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Rational Decision Making In Primates: The Bounded And The Ecological, Jeffrey R. Stevens 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Rational Decision Making In Primates: The Bounded And The Ecological, Jeffrey R. Stevens

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

Primates constantly face decisions that influence their survival and reproduction. Continue foraging in this tree or move on to another? Expose oneself to a hidden predator by straying from the group or enjoy the safety of having other potential victims nearby? Defend one’s territory from invaders or abandon it and seek a new home? In all of these cases, primates must trade off the costs and benefits associated with uncertain and delayed decision outcomes. The outcomes of these choices influence survival and reproduction, and natural selection should favor those individuals whose choices lead to the propagation of their genes ...


Are All Perpetrators Alike? Comparing Risk Factors For Sexual Coercion And Aggression, Sarah DeGue, David K. DiLillo, Mario J. Scalora 2010 United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Are All Perpetrators Alike? Comparing Risk Factors For Sexual Coercion And Aggression, Sarah Degue, David K. Dilillo, Mario J. Scalora

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

The present study developed and contrasted predictive models of male nonphysical sexual coercion (e.g., verbal pressure or manipulation) and physical sexual aggression (e.g., incapacitation, physical force, or threats) using a sample of 369 incarcerated males to identify shared and unique risk factors for each form of sexual perpetration. Results revealed a set of shared risk characteristics that predisposed individuals to both sexual coercion and aggression (i.e., belief in rape myths, sexual promiscuity, aggressive tendencies, and empathic deficits). In addition, findings indicated that whether the offenders engaged in only sexual coercion or also used more violent sexually aggressive ...


Physical, Psychological, And Sexual Intimate Partner Aggression Among Newlywed Couples: Longitudinal Prediction Of Marital Satisfaction, Jillian Panuzio, David K. DiLillo 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Physical, Psychological, And Sexual Intimate Partner Aggression Among Newlywed Couples: Longitudinal Prediction Of Marital Satisfaction, Jillian Panuzio, David K. Dilillo

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

This study examined associations between physical, psychological, and sexual intimate partner aggression (IPA) perpetration during the first year of marriage (T1) and victim marital satisfaction one (T2) and two (T3) years later among a sample of 202 newlywed couples. Prevalence rates of all forms of IPA were consistent with those documented in prior research. Higher levels of all types of IPA generally were associated with lower victim marital satisfaction at all time points, when controlling for initial levels of satisfaction. Couples who reported severe bidirectional psychological IPA demonstrated lower husband and wife marital satisfaction at T2 and lower husband satisfaction ...


Development And Initial Psychometric Properties Of The Computer Assisted Maltreatment Inventory (Cami): A Comprehensive Self-Report Measure Of Child Maltreatment History, David K. DiLillo, Sarah A. Hayes-Skelton, Michelle A. Fortier, Andrea R. Perry, Sarah E. Evans, Terri L. Messman Moore, Kate Walsh, Cindy Nash, Angèle Fauchier 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Development And Initial Psychometric Properties Of The Computer Assisted Maltreatment Inventory (Cami): A Comprehensive Self-Report Measure Of Child Maltreatment History, David K. Dilillo, Sarah A. Hayes-Skelton, Michelle A. Fortier, Andrea R. Perry, Sarah E. Evans, Terri L. Messman Moore, Kate Walsh, Cindy Nash, Angèle Fauchier

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

Objectives: The present study reports on the development and initial psychometric properties of the Computer Assisted Maltreatment Inventory (CAMI), a web-based self-report measure of child maltreatment history, including sexual and physical abuse, exposure to interparental violence, psychological abuse, and neglect.

Methods: The CAMI was administered to a geographically diverse sample of college students (N= 1,398). For validation purposes, participants also completed a widely used measure of maltreatment (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire) as well as measures of social desirability. To examine test–retest reliability, a subset of participants (n = 283) completed the CAMI a second time 2–4 weeks after the ...


Emotion Dysregulation And Risky Sexual Behavior In Revictimization, Terri L. Messman-Moore, Kate L. Walsh, David K. DiLillo 2010 Miami University - Oxford

Emotion Dysregulation And Risky Sexual Behavior In Revictimization, Terri L. Messman-Moore, Kate L. Walsh, David K. Dilillo

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

Objective: The current study examined emotion dysregulation as a mechanism underlying risky sexual behavior and sexual revictimization among adult victims of child sexual abuse (CSA) and child physical abuse (CPA).

