Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

167,254 Full-Text Articles 276,445 Authors 45,816,135 Downloads 422 Institutions

All Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Faceted Search

167,254 full-text articles. Page 4773 of 5919.

Influence Of Diet-And Weight-Related Behaviors And Social Norms On Obesity In Texas Eighth And Eleventh Grade Adolescents, Brianna Moore 2012 University of Texas at Tyler

Influence Of Diet-And Weight-Related Behaviors And Social Norms On Obesity In Texas Eighth And Eleventh Grade Adolescents, Brianna Moore

Health and Kinesiology Theses

Introduction: Adolescent obesity and overweight is now of critical concern for Texas. The aim of this study was to understand the influence of diet- and weight-related behaviors and perceived social norms on weight status in Texas adolescents. Methods: This study analyzed of 2004-2005 School Physical Activity and Nutrition data. Multinomial logistic regression tested the associations between overweight and obese (compared with underweight/normal) and the influence of diet- and weight-related social norms and behaviors, adjusting for demographics. Results: Certain factors were associated with a decreased risk of obesity: (a) Breakfast skipping (Male/Eleventh grade); (b) Adequate dairy consumption (African American ...


Early Term Infant Care: Hospital Utilization And Breastfeeding Practices, Debra Craighead 2012 University of Texas at Tyler

Early Term Infant Care: Hospital Utilization And Breastfeeding Practices, Debra Craighead

Nursing Theses and Dissertations

Early term infants (ETI), with gestational ages from 37 to 38 weeks, have higher morbidity and mortality rates when compared with later term infant counterparts born at 39 to 41 weeks. Although this newly identified term infant subcategory is gaining attention, the immediate and long term health outcomes and care needs of ETI remain largely unexplored. The purpose of this research project was to examine the current research documenting ETI health and explore care practices that are currently utilized to promote ETI health. The original research study describes care practices used to promote health for ETIs born in Louisiana in ...


Inducible Cre Transgenic Mouse Strain For Skeletal Muscle-Specific Gene Targeting, John J. McCarthy, Ratchakrit Srikuea, Tyler J. Kirby, Charlotte A. Peterson, Karyn A. Esser 2012 University of Kentucky

Inducible Cre Transgenic Mouse Strain For Skeletal Muscle-Specific Gene Targeting, John J. Mccarthy, Ratchakrit Srikuea, Tyler J. Kirby, Charlotte A. Peterson, Karyn A. Esser

Center for Muscle Biology Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: The use of the Cre/loxP system for gene targeting has been proven to be a powerful tool for understanding gene function. The purpose of this study was to create and characterize an inducible, skeletal muscle-specific Cre transgenic mouse strain.

METHODS: To achieve skeletal muscle-specific expression, the human α-skeletal actin promoter was used to drive expression of a chimeric Cre recombinase containing two mutated estrogen receptor ligand-binding domains.

RESULTS: Western blot analysis, PCR and β-galactosidase staining confirmed that Cre-mediated recombination was restricted to limb and craniofacial skeletal muscles only after tamoxifen administration.

CONCLUSIONS: A transgenic mouse was created that ...


College Of Public Health News, 2012 Georgia Southern University

College Of Public Health News

Public Health, Jiann-Ping Hsu College of - News

  • Broadening the Impact of JPHCOPH


Exploratory Study Of Immigrant Kenyan Mothers Knowledge, Beliefs And Attitudes About Health And Nutrition, Akua Smith 2012 University of Texas at Tyler

Exploratory Study Of Immigrant Kenyan Mothers Knowledge, Beliefs And Attitudes About Health And Nutrition, Akua Smith

Health and Kinesiology Theses

The focus of this study was Sub Saharan African women living in the U.S. and their knowledge, beliefs and attitudes about good health and nutrition and how their knowledge, beliefs and attitudes affect their behaviors and the behaviors of their children. Social Cognitive Theory was selected as the best fit behavioral model and was utilized in this study. The research method used for this study was traditional focus groups, which provide a forum for both researcher and participant to expound on the study subject matter through guided discussion, combined with photo voice, a visual elicitation method. In this study ...


Do Physicians Contribute To Economic Growth? An Empirical Analysis, Mary Reilly 2012 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Do Physicians Contribute To Economic Growth? An Empirical Analysis, Mary Reilly

Honors Scholar Theses

Physicians may contribute to economic growth in two distinct, opposite ways. On the one hand, an efficient number of physicians may keep people healthy, which raises the productivity of laborers and allows them to return to work quickly after an illness. This type of profit-seeking behavior by physicians should raise the growth of the economy. On the other hand, too many physicians may exist in a market area, which leads to supplier-induced demand (SID). The SID may keep laborers out of work for longer periods and thereby negatively impact the growth of the economy. Moreover, the extra number of physicians ...


Growth And Expression Of Halorhodopsin For Application In A Protein-Based Artificial Retina, Megan Ryan Gillespie 2012 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Growth And Expression Of Halorhodopsin For Application In A Protein-Based Artificial Retina, Megan Ryan Gillespie

Honors Scholar Theses

Halorhodopsin (HR), a light-activated chloride ion pump, demonstrates potential for use as the scaffolding in an artificial retina. Retinal implants are needed to restore vision to people afflicted with ophthalmic diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and retinitis pigmentosa (RP). A protein-based chloride ion-patch would be utilized by the eye to create an influx of chloride ions, similar to ion concentrations in healthy retinas during the conversion of light stimuli to electrochemical signals. This protein-based retinal prosthesis will directly stimulate the bipolar cells of the retina, replacing the function of damaged photoreceptor cells. Other alternative treatments for AMD and ...


Predictors Of 3pq And Quickboard Performance In Power-Oriented Collegiate Athletes, Brendan Putney 2012 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Predictors Of 3pq And Quickboard Performance In Power-Oriented Collegiate Athletes, Brendan Putney

Honors Scholar Theses

The measuring of athletic performance via pre participation experiments has been the norm for a long time from high school sports, all the way to professional athletics. These tests help gauge an athlete's physical growth over the offseason, as well as aid in predicting their potential performance in the future. However, performance may diminish as multiple maximum effort assessments are completed due to fatigue. The purpose of this study was to examine targeted assessments for possible novel qualities as performance predictors. Baseline data was taken from a larger performance enhancement study for analysis. Twenty-six men (age: 25+4 yr ...


Dmft And Its Possible Determinants In The Honduran Population, Patrick T. Cooper 2012 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Dmft And Its Possible Determinants In The Honduran Population, Patrick T. Cooper

Honors Scholar Theses

Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the dental health status of several communities in Honduras in terms of the DMFT index (decayed missing and filled teeth). Specifically the study focused on comparisons of the Garifuna (a maroon community in Tela) with the people of San Jose, Copan, and others who traveled from other regions to come to a medical clinic. These results were also compared to other populations of developing and developed countries. Through looking at each participant’s DMFT score, many possible correlations to oral health were explored including region, age, gender, snacking, tobacco use, and oral hygiene ...


Generating Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells From Human Fibroblast Utilizing Controlled Expression Of Transcription Factors, Ju-Sung Song 2012 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Generating Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells From Human Fibroblast Utilizing Controlled Expression Of Transcription Factors, Ju-Sung Song

Honors Scholar Theses

Human Embryonic stem cells (hESCs) represent a pluripotent cell population derived from the inner cell mass (ICM) of the blastocyst stage of the developing embryo. Ethical concerns have been raised regarding the derivation process, as the procedure ultimately results in the destruction of the embryos. Recently, alternative approach has been devised that encompasses reprogramming of terminally differentiated cells into an hESC-like state. This process relies on the over-expression of four pluripotency-associated factors, and successfully reprogrammed cells are termed induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). These cells hold great promise for the use in future cell-based therapeutics such as evaluating drug induced ...


