Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Psychiatry and Psychology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

7,329 Full-Text Articles 12,325 Authors 3,319,570 Downloads 243 Institutions

All Articles in Psychiatry and Psychology

Faceted Search

7,329 full-text articles. Page 1 of 236.

Violence Against Women: Group Treatment Mental Health Strategies In The Integral Women's Centers In The Autonomous City Of Buenos Aires, 2017, Margaret Newman 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Violence Against Women: Group Treatment Mental Health Strategies In The Integral Women's Centers In The Autonomous City Of Buenos Aires, 2017, Margaret Newman

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


As A Pediatrician, I Don’T Know The Second, Third, Or Fourth Thing To Do: A Qualitative Study Of Pediatric Residents’ Training And Experiences In Behavioral Health, Rachel Petts PhD, Jeffrey D. Shahidullah PhD, Paul W. Kettlewell PhD, Kathryn A. DeHart MD, Kris Rooney MD, Ilene G. Ladd MS, Tyler Bogaczyk BS, Sharon L. Larson PhD 2018 Geisinger Health System, Danville, PA

As A Pediatrician, I Don’T Know The Second, Third, Or Fourth Thing To Do: A Qualitative Study Of Pediatric Residents’ Training And Experiences In Behavioral Health, Rachel Petts Phd, Jeffrey D. Shahidullah Phd, Paul W. Kettlewell Phd, Kathryn A. Dehart Md, Kris Rooney Md, Ilene G. Ladd Ms, Tyler Bogaczyk Bs, Sharon L. Larson Phd

International Journal of Health Sciences Education

Despite a mandated 1-month rotation in developmental-behavioral pediatrics (DBP), pediatric residents report inadequate training in behavioral health care. As a first step in much needed curriculum development in this area, this study sought to assess learner experiences regarding the management of behavioral health problems during residency. Four focus groups were conducted for residents in years 1-3 of training in 2 residency programs in a northeastern state. Transcripts were analyzed and coded by researchers through qualitative classical content analysis. The exploratory analysis revealed 9 key themes: time requirements, rapport building, resources and referrals for behavioral health, psychiatric medications, diagnosis vs. treatment ...


Using Picture-Story Books To Help Families Understand Turbulent Parental Emotions In Families With Small Children, Anne Sved Williams, Marie Jonsson-Harrison 2018 University of Adelaide

Using Picture-Story Books To Help Families Understand Turbulent Parental Emotions In Families With Small Children, Anne Sved Williams, Marie Jonsson-Harrison

Journal of Parent and Family Mental Health

A parent’s struggle to manage their emotions may have significant impact on small children. Helping a child understand in the here and now about what is going on for the parent, without blaming that parent or the child, may be useful for the child. It may also lead the child to seek different models of managing emotions and self-concepts. Reading books with children, or bibliotherapy, could be useful for parents who experience stress-related “meltdowns” or perhaps live with mental health conditions such as borderline personality disorder, and for those working with small children in educational, child care or child ...


Pharmacy Staff Perspectives On Alcohol And Medication Interaction Prevention Among Older Rural Adults, Faika Zanjani, Hannah Allen, Rachel Vickers Smith, Demetra Antimisiaris, Nancy E. Schoenberg, Catherine A. Martin, Richard Clayton 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Pharmacy Staff Perspectives On Alcohol And Medication Interaction Prevention Among Older Rural Adults, Faika Zanjani, Hannah Allen, Rachel Vickers Smith, Demetra Antimisiaris, Nancy E. Schoenberg, Catherine A. Martin, Richard Clayton

Behavioral Science Faculty Publications

Older adults are at high risk for alcohol and medication interactions (AMI). Pharmacies have the potential to act as ideal locations for AMI education, as pharmacy staff play an important role in the community. This study examined the perspectives of pharmacy staff on AMI prevention programming messaging, potential barriers to and facilitators of older adult participation in such programming, and dissemination methods for AMI prevention information. Flyers, telephone calls, and site visits were used to recruit 31 pharmacy staff members who participated in semistructured interviews. A content analysis of interview transcriptions was conducted to identify major themes, categories, and subcategories ...


The Effects Of Limiting Punitive Damage Awards, Edith Greene, David Coon, Brian H. Bornstein 2018 University of Colorado, Colorado Springs

The Effects Of Limiting Punitive Damage Awards, Edith Greene, David Coon, Brian H. Bornstein

David R. Coon

In response to concerns that jury awards in tort cases are excessive and unpredictable, nearly every state legislature has enacted some version of tort reform that is intended to curb extravagant damage awards. One of the most important and controversial reforms involves capping (or limiting) the maximum punitive damage award. We conducted a jury analogue study to assess the impact of this reform. In particular, we examined the possibility that capping punitive awards would cause jurors to inflate their compensatory awards to satisfy their desires to punish the defendant, particularly in situations where the defendant’s conduct was highly reprehensible ...


