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Correlation Between Mandatory Influenza Vaccination For Healthcare Personnel On The Influenza Rate, NILABEN PATEL 2017 DePaul University

Correlation Between Mandatory Influenza Vaccination For Healthcare Personnel On The Influenza Rate, Nilaben Patel

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: The Center for Disease Control and Prevention had discovered that only 66.7% healthcare personnel were vaccinated in early 2015-16 influenza season nationally. Annual influenza vaccination acceptance by the healthcare personnel could deliver enhanced quality of care by preventing hospital-acquired influenza and thereby alleviating patients’ suffering and healthcare costs.

Objectives: The goal of this systematic integrated literature review was to determine the effect of mandatory influenza vaccination for healthcare personnel on the influenza rate.

Methods: This integrative literature review was conducted using keywords “mandatory”, “influenza vaccination”, and “healthcare personnel” to search the literature published between 2010 and 2017.

Results ...


What Gives, Samantha Stephen 2017 University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine

What Gives, Samantha Stephen

Akesis

It may never be enough and that's okay.


Balancing Sacrifice, Akesis Anonymous Author 2017 University of New England

Balancing Sacrifice, Akesis Anonymous Author

Akesis

We have sacrificed a lot to get into medical school, pushing away quick satisfaction for the hope of a bigger reward in the future. Our faculty members keep telling us that medical school is a marathon, not a race. For this reason, we must be careful about how much we sacrifice to become physicians. Life is a balance, and finding that balance is the key to happiness as a medical professional.


Proceedings Of The 5th Annual Symposium Of The German Society For Paleo Nutrition Held In 2017, Klaus Steger, Bernd Honermeier, Harel Seidenwerg, Ingrid Herr, Philipp Zimmer, Rainer J. Klement, Clemens Kunz, Jörg Spitz, Wolfgang Haak, Hannelore Daniel 2017 Klinik für Urologie, Kinderurologie und Andrologie, Sektion Molekulare Andrologie, Biomedizinisches Forschungszentrum der Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen

Proceedings Of The 5th Annual Symposium Of The German Society For Paleo Nutrition Held In 2017, Klaus Steger, Bernd Honermeier, Harel Seidenwerg, Ingrid Herr, Philipp Zimmer, Rainer J. Klement, Clemens Kunz, Jörg Spitz, Wolfgang Haak, Hannelore Daniel

Journal of Evolution and Health

We present the scientific abstracts of the 5th Annual Symposium of the German Society for Paleo Nutrition (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Paläoernährung) which took place on September 23rd 2017 in Giessen, Germany.

Besides an overview on existing interventional studies on Paleolithic diets, a focus of this year´s symposium was on secondary plant metabolites: presence, standardization by phytoneering and the role of phytomedicine for prevention and treatment of cancer. Further topics were the role of vitamin-D and omega-3 fatty acids, as well as molecular anthropology and personalized nutrition.


Targeting Cancer Stem Cells In Recurrent Lung Cancer, Karen T. Udoh 2017 Murray State University

Targeting Cancer Stem Cells In Recurrent Lung Cancer, Karen T. Udoh

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in the world. Five-year survivability still remains dismal due to drug resistance. The development of drug resistance with cisplatin or platinum/taxane combination chemotherapies has led patients to suffer from recurrent lung cancer. These chemotherapy treatments target cancer cells but leave behind cancer stem cells. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are stem-like tumor cells that have the potential to differentiate, self-renew, and proliferate. This allows the cancer to relapse even after initial elimination of the tumor. We hypothesize that Verrucarin J will inhibit cell proliferation in lung cancer cells and CSCs by ...


Transcriptional Alterations In Hereditary And Sporadic Nonfunctioning Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors According To Genotype., Xavier M Keutgen, Suresh Kumar, Sudheer Gara, Myriem Boufraqech, Sunita Agarwal, Ralph H Hruban, Naris Nilubol, Martha Quezado, Richard Finney, Maggie Cam, Electron Kebebew 2017 George Washington University

Transcriptional Alterations In Hereditary And Sporadic Nonfunctioning Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors According To Genotype., Xavier M Keutgen, Suresh Kumar, Sudheer Gara, Myriem Boufraqech, Sunita Agarwal, Ralph H Hruban, Naris Nilubol, Martha Quezado, Richard Finney, Maggie Cam, Electron Kebebew

Surgery Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND

Nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NFPanNETs) may be sporadic or inherited because of germline mutations associated with von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL) or multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1). The clinical behavior of NFPanNETs is difficult to predict, even in tumors of the same stage and grade. The authors analyzed genotype-specific patterns of transcriptional messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of NFPanNETs to understand the molecular features that determine PanNET phenotype.

