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204,388 full-text articles. Page 7549 of 7656.

Does Intra-Amniotic Inflammation Influence Pregnancy Outcome After Cerclage Orprogesterone (17ohp-C) Therapy For Midtrimester Short Cervix?, Orion Rust MD, Daniel Kiefer MD, Sean M. Keeler MD, Morgan R. Peltier PhD, Jolene C. Muscat MD, Nazeeh Hanna MD, Anthony M. Vintzileos MD, Cande V. Ananth PhD, MPH 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Does Intra-Amniotic Inflammation Influence Pregnancy Outcome After Cerclage Orprogesterone (17ohp-C) Therapy For Midtrimester Short Cervix?, Orion Rust Md, Daniel Kiefer Md, Sean M. Keeler Md, Morgan R. Peltier Phd, Jolene C. Muscat Md, Nazeeh Hanna Md, Anthony M. Vintzileos Md, Cande V. Ananth Phd, Mph

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology

No abstract provided.


Is Fetal Fibronectin (Ffn) A Markerof Intra-Amniotic Inflammation In Patients With Midtrimester Short Cervix?, Orion Rust MD, Daniel G. Kiefer MD, Sean M. Keeler MD, Michael Demishev MD, Jolene C. Muscat MD, Eran Bornstein MD, Nazeeh Hanna MD 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Is Fetal Fibronectin (Ffn) A Markerof Intra-Amniotic Inflammation In Patients With Midtrimester Short Cervix?, Orion Rust Md, Daniel G. Kiefer Md, Sean M. Keeler Md, Michael Demishev Md, Jolene C. Muscat Md, Eran Bornstein Md, Nazeeh Hanna Md

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology

No abstract provided.


Rare Diagnosis Of Vaginal Atresia In A Patient With Vater Syndrome And Primary Amenorrhea, Doreen Kyere MD, MPH, Rochelle Steiner-Friel MD, Sarah Stevens MD, MPH 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Rare Diagnosis Of Vaginal Atresia In A Patient With Vater Syndrome And Primary Amenorrhea, Doreen Kyere Md, Mph, Rochelle Steiner-Friel Md, Sarah Stevens Md, Mph

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology

No abstract provided.


Fas Behavioral Survey Of Traits: Screening For Effects Of Prenatal Exposure To Alcohol, Glena Andrews, C. Joe Robins 2010 George Fox University

Fas Behavioral Survey Of Traits: Screening For Effects Of Prenatal Exposure To Alcohol, Glena Andrews, C. Joe Robins

Faculty Publications - Grad School of Clinical Psychology

The FAS BeST was developed by parents and educators of children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome rating behaviors characteristic of FASD including; easily influenced by others, difficulty learning from experience, appearing and declaring innocence even when confronted with evidence to the contrary, and experiencing difficulties in other domains. The FAS BeST differentiates between children with PEA, dysgenesis of the corpus callosum (DCC), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; Porter & Andrews, 2004). The sample included 294 participants. Using the cutoff score suggested by Porter and Andrews (2004) the accuracy rates were 78% for FAS/E, 100% for controls, 85% for DCC, and ...


The Expression And Function Of Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1Α In Human Melanoma, Sandeep S. Joshi 2010 Marshall University

The Expression And Function Of Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1Α In Human Melanoma, Sandeep S. Joshi

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) protein, a key regulator of oxygen homeostasis, is stabilized under hypoxia and degraded under normal oxygen tension. Here, the human melanoma cells were found to express an elevated amount of HIF-1α mRNA and protein relative to normal human melanocytes under normoxic conditions. The amount of HIF-1α expressed is roughly correlated with the stage of melanoma from which the cell line was established. In addition, a splice variant mRNA of HIF-1α785 is expressed at higher levels than full-length HIF-1α mRNA in the more aggressive melanoma cells. This splice variant lacks part of the oxygen regulation domain. Ectopic ...


Modeling Super-Spreading Events For Sars, Thembinkosi P. Mkhatshwa 2010 Marshall University

Modeling Super-Spreading Events For Sars, Thembinkosi P. Mkhatshwa

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

One of the intriguing characteristics of the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemics was the occurrence of super spreading events (SSEs). Super-spreading events for a specific infectious disease occur when infected individuals infect more than the average number of secondary cases. The understanding of these SSEs is critical to under- standing the spread of SARS. In this thesis, we present a modification of the basic SIR (Susceptible - Infected - Removed) disease model, an SIPR (Susceptible - Regular Infected - Super-spreader - Removed) model, which captures the effect of the SSEs.