Methods: Participants were 752 college women. Victimization history, emotion dysregulation, and risky sexual behavior were assessed with anonymous, self-report surveys utilizing a cross-sectional design.

Results: Approximately 6.3% of participants reported CSA, 25.5% reported CPA, and 17.8% reported rape during adolescence or adulthood. CSA and CPA were associated with increased risk for adolescent/adult rape; 29.8% of CSA victims and 24.3% of CPA victims were revictimized ...


Distinct Neural Mechanisms Underlying Acute And Repeated Administration Of Antipsychotic Drugs In Rat Avoidance Conditioning, Ming Li, Tao Sun, Chen Zhang, Gang Hu 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Distinct Neural Mechanisms Underlying Acute And Repeated Administration Of Antipsychotic Drugs In Rat Avoidance Conditioning, Ming Li, Tao Sun, Chen Zhang, Gang Hu

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

Rationale — Acute antipsychotic treatment disrupts conditioned avoidance responding, and repeated treatment induces a sensitization- or tolerance-like effect. However, the neurochemical mechanisms underlying both acute and repeated antipsychotic effects remain to be determined.

Objective — The present study examined the neuroreceptor mechanisms of haloperidol, clozapine, and olanzapine effect in a rat two-way conditioned avoidance model.

Methods — Well-trained Sprague–Dawley rats were administered with haloperidol (0.05 mg/kg, sc), clozapine (10.0 mg/ kg, sc), or olanzapine (1.0 mg/kg, sc) together with either saline, quinpirole (a selective dopamine D2/3 agonist, 1.0 mg/ kg, sc), or 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo-amphetamine (DOI ...


Description And Validation Of A Dynamical Systems Model Of Presynaptic Serotonin Function: Genetic Variation, Brain Activation And Impulsivity, Scott F. Stoltenberg, Parthasarathi Nag 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Description And Validation Of A Dynamical Systems Model Of Presynaptic Serotonin Function: Genetic Variation, Brain Activation And Impulsivity, Scott F. Stoltenberg, Parthasarathi Nag

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

Despite more than a decade of empirical work on the role of genetic polymorphisms in the serotonin system on behavior, the details across levels of analysis are not well understood. We describe a mathematical model of the genetic control of presynaptic serotonergic function that is based on control theory, implemented using systems of differential equations, and focused on better characterizing pathways from genes to behavior. We present the results of model validation tests that include the comparison of simulation outcomes with empirical data on genetic effects on brain response to affective stimuli and on impulsivity. Patterns of simulated neural firing ...


Developing And Implementing The Massachusetts Comprehensive Cancer Control Coalition Survivorship Summit, Stephenie C. Lemon, Marianne N. Prout, Junaidah B. Barnett, Maureen Sullivan Flynn 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Developing And Implementing The Massachusetts Comprehensive Cancer Control Coalition Survivorship Summit, Stephenie C. Lemon, Marianne N. Prout, Junaidah B. Barnett, Maureen Sullivan Flynn

Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications

Cancer survivors face numerous medical and psychosocial challenges, which the medical and public health systems are ill-equipped to deal with. In May 2008, the Massachusetts Comprehensive Cancer Control Coalition conducted a Survivorship Summit to elicit input from cancer survivors and professionals on developing system-level action plans for cancer survivorship issues. We describe how health care and public health professionals can implement similar events. Our results suggest that a cancer survivorship summit can be a valuable tool for cancer coalitions and advocacy organizations in determining survivorship agendas and action plans.


High-Density Screening Reveals A Different Spectrum Of Genomic Aberrations In Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Patients With ‘Stereotyped’ Ighv3-21 And Ighv4-34 B-Cell Receptors, Millaray Marincevic, Nicola Cahill, Rebeqa Gunnarsson, Anders Isaksson, Mahmoud Mansouri, Hanna Göransson, Markus Rasmussen, Mattias Jansson, Fergus Ryan, Karin Karlsson, Hans-Olov Adami, Fred Davi, Jesper Jurlander, Gunnar Juliusson, Kostas Stamatopoulos, Richard Rosenquist 2010 Uppsala Universitet

High-Density Screening Reveals A Different Spectrum Of Genomic Aberrations In Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Patients With ‘Stereotyped’ Ighv3-21 And Ighv4-34 B-Cell Receptors, Millaray Marincevic, Nicola Cahill, Rebeqa Gunnarsson, Anders Isaksson, Mahmoud Mansouri, Hanna Göransson, Markus Rasmussen, Mattias Jansson, Fergus Ryan, Karin Karlsson, Hans-Olov Adami, Fred Davi, Jesper Jurlander, Gunnar Juliusson, Kostas Stamatopoulos, Richard Rosenquist

Articles

Background The existence of multiple subsets of chronic lymphocytic leukemia expressing ‘stereotyped’ Bcell receptors implies the involvement of antigen(s) in leukemogenesis. Studies also indicate that ‘stereotypy’ may influence the clinical course of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, for example, in subsets with stereotyped IGHV3-21 and IGHV4-34 B-cell receptors; however, little is known regarding the genomic profile of patients in these subsets. Design and Methods We applied 250K single nucleotide polymorphism-arrays to study copy-number aberrations and copy-number neutral loss-of-heterozygosity in patients with stereotyped IGHV3-21 (subset #2, n=29), stereotyped IGHV4-34 (subset #4, n=17; subset #16, n=8) and non-subset ...


Molecular Characterization Of Ductal Carcinoma In Situ: Pilot Studies, Neil Bipinchandra Desai 2010 Yale University

Molecular Characterization Of Ductal Carcinoma In Situ: Pilot Studies, Neil Bipinchandra Desai

Yale Medicine Thesis Digital Library

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS); is thought directly to precede invasive breast cancer (IBC). Screening mammography has driven the incidence of this key precursor lesion to >65,000 cases per year. However, little is known about the factors controlling the natural history or risk for recurrence following treatment of a particular patients DCIS. Though the heterogeneity of the disease is well established, no histologic or demographic criteria have been able to stratify DCIS for treatment. We hypothesize that at initial diagnosis there exist biologically distinct subsets of DCIS with associated prognoses that may be recognized by molecular markers. Molecular approaches ...


A Lesson From Iran: Improving Rural Primary Health Care In The United States, Navid Shams 2010 New York Medical College

A Lesson From Iran: Improving Rural Primary Health Care In The United States, Navid Shams

Quill & Scope

In 1979, about a third of Iran’s population was living in rural areas that were mostly out of contact with health services. In the times of change that followed the revolution, primitive infrastructure and lack of resources challenged the development of a rural primary health care program. Successful implementa- tion of novel techniques, such as the use of front line health workers, led to political commitment, the program’s expansion, and much improved health status indicators. The program is now considered the foremost example among rural primary care systems. Consequently, Iranian experts have recently begun aiding in the development ...


Medamorphosis, Andrei Kreutzberg 2010 New York Medical College

Medamorphosis, Andrei Kreutzberg

Quill & Scope

No abstract provided.


Sitting Down With Dr. John Weg: Pulmonary Medicine Pioneer, Jenny Lam, Edward Hurley 2010 New York Medical College

Sitting Down With Dr. John Weg: Pulmonary Medicine Pioneer, Jenny Lam, Edward Hurley

Quill & Scope

Recently, the Quill & Scope’s Jenny Lam and Edward Hurley spoke with pulmonary medicine pioneer Dr. John Weg, Class of 1959, about his career, medicine in general and his time at New York Medical College.


The Public Health Impacts Of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations On Local Communities, Michael Greger, Gowri Koneswaran 2010 The Humane Society of the United States

The Public Health Impacts Of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations On Local Communities, Michael Greger, Gowri Koneswaran

Environment Collection

Large-scale farm animal production facilities, also known as concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs), release a significant amount of contaminants into the air and water. Adverse health effects related to exposure to these contaminants among CAFO workers have been welldocumented; however, less is known about their impact on the health of residents in nearby communities. Epidemiological research in this area suggests that neighboring residents are at increased risk of developing neurobehavioral symptoms and respiratory illnesses, including asthma. Additional research is needed to better understand community-scale exposures and health outcomes related to the management practices and emissions of CAFOs.


