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Summer 2010 Research Symposium Abstract Book, Trinity College 2010 Trinity College

Summer 2010 Research Symposium Abstract Book, Trinity College

Science Symposia Abstracts

Summer 2010 volume of abstracts for science research projects conducted by Trinity College students.


Reaching Out To A Global Community, Loma Linda University 2010 Loma Linda University

Reaching Out To A Global Community, Loma Linda University

Scope

In this issue . . .

2 | Out of the rubble
Loma Linda University works to strengthen Hopital Adventiste d’Haiti

6 | Afghanistan and Loma Linda University
An enduring relationship that spans nearly 50 years

10 | Journey back to health
A physician travels from Germany to Loma Linda for proton therapy

14 | Serving on the home front
Two student outreach programs impact Inland Empire communities

18 | Deferred mission appointment program
Steering young physicians and their families toward mission service

22 | A passion for service
LLU affiliate SACHS–Norton celebrates its 15-year anniversary

26 | Newscope


Mobile Librarian Service To The Wayne State University College Of Nursing, Nancy A. Wilmes 2010 Wayne State University

Mobile Librarian Service To The Wayne State University College Of Nursing, Nancy A. Wilmes

Library Scholarly Publications

In recent years, College of Nursing faculty and students have visited the Science and Engineering Library (which houses the Nursing Collection) less frequently to obtain reference assistance and research support. Nursing faculty and students are using online resources for their research, but these patrons still need to be able to ask questions and obtain clarification about: database search strategies, electronic journal access and full-text document delivery. To address these important resource and service issues, the Nursing Librarian Liaison has been offering reference service and research support in person, on-site in the Wayne State University College of Nursing office building. This ...


Com Outlook Summer 2010, College of Osteopathic Medicine 2010 Nova Southeastern University

Com Outlook Summer 2010, College Of Osteopathic Medicine

COM Outlook

No abstract provided.


Toxicity Of Flow Line, Durafill Vs, And Dycal To Dental Pulp Cells: Effects Of Growth Factors, Alyssa Furey, Julie Hjelmhaug, Doug Lobner 2010 Marquette University

Toxicity Of Flow Line, Durafill Vs, And Dycal To Dental Pulp Cells: Effects Of Growth Factors, Alyssa Furey, Julie Hjelmhaug, Doug Lobner

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

Introduction

The objective was to determine the effects of growth factor treatment on dental pulp cell sensitivity to toxicity of 2 composite restoration materials, Flow Line and Durafill VS, and a calcium hydroxide pulp capping material, Dycal.

Methods

Toxicity of the dental materials to cultures of primary dental pulp cells was determined by the MTT metabolism assay. The ability of 6 different growth factors to influence the toxicity was tested.

Results

A 24-hour exposure to either Flow Line or Durafill VS caused approximately 40% cell death, whereas Dycal exposure caused approximately 80% cell death. The toxicity of Flow Line and ...


Synaptotoxicity Of Alzheimer Beta Amyloid Can Be Explained By Its Membrane Perforating Property, Fernando Sepulveda, Jorge Parodi, Robert W. Peoples, Carlos Opazo, Luis G. Aguayo 2010 University of Concepción

Synaptotoxicity Of Alzheimer Beta Amyloid Can Be Explained By Its Membrane Perforating Property, Fernando Sepulveda, Jorge Parodi, Robert W. Peoples, Carlos Opazo, Luis G. Aguayo

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

The mechanisms that induce Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are largely unknown thereby deterring the development of disease-modifying therapies. One working hypothesis of AD is that Aβ excess disrupts membranes causing pore formation leading to alterations in ionic homeostasis. However, it is largely unknown if this also occurs in native brain neuronal membranes. Here we show that similar to other pore forming toxins, Aβ induces perforation of neuronal membranes causing an increase in membrane conductance, intracellular calcium and ethidium bromide influx. These data reveal that the target of Aβ is not another membrane protein, but that Aβ itself is the cellular ...


Involvement Of Noradrenergic Neurotransmission In The Stress- But Not Cocaine-Induced Reinstatement Of Extinguished Cocaine-Induced Conditioned Place Preference In Mice: Role For Β-2 Adrenergic Receptors, John R. Mantsch, Andy Meyer, Oliver Vranjkovic, Chad E. Beyer, David A. Baker, Holly Caretta 2010 Marquette University

Involvement Of Noradrenergic Neurotransmission In The Stress- But Not Cocaine-Induced Reinstatement Of Extinguished Cocaine-Induced Conditioned Place Preference In Mice: Role For Β-2 Adrenergic Receptors, John R. Mantsch, Andy Meyer, Oliver Vranjkovic, Chad E. Beyer, David A. Baker, Holly Caretta

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

The responsiveness of central noradrenergic systems to stressors and cocaine poses norepinephrine as a potential common mechanism through which drug re-exposure and stressful stimuli promote relapse. This study investigated the role of noradrenergic systems in the reinstatement of extinguished cocaine-induced conditioned place preference by cocaine and stress in male C57BL/6 mice. Cocaine- (15 mg/kg, i.p.) induced conditioned place preference was extinguished by repeated exposure to the apparatus in the absence of drug and reestablished by a cocaine challenge (15 mg/kg), exposure to a stressor (6-min forced swim (FS); 20–25°C water), or administration of the ...


Listening Sessions With Latinas: Documenting Life Contexts And Creating Connections, Ruth Belknap, Leona VandeVusse 2010 Marquette University

Listening Sessions With Latinas: Documenting Life Contexts And Creating Connections, Ruth Belknap, Leona Vandevusse

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

Objective: To use listening sessions with groups of Latinas to develop a contextual understanding of the lives of immigrant women to inform program development and ultimately better serve the community's needs for domestic violence services.

Design and Sample: This study was exploratory and descriptive, mixing qualitative listening sessions with quantitative methods. Seven listening group sessions were facilitated with 63 women participating.

Measures: Data included information from a short demographic questionnaire, texts of narrative from the sessions, and tallies of thematic comments made during the listening sessions.

Results: Themes derived from aggregated data from the listening sessions included women's ...


Cultural Comparison Of Chronic Conditions, Functional Status, And Acceptance In Older African-American And White Adults, Patricia McDonald, Jaclene Zauszniewski, Abir K. Bekhet 2010 Case Western Reserve University

Cultural Comparison Of Chronic Conditions, Functional Status, And Acceptance In Older African-American And White Adults, Patricia Mcdonald, Jaclene Zauszniewski, Abir K. Bekhet

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

Acceptance of functional decline accompanying chronic illness is challenging for all elders, and even more so for African-American elders. This study examined functional status and the number, types, and acceptance of chronic conditions in 16 African-American and 46 White elders. African-American elders reported better functioning but resembled Whites in number of chronic conditions and acceptance. All African-Americans reported hypertension; 76% of Whites reported arthritis. Greater acceptance was correlated with fewer chronic conditions (r = -.23, p < .05) and better functioning (r = -.59, p < .01). Poorer functioning (i.e., functional disability) was correlated with more chronic conditions (r = .27, p < .05). Culturally sensitive interventions are needed to enhance elders' acceptance of chronic conditions and to improve their functioning.


A New Multilayer Composite With Functionally Graded Design For Endodontic Application., Ahmed A. Madfa 2010 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Thamar, Thamar, Yemen

A New Multilayer Composite With Functionally Graded Design For Endodontic Application., Ahmed A. Madfa

Ahmed A. Madfa

Multilayer composite with FG structure were fabricated using zirconia (ZrO), alumina (AI2O3), Hydroxyapatite (HA) and titanium (Ti) micropowders. Powder selection and their combination in each layer were according to the results of finite element analysis.


Qualidade De Vida De Estudantes De Enfermagem De Uma Faculdade Privada / Quality Of Life Of Undergraduate Nursing Students From A Private University, Everton Fernando Alves 2010 Universidade Estadual de Maringá

Qualidade De Vida De Estudantes De Enfermagem De Uma Faculdade Privada / Quality Of Life Of Undergraduate Nursing Students From A Private University, Everton Fernando Alves

Everton Fernando Alves

O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a qualidade de vida dos estudantes no curso de Enfermagem de uma faculdade privada. Realizou-se um estudo descritivo, com abordagem quantitativa, utilizando a Escala de Qualidade de Vida de Flanagan e um instrumento de coleta de dados complementares, contendo questões estruturadas. Resultou numa amostra de 192 (cento e noventa e dois) estudantes. O diagnóstico evidenciou que a maioria dos estudantes está „Satisfeitos‟ e „Pouco satisfeitos‟ com a sua qualidade de vida, entretanto identificou a presença de vários problemas que necessitam de atenção dos educadores. Concluiu-se que se faz necessária a formação de um ...


Perfil Dos Atendimentos Ambulatoriais Realizados Em Uma Clínica De Cirurgia Plástica No Sul Do Brasil / Outpatient Service Profile In A Plastic Surgery Clinic In Southern Brazil, Everton Fernando Alves 2010 Universidade Estadual de Maringá

Perfil Dos Atendimentos Ambulatoriais Realizados Em Uma Clínica De Cirurgia Plástica No Sul Do Brasil / Outpatient Service Profile In A Plastic Surgery Clinic In Southern Brazil, Everton Fernando Alves

Everton Fernando Alves

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil dos atendimentos ambulatoriais realizados em uma clínica de cirurgia plástica no sul do Brasil. Materiais e Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo descritivo, exploratório e de caráter quantitativo com o intuito de analisar a totalidade de atendimentos ambulatoriais (consultas e cirurgias) realizadas em uma clínica privada de cirurgia plástica no período de 01 de janeiro a 31 de dezembro de 2010. Resultados: Observou-se que, das 671 (60,5%) consultas novas, apenas 205 (18,5%) cirurgias foram realizadas. Março foi o mês com mais consultas (10%) e cirurgias (11,7%). Do total de consultas novas, as reparadoras foram ...


A Comparison Of Rank Ordered Professional Attributes By Clinical Supervisors And Allied Health Students, Julie Freeman, Janet L. Rogers 2010 Southern Illinois University

A Comparison Of Rank Ordered Professional Attributes By Clinical Supervisors And Allied Health Students, Julie Freeman, Janet