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The Myth Of Promiscuity: Examining Black Male Sexual Narratives And Sexual Identity, Seth Young 2018 Duquesne University

The Myth Of Promiscuity: Examining Black Male Sexual Narratives And Sexual Identity, Seth Young

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Black masculinity and sexuality are common topics across areas of philosophy, psychology, cultural studies and others. Yet, these topics are dedicated to the racial narrative of hypersexual Black male, the sexual objectification of Black men, and their presumed promiscuity. While such topics are important, there is little qualitative research that looks at the complexity and emotionality of African American men’s sexual experiences. Using the theoretical research on black masculinity and sexuality as its backdrop, this dissertation explores how heterosexual, African American men experience their sexuality. The study incorporates narrative inquiry and in-depth, semi-structured interviews to gather stories of five ...


Prevalence Rates Of Arthritis Among Us Older Adults With Varying Degrees Of Depression: Findings From The 2011 To 2014 National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey, Jessica L. Brooks, Alexander J. Titus, Courtney A. Polenick, Nicole M. Orzechowski, Manney Carrington Reid, Todd A. MacKenzie, Stephen J. Bartels, John A. Batsis 2018 Dartmouth College

Prevalence Rates Of Arthritis Among Us Older Adults With Varying Degrees Of Depression: Findings From The 2011 To 2014 National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey, Jessica L. Brooks, Alexander J. Titus, Courtney A. Polenick, Nicole M. Orzechowski, Manney Carrington Reid, Todd A. Mackenzie, Stephen J. Bartels, John A. Batsis

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Arthritis and depressive symptoms often interact and negatively influence one another to worsen mental and physical health outcomes. Better characterization of arthritis rates among older adults with different levels of depressive symptoms is an important step toward informing mental health professionals of the need to detect and respond to arthritis and related mental health complications. The primary objective is to determine arthritis rates among US older adults with varying degrees of depression. Using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011 to 2014 data (N = 4792), we first identified participants aged ≥50 years. Measures screened for depressive symptoms and self‐reported ...


A Multimodal Assessment Of Disgust In Response To Traumatic Event Reminders Among Adolescents, Teah-Marie R. Bynion 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

A Multimodal Assessment Of Disgust In Response To Traumatic Event Reminders Among Adolescents, Teah-Marie R. Bynion

Theses and Dissertations

The majority of youth will report traumatic event exposure by the time they reach adulthood. Research suggests exposure to such events is linked to myriad negative outcomes. Not all traumatic events are alike, however; evidence suggests that, compared to non-interpersonal events, interpersonal events in which another person intentionally perpetrates harm are linked to elevations in the likelihood of negative outcomes, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). One reason for this discrepancy is that interpersonal traumatic events may elicit greater levels of disgust. However, this is a very under-developed research base, no study has examined this question among youth. The current study ...


Inside Out©: Improving Children's Emotion Competence Through Film, Ingrid J. Krecko 2018 Indiana University of Pennsylvania

Inside Out©: Improving Children's Emotion Competence Through Film, Ingrid J. Krecko

Theses and Dissertations (All)

The 2015 Disney Pixar film Inside Out© has garnered significant attention from mental health professionals since its release. Despite its popularity, no study to date has empirically evaluated the film’s effectiveness in improving children’s emotion competence. Thus, the researcher pilot-tested a group intervention for parents and children designed to reduce expressive suppression and increase emotion acceptance. Twenty children ages 7 to 12 participated in the current study; fifteen (5 males) were randomly assigned to the treatment condition, which involved watching the movie Inside Out© and participating in a therapist-facilitated discussion, and 5 (3 males) participated in a movie-only ...


Structurally Rich Movement: Measuring Movement For Empirical Psychology And Examining The Dynamic Complexity Of Affect Regulation In Behavior, Michael Timothy Finn 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Structurally Rich Movement: Measuring Movement For Empirical Psychology And Examining The Dynamic Complexity Of Affect Regulation In Behavior, Michael Timothy Finn

Doctoral Dissertations

Movement not only permeates human life, but structures dimensions of experience. Phenomenological theory points to the dynamic congruency of movement and emotion, via the body schema, as shaping affectivity. For psychology, this calls for an understanding of behavior beyond being discrete events, but also manifesting kinetic melodies. Yet there is a gap in existing methodology for empirically studying the three-dimensional characteristics of human movement continuously across segments of the body. A potential line of research in this area, implicit affect regulation capacities, was described to inform the selection of instrumentation, measurement, and calculations of dynamic structure that would, theoretically, best ...


