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Increasing Early And Exclusive Breastfeeding In Rural Uttar Pradesh: Implications For Behavior Change Communication, Population Council 2010 Population Council

Increasing Early And Exclusive Breastfeeding In Rural Uttar Pradesh: Implications For Behavior Change Communication, Population Council

Reproductive Health

The Population Council conducted a formative study in rural Uttar Pradesh, India to determine the current status of early and exclusive breastfeeding, understand the facilitating factors and barriers in adopting the desired breastfeeding practices, and identify programmatic and behavior change communication (BCC) initiatives to promote the practice. Findings indicate that efforts by Primary Health Centre staff to counsel and encourage women to breastfeed early could significantly increase adoption of this practice. The policy brief identifies barriers that reflect a lack of knowledge and misperceptions about breastfeeding, but finds that education, supportive family members, and knowledgeable health workers can facilitate breastfeeding ...


Increasing The Use Of Booster Seats: A Community-Based Research Project, Michelle Gallina, Amanda Jones, Jane Kim, Habibullah Muhiddin, Natasha Singletary 2010 Old Dominion University

Increasing The Use Of Booster Seats: A Community-Based Research Project, Michelle Gallina, Amanda Jones, Jane Kim, Habibullah Muhiddin, Natasha Singletary

OUR Journal: ODU Undergraduate Research Journal

The aim of this project was to increase booster seat usage and knowledge of booster seat safety by implementing population-based interventions in the community. To aid in accomplishing the goal, the nursing students utilized the performance of an educational puppet show, educational handouts, and aggregate height and age screening as the interventions. Pre and post tests data were obtained. As a result, there was an increase of the aggregates‟ desire to be in a booster seat. Nurses who take more action in a leadership role by implementing interventions based on the educational needs of the community increased booster seat awareness ...


Childhood Home Injuries: A Nursing Student Approach To Preventing Childhood Home Injuries, Jinging Sparrow, Katherine Carman, Katelyn Kerr, Renee Farmer 2010 Old Dominion University

Childhood Home Injuries: A Nursing Student Approach To Preventing Childhood Home Injuries, Jinging Sparrow, Katherine Carman, Katelyn Kerr, Renee Farmer

OUR Journal: ODU Undergraduate Research Journal

Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death for children under 14 years of age. Of the unintentional injuries, a significant portion occurs within the home setting. Creating a safe home environment for children has become a focus in current efforts for health promotion and injury prevention. Our objective is to enhance caregivers’ knowledge of home safety thus decreasing the incidence of childhood unintentional injuries. To this end, a series of educational workshops were conducted on poisoning, choking, furniture tip-over, scalds and burns. The material was presented via PowerPoint, videos, posters, handouts, demonstrations and return demonstrations. Verbal pre-and post tests ...


Encouraging Abandonment Of Fgm/C Among The Somali Community In Wajir, Kenya, Population Council 2010 Population Council

Encouraging Abandonment Of Fgm/C Among The Somali Community In Wajir, Kenya, Population Council

Reproductive Health

This report summarizes key achievements of a two-year project to foster community‐wide abandonment of FGM/C by developing and testing the feasibility of working closely with communities highly resistant to external influences. The diagnostic study aimed to identify culturally appropriate empowerment strategies for women and youth in the Somali community.


Psychosocial Responses To Spinal Cord Injury As Predictors Of Pressure Sores, Hanoch Livneh, Samuel T. Gontkovsky, Dobrivoje S. Stokic, Erin Martz 2010 Portland State University

Psychosocial Responses To Spinal Cord Injury As Predictors Of Pressure Sores, Hanoch Livneh, Samuel T. Gontkovsky, Dobrivoje S. Stokic, Erin Martz

Counselor Education Faculty Publications and Presentations

Pressure sores are a preventable, but common, secondary complication of a spinal cord injury (SCI). Research is limited concerning the influence of psychological factors in the development of pressure sores. The purpose of our ex post facto study was to examine the role that emotional responses and coping strategies play in moderating the relationships between demographic and SCI-related medical variables and the frequency and severity of pressure sores. Ninety-five individuals, who sustained a sudden-onset SCI, completed a self-report questionnaire sent to the population of patients that received post-injury rehabilitation services at a rehabilitation center in the southern U.S. Multiple ...


