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Science, Mental Illness, And Ethics In Friedrich Dürrenmatt’S The Physicists, Niyant Vora 2018 Illinois Wesleyan University

Science, Mental Illness, And Ethics In Friedrich Dürrenmatt’S The Physicists, Niyant Vora

John Wesley Powell Student Research Conference

In 1962, as Cold War tensions approached their peak, Friedrich Dürrenmatt, a Swiss playwright, published his play The Physicists. Two of the most important topics in The Physicists are mental illness and ethical responsibility of scientists. Dürrenmatt’s three main characters: Möbius (a genius), Einstein (a Russian spy), and Newton (an American spy) are all physicists who appropriate the status of mentally ill in order to hide from society inside the Les Cerisiers Sanatorium. Their status as mentally ill acts as a cover up that reveals their different reasons for adapting that status–from Möbius attempt to escape the politics ...


Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith 2018 Carroll College

Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

This review was conducted to compare the perioperative outcomes following a total primary arthroplasty among patients with a psychiatric comorbidity versus those without a psychiatric comorbidity. Literature was reviewed from the database Pubmed. Seven cohort and case-control studies were reviewed, with the largest sample size of 8.4 million patients. Psychiatric comorbidities resulted in increased negative perioperative outcomes compared to patients without psychiatric comorbidities in six articles. These studies observed higher rates of revision, blood transfusion, mortality, non-traditional discharge, and increased length and cost of stay for patients with a diagnosed psychiatric condition. Therefore, it was concluded from most studies ...


The Relation Of Seasonal Patterns To Mood Changes And Gender Differences In College-Aged Students, mariah meza 2018 Dominican University of California

The Relation Of Seasonal Patterns To Mood Changes And Gender Differences In College-Aged Students, Mariah Meza

Student Research Posters

This study examined college students’ moods during different seasons patterns throughout the year. Previous research has indicated that many individuals feel more lethargic, lonely and moody during the winter months (Rohan & Sigmon, 2000). These mood and behavior patterns clearly depend on specific seasons of the year. However, many studies have produced inconsistent findings and current data on how weather impacts college aged students moods in California (Lucht & Kasper, 1999). There are many inconsistent studies in the United States that indicate whether there is a higher fluctuation in women’s moods during seasonal change than there is with men(Chotai, Smedh, Johansson, Nilsson, Adolfsson, 2003). The current study investigated gender differences in college students and how weather impacts their overall mood in Northern California. It was hypothesized that women have a higher Global Seasonality Score (GSS) than men. It was also hypothesized that college -aged women experience more seasonal fluctuations in mood, socialization, sleep, eating patterns, and weight gain than men do. The current study involved 60 college students from a northern California university. The Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SPAQ; Rosenthal, 1984), a 7-item survey that measures of winter pattern seasonality of mood in the general population along with demographic and weather related questions were used to assess the effects of weather on mood and behavioral patterns. Results are expected to conclude that there is a statistically significant difference in GSS between men and women. Analyses are also expected to indicate that women’s mood, socialization, sleep, eating patterns ...


Enhancing The Effectiveness Of Inpatient Palliative Care Consultation Teams (Pccts), Meghan McDarby 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Enhancing The Effectiveness Of Inpatient Palliative Care Consultation Teams (Pccts), Meghan Mcdarby

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Inpatient palliative care consultation teams (PCCTs) provide supportive care to individuals with chronic, life-limiting illness and their families. However, the clinical effectiveness of the PCCT may be affected by the quality of their collaboration with other providers. The purpose of this two-part study was to describe the efforts of inpatient PCCTs in order to (1) determine whether their expertise is maximized by other providers and (2) identify factors that may hinder or facilitate their successful collaboration with other providers. Descriptive analyses of retrospective chart review data (N = 120 charts) suggest that the majority of PCCT recommendations to other providers focus ...


Detecting Opioid-Related Aberrant Behavior Using Natural Language Processing, Jesse M. Lingeman, Priscilla Wang, William Becker, Hong Yu 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Detecting Opioid-Related Aberrant Behavior Using Natural Language Processing, Jesse M. Lingeman, Priscilla Wang, William Becker, Hong Yu

Open Access Articles

The United States is in the midst of a prescription opioid epidemic, with the number of yearly opioid-related overdose deaths increasing almost fourfold since 2000(1). To more effectively prevent unintentional opioid overdoses, the medical profession requires robust surveillance tools that can effectively identify at-risk patients. Drug-related aberrant behaviors observed in the clinical context may be important indicators of patients at risk for or actively abusing opioids. In this paper, we describe a natural language processing (NLP) method for automatic surveillance of aberrant behavior in medical notes relying only on the text of the notes. This allows for a robust ...