Use Or Consequences: Probing The Cognitive Difference Between Two Measures Of Divergent Thinking, Richard W. Hass, Roger E. Beaty 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Use Or Consequences: Probing The Cognitive Difference Between Two Measures Of Divergent Thinking, Richard W. Hass, Roger E. Beaty

College of Humanities and Sciences Faculty Papers

Recent studies have highlighted both similarities and differences between the cognitive processing that underpins memory retrieval and that which underpins creative thinking. To date, studies have focused more heavily on the Alternative Uses task, but fewer studies have investigated the processing underpinning other idea generation tasks. This study examines both Alternative Uses and Consequences idea generation with a methods pulled from cognitive psychology, and a novel method for evaluating the creativity of such responses. Participants were recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk using a custom interface allowing for requisite experimental control. Results showed that both Alternative Uses and Consequences generation are ...


Optimizing Psychosocial Care Of Older Adults With Cancer: An Early Assessment And Intervention Model, Lora Rhodes, LCSW, Andrew Chapman, DO, FACP 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Optimizing Psychosocial Care Of Older Adults With Cancer: An Early Assessment And Intervention Model, Lora Rhodes, Lcsw, Andrew Chapman, Do, Facp

Department of Medical Oncology Posters

Background

Jefferson Multidisciplinary Senior Adult Oncology Center

History

  • Established September 2010
  • First multidisciplinary geriatric oncology evaluation center in the tristate area

Demographics

  • 890 patients evaluated to date
  • All tumor types
  • Age 70 and above & Pre-transplant (Bone Marrow) evaluation age 65 and above

Format

  • Consultative service
  • Two sessions weekly
  • Average evaluation time: two hours

Multidisciplinary Team

  • Navigator, Medical Oncologist, Geriatrician, Pharmacist, Nutritionist, Social Worker
  • As needed: Psychiatry, Rehab Medicine, Radiation Oncology, Surgery


Resilience, Acculturative Stress, And Family Norms Against Disclosure Of Mental Health Problems Among Foreign-Born Filipino American Women, Andrew Thomas Reyes, Reimund Serafica, Chad L. Cross, Rose E. Constantino, Rogelio A. Arenas 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Resilience, Acculturative Stress, And Family Norms Against Disclosure Of Mental Health Problems Among Foreign-Born Filipino American Women, Andrew Thomas Reyes, Reimund Serafica, Chad L. Cross, Rose E. Constantino, Rogelio A. Arenas

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

The present study explores the relationships between resilience, acculturative stress, and family norms against disclosure of mental health problems among foreign-born Filipino American women. The sample consisted of 159 foreign-born Filipino American women aged 18 years and above and residing in Las Vegas, Nevada, United States. Participants completed paper-and-pencil questionnaires. Results indicated high levels of resilience and moderate levels of acculturative stress. Findings also showed a significant negative correlation between resilience and acculturative stress, and a significant predictive effect of resilience on acculturative stress. We also found a significant negative relationship between resilience and family norms against disclosure of mental ...


Treating Comorbid Ptsd And Bpd: A Dialectical Approach, Meredith Pescatello 2018 Brigham Young University

Treating Comorbid Ptsd And Bpd: A Dialectical Approach, Meredith Pescatello

Intuition: The BYU Undergraduate Journal in Psychology

According to the Biosocial Developmental Model for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), individuals with a biological vulnerability (i.e., heightened emotional sensitivity and impulsive tendencies), plus an invalidating environment may develop BPD (Crowell, Beauchaine, & Linehan, 2009). Individuals with BPD are especially difficult to treat, because of their “extreme emotional, behavioral, and cognitive dysregulation” (Crowell, Beauchaine, & Linehan, 2009). Though challenging to treat, BPD can be successfully treated using Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) (Linehan, 1993; Linehan 2015). Similarly, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is complex and often burnout inducing to treat, because of the intensity of the emotional content related to traumatic events and high symptom severity including flashbacks, dissociation, and nightmares (Foa, 1993). PTSD can be adequately treated using exposure-based interventions, such as prolonged exposure (Foa, Chrestman, & Gilboa-Schechtman, 2009). However, when BPD is comorbid with PTSD, symptom severity is often heightened to ...


