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128333 full-text articles. Page 6 of 4286.

Fludarabine Induced Autoimmune Haemolytic Anaemia In A Patient With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia, Naveen Naz Syed, Mohammad Khurshid 2017 Aga Khan University

Fludarabine Induced Autoimmune Haemolytic Anaemia In A Patient With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia, Naveen Naz Syed, Mohammad Khurshid

Mohammad Khurshid

Autoimmune haemolytic anaemia following fludarabine is an uncommon complication and previously treated patients are at higher risk. We describe a case of 57- year old lady with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia; she received intermittent courses of alkylating agents and purine analogue, fludarabine. Reintroduction of fludarabine for her relapsing disease induced autoimmune haemolytic anaemia. Numbers of cases have been reported regarding autoimmune haemolytic anaemia following fludarabine administration, but none have been published from our part of the world. Normally T-cell suppresses autoreactive lymphocytes that can produce autoantibodies. Suppression of T-cells by fludarabine, in addition to the underlying disease process appears to be ...


Efficacy Of A Home Made Quality Control Serum, Rukbsana Lalani, Ayesha Molla, Mohammad Khurshid 2017 Aga Khan University

Efficacy Of A Home Made Quality Control Serum, Rukbsana Lalani, Ayesha Molla, Mohammad Khurshid

Mohammad Khurshid

With increasing automation in Clinical Laboratories, the requirements for quality control material have greatly increased in order to monitor performance. The constant use of commercial control material is not economically feasible for many countries because of non-availability or the high cost of these materials. Here we describe a simple technique to prepare Home Made Quality Control serum using blood from polycythaemic patients. This preparation is stable for about six months without any alterations in the concentration of any of the chemical constituents. Extensive use of Home Made Quality Control sera in our laboratories have saved about 69% of the amount ...


Diagnostic Importance Of Bone Marrow Examination In Non-Hematological Disorders, Naveen Naz Syed, Bushra Moiz, Salman Adil, Mohammad Khurshid 2017 Aga Khan University

Diagnostic Importance Of Bone Marrow Examination In Non-Hematological Disorders, Naveen Naz Syed, Bushra Moiz, Salman Adil, Mohammad Khurshid

Mohammad Khurshid

Objective: To evaluate the frequency of involvement of bone marrow with non-haematologic disorders and to observe the significance of bone marrow examination in establishing primary diagnosis of the same.
Methods: It was a descriptive study that extended from January 2003 to September 2005. A total of 4569 bone marrow aspirate and trephines were reported during this period. Only the non-haematological disorders were analyzed for their clinical and laboratory parameter.
Results: During the study period, 63 patients (1.4%) were diagnosed to have non-haematological diseases detected primarily through bone marrow examination. The mean age of patients at time of procedure was ...


Efficacy Of Internal And External Quality Control In Chemical Pathology, Rukhsana Lalani, Mirza Naqi Zafar, Mohammad Khurshid 2017 Aga Khan University

Efficacy Of Internal And External Quality Control In Chemical Pathology, Rukhsana Lalani, Mirza Naqi Zafar, Mohammad Khurshid

Mohammad Khurshid

Quality control in chemical pathology is based on internal and external quality assessment. The internal quality control in clinical chemistry section of AKUH laboratory is based on the analysis of commercially available Beckman norma! and abnormal range control sera. These have known concentra­tions of blood chemistry constituents. After repeated estimations, mean values of all constituents were established for both normal and abnormal sera. Patients samples were analysed only when both controls were within ± 2SD from the mean or one control reads within ± 2SD and the other read between ± 2—3SD (once only) for each constituent. Samples were not analysed ...


Chromosomal Abnormalities In Primary Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Anila Rashid, Mohammad Khurshid, Usman Shaikh, Salman Adil 2017 Aga Khan University

Chromosomal Abnormalities In Primary Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Anila Rashid, Mohammad Khurshid, Usman Shaikh, Salman Adil

Mohammad Khurshid

Objective: To determine the frequency of cytogenetic abnormalities in patients diagnosed as primary myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) using conventional karyotyping. Study Design: Case series. Place and Duration of Study: The Clinical Laboratory, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, between January 2006 - June 2012. Methodology: Patients of all ages and either gender who fulfilled WHO criteria for MDS were included. Cytogenetic analysis was conducted at the time of diagnosis. Patients who had secondary MDS were excluded from analysis. Chromosome identification and karyotype description was done according to the International System for Chromosome Nomenclature (ISCN, 1995) and described as frequency percentage. Results: Out ...


Diagnosis Of Genetic Defects By Chromosomal Analysis, Farooq Ghani, Siddiqua Maniac, Zahida Khilji, Mohammad Azim, Mohammad Khurshid 2017 Aga Khan University

Diagnosis Of Genetic Defects By Chromosomal Analysis, Farooq Ghani, Siddiqua Maniac, Zahida Khilji, Mohammad Azim, Mohammad Khurshid

Mohammad Khurshid

Of 901 karyotypes performed over a period of 4 years, genetic anomalies were detected in 162 cases. Down’s syndrome (trisomy 21) was the most common (168.8%) genetic disorder followed by Turner’s syndrome, Philadelphia chromosome, Klinefelter's syndrome, Edward’s syndrome (trisomy 18) and Patau’s syn­drome (trisomy 13). All the three trisomies were detected very early in life. Mean age at the time of diagnosis for Turner’s syndrome was 13.3 years, allowing a timely hormone replacement therapy to improve secondary sexual characters. Patients with Klinefelter's syndrome were diagnosed late (mean age 23.6 ...


Cyclosporin Induced Fatal Rhabdomyolysis In A Young Patient With Acquired Aplastic Anemia: A Case Report, M. Usman, S. N. Adil, G. N. Kakepoto, Mohammad Khurshid 2017 Aga Khan University

Cyclosporin Induced Fatal Rhabdomyolysis In A Young Patient With Acquired Aplastic Anemia: A Case Report, M. Usman, S. N. Adil, G. N. Kakepoto, Mohammad Khurshid

Mohammad Khurshid

Cyclosporin is used as an immunosuppressive agent in the management of a variety of autoimmune disorders1 and in patients of organ transplant to suppress host immunity and prevent rejection.2 It is now well established that acquired aplastic anemia is secondary to immune mediated destruction of stem cells in the bone marrow3 and hence Cyclosporin is used as a first line immunosuppressive drug alone or in combination with anti lymphocyte globulin in the management of aplastic anemia.1 Rhabdomyolysis is a rare side effect of Cyclosporin.4 Here we describe a case of fatal rhabdomyolysis in a young patient who ...


Case Of Pelvic Relapse In A Child Suffering From Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Karim Qamruddin, Sheema Hasan, Mohammad Khurshid 2017 Aga Khan University

Case Of Pelvic Relapse In A Child Suffering From Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Karim Qamruddin, Sheema Hasan, Mohammad Khurshid

Mohammad Khurshid

We describe here a case of an eight years old child suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukemia. She developed pelvic infiltration of leukemic cells while in bone marrow remission and receiving maintenance chemotherapy: She also developed leukemic infiltration of Central Nervous System and died of complications resulting from massive pelvic relapse. With greater number of children in bone marrow and CNS remission, the issue ofpossible greater predisposition to extramedullary relapse has been discussed. The need for greater vigilance towards pelvic surveillance has been stressed.


Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia In Visceral Leishmaniasis, Salman Adil, Mohammad Khurshid, lkram A. Burney 2017 Aga Khan University

Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia In Visceral Leishmaniasis, Salman Adil, Mohammad Khurshid, Lkram A. Burney

Mohammad Khurshid

A case of an 8-month old male child, who presented with lgG mediated Coomb’s positive hemolytic anemia and visceral leishmaniasis is presented. The hemolytic anemia resolved following the treatment of leishmaniasis. Although various other mechanisms of anemia have been described, so far the association between IgG-mediated hemolytic anemia and visceral leishmaniasis has not been reported.


Cardiovascular Risk Factors In School Children From Low Middle Income Families In Karachi, Pakistan, Salma H. Badruddin, A. Molla, Mohammad Khurshid, S. Vaz, S. Hassanali 2017 Aga Khan University

Cardiovascular Risk Factors In School Children From Low Middle Income Families In Karachi, Pakistan, Salma H. Badruddin, A. Molla, Mohammad Khurshid, S. Vaz, S. Hassanali

Mohammad Khurshid

Serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and trigly cerides (TG) were determined on 239 school children aged 5-19 years belonging to lower middle class families. The mean TC, LDL-C, HDL-C and TG ranged from 3.70-4.37 mmol/L, 2.17- 2.70 mmol/L, 0.94-1.14 mmol/L, 1.07-1.26 mmol/L respectively. In general, girls had higher TC, LDL-C and HDL-C levels. There was no significant difference in the TG levels between boys and girls. Thirty-three percent of the girls and 22% of the boys had ...


Anaphylactic Reaction After Intramuscular Injection Of Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12): A Case Report, Fareena Bilwani, Salman Adil, Usman Sheikh, Ayesha Humera, Mohammad Khurshid 2017 Aga Khan University

Anaphylactic Reaction After Intramuscular Injection Of Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12): A Case Report, Fareena Bilwani, Salman Adil, Usman Sheikh, Ayesha Humera, Mohammad Khurshid

Mohammad Khurshid

We report a case of anaphylactic reaction to intramuscular injection of cyanocobalamin. This 52-year-old lady was diagnosed as a case of megaloblastic anemia secondary to dietary vitamin B12 deficiency. She had severe anaphylactic reaction after the parenteral administration of cyanocobalamine. Later she received oral vitamin B12 with no adverse effects. The purpose of this case report is to draw attention to the hypersensitive reaction to injectable vitamin B12, which is rarely seen. This could be due to sensitization to the vitamin B12 molecule itself or an IgE mediated reaction. We concluded that anaphylactic reaction to vitamin B12 is a rare ...


Anaemia In Pregnancy: Occurrence In Two Economically Different Clinic Populations Of Karachi, Saadiya Aziz Karim, Mohammad Khurshid, Javed H. Rizvi 2017 Dow Medical College & Civil Hospital

Anaemia In Pregnancy: Occurrence In Two Economically Different Clinic Populations Of Karachi, Saadiya Aziz Karim, Mohammad Khurshid, Javed H. Rizvi

Mohammad Khurshid

According to previous WHO standards, anaemia in pregnancy denoted a haemoglobin level of 11.0 gms/dl or less, but this is now considered to be variable1 as it differs from country to country depending on local reference ranges and socio-economic conditions. Each country should “lay down minimal acceptable standards” below which an individual is considered to be anaemic, taking into account the available fmancial and manpower resources and other health needs of the country2. There is a wide divergence in the quoted prevalence of anaemia in Pakistan and neigh­bouring countries.3-6 This study was undertaken to determine a ...


Anaemia In Pregnancy - Its Cause In The Underprivileged Class Of Karachi, Saadiya Aziz Karim, Mohammad Khurshid, A.M. Memon, Sadiqua N. Jafarey 2017 Aga Khan University

Anaemia In Pregnancy - Its Cause In The Underprivileged Class Of Karachi, Saadiya Aziz Karim, Mohammad Khurshid, A.M. Memon, Sadiqua N. Jafarey

Mohammad Khurshid

A prospective study of the frequency and type of anaemia amongst poor urban parturients of Karachi was done. It was performed at 2 large teaching hospitals over the time span January to September, 1990. Out of 318 women studied, 104(32.7%) were anaemic (Hb levels <10gm/dl). The type of anaemia was assessed. Iron deficiency predominated and was seen amongst 63.5% of the anaemic population. There was an even distribution of other kinds of anaemia amongst the remainder of the population


A View Of Hiv--Infection In Karachi, Naila Kayani, Aamir Sheikh, Asif Khan, Chhotoobhai Mithani, Mohammad Khurshid 2017 Aga Khan University

A View Of Hiv--Infection In Karachi, Naila Kayani, Aamir Sheikh, Asif Khan, Chhotoobhai Mithani, Mohammad Khurshid

Mohammad Khurshid

A prospective study on the prevalence of HIV-l infection in Karachi, Pakistan was conducted over a period of six years (1986-1992). Over 15,000 individualsamples and more than 32,000 donor units of individuals residing in Karachi at the time of sample co llection were tested for HIV-I infection by our screening test EIA which revealed a positivity rate of 0.23% and 0.003% in individual and donor units respectively by Western Blot. We divided patients into four groups A,B,C and D based on the most plausible cause of transmission. The largest number of positive patients belonged ...


The Safety And Efficacy Of Ondansetron In The Treatment Of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Rebecca Stark 2017 Duquesne University

The Safety And Efficacy Of Ondansetron In The Treatment Of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Rebecca Stark

Graduate Student Research Symposium

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by recurrent intrusive thoughts (obsessions) that cause significant anxiety and distress, leading to repetitive behaviors (compulsions) that an individual feels driven to perform. The symptoms of OCD can range from mild to so severe that it can be incapacitating to an individual’s life. Treatment is often prescribed, including both pharmacological and behavioral therapy. Overall, 70% of patients starting treatment experience a significant improvement; however, there is still a portion of patients with severe OCD that do not respond to first and second-line treatment plans. We present the case of a ...


Jual Obat Aborsi Batam | 082221109991, jualobatshop jualobatshop 2017 jual obat aborsi

Jual Obat Aborsi Batam | 082221109991, Jualobatshop Jualobatshop

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Abstract_ Jennifer.Docx, Jennifer Collins 2017 University of Central Florida

Abstract_ Jennifer.Docx, Jennifer Collins

Jennifer Collins

No abstract provided.


Aiha White Paper: Electronic Cigarettes In The Indoor Environment, Cheri Marcham 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Aiha White Paper: Electronic Cigarettes In The Indoor Environment, Cheri Marcham

Cheri Marcham

This presentation covers the effects of different volatile organic compounds released by electronic cigarettes which can cause health problems. More research on the effects of electronic "smoke" should be conducted on the generally recognized as safe (GRAS) ingredients in electronic cigarette exhaust.


Using Ranked Auxiliary Covariate As A More Efficient Sampling Design For Ancova Model: Analysis Of A Psychological Intervention To Buttress Resilience, Rajai Jabrah, Hani Samawi, Robert Vogel, Haresh Rochani, Daniel Linder 2017 Georgia Southern University

Using Ranked Auxiliary Covariate As A More Efficient Sampling Design For Ancova Model: Analysis Of A Psychological Intervention To Buttress Resilience, Rajai Jabrah, Hani Samawi, Robert Vogel, Haresh Rochani, Daniel Linder

Hani M. Samawi

Drawing a sample can be costly or time consuming in some studies. However, it may be possible to rank the sampling units according to some baseline auxiliary covariates, which are easily obtainable, and/or cost efficient. Ranked set sampling (RSS) is a method to achieve this goal. In this paper, we propose a modified approach of the RSS method to allocate units into an experimental study that compares L groups. Computer simulation estimates the empirical nominal values and the empirical power values for the test procedure of comparing L different groups using modified RSS based on the regression approach in ...


Inference On Overlapping Coefficients In Two Exponential Populations, Mohammad F. Al-Saleh, Hani M. Samawi 2017 Yarmouk University

Inference On Overlapping Coefficients In Two Exponential Populations, Mohammad F. Al-Saleh, Hani M. Samawi

Hani M. Samawi

Three measures of overlap, namely Matusita’s measureρ , Morisita’s measure λ and Weitzman’s measure Δ are investigated in this article for two exponential populations with different means. It is well that the estimators of those measures of overlap are biased. The bias is of these estimators depends on the unknown overlap parameters. There are no closed-form, exact formulas, for those estimators variances or their exact sampling distributions. Monte Carlo evaluations are used to study the bias and precision of the proposed overlap measures. Bootstrap method and Taylor series approximation are used to construct confidence intervals for the overlap ...


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