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Neuromechanical Analysis Of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Risk Factors In Female Collegiate Soccer Athletes, Nelson Cortes 2010 Old Dominion University

Neuromechanical Analysis Of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Risk Factors In Female Collegiate Soccer Athletes, Nelson Cortes

Human Movement Sciences Theses & Dissertations

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) acts in an essential role to prevent anterior tibial displacement when experiencing jump-landing forces that are applied to the lower extremity; more than 100,000 injuries per year in the United States in sport activities that often require landing, deceleration-acceleration, cutting and pivoting actions have been reported. The aim of this study was to examine the nature of any lower limb coupling differences between a drop-jump and a side-step cutting actions, assess kinematic and kinetic differences between three tasks, and evaluate the effects of two landing techniques in biomechanical risk factors while performing two unanticipated ...


The Effectiveness Of Counselors As Care Managers In Improving Self-Management And Medical Outcomes In Persons With Poorly Controlled Diabetes, Ularisi Rebecca Green 2010 Old Dominion University

The Effectiveness Of Counselors As Care Managers In Improving Self-Management And Medical Outcomes In Persons With Poorly Controlled Diabetes, Ularisi Rebecca Green

Counseling & Human Services Theses & Dissertations

This study investigated whether providing counselors as care managers to individuals who were having difficulty managing their Type II diabetes improved their self-management, health, and functioning. Counselors used the Motivational Interviewing Model and met weekly over a six month period with patients who had Type II diabetes who had been identified as not functioning well in managing their disease. The success of the intervention was determined by a number of measures including physical symptoms of patients; patients' perceptions of the care they received; and patients' self-efficacy in managing their diabetes. The results of this study suggested that providing counselors as ...


Reliability Of Surface Electromyography During Maximal Voluntary Isometric Contractions, Jump Landings, And Cutting, McKenzie Fauth, Erich Petushek, Christina Feldmann, Brittni Hsu, Luke Garceau, Brittney Lutsch, William Ebben 2010 Marquette University

Reliability Of Surface Electromyography During Maximal Voluntary Isometric Contractions, Jump Landings, And Cutting, Mckenzie Fauth, Erich Petushek, Christina Feldmann, Brittni Hsu, Luke Garceau, Brittney Lutsch, William Ebben

Exercise Science Faculty Research and Publications

The reliability of electromyographic (EMG) data has been examined for isometric and slow dynamic tasks, but little is known about the repeatability of this data for ballistic movements. The purpose of this study was to examine the within-session, trial-to-trial reliability of a variety of quadriceps and hamstrings muscles during isometric and ballistic activities. Data were analyzed by way of intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC), intersubject coefficients of variation (CVinter), and intrasubject coefficients of variation (CVintra). Twenty-four subjects performed 3 repetitions each of 2 randomly ordered test exercises, including landing from a depth jump (J) and cutting after a 10-m ...


Relationship Of Tear Size And Location To Fatty Degeneration Of The Rotator Cuff, H. Mike Kim, Nirvikar Dahiya, Sharlene A. Teefey, Jay D. Keener, Leesa M. Galatz, Ken Yamaguchi 2010 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Relationship Of Tear Size And Location To Fatty Degeneration Of The Rotator Cuff, H. Mike Kim, Nirvikar Dahiya, Sharlene A. Teefey, Jay D. Keener, Leesa M. Galatz, Ken Yamaguchi

Open Access Publications

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Cocaine And Ecstasy On Cardiac Myocytes And The Intact Myocardium, David A. Tiangco 2010 Old Dominion University

The Effects Of Cocaine And Ecstasy On Cardiac Myocytes And The Intact Myocardium, David A. Tiangco

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Cocaine and ecstasy are widely used illicit drugs. Both drugs have undergone intense scrutiny as information regarding their side-effects has become available. One important yet incomplete area of investigation pertains to their effects on the heart. The purpose of the current studies was to test the hypothesis that exposure to cocaine or ecstasy will adversely affect cellular homeostasis and normal heart function. Cultured cardiac myocytes (H9c2) and New Zealand White rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) were used to measure the responses to various concentrations of cocaine or ecstasy at both the cellular and intact organ system levels. We observed that cocaine and ...