Antibiotic Sensitivity Patterns Of Hospital-Acquired And Community-Acquired Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, Iyad Kaddora 2010 Marshall University

Antibiotic Sensitivity Patterns Of Hospital-Acquired And Community-Acquired Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, Iyad Kaddora

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most dangerous human pathogens. An intensive effort to control resistant staphylococci, especially methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), is vital as it is the most common cause of hospitalacquired infections. During the one year study period, a total of 35 MRSA isolates were collected. Fifteen isolates were identified as hospital-acquired (HA) infections, and 20 isolates were determined to be community acquired (CA). All 15 (100%) HA-MRSA strains were resistant to clindamycin and to erythromycin. Thirteen isolates (87%) were resistant to ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin, and 12 (80%) were resistant to moxifloxacin. Of the 20 CA-MRSA isolates ...


Age- And Sex-Associated Changes In Mrna Expression Of Neurodegenerative Disorder-Related Molecules In The Hippocampus And Cerebellum Of Rat Brain, Srinivasarao Thulluri 2010 Marshall University

Age- And Sex-Associated Changes In Mrna Expression Of Neurodegenerative Disorder-Related Molecules In The Hippocampus And Cerebellum Of Rat Brain, Srinivasarao Thulluri

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Age-associated oxidative stress is involved in neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases, and sex-associated differences may also affect the risk for these neurodegenerative diseases. We compared the effects of aging and sex on the mRNA expression of five molecules that are closely related to oxidative stress, along with Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases in the hippocampus of both male and female Fischer 344xBrown Norway (F344BN) rats. The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to determine the mRNA expression level of superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), heme oxygenase 1 (HO1), amyloid precursor protein (APP), -site APP-cleaving ...


The Medicalization Of Hyperactivity And Inattentiveness : A Social History And Theoretical Perspectives On Adhd, Justin Douglas Brock 2010 Marshall University

The Medicalization Of Hyperactivity And Inattentiveness : A Social History And Theoretical Perspectives On Adhd, Justin Douglas Brock

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

This study investigates the rise of the Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder diagnosis. It approaches the topic from a medicalization perspective and frames it under the therapeutic state as proposed by Nicholas Kittrie in 1971. It asks three questions: how has society, and particularly, the medical community changed to allow the medicalization of hyperactivity and social control of active children? How has the continuing diagnosis of hyperactivity in children expanded to include attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in both children and adults? And what forces are behind the continuously inclusive diagnosis and why? In an attempt to answer these questions the history of ...


An Intervention To Prevent Symptoms Associated With Hepatitis C: A Pilot Study, Donna M. Zucker 2010 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

An Intervention To Prevent Symptoms Associated With Hepatitis C: A Pilot Study, Donna M. Zucker

College of Nursing Faculty Publication Series

The objectives of this study were to (a) pilot test instruments measuring fatigue and quality of life (QOL); (b) pilot test an exercise intervention; and (c) estimate the effect size of this intervention relative to completion of combination therapy, fatigue, QOL, and walking distance in 20 patients with chronic hepatitis C about to begin interferon alpha and ribavirin treatment. Alpha reliabilities for both the Schwartz Cancer Fatigue Scale and Hepatitis Quality of Life Questionnaire were moderately high. Power analyses of all outcome measures indicated a small effect size and sample size estimate of 30–40 per group to achieve power ...


