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A Comparative Study Of Assessment Grading And Nursing Students' Perceptions Of Quality In Sessional And Tenured Teachers, Yenna Salamonson, Elizabeth J. Halcomb, Sharon Andrew, Kathleen Peters, Debra Jackson 2010 University of Western Sydney

A Comparative Study Of Assessment Grading And Nursing Students' Perceptions Of Quality In Sessional And Tenured Teachers, Yenna Salamonson, Elizabeth J. Halcomb, Sharon Andrew, Kathleen Peters, Debra Jackson

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Purpose: Although the global nursing faculty shortage has led to increasing reliance upon sessional staff, limited research has explored the impact of these sessional staff on the quality of teaching in higher education. We aim to examine differences in (a) student satisfaction with sessional and tenured staff and (b) assessment scores awarded by sessional and tenured staff in students' written assignments. Design: A comparative study method was used. Participants were recruited from students enrolled in the three nursing practice subjects across the 3 years of the baccalaureate program in an Australian university during the second semester of 2008. Methods: This ...


Sessional Teachers In A Bn Program: Bridging The Divide Or Widening The Gap?, Sharon Andrew, Elizabeth J. Halcomb, Debra Jackson, Kath Peters, Yenna Salamonson 2010 University of Western Sydney

Sessional Teachers In A Bn Program: Bridging The Divide Or Widening The Gap?, Sharon Andrew, Elizabeth J. Halcomb, Debra Jackson, Kath Peters, Yenna Salamonson

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Casualisation of the academic workforce has resulted in an increase in the employment of sessional teachers in Bachelor of Nursing (BN) programs. Many of these teachers are drawn from specialty clinical areas and continue to work clinically while teaching part-time. The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of sessional teachers about their perceived contribution to an undergraduate Bachelor of Nursing program in a single Australian university. Twelve sessional teachers participated in semi-structured interviews as part of a larger mixed method study exploring the issues related to sessional teaching in the Bachelor of Nursing program. Three themes emerged ...


Development Of A Clinician-Led Research Agenda For General Practice Nurses, Elizabeth J. Halcomb, Louise Hickman 2010 University of Western Sydney

Development Of A Clinician-Led Research Agenda For General Practice Nurses, Elizabeth J. Halcomb, Louise Hickman

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Objective: This study sought to identify and prioritise research issues as perceived by Australian general practice nurses. In this context, a research priority refers to the most pressing research problems that necessitate exploration to improve clinical practice. Design: This paper reports the findings of a two-round Delphi study. Initially, focus groups identified research issues. Subsequently, an online survey facilitated ranking of these issues on a 5-point Likert scale. Setting: Australian general practices. Subjects: Twenty-five practice nurses participated in the focus groups and 145 practice nurses responded to an online survey. Main outcome measure(s): The main outcome measure was the ...


Vascular Pharmacotherapy And Dementia, Oliver Piguet, Brett Garner 2010 Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute

Vascular Pharmacotherapy And Dementia, Oliver Piguet, Brett Garner

Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute

The incidence of dementia is increasing dramatically with the ageing population. Increasing evidence indicates that vascular disease is associated with cognitive decline and with the most common form of dementia, Alzheimer's disease (AD). Cardiovascular risk factors such as hyperlipidaemia, hypertension and type 2 diabetes have attracted attention as potential targets in the prevention of dementia. The present review aims to provide a concise overview of the recent advances linking vascular disease with dementia (with a particular focus on AD) and to examine the evidence for efficacy, where possible, for utilising vascular pharmacotherapy as a treatment option for dementia. © 2010 ...


Changes In Colon Gene Expression Associated With Increased Colon Inflammation In Interleukin-10 Gene-Deficient Mice Inoculated With Enterococcus Species, Matthew PG Barnett, Warren C. McNabb, Adrian L. Cookson, Shuotun Zhu, Marcus Davy, Bianca Knoch, Katie Nones, Alison J. Hodgkinson, Nicole Roy 2010 AgResearch Grasslands

Changes In Colon Gene Expression Associated With Increased Colon Inflammation In Interleukin-10 Gene-Deficient Mice Inoculated With Enterococcus Species, Matthew Pg Barnett, Warren C. Mcnabb, Adrian L. Cookson, Shuotun Zhu, Marcus Davy, Bianca Knoch, Katie Nones, Alison J. Hodgkinson, Nicole Roy

Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute

Background: Inappropriate responses to normal intestinal bacteria may be involved in the development of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD, e.g. Crohn's Disease (CD), Ulcerative Colitis (UC)) and variations in the host genome may mediate this process. IL-10 gene-deficient (Il10-/-) mice develop CD-like colitis mainly in the colon, in part due to inappropriate responses to normal intestinal bacteria including Enterococcus strains, and have therefore been used as an animal model of CD. Comprehensive characterization of changes in cecum gene expression levels associated with inflammation in the Il10-/- mouse model has recently been reported. Our aim was to characterize changes in ...