Subjective Versus Objective Hearing Screening Results Of Rural Elementary School-Aged Children, Meagan Chatelain McClure 2010 Louisiana Tech University

Subjective Versus Objective Hearing Screening Results Of Rural Elementary School-Aged Children, Meagan Chatelain Mcclure

Doctoral Dissertations

The present study compared the pass/refer results of traditional ASHA recommended hearing screenings to transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs), distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs), and screening tympanometry among young students at a rural, medically underserved population at an elementary school. Sixty-seven students (31 boys and 36 girls) from kindergarten to 3rd grade participated in this study. Ten were Hispanic and had English as a second language. Each child had his/her hearing screened at 500 Hz and by the ASHA recommended method for pure tone screenings and by TEOAEs and DPOAEs. Tympanometry was also performed on 53 students. The ...


Sound Pressure Levels Measured At Preferred Listening Levels Of Ipod Users Using Knowles Electronic Manikin For Acoustical Research, Ahmad Brandelle Alexander 2010 Louisiana Tech University

Sound Pressure Levels Measured At Preferred Listening Levels Of Ipod Users Using Knowles Electronic Manikin For Acoustical Research, Ahmad Brandelle Alexander

Doctoral Dissertations

The present study (1) examined the sound pressure levels (SPLs) of iPod users and nonusers at preferred listening levels measured on Knowles Electronic Manikin for Acoustical Research (KEMAR), and (2) determined if those SPLs exceeded the OSHA standards for acceptable hearing levels. Forty subjects, divided into one of the four following groups participated in this study: (1) inexperienced males, (2) experienced males, (3) inexperienced females, or (4) experienced females. Each participant was asked to set the music stimuli to their preferred listening level while in the presence of background noise, simulating a real world listening environment. SPL values were then ...


Acceptable Noise Levels In Children Ages 10 To 11 Years And 14 To 15 Years, Krystal Sullivan Ware 2010 Louisiana Tech University

Acceptable Noise Levels In Children Ages 10 To 11 Years And 14 To 15 Years, Krystal Sullivan Ware

Doctoral Dissertations

The present study measured acceptance of background noise in 35 children (age 10–11 and 14–15 years) with normal hearing sensitivity. Acceptance of background noise was measured using the acceptable noise level (ANL) procedure. To obtain an ANL, participants' MCL was first obtained using a running story. Then a competing stimulus (i.e., speech babble or speech spectrum noise) was introduced, and the listeners were asked to adjust the level of the background noise to the most he/she could put up with and follow the story for a long period of time. This level was called background noise ...


Metabolic Consequences Of Antiepileptic Drugs, Scott Mintzer 2010 Thomas Jefferson University

Metabolic Consequences Of Antiepileptic Drugs, Scott Mintzer

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Purpose of Review: Chemical properties of the widely used older generation antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) suggest that they might be responsible for a number of medical comorbidities. Recent Findings: AEDs which induce the cytochrome P450 system adversely affect bone, lipid, and gonadal steroid metabolism. Specifically, phenytoin causes loss of bone mass in women, and both phenytoin and carbamazepine produce increases in serum lipids and C-reactive protein, as well as decreases in bioactive testosterone in men. Patients treated with inducing AEDs are at increased risk of fracture. Some contradictory data raise the question of whether bone mass is truly related to enzyme ...


Valproate Semisodium Er For Migraine And Cluster Headache Prophylaxis., Brigitte V. Lovell, Michael J. Marmura 2010 Thomas Jefferson University

Valproate Semisodium Er For Migraine And Cluster Headache Prophylaxis., Brigitte V. Lovell, Michael J. Marmura

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD: Migraine and cluster headache (CH) are disabling syndromes that often require prophylactic treatment. Valproate semisodium ER (VPS ER) is FDA-approved for the treatment of epilepsy, acute mania in bipolar disorder and migraine prophylaxis.