The Predictors Of Juvenile Recidivism: Testimonies Of Adult Students 18 Years And Older Exiting From Alternative Education, La Toshia Palmer 2018 Brandman University

The Predictors Of Juvenile Recidivism: Testimonies Of Adult Students 18 Years And Older Exiting From Alternative Education, La Toshia Palmer

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive, qualitative study was to identify and describe the importance of the predictors of juvenile recidivism and the effectiveness of efforts to prevent/avoid juvenile recidivism as perceived by previously detained, arrested, convicted, and/or incarcerated adult students 18 years of age and older exiting from alternative education in Northern California. A second purpose was to explore the types of support provided by alternative schools and the perceived importance of the support to avoid recidivism according to adult students 18 years of age and older exiting from alternative education.

Methodology: This qualitative, descriptive research design ...


Anxiety, Depression, And Adverse Clinical Outcomes In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Starting Warfarin: Cardiovascular Research Network Wave Study, Christine Baumgartner, Dongjie Fan, Margaret C. Fang, Daniel E. Singer, Daniel M. Witt, John R. Schmelzer, Marc S. Williams, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Sue Hee Sung, Alan S. Go 2018 University of California, San Francisco

Anxiety, Depression, And Adverse Clinical Outcomes In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Starting Warfarin: Cardiovascular Research Network Wave Study, Christine Baumgartner, Dongjie Fan, Margaret C. Fang, Daniel E. Singer, Daniel M. Witt, John R. Schmelzer, Marc S. Williams, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Sue Hee Sung, Alan S. Go

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are associated with worse outcomes in several cardiovascular conditions, but it is unclear whether they affect outcomes in atrial fibrillation (AF). In a large diverse population of adults with AF, we evaluated the association of diagnosed anxiety and/or depression with stroke and bleeding outcomes.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The Cardiovascular Research Network WAVE (Community-Based Control and Persistence of Warfarin Therapy and Associated Rates and Predictors of Adverse Clinical Events in Atrial Fibrillation and Venous Thromboembolism) Study included adults with AF newly starting warfarin between 2004 and 2007 within 5 health delivery systems in the United States ...


Association Between Food Insecurity And Cvd Risk Factors Is Moderated By Intake Of Fruits And Vegetables In Latinos, Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Stephenie C. Lemon, Milagros C. Rosal 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Between Food Insecurity And Cvd Risk Factors Is Moderated By Intake Of Fruits And Vegetables In Latinos, Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Stephenie C. Lemon, Milagros C. Rosal

UMass Worcester PRC Presentations

Background: Food insecurity has been consistently associated with CVD risk factors (i.e., obesity, type 2 diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia). Consumption of fruits and vegetables may reduce CVD risk factors among food insecure Latinos.

Objective: To examine the potential moderating effect of fruit and vegetable intake in the association between food insecurity and CVD risk factors in a sample of Latino men and women in the northeast U.S.

Methods: A representative community sample of Latino individuals was recruited from a community health center in Lawrence, MA. Food insecurity was measured with the 6-item USDA Household Food Security Scale. Fruit ...


Non-Hispanic Black-White Disparities In Pain And Pain Management Among Newly Admitted Nursing Home Residents With Cancer, Deborah Mack, Jacob N. Hunnicutt, William M. Jesdale, Kate L. Lapane 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Non-Hispanic Black-White Disparities In Pain And Pain Management Among Newly Admitted Nursing Home Residents With Cancer, Deborah Mack, Jacob N. Hunnicutt, William M. Jesdale, Kate L. Lapane

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

Background: Racial disparities in pain management persist across health care settings and likely extend into nursing homes. No recent studies have evaluated racial disparities in pain management among residents with cancer in nursing homes at time of admission.

Methods: Using a cross-sectional study design, we compared reported pain and pain management between non-Hispanic White and non-Hispanic Black newly admitted nursing home residents with cancer (n=342,920) using the de-identified Minimum Data Set version 3.0. Pain management strategies included the use of scheduled analgesics, pro re nata analgesics, and non-pharmacological methods. Presence of pain was based on self-report when ...