The Power Of Empowerment: An Icf-Based Model To Improve Self-Efficacy And Upper Extremity Function Of Survivors Of Breast Cancer, Mary Insana Fisher, Dana Howell 2010 University of Dayton

The Power Of Empowerment: An Icf-Based Model To Improve Self-Efficacy And Upper Extremity Function Of Survivors Of Breast Cancer, Mary Insana Fisher, Dana Howell

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Breast cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers among women. Breast cancer treatments often negatively impact the function of the arm, and quality of life and upper extremity function does not always return to a prediagnosis level. Survivors of breast cancer may also experience feelings of diminished self-efficacy related to functional deficits resulting from their physical limitations. The International Classification of Functioning (ICF) provides a framework for rehabilitation practitioners to address physical and psychological impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. Patient outcomes may be improved by fostering self-efficacy through empowerment. This paper explores how the ICF model and ...


The Influence Of Title Ix On Personal And Professional Biographies Of Early Career Female Club Volleyball Coaches, Dennis Dahlberg, George M. De Marco, Corinne M. Daprano, Carolyn Ridenour 2010 University of Dayton

The Influence Of Title Ix On Personal And Professional Biographies Of Early Career Female Club Volleyball Coaches, Dennis Dahlberg, George M. De Marco, Corinne M. Daprano, Carolyn Ridenour

Health and Sport Science Faculty Publications

Seeking to understand the relationship between Title IX and its impact on a select group of its contemporary beneficiaries, the purpose of this study was to determine the influence of Title IX on the personal and professional biographies of 8 early career female club volleyball coaches. This study utilized a modified case study design featuring constant comparison data analysis. Data were collected using a qualitative interview technique with each of the candidate’s interviews subdivided into four distinct sections. Part I of the interview established a basic personal and professional biography of each individual coach. Part II provided data on ...


A Differential Deficit In Time- Versus Event-Based Prospective Memory In Parkinson's Disease, Sarah Raskin, Stephen Paul Woods, Amelia Poquette, April McTaggart, Jim Sethna, Rebecca Williams, Alexander Troster 2010 Trinity College

A Differential Deficit In Time- Versus Event-Based Prospective Memory In Parkinson's Disease, Sarah Raskin, Stephen Paul Woods, Amelia Poquette, April Mctaggart, Jim Sethna, Rebecca Williams, Alexander Troster

Faculty Scholarship

Objective: The aim of the current study was to clarify the nature and extent of impairment in time- versus
event-based prospective memory in Parkinson’s disease (PD). Prospective memory is thought to involve
cognitive processes that are mediated by prefrontal systems and are executive in nature. Given that
individuals with PD frequently show executive dysfunction, it is important to determine whether these
individuals may have deficits in prospective memory that could impact daily functions, such as taking
medications. Although it has been reported that individuals with PD evidence impairment in prospective
memory, it is still unclear whether they show a ...


Sleep Well To Stay Safe: Ready For Primetime?, Mihai C. Teodorescu, Mariana Szklo-Coxe 2010 Old Dominion University

Sleep Well To Stay Safe: Ready For Primetime?, Mihai C. Teodorescu, Mariana Szklo-Coxe

Community & Environmental Health Faculty Publications

Commentary on Kling et al. Sleep problems and workplace injuries in Canada. Sleep 2010;33:611-618.


Prospective Associations Of Insomnia Markers And Symptoms With Depression, Mariana Szklo-Coxe, Terry Young, Paul E. Peppard, Laurel A. Finn, Ruth M. Benca 2010 Old Dominion University

Prospective Associations Of Insomnia Markers And Symptoms With Depression, Mariana Szklo-Coxe, Terry Young, Paul E. Peppard, Laurel A. Finn, Ruth M. Benca

Community & Environmental Health Faculty Publications

Whether insomnia, a known correlate of depression, predicts depression longitudinally warrants elucidation. The authors examined 555 Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study participants aged 33-71 years without baseline depression or antidepressant use who completed baseline and follow-up overnight polysomnography and had complete questionnaire-based data on insomnia and depression for 1998-2006. Using Poisson regression, they estimated relative risks for depression (Zung scale score >= 50) at 4-year (average) follow-up according to baseline insomnia symptoms and polysomnographic markers. Twenty-six participants (4.7%) developed depression by follow-up. Having 3-4 insomnia symptoms versus none predicted depression risk (age-, sex-, and comorbidity-adjusted relative risk (RR) = 3.2, 95 ...