AREAS COVERED IN THIS REVIEW: We reviewed literature regarding VPS ER pharmacokinetics and its use in migraine and CH prophylaxis.

WHAT THE READER WILL GAIN: VPS ER is well studied and effective in the preventive treatment of migraine and CH. This article reviews the evidence for its use, describes how to administer and dose this medication, and reviews important safety precautions.

TAKE HOME ...


Resolution Of Clinical Signs Of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia In Trauma Patients, Kathryn A. Connor, Joseph M. Swanson, Bradley A. Boucher, G. Christopher Wood 2010 St. John Fisher College

Resolution Of Clinical Signs Of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia In Trauma Patients, Kathryn A. Connor, Joseph M. Swanson, Bradley A. Boucher, G. Christopher Wood

Pharmacy Faculty/Staff Publications

Objectives: The ATS/IDSA Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) guidelines suggest that clinical improvement of VAP should be apparent within 3–6 days. This study evaluated resolution of clinical signs of VAP in trauma patients after diagnosis.

Methods: Critically injured adults admitted to the trauma intensive care unit (ICU) from June 1, 2006, to December 31, 2007, and subsequently given a diagnosis of VAP were retrospectively assessed. Clinical signs, including derangements of maximum temperature (Tmax), white blood cell (WBC) count, and PaO2/FiO2, were evaluated on days 1–16 after VAP diagnosis. Data are presented as mean ± SD unless otherwise stated. Clinical ...


Breast Cancer In The Context Of A Non-Supportive Intimate Partner In Older Women: Overview Of A Descriptive Study, Erika Metzler Sawin 2010 James Madison University

Breast Cancer In The Context Of A Non-Supportive Intimate Partner In Older Women: Overview Of A Descriptive Study, Erika Metzler Sawin

Erika Metzler Sawin

No abstract provided.


Early Rehabilitation Targeting Cognition, Behavior, And Motor Function After Lumbar Fusion. A Randomized Controlled Trial, Allan Abbott, Raija Tyni-Lenne´, Rune Hedlund 2010 Selected Works

Early Rehabilitation Targeting Cognition, Behavior, And Motor Function After Lumbar Fusion. A Randomized Controlled Trial, Allan Abbott, Raija Tyni-Lenne´, Rune Hedlund

Allan D. Abbott

Study Design - Open label randomized controlled trial with 3-, 6-, 12-month, and 2- to 3-year follow-up.

Objective - To investigate the effectiveness of a psychomotor therapy focusing on cognition, behavior, and motor relearning compared with exercise therapy applied during the first 3 months after lumbar fusion.

Summary of Background Data - Postoperative management after lumbar fusion commonly focuses on analgesic pain control and activities of daily living. After 3 months, exercise therapy is often implemented. No randomized controlled trial has investigated early rehabilitation techniques conducted during the first 3 months after surgery.

Methods - The study recruited 107 patients, aged 18 to 65 ...


Neurobiological Markers Of Schizophrenia: Findings From Indian Studies Of Early Psychoses, Amresh Srivastava, Megan Johnston, John John, Harsha Halahalli, Shivarama Varambally Varambally 2010 University of Western Ontario

Neurobiological Markers Of Schizophrenia: Findings From Indian Studies Of Early Psychoses, Amresh Srivastava, Megan Johnston, John John, Harsha Halahalli, Shivarama Varambally Varambally

Amresh Srivastava

Neurobiological Markers of Schizophrenia: Findings from Indian Studies of Early Psychoses. Amresh Srivastava, Megan Johnston, John John, Harsha Halahalli,Shivarama Varambally 1The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada/3NIMHANS, Banglore , Karnataka , India OVERALL PANEL PROPOSAL: Advancement in technology together with early intervention studies have revealed a great deal about changes in neurobiological profile of brain in schizophrenia. In last fifteen years , there has been a trend all over the world to study early psychosis from the perspective of not only risk factors and causes of psychosis but also about brain vulnerability to understand what exactly happens that emotional reactivity ...


Culture Care Theory Application In Gerontology Curriculum: Seniors In Crisis Poverty, Ann Hubbert 2010 Boise State University

Culture Care Theory Application In Gerontology Curriculum: Seniors In Crisis Poverty, Ann Hubbert

Ann Hubbert

No abstract provided.


Cambodia’S Victim Zero: Global And National Responses To Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza, Sophal Ear 2010 Occidental College

Cambodia’S Victim Zero: Global And National Responses To Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza, Sophal Ear

Sophal Ear

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Transmission Dynamics Of A Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella Typhimurium Outbreak In A Dairy Farm, Cristina Lanzas, L Warnick, K James, E Wright, M Wiedmann, Y Grohn 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Transmission Dynamics Of A Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella Typhimurium Outbreak In A Dairy Farm, Cristina Lanzas, L Warnick, K James, E Wright, M Wiedmann, Y Grohn

Cristina Lanzas

Cattle are recognized as an important source of foodborne Salmonella causing human illness, particularly for antimicrobial-resistant strains. The transmission dynamics of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Salmonella after the onset of a clinical outbreak in a dairy farm has been rarely monitored. The early transmission of a pathogen influences the outbreak size and persistence of the pathogen at the farm level and, therefore, how long the herd represents a risk for Salmonella zoonotic transmission. The objective of this study was to describe the transmission dynamics of MDR Salmonella Typhimurium after the onset of a clinical outbreak in a dairy herd. For that purpose ...


Keeping In Touch: Cell Phone Use In People With Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, lora beebe, Kathleen Smith, chris Bennett, katherine bentley, amanda walters, beverly hancock, shirley farmer, karen earle, sheila white 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Keeping In Touch: Cell Phone Use In People With Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, Lora Beebe, Kathleen Smith, Chris Bennett, Katherine Bentley, Amanda Walters, Beverly Hancock, Shirley Farmer, Karen Earle, Sheila White

Lora Humphrey Beebe PhD, PMHNP-BC

There is limited research exploring telephone intervention for psychiatric clients; no studies specific to cell phone use have been conducted. This pilot study examined the feasibility and acceptability of cell phone use in individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs). Ten outpatients with SSDs were provided with previously activated cell phones for 5 months; trained nurses contacted participants weekly. Seven participants completed the 5-month follow-up period. A minority of participants reported difficulty retrieving messages and answering or charging their phone. These preliminary findings indicate the majority of individuals with SSDs are willing to use this method of communication and are able ...


A Phase I Dose Escalation Study Of A Pharmacobiologically Based Scheduling Of Capecitabine And Mitomycin C In Patients With Gastrointestinal Malignancies., Miguel A. Villalona Calero M.D. 2010 Selected Works

A Phase I Dose Escalation Study Of A Pharmacobiologically Based Scheduling Of Capecitabine And Mitomycin C In Patients With Gastrointestinal Malignancies., Miguel A. Villalona Calero M.D.

Miguel Villalona Calero

BACKGROUND:
Mitomycin C (MMC) produces significant upregulation of thymidine phosphorylase, a principal determinant of the therapeutic index of capecitabine-based treatment, starting 4-6 days after treatment. On the basis of the time-dependency of this upregulation, we performed a phase I dose escalation study of capecitabine and MMC in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies.
METHODS:
A total of 29 patients with advanced gastrointestinal malignancies received MMC at 6 mg/m2 on day 1 and capecitabine escalated in four successive patient cohorts of doses 500-1,000 mg/m2/day twice daily on days 8-21, every 28 days. MMC was capped at 36 mg/m2 ...


Simulation And Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Learning Cancer Care Through High Fidelity Laboratory Practice (Poster), Luanne Linnard-Palmer 2010 Department of Nursing, Dominican University of California

Simulation And Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Learning Cancer Care Through High Fidelity Laboratory Practice (Poster), Luanne Linnard-Palmer

Luanne Linnard-Palmer

No abstract available


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