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Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation Techniques For Chronic Pain In Adults, Neil E. O'Connell, Benedict M. Wand, Louise Marston, Sally Spencer, Lorraine H. De Souza 2010 University of Notre Dame Australia

Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation Techniques For Chronic Pain In Adults, Neil E. O'Connell, Benedict M. Wand, Louise Marston, Sally Spencer, Lorraine H. De Souza

Health Sciences Papers and Journal Articles

Description of the condition: Chronic pain is a common problem. When defined as pain of greater than three months duration, prevalence studies indicate that up to half the adult population suffer from chronic pain, and 10 to 20% experience clinically significant chronic pain (Smith 2008). In Europe 19% of adults experience chronic pain of moderate to severe intensity with serious negative implications for their social and working lives and many of these receive inadequate pain management (Breivik 2006). Chronic pain is a heterogenous phenomenon that results from a wide variety of pathologies including chronic tissue injury such as arthritis, peripheral ...


Fitwits Md: An Intervention To Prevent Childhood Obesity, Diane J. Abatemarco, PhD, MSW, Ann McGaffey, MD, Ilene Katz Jewell, MSHyg, Susan K. Fidler, MD, Kristin Hughes, MFA 2010 Thomas Jefferson University

Fitwits Md: An Intervention To Prevent Childhood Obesity, Diane J. Abatemarco, Phd, Msw, Ann Mcgaffey, Md, Ilene Katz Jewell, Mshyg, Susan K. Fidler, Md, Kristin Hughes, Mfa

College of Population Health Lectures, Presentations, Workshops

Objectives: The purpose of this presentation is to describe a comprehensive evaluation undertaken to study the feasibility of Fitwits MD, an intervention designed to assist primary care physicians to increase health fluency and affect wellness choices of children and their families. Childhood obesity is a growing epidemic but there are few if any successful interventions to alter the course of childhood obesity. The intervention was created through the use of participatory design.


Office Based Prevention Of Child Abuse And Neglect: Lessons Learned From The Practicing Safety Quiin Project, Diane Abatemarco, PhD, MSW, Ruth Gubernick, MPH, Steve Kairys, MD, MPH, FAAP 2010 Thomas Jefferson University

Office Based Prevention Of Child Abuse And Neglect: Lessons Learned From The Practicing Safety Quiin Project, Diane Abatemarco, Phd, Msw, Ruth Gubernick, Mph, Steve Kairys, Md, Mph, Faap

College of Population Health Lectures, Presentations, Workshops

Parental behavior effects child psychosocial development. Parents who once had the benefits and supports of extended families and communities are now more isolated in their parenting. The isolation of families increases stress. New parents receive little education and support to deal with stress and the added stress of a newborn or their very young children. This poster presentation will describe a quality improvement project based in pediatric practices. The study was designed to test methods to increase anticipatory guidance, screening, and referral for psychosocial development. The project included physician use of chart data to identify outcomes of their enhanced care ...


Development Of Confirmatory Testing Strategies For Suspect False Prrs-Positive Reactors In Diagnostic Serology, Siyuan Liu 2010 Iowa State University

Development Of Confirmatory Testing Strategies For Suspect False Prrs-Positive Reactors In Diagnostic Serology, Siyuan Liu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The commercial ELISA kit (IDEXX HerdChecky PRRS) has been the main serodiagnostic tool for PRRS virus (PRRSV) in North America and many pig producing regions throughout the world. Although the kit has been mostly a reliable test for detecting PRRSV exposure at the herd level, the specificity of the kit has been frequently challenged by the occurrence of unexpected false positive results at varying rates. An indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) test has been commonly employed to confirm or disprove the suspect false positive reactivity in the ELISA. However, the reliability of test results have been often questioned due to the ...