The Critical Need For Mental Health Education To Be Mandated In New Mexico's Public Schools, Bonnie L. Murphy 2018 University of New Mexico

The Critical Need For Mental Health Education To Be Mandated In New Mexico's Public Schools, Bonnie L. Murphy

Shared Knowledge Conference

Based on a review of research and best practices in mental health awareness and skills, this inquiry project argues for state legislative policies that would require mental health awareness and skills in the K-12 curriculum. Mental health affects individual accomplishments in every stage of people’s lives beginning in early childhood and throughout the life cycle. Prevention and treatment of mental illness plays a key role in the ability of an individual to cope with loss and develop resiliency and perseverance in challenging times and to make better decisions that improve the individual’s life and the lives of those ...


Initiating Patient Discussions About Oocyte Cryopreservation: Attitudes Of Obstetrics And Gynaecology Resident Physicians, Brennan Peterson, C. Gordon, Julia K. Boehm, M. C. Inhorn, P. Patrizio 2018 Chapman University

Initiating Patient Discussions About Oocyte Cryopreservation: Attitudes Of Obstetrics And Gynaecology Resident Physicians, Brennan Peterson, C. Gordon, Julia K. Boehm, M. C. Inhorn, P. Patrizio

Marriage and Family Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

This study examined the attitudes of obstetrics and gynaecology (OB/GYN) resident physicians to initiating patient discussions regarding medical and elective oocyte cryopreservation (OC). The study used a cross-sectional online survey of OB/GYN medical residents in the USA, sampled from residency programmes approved by the American Council for Graduate Medical Education. In total, 208 medical residents, distributed evenly between postgraduate years 1–4, participated in the study. Residents' fertility knowledge and attitudes to initiating discussions about OC were gathered. Forty percent (n = 83) believed that OB/GYN residents should initiate discussions about OC with patients (initiators), while 60% (n ...


Parental Gender Beliefs And Attitudes Involving Child’S Toy Play, Madeline Drives, Amelia Dubose, Melanie Gillespie, Taylor Maddox 2018 Georgia College and State University

Parental Gender Beliefs And Attitudes Involving Child’S Toy Play, Madeline Drives, Amelia Dubose, Melanie Gillespie, Taylor Maddox

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Parental Gender Beliefs and Attitudes Involving Child’s Toy Play

From birth, children acquire the first set of social and emotional skills from parents. Despite children are born with sex differences, their gender identities stem from early years of socialization. Development of gender identities has been a topic of interests over the years, with many findings suggesting parental gender beliefs play a huge role in forming our gender identities. A study showed the crucial roles parents play in gender development through involvement in organizing activities, providing or limiting access to specific toys, and providing feedback on children’s interests and ...


Harmful And Helpful Therapy Practices With Consensually Non-Monogamous Clients: Toward An Inclusive Framework, Heath A. Schechinger, John Kitchener Sakaluk, Amy C. Moors 2018 University of California, Berkeley

Harmful And Helpful Therapy Practices With Consensually Non-Monogamous Clients: Toward An Inclusive Framework, Heath A. Schechinger, John Kitchener Sakaluk, Amy C. Moors

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

Drawing on minority stress perspectives, we investigated the therapy experiences of individuals in consensually nonmonogamous (CNM) relationships. Method: We recruited a community sample of 249 individuals engaged in CNM relationships across the U.S. and Canada. Confirmatory factor analysis structural equation modeling was used to analyze client perceptions of therapist practices in a number of exemplary practices (affirming of CNM) or inappropriate practices (biased, inadequate, or not affirming of CNM), and their associations with evaluations of therapy. Open-end responses about what clients found very helpful and very unhelpful were also analyzed. Results: Exemplary and inappropriate practices constituted separate but related ...


Ethical Implications Of Treatment For Gender Dysphoria In Youth, Kelsey Hayes 2018 College of Our Lady of the Elms

Ethical Implications Of Treatment For Gender Dysphoria In Youth, Kelsey Hayes

Online Journal of Health Ethics

This manuscript explores ethical implications on treatment for youth with diagnosed gender dysphoria. The ethical considerations outlined and analyzed in this essay involve illuminating an understanding of whether the administration of pubertal suppression with GnRH agonists, and cross-sex hormones to children with gender dysphoria is morally justified as treatment to manage their psychological distress, or if safer more understood alternatives exist. This essay emphasizes that as health care professionals we must ensure youth with gender dysphoria receive adequate medical treatment and care however, this essay concludes through extensive literature review, that the use of inconclusive and under researched methods to ...


Involuntary Termination From Substance Use Disorder Treatment: Unknown Phantoms, Red Flags, And Unexplained Medical Data, Izaak L. Williams CSAC 2018 University of Hawaii System

Involuntary Termination From Substance Use Disorder Treatment: Unknown Phantoms, Red Flags, And Unexplained Medical Data, Izaak L. Williams Csac

Journal of Human Services: Training, Research, and Practice

In the United States, all treatment programs receiving public funds are required by law to regularly submit admission and discharge data, inclusive of the forced/involuntary termination or administrative discharge of clients, to their local state authorities. In some states, this requirement even extends to programs not receiving public funds. The aim of collecting discharge data—collected under the auspices of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Association [SAMHSA]—is to assist state and county authorities, funders, and accreditors to monitor recovery-focused program performance. However, investigation here undertaken shows that published discharge data from many state treatment settings are ...