METHODS

Thirty-two samples were included for genome-wide mRNA gene expression analysis (9 VHL-associated, 10 MEN1-associated, and 9 sporadic NFPanNETs and 4 purified normal islet cell [NIC] samples). Validation of genes was performed ...


Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Clinical Manifestations, Dietary Influences, And Management., Ronald Ikechi, Bradford D Fischer, Joshua DeSipio, Sangita Phadtare 2017 Selected Works

Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Clinical Manifestations, Dietary Influences, And Management., Ronald Ikechi, Bradford D Fischer, Joshua Desipio, Sangita Phadtare

Bradford Fischer

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder that is characterized by symptoms of chronic abdominal pain and altered bowel habits in the absence of an overtly identifiable cause. It is the most commonly diagnosed functional gastrointestinal disorder, accounting for about one third of gastroenterology visits. It generally presents as a complex of symptoms, including psychological dysfunction. Hypersensitivity to certain foods, especially foods that contain high amounts of fructose, plays a role in the pathophysiology of IBS. Elevated consumption of high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) has been discussed in this aspect. The treatment options for IBS are challenging and varied ...


Unexpected Dual Task Benefits On Cycling In Parkinson Disease And Healthy Adults: A Neuro-Behavioral Model, Lori J. P. Altmann, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Audrey A. Hazamy, Jonathan P. Wilson, Michael S. Okun, Nikolaus R. McFarland, Aparna W. Shukla, Chris J. Hass 2017 University of Florida

Unexpected Dual Task Benefits On Cycling In Parkinson Disease And Healthy Adults: A Neuro-Behavioral Model, Lori J. P. Altmann, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Audrey A. Hazamy, Jonathan P. Wilson, Michael S. Okun, Nikolaus R. Mcfarland, Aparna W. Shukla, Chris J. Hass

Elizabeth L. Stegemoller

Background When performing two tasks at once, a dual task, performance on one or both tasks typically suffers. People with Parkinson’s disease (PD) usually experience larger dual task decrements on motor tasks than healthy older adults (HOA). Our objective was to investigate the decrements in cycling caused by performing cognitive tasks with a range of difficulty in people with PD and HOAs. Methods Twenty-eight participants with Parkinson’s disease and 20 healthy older adults completed a baseline cycling task with no secondary tasks and then completed dual task cycling while performing 12 tasks from six cognitive domains representing a ...


Repetitive Finger Movement Performance Differs Among Parkinson’S Disease, Progressive Supranuclear Palsy, And Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Jennifer Uzochukwu, Mark D. Tillman, Nikolaus R. McFarland, SH Subramony, Michael S. Okun, Chris J. Hass 2017 Iowa State University

Repetitive Finger Movement Performance Differs Among Parkinson’S Disease, Progressive Supranuclear Palsy, And Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Jennifer Uzochukwu, Mark D. Tillman, Nikolaus R. Mcfarland, Sh Subramony, Michael S. Okun, Chris J. Hass

Elizabeth L. Stegemoller

Background Differentiating movement disorders is critical for appropriate treatment, prognosis, and for clinical trials. In clinical trials this is especially important as effects can be diluted by inclusion of inappropriately diagnosed participants. In early disease duration phases, disorders often have overlapping clinical features, such as impairments in repetitive finger movement, making diagnosis challenging. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine and compare repetitive finger movement performance in participants diagnosed with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease, Progressive Supranuclear Palsy, and spinocerebellar ataxias. Methods Participants completed an unconstrained index finger flexion/extension movement (i.e. finger tap) in time with an ...


Animal Models Of Rheumatoid Pain: Experimental Systems And Insights., Bradford D Fischer, Adeshina Adeyemo, Michael E O'Leary, Andrea Bottaro 2017 Selected Works

Animal Models Of Rheumatoid Pain: Experimental Systems And Insights., Bradford D Fischer, Adeshina Adeyemo, Michael E O'Leary, Andrea Bottaro

Bradford Fischer

Severe chronic pain is one of the hallmarks and most debilitating manifestations of inflammatory arthritis. It represents a significant problem in the clinical management of patients with common chronic inflammatory joint conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and spondyloarthropathies. The functional links between peripheral inflammatory signals and the establishment of the neuroadaptive mechanisms acting in nociceptors and in the central nervous system in the establishment of chronic and neuropathic pain are still poorly understood, representing an area of intense study and translational priority. Several well-established inducible and spontaneous animal models are available to study the onset, progression and chronicization ...


Advanced Cancer Care: A Primer On Palliative Radiation Oncology, Benjamin Li 2017 Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Advanced Cancer Care: A Primer On Palliative Radiation Oncology, Benjamin Li

Tennessee Medicine E-Journal

Palliative radiation oncology is a new or foreign concept for many who deal with or are involved in the management of advanced cancer. This paper equips patients, medical students, residents, and physicians to understand the fundamentals of palliative radiation oncology. Given the growing burden of cancer and healthcare delivery challenges for patients nearing the end of life, it is important to understand the mechanism and implications of palliative radiation therapy, as well as the challenges in treatment. Advantages of treatment are carefully weighed with limitations and cost considerations, prognostic awareness, and adherence to goals of care. While treatment with palliative ...


Do Health Beliefs Explain Traditional Medical Therapies Utilisation? Evidence From Ghana, Razak Mohammed GYASI, Felix ASANTE, Kabila ABASS, Joseph Yaw YEBOAH, Samuel ADU-GYAMFI, Padmore Adusei AMOAH 2017 Department of Sociology and Social Policy, Lingnan University

Do Health Beliefs Explain Traditional Medical Therapies Utilisation? Evidence From Ghana, Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Felix Asante, Kabila Abass, Joseph Yaw Yeboah, Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, Padmore Adusei Amoah

Dr. AMOAH Padmore Adusei

Although the direct impact of health beliefs on unconventional medical therapies consumption are well documented, the previous empirical findings of the relationship have been much inconsistent and theoretically subtle in Ghana. Using social cognitive thesis, this paper examines how relative effects of personal health beliefs influence the use of traditional medicine in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Drawing on a qualitative approach involving rural and urban peculiarities and 36 in-depth interviews, this research study adopts a posteriori inductive reduction model to derive broad- and sub-themes. Results suggest that health-seeking behaviour in Ghana is a socially negotiated process in which cultural ...


Geographies And Traditional Therapies Utilization : A Convergence Of Health Behaviors In Rural And Urban Settings?, Padmore Adusei AMOAH, Razak Mohammed GYASI 2017 Department of Sociology and Social Policy, Lingnan University

Geographies And Traditional Therapies Utilization : A Convergence Of Health Behaviors In Rural And Urban Settings?, Padmore Adusei Amoah, Razak Mohammed Gyasi

Dr. AMOAH Padmore Adusei

No abstract provided.


Health Literacy And Self-Perceived Health Status Among Street Youth In Kumasi, Ghana, Padmore Adusei AMOAH, David Rosser PHILLIPS, Razak Mohammed GYASI, Adwoa Owusuaa KODUAH, Joseph EDUSEI 2017 Department of Sociology and Social Policy, Lingnan University

Health Literacy And Self-Perceived Health Status Among Street Youth In Kumasi, Ghana, Padmore Adusei Amoah, David Rosser Phillips, Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Adwoa Owusuaa Koduah, Joseph Edusei

Dr. AMOAH Padmore Adusei

Street youth often have poor health. A number of studies have been commissioned across contexts to appreciate and address the problem. Conspicuously missing from extant researches about street youth in relation to their health however are those relating to health literacy. This study assesses general health literacy (GHL) and its association with self-perceived health status among street youth in Kumasi, Ghana. Two hundred and ninety street youth with an average age of 18 years (±3.1) participated in the study. The majority (78%) of street youth demonstrated limited GHL. Age, education, and acknowledging the streets as home, were significantly associated ...


Human Trafficking, Katelyn H. Kennedy, Kylie S. Dobbs, Hannah L. Peters 2017 Cedarville University

Human Trafficking, Katelyn H. Kennedy, Kylie S. Dobbs, Hannah L. Peters

Introduction to Public Health Posters

Human trafficking is a current problem that health professionals, such as pharmacists, should be aware of. This poster was created as a group project by pre-pharmacy majors and exhibited to faculty and graduate pharmacy students. The primary purpose of the project was to learn about human trafficking as a public health concern, increase awareness, and search for ways to reduce the problem. The poster highlights the different forms of human trafficking and what determinants of health apply to this problem. It also seeks to show how human trafficking relates to the pharmacy profession.


Acoustic Divergence In The Rut Vocalizations Of Persian And European Fallow Deer, J. B. Stachowicz, E. Vannoni, B. J. Pitcher, E. F. Briefer, E. Geffen, A. G. McElligott 2017 University of Zürich

Acoustic Divergence In The Rut Vocalizations Of Persian And European Fallow Deer, J. B. Stachowicz, E. Vannoni, B. J. Pitcher, E. F. Briefer, E. Geffen, A. G. Mcelligott

Alan G. McElligott, Ph.D.

We conducted a study of the male rut vocalizations (groans) of two closely related species, Persian and European fallow deer. Persian fallow deer are endangered, restricted to Iran and Israel, and their rut vocalizations have never been studied. By contrast, European fallow deer are one of the most common deer species in the world, and have been the subject of numerous detailed studies. Persian bucks are approximately 16% larger than European bucks, and this can have important implications for vocalizations. Persian bucks were recorded in Israel, and European bucks were recorded in the UK and Ireland. We measured temporal, fundamental ...


Autonomic Nervous System Reactivity In A Free-Ranging Mammal: Effects Of Dominance Rank And Personality, Elodie F. Briefer, James A. Oxley, Alan G. McElligott 2017 Queen Mary University of London

Autonomic Nervous System Reactivity In A Free-Ranging Mammal: Effects Of Dominance Rank And Personality, Elodie F. Briefer, James A. Oxley, Alan G. Mcelligott

Alan G. McElligott, Ph.D.

Modulation of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity allows animals to effectively respond to internal and external stimuli in everyday challenges via changes in, for example, heart and respiration rate. Various factors, ranging from social such as dominance rank to internal such as personality or affective states can impact animal physiology. Our knowledge of the combinatory effects of social and internal factors on ANS basal activity and reactivity, and of the importance that each factor has in determining physiological parameters, is limited, particularly in nonhuman, free-ranging animals. In this study, we tested the effects of dominance rank and personality (assessed ...


Fallow Bucks Get Hoarse: Vocal Fatigue As A Possible Signal To Conspecifics, Elisabetta Vannoni, Alan G. McElligott 2017 University of Zurich

Fallow Bucks Get Hoarse: Vocal Fatigue As A Possible Signal To Conspecifics, Elisabetta Vannoni, Alan G. Mcelligott

Alan G. McElligott, Ph.D.

Many studies of sexually selected vocal communication assume that calls remain stable throughout the breeding season. However, during this period, physiological and social factors change and these can have strong effects on the structure of calls and calling rates. During the rut, fallow bucks, Dama dama, reduce their feeding and increase the time and energy spent on vocalizing and fighting to gain matings, and consequently their body condition declines greatly. The availability of matings and intensity of competition between males also change. Therefore, we predicted that male vocal signalling would vary over time in response to the changing intersexual and ...


Impact Of Physician Education And Availability Of Parameters Regarding Esophageal Pressure And Transpulmonary Pressure On Clinical Decisions Involving Ventilator Management, Lonny Ashworth 2017 Boise State University

Impact Of Physician Education And Availability Of Parameters Regarding Esophageal Pressure And Transpulmonary Pressure On Clinical Decisions Involving Ventilator Management, Lonny Ashworth

Lonny J. Ashworth

Purpose: This study investigated the effects of physician education and the availability of Peso and PL data on physicians' decisions regarding ventilator management during specific simulated clinical conditions.

Materials and methods: The study was a prospective, before–after study using a case scenario–based questionnaire and a case simulator device comprising an Avea ventilator and an artificial lung and esophagus, which was connected to a Series 1101 Electronic Breathing Simulator. The 99 physicians participating in the study were provided with five simulated cases with on-time ventilator graphics without Peso and PL and completed a questionnaire on ...


The Quest For Ash Resistance To Eab: Towards A Mechanistic Understanding, Daniel A. Herms, Don Cipollini, K. S. Knight, J. L. Koch, T. M. Poland, Chad Michael Rigsby, Justin G.A. Whitehill, Pierluigi Bonello 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

The Quest For Ash Resistance To Eab: Towards A Mechanistic Understanding, Daniel A. Herms, Don Cipollini, K. S. Knight, J. L. Koch, T. M. Poland, Chad Michael Rigsby, Justin G.A. Whitehill, Pierluigi Bonello

Don Cipollini

Since emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis, was discovered in North America in 2002, it has killed many millions of ash trees in North America, and ash mortality now exceeds 99% near the epicenter of the invasion in southeast Michigan (Klooster et al. 2014). The development of EAB-resistant ash trees will be critical for restoration of ash in natural and urban forests. Goals of our collaboration are to identify, breed and screen ash germplasm for EAB resistance and silvicultural traits; and identify mechanisms of EAB resistance to facilitate breeding and screening.


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