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The Development Of A Portfolio For Academic Promotion And Tenure For Occupational Therapy Educators, David LeVan 2020 Gannon University, USA

The Development Of A Portfolio For Academic Promotion And Tenure For Occupational Therapy Educators, David Levan

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Advancement of occupational therapy educators is a significant achievement and important contribution to the American Occupational Therapy Association’s Vision 2025 and Centennial Vision. Successful promotion demands excellence and active engagement in faculty skill development, both of which are essential to student learning. The academic promotion and tenure process presents a new and unfamiliar expectation for entry-level and tenure-track occupational therapy educators. A multitude of institutional policies and procedures, formal and informal recommendations from administrators and colleagues, and lack of mentorship can make planning for academic promotion and tenure confusing and difficult. The purpose of this article is to provide ...


Occupational Therapy Student Readiness For Transition To The Fieldwork Environment: A Pilot Case Study, Pamela Karp 2020 New York Institute of Technology – USA

Occupational Therapy Student Readiness For Transition To The Fieldwork Environment: A Pilot Case Study, Pamela Karp

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

The classroom and the field represent diverse and unique teaching and learning environments that students are required to navigate successfully. Facilitating student success in these environments requires the efforts of educators and the students themselves. This qualitative pilot study sought to elucidate perspectives regarding student readiness from the viewpoint of occupational therapy academic and fieldwork educators. Data for the study was collected from interviews and a focus group. The results of the study revealed that academic and fieldwork educators value similar characteristics of student readiness for transition to fieldwork. However, there is a need for collaborative strategies between the academic ...


Clients’ Perspectives Of Spirituality In Occupational Therapy: A Retrospective Study, Barbara E. Milliken 2020 Cleveland State University, USA

Clients’ Perspectives Of Spirituality In Occupational Therapy: A Retrospective Study, Barbara E. Milliken

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: While occupational therapy (OT) identifies itself as a holistic profession, there is little guidance in the literature and in academia to assist practitioners in addressing spirituality. An assignment was developed to provide a platform for occupational therapy assistant students to explicitly screen for clients’ perspectives of spiritual occupations. This paper summarizes the client responses to that assignment.

Method: Occupational therapy assistant students in a Midwestern community college conducted a 5-question spirituality screening in the context of their Level I and Level II fieldwork placements. While this exercise began as a student assignment, the value of the client feedback was ...


Occupational Therapy In Integrated Primary Care: Addressing The Needs Of Individuals Experiencing Homelessness, Caitlin E. Synovec, MaryBeth Merryman, Josh Brusca 2020 Health Care for the Homeless – USA

Occupational Therapy In Integrated Primary Care: Addressing The Needs Of Individuals Experiencing Homelessness, Caitlin E. Synovec, Marybeth Merryman, Josh Brusca

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Current health care policy supports occupational therapy services with individuals experiencing homelessness in primary care settings. Research on the impact of interventions is needed to support this emerging practice area.

Method: A retrospective, descriptive study was completed following the initiation of full-time occupational therapy services in an integrated primary setting and Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) for clients experiencing homelessness. This study evaluated: (a) percentage of referred clients who engaged in ongoing intervention; (b) diagnostic demographics of those referred; (c) functional goal types and frequency; (d) a comparison of preintervention Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) scores with postintervention scores ...


Case Report: Optimizing Daily Function For People With Below-Elbow Limb Deficiency With The Softhand Pro, Amanda Theuer, Sasha Blue Godfrey, Kristin Zhao, Ryan Breighner, Manuel Catalano, Marco Santello, Antonio Bicchi, Karen L. Andrews 2020 Mayo Clinic, USA

Case Report: Optimizing Daily Function For People With Below-Elbow Limb Deficiency With The Softhand Pro, Amanda Theuer, Sasha Blue Godfrey, Kristin Zhao, Ryan Breighner, Manuel Catalano, Marco Santello, Antonio Bicchi, Karen L. Andrews

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Innovation in prosthetic devices for adults with upper limb loss is necessary to meet the demand for effective devices to optimize participation in daily activity. We evaluate the SoftHand Pro (SHP) as a terminal device to determine the application of this biologically-inspired prosthetic hand for use for a person with transradial limb deficiency.