Body Satisfaction And Self Esteem: A Qualitative Case Study Of A Female Collegiate Athlete With Eating Disorders, Shira Pope 2010 Ithaca College

Body Satisfaction And Self Esteem: A Qualitative Case Study Of A Female Collegiate Athlete With Eating Disorders, Shira Pope

Ithaca College Theses

Eating disorders are psychiatric disorders that affect individuals' nutritional, psychological, emotional, and interpersonal functioning and are characterized by abnormal and harmful eating patterns, as well as distortions in body size or shape (Petrie & Sherman, 1999). Studies have shown that women, college students in particular, have a high prevalence of eating disorders (American Psychiatric Association, 1994; Hausenblas & McNally, 2004; Mintz & Betz,1988). ln the college community, a population of focus is female athletes. The prevalence of eating disorders in this population has been examined thoroughly (Burckes-Miller & Black, 1988a; Smolak, Murnen, & Ruble, 2000). A meta-analysis by Hausenblas and Carron (1999) found female athletes to report more anorexic and bulimic symptoms than non-athletes, especially within lean sports (e.g.,.figure skating and gymnastics). Research has also shown that sociocultural factors (i.e., family, teammates, coaches, and media) can impact female athletes with eating disorders (Sherman & Thompson, 2001). However, there has been limited research investigating the personality factors (i.e., body satisfaction and self-esteem) of female athletes (Pritchard, Milligan, Elgin, Rush, & Shea, 2007). The purpose of this study was to identify the impact of eating disorder behaviors on a female collegiate athlete's body satisfaction and self-esteem. One female student athlete was interviewed twice, using a semi-structured interview format, to identify the influence of her eating disorder behaviors on her body satisfaction and self-esteem. The interviews were analyzed and higher-order themes were identified. Six themes emerged: 1) Eating behaviors were a way to control her life; 2) Eating behaviors lead to a negative self-perception; 3) Conflict with family developed due to eating behaviors; 4) Eating behaviors caused for poor performance in sport; 5) Eating behaviors generated self isolation causing self-loathing and internal discord; and 6) Self-perceived coping strategies enhanced her lifestyle. Each theme was discussed in relation to the existing literature.


Differential Effects Of Out-Of-Home Day Care In Improving Child Nutrition And Augmenting Maternal Income Among Those With And Without Childcare Support: A Prospective Before–After Comparison Study In Pokhara, Nepal, Shinji Nakahara, Krishna Poudel, Milan Lopchan, Om Raj Poudel, Kalpana Poudel-Tandukar, Masao Ichikawa 2010 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Differential Effects Of Out-Of-Home Day Care In Improving Child Nutrition And Augmenting Maternal Income Among Those With And Without Childcare Support: A Prospective Before–After Comparison Study In Pokhara, Nepal, Shinji Nakahara, Krishna Poudel, Milan Lopchan, Om Raj Poudel, Kalpana Poudel-Tandukar, Masao Ichikawa

College of Nursing Faculty Publication Series

Objectives: We examined (1) whether attending out-of-home day care centres (DCCs) has differential effects on improvement of child nutrition and facilitation of maternal employment depending on availability of non-institutionalised childcare support and (2) whether attendance increases infectious diseases. Methods: In a prospective before–after comparison study at public DCCs in Pokhara, Nepal, we compared weight-for-age Z-score (WAZ) and height-for-age Z-score (HAZ) among children attending DCCs between at admission, after 6 months, and after 1 year and determined differential changes in these measures between those with and without appropriate childcare support. We used repeated measures analysis of variance with interaction terms ...


Point Of Origin And Mortality When An Elderly Person Is Diagnosed With Sepsis, Monica Chamberlain 2010 Southern Adventist University

Point Of Origin And Mortality When An Elderly Person Is Diagnosed With Sepsis, Monica Chamberlain

Graduate Research Projects

No abstract provided.


Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 59, Number 1, Winter 2010, 2010 Thomas Jefferson University

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 59, Number 1, Winter 2010

The Bulletin (formerly the Jefferson Medical College Alumni Bulletin)

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 59, Number 1, Winter 2010

Dean's Message, page 2

Findings: Study Targets Scourge of U.S. Military, page 4

The Rewards and Challenges of Translational Medicine: The Patient-Centered Medical Home, page 6

Beyond the Office Visit: Jefferson Focuses on Advocacy, page 12

Eakins Scholar Follows Her Own Path, page 16

Jefferson Faculty Compile First Medical Professionalism Textbook, page 18

Faculty Profile: Karen Knudsen: Piecing Together the Prostate Cancer Puzzle, page 20

On Campus, page 22

Class Notes, page 28

In Memoriam, page 34

By the Numbers, page 37


Jefferson Review - Winter 2010, 2010 Thomas Jefferson University

Jefferson Review - Winter 2010

Jefferson Review

Content

Features

  • 4 - A Capital Idea: Jefferson Community Takes a Stand
  • 8 - Burn Camp Crosses Border into Israel
  • 20 - OTD Grads Find Approach Meaningful