Searching For Wisdom: A Phenomenological Investigation Of Womens' Perspectives Following Participation In An Ovarian Cancer Supportive Care Group, Helen Butlin 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Searching For Wisdom: A Phenomenological Investigation Of Womens' Perspectives Following Participation In An Ovarian Cancer Supportive Care Group, Helen Butlin

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study used a novel methodology of hermeneutic-poetic-phenomenology to explore perspectives of women living with ovarian cancer. Each had participated in a supportive care group process Soul-Medicine prior to volunteering. Three women, Beth, Carrie, and Denise contributed to this study. The methodology was grounded in Gaston Bachelard’s philosophy of poetic-phenomenology. Data was analyzed with attention to image-centred knowledge; material imagination; reverie; and horizons of hope to elucidate their implicated aspects of wisdom and the ways participant’s formed their personal wisdom integrating feminist theories of embodiment and bioethics.

Findings are framed through three images of a uniquely formed inner ...


Inviting Hallucinatory Percepts During Speech-Listening To Detect Cognitive Changes In Early Psychosis, Ana-Bianca Popa 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Inviting Hallucinatory Percepts During Speech-Listening To Detect Cognitive Changes In Early Psychosis, Ana-Bianca Popa

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Treatment outcomes for people with schizophrenia are more favourable if treatment starts early in the course of the disorder. Current detection methods lack specificity and do not make use of cognitive markers. We presented individuals experiencing a first episode of psychosis (FEP) and matched control participants with acoustically degraded meaningful and matched nonsense sentences to examine the degree to which people reported words that were not actually presented. Intrusion errors were counted when reported words were unrelated to words in the original sentence. Intelligibility (measured as words reported correctly) did not differ between groups but intrusion errors were more frequent ...


Engle-Friedman Studies Sleep And Sleep Deprivation, Aldemaro Romero Jr. 2018 City University of New York (CUNY)

Engle-Friedman Studies Sleep And Sleep Deprivation, Aldemaro Romero Jr.

Publications and Research

“Clinical psychology is about helping people with specific issues. I have worked on insomnia. Probably the most effective treatments for insomnia are non-drug related. I have worked with behavioral methods, and they have now become a standard clinical practice.” That is how Dr. Mindy Engle-Friedman explains what her work is all about.


Development And Validation Of A Weight Literacy Scale In English And Spanish, Monica L. Wang, Tariana V. Little, Christine F. Frisard, Amy Borg, Stephenie C. Lemon, Milagros C. Rosal 2018 Boston University

Development And Validation Of A Weight Literacy Scale In English And Spanish, Monica L. Wang, Tariana V. Little, Christine F. Frisard, Amy Borg, Stephenie C. Lemon, Milagros C. Rosal

Open Access Articles

OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a Weight Literacy Scale in English and Spanish for adults.

METHODS: The two-phase study utilized quantitative and qualitative methods. Phase 1 of the study consisted of developing an initial survey (English and Spanish versions) assessing weight literacy based on a review of the literature; conducting semi-structured interviews with content experts (N = 9) to refine survey items; and conducting in-person cognitive interviews with 20 study participants (N = 10 English-speaking and N = 10 Spanish-speaking adults) for survey pre-testing. Survey items were modified based on Phase 1 findings. Phase 2 consisted of a psychometric study of the Weight ...


Meeting The Intergenerational Needs Of Families Where A Parent Has A Mental Illness, Melinda Goodyear, Myfanwy McDonald, Henry von Doussa, Rose Cuff, Beth Dunlop 2018 School of Rural Health, Monash University and the Parenting Research Centre

Meeting The Intergenerational Needs Of Families Where A Parent Has A Mental Illness, Melinda Goodyear, Myfanwy Mcdonald, Henry Von Doussa, Rose Cuff, Beth Dunlop

Journal of Parent and Family Mental Health

Parental mental illness can have significant psychological, social and economic impacts on families. Because of the potential impact of a parent’s mental illness on children, it can also have an “intergenerational” impact. For example, children may develop a heightened awareness of their parent’s symptoms, become burdened with caring responsibilities and may even develop their own mental health conditions though a mix of genetic and environmental influences. It is important for services to address the intergenerational impacts of parental mental illness. This issue brief is about one program in Australia that may be able to meet the intergenerational needs ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress