Suggested Reference Ranges In Clinical Chemistry For Apparently Healthy Males And Females Of Pakistan., 2017 Agha Khan University
Suggested Reference Ranges In Clinical Chemistry For Apparently Healthy Males And Females Of Pakistan., Ayesha Molla, Mohammad Khurshid, William T. Manser, Rukhsana Lalani, Anis Alam, Zubaida Mohammad
Abstract Seven hundred and eighty six apparently healthy males (418) and females (368) aged 0-69 years were randomly selected for estimation of reference ranges of 24 serum analytes at the clinical chemistry laboratory of The Ago Khon University Hospital (AKUH). Of the total study samples, 56% (439/786) were in the poediatric age group (0-14 years) and 44% (347/786) in the adult (1 5_60 years) group. Beckman Astra Ideal Autoanalyzer was used for all the estimations. Moon and standard deviations (SD) were calculated for each of the age groups. Reference ranges were calculated following standard methods of the International ...
Polycythemia Vera And Idiopathic Erythrocytosis: Comparison Of Clinical And Laboratory Parameters, 2017 Aga Khan University
Polycythemia Vera And Idiopathic Erythrocytosis: Comparison Of Clinical And Laboratory Parameters, M. Usman, F. Bilwani, G. N. Kakepoto, Salman Adil, R. Sajid, Mohammad Khurshid
Objective: To evaluate the various clinical and laboratory parameters of Polycythemia vera and idiopathic erythrocytosis in order to differentiate between two entities at the Aga Khan University Hospital. Methods: Twenty six patients of polycythemia vera and 34 patients of idiopathic erythrocytosis were analyzed with respect to clinical features and laboratory findings. Results: Patients with idiopathic erythrocytosis were males with a mean age of 41 years and no splenomegaly. Patients with polycythemia were older males and females with splenomegaly, red cell count of mor than 6.5 million/cmm, haematocrit 55%, leucocytosis, thrombocytosis and low erythropoietin level. Conclusion: Based on the ...
Prevalence Of Iron Deficiency Anaemia In Children Of The Urban Slums Of Karachi, 2017 Aga Khan University
Prevalence Of Iron Deficiency Anaemia In Children Of The Urban Slums Of Karachi, Ayesha Molla, Mohammad Khurshid, A. Majid Molla
A preliminary baseline survey was conducted to estimate the prevalence of anaemia in a group of 391 children aged 6-60 months, randomly selected from three urban slums of Karachi. Haemoglobin and the red cell indices including haematocrit, MCV, MCH, MCHC, ABC and red cell distribution width (RDW) were estimated for each of the selected children. Ferritin estimation was done on 354 (9 1%) children to assess the iron storage status. According to WHO criteria, the accepted cut-off point for anaemia screening in children is set at 11 gm/dl, 70 fI and 20 pg for haemoglobin, MCV and MCH respectively ...
Rhesus And Kell Phenotyping Of Voluntary Blood Donors: Foundation Of A Donor Data Bank, 2017 Aga Khan University
Rhesus And Kell Phenotyping Of Voluntary Blood Donors: Foundation Of A Donor Data Bank, Farheen Karim, Bushra Moiz, Fahmida Jan Muhammad, Fatima Ausat, Mohammad Khurshid
OBJECTIVE: To assess the Rhesus (Rh) and Kell (K) phenotype of voluntary blood donors and lay foundation of a data bank of voluntary blood donors. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Blood Bank, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, in the year 2014. METHODOLOGY: Voluntary blood donors were inducted after taking written informed consent. Three -5cc of EDTA anticoagulated blood sample was taken to phenotype red cells for C, c, E, e, and Kell antigens using antisera. [DiaMedSwitzerland]. RESULTS: Hundred blood donors were included in the study. ABO blood groups of the donors were: O [37%], B ...
Radiation Induced Tumor Lysis Syndrome In Patients With Leukemia, 2017 Aga Khan University
Radiation Induced Tumor Lysis Syndrome In Patients With Leukemia, Imtiaz A. Malik, Paul Vellozo, Mohammad Khurshid, M. Ata Khan
Tumour lysis syndrome is a catastrophic complicalion of treatment of certain neoplasms. It is usually seen with the tumours that have high growth fractions, increased bulk and extreme sensitivity to cytotoxic therapy. Most commonly it occurs in association with hematologic malignancies such as lymphomas and leukaemias. Rarely it has been observed with solid tumours like small cell lung cancer, seminoma and carcinoma of the breast. The syndrome develops due to massive cell lysis occurring within a few hours to a few days of starting the cytotoxic therapy. It is characterized by hyperuricemia, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia and hypocalcaemia. Acute renal failure ...
