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Vocabulary Acquisition Of Bilingual Students Through The Implementation Of Dialogic Shared Storybook Reading Techniques, Samantha Kamille Ariaz 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Vocabulary Acquisition Of Bilingual Students Through The Implementation Of Dialogic Shared Storybook Reading Techniques, Samantha Kamille Ariaz

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Children who are learning English as a second language and whose caregivers speak only Spanish were chosen to participate in the study. Parents were trained using Dialogic Shared Storybook Reading (DSSR) techniques (Whitehurst, 1988). The study was a single subject multiple baseline design across behaviors. Reading conditions were counterbalanced to control for acquisition of new vocabulary. There were a total of five participants, three children and two mothers (n=5). The participants were separated into two families. Each family was exposed to three reading book conditions while the parents implemented the specified techniques: 1. Shared reading with an electronic, bilingual ...


Parent Report Of Home Literacy Experiences In Children With And Without Speech And Language Impairments, Amanda Blair Grace 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Parent Report Of Home Literacy Experiences In Children With And Without Speech And Language Impairments, Amanda Blair Grace

LSU Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to evaluate caregivers’ perceptions of their children’s literacy experiences and determine if their perceptions differed as a function of whether their children presented with speech and language impairment or with typical language development. Participants were caregivers of children, between the ages of 24 and 54 months. Eleven children presented with speech and language impairments (S/LI) and 14 children presented with typically developing (TD) language. Caregivers’ perceptions about early home literacy experiences were collected through a questionnaire. Results showed that there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups of caregivers’ responses ...


In Vivo And In Vitro Pathogenesis Of Francisella Asiatica In Tilapia Nilotica (Oreochromis Niloticus), Esteban Soto 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

In Vivo And In Vitro Pathogenesis Of Francisella Asiatica In Tilapia Nilotica (Oreochromis Niloticus), Esteban Soto

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Francisella asiatica is a Gram negative, facultative intracellular pathogen that causes fish francisellosis. In this project, homologues to the F. tularensis iglABCD genes were found present in F. asiatica. As few as 23 F. asiatica bacteria injected in the peritoneum were found capable of causing mortalities in tilapia nilotica (Oreochromis niloticus), and even fewer were enough to cause pathological changes. We examined the in vivo and in vitro interaction of F. asiatica wild type (WT) and a ÄiglC strain with tilapia and tilapia head kidney derived macrophages (HKDM). The ÄiglC was found to be attenuated following intraperitoneal and immersion challenges ...


In Vitro And In Vivo Evaluation Of A Brucella Putative Hemagglutinin, Lauren E. Duhon 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

In Vitro And In Vivo Evaluation Of A Brucella Putative Hemagglutinin, Lauren E. Duhon

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Brucellosis, a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella spp., presents both health and economic difficulties for livestock, wildlife, and humans. While brucellosis is nearly eradicated in the United States, the disease remains detrimental in many countries worldwide. Attempts to produce a safe and effective small ruminant vaccine have been met with limited success. The current vaccine for bovine brucellosis in the United States is B. abortus RB51. This strain transiently colonizes the host and induces a cell-mediated immune response. Levels of protection have not been demonstrated in goats and thus it is considered a relatively poor caprine vaccine that probably does ...


Role Of Gastrointestinal Multidrug Resistance (Mdr1) Gene And P-Glycoprotein (P-Gp) In The Oral Absorption Of Methadone In Horses, Renata Lehn Linardi 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Role Of Gastrointestinal Multidrug Resistance (Mdr1) Gene And P-Glycoprotein (P-Gp) In The Oral Absorption Of Methadone In Horses, Renata Lehn Linardi

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Methadone is a mu-opioid receptor agonist which is a very effective analgesic used to treat moderate to severe acute and chronic pain in humans. Due to methadone’s minimal undesirable side-effects in people, we believed it could be of use in horses as an analgesic agent. As found with the majority of lipophilic drugs, absorption of methadone occurs primarily in the small intestine via transcellular transport and its absorption is regulated by P-glycoprotein. P-glycoprotein is a transmembrane transporter protein encoded by the multidrug resistance gene, which is constitutively expressed in the apical membrane of enterocytes of various species. This protein ...