Robustness Of The Healthcare Utilization Results From The Rotavirus Efficacy And Safety Trial (Rest) Evaluating The Human-Bovine (Wc3) Reassortant Pentavalent Rotavirus Vaccine (Rv5), Robbin Itzler, Gary Koch, David O. Matson, Leif Gothefors, Pierre Van Damme, Mark J. DiNubile, Penny M. Heaton 2010 Old Dominion University

Robustness Of The Healthcare Utilization Results From The Rotavirus Efficacy And Safety Trial (Rest) Evaluating The Human-Bovine (Wc3) Reassortant Pentavalent Rotavirus Vaccine (Rv5), Robbin Itzler, Gary Koch, David O. Matson, Leif Gothefors, Pierre Van Damme, Mark J. Dinubile, Penny M. Heaton

Community & Environmental Health Faculty Publications

Background: The Rotavirus Efficacy and Safety Trial was a placebo-controlled Phase III study that evaluated the safety and efficacy of a three-dose pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (RV5) including its effect on healthcare utilization for rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE). The per-protocol (PP) analyses, which counted events occurring 14 days after dose 3 among infants without protocol violations, have already been published. This paper evaluates the consistency of the healthcare utilization results based on the modified intention to treat (MITT) analyses with the PP analyses. The MITT analyses include all infants receiving at least one dose of vaccine or placebo and follow-up begins after ...


The Effect Of Antioxidant Supplementation On Fatigue During Exercise: Potential Role For Nad+(H), John Mach, Adrian W. Midgley, Steve Dank, Ross Grant, David J. Bentley 2010 University of New South Wales

The Effect Of Antioxidant Supplementation On Fatigue During Exercise: Potential Role For Nad+(H), John Mach, Adrian W. Midgley, Steve Dank, Ross Grant, David J. Bentley

Nursing and Health Papers and Journal Articles

This study compared serum pyridine levels (NAD+ /NADH) in trained (n = 6)and untrained (n = 7) subjects after continuous progressive exercise at 50%, 70% then 95% of physical work capacity until fatigue (TTF) after consuming a placebo or antioxidant (AO) cocktail (Lactaway ©). An increase of 17% in TTF was observed in AO as compared to placebo (p = 0.032). This was accompanied by a significant increase in serum NAD+ levels (p = 0.037) in the AO supplemented group post exercise. The increases in NAD+ and improved endurance reflect lower oxidative stress-induced suppression of aerobic respiration.


Economic Assessment Of Children’S Health And The Environment In Maine, Mary E. Davis 2010 Tufts University

Economic Assessment Of Children’S Health And The Environment In Maine, Mary E. Davis

Maine Policy Review

Reducing children’s exposure to environmental toxins is important for both moral and economic reasons. Mary Davis discusses the economic impact of envi­ronmentally related childhood illnesses in Maine, focusing on disease categories with fairly strong evidence connecting environmental pollution to childhood diseases: lead poisoning, asthma, neurobehavioral disorders, and cancer. Lead poisoning and neurobehavioral conditions are the most expen­sive because they lead to chronic diseases that are largely incurable and not easily treated. She concludes that state funding for initiatives aimed at reducing childhood exposure to environmental pollutants “would be money well spent.”


Clostridium Difficile Associated Disease (Cdad), Rivka H. Borger 2010 Touro College

Clostridium Difficile Associated Disease (Cdad), Rivka H. Borger

The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences

Clostridium difficile bacteria (C. difficile) are a spore-forming species of bacteria that lies dormant in the colon, in the presence of normal intestinal flora. Due to overuse of certain antibiotics, normal intestinal bacteria may be depleted, and combined with other possible risk factors, allow C. difficile bacterial spores to develop into active, infectious, and extremely resistant toxin-producing bacteria. The toxins cause severe damage and inflammation to the intestinal wall that can result in gastrointestinal discomfort and severe pseudomembranous enterocolitis that must be treated with a low-risk C. difficile targeting defense.


Folic Acid And Neural Tube Defects, Rachel Leah Feinstein 2010 Touro College

Folic Acid And Neural Tube Defects, Rachel Leah Feinstein

The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences

The following is an excerpt of this article: Neural tube defects (NTD) are the most common types of birth defects. Research shows that folic acid taken periconceptionally greatly reduces the risk of having a NTD affected child. This paper will explain the role that folate plays in the metabolism, specifically in synthesizing methionine. It will bring evidence to show that methionine is crucial for normal neural tube development. In addition, it will explore the genetic factor involved in folate metabolism and possible folate deficiency.


Cardiac Tissue Regeneration - The Use Of Stem Cells, Chavy Friedlander 2010 Touro College

Cardiac Tissue Regeneration - The Use Of Stem Cells, Chavy Friedlander

The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences

The following is the introduction to the article: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of illness and fatality. Diseases such as coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction and subsequent congestive heart failure pose a serious problem to much of the population in the Unites States and all over the world. The heart’s compromised function that results from the above conditions is so influential as the heart has little capacity to repair its lost tissue; once the cardiac myocytes are destroyed its effects are amplified by a drastic decrease in cardiac function. Until recently with the advent of stem cell technology ...


Evaluation Of Tulathromycin As An Antimicrobial Therapy In The Caprine Species, Kristin A. Clothier 2010 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of Tulathromycin As An Antimicrobial Therapy In The Caprine Species, Kristin A. Clothier

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The number of antimicrobials available to treat bacterial respiratory disease in goats is extremely limited. Currently, only ceftiofur has been approved for use in this species. Concerns over the development of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria that infect humans have led to proposed restrictions on the use of this drug in food-producing animals. Tulathromycin, a triamilide macrolide antibiotic found to be safe and effective against respiratory bacterial pathogens in cattle and swine, was formulated to enhance persistence in lung tissue. The Minor Use Animal Drug Program (National Research Support Project-7) identifies and supports research directed at meeting the Food and Drug ...


Pramlintide In The Management Of Obesity, Melissa C. Jones, Heather F. DeBellis, Kimberly L. Barefield 2010 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Pramlintide In The Management Of Obesity, Melissa C. Jones, Heather F. Debellis, Kimberly L. Barefield

PCOM Scholarly Papers

Obesity is a common problem that can lead to numerous comorbid conditions, including Type 2 diabetes. Currently, there are few pharmacologic options available to help obese patients lose weight. Pramlintide is an injectable, amylin analogue that is indicated in patients with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes for use in conjunction with insulin to improve glycemic control. In addition to helping patients decrease hemoglobin A1c levels, pramlintide has also been shown to minimize weight gain, especially in patients with Type 2 diabetes. Studies have been conducted in various patient types, including those patients without diabetes, and the drug tends to ...


Micrornas In Inflammatory Lung Disease--Master Regulators Or Target Practice?, Irene K. Oglesby, Noel G. McElvaney, Catherine M. Greene 2010 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Micrornas In Inflammatory Lung Disease--Master Regulators Or Target Practice?, Irene K. Oglesby, Noel G. Mcelvaney, Catherine M. Greene

Medicine Articles

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as a class of regulatory RNAs with immense significance in numerous biological processes. When aberrantly expressed miRNAs have been shown to play a role in the pathogenesis of several disease states. Extensive research has explored miRNA involvement in the development and fate of immune cells and in both the innate and adaptive immune responses whereby strong evidence links miRNA expression to signalling pathways and receptors with critical roles in the inflammatory response such as NF-κB and the toll-like receptors, respectively. Recent studies have revealed that unique miRNA expression profiles exist in inflammatory lung diseases such as ...


Survival Rates Of Short-Span Implant-Supported Cantilever Fixed Dental Prostheses, Gary L. Stafford 2010 Marquette University

Survival Rates Of Short-Span Implant-Supported Cantilever Fixed Dental Prostheses, Gary L. Stafford

School of Dentistry Faculty Research and Publications

Data sources

Publications were sought using Medline, and searches were made by hand of the journals Clinical Oral Implants Research, International Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry, Journal of Periodontology, Journal of Clinical Periodontology and the International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants, along with reference lists of identified articles.

Study selection

Titles and abstracts were initially screened by two independent reviewers to identify prospective or retrospective longitudinal cohort studies or controlled studies reporting on implantsupported cantilever fixed dental prostheses (ICFDP) with a mean followup period of at least 5 years. A clinical examination had to be performed at the ...


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