Molecular Characterization Of The Onset And Progression Of Colitis In Inoculated Interleukin-10 Gene-Deficient Mice: A Role For Pparcx, Bianca Knoch, Matthew Barnett, Janine Cooney, Warren McNabb, Diane Barraclough, William Laing, Shuotun Zhu, Zaneta A. Park, Paul MacLean, Scott O. Knowles, Nicole Roy 2010 University of Wollongong

Molecular Characterization Of The Onset And Progression Of Colitis In Inoculated Interleukin-10 Gene-Deficient Mice: A Role For Pparcx, Bianca Knoch, Matthew Barnett, Janine Cooney, Warren Mcnabb, Diane Barraclough, William Laing, Shuotun Zhu, Zaneta A. Park, Paul Maclean, Scott O. Knowles, Nicole Roy

Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute

The interleukin-10 gene-deficient (Il10−/−) mouse is a model of human inflammatory bowel disease and Ppara has been identified as one of the key genes involved in regulation of colitis in the bacterially inoculated Il10−/− model. The aims were to (1) characterize colitis onset and progression using a histopathological, transcriptomic, and proteomic approach and (2) investigate links between PPARα and IL10 using gene network analysis. Bacterial inoculation resulted in severe colitis in Il10−/− mice from 10 to 12 weeks of age. Innate and adaptive immune responses showed differences in gene expression relating to colitis severity. Actin cytoskeleton dynamics, innate immunity, and ...


Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Alpha Target Genes, Maryam Rakhshandehroo, Bianca Knoch, Michael Muller, Sander Kersten 2010 University of Wollongong

Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Alpha Target Genes, Maryam Rakhshandehroo, Bianca Knoch, Michael Muller, Sander Kersten

Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute

The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) is a ligand-activated transcription factor involved in the regulation of a variety of processes, ranging from inflammation and immunity to nutrientmetabolism and energy homeostasis. PPARα serves as amolecular target for hypolipidemic fibrates drugs which bind the receptor with high affinity. Furthermore, PPARα binds and is activated by numerous fatty acids and fatty acid-derived compounds. PPARα governs biological processes by altering the expression of a large number of target genes. Accordingly, the specific role of PPARα is directly related to the biological function of its target genes. Here, we present an overview of the involvement ...


Potential Control Of Antipsychotic-Induced Hyperprolactinemia And Obesity In Children And Adolescents By Aripiprazole, J Lian, Xu-Feng Huang, Nagesh Pai, Chao Deng 2010 University of Wollongong

Potential Control Of Antipsychotic-Induced Hyperprolactinemia And Obesity In Children And Adolescents By Aripiprazole, J Lian, Xu-Feng Huang, Nagesh Pai, Chao Deng

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The paper published in your journal by Migiliardi et al. (2009) reported that increased hyperprolactinemia is a major side-effect of risperidone and olanzapine treatment in children and adolescents. They showed that risperidone could cause 10 times higher prolactin levels than olanzapine treatment in children and adolescents. This was a well-designed study that controlled for dose, gender, and individual differences, as well as response differences to treatment duration (Migliardi et al. 2009). However, another important issue that should be considered, but was not reported in this study, is antipsychotic-induced weight gain/obesity. Clinical data have demonstrated that weight gain is a ...


Student Nurses' Experience Of Simulation In Preparation For Practice, Stephen Prescott, Joanne Garside, Angela Hope 2010 University of Huddersfield

Student Nurses' Experience Of Simulation In Preparation For Practice, Stephen Prescott, Joanne Garside, Angela Hope

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

At the University of Huddersfield the acquisition of skills and underpinning knowledge through simulation has been firmly embedded into the pre-registration nursing curriculum. This workshop will provide a summary of a pilot project on student evaluation, and the outcomes from a phenomenological study involving final year nursing students' experiences of simulation throughout the curriculum. Simulation took several differing approaches in order to maximize learning opportunities and provide innovative assessment strategies.


Teaching In The Simulated Learning Environment, Leeanne Heaton 2010 University of Wollongong

Teaching In The Simulated Learning Environment, Leeanne Heaton

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Abstract of a presentation that was presented at SimTecT Health 2010, 30 August - 2 September, Melbourne, Australia.


Simplification With Fixed-Dose Tenofovir-Emtricitabine Or Abacavir-Lamivudine In Treatment Experienced, Virologically Suppressed Adults With Hiv Infection: Combined Analysis Of Two Randomised, Non-Inferiority Trials Bicombo And Steal, Janaki Amin, E De Lazzari, Sean Emery, Allison Martin, E Martinez, Andrew Carr, J Gatell, David A. Cooper 2010 University of New South Wales

Simplification With Fixed-Dose Tenofovir-Emtricitabine Or Abacavir-Lamivudine In Treatment Experienced, Virologically Suppressed Adults With Hiv Infection: Combined Analysis Of Two Randomised, Non-Inferiority Trials Bicombo And Steal, Janaki Amin, E De Lazzari, Sean Emery, Allison Martin, E Martinez, Andrew Carr, J Gatell, David A. Cooper

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Background: There is uncertainty about the comparative safety and effi cacy of the fi xed-dose-combination tablets tenofovir 300mg+emtricitabine 200mg (TDF/FTC); and abacavir 600mg+lamivudine 300mg (ABC/3TC). Methods: We used random effects meta-analysis to compare 96 week data for ABC/3TC and TDF/FTC randomised arms from the BICOMBO (n=333) and STEAL (n=357) treatment experienced and virologically suppressed switch studies. Endpoints included: virological failure (VF, repeat plasma HIV RNA >400 copies/mL); mean change to week 96 in CD4 and metabolic parameters; proportion with serious non-AIDS events (SNAEs, retrospectively collected in BICOMBO). We used exact statistics ...


Dumping, Sweeping And Trampling: Experimental Micromorphological Analysis Of Anthropogenically Modified Combustion Features, Christopher E. Miller, Nicholas J. Conard, Paul Goldberg, Francesco Berna 2010 Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen

Dumping, Sweeping And Trampling: Experimental Micromorphological Analysis Of Anthropogenically Modified Combustion Features, Christopher E. Miller, Nicholas J. Conard, Paul Goldberg, Francesco Berna

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Six experimental fireplaces were constructed to investigate the ability of micromorphology to identify anthropogenic reworking of combustion features and to build a reference base of experimentally-derived conditions to calibrate micromorphological conditions. After burning, the fireplaces were either swept out, swept out and the material dumped, trampled, or a combination of these three. Micromorphological examination showed that these processes produce distinct characteristics readily identifiable at the microscopic scale. The application of this experiment to combustion-related features at the Paleolithic site of Hohle Fels in Germany showed that micromorphological examination of anthropogenic deposits-supported by experimental observations -provides an important context in which ...


A Correlational Study Of Telework Frequency, Information Communication Technology, And Job Satisfaction Of Home-Based Teleworkers, Shana P. Webster-Trotman 2010 Walden University

A Correlational Study Of Telework Frequency, Information Communication Technology, And Job Satisfaction Of Home-Based Teleworkers, Shana P. Webster-Trotman

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

In 2008, 33.7 million Americans teleworked from home. The Telework Enhancement Act (S. 707) and the Telework Improvements Act (H.R. 1722) of 2009 were designed to increase the number of teleworkers. The research problem addressed was the lack of understanding of factors that influence home-based teleworkers' job satisfaction. Job dissatisfaction has been found to have a significant impact on voluntary turnover. The purpose of the study was to assess the relationship among telework frequency, information communication technology (ICT), and job satisfaction. The research questions were designed to answer whether correlational relationships exist among telework frequency, ICT, and job ...


Managing Health Care In A Libyan Public Hospital: A Case Study, Alexandria K. Osborne 2010 Walden University

Managing Health Care In A Libyan Public Hospital: A Case Study, Alexandria K. Osborne

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Libyan citizens who can afford private health care are opting out of the public health care system. They have a perception that the quality of public health care has deteriorated. The negative perceptions have resulted in a lack of trust by many of Libyan's citizens in the Libyan public health care system and consequently to unequal access to quality health care. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that have led to the negative perceptions and mistrust. The conceptual support for the study was based on a construct of trust that defines trust as the state ...


Who Shares? Managerial Knowledge Transfer Practices In British Columbia's Ministry Of Health Services, Gwendolyn Elizabeth Lock 2010 Walden University

Who Shares? Managerial Knowledge Transfer Practices In British Columbia's Ministry Of Health Services, Gwendolyn Elizabeth Lock

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The British Columbia government's Ministry of Health Services will experience significant loss of operational knowledge from an aging managerial workforce, increased staff turnover, and difficulties in recruitment. The purpose of this study is to provide the ministry's Strategic Human Resources Planning branch staff with a map and description of knowledge transfer practices used by approximately 40 managers within the ministry's Health Sector Information Management/Information Technology division and its Vital Statistics Agency. The study is a mixed-methods case study of knowledge retention and transfer practices founded on a knowledge management and social network theoretical foundation. To understand ...


Perspectives Of Executive Women: Life Choices And Balancing Career With Marriage And Children, Wendy James 2010 Walden University

Perspectives Of Executive Women: Life Choices And Balancing Career With Marriage And Children, Wendy James

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

This qualitative study investigated the experiences of executive women and their choices in balancing work with marriage and children. Research on women in the workplace tends to conflate categories of hourly workers, part-time employees, and middle- and upper-management careers. Yet, the literature on balancing career and family life does not adequately portray the experiences of executive women. The purpose of the study was to discover executive women's perceptions about their career, how they chose their path, and how their career choices affected their decisions about marriage and children. The research questions for this study examined: (a) The effect of ...


The Impact Of Stakeholder Collaboration On Effectiveness Of Health Program Implementation In Ghana, Samuel Kwami Agbanu 2010 Walden University

The Impact Of Stakeholder Collaboration On Effectiveness Of Health Program Implementation In Ghana, Samuel Kwami Agbanu

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Healthcare providers increasingly recognize the importance of collaboration among stakeholders in cost-effective healthcare delivery. While collaborative relationships offer great advantages, little research has addressed their relevance in an international development aid context, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. The region is a major recipient of international development support, yet health indicators on HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and child and maternal mortality indicate the health of the region is among the weakest worldwide. This sequential mixed method, descriptive study of a USAID-funded community health program in Ghana examined the nature of collaboration among six stakeholders and impact of this collaboration on effectiveness of ...


The Relationship Between Leadership Styles And Performance Success In Hospitals, Beverly J. D. Hernandez 2010 Walden University

The Relationship Between Leadership Styles And Performance Success In Hospitals, Beverly J. D. Hernandez

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Upheavals in the health care landscape threaten the sustainability of contemporary hospital organizations. Yet there is limited research regarding the characteristics of leaders within successful hospitals. The problem is the leadership styles needed to effectively run hospital organizations have not been identified and/or established. The purpose of this study was to develop a model of congruent leadership styles linked to the success of hospitals in one metropolitan city. The research questions sought to uncover (a) consistent leadership styles within successful hospitals, and (b) what, if any, relationship exists between leadership styles and measures of success. Examination of the literature ...


Vertical Facial And Dental Arch Dimensional Changes In Extraction Vs. Non-Extraction Orthodontic Treatment, Meena Kumari, Mubassar Fida 2010 Aga Khan University

Vertical Facial And Dental Arch Dimensional Changes In Extraction Vs. Non-Extraction Orthodontic Treatment, Meena Kumari, Mubassar Fida

Section of Dental-Oral Maxillofacial Surgery

OBJECTIVE: To compare the vertical facial and dental arch dimensional changes occurring with extraction and nonextraction orthodontic treatments.

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparative study.

PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi during the period 2003 to 2005.

METHODOLOGY: Data were collected using records of patients who visited the study setting during the study period. Pre- and post-treatment lateral cephalographs and study casts of 81 orthodontic patients (41=non-extraction and 40=premolar extractions) were taken. Variables used for evaluating vertical dimension were Frankfort mandibular plane angle (FMA), facial height (N-Me), facial height ratio (N-ANS/ANS-Me), soft tissue facial ...


Manual Handling Workload And Musculoskeletal Discomfort Among Warehouse Personnel, Terrance N. Knox 2010 Walden University

Manual Handling Workload And Musculoskeletal Discomfort Among Warehouse Personnel, Terrance N. Knox

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSD), specifically physical and muscular discomfort in the upper arm, lower arm, thigh, lower leg, wrist, shoulders, back, or neck, are among the most frequently reported workplace injuries in the United States. The dearth of knowledge about the types of workloads that may contribute to the development of WRMSD was the impetus of this research. The study aimed to identify antecedents of WRMSD among warehouse workers in order to reduce WRMSDs and increase productivity as expressed in a systems perspective on industrial health. The research questions examined the prevalence of specific WRMSDs, the relationship of high-risk tasks ...


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