Presentation Of A Patient With Palpable Purpuric Rash, 2017 Aga Khan University
Presentation Of A Patient With Palpable Purpuric Rash, Safoorah Khalid, Mohammad Khurshid
Henoch Shonlein purpura (HSP) is a form of systemic vasculitis characterized by deposition of IgA dominant immune complexes in the small vessels. The triad of palpable purpuric rash on lower extremities, abdominal or renal involvement and arthritis is the typical presentation in this condition. The disease primarily affects children and is less common in adults. We report a case of a young female who presented with palpable purpura on legs, classical symptoms of HSP i.e. arthritis and off and on abdominal pain.
Pattern Of Dyslipoproteinemia In Selected Population Of Karachi, 2017 Aga Khan University
Pattern Of Dyslipoproteinemia In Selected Population Of Karachi, Erum Khan, Ayesha Molla, Naila Kayani, Mohammad Khurshid
Pattern of dyslipoproteinemia was studied ,over a period of 3-1/2 years in 487(394 males, 93 females) cases aged 4 to above 70 years. Type IV hyperlipoproteinemia was most prevalent (36%) followed by type V (15%)
Prevalence Of Hepatitis C Virus In Lymphoproliferative Disorders, 2017 Aga Khan University
Prevalence Of Hepatitis C Virus In Lymphoproliferative Disorders, F. Bilwani, Y. Zaidi, G. N. Kakepoto, Salman Adil, Mohammad Khurshid
Objective: To study the prevalence of hepatitis C virus in lymphoproliferative disorders. Methods: A case control prospective study was performed on 143 patients with lymphoproliferative disorders and 29 patients with non-hematological malignancies were taken as controls. All the patients in both groups were analyzed for various risk factors for infection with hepatitis C virus and were tested for the presence of hepatitis C virus antibody (anti HCV), cryoglobulins and rheumatoid factor antibody. Hepatitis C viremia was documented by detection of HCV RNA by polymerase chain reaction. Results: There was no significant difference for risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection ...
Nutritional Parameters Predicting Postoperative Infections, 2017 Aga Khan University
Nutritional Parameters Predicting Postoperative Infections, Jamsheer Talati, M. Shameem, Mohammad Khurshid
Thirteen nutritional parameters viz body mass index (BMI), mid arm circumference (MAC), mid calf circumference (MCC), triceps skin fold thickness (TST), abdominal skin fold thickness (ASFT), abdominal girth at umbilicus (AG U), haemoglobin (Hb), total leucocytes count (WBC), absolute lymphocyte count (ALC), serum proteins (Prot.), serum albumin (AIb), serum total iron binding capacity (TIBC) and serum iron (Fe) were estimated in 52 (36 male and 16 female) consecutive patients admitted to a surgical service at the Abbasi Shaheed Hospital, Karachi. Nine males and one female developed surgical infections whilst the wounds of 27 males and 15 females healed by primary ...
Increased Expression Of Hla Dr2 In Acquired Aplastic Anemia And Its Impact On Response To Immunosuppressive Therapy, M. Usman, Salman Adil, Tariq Moatter, F. Bilwani, S. Arian, Mohammad Khurshid
Objective: To study the frequency of HLA DR2 status of patients with aplastic anemia and their response to immunosuppressive therapy at a tertiary care hospital. Methods: Thirty eight consecutive patients of acquired aplastic anemia were evaluated with respect to demographic features, severity of HLA DR2 status and response outcome to immunosuppressive therapy. Results: The mean age of the patients was 24.6 years + 16.4 with a male to female ratio of 2.8:1. Positivity of HLA DR2 was markedly high in acquired aplastic anemia patients. Twenty four (65%) out of 38 patients as compared to 45 (15%) of ...
Lack Of Benefit Of Granulocyte Macrophage Or Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor In Patients With Febrile Neutropenia, T. Siddiqui, I. A. Burney, A. Salam, G. N. Kakepoto, Mohammad Khurshid, R. A. Smego
Objectives: To compare the clinical benefits of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) or granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) plus standard supportive care to supportive care alone among cancer patients with febrile neutropenia. Methods: Clinical data were collected retrospectively from 148 consecutive cancer patients with neutropenia and fever. Patients had hematologic (i.e., acute leukemias or lymphoproliferative disorders) or non-hematologic malignancies (i.e., solid tumors including carcinoma of breast, lung, or colon). Clinical variables analyzed included: age and sex; underlying malignancies; chemotherapy regimens; symptoms at time of presentation; duration of fever prior to study enrollment; days from chemotherapy until administration of GM-CSF ...
Hairy Cell Leukemia: Clinical Presentation And Long Term Follow Up After Treatment With 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-Cda), Fareena Bilwani, Mohammad Usman, Salman Adil, Ghulam N. Kakepoto, Mohammad Khurshid
The aim of the study was to the clinical features and long term follow up after treatment with Cladarbine in a tertiary care hospital. Seven patients with hairy cell leukemia were diagnosed between January 1990 till December 2003. Diagnosis in all the patients was established by bone marrow aspirates and trephine biopsy along with TRAP. In two patients the diagnosis was supplemented by flowcytometry and in another two patients by splenectomy. Six patients were male while one was female. Mean age was 47.7 years (range 36-64). Most common presenting features were pallor and weakness (n=5). All patients had ...
Frequency Of Irregular Red Cell Alloantibodies In Patients With Thalassemia Major: A Bicenter Study, 2017 Aga Khan University
Frequency Of Irregular Red Cell Alloantibodies In Patients With Thalassemia Major: A Bicenter Study, Fareena Bilwani, Ghulam Nabi, Salman Adil, Mohammad Usman, Farrukh Hassan, Mohammad Khurshid
Objective: To provide frequency and distribution pattern of various types of irregular red cell alloantibodies in patients with thalassemia major. Methods: This is a descriptive study conducted at two centers from January to December 2001. Purposive sampling was done and all patients diagnosed to have thalassemia major were included in the study. Antibody identification was carried out on serum employing commercial two-cell panel using standardized blood bank methods. If patients were found to have an irregular red cell alloantibody then the antibody identification was performed using 16 panel cells. Results: A total of ninety-seven patients were included in the study ...
Frequency Of Hereditary Thrombophilia: An Akuh Experience., 2017 Aga Khan University
Frequency Of Hereditary Thrombophilia: An Akuh Experience., Safoorah Khalid, Raihan Sajid, Salman Adil, Mohammad Khurshid
Abstract Objective: To determine the frequency of various causes of hereditary thrombophilia at a referral laboratory and the age and gender distribution. Methods: This is a descriptive study incorporating a retrospective analysis of requests for thrombophilia screening sent to Clinical laboratory, Aga Khan University Hospital from November 1995 to May 2002.Patients were screened for hereditary causes of thrombophilia including Protein C, Protein S, antithrombin III, Factor V Leiden and homocysteine. Frequency of each disorder; and age and sex distribution was determined. Results: All the patients suspected clinically for thrombophilia were screened. Of the 2825 patients, 70 were diagnosed to ...
Frequency And Clinical Spectrum Of Rare Inherited Coagulopathies--A Tricenter Study, 2017 Aga Khan University
Frequency And Clinical Spectrum Of Rare Inherited Coagulopathies--A Tricenter Study, Safoorah Khalid, Fareena Bilwani, Salman Naseem Adil, Mohammad Khurshid
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of rare inherited coagulopathies at three centers of haematology in Karachi and to study the clinical spectrum and laboratory data of these coagulopathies. METHODS: This was a descriptive study conducted from September 2003 to December 2004 on subjects from Aga Khan University Hospital, Husaini Blood Bank and Fatimid Blood Transfusion Centre. All the subjects with bleeding tendency without any acquired causes of bleeding were selected for further investigation, and were asked relevant questions as present in the questionnaire. Screening tests including platelet count, PT, APTT and bleeding time were performed on all patients and subsequently ...