Behaviors And Beliefs Of African American Caregivers As Related To Their Children's Language-Literacy Development, Lekeitha Renee' Morris 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Behaviors And Beliefs Of African American Caregivers As Related To Their Children's Language-Literacy Development, Lekeitha Renee' Morris

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This study examined African American (AA) caregivers’ beliefs about their children’s language-literacy development and their book reading behaviors with their children as a function of socioeconomic status (SES). Caregivers’ behaviors were examined before, during, and after a three-day caregiver training program that targeted four behaviors (i.e., tracking print, reference to print, text to life, and interpretations). Participants were 20 caregiver-child dyads classified as Low-SES (LSES) or Middle-SES (MSES) based on the caregivers’ level of education. Children were typically developing girls between the ages of four and five years. At pre-test, the two groups of caregivers differed in some ...


The Auxiliary System Of Typically Developing Children Acquiring African American English, Brandi Lynette Newkirk 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Auxiliary System Of Typically Developing Children Acquiring African American English, Brandi Lynette Newkirk

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This study’s purpose was to examine the acquisition and use of BE, DO, and modal auxiliaries by African American English (AAE)-speaking children. The impetus for this work was the lack of information regarding the developmental trajectory of these auxiliary types and their use, in AAE relative to what is known about auxiliary acquisition and use in Mainstream American English (MAE). The study used two datasets of language samples: one that contained 48 language samples from 3 ½-year-old children and one that contained 36 longitudinal language samples of five children who were between 18 and 51 months of age ...


The Roles Of Transcription Factors In Nucleotide Excision Repair In Yeast, Baojin Ding 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Roles Of Transcription Factors In Nucleotide Excision Repair In Yeast, Baojin Ding

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is a conserved DNA repair mechanism capable of removing a variety of helix-distorting lesions, such as UV-induced cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs). NER can be grouped into two pathways: global genomic NER (GGR), which refers to repair throughout the genome, and transcription coupled NER (TCR), which refers to a repair mechanism that is dedicated to the transcribed strand (TS) of actively transcribed genes. In yeast S. cerevisiae, Rad7, Rad16, and Elc1 are specifically required for GGR. TCR is believed to be initiated by RNA polymerase II (Pol II) stalled at a lesion in the TS of a ...


Vocal Warm-Up Practices And Perceptions In Vocalists: A Pilot Survey, Allison Kimberly Gish 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Vocal Warm-Up Practices And Perceptions In Vocalists: A Pilot Survey, Allison Kimberly Gish

LSU Master's Theses

Vocal warm-up exercises are believed to contribute to the prevention of vocal fold injury in professional voice users. Professional singers and students of singing consider a regular vocal warm-up regimen essential. There is conflicting information in the vocal pedagogy literature about the most effective and widely used vocal warm-up exercises and the optimal frequency and duration of vocal warm-up sessions. The goal of this current study was to investigate the characteristics of vocal warm-up regimens in the singing community using a survey. One hundred seventeen participants completed the survey. Participants included voice students from undergraduate, masters, and doctoral music programs ...


Depolarization By Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 4 In Pancreatic Alpha-Cells Regulates Glucagon Secretion, Piper Lynn Nelson 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Depolarization By Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 4 In Pancreatic Alpha-Cells Regulates Glucagon Secretion, Piper Lynn Nelson

LSU Master's Theses

The Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 4 protein (TRPM4) is a member of the TRP family of ion channels that is expressed in both electrically excitable and non-excitable cells. Functional studies revealed that TRPM4 significantly impacts Ca2+ signals in both immune and pancreatic β-cells, which is important for cellular processes such as hormone secretion. However, its role in glucagon secreting α-cells has not been reported. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is often associated with increased glucagon levels; yet, the exact mechanism controlling its secretion is not known. In pancreatic α-cells, an increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration causes glucagon secretion. We hypothesize that ...


