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Interaction Of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha And The Renin Angiotensin System In The Pathogenesis Of Hypertension, Srinivas Sriramula 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Interaction Of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha And The Renin Angiotensin System In The Pathogenesis Of Hypertension, Srinivas Sriramula

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Hypertension is a major predisposing factor for the development of cardiovascular and renal diseases. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and stroke. Angiotensin II (Ang II), the effector peptide of the RAS, activates a wide spectrum of signaling responses via the Ang II type-I receptor that mediate its physiological control of blood pressure, thirst and sodium balance. For the past two decades, increasing evidence has demonstrated that the circulatory RAS and local/tissue RAS components (heart and brain) may contribute to the development of hypertensive ...


Revealing The Role Of Receptor Wsx1: A Double-Edged Sword In Tumor Progession, Denada Dibra 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Revealing The Role Of Receptor Wsx1: A Double-Edged Sword In Tumor Progession, Denada Dibra

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Tumor initiation and progression are dependent on both aberrant gene expression in tumor cells and the communication between tumor cells and its micro- and systemic microenvironment. Many tumor suppressor genes and oncogenes have been characterized to suppress or promote tumor growth, but fewer genes in tumors are well-characterized as interacting with immune cells in the host to promote or inhibit tumor growth. The interleukin (IL) 27 receptor WSX1 is expressed in immune cells and induces an IL27-dependent immune response. Opposing this conventional dogma, our initial results reveal a much higher level of WSX1 expression in multiple types of epithelial tumor ...


Association Of Television Viewing With Fasting And 2-H Postchallenge Plasma Glucose Levels In Adults Without Diagnosed Diabetes, Terence Dunstan, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Obioha Ukoumunne, Angela Pezic, Alison Venn, David Dunstan, Elizabeth Barr, Steven Blair, Jennifer Cochrane, Paul Zimmet, Jonathan Shaw 2010 Australian Catholic University

Association Of Television Viewing With Fasting And 2-H Postchallenge Plasma Glucose Levels In Adults Without Diagnosed Diabetes, Terence Dunstan, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Obioha Ukoumunne, Angela Pezic, Alison Venn, David Dunstan, Elizabeth Barr, Steven Blair, Jennifer Cochrane, Paul Zimmet, Jonathan Shaw

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objectives: To investigate the association between change in daily step count and both adiposity and insulin sensitivity and the extent to which the association between change in daily step count and insulin sensitivity may be mediated by adiposity.


The Role Of Bone Marrow In Siv Pathogenesis Using The Rhesus Macaque Model, Amy F. Gill 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Role Of Bone Marrow In Siv Pathogenesis Using The Rhesus Macaque Model, Amy F. Gill

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

CD4+ memory T cells are depleted in mucosal tissues post human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection without restoration to pre-infection levels during progressive course of disease. Bone marrow (BM) as a hematopoietic organ has been investigated for hematologic and morphologic changes during HIV infection. However, BM as a primary lymphoid tissue during HIV infection has been poorly characterized. We proposed BM was also a site of CD4+ T cell depletion driven by increased apoptosis during progressive HIV disease. We chose to investigate bone marrow changes using the premier non-human primate Rhesus macaque SIV model for the ...


Emergency Department Physical Therapist Service: A Pilot Study Examining Physician Perceptions, Michele T. Lebec, Steven Cernohous, Lisa Tenbarge, Colleen Gest, Kristen Severson, Sharon Howard 2010 Northern Arizona University

Emergency Department Physical Therapist Service: A Pilot Study Examining Physician Perceptions, Michele T. Lebec, Steven Cernohous, Lisa Tenbarge, Colleen Gest, Kristen Severson, Sharon Howard

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Though physical therapist consultation has been described as a means of enhancing care in the Emergency Department (ED), such services are rare and often poorly understood. This pilot study utilizes qualitative methodology for the purpose of describing how one group of emergency physicians experienced with physical therapist consultation in the ED perceive these services and the challenges associated with their provision. Transcripts of interviews with 11 emergency physicians were analyzed for recurrent themes. Findings indicated that these physicians found ED physical therapist services to be of value for themselves, their patients, and the department as a whole and described specific ...


Factors Identified By Physiotherapists That Influence The Retention Of Regional Clinicians: A Qualitative Investigation, Elli Miles, Robyn Adams, Sophie Anaf, Lorraine Sheppard 2010 James Cook University

Factors Identified By Physiotherapists That Influence The Retention Of Regional Clinicians: A Qualitative Investigation, Elli Miles, Robyn Adams, Sophie Anaf, Lorraine Sheppard

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Objective: To identify factors influencing the retention of physiotherapists in one regional setting. Design: A qualitative framework using semi-structured interviews was used to collect data. Data were evaluated using thematic analysis. Setting: A regional city located on the coastline of Queensland, Australia, more than six hours drive from the capital city, Brisbane. Participants: Practicing physiotherapists employed by Queensland Health, the main public health employer. Main Outcome Measures: Retention themes identified from the interview transcripts. Results: The advantages of remaining employed in the regional city were centred on personal issues. Forty-four responses described personal advantages while 33 described professional advantages. The ...


Review Of: Orthotics And Prosthetics In Rehabilitation, Second Edition., Cindy LaPorte 2010 Alabama State University

Review Of: Orthotics And Prosthetics In Rehabilitation, Second Edition., Cindy Laporte

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Static Stretch And Muscular Contractions On Force Production Within The Human Triceps Surae Muscle-Tendon Complex, Anthony D. Kay 2010 Edith Cowan University

Impact Of Static Stretch And Muscular Contractions On Force Production Within The Human Triceps Surae Muscle-Tendon Complex, Anthony D. Kay

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Pre-performance routines commonly include stretching and intense muscular contractions in an attempt to optimise muscular performance and reduce injury risk. However, the isolated and combined effects of stretching and muscle contractions on neuromuscular performance are not well described. The aims of this research were to examine the effects of acute static stretch and intense muscular contractions on force production of the human plantarflexors and to examine possible mechanical and neuromuscular mechanisms underpinning any changes. Techniques including isokinetic dynamometry, electromyography (EMG), sonography and motion analysis were used in three studies on recreationally active human volunteers (n=20). In the first study ...


Living Life In Residential Aged Care: A Process Of Continuous Adjustment, Barbara McKenzie-Green 2010 Australian Catholic University

Living Life In Residential Aged Care: A Process Of Continuous Adjustment, Barbara Mckenzie-Green

Theses

The aim of this study was to examine whether, and how, residents living in residential aged care homes become involved in their care, and what areas of their care and life they work to influence or negotiate.


White Paper: Enhancing Adolescent Financial Capabilities Through Financial Education In Bangladesh, Sajeda Amin, Laila Rahman, Sigma Ainul, Ubaidur Rob, Bushra Zaman, Rinat Akter 2010 Population Council

White Paper: Enhancing Adolescent Financial Capabilities Through Financial Education In Bangladesh, Sajeda Amin, Laila Rahman, Sigma Ainul, Ubaidur Rob, Bushra Zaman, Rinat Akter

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

This white paper addresses a growing concern about the problems of financial exclusion of the poor. It is based on a scoping study and a pilot program providing financial education to adolescents in Bangladesh. The Population Council worked with BRAC and Underprivileged Children’s Educational Program (UCEP) to expand these life skills. The result and tools of the study inspired UCEP to commit introduction of financial literacy in 52 schools for the under privileged children from next year while BRAC expressed interest to accumulate resources and initiate discussions with their donors and consortium partners for gradually introducing the financial literacy ...


Building Programs To Address Child Marriage: The Berhane Hewan Experience In Ethiopia, Eunice N. Muthengi, Annabel Erulkar 2010 Population Council

Building Programs To Address Child Marriage: The Berhane Hewan Experience In Ethiopia, Eunice N. Muthengi, Annabel Erulkar

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

The development of a context-appropriate program to delay marriage in rural Ethiopia took place over many years and in stages. The program that ultimately became known as “Berhane Hewan” was developed by building an evidence base of understanding on the populations being served and developing partnerships between the Population Council and like-minded agencies with complementary expertise. The Berhane Hewan pilot demonstrated that significant impacts can be made on the social, educational, and health status of adolescent girls in a short period of time, through well designed and implemented support programs. However, high levels of exposure to all project components, make ...


Romance And Sex Before Marriage Among Young Women And Men In India, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Population Council 2010 Population Council

Romance And Sex Before Marriage Among Young Women And Men In India, International Institute For Population Sciences (Iips), Population Council

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

This policy brief was produced in association with the International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai (IIPS). Data was drawn from the Youth in India: Situation and Needs study to examine pre-marital partnerships and relationship among youth in India. Findings call for family life or sex education, and increased awareness and education of condom use.


Transition To Work Roles Among Youth In India, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Population Council 2010 Population Council

Transition To Work Roles Among Youth In India, International Institute For Population Sciences (Iips), Population Council

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

Looking at the current employment situation of youth in six states in India, this Population Council policy brief argues that significant investment in terms of appropriate policies and programs is required to improve the employability of youth in the country and thereby enable them to find full and productive employment. Concerted efforts to improve the employability of youth and to enhance the reach of existing programs aimed at job creation among youth are most urgently required in states like Bihar, Jharkhand, and Rajasthan. At the same time, efforts to meet the large unmet need for vocational skills training are needed ...


Ethiopia Gender Survey: A Study In Seven Regions, Annabel Erulkar, Abebaw Ferede, Worku Ambelu, Woldemariam Girma, Helen Amdemikael, Behailu GebreMedhin, Berhanu Legesse, Ayehualem Tameru, Messay Teferi 2010 Population Council

Ethiopia Gender Survey: A Study In Seven Regions, Annabel Erulkar, Abebaw Ferede, Worku Ambelu, Woldemariam Girma, Helen Amdemikael, Behailu Gebremedhin, Berhanu Legesse, Ayehualem Tameru, Messay Teferi

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

“Ethiopia Gender Survey: A Study in Seven Regions” is a 2009 population-based survey. Over 8,000 Ethiopian women aged 15 to 49 were interviewed to examine a better understanding of HIV behavior, gender issues and reproductive health in Ethiopia. The information serves as the baseline survey for four initiatives in Ethiopia related to adolescent health and development, gender-based violence, women’s empowerment, and female genital cutting/ mutilation.