Huge Rhinolith Nasal Cavity An Interesting Case Report And A Review Of Literature, Balasubramanian Thiagarajan 2012 Stanley Medical College

Huge Rhinolith Nasal Cavity An Interesting Case Report And A Review Of Literature, Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

Rhinoliths are calcareous deposits (stone like) inside the nasal cavity. These stone like structures are highly friable and may crumble when crushed. This interesting case report discusses a patient with a huge rhinolith inside the nasal cavity. Rhinoliths since they crumble easily can be removed after crushing with a luc’s forceps via the nasal cavity. Since the rhinolith in this patient was very large extending up to the choana it was removed via lateral rhinotomy approach in order to avoid excessive injury to nasal mucosa during the process of removal.


Creating An Interactive Dnp Project Repository:A Model For Change, Sara D. Guido Dr. 2012 USF

Creating An Interactive Dnp Project Repository:A Model For Change, Sara D. Guido Dr.

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

The creation of systems that can provide bridges to information technology requires rethinking old ways of doing business. In the past, individual universities and colleges would accommodate theses and dissertations on their library sites. Some of these sites are public and can be accessed by everyone, while some require university-specific affiliation.

This project aims to apply knowledge and skills related to information systems and technology. With the growth of the DNP clinical doctorate programs, and final outcome projects there is a need for specialized DNP database for a new method of data entry and retrieval for DNP’s. The creation ...


Remarkable Resilience Of Teeth (How Are Teeth So Brittle Yet So Resilient), Paul J. Constantino 2012 Marshall University

Remarkable Resilience Of Teeth (How Are Teeth So Brittle Yet So Resilient), Paul J. Constantino

Biological Sciences Faculty Research

Tooth enamel is inherently weak, with fracture toughness comparable with glass, yet it is remarkably resilient, surviving millions of functional contacts over a lifetime. We propose a microstructural mechanism of damage resistance, based on observations from ex situ loading of human and sea otter molars (teeth with strikingly similar structural features). Section views of the enamel implicate tufts, hypomineralized crack-like defects at the enamel–dentin junction, as primary fracture sources. We report a stabilization in the evolution of these defects, by ‘‘stress shielding’’ from neighbors, by inhibition of ensuing crack extension from prism interweaving (decussation), and by self-healing. These factors ...


Associations Between Retinol-Binding Protein 4 And Cardiometabolic Risk Factors And Subclinical Atherosclerosis In Recently Postmenopausal Women: Cross-Sectional Analyses From The Keeps Study, Gary Huang, Dan Wang, Unab I. Khan, Irfan Zeb, JoAnn E. Manson, Virginia Miller, Howard N. Hodis, Matthew J. Budoff, George R. Merriam, Mitchell S. Harman, Eliot A. Brinton, Marcelle Cedars, Yali Su, Rogerio A. Lobo, Frederick Naftolin, Nanette Santoro, Hugh S. Taylor,, Rachel P. Wildman 2012 Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA

Associations Between Retinol-Binding Protein 4 And Cardiometabolic Risk Factors And Subclinical Atherosclerosis In Recently Postmenopausal Women: Cross-Sectional Analyses From The Keeps Study, Gary Huang, Dan Wang, Unab I. Khan, Irfan Zeb, Joann E. Manson, Virginia Miller, Howard N. Hodis, Matthew J. Budoff, George R. Merriam, Mitchell S. Harman, Eliot A. Brinton, Marcelle Cedars, Yali Su, Rogerio A. Lobo, Frederick Naftolin, Nanette Santoro, Hugh S. Taylor,, Rachel P. Wildman

Department of Family Medicine

Background: The published literature regarding the relationships between retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) and cardiometabolic risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis is conflicting, likely due, in part, to limitations of frequently used RBP4 assays. Prior large studies have not utilized the gold-standard western blot analysis of RBP4 levels.
Methods: Full-length serum RBP4 levels were measured by western blot in 709 postmenopausal women screened for the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study. Cross-sectional analyses related RBP4 levels to cardiometabolic risk factors, carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT), and coronary artery calcification (CAC). Results: The mean age of women was 52.9 (± 2.6) years, and ...


Eating And Physical Activity Habits Of College Students., Crystal D. D. West 2012 East Tennessee State University

Eating And Physical Activity Habits Of College Students., Crystal D. D. West

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract.