About Turkeys, The Humane Society of the United States 2010 Animal Studies Repository

About Turkeys, The Humane Society Of The United States

Agribusiness Collection

John James Audubon, a well-known bird expert and nature enthusiast, described wild turkeys as birds of great beauty. The history and origin of wild turkeys is uncertain, yet many share Audubon’s sentiment that the wild turkey is “one of the most interesting of the birds indigenous to the United States of America.” Today, wild turkeys can be found throughout the nation. Following the selection of the bald eagle as the American symbol, Benjamin Franklin remarked that the turkey was more “respectable”, and a “true original native”.


About Chickens, The Humane Society of the United States 2010 Animal Studies Repository

About Chickens, The Humane Society Of The United States

Agribusiness Collection

The chicken is the world’s most numerous domesticated bird, with over 52 billion farmed worldwide in 2008, rivaling the dog as the most ubiquitous domestic animal globally. These birds have fascinated scholars and researchers since the dawn of Western civilization, and recent studies are beginning to reveal the depths of their complexity and cognitive ability. According to Andrew F. Fraser, professor of veterinary surgery at Memorial University of Newfoundland, and Donald M. Broom, professor of animal welfare at University of Cambridge: “Those who have studied the behaviour of the domestic fowl in detail…, especially those who have looked at ...


Toward Genuine Rodent Welfare: Response To Reviewer Comments, Jonathan P. Balcombe 2010 Independent Scientist and Author

Toward Genuine Rodent Welfare: Response To Reviewer Comments, Jonathan P. Balcombe

Laboratory Experiments Collection

I’m grateful to the editors for soliciting critiques of my commentary and for the opportunity to respond. Because one of the respondents (Patterson-Kane, 2010/this issue) does not take issue with the main points of my article, whereas the other (Blanchard, 2010/this issue) does, I focus my remarks here mostly on Blanchard’s critique.


Chronic Depression: Responses To Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation And Considerations Of A Developmental Construction Of Self, Jasmina Markovski 2010 Australian Catholic University

Chronic Depression: Responses To Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation And Considerations Of A Developmental Construction Of Self, Jasmina Markovski

Theses

There are two components to this thesis, one applied and one theoretical: (1) to investigate whether treatment response to Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) can be predicted by depressive subtypes and (2) to explore the contribution of personality to chronic depression. Participants were 67 adults volunteering for clinical trials of TMS. In the first component individuals were separated into two groups, melancholic and non-melancholic. Both groups showed a significant reduction in their depressive symptomatology following treatment. Individuals had also been administered a measure for Depressive Personality Disorder (DPD). When the individuals were classified based on DPD groups, both those with a ...


Adapting To Aging In Place: An Assessment Of Residential Living Facility Resident's Frequency Of Physical Activty, Maggie L. Roe 2010 Western Kentucky University

Adapting To Aging In Place: An Assessment Of Residential Living Facility Resident's Frequency Of Physical Activty, Maggie L. Roe

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Village Manor is medium sized independent retirement community in rural Kentucky. When the community was built in 1995, designers did not anticipate residents’ long term physical activity needs. In order to meet the needs of current and future residents, both resident physical activity levels and their expectations were examined. The Physical Activity Scale for Elderly (PASE) was administered (n = 23) to develop a profile of current physical activity. One focus group was held to develop themes relating to residents’ current physical activity program desires. Results showed that compared to the theoretical physical activity recommendations for this age group (mean age ...


Youth In India: Situation And Needs 2006-2007—Executive Summary, Andhra Pradesh, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Population Council 2010 Population Council

Youth In India: Situation And Needs 2006-2007—Executive Summary, Andhra Pradesh, International Institute For Population Sciences (Iips), Population Council

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

This study, implemented by the International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai and the Population Council, New Delhi is the first-ever subnationally representative study conducted to identify key transitions experienced by married and unmarried youth in India. In recognition of the importance of investing in young people, several national policies and programs formulated since 2000 have underscored a commitment to addressing the multiple needs of this group in India. Effective implementation of policies and programs, however, has been handicapped by lack of evidence on young people’s situation and needs. This study focused on married and unmarried young women and unmarried ...


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