Film Screening: What Doesn't Kill Me, LeeAnn Bartolini 2018 Dominican University of California

Film Screening: What Doesn't Kill Me, Leeann Bartolini

Community Engagement Theme

No abstract provided.


Inhibition Of Tnf-Alpha Decreases Microglia Activation In Rats Neonatally Treated With Poly I:C, Heath W. Shelton, Russell W. Brown 2018 East Tennessee State University

Inhibition Of Tnf-Alpha Decreases Microglia Activation In Rats Neonatally Treated With Poly I:C, Heath W. Shelton, Russell W. Brown

Appalachian Student Research Forum

Introduction: Current medical treatment for individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia (SCHZ) primarily relies on the inhibition of the dopamine D2 receptor that has been shown to be supersensitive in these patients. Treatment occurs through the use of antipsychotic medication which leads to a number of debilitating dose-dependent side effects, such as weight gain, agranulocytosis, and seizures. Patients diagnosed with SCHZ have also been shown to have increased inflammation in their central nervous system (CNS), particularly within specific brain regions such as the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus. This is in large part due to the interaction between a pro-inflammatory cytokine called ...


Association Between Alzheimer's Disease And Rural Northeast Tennessee Region Between 2013 And 2015, Sylvester Olubolu Orimaye, Jodi Southerland 2018 East Tennessee State University

Association Between Alzheimer's Disease And Rural Northeast Tennessee Region Between 2013 And 2015, Sylvester Olubolu Orimaye, Jodi Southerland

Appalachian Student Research Forum

Background: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a type of Dementia and a neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by the gradual degrading of both memory and cognitive functions. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the prevalence of AD is increasing globally. Currently, AD is the sixth leading cause of mortality in the United States. As the ageing population increases in the United States, it is possible that AD will move up the ladder in the top cause of mortality. Although the prevalence of AD in most urban parts of developed nations such as the United States is widely known, little ...


Behavioral Correlates For Quitting Opioids Among Opioid-Dependent Pregnant And Non-Pregnant Women Of Childbearing Age In Rural Appalachia, Sindura Kompella, Sylvester Olubolu Orimaye, Nigel Dsouza, Karl Goodkin, Steven Kendell, Susan Wallace, Tracy Willson 2018 East Tennessee State University

Behavioral Correlates For Quitting Opioids Among Opioid-Dependent Pregnant And Non-Pregnant Women Of Childbearing Age In Rural Appalachia, Sindura Kompella, Sylvester Olubolu Orimaye, Nigel Dsouza, Karl Goodkin, Steven Kendell, Susan Wallace, Tracy Willson

Appalachian Student Research Forum

Background: The opioid epidemic is particularly worrisome in the pregnant population, wherein concerns are raised about the health of a mother and her child, resulting in an alarming incidence and prevalence of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS). The 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) show the rate of illicit psychoactive substance use among the females aged 12 or older was 15.5% in the past year. Among pregnant women aged 15 to 44, 6.3% were illicit psychoactive substance users. In Tennessee, the number of hospital discharged NAS cases from 2002 to 2013 increased from 1.50 to ...


Pasrr: A Unique Gateway To Community Services, Jessica Carpenter 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Pasrr: A Unique Gateway To Community Services, Jessica Carpenter

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987 required state Medicaid programs to implement a Pre-Admission Screening and Resident Review (PASRR) process, which required every person entering or residing in a Medicaid funded or certified long-term care nursing facility be screened for evidence of serious mental illness, and/or intellectual disability, developmental disability or related conditions, such as autism and cerebral palsy. The PASRR review confirms those individuals with a PASRR-related diagnosis and determines the least restrictive environment to meet their needs, and identifies disability focused services to promote the individuals’ highest level of function and independence.


"My Bitterness Is Deeper Than The Ocean": Understanding Internalized Stigma From The Perspectives Of Persons With Schizophrenia And Their Family Caregivers., Yin-Ling Irene Wong, Dexia Kong, Lufei Tu, Rosemary Frasso PhD, MSc, CPH 2018 University of Pennsylvania

"My Bitterness Is Deeper Than The Ocean": Understanding Internalized Stigma From The Perspectives Of Persons With Schizophrenia And Their Family Caregivers., Yin-Ling Irene Wong, Dexia Kong, Lufei Tu, Rosemary Frasso Phd, Msc, Cph

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

Background: It is estimated that 8 million of the Chinese adult population had a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Stigma associated with mental illness, which is pervasive in the Chinese cultural context, impacts both persons with schizophrenia and their family caregivers. However, a review of the literature found a dearth of research that explored internalized stigma from the perspectives of both patients and their caregivers.