Predictors Of Success To Pass The National Physical Therapy Exam: Is There A Correlation Between Gre/Gpa Scores And Success Rates?, Kelsey Taylor 2012 East Tennessee State University

Predictors Of Success To Pass The National Physical Therapy Exam: Is There A Correlation Between Gre/Gpa Scores And Success Rates?, Kelsey Taylor

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Graduate Record Exam (GRE) is an admission criterion for many different graduate programs including the Doctorate of Physical Therapy (DPT). Upon completion of a DPT program, the National Physical Therapy Exam (NPTE) must be passed with a minimum score of 600 in order to practice as a physical therapist. This study analyzes the relationship between GRE and graduate grade point average (GGPA) and NPTE scores to explore the ability of GRE and GGPA scores to predict NPTE success. Similar studies have been done in the past, but the results vary between studies. GRE, GGPA, and NPTE records were gathered ...


Clinical Simulation Laboratories: Bridging The Gap Between Academia And The Private Care Hospital Setting., Caitlin Carney 2012 East Tennessee State University

Clinical Simulation Laboratories: Bridging The Gap Between Academia And The Private Care Hospital Setting., Caitlin Carney

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Many academic medical programs present students with the chance to experience scenario based learning. This is often achieved through the use of clinical simulation laboratories which utilize computer-based scenarios that realistically imitate the human body and how it responds to various situations. This interactive style of learning has proven to be successful at integrating theories taught in textbooks and practice gained through clinical experience without posing any harm to human patients. Literature has shown documentation of the effectiveness of using clinical simulation laboratories in both the academic and clinical setting; however, some clinical facilities have been slow to adapt the ...


Random Inter Stimulus Interval Increases Signal-To-Noise Ratio., Juliane Armstrong 2012 East Tennessee State University

Random Inter Stimulus Interval Increases Signal-To-Noise Ratio., Juliane Armstrong

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Incremental improvements are continuously being made to P300-Speller BCI paradigms. Accurate classification depends on a high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) between the target and nontarget items. Fixed presentation rates produce a large flash-evoked response that persists throughout the recording epoch, which can potentially undermine the classification of P300-responses. By introducing a random interstimulus interval (ISI) to a previously improved P300-Speller paradigm (i.e., Checkerboard Paradigm; CBP) we expect to reduce the deleterious flash-evoked responses and increase the P300 classification SNR. Data were recorded from 32 EEG locations (right mastoid referenced) from 13 subjects using the CBP with two conditions. In the ...


Selectivity Of The Ubiquitin-Binding Modules, Simin Rahighi, Ivan Dikic 2012 Chapman University

Selectivity Of The Ubiquitin-Binding Modules, Simin Rahighi, Ivan Dikic

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Ubiquitin-binding modules are constituents of cellular proteins that mediate the effects of ubiquitylation by making transient, non-covalent interactions with ubiquitin molecules. While some ubiquitin- binding modules bind single ubiquitin moieties, others are selective for specific ubiquitin chains of different linkage types and lengths. In recent years, functions of ubiquitin chains that are polymerized through their Lys or N-terminal Met (i.e. linear chains) residues have been linked to a variety of cellular processes. Selectivity of ubiquitin-binding modules for different ubiquitin chain types appears as a key to the distinct regulatory consequences during protein quality control pathways, receptor endocytosis, gene transcription ...


The Effect Of Different Set-Repetition Protocols On Squat Technique In Resistance Trained Individuals, Ashley Pandit 2012 University of Connecticut - Storrs

The Effect Of Different Set-Repetition Protocols On Squat Technique In Resistance Trained Individuals, Ashley Pandit

Master's Theses

The effect of different set-repetition protocols on squat technique in resistance trained individuals.

Pandit, AL, Kraemer, WJ, Hooper, DR.

Purpose: The purpose of this investigation is to determine whether or not the increase in repetitions within a set will change the technique of the exercise, and how repetition number in a set affects exercise technique in resistance trained individuals in three different set-repetition protocols equated by total volume.

Methods: 10 men (24.3 ± 2.8 yrs; 179.7 ± 5.7 cm; 85.5 ± 12.5 kg) and 10 women (23.9 ± 2.4 yrs; 166.2 ± 9.1 cm; 66 ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress