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Differences In Satiety Effects Of Alginate- And Whey Protein-Based Foods., Vicky A. Solah, Deborah A. Kerr, Cynthia D. Adikara, Xingqiong Meng, Colin W. Binns, Kun Zhu, Amanda Devine, Richard L. Prince 2010 Curtin University

Differences In Satiety Effects Of Alginate- And Whey Protein-Based Foods., Vicky A. Solah, Deborah A. Kerr, Cynthia D. Adikara, Xingqiong Meng, Colin W. Binns, Kun Zhu, Amanda Devine, Richard L. Prince

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Satiety is important in regulating food intake and has important public health significance in the control of obesity. Food containing protein and non-starch polysaccharides provides a satiety effect through various mechanisms but a comparison of the satiety effect on each has not previously been investigated. This study compared the satiety effect or reduction of hunger after consumption of (i) a whey proteinbased drink versus an alginate-based drink of the same viscosity where only the protein content differed, (ii) two alginate-based drinks differing in alginate type and viscosity, and (iii) a whey protein-based drink versus an alginate-based drink differing in protein ...


Lactate Dyscrasia: A Novel Explanation For Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Sivan Vadakkadath Meethal, Craig Atwood 2010 University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison

Lactate Dyscrasia: A Novel Explanation For Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Sivan Vadakkadath Meethal, Craig Atwood

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS; Lou Gehrig’s disease) is a progressive debilitating neurodegenerative disease with no cure. We propose a novel molecular model for the pathogenesis of ALS that involves an adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-dependent muscle neuronal lactate shuttle (MNLS) at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ) to regulate the flow of lactate from muscle to neurons and vice versa. Failure of the MNLS due to respiratory chain dysfunction is proposed to result in lactate toxicity and degeneration of nerve endings at the NMJ leading to nerve terminus dysjunction from the muscle cell. At a critical threshold where denervation outpaces reinnervation, a ...


A Leadership Program In An Undergraduate Nursing Course In Western Australia: Building Leaders In Our Midst, Joyce M. Hendricks, Vicki C. Cope, Maureen Harris 2010 Edith Cowan University

A Leadership Program In An Undergraduate Nursing Course In Western Australia: Building Leaders In Our Midst, Joyce M. Hendricks, Vicki C. Cope, Maureen Harris

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

This paper discusses a leadership program implemented in the School of Nursing at Edith Cowan University to develop leadership in fourth semester nursing students enrolled in a three year undergraduate nursing degree to prepare them for the dynamic ‘changing world’ environment of healthcare. Students were invited to apply to undertake the program in extracurricular time. Nineteen students applied to the program and ten were chosen to participate in the program. The numbers were limited to ten to equal selected industry leader mentors. The leadership program is based on the belief that leadership is a function of knowing oneself, having a ...


Adult Outcomes Of Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury, Miriam Beauchamp, Julian Dooley, Vicki Anderson 2010 Edith Cowan University

Adult Outcomes Of Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury, Miriam Beauchamp, Julian Dooley, Vicki Anderson

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most common causes of acquired disability during childhood. While the majority of such injuries are mild, and result in few, if any, functional sequelae, children sustaining more significant insults may experience permanent cognitive and behavioral deficits. Clinical reports indicate residual impairments in a range of skills, particularly information-processing, attention, memory, learning, social function and behavior. These deficits impact on a child's capacity to interact with the environment effectively, resulting in lags in skill acquisition, and increasing gaps between injured children and their age peers, as they move through childhood and into ...


On The Eigenstructures Of Functional K-Potent Matrices And Their Integral Forms, Yan Wu, Daniel F. Linder 2010 Georgia Southern University

On The Eigenstructures Of Functional K-Potent Matrices And Their Integral Forms, Yan Wu, Daniel F. Linder

Biostatistics Faculty Publications

In this paper, a functional k-potent matrix satisfies the equation, where k and r are positive integers, and are real numbers. This class of matrices includes idempotent, Nilpotent, and involutary matrices, and more. It turns out that the matrices in this group are best distinguished by their associated eigen-structures. The spectral properties of the matrices are exploited to construct integral k-potent matrices, which have special roles in digital image encryption.


Price And Pretense In The Baby Market, Kimberly D. Krawiec 2010 Duke Law School

Price And Pretense In The Baby Market, Kimberly D. Krawiec

Faculty Scholarship

Throughout the world, baby selling is formally prohibited. And throughout the world babies are bought and sold each day. As demonstrated in this Essay, the legal baby trade is a global market in which prospective parents pay, scores of intermediaries profit, and the demand for children is clearly differentiated by age, race, special needs, and other consumer preferences, with prices ranging from zero to over one hundred thousand dollars. Yet legal regimes and policymakers around the world pretend that the baby market does not exist, most notably through prohibitions against “baby selling” – typically defined as a prohibition against the relinquishment ...


Ngee Ann Polytechnic Student - Intelligent Walking Aid, Lien Centre for Social Innovation 2010 Singapore Management University

Ngee Ann Polytechnic Student - Intelligent Walking Aid, Lien Centre For Social Innovation

Social Space

It is a challenge for the visually handicapped to move about on their own and existing mobility training by the Singapore Association for the Visually Handicapped (SAVH) encourages the visually handicapped to memorise the routes they will be using every day, restricting their opportunities to venture into new places on their own. Two innovative graduates from Ngee Ann Polytechnic have created a prototype walking aid that is more interactive in nature and will allow for the visually handicapped to discover new places, independently.


Friendship's 3-Tier Healthcare System: An Innovative Approach To Delivering Healthcare To Geographically And Socially Remote Areas, Runa Khan 2010 Singapore Management University

Friendship's 3-Tier Healthcare System: An Innovative Approach To Delivering Healthcare To Geographically And Socially Remote Areas, Runa Khan

Social Space

The hardest communities to reach and treat often live in the most remote, harsh landscapes. On the nomadic islands of the Brahmaputra in Bangladesh, poor migratory communities are so cut off from urban centres that medical treatment is virtually unheard of. Runa Khan, Executive Director of Bangladeshi NGO Friendship, shares the difficult and inspired journey to build a mobile healthcare system using hospital ships, mobile clinics and community medics.


Vocal Fold Bowing In Elderly Male Monozygotic Twins: A Case Study, Kristine Tanner, Cara Sauder, Susan L. Thibeault, Christopher Dromey, Marshall E. Smith 2010 The University Of Utah

Vocal Fold Bowing In Elderly Male Monozygotic Twins: A Case Study, Kristine Tanner, Cara Sauder, Susan L. Thibeault, Christopher Dromey, Marshall E. Smith

All Faculty Publications

Objectives: This study examined case histories, diagnostic features, and treatment response in two 79-year-old male monozygotic (identical) twins with vocal fold bowing, exploring both genetic and environmental factors.
Study Design: Case study.
Methods: DNA concordance was examined via cheek swab. Case histories, videostroboscopy, auditory- and visual-perceptual assessment, electromyography, acoustic measures, and Voice Handicap ratings were undertaken. Both twins underwent surgical intervention and subsequent voice therapy.
Results: Monozygosity was confirmed for DNA polymorphisms, with 10 of 10 concordance for STR DNA markers. For both twins, auditory and visual-perceptual assessments indicated severe bowing, hoarseness and breathiness, although Twin 1 was judged to ...


Factors Influencing Overweight Children's Commencement Of And Continuation In A Resistance Training Program, Melanie Pescud, Simone Pettigrew, Michael R. McGuigan, Robert Newton 2010 Edith Cowan University

Factors Influencing Overweight Children's Commencement Of And Continuation In A Resistance Training Program, Melanie Pescud, Simone Pettigrew, Michael R. Mcguigan, Robert Newton

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Background: In light of the child overweight and obesity problem in Australia, resistance training programs have been trialled as an innovative way of assisting children increase lean body mass and reduce body fat. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing overweight children's participation in a resistance training trial program.

Method: Parent-child pairs who participated in the trial program were invited to take part in a follow-up individual interview to discuss their program experiences. In total, 22 semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 parent-child pairs.

Results: The factors found to be most relevant to program commencement ...


Frontiers (Winter 2010) - A Legacy Of Learning, A Future Of Hope: Pearls Of Wisdom For Women's Health, University of Tennessee Medical Center, University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Frontiers (Winter 2010) - A Legacy Of Learning, A Future Of Hope: Pearls Of Wisdom For Women's Health, University Of Tennessee Medical Center, University Of Tennessee Graduate School Of Medicine

Frontiers Magazine

No abstract provided.


Frontiers (Special Edition 2010) - One Heart. One Hospital, University of Tennessee Medical Center, University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Frontiers (Special Edition 2010) - One Heart. One Hospital, University Of Tennessee Medical Center, University Of Tennessee Graduate School Of Medicine

Frontiers Magazine

No abstract provided.


Skill Acquisition In Skin Cancer Detection, Craig Speelman, Katie Martin, Steven Flower, Terry Simpson 2010 Edith Cowan University

Skill Acquisition In Skin Cancer Detection, Craig Speelman, Katie Martin, Steven Flower, Terry Simpson

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Previous research has shown that the ability to detect potentially dangerous skin lesions is not improved by viewing a pamphlet describing the characteristic features of such lesions. A different approach to improving this skill was investigated in this study. 100 student recruits were tested to investigate the effect of practice at distinguishing between dangerous and nondangerous skin lesions. Around 30 minutes of such practice, viewing 360 pictures of skin lesions, provided a significant advantage in making decisions about a target set of dangerous and nondangerous lesions, compared to no practice or practice with a filler task. Viewing a skin cancer ...


Bullying In School And Cyberspace: Associations With Depressive Symptoms In Swiss And Australian Adolescents., Sonja Perren, Julian Dooley, Therese Shaw, Donna Cross 2010 Edith Cowan University

Bullying In School And Cyberspace: Associations With Depressive Symptoms In Swiss And Australian Adolescents., Sonja Perren, Julian Dooley, Therese Shaw, Donna Cross

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Background Cyber-bullying (i.e., bullying via electronic means) has emerged as a new form of bullying that presents unique challenges to those victimised. Recent studies have demonstrated that there is a significant conceptual and practical overlap between both types of bullying such that most young people who are cyber-bullied also tend to be bullied by more traditional methods. Despite the overlap between traditional and cyber forms of bullying, it remains unclear if being a victim of cyber-bullying has the same negative consequences as being a victim of traditional bullying. Method The current study investigated associations between cyber versus traditional bullying ...


Inhaled Methoxyflurane And Intranasal Fentanyl For Prehospital Management Of Visceral Pain In An Australian Ambulance Service., Steven Johnston, Gary Wilkes, Jennifer Thompson, Melanie Ziman, Richard Brightwell 2010 Edith Cowan University

Inhaled Methoxyflurane And Intranasal Fentanyl For Prehospital Management Of Visceral Pain In An Australian Ambulance Service., Steven Johnston, Gary Wilkes, Jennifer Thompson, Melanie Ziman, Richard Brightwell

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Objective This study analysed the analgesic effect and changes in vital signs associated with administration of inhaled Methoxyflurane (MTX) and/or intranasal Fentanyl (INF) for prehospital management of visceral pain. Method A retrospective, observational study reviewing 1024 randomly selected records of patients with presumed visceral pain administered MTX (465), INF (397) or both (162) by the Western Australian Ambulance Service between January 2004 and February 2006. Clinical variables assessed included systolic blood pressure, pulse rate, respiration rate and Glasgow Coma Scale score. Pain was assessed utilising Visual/Verbal Analogue Scale pain scores. Results Overall effects on vital signs appeared favourable ...


A Practical Approach To Assess Depression Risk And To Guide Risk Reduction Strategies In Later Life, Osvaldo Almeida, Helman Alfonso, Jane Pirkis, Ngaire Kerse, Moira Sim, Leon Flicker, John Snowdon, Brian Draper, Gerard Byrne, Robert Goldney, Nicola Lautenschlager, Nigel Stocks, Marcia Scazufca, Martijn Huisman, Ricardo Araya, John Pfaff 2010 Edith Cowan University

A Practical Approach To Assess Depression Risk And To Guide Risk Reduction Strategies In Later Life, Osvaldo Almeida, Helman Alfonso, Jane Pirkis, Ngaire Kerse, Moira Sim, Leon Flicker, John Snowdon, Brian Draper, Gerard Byrne, Robert Goldney, Nicola Lautenschlager, Nigel Stocks, Marcia Scazufca, Martijn Huisman, Ricardo Araya, John Pfaff

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Background: Many factors have been associated with the onset and maintenance of depressive symptoms in later life, although this knowledge is yet to be translated into significant health gains for the population. This study gathered information about common modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors for depression with the aim of developing a practical probabilistic model of depression that can be used to guide risk reduction strategies. Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken of 20,677 community-dwelling Australians aged 60 years or over in contact with their general practitioner during the preceding 12 months. Prevalent depression (minor or major) according to the ...


Vision Self-Mmanagement For Older Adults: A Randomised Controlled Trial, Sonya Girdler, Duncan P Boldy, Satvinder S Dhaliwal, Margaret Crowley, Tanya L Packer 2010 Edith Cowan University

Vision Self-Mmanagement For Older Adults: A Randomised Controlled Trial, Sonya Girdler, Duncan P Boldy, Satvinder S Dhaliwal, Margaret Crowley, Tanya L Packer

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Background/aims Ageing of the population will result in unprecedented numbers of older adults living with age-related vision loss (ARVL). Self-management models improve health outcomes and reduce healthcare costs; however, the principles have rarely been applied in low vision services. Methods A two-armed randomised controlled trial of older adults (n=77) with ARVL compared ‘usual care’ provided by a not-for-profit community agency with an extended model of care (usual care+self-management group intervention). The primary outcome variable (participation in life situations) was measured using the Activity Card Sort. Secondary outcome measures examined general health and vision-specific domains. Results The intention-to-treat ...


The Pregnancy Hormones Human Chorionic Gonadotropin And Progesterone Induce Human Embryonic Stem Cell Proliferation And Differentiation Into Neuroectodermal Rosettes, Miguel Gallego, Prashob Porayette, Maria Kaltcheva, Richard Bowan, Sivan Vadakkadath Meethal, Craig Atwood 2010 Edith Cowan University

The Pregnancy Hormones Human Chorionic Gonadotropin And Progesterone Induce Human Embryonic Stem Cell Proliferation And Differentiation Into Neuroectodermal Rosettes, Miguel Gallego, Prashob Porayette, Maria Kaltcheva, Richard Bowan, Sivan Vadakkadath Meethal, Craig Atwood

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Introduction: The physiological signals that direct the division and differentiation of the zygote to form a blastocyst, and subsequent embryonic stem cell division and differentiation during early embryogenesis, are unknown. Although a number of growth factors, including the pregnancy-associated hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) are secreted by trophoblasts that lie adjacent to the embryoblast in the blastocyst, it is not known whether these growth factors directly signal human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). Methods: Here we used hESCs as a model of inner cell mass differentiation to examine the hormonal requirements for the formation of embryoid bodies (EB’s; akin to ...


Predicting Memory Decline As A Risk Factor For Alzheimer's Disease In Older Post-Menopausal Women: Quod Erat Demonstrandum?, Mark Rodrigues, Jonathan Foster, Giuseppe Verdile, Karen Joesbury, Richard Prince, Amanda Devine, Pankaj Mehta, John Beilby, Ralph Martins 2010 Edith Cowan University

Predicting Memory Decline As A Risk Factor For Alzheimer's Disease In Older Post-Menopausal Women: Quod Erat Demonstrandum?, Mark Rodrigues, Jonathan Foster, Giuseppe Verdile, Karen Joesbury, Richard Prince, Amanda Devine, Pankaj Mehta, John Beilby, Ralph Martins

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the major form of age-related dementia worldwide, accounting for more than two-thirds of all dementia cases. The disease is characterized by a progressive loss of cognitive and intellectual functioning (Gilman, 1997). A number of risk factors for AD have been identified. The prevalence of AD increases with age, diabetes, depression, family history of Parkinson's disease and following head injury or exposure to solvents (Jorm et al., 1991; van Duijn et al., 1991; Ott et al., 1995; Yoshitake et al., 1995; Devanand et al., 1996). Published research further suggests that low education levels are associated ...


Extensive Proteomic Screening Identifies The Obesity-Related Nyggf4 Protein As A Novel Lrp1-Interactor, Showing Reduced Expression In Early Alzheimer's Disease, Yuji Kajiwara, Sonia Franciosi, Nagahide Takahashi, Lisa Krug, James Schmeidler, Kevin Taddei, Vahram Haroutunian, Ulrik Fried, Michelle Ehrlich, Ralph Martins, Samuel Evans Gandy 2010 Edith Cowan University

Extensive Proteomic Screening Identifies The Obesity-Related Nyggf4 Protein As A Novel Lrp1-Interactor, Showing Reduced Expression In Early Alzheimer's Disease, Yuji Kajiwara, Sonia Franciosi, Nagahide Takahashi, Lisa Krug, James Schmeidler, Kevin Taddei, Vahram Haroutunian, Ulrik Fried, Michelle Ehrlich, Ralph Martins, Samuel Evans Gandy

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Background The low-density lipoprotein receptor related protein 1 (LRP1) has been implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) but its signalling has not been fully evaluated. There is good evidence that the cytoplasmic domain of LRP1 is involved in protein-protein interactions, important in the cell biology of LRP1. Results We carried out three yeast two-hybrid screens to identify proteins that interact with the cytoplasmic domain of LRP1. The screens included both conventional screens as well as a novel, split-ubiquitin-based screen in which an LRP1 construct was expressed and screened as a transmembrane protein. The split-ubiquitin screen was validated in a screen ...


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