The Overexpression Of Homeotic Complex Gene Ultrabithorax In The Post-Embryonic Neuronal Lineages Of The Ventral Nervous System In Drosophila Melanogaster, Katie Dry 2010 Bucknell University

The Overexpression Of Homeotic Complex Gene Ultrabithorax In The Post-Embryonic Neuronal Lineages Of The Ventral Nervous System In Drosophila Melanogaster, Katie Dry

Master’s Theses

This study uses a molecular technique called MARCM (Mosaic Analysis with a Repressible Cell Marker) to label neuronal lineages that overexpress the Hox gene Ultrabithorax (Ubx) in an unlabeled, wild type background. The results indicate that the overexpression of Ubx is sufficient to transform more anterior neuronal lineages to themorphology of their more posterior counterparts. The data presented here begin to elucidate the role that the Hox genes have in shaping segment-specific neural connections in the post-embryonic ventral nervous system.


Testosterone Fluctuations In Young Men: The Difference Between Interacting With Like And Not-Like Others, M. Catherine DeSoto, Robert T. Hitlan, Rory-Sean S. Deol, Derrick McAdams 2010 University of Northern Iowa

Testosterone Fluctuations In Young Men: The Difference Between Interacting With Like And Not-Like Others, M. Catherine Desoto, Robert T. Hitlan, Rory-Sean S. Deol, Derrick Mcadams

Faculty Publications

The current study investigated young men's testosterone level changes as a result of interacting with other men. Male participants (n = 84) were led to believe that a group they would be interacting with was either similar to them or not similar. The interaction was then one of two types: the other group members were inclusive, or the others excluded the participant during the group interaction. Participants provided saliva samples before and after the interaction. Results suggest that interacting with highly similar men increases circulating testosterone whereas interacting with highly dissimilar men actually lowers testosterone. The nature of the interaction ...


Functionality, Parsimony, Discovery, Avoiding Hamartia: How Evolutionary Perspectives Are Changing Psychology, Brooke N. Jenkins, Aaron T. Goetz 2010 Chapman University

Functionality, Parsimony, Discovery, Avoiding Hamartia: How Evolutionary Perspectives Are Changing Psychology, Brooke N. Jenkins, Aaron T. Goetz

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

Evolutionary psychology offers an important perspective to scientific psychology. Evolutionary psychology, in its short existence, has added an abundance of knowledge to the social sciences, let alone psychology. The study of human cognition and behavior remains incomplete without an evolutionary perspective. Here, we argue that evolutionary psychology uniquely provides a complete understanding of scientific psychology because it explains the functions of our psychological traits, provides us with the most parsimonious explanation of many psychological phenomena, predicts undocumented phenomena, and possibly allows us to avoid the downfalls of some of our contemptible evolved psychological mechanisms.


Psychosocial Correlates Of Adherence To Antiretroviral Therapy (Art) In People Living With Hiv In Kenya, Thomas M. Kamau 2010 Seton Hall University

Psychosocial Correlates Of Adherence To Antiretroviral Therapy (Art) In People Living With Hiv In Kenya, Thomas M. Kamau

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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Physical Therapy Interventions For Multiple Sclerosis And Diplegia, Kyle R. Nyquist 2010 University of North Dakota

Physical Therapy Interventions For Multiple Sclerosis And Diplegia, Kyle R. Nyquist

Physical Therapy Scholarly Projects

Background and Purpose – It is estimated that approximately 2.5 million people world-wide suffer from multiple sclerosis (MS). MS is a neurological disease that impacts messages from the brain to motor and sensory nerves. This disruption can cause loss of sensation and motion to a specific region of the body. The purpose of this case study is to identify interventions used for a person with multiple sclerosis.

Case Description – The Patient is a 40-year-old male who has been suffering from MS for 27 years. He has lost the use of his lower extremities and had contractures at his knees and ...


Grade I Slap Lesion: A Conservative Treatment Approach, Joseph Klatt 2010 University of North Dakota

Grade I Slap Lesion: A Conservative Treatment Approach, Joseph Klatt

Physical Therapy Scholarly Projects

Background and Purpose: This case report describes the examination, intervention, and outcome of a patient with a grade I SLAP lesion using non-surgical physical therapy intervention. Detailed conservative strategies have not been previously described in the literature.

Case Description: The patient was a 39 year old male with a grade I SLAP lesion of the left shoulder with a significant history of shoulder pain since he pitched in the minors at age 23. Prior to formal physical therapy intervention the patient had pain rated at 7 out of 10 and could not perform overhead activities and ADLs such as combing ...


Use Of Myofascial Release And Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation In Combination With A Rehabilitation Protocol For A Patient Following A Massive Rotator Cuff Tear And Repair: A Case Report, Bryan L. Arroyo 2010 University of North Dakota

Use Of Myofascial Release And Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation In Combination With A Rehabilitation Protocol For A Patient Following A Massive Rotator Cuff Tear And Repair: A Case Report, Bryan L. Arroyo

Physical Therapy Scholarly Projects

Background and Purpose. This case report describes the use of postoperative treatments incorporating myofascial release and proprioceptive neuromuscular techniques, on a 59-year-old male who underwent a left open rotator cuff repair following a massive rotator cuff tear. This was after an 8 week passive motion phase. The goals of this case report were to evaluate the feasibility of these techniques and to examine improvements in shoulder range of motion, function of the involved extremity, and pain reduction.

Case Description. The patient suffered a massive rotator cuff tear at work after falling on his shoulder. The patient started with an 8 ...


Conservative Management Of An Adult With Chronic Low Back Pain, Crystal Braun 2010 University of North Dakota

Conservative Management Of An Adult With Chronic Low Back Pain, Crystal Braun

Physical Therapy Scholarly Projects

Background and Purpose: The purpose of this case study is to describe the conservative management of a male patient with chronic low back pain. This report will provide an insight to the benefits of an individualized treatment program combining therapeutic exercises, the McKenzie Method along with a Lumbar Extension MedX strengthening program.

Case Description: This case study describes the treatment of a 34 year old male computer programmer suffering from low back pain.

Intervention: The patient was treated using directional preference~ segmental stabilization, lumbar extension MedX strengthening, and other physiotherapy exercises. He received treatment twice a week for three weeks ...


Acute Care Physical Therapy Management Of An Elderly Patient With Posterior-Lateral Approach Total Hip Replacement, Kristi J. Mackedanz 2010 University of North Dakota

Acute Care Physical Therapy Management Of An Elderly Patient With Posterior-Lateral Approach Total Hip Replacement, Kristi J. Mackedanz

Physical Therapy Scholarly Projects

Background and Purpose: This article describes the acute care physical therapy management of an 88 year old female who underwent elective left posterior lateral approach total hip arthroplasty surgery. The patient was seen post-operative day one presenting with extreme pain, decreased functional mobility, and decreased range of motion and strength. Total hip arthroplasty has become a common surgery among the elder population to improve their functional and decrease pain occurring in their hip. The purpose of this article is to describe the interventions used with this patient, such as bed exercises, ambulation, and the functional outcome.

Case Description: This patient ...


Effects Of A Physical Therapy Program For A Patient With Shoulder Adhesive Capsulitis, Renee Aune 2010 University of North Dakota

Effects Of A Physical Therapy Program For A Patient With Shoulder Adhesive Capsulitis, Renee Aune

Physical Therapy Scholarly Projects

Background & Purpose: Adhesive capsulitis is a musculoskeletal condition that has a disabling capability. The physiological changes that occur within the relevant connective tissue drive the intervention for functional improvement. There is often recovery, but it is not known whether a targeted intervention aimed at this type of patient is better than another regarding recovery. The purpose of this case report is to examine the multiple effects of a physical therapy intervention program with emphasis on improved function and quality of life.

Case Description: A single-case study of a 56-year-old female demonstrating the effects of a physical therapy program in treating ...


Skin Care Management In Outpatient Setting Of Lower Extremity Venous Ulcers, Stacy L. Roush 2010 University of North Dakota

Skin Care Management In Outpatient Setting Of Lower Extremity Venous Ulcers, Stacy L. Roush

Physical Therapy Scholarly Projects

Background and Purpose. This report will discuss the treatment options selected during eight weeks of therapy for a patient with chronic venous ulcers (CVUs) located on bilateral lower extremities. Venous ulcers can be very painful and are typically difficult to heal as a result of venous inefficiency. In many instances they inhibit the patient’s lifestyle depending on their location and severity.

Case Description. The patient seen was referred to physical therapy as his wounds had not shown any improvement since they were initially evaluated in April, 2008. Patient has history of lower extremity edema which was controlled by the ...


An Examination Of The Association Of Selected Toxic Metals With Total And Central Obesity Indices: Nhanes 99-02, Miguel A. Padilla, Mai Elobeid, Douglas M. Ruden, David B. Allison 2010 Old Dominion University

An Examination Of The Association Of Selected Toxic Metals With Total And Central Obesity Indices: Nhanes 99-02, Miguel A. Padilla, Mai Elobeid, Douglas M. Ruden, David B. Allison

Psychology Faculty Publications

It is conceivable that toxic metals contribute to obesity by influencing various aspects of metabolism, such as by substituting for essential micronutrients and vital metals, or by inducing oxidative stress. Deficiency of the essential metal zinc decreases adiposity in humans and rodent models, whereas deficiencies of chromium, copper, iron, and magnesium increases adiposity. This study utilized the NHANES 99-02 data to explore the association between waist circumference and body mass index with the body burdens of selected toxic metals (barium, cadmium, cobalt, cesium, molybdenum, lead, antimony, thallium, and tungsten). Some of the associations were significant direct relationships (barium and thallium ...


Most Common Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms Associated With Rheumatoid Arthritis In Persons Of European Ancestry Confer Risk Of Rheumatoid Arthritis In African Americans, Laura B. Hughes, Richard J. Reynolds, Elizabeth E. Brown, James M. Kelley, Brian Thomson, Doyt L. Conn, Beth L. Jonas, Andrew O. Westfall, Miguel A. Padilla, Leigh F. Callahan 2010 Old Dominion University

Most Common Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms Associated With Rheumatoid Arthritis In Persons Of European Ancestry Confer Risk Of Rheumatoid Arthritis In African Americans, Laura B. Hughes, Richard J. Reynolds, Elizabeth E. Brown, James M. Kelley, Brian Thomson, Doyt L. Conn, Beth L. Jonas, Andrew O. Westfall, Miguel A. Padilla, Leigh F. Callahan

Psychology Faculty Publications

Objective. Large-scale genetic association studies have identified >20 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) risk alleles among individuals of European ancestry. The influence of these risk alleles has not been comprehensively studied in African Americans. We therefore sought to examine whether these validated RA risk alleles are associated with RA risk in an African American population.

Methods. Twenty-seven candidate single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in 556 autoantibody-positive African Americans with RA and 791 healthy African American control subjects. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for each SNP were compared with previously published ORs for RA patients of European ancestry. We ...


Youth In India: Situation And Needs 2006-2007, Andhra Pradesh, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Population Council 2010 Population Council

Youth In India: Situation And Needs 2006-2007, Andhra Pradesh, International Institute For Population Sciences (Iips), Population Council

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

This report is the result of a sub-national study undertaken by the International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai and the Population Council, New Delhi, as part of a project to collect information on key transitions experienced by youth in India, including those related to education, work force participation, sexual activity, marriage, health and civic participation; the magnitude and patterns of young people’s sexual and reproductive practices before, within and outside of marriage as well as related knowledge, decision-making and attitudes. The project was implemented in six states of India: Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu.


Données Démographiques Pour Développement Ii—De La Recherche À L'Intervention: Améliorer L'Accès Et L'Utilsation Des Données Par Les Médias, Population Council 2010 Population Council

Données Démographiques Pour Développement Ii—De La Recherche À L'Intervention: Améliorer L'Accès Et L'Utilsation Des Données Par Les Médias, Population Council

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

This policy brief describes the Population Council’s project to improve access and use of demographic, health, and other public sector data that are essential evidence for development policy planning and evaluation. In many countries, access to data is limited and, when data are available, the format is rarely user-friendly for nonprofessionals, limiting their potential applications. In recent years, the Population Council has examined access to and sharing of data through case studies in Ethiopia, Ghana, Senegal, and Uganda. In phase II of the project, the Council will strive to promote domestic demand for data by working with key intermediaries ...


The Statistical Interpretation Of The Coefficient Of Repeatability, James Loughman 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

The Statistical Interpretation Of The Coefficient Of Repeatability, James Loughman

Other

No abstract provided.


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