Method: This case study describes and measures the first use of the SHP by an individual with transradial limb deficiency in their home environment. This paper reports the features and functionality of the SHP prototype and provides recommendations for changes to further optimize function.

Results: The ...


Concussion-Related Vision Disorder Practice Patterns In Occupational Therapy: A Survey, Alicia Reiser, Greta Bunin, Mitchell Scheiman 2020 Salus University – USA

Concussion-Related Vision Disorder Practice Patterns In Occupational Therapy: A Survey, Alicia Reiser, Greta Bunin, Mitchell Scheiman

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Occupational therapists are among the first providers to initiate care after a concussion; however, evidence is limited regarding current concussion-related vision disorder practice patterns. A better understanding of these practice patterns is important because of the impact of undetected and untreated vision problems on occupational performance.

Method: A mixed-methods survey was administered online to occupational therapists to explore the assessments and interventions used to address concussion-related vision disorders, occupational therapy’s perceived role, and difficulties encountered when treating these conditions.

Results: Of 23,910 occupational therapists invited to participate, 2,278 (10%) began the survey, and 1,187 (52 ...


Exploring Associations Between Health Literacy And Visual Impairment In Older Adults With Age-Related Macular Degeneration (Amd), Jennifer Fortuna 2020 Grand Valley State University, USA

Exploring Associations Between Health Literacy And Visual Impairment In Older Adults With Age-Related Macular Degeneration (Amd), Jennifer Fortuna

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of vision loss for Americans 65 years of age and older. Central vision loss makes reading challenging. Health literacy assessments that measure skills in basic literacy are often too demanding for people with AMD. The impact of central vision loss on functional health literacy has yet to be explored in the literature.

Methods: A between-subjects study design was employed to explore associations between functional health literacy and visual acuity in older adults with AMD. The Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (S-TOFHLA) was used to measure health literacy in ...


Transition In Occupations Of Refugees During Resettlement, Karen McCarthy, Jacqueline-Elizabeth Cantrell, Jennifer Daine, Kimberley Keagan Banuelos, Adam Chan 2020 Dominican University of California – USA

Transition In Occupations Of Refugees During Resettlement, Karen Mccarthy, Jacqueline-Elizabeth Cantrell, Jennifer Daine, Kimberley Keagan Banuelos, Adam Chan

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Human displacement is a social problem that has occupational implications. There is a significant gap in the research focusing on the refugee experience and the impact of this experience on their occupations as they transition to living in the US. This study seeks to capture the experience of refugees and the impact of this transition to the US on a broad array of occupations.

Method: This research is a qualitative study. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews with two participants who have legal status as refugees living in the US.

Results: Thematic analysis generated three themes: (a) contextual barriers ...


Applying The Model Of Human Occupation During The Pandemic Stay-At-Home Order, Tiffany T. Lin, Gail Fisher 2020 Guy’s and St. Thomas’s NHS Foundation Trust – United Kingdom

Applying The Model Of Human Occupation During The Pandemic Stay-At-Home Order, Tiffany T. Lin, Gail Fisher

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

No abstract provided.


Doing It Right: Ot Meeting Population Needs With Covid-19, Amanda Balser, Shirley P. O'Brien, Peggy Wittman 2020 Providence St. Patrick Hospital, USA

Doing It Right: Ot Meeting Population Needs With Covid-19, Amanda Balser, Shirley P. O'Brien, Peggy Wittman

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

No abstract provided.


Occupational Therapy In The Time Of Covid-19, Diane Powers Dirette 2020 Western Michigan University - USA

Occupational Therapy In The Time Of Covid-19, Diane Powers Dirette

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

No abstract provided.


A Call To Revisit And Address The Histories Of Bullying In Nursing Education, Zachary Daly, Kathy O'Flynn-Magee, Patricia Rodney 2020 University of British Columbia, Vancouver

A Call To Revisit And Address The Histories Of Bullying In Nursing Education, Zachary Daly, Kathy O'Flynn-Magee, Patricia Rodney

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

The issue of bullying in nursing, and particularly in nursing education has been examined in numerous contexts, both in Canada and elsewhere. In this paper, we reflect on the ongoing prevalence of bullying in nursing’s history, its impacts, and question why it has continued to be problematic in nursing and in nursing education. We argue that part of the issue is a reluctance to come to terms with bullying’s historical origins in nursing. While we note that discussions of the issue of bullying in nursing start to appear in the 1970s, and more dedicated discussions of bullying in ...


Digital Health In Canadian Schools Of Nursing—Part B: Academic Nurse Administrators’ Perspectives, Lynn M. Nagle, Manal Kleib, Karen Furlong 2020 University of New Brunswick

Digital Health In Canadian Schools Of Nursing—Part B: Academic Nurse Administrators’ Perspectives, Lynn M. Nagle, Manal Kleib, Karen Furlong

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

While much progress has been achieved in advancing nursing informatics capacity in Canada, more work is needed to keep pace with the 21st century technological revolution. Nursing programs and educators are at the forefront of this change, and are key to ensuring successful integration of digital health and informatics in nursing education and practice.

In 2018, a mixed methods study was conducted including a survey of nursing school administrators and nurse educators, telephone interviews, and one focus group meeting. The purpose of this research was to understand the current state of digital health and informatics content integration in nursing ...


Staying Ahead Of The Digital Technological Curve Using Survey Methods, Upinder Sarker, Sandra J. Davidson, Olive Yonge, Christy Raymond, Heather Kanuka, Colleen Norris 2020 University of Alberta

Staying Ahead Of The Digital Technological Curve Using Survey Methods, Upinder Sarker, Sandra J. Davidson, Olive Yonge, Christy Raymond, Heather Kanuka, Colleen Norris

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

In the early twentieth century, surveys were an innovative and neoteric methodology. Collected in-person or by mail, researchers could ascertain the thoughts and opinions of a small sample, which could then be applied to the general population. Almost one hundred years later, the use of surveys has become pervasive in society due to digital technological advancement. However, while the digital evolution has not only altered the possibilities of how, when, and where surveys may be administered, the threats to this methodology has also evolved. While issues related to previously known errors (i.e. sampling error, non-response error, etc.) remain and ...


Online Tea Cafés: Using Caring Science To Transform Digital Learning Spaces And Advance Nursing Leadership, Lisa Sara Goldberg, Les T. Johnson, Sandra F. Murphy 2020 Dalhousie University

Online Tea Cafés: Using Caring Science To Transform Digital Learning Spaces And Advance Nursing Leadership, Lisa Sara Goldberg, Les T. Johnson, Sandra F. Murphy

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Given the current trend toward online nursing education and the recent changes to teaching and learning modalities as a result of a global pandemic, developing a distance-learning pedagogy for students that seeks to explore the power of compassion in the digital world is both timely and necessary. Drawing on pedagogical strategies used in an online nursing course including asynchronous online discussions called Tea Cafés, the authors showcase how they advanced knowledge and understanding in relation to nursing leadership and professional formation. By underpinning the authors’ distance-learning pedagogy in caring science, students not only thrived, but created a strong sense of ...


Clinical Nurse Instructor Competencies: An Exploratory Study Of Role Requirements, Natalie A. Bownes, Michelle A. Freeman 2020 University of Windsor

Clinical Nurse Instructor Competencies: An Exploratory Study Of Role Requirements, Natalie A. Bownes, Michelle A. Freeman

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Background: Baccalaureate nursing education consists of theoretical and practical training that prepares students for the role of competent nursing care providers. The practical application of knowledge and skills is vital in nursing curricula worldwide. Nursing programs have changed over the last few decades and have become increasingly dependent on part-time Clinical Instructors (CIs) to teach the clinical components of the curricula. However, CIs receive minimal instruction to prepare for this complex role. It has been acknowledged in Canada that there is limited research to inform CI specific competencies.

Purpose: The purpose of this research was to conduct an exploratory study ...


An Evidence-Based Framework For Reporting Student Nurse Medication Incidents: Errors, Near Misses And Discovered Errors, Michelle A. Freeman, Susan Dennison, Natalie Giannotti, Mary J. Voutt-Goos 2020 University of Windsor

An Evidence-Based Framework For Reporting Student Nurse Medication Incidents: Errors, Near Misses And Discovered Errors, Michelle A. Freeman, Susan Dennison, Natalie Giannotti, Mary J. Voutt-Goos

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Purpose: To share an evidence-based framework for reporting and analysing three types of medication incidents in an undergraduate nursing program. Incident types include errors, near misses and discovered errors.

Background: Medication errors are underreported. Published studies on errors by nursing students indicate that although errors occur during clinical placements, there is a lack of consensus on how the factors that contributed to the errors are reported and analyzed. This limits our understanding of the factors that impact safe medication administration and reduces our ability to apply this knowledge to education and practice.

Method: Quality improvement project.

Results: Our reporting framework ...


Mentoring Graduate Students To Become Effective Teaching Assistants: Developing And Implementing A Student-Centred Program For Nursing, Genevieve M. Breau, Suzanne H. Campbell, Carla Hilario, Catherine L. Goldie, Jennifer N. Auxier, Bernie Garrett, Colleen Varcoe 2020 University of British Columbia

Mentoring Graduate Students To Become Effective Teaching Assistants: Developing And Implementing A Student-Centred Program For Nursing, Genevieve M. Breau, Suzanne H. Campbell, Carla Hilario, Catherine L. Goldie, Jennifer N. Auxier, Bernie Garrett, Colleen Varcoe

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Teaching in the health professions, including nursing, requires specialized educational strategies that meet the needs of the current generation of learners. Currently there is a shortage of experienced post-secondary educators in nursing, possibly exacerbated by inadequate Teaching Assistant (TA) professional development programs. Most literature describes TA professional development programs that involve undergraduate students employed as TAs, and few consider how programs can mentor graduate students to develop their instructional skills, contribute to courses, and enhance their careers. There are limited reports in the Canadian context. In this article we outline the rationale, development, and implementation of a Graduate Teaching Assistant ...


Evaluating Preceptor Perception Of Role Development And Support Initiatives In A Collaborative Bachelor Of Science In Nursing Program, Florence Loyce Luhanga, Sheri McCrystal, Elizabeth Domm 2020 University of Regina

Evaluating Preceptor Perception Of Role Development And Support Initiatives In A Collaborative Bachelor Of Science In Nursing Program, Florence Loyce Luhanga, Sheri Mccrystal, Elizabeth Domm

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Background: Nurse preceptors fulfill a vital role in the success of preceptorship experiences during clinical education of nursing students in their final year of study. Literature does not provide insight on preceptors’ perceptions about whether they feel supported in their knowledge about how to guide undergraduate nursing students in complex clinical learning environments.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore Saskatchewan preceptors’ perceptions of their role preparation/development and support, and make recommendations to enhance preceptors’ support to ensure quality learning for preceptored nursing students.

Methods: The sample comprised of registered nurses who were current or past preceptors ...


Antimicrobial Activity Of Silver Nanoparticles With Antibiotics Against Clinically Isolated Acinetobacter Baumannii, Pyman M. Mohamedsalih, dana sabir 2020 Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Charmo University, 46023 Chamchamal, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Antimicrobial Activity Of Silver Nanoparticles With Antibiotics Against Clinically Isolated Acinetobacter Baumannii, Pyman M. Mohamedsalih, Dana Sabir

Passer Journal

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are among the major healthcare problem worldwide and Acinetobacter baumannii is a leading threat among them. In this study, the combined effects of different antibiotics with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were assessed against the growth of a clinical isolate of A. baumannii. The bacterial strain was isolated from a hospitalized burned patient in Sulaimanyah- Iraq. Identification of the isolated bacterium was done based on the partial sequence of the 16S rRNA gene and phylogenetic analysis. The growth of the bacterium was totally inhibited by AgNPs at the concentration of (0.2 mg/ml). AgNPs treatment showed a partial synergistic ...


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