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“Applied” Aspects Of The Drug Resistance Strategies Project, Michael L. Hecht, Michelle Miller-Day 2010 Pennsylvania State University

“Applied” Aspects Of The Drug Resistance Strategies Project, Michael L. Hecht, Michelle Miller-Day

Communication Faculty Articles and Research

This paper discusses the applied aspects of our Drug Resistance Strategies Project. We argue that a new definitional distinction is needed to expand the notion of “applied” from the traditional notion of utilizing theory, which we call “applied.1”, in order to consider theory-grounded, theory testing and theory developing applied research. We label this new definition “applied.2” research. We then explain that our descriptive work describing the social processes of adolescent substance use, identity and use, and drug norms, as well as the subsequent development and dissemination of our keepin’ it REAL middle school substance use curriculum are examples ...


More Than Just Openness: Developing And Validating A Measure Of Targeted Parent-Child Communication About Alcohol, Michelle Miller-Day, Jennifer A. Kam 2010 Chapman University

More Than Just Openness: Developing And Validating A Measure Of Targeted Parent-Child Communication About Alcohol, Michelle Miller-Day, Jennifer A. Kam

Communication Faculty Articles and Research

Research addressing parent-child communication on the topic of alcohol use relies heavily on assessing frequency of discussions and general assessments of openness in parent-child communication, ignoring the complexity of this communication phenomenon. This study adds to the literature by articulating a conceptualization and developing a measurement of parent-child communication—targeted parent-child communication about alcohol—and comparing the efficacy of targeted parent-child communication about alcohol in predicting positive expectancies of alcohol use and recent alcohol use. The predictive power of general openness in parent-child communication and frequency of communication about alcohol also were assessed. Students in 5th and 6th grade (N ...


Tobacco Use And Women’S Health: An Opportunity In International Health Promotion And A Case Study Of Tobacco Policy In Canada, Hoda Malakouti-Nejad 2010 Western University

Tobacco Use And Women’S Health: An Opportunity In International Health Promotion And A Case Study Of Tobacco Policy In Canada, Hoda Malakouti-Nejad

Essay Contest 2000 - 2015

Increasing numbers of girls and women are using tobacco worldwide. As a marginalized population, women are targeted for the sale of tobacco products and social structures are organized in a manner that increases their tobacco usage. Furthermore, as a result of their anatomy and physiology, women experience greater health problems than their male counterparts when consuming the same amount of tobacco. Tobacco usage among women must be addressed globally through the lens of health promotion. Health can be increased for women, and in turn, the entire population by taking policy measures to address the issue of tobacco usage. This paper ...


Emergency Preparedness And Personal Evacuation Planning: Involvement Of Occupational Therapists, Paul Noakes Jr. 2010 University of Puget Sound

Emergency Preparedness And Personal Evacuation Planning: Involvement Of Occupational Therapists, Paul Noakes Jr.

School of Occupational Therapy Master's Theses

Disaster and emergency events are common occurrences and the skills necessary to respond to these incidents appear to fall within the scope of practice of occupational therapy (OT). This survey explored the format, methods and content, and frequency with which U.S. home health occupational therapists address two topics: emergency preparedness and personal evacuation planning with clients and caregivers, as well as their views of its place within the scope of OT practice. From 250 mailed recipients, 88 usable questionnaires were received for an adjusted response rate of 38.3%. Of the respondents, 85.2% were found to address either ...


Aquatic Programs For Individuals With Osteoarthritis And Rheumatoid Arthritis: Self-Reported Changes In Activities Of Daily Living, Andrea Figueira 2010 University of Puget Sound

Aquatic Programs For Individuals With Osteoarthritis And Rheumatoid Arthritis: Self-Reported Changes In Activities Of Daily Living, Andrea Figueira

School of Occupational Therapy Master's Theses

Arthritis is the inflammation of any joint in the body, involving continuous symptoms that are highly variable and dependent on the person. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis have been shown to affect a person’s ability to be independent in performing activities of daily living, and aquatic therapy has been shown to decrease pain and improve functional abilities. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of self-reported functional improvement in those who continued to participate in a specialized aquatic program in the Puget Sound region or in the Metro Vancouver area of British Columbia.


The Job Teaches You, If You Are Open To It: The Experiences Of Hospice Occupational Therapists, Gaea Haymaker 2010 University of Puget Sound

The Job Teaches You, If You Are Open To It: The Experiences Of Hospice Occupational Therapists, Gaea Haymaker

School of Occupational Therapy Master's Theses

During the last 3 decades, hospice care has become increasingly prevalent in the United States, and evidence indicates that occupational therapists are involved in end of life care. There is little research, however, examining the experiences and professional development of occupational therapists in hospice care. This study used qualitative methodology (grounded theory) to explore the experiences of 4 hospice occupational therapists practicing in urban western Washington. Data analysis identified 5 major themes: Enhancing clients’ quality of life, Therapeutic use of self, Advocacy, Interdisciplinary team involvement, and Images of ideal practice. A preliminary theory of the professional development of hospice occupational ...


Addressing The Needs Of Caregivers: Self-Reported Practices Of Occupational Therapists In The U.S., Kimberly Naguwa 2010 University of Puget Sound

Addressing The Needs Of Caregivers: Self-Reported Practices Of Occupational Therapists In The U.S., Kimberly Naguwa

School of Occupational Therapy Master's Theses

To investigate the (1) the attitudes of occupational therapists regarding caregiver training for the informal caregivers of people who experienced a stroke, (2) strategies for assessment of caregivers, (3) content of caregiver training and education (CTE) sessions, and (4) barriers and supports therapists experience in addressing the needs of caregivers. Method: Responses to a novel survey by 73 registered occupational therapists (31% response rate) who treated adult clients with stroke in the past year were compiled. Descriptive statistics were calculated to analyze the attitudes and practices of the respondents. Chi-square cross-tabulations were utilized in data analysis.


Mini-Mental State Examination And Large Allen Cognitive Level Screen: Predictive Validity For Discharge Disposition Among Patients Of A Skilled Nursing Facility, Tonya Pitman 2010 University of Puget Sound

Mini-Mental State Examination And Large Allen Cognitive Level Screen: Predictive Validity For Discharge Disposition Among Patients Of A Skilled Nursing Facility, Tonya Pitman

School of Occupational Therapy Master's Theses

The objective of this study was to determine the association between scores on the Large Allen Cognitive Levels Screen (LACLS) and the Mini-Mental Statue Examination (MMSE) among residents of a skilled nursing facility (SNF) and to what extent they have predictive validity for discharge disposition. Data were collected from one SNF in Washington State through a retrospective chart review. Among all cases, no correlations were found between the MMSE and discharge disposition, and the LACLS and discharge disposition. However, the LACLS was a statistically significant predictor of discharge disposition among orthopedic patients, r (22) = .479, p = .01. A statistically significant ...


Differences In The Utilization Of Therapeutic Use Of Self By Occupational Therapists In Military And Civilian Settings, CJ Gill 2010 University of Puget Sound

Differences In The Utilization Of Therapeutic Use Of Self By Occupational Therapists In Military And Civilian Settings, Cj Gill

School of Occupational Therapy Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the implementation of therapeutic use of self, and the factors that may influence that implementation in military and civilian settings, as described by occupational therapists who have experience in both settings. A semi-structured qualitative design was used to interview two practicing occupational therapists. Analysis of the audio transcripts resulted in two themes on the comparison of implementation of therapeutic use of self in military and civilian settings: Knowing your Population (identifying differences between the military and civilian settings) and Some Things Do Not Change (identifying similarities between the military and civilian settings ...


Occupational Therapy Needs Assessment Of Male United States Veterans Who Are Homeless, Karyn Best 2010 University of Puget Sound

Occupational Therapy Needs Assessment Of Male United States Veterans Who Are Homeless, Karyn Best

School of Occupational Therapy Master's Theses

The current occupational therapy research base related to individuals who are homeless is sparse, and few studies have identified the various needs of subgroups within the population. To provide appropriate interventions, treatment, and program development for homeless veterans, an understanding of their occupational performance, including impact of prior experiences, roles, and meaningful and valued activities is necessary. This study used qualitative methodology to explore the needs of a small number of male United States veterans in urban Western Washington who are currently or were previously homeless, in order to determine in what way the occupational therapy profession can best meet ...


Extending Collaborations For Knowledge Translation: Lessons From The Community-Based Participatory Research Literature, Raphael Lencucha, Anita Kothari, Nadia Hamel 2010 University of Ottawa

Extending Collaborations For Knowledge Translation: Lessons From The Community-Based Participatory Research Literature, Raphael Lencucha, Anita Kothari, Nadia Hamel

Health Studies Publications

The purpose of this paper is to expand the current focus on researcher-decision-maker knowledge translation (KT) partnerships to include community partners. Lessons were drawn from the community-based participatory research literature. An inductive thematic analysis was conducted, using forty-two eligible articles, and resulted in the identification of four themes (principles, structure, process and relationships) and associated factors that could contribute to KT collaborations among the three groups of actors. These findings are presented in a KT Triad framework. Thus, the framework provides specific lessons to facilitate researcher-decision-makercommunity collaborations based on an established body of literature. Including community partners in the KT ...


Pskov Youth Reproductive Health Project, David Buchanan 2010 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Pskov Youth Reproductive Health Project, David Buchanan

UMass Institute for Global Health Community Education and Outreach

The goals of the Comprehensive Community-Based Public Health Prevention Project in Pskov, Russia are: (1) to improve reproductive health outcomes, by reducing high rates of abortion and STIs, by increasing use of protective contraceptive methods; and (2) to increase life expectancy and improve quality of life, by reducing high rates of diabetes and stroke, by implementing community-based health promotion activities focusing on improving dietary and physical activities and reducing smoking and alcohol consumption, in Pskov, Russia.

The project is based in the city of Pskov, which is the capital of Pskov Oblast. Pskov Oblast is one of 86 states in ...


The Complementary Roles Of Public Health & Medicine In The Us Health Care System, David Buchanan 2010 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

The Complementary Roles Of Public Health & Medicine In The Us Health Care System, David Buchanan

UMass Institute for Global Health Community Education and Outreach

No abstract provided.


Sodexo Leading Environmental Change At Lehigh Valley Health Network, Andrew Barsky CDM, CFPP 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Sodexo Leading Environmental Change At Lehigh Valley Health Network, Andrew Barsky Cdm, Cfpp

Clinical Nutrition Service

No abstract provided.


Ethics Of Occupational Therapy, Alyssa Finn 2010 Pacific University

Ethics Of Occupational Therapy, Alyssa Finn

Ethics & Policy in Healthcare Program

This presentation and accompanying paper (see below) explore different aspects of professional ethics in occupational therapy.


Ethics In Pharmacy Practice, Sara Hutchins 2010 Pacific University

Ethics In Pharmacy Practice, Sara Hutchins

Ethics & Policy in Healthcare Program

This presentation and accompanying paper (see below) explore different aspects of professional ethics in pharmacy, specifically in related to physician-assisted suicide.


Information/Education Needs Assessment Of Dental Hygienists In Oregon, Isaac Gilman, Kelli Shaffer 2010 Pacific University

Information/Education Needs Assessment Of Dental Hygienists In Oregon, Isaac Gilman, Kelli Shaffer

Faculty Scholarship (PUL)

The primary goal with this project was to create a picture of (a) the current state of access to evidence-based clinical and professional resources and (b) the use of these resources by registered dental hygienists in Oregon. To meet this goal, we identified five subordinate areas of interest to assess in a comprehensive survey of all practicing dental hygienists in Oregon: 1. The extent/use of evidence-based information in clinical practice.
2. The level of access to evidence-based information across different practice settings.
3. The level of access to business planning/best practices resources and training for limited access permit ...


Oregon Agrability: Developing Infrastructure For A Statewide Agricultural Assistance Project, Shari Juhasz, Elizabeth Scanlon 2010 Pacific University

Oregon Agrability: Developing Infrastructure For A Statewide Agricultural Assistance Project, Shari Juhasz, Elizabeth Scanlon

Innovative Practice Projects

Approximately 200,000 farm injuries occur annually with 65% of these acquired by owners, operators, or family members. These estimates do not include cumulative trauma, such as arthritis, that impair farmers and ranchers’ function and agricultural production. AgrAbility, a project funded by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), aims to support the agricultural lifestyle and production of farmers and ranchers impacted by disability (AgrAbility, n.d.; Goodwill Industries, 2009). AgrAbility seeks to improve quality of life and ensure continued production for those involved in agriculture via three main objectives:

1. Improve or develop “service capacity” through education related to ...


Mt. Hood Kiwanis Camp, Elisabeth McClure, Paloma French 2010 Pacific University

Mt. Hood Kiwanis Camp, Elisabeth Mcclure, Paloma French

Innovative Practice Projects

The mission of Kiwanis Camp is: to provide excellence in outdoor experiences to individuals with disabilities, educational opportunities for students pursuing human service careers and facilitates personal growth and inclusion of all participants.

Working with Kiwanis Camp staff, Occupational Therapy students completed a needs assessment and developed a program proposal for OT students’ involvement in Kiwanis Camp. The vision for this plan integrates adaptation, task analysis, and program modifications to enhance campers’ participation and enjoyment of camp as well as teaching some basic sensory techniques to staff and counselors. In addition, there is a vision for OT students working on ...


Chronic Pain Program Development: Old Town Clinic, Central City Concern, Jennifer Theusch, Jessica Gonzales 2010 Pacific University

Chronic Pain Program Development: Old Town Clinic, Central City Concern, Jennifer Theusch, Jessica Gonzales

Innovative Practice Projects

Jessica Gonzales and Jennifer Theusch began their partnership with the Old Town Clinic in the spring of 2009 as part of a pilot fieldwork occupational therapy program sponsored by Pacific University. Jennifer and Jessica worked under the guidance of a supervising occupational therapist for their unique level II mental health fieldwork rotation. Together they performed a needs assessment and gap analysis to determine a strategic fit for occupational therapy at the clinic. The students worked to solidify an occupational therapy program at the clinic that would integrate into the existing system and begin the process of providing services for the ...


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