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The Transition From Prescription Opioid Drug Abuse To Heroin Use: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Maria Varela 2017 DePaul University

The Transition From Prescription Opioid Drug Abuse To Heroin Use: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Maria Varela

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

The Transition from Prescription Opioid Drug Abuse to Heroin Use

Maria Varela

Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Barbara Harris, RN, PhD

Abstract

Background: The United States is currently facing alarmingly high and increasing rates of prescription opioid abuse and heroin use. Research has indicated that the abuse of prescription opioids such as hydrocodone and oxycodone may lead users to illicit drug use, specifically heroin.

Objective: The purpose of this integrative review is to identify biological, social, and psychological factors that aid in the transition from prescription drug abuse to heroin use.

Method: An integrative review guided by Whittemore and Knafl was conducted ...


Determination Of A Correlation Between Bipolar Disorder And Intelligence, Eleanor Sparks 2017 DePaul University

Determination Of A Correlation Between Bipolar Disorder And Intelligence, Eleanor Sparks

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Determination of a Correlation Between Bipolar Disorder and Intelligence: An Integrative Literature Review

Ellie Sparks

Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Elizabeth Hartman

Abstract

Background: History has linked high intelligence or advanced creativity with mental illness. However, there has been little research done to confirm or reject this suggestion.

Objectives: The goal of this systematic integrated literature review was to determine whether there is a correlation between high intelligence or education performance and the development of bipolar disorder in adulthood. In addition, childhood school performance or IQ is a risk factor for adulthood development of bipolar disorder.

Methods: This integrative literature review was ...


Self-Concept Of Precocious Puberty Among Girls And The Link To Risky Behavior: An Integrative Review, Samantha Zackowitz 2017 DePaul University

Self-Concept Of Precocious Puberty Among Girls And The Link To Risky Behavior: An Integrative Review, Samantha Zackowitz

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Several studies show that early-onset pubertal development is occurring sooner than ever before in female adolescents. While this is problematic in and of itself, concerns about the impact of precocious puberty on young girls include a possible link to detrimental outcomes, including deviant behavior and self-esteem issues.

Objective: The purpose of this literature review is to synthesize the research on precocious puberty by answering the following research questions: How does precocious puberty influence adolescent girls’ perception of self-concept? What risky behaviors are prevalent among girls who experience precocious puberty?

Methods: Articles were found using CINAHL, ProQuest Nursing, and PubMed ...


Barriers That Cause Delayed Breast Cancer Screenings Among Older Adult African-American Women: An Integrative Literature Review, Sophia Damtew 2017 DePaul University

Barriers That Cause Delayed Breast Cancer Screenings Among Older Adult African-American Women: An Integrative Literature Review, Sophia Damtew

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: In the U.S., breast cancer incidence has increased among older adult African-American women, particularly among those aged 60 to79 while white women have either decreased or stabilized (CDC, 2016). Within the last 10 years, breast cancer mortality rates are approximately 40% higher among African-American women compared to white women (CDC, 2016). Many barriers limit breast cancer screenings among this population. Recognizing and addressing specific barriers may improve utilization of breast cancer screenings in the future.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify barriers that caused delayed breast cancer screenings among older adult African-American women.

Method ...


Healthcare Seeking Behaviors Of Sexually Assaulted Women, Alexandra Paul 2017 DePaul University

Healthcare Seeking Behaviors Of Sexually Assaulted Women, Alexandra Paul

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Sexual assault is a crime that leaves long term psychological and physical effects on survivors, including panic attacks, trust issues, somatic body pain, and poor overall health. Seeking out health services is important in treating these lasting effects. However, research is lacking into the health care seeking behaviors of sexually assaulted women and whether or not the sexual assault plays a role into their habits.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the long-term effect that sexual assault has on the health care seeking behavior of female survivors.

Methods: An integrative literature review was conducted that included ...


Cesarean Births Are More Profitable To Hospitals Versus Natural Births, Samantha Martinez 2017 DePaul University

Cesarean Births Are More Profitable To Hospitals Versus Natural Births, Samantha Martinez

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Cesarean Births Are More Beneficial to Hospitals Than Natural Births: An Integrative Review

Samantha Martinez

Faculty Sponsor: Elizabeth Hartman

Abstract

Background: In the last two decades, cesarean section rates have risen 60 percent and a large percentage was due to new mothers and not repeat cesarean sections. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), disclosed that for every 100,000 births that occur in the United States, four women die from vaginal birth complications and 13 die from cesarean complications.

Objectives: The purpose of the intended integrated literature review was to explore the need for cesarean section and increase ...


Benefits Of Exercise In Severe Mental Illness, Heather M. Young 2017 DePaul University

Benefits Of Exercise In Severe Mental Illness, Heather M. Young

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

BENEFITS OF EXERCISE FOR SEVERE MENTAL ILLNESS

Heather Young

Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Barbra Harris, RN, PhD. & Dr. Kim Amer, RN, PhD.

Background: Several studies have provided evidence to support the benefits of exercise in offering protection from depression and as an intervention in the treatment of mental illness. Exercise in mental illness is not only beneficial to the mental health of the patients, studies have also shown that patients with a mental illness are at a significantly higher risk of physical health concerns and complications and exercise can help decrease many of those complications.

Objective: The purpose of this literature ...


Effects Of Technology And Media On Childhood Obesity, Hannah Rutzick 2017 DePaul University

Effects Of Technology And Media On Childhood Obesity, Hannah Rutzick

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of obesity is substantially increasing among children in the United States. Despite current interventions used by families and pediatricians, a knowledge gap exists regarding the use of modern technology as a strategy to increase physical activity and prevent/treat childhood obesity.

Objective: The purpose of this review is to explore the influences of modern technology and the media on childhood obesity.

Methods: This integrative review evaluates the evidence from investigational studies that have examined the influences of modern technology on childhood obesity. The effects of the media as a contributing factor was also explored. PsycInfo, ProQuest ...


Strategies To Decrease Depression From Social Isolation Among The Elderly Population, Erin Gallagher, Megan Russ 2017 DePaul University

Strategies To Decrease Depression From Social Isolation Among The Elderly Population, Erin Gallagher, Megan Russ

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Strategies to Decrease Depression from

Social Isolation Among the Elderly Population

Erin Gallagher and Megan Russ

Faculty Sponsor: Christina Lattner, DNP, APRN, AGNP-C, ANP-BC

Background: The lack of social interaction among the elderly population has been directly linked with higher rates of morbidity related to diabetes, arthritis, cancer, and heart disease, thus leading to higher rates of mortality.

Objectives: This comprehensive literature review selected a variety of social interactions to present to the elderly population to examine if an increase in socialization will decrease the depressive symptoms felt during social isolation.

Method: An integrative literature review of both qualitative and ...


Correlation Between Mandatory Influenza Vaccination For Healthcare Personnel On The Influenza Rate, NILABEN PATEL 2017 DePaul University

Correlation Between Mandatory Influenza Vaccination For Healthcare Personnel On The Influenza Rate, Nilaben Patel

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: The Center for Disease Control and Prevention had discovered that only 66.7% healthcare personnel were vaccinated in early 2015-16 influenza season nationally. Annual influenza vaccination acceptance by the healthcare personnel could deliver enhanced quality of care by preventing hospital-acquired influenza and thereby alleviating patients’ suffering and healthcare costs.

Objectives: The goal of this systematic integrated literature review was to determine the effect of mandatory influenza vaccination for healthcare personnel on the influenza rate.

Methods: This integrative literature review was conducted using keywords “mandatory”, “influenza vaccination”, and “healthcare personnel” to search the literature published between 2010 and 2017.

Results ...


What Gives, Samantha Stephen 2017 University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine

What Gives, Samantha Stephen

Akesis

It may never be enough and that's okay.


Balancing Sacrifice, Akesis Anonymous Author 2017 University of New England

Balancing Sacrifice, Akesis Anonymous Author

Akesis

We have sacrificed a lot to get into medical school, pushing away quick satisfaction for the hope of a bigger reward in the future. Our faculty members keep telling us that medical school is a marathon, not a race. For this reason, we must be careful about how much we sacrifice to become physicians. Life is a balance, and finding that balance is the key to happiness as a medical professional.


Proceedings Of The 5th Annual Symposium Of The German Society For Paleo Nutrition Held In 2017, Klaus Steger, Bernd Honermeier, Harel Seidenwerg, Ingrid Herr, Philipp Zimmer, Rainer J. Klement, Clemens Kunz, Jörg Spitz, Wolfgang Haak, Hannelore Daniel 2017 Klinik für Urologie, Kinderurologie und Andrologie, Sektion Molekulare Andrologie, Biomedizinisches Forschungszentrum der Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen

Proceedings Of The 5th Annual Symposium Of The German Society For Paleo Nutrition Held In 2017, Klaus Steger, Bernd Honermeier, Harel Seidenwerg, Ingrid Herr, Philipp Zimmer, Rainer J. Klement, Clemens Kunz, Jörg Spitz, Wolfgang Haak, Hannelore Daniel

Journal of Evolution and Health

We present the scientific abstracts of the 5th Annual Symposium of the German Society for Paleo Nutrition (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Paläoernährung) which took place on September 23rd 2017 in Giessen, Germany.

Besides an overview on existing interventional studies on Paleolithic diets, a focus of this year´s symposium was on secondary plant metabolites: presence, standardization by phytoneering and the role of phytomedicine for prevention and treatment of cancer. Further topics were the role of vitamin-D and omega-3 fatty acids, as well as molecular anthropology and personalized nutrition.


Targeting Cancer Stem Cells In Recurrent Lung Cancer, Karen T. Udoh 2017 Murray State University

Targeting Cancer Stem Cells In Recurrent Lung Cancer, Karen T. Udoh

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in the world. Five-year survivability still remains dismal due to drug resistance. The development of drug resistance with cisplatin or platinum/taxane combination chemotherapies has led patients to suffer from recurrent lung cancer. These chemotherapy treatments target cancer cells but leave behind cancer stem cells. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are stem-like tumor cells that have the potential to differentiate, self-renew, and proliferate. This allows the cancer to relapse even after initial elimination of the tumor. We hypothesize that Verrucarin J will inhibit cell proliferation in lung cancer cells and CSCs by ...


Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Clinical Manifestations, Dietary Influences, And Management., Ronald Ikechi, Bradford D Fischer, Joshua DeSipio, Sangita Phadtare 2017 Selected Works

Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Clinical Manifestations, Dietary Influences, And Management., Ronald Ikechi, Bradford D Fischer, Joshua Desipio, Sangita Phadtare

Bradford Fischer

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder that is characterized by symptoms of chronic abdominal pain and altered bowel habits in the absence of an overtly identifiable cause. It is the most commonly diagnosed functional gastrointestinal disorder, accounting for about one third of gastroenterology visits. It generally presents as a complex of symptoms, including psychological dysfunction. Hypersensitivity to certain foods, especially foods that contain high amounts of fructose, plays a role in the pathophysiology of IBS. Elevated consumption of high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) has been discussed in this aspect. The treatment options for IBS are challenging and varied ...


Unexpected Dual Task Benefits On Cycling In Parkinson Disease And Healthy Adults: A Neuro-Behavioral Model, Lori J. P. Altmann, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Audrey A. Hazamy, Jonathan P. Wilson, Michael S. Okun, Nikolaus R. McFarland, Aparna W. Shukla, Chris J. Hass 2017 University of Florida

Unexpected Dual Task Benefits On Cycling In Parkinson Disease And Healthy Adults: A Neuro-Behavioral Model, Lori J. P. Altmann, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Audrey A. Hazamy, Jonathan P. Wilson, Michael S. Okun, Nikolaus R. Mcfarland, Aparna W. Shukla, Chris J. Hass

Elizabeth L. Stegemoller

Background When performing two tasks at once, a dual task, performance on one or both tasks typically suffers. People with Parkinson’s disease (PD) usually experience larger dual task decrements on motor tasks than healthy older adults (HOA). Our objective was to investigate the decrements in cycling caused by performing cognitive tasks with a range of difficulty in people with PD and HOAs. Methods Twenty-eight participants with Parkinson’s disease and 20 healthy older adults completed a baseline cycling task with no secondary tasks and then completed dual task cycling while performing 12 tasks from six cognitive domains representing a ...


Repetitive Finger Movement Performance Differs Among Parkinson’S Disease, Progressive Supranuclear Palsy, And Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Jennifer Uzochukwu, Mark D. Tillman, Nikolaus R. McFarland, SH Subramony, Michael S. Okun, Chris J. Hass 2017 Iowa State University

Repetitive Finger Movement Performance Differs Among Parkinson’S Disease, Progressive Supranuclear Palsy, And Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Jennifer Uzochukwu, Mark D. Tillman, Nikolaus R. Mcfarland, Sh Subramony, Michael S. Okun, Chris J. Hass

Elizabeth L. Stegemoller

Background Differentiating movement disorders is critical for appropriate treatment, prognosis, and for clinical trials. In clinical trials this is especially important as effects can be diluted by inclusion of inappropriately diagnosed participants. In early disease duration phases, disorders often have overlapping clinical features, such as impairments in repetitive finger movement, making diagnosis challenging. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine and compare repetitive finger movement performance in participants diagnosed with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease, Progressive Supranuclear Palsy, and spinocerebellar ataxias. Methods Participants completed an unconstrained index finger flexion/extension movement (i.e. finger tap) in time with an ...


Animal Models Of Rheumatoid Pain: Experimental Systems And Insights., Bradford D Fischer, Adeshina Adeyemo, Michael E O'Leary, Andrea Bottaro 2017 Selected Works

Animal Models Of Rheumatoid Pain: Experimental Systems And Insights., Bradford D Fischer, Adeshina Adeyemo, Michael E O'Leary, Andrea Bottaro

Bradford Fischer

Severe chronic pain is one of the hallmarks and most debilitating manifestations of inflammatory arthritis. It represents a significant problem in the clinical management of patients with common chronic inflammatory joint conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and spondyloarthropathies. The functional links between peripheral inflammatory signals and the establishment of the neuroadaptive mechanisms acting in nociceptors and in the central nervous system in the establishment of chronic and neuropathic pain are still poorly understood, representing an area of intense study and translational priority. Several well-established inducible and spontaneous animal models are available to study the onset, progression and chronicization ...


Advanced Cancer Care: A Primer On Palliative Radiation Oncology, Benjamin Li 2017 Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Advanced Cancer Care: A Primer On Palliative Radiation Oncology, Benjamin Li

Tennessee Medicine E-Journal

Palliative radiation oncology is a new or foreign concept for many who deal with or are involved in the management of advanced cancer. This paper equips patients, medical students, residents, and physicians to understand the fundamentals of palliative radiation oncology. Given the growing burden of cancer and healthcare delivery challenges for patients nearing the end of life, it is important to understand the mechanism and implications of palliative radiation therapy, as well as the challenges in treatment. Advantages of treatment are carefully weighed with limitations and cost considerations, prognostic awareness, and adherence to goals of care. While treatment with palliative ...


Do Health Beliefs Explain Traditional Medical Therapies Utilisation? Evidence From Ghana, Razak Mohammed GYASI, Felix ASANTE, Kabila ABASS, Joseph Yaw YEBOAH, Samuel ADU-GYAMFI, Padmore Adusei AMOAH 2017 Department of Sociology and Social Policy, Lingnan University

Do Health Beliefs Explain Traditional Medical Therapies Utilisation? Evidence From Ghana, Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Felix Asante, Kabila Abass, Joseph Yaw Yeboah, Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, Padmore Adusei Amoah

Dr. AMOAH Padmore Adusei

Although the direct impact of health beliefs on unconventional medical therapies consumption are well documented, the previous empirical findings of the relationship have been much inconsistent and theoretically subtle in Ghana. Using social cognitive thesis, this paper examines how relative effects of personal health beliefs influence the use of traditional medicine in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Drawing on a qualitative approach involving rural and urban peculiarities and 36 in-depth interviews, this research study adopts a posteriori inductive reduction model to derive broad- and sub-themes. Results suggest that health-seeking behaviour in Ghana is a socially negotiated process in which cultural ...


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