Relationship Between Theory Of Mind, Emotion Recognition, And Social Synchrony In Adolescents With And Without Autism, Paula Fitzpatrick, Jean A. Frazier, David E. Cochran, Teresa V. Mitchell, Caitlin Coleman, R. C. Schmidt 2018 Assumption College

Relationship Between Theory Of Mind, Emotion Recognition, And Social Synchrony In Adolescents With And Without Autism, Paula Fitzpatrick, Jean A. Frazier, David E. Cochran, Teresa V. Mitchell, Caitlin Coleman, R. C. Schmidt

Open Access Articles

Difficulty in social communication and interaction is a primary diagnostic feature of ASD. Research has found that adolescents with ASD display various impairments in social behavior such as theory of mind (ToM), emotion recognition, and social synchrony. However, not much is known about the relationships among these dimensions of social behavior. Adolescents with and without ASD participated in the study. ToM ability was measured by viewing social animations of geometric shapes, recognition of facial emotions was measured by viewing pictures of faces, and synchrony ability was measured with a spontaneously arising interpersonal movement task completed with a caregiver and an ...


Complexities And Challenges Of Nonduality, Elizabeth Stephens 2018 California Institute of Integral Studies

Complexities And Challenges Of Nonduality, Elizabeth Stephens

CONSCIOUSNESS: Ideas and Research for the Twenty-First Century

States of consciousness referred to as nonduality, awakening, enlightenment, moksha, peak experience, unitive states, or void states, among other terms, have garnered increasing secular attention and have become a topic of psychological and neuroscientific research. A review of the literature revealed many challenges to studying this set of states, such as inconsistent conceptualizations, a variety of models and theories, and conflicting descriptions indicating that the actual experience may not live up to the superlative descriptions found in historical texts or the expectations put forth by nondual teachers. A great deal more empirical research on this topic is needed, and researchers ...


Trauma Recovery: A Heroic Journey, Brenda Keck, Lisa Compton, Corie Schoeneberg, Tucker Compton 2018 Regent University

Trauma Recovery: A Heroic Journey, Brenda Keck, Lisa Compton, Corie Schoeneberg, Tucker Compton

Heroism Science: An Interdisciplinary Journal

Trauma survivors who choose to enter into trauma recovery may be viewed as individuals embarking on a hero’s journey. Historically, many of the coping strategies utilized by individuals who are experiencing post-traumatic stress have been viewed as inherently disordered and personally dysfunctional. An alternative perspective of these behaviors calls for an examination of strengths present within trauma survivors, suggesting a reframe of their symptomology as ingenuity in coping during adverse circumstances and an appreciation for the difficulty of living with traumatic memories. This article highlights the challenging process of trauma recovery as it parallels Campbell’s (1949) metaphor of ...


Improving Analogical Reasoning Skills In Adolescence Through Figurative Music Lyric Exposure: Towards Better Decision-Making Skills, Shannon S. Clark 2018 Australian Catholic University

Improving Analogical Reasoning Skills In Adolescence Through Figurative Music Lyric Exposure: Towards Better Decision-Making Skills, Shannon S. Clark

Theses

Adolescents are known through both anecdotal and empirical research to be poor descision-makers; especially when risk is involved. Numerous factors are highlighted as influential to descision-making in adolescence; however, no complete understanding has been offered despite the endeavour. Understanding is suggested to be key to decision-making, and analogical reasoning is key to understanding. In addition, figurative-language comprehension skills are reported to be practically identical in their neurological mapping as analogical reasoning skills. Furthermore, lyrical music can be heavily represented by figurative language; and adolescents are exposed to lyrical musical for up to a quarter of their waking days. The existing ...


Combatting Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: An Evaluation Of The My Life, My Choice Program In Kentucky, Chelsea M. Dyer 2018 Morehead State University

Combatting Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: An Evaluation Of The My Life, My Choice Program In Kentucky, Chelsea M. Dyer

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the Caudill College of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts by Chelsea M. Dyer on July 11, 2018.


Depression, Anxiety, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And A History Of Pervasive Gender-Based Violence Among Women Asylum Seekers Who Have Undergone Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A Retrospective Case Review, Hazel Lever, Deborah Ottenheimer, Jimmitti Teysir, Elizabeth Singer, Holly G. Atkinson 2018 Icahn School of Medicine

Depression, Anxiety, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And A History Of Pervasive Gender-Based Violence Among Women Asylum Seekers Who Have Undergone Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A Retrospective Case Review, Hazel Lever, Deborah Ottenheimer, Jimmitti Teysir, Elizabeth Singer, Holly G. Atkinson

Publications and Research

We sought to evaluate the frequency of anxiety, depression, PTSD, and any experiences of violence in women who had undergone Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) and were seeking asylum in the United States. We undertook a retrospective qualitative descriptive study of FGM/C cases seen in an asylum clinic over a 2-year period. Standardized questionnaires provided quantitative scores for anxiety, depression and PTSD. Clients’ personal and physician medical affidavits were analyzed for experiences of violence. Of the 13 cases, anxiety and depression were exhibited by 92 and 100% of women, while all seven women screened for PTSD had symptoms ...


Journey Interrupted: A Phenomenological Exploration Of Miscarriage, Marit A. Watson, Vanessa D. Jewell, Sarah L. Smith 2018 Creighton University

Journey Interrupted: A Phenomenological Exploration Of Miscarriage, Marit A. Watson, Vanessa D. Jewell, Sarah L. Smith

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Miscarriage is a significant life event that impacts occupational performance, identity, and competence and that influences perceptions of motherhood. Because of the lack of social rituals often attributed to the death of a loved one, miscarriages may result in disenfranchised grief, which impedes coping.

Methods: This phenomenological study explored the impact of miscarriage on relationships, perceptions of motherhood, and the meaning of occupation in the context of grief. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews (N = 4) and completion of a brief demographic questionnaire. The interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim, and reviewed to ensure accuracy. Using inductive thematic analysis ...


Fatherhood: Motivations Of Paternal Involvement, David Nguyen 2018 Lehigh University

Fatherhood: Motivations Of Paternal Involvement, David Nguyen

Theses and Dissertations

Men’s role in raising their children is changing due to different life circumstances, including an increase in women in the workforce and the positive acceptance of men being involved caregivers in addition as breadwinners. Though inequities in gender roles remain, these new expectations for men in childrearing responsibilities brings to the surface different questions as to what motivates men to engage in parenting behaviors. One theoretical approach to understand men’s intentions to engage in parenting behaviors is Ajzen’s (1991) theory of planned behavior. Grounded in the Theory of Planned Behavior, the purpose of the study was to ...


An Investigation Of The Neurobiology Of Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures, Finian O'Brien 2018 The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

An Investigation Of The Neurobiology Of Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures, Finian O'Brien

PhD theses

Background: Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) are paroxysmal episodes of seizure-like behaviour that superficially resemble epileptic events, but lack EEG correlates of epilepsy. Diagnosis is often delayed and the condition is associated with significant impairments of general functioning. At the time that this project was commenced, there were few neuropsychological studies of PNES and the neural correlates of this condition were unknown.

Aims: This project aimed to firstly, examine the prevalence and management of PNES in an Irish epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) and secondly to examine neuropsychiatric, neuropsychological, structural and functional neuroimaging correlates of adults with PNES.

Methods: Standardised assessments and ...


Indirect & Displaced Aggression: The Role Of Comparison Based Traits And Cognitive Vulnerabilities, Niki M. Knight 2018 University of Southern Mississippi

Indirect & Displaced Aggression: The Role Of Comparison Based Traits And Cognitive Vulnerabilities, Niki M. Knight

Dissertations

The present study explored the relationships of contingent self-esteem, dispositional envy, and two cognitive vulnerabilities (i.e., anger rumination and fear of negative evaluation) to indirect aggression (IA) and displaced aggression (DA) in a college student sample (N = 346). Despite the theoretical relevance of these personality and cognitive factors to aggression, there is little empirical evidence linking them to the perpetration of IA and DA. Bivariate correlations and hierarchical multiple regression were used to test the utility of these constructs in accounting for unique variance in IA and DA and to assess the potential role of participant gender. Participants high ...


Contextualization Of Psychological Treatments For Government Health Systems In Low-Resource Settings: Group Interpersonal Psychotherapy For Caregivers Of Children With Nodding Syndrome In Uganda., Byamah B Mutamba, Brandon A Kohrt, James Okello, Janet Nakigudde, Bernard Opar, Seggane Musisi, William Bazeyo, Joop de Jong 2018 George Washington University

Contextualization Of Psychological Treatments For Government Health Systems In Low-Resource Settings: Group Interpersonal Psychotherapy For Caregivers Of Children With Nodding Syndrome In Uganda., Byamah B Mutamba, Brandon A Kohrt, James Okello, Janet Nakigudde, Bernard Opar, Seggane Musisi, William Bazeyo, Joop De Jong

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Evidence for the effectiveness of psychological treatments in low- and middle-income countries is increasing. However, there is a lack of systematic approaches to guide implementation in government health systems. The objective of this study was to address this gap by employing the Replicating Effective Programs (REP) framework to guide contextualization of a psychological treatment in the Uganda public health system for caregivers of children affected by nodding syndrome, a neuropsychiatric disorder endemic to Sub-Saharan Africa associated with high morbidity and disability.

METHODS: To contextualize a psychological treatment, we followed the four components of the REP framework: pre-conditions, pre-implementation, implementation ...


Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Design Of A Stimulator And A Focused Coil For The Application Of Small Animals, Jayaprakash Selvaraj, Priyam Rastogi, Neelam G. Prabhu Gaunkar, Ravi L. Hadimani, Mani Mina 2018 Iowa State University

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Design Of A Stimulator And A Focused Coil For The Application Of Small Animals, Jayaprakash Selvaraj, Priyam Rastogi, Neelam G. Prabhu Gaunkar, Ravi L. Hadimani, Mani Mina

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive, safe, effective, and food and drug administration approved treatment for major depressive disorder. TMS relies on time-varying magnetic fields to induce an electric field in the brain, resulting in depolarization or hyperpolarization of the neurons. Recently, there has been extensive research to improve the magnetic coil design, effectiveness of TMS treatment, and improvement in the computer modeling of human brains, yet little development is reported on the TMS pulse generators and coil design for small animals. TMS pulse generators, or stimulators, are the circuits which provides pulse current to drive the inductive coils ...


Empirical Validation Of The Genetic Psychosocial Risk Instrument – French Version (Gpri-F), Christine Maheu, Mary Jane Esplen, Xin Gao, Irakli Dzneladze, Hao Bai, François Eisinger, Claire Julian-Reynier 2018 McGill University

Empirical Validation Of The Genetic Psychosocial Risk Instrument – French Version (Gpri-F), Christine Maheu, Mary Jane Esplen, Xin Gao, Irakli Dzneladze, Hao Bai, François Eisinger, Claire Julian-Reynier

Science of Nursing and Health Practices - Science infirmière et pratiques en santé

Objective. This study sought to validate a French version of the Genetic Psychosocial Risk Instrument (GPRI), an instrument used to screen for psychosocial risk in individuals undergoing genetic testing for adult-onset hereditary disease (AOHD). Methods. The French translation of the GPRI (GPRI-F) was first validated linguistically with ten French individuals undergoing genetic testing for AOHD. Then, a psychometric evaluation of the GPRI-F was carried out with a separate cohort of 132 individuals. Convergent validity was assessed with the Impact of Event Scale (IES) and the Perceived Risk Scale (PR), while divergent validity was assessed with a quality of life measure ...


Pathways To Friendship - Building Friendships One Person At A Time: An Innovative Two-Year Project To Expand And Improve The Inclusion Of People With Idd, Christine J. Clifford, Jim Ross 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Pathways To Friendship - Building Friendships One Person At A Time: An Innovative Two-Year Project To Expand And Improve The Inclusion Of People With Idd, Christine J. Clifford, Jim Ross

Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center Publications

For people with Intellectual and Developmental Disability (IDD), making friends and participating in the community can be a challenge. Pathways to Friendship (Pathways), is a collaboration between The Arc of Massachusetts (The Arc) and the Massachusetts Department of Developmental Services (DDS) with an evaluation component provided by The Center for Developmental Disabilities Evaluation and Research (CDDER). Pathways includes training and consultation to disability service organizations on approaches to improve community inclusion and establish friendships between people with and without IDD.


Using The Habit App For Weight Loss Problem Solving: Development And Feasibility Study, Sherry Pagoto, Bengisu Tulu, Emmanuel Agu, Molly E. Waring, Jessica L. Oleski, Danielle E. Jake-Schoffman 2018 University Of Connecticut

Using The Habit App For Weight Loss Problem Solving: Development And Feasibility Study, Sherry Pagoto, Bengisu Tulu, Emmanuel Agu, Molly E. Waring, Jessica L. Oleski, Danielle E. Jake-Schoffman

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Reviews of weight loss mobile apps have revealed they include very few evidence-based features, relying mostly on self-monitoring. Unfortunately, adherence to self-monitoring is often low, especially among patients with motivational challenges. One behavioral strategy that is leveraged in virtually every visit of behavioral weight loss interventions and is specifically used to deal with adherence and motivational issues is problem solving. Problem solving has been successfully implemented in depression mobile apps, but not yet in weight loss apps.

OBJECTIVE: This study describes the development and feasibility testing of the Habit app, which was designed to automate problem-solving therapy for weight ...


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