Estimation Of G-Csf Effectiveness In Reducing Neutropenia Hospitalization Among Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (Nhl)Patients Treated With Anthracycline-Based Chemotherapy, Xiaoyun Pan 2010 University of Iowa

Estimation Of G-Csf Effectiveness In Reducing Neutropenia Hospitalization Among Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (Nhl)Patients Treated With Anthracycline-Based Chemotherapy, Xiaoyun Pan

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this research was to estimate prophylactic G-CSF effectiveness among patients on the extensive margin, whose treatment decisions are most likely to be affected by policy changes intended to alter the G-CSF treatment rate.

Using the national Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER)-Medicare Linked Database, we studied patients 66 years or older diagnosed with Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) and on anthracycline in one of the 13 SEER registry areas from 1994-2002. Prophylactic G-CSF use was designated if a patient had a G-CSF claim within the first five days of the first chemotherapy cycle. The dependent variable of ...


Leadership Safe Practices Snd Their Relationship With Hospital Deployment Of The Medication Reconciliation Innovation, Lance L. Roberts 2010 University of Iowa

Leadership Safe Practices Snd Their Relationship With Hospital Deployment Of The Medication Reconciliation Innovation, Lance L. Roberts

Theses and Dissertations

Within the last decade there has been considerable national attention focused upon hospital quality and patient safety performance. Improvements in performance have been realized, but the rate of improvement has been slow. There is an increasing consensus that new ideas and national strategies are needed to accelerate improvement efforts in addressing quality/safety issues. Currently, within the hospital setting more attention is being paid to the role of leadership starting with the board of trustees in addressing gaps in performance. Organization-wide awareness of critical gaps in performance, accountability structures, and organizational ability are considered critical facilitators of improvement efforts. The ...


The Role Of Procedural Learning In Stuttering: Implications From Visuomotor Tracking Performance, Victoria Tumanova 2010 University of Iowa

The Role Of Procedural Learning In Stuttering: Implications From Visuomotor Tracking Performance, Victoria Tumanova

Theses and Dissertations

This research study examined motor control and procedural learning abilities in the oral and manual motor systems of adults who stutter, using people with Parkinson's disease, and age-matched controls as comparison groups. Participants in this study were asked to track a moving target on a computer screen with their jaw and with their dominant hand. Specifically, we compared their tracking accuracy for predictable and unpredictable signals. Procedural learning (defined as increased accuracy over time) was assessed by examining changes in tracking accuracy within a single tracking trial and between consecutive tracking trials of the same predictable condition.

There were ...


Large Scale Neural Dynamics Of Rhythmic Sensorimotor Coordination And Stability, Joseph W. (Joseph William) Borrell 2010 Western Washington University

Large Scale Neural Dynamics Of Rhythmic Sensorimotor Coordination And Stability, Joseph W. (Joseph William) Borrell

WWU Graduate School Collection

Coordination Dynamics posits that the stability of coordinated patterns of movement may be a key variable for organizing neural activity underlying coordinated action. In support, recent findings suggest that premotor areas play an important role in maintaining pattern stability. The present EEG study investigates how changes in neural activation (assessed via event-related power) are affected both by rate and stability of coordination. Nineteen participants coordinated finger taps with an auditory metronome in either a synchronized or syncopated pattern presented at five different rates (1.00, 1.25, 1.50, 1.75, and 2.00 Hz). Premotor areas demonstrated increases in ...


Reading Sheet Music Activates The Mirror Neuron System Of Musicians: An Eeg Investigation., Lawrence Paul Behmer 2010 Western Washington University

Reading Sheet Music Activates The Mirror Neuron System Of Musicians: An Eeg Investigation., Lawrence Paul Behmer

WWU Graduate School Collection

Recent brain imaging studies have demonstrated that the mirror system, in addition to becoming active while viewing the actions of others, also responds to abstract visual and auditory stimuli associated with specific actions. Growing evidence suggests that such mappings are learned leading to the hypothesis that the motor system may respond to any stimuli strongly associated to a specific motor response. Reading sheet music is an excellent example in which musicians rapidly and automatically translate arbitrary visual symbols into music by a well practiced series of actions. Here we test the hypothesis that when musicians read sheet music an associated ...


The Impact Of Stress On Older Adult Caregivers' Everyday Memory, Jessica H. Anderson 2010 Western Washington University

The Impact Of Stress On Older Adult Caregivers' Everyday Memory, Jessica H. Anderson

WWU Graduate School Collection

The goal of the present study was to explore the relationship of stress with everyday memory and basic cognitive abilities in informal older adult caregivers. Caregivers completed a pseudo-medication regimen, measured using an electronic pill cap. The cap monitored the number of openings and the timing of the openings for 14 days. In addition, caregivers completed a daily stress assessment. Hierarchical linear models found no effect of stress, but speed of processing and working memory were related to the correct timing of openings. A cross-level interaction of speed of processing with stress on the timing of openings was found. Individuals ...


The Eroticization Of Lesbianism By Heterosexual Men, Kristin Puhl 2010 Western Washington University

The Eroticization Of Lesbianism By Heterosexual Men, Kristin Puhl

WWU Graduate School Collection

The stereotyping of lesbians includes both a traditional masculine, "butch" lesbian and a feminine, sexualized lesbian. The perception of lesbianism as erotic extends throughout mainstream society, with images of lesbianism targeted to heterosexual men in advertising, film, and pornography. If men do not perceive lesbians as either inherently bisexual or hypersexual, why are lesbians eroticized by heterosexual men? Here, subliminal priming with homosexual or heterosexual male or females primes was designed to elicit chronically accessible eroticization of lesbianism. Findings revealed that, contrary to expectations, priming with heterosexual-female prime sets did not increase reported erotic value of lesbianism relative to other ...


Thought In The Absence Of Attention, Kurt Braunlich 2010 Western Washington University

Thought In The Absence Of Attention, Kurt Braunlich

WWU Graduate School Collection

Although many researchers have been unsuccessful in doing so, I was able to partially replicate Dijksterhuis' (2004) "unconscious thought" effect. I found that participants who were distracted with the performance of an irrelevant task made better decisions than participants who engaged in conscious thought or participants who made immediatedecisions. Task directions and population differences in the evaluation of option attributes likely represent confounding variables that can disrupt the unconscious thought effect. While Dijksterhuis has argued that his findings necessitate the existence of an unconscious thought process capable of operating in the absence of attention, I suspect that there is a ...


Changes In Weight Loss, Body Composition And Cardiovascular Disease Risk After Altering Macronutrient Distributions During A Regular Exercise Program In Obese Women, C. M. Kerksick, J. Bunn, D. Fogt, A. Thomas, L. Taylor, B. Campbell, C. Wilborn, T. Harvey, P. Roberts, P. LaBounty, M. Galbreath, B. Marcello, C. Rasumussen, R. Kreider 2009 Campbell University

Changes In Weight Loss, Body Composition And Cardiovascular Disease Risk After Altering Macronutrient Distributions During A Regular Exercise Program In Obese Women, C. M. Kerksick, J. Bunn, D. Fogt, A. Thomas, L. Taylor, B. Campbell, C. Wilborn, T. Harvey, P. Roberts, P. Labounty, M. Galbreath, B. Marcello, C. Rasumussen, R. Kreider

Physical Therapy

No abstract provided.


Instructional Design Portfolio: A Faculty Development Program For Nurse Educators Learning To Teach Online, D Lee, T Paulus, I Loboda, G Phipps, T Wyatt, C Myers, S Mixer 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Instructional Design Portfolio: A Faculty Development Program For Nurse Educators Learning To Teach Online, D Lee, T Paulus, I Loboda, G Phipps, T Wyatt, C Myers, S Mixer

Carole R. Myers, PhD, RN Associate Professor

No abstract provided.


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