Ethiopia Young Adult Survey: A Study In Seven Regions, Annabel Erulkar, Abebaw Ferede, Worku Ambelu, Woldemariam Girma, Helen Amdemikael, Behailu GebreMedhin, Berhanu Legesse, Ayehualem Tameru, Messay Teferi 2010 Population Council

Ethiopia Young Adult Survey: A Study In Seven Regions, Annabel Erulkar, Abebaw Ferede, Worku Ambelu, Woldemariam Girma, Helen Amdemikael, Behailu Gebremedhin, Berhanu Legesse, Ayehualem Tameru, Messay Teferi

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

This report details a survey in Ethiopia that provides a baseline for four new initiatives, including programs devoted to adolescent and youth health and development, gender-based violence, women’s/girls’ empowerment, and female genital cutting/mutilation. The Population Council research contributes to up-to-date and nuanced understandings of HIV behavior, gender issues, and reproductive health among young people in seven regions of Ethiopia. The survey findings underscore the differing experiences of boys and girls as well as the varying conditions in urban and rural areas of Ethiopia; tailored strategies are needed to reach rural boys, rural girls, urban boys, and urban ...


Romance And Sex Before Marriage Among Young Women And Men In Andhra Pradesh, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Population Council 2010 Population Council

Romance And Sex Before Marriage Among Young Women And Men In Andhra Pradesh, International Institute For Population Sciences (Iips), Population Council

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

This policy brief documents the extent of pre-marital romantic and sexual relations experienced by young men and women in Andhra Pradesh, India and the extent to which pre-marital sexual experiences among young people are informed, safe, and wanted. Findings clearly highlight that many young men and a small minority of young women in Andhra Pradesh had engaged in sex before marriage and that many of them had initiated sexual activities uninformed, had engaged in unsafe relations, and/or had experienced unwanted relations. Findings that relatively few youth had been exposed to family life or sex education emphasize the need for ...


Education And Transition To Work Among Youth In Andhra Pradesh, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Population Council 2010 Population Council

Education And Transition To Work Among Youth In Andhra Pradesh, International Institute For Population Sciences (Iips), Population Council

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

Looking at the current educational and employment situation of youth in Andhra Pradesh, this Population Council policy brief argues that significant investments in terms of appropriate policies and programs are required to enable the state to achieve the Millennium Development Goals of universal primary education and elimination of gender disparity in primary and secondary education, harness its demographic dividend, and enable its youth to participate in and benefit from global development. Notwithstanding the state’s existing policy commitments, findings indicate that several challenges remain. The brief recommends a number of policies and programs to overcome these challenges.


The Nature Of Mothers' Work And Children's Schooling In Nepal: The Influence Of Income And Time Effects, Ashish Bajracharya 2010 Population Council

The Nature Of Mothers' Work And Children's Schooling In Nepal: The Influence Of Income And Time Effects, Ashish Bajracharya

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

Using nationally representative cross-sectional data from the Nepal Living Standards Survey, this Population Council working paper examines the influence of the nature of mothers’ work on Nepali children’s schooling outcomes. It analyses whether the engagement of mothers (and fathers) in nonagricultural work has significant consequences for their children’s school attendance and grade attainment, compared with these consequences when parents’ work is in traditional subsistence agriculture. Results indicate that children of parents who both work in the nonagriculture sector are significantly more likely to have attended or currently be attending school and have higher grade attainment, compared with children ...


Transition To Marriage And Parenthood Among Youth In Andhra Pradesh, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Population Council 2010 Population Council

Transition To Marriage And Parenthood Among Youth In Andhra Pradesh, International Institute For Population Sciences (Iips), Population Council

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

This policy brief was produced in association with the International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai (IIPS). Data was drawn from the Youth in India: Situation and Needs study to examine key transitions, such as marriage and parenthood by young people in India. This brief is based on data obtained from the sample of married young men and women. Findings call for multipronged efforts to eliminate the practice of early marriage among young men and women, and support newly-wed young women.


Transition To Marriage And Parenthood Among Youth In India, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Population Council 2010 Population Council

Transition To Marriage And Parenthood Among Youth In India, International Institute For Population Sciences (Iips), Population Council

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

This Population Council policy brief documents the magnitude of early marriage and early childbearing in India and sheds light on young people’s marriage-related planning and preparedness for married life, and the nature of married life. While child marriage is particularly evident among young women, it is notable that significant proportions of young men too have married below the legal minimum age at marriage for males. Findings call for multi-pronged efforts to eliminate the practice of early marriage among young men and women, and to support newlywed young women. Ensuring that these programs reach young people and the influential adults ...


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