Methods: We integrated data from standardized scales and narratives from semi-structured interviews obtained from eight family-dyads. Interview narratives about stigma were analyzed using directed content analysis and compared with responses from Chinese versions of the Internalized Stigma ...


Rhythmic Movements And Feeling States, Melanie Johnson 2018 Lesley University

Rhythmic Movements And Feeling States, Melanie Johnson

Expressive Therapies Dissertations

This study was conducted to test the validity of a theoretical framework in developmental psychology of body movement analysis, the Kestenberg Movement Profile (KMP). Motor patterns associated with needs and foundations for affect expression, the tension flow rhythms (TFRs), were examined. Recent research examined the validity of the TFRs in nonclinical adults and found preliminary support for some of the KMP’s assumptions associating smooth (indulging) rhythms with indulgent affects and sharp (fighting) movements with assertive or aggressive affects. This study aimed to test the TFRs associated with the first two years of development—the sucking, biting, twisting, and strain ...


An Evolving Understanding Of A Spectrum “Disorder”, Samuel C. Eads 2018 DePauw University

An Evolving Understanding Of A Spectrum “Disorder”, Samuel C. Eads

Student research

The 2013 publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) affected millions of people. Individuals who had previously received a diagnosis of Asperger’s syndrome (AS), or any other pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) with the exception of Rett syndrome (RTT)1, suddenly found themselves placed on the autism spectrum. While some individuals with PDDs viewed this diagnostic change as beneficial, others felt that they had been stripped of a part of their identity. By merging several disorders, the DSM created the “umbrella diagnosis” of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which features an incredibly varied etiology and ...


Practice Standards For Initial Adhd Assessment: A Review, Lauren Spencer 2018 Western Kentucky University

Practice Standards For Initial Adhd Assessment: A Review, Lauren Spencer

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

There are many challenges that come with diagnosing attentiondeficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), including shared symptoms with many similar disorders, high comorbidity of other mental disorders, and subjective bias from informant reports. Three clinical guidelines for diagnosing ADHD currently exist, published by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), and the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP). However, these guidelines are outdated as they are based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) and do not include more recent research. This project was intended to update ...


Partidarios De La Vida: Resiliencia En Los Afectados Directos De La Dictadura En Arica, Chile / Supporters Of Life: Resilience In The Direct Victims Of The Dictatorship In Arica, Chile, Danielle Levinson 2018 SIT Study Abroad

Partidarios De La Vida: Resiliencia En Los Afectados Directos De La Dictadura En Arica, Chile / Supporters Of Life: Resilience In The Direct Victims Of The Dictatorship In Arica, Chile, Danielle Levinson

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The present study is a qualitative analysis of resilience mechanisms in inhabitants of the city of Arica, Chile who participated actively in the resistance against the Pinochet dictatorship. Through one-on-one interviews with members of this population and the coordinator/social assistant of the Arican branch of the Chilean government’s reparation program (PRAIS), this project was able to corroborate the existence of the following four categories of resilience mechanisms, which are identified in a technical standard published by the Chilean Under-Secretariat of Health: individual, family, social network, and values and ideology. However, it was revealed that this model should be ...


What Happens After Treatment: Improving Quality Of Life In Adolescents And Young Adults, Nichole Smith 2018 DePauw University

What Happens After Treatment: Improving Quality Of Life In Adolescents And Young Adults, Nichole Smith

Student research

More children and adolescents are surviving a cancer diagnosis now than ever before, but with these encouraging survival rates come the need for improved survivorship care. As a result of treatment, AYA are suffering from physical setbacks such as issues with weight management and fertility (Nightingale, 2011), and psychosocial setbacks such as PTSS, anxiety, and depression (Butler, Rizzi, Hardwerger, 1999). These factors may contributed to the fact that adolescents and young adults (AYA) often report lower QOL than their healthy counterparts (Russell, Hudson, Long, Phipps, 2006), which highlights the need for interventions that address the unmet needs and QOL of ...


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