Flow Cytometric And Demographic Analysis Of T Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia In Pakistani Population., 2017 Aga Khan University
Flow Cytometric And Demographic Analysis Of T Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia In Pakistani Population., M R. Khawaja, S S. Allana, N N. Akbaral, S N. Adil, M. Khurshid, Shahid Pervez
Background: This study was carried out to analyze the proportion of T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (TALL) among all acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in Pakistani population and its correlation with the demographic features. Accuracy of cell surface markers used in flow cytometric analysis of the leukemic cells was also determined. Methods: Data of 209 consecutive cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) presenting between July 1995 and July 2003 was analyzed. Flow cytometry was performed on all ALL cases using the standard protocols. TALL markers included CD3, CD5 and CD7. Results: Proportion of TALL among known ALL Pakistani patients was 17 ...
Effect Of L-Type Calcium Channel Blocker (Amlodipine) On Myocardial Iron Deposition In Patients With Thalassaemia With Moderate-To-Severe Myocardial Iron Deposition: Protocol For A Randomised, Controlled Trial, 2017 Aga Khan University
Effect Of L-Type Calcium Channel Blocker (Amlodipine) On Myocardial Iron Deposition In Patients With Thalassaemia With Moderate-To-Severe Myocardial Iron Deposition: Protocol For A Randomised, Controlled Trial, Amarah Shakoor, Maaman Zahoor, Alina Sadaf, Najveen Alvi, Zehra Fadoo, Arjumand Rizvi, Farheen Quadri, Fateh Ali Tipoo, Mohammad Khurshid, Zaffar Sajjad, Steven Colan, Babar S Hasan
Introduction: Sideroblastic cardiomyopathy secondary to repeated blood transfusions is a feared complication in thalassaemia. Control of myocardial iron is thus becoming the cornerstone of thalassaemia management. Recent evidence suggests a role for L-type Ca2+ channels in mediating iron uptake by the heart. Blocking the cellular iron uptake through these channels may add to the benefit of therapy to standard chelation in reducing myocardial iron. We aim to determine the efficacy of amlodipine (a calcium channel blocker) as an adjunct to standard aggressive chelation in retarding myocardial iron deposition in thalassaemics with or without cardiomyopathy.Outcomes: The primary outcome is to ...
Does Red Blood Cell Distribution Width (Rdw) Improve Evaluation Of Microcytic Anaemias?, 2017 Agha Khan University
Does Red Blood Cell Distribution Width (Rdw) Improve Evaluation Of Microcytic Anaemias?, Muhammad Sajjad Baqar, Mohammad Khurshid, A Molla
Abstract The red cell distribution width (RDW) is an index of the variation in red cells size (anisocytosis). A study was conducted to examine the validity of using RDW in improving classification of microcytic anaemias. A total of 300 blood samples collected from a patient population aged 3 months to 55 years who were referred for haemoglobin electrophoresis were examined at The Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH). On complete blood count, initially 200 patients (66.6%) were found to have hypochromic microcytic anaemia. Following haemoglobin electrophoresis 41% (821200) patients were diagnosed to have thalassemia minor and 59% (1181200) had hypochromic ...
Epidemiological Features Of Aplastic Anaemia In Pakistan, 2017 Aga Khan University
Epidemiological Features Of Aplastic Anaemia In Pakistan, Salman Adil, G. N. Kakepoto, Mohammad Khurshid, I. A. Burney
Objective: To complete the data on the demographic features of patients diagnosed to have aplastic anemia at a single institution over a 7.5 years period. Methods: Demographic information was retrieved from the patients medical records retrospectively as well as prospectively of those patients who presented with features of aplastic anaemia. Their diagnosis was confirmed by performing a complete blood count and bone marrow trephine. Results: One hundred and forty four patients were diagnosed to have aplastic anemia; there were 106 males and 38 females. Their ages ranged from 2 to 75 years, with a median of 17 years, 112 ...
Fludarabine Induced Immune Thrombocytopenia In A Patient With Cd5 Positive B Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, M. Usman, Salman Adil, R. Sajid, Mohammad Khurshid
Fludarabine is a purine nucleoside analogue, which inhibits DNA synthesis by inhibiting DNA polymerase and ribonucleoside reductase.1 It affects both dividing and non- dividing cells.2 Fludarabine possesses proven efficacy in the treatment of a variety of indolent B cell lymphoproliferative disorders including chronic lymphocytic leukemia3, low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma4 and Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia.5 It is also a part of conditioning regimes in non-myeloablative bone marrow transplantation.6 The common side effects include myelosuppression, immunosuppression, and neurologic toxicity.7 The rare side effects are immune mediated hemolytic anemia8 and thrombocytopenia.9 Here we describe a case of a middle-aged ...