On Campus

  • 12 - School of Health Professions
  • 14 - School of Nursing
  • 16 - School of Pharmacy
  • 17 - School of Population Health
  • 22 - Class Notes
  • 24 - Commencement 2009


Scholars Day Program Of Events 2010, Carl Goodson Honors Program 2010 Ouachita Baptist University

Scholars Day Program Of Events 2010, Carl Goodson Honors Program

Scholars Day

No abstract provided.


The Use Of Paraphrasing In Investigative Interviews, Angela Evans, Kim P. Roberts, Heather L. Price, Candyce P. Stefek 2010 Unversity of Toronto

The Use Of Paraphrasing In Investigative Interviews, Angela Evans, Kim P. Roberts, Heather L. Price, Candyce P. Stefek

Psychology Faculty Publications

Objective

Young children’s descriptions of maltreatment are often sparse thus creating the need for techniques that elicit lengthier accounts. One technique that can be used by interviewers in an attempt to increase children’s reports is ‘paraphrasing’, or repeating information children have disclosed. Although we currently have a general understanding of how paraphrasing may influence children’s reports, we do not have a clear description of how paraphrasing is actually used in the field.

Method

The present study assessed the use of paraphrasing in 125 interviews of children aged 4 to 16 years conducted by police officers and social ...


Mental Context Reinstatement Reduces Resistance To False Suggestions After Children Have Experienced A Repeated Event, Donna M. Jennings, Kim P. Roberts, Martine B. Powell 2010 Wilfrid Laurier University

Mental Context Reinstatement Reduces Resistance To False Suggestions After Children Have Experienced A Repeated Event, Donna M. Jennings, Kim P. Roberts, Martine B. Powell

Psychology Faculty Publications

When children allege repeated abuse, they are required to provide details about specific instances. This often results in children confusing details from different instances and so we examined whether ‘mental context reinstatement’ (MCR) could be used to improve children’s accuracy. Children (N = 120, 6-7-year olds) participated in 4 activities over a 2-week period and were interviewed about the last (4th) time with a standard recall or mental context reinstatement interview. They were then asked questions about specific details, and some questions contained false information. When interviewed again a day later, children in the MCR condition resisted false suggestions ...


Reality-Monitoring Characteristics In Confirmed And Doubtful Allegations Of Abuse, Kim P. Roberts, Michael E. Lamb 2010 Wilfrid Laurier University

Reality-Monitoring Characteristics In Confirmed And Doubtful Allegations Of Abuse, Kim P. Roberts, Michael E. Lamb

Psychology Faculty Publications

According to reality-monitoring theory, memories of experienced and imagined events are qualitatively different, and can be distinguished by children from the age of 3. Across three studies, a total of 119 allegations of sexual abuse by younger (aged 3-8) and older (aged 9-16) children were analyzed for developmental differences in the presence of reality-monitoring criteria, which should characterise descriptions of experienced events. Statements were deemed likely or unlikely to be descriptions of actual incidents using independent case information (e.g., medical evidence). Accounts by older children consistently contained more reality-monitoring criteria than those provided by younger children, and age differences ...


Multiple Instances Of Vocal Sensorimotor Adaptation To Frequency-Altered Feedback Within A Single Experimental Session, Colin S. Hawco, Jeffery A. Jones 2010 Wilfrid Laurier University

Multiple Instances Of Vocal Sensorimotor Adaptation To Frequency-Altered Feedback Within A Single Experimental Session, Colin S. Hawco, Jeffery A. Jones

Psychology Faculty Publications

Vocal sensory-motor adaptation is typically studied by introducing a prolonged change in auditory feedback. While it may be preferable to perform multiple blocks of adaptation within a single experiment, it is possible that a carry-over effect from previous blocks of adaptation may affect the results of subsequent blocks. Speakers were asked to vocalize an /a/ sound and match a target note during ten adaptation blocks. Each block represented a unique combination of target note and shift direction. The adaptation response was found to be similar for all blocks, indicating that there were no carry-over effects from previous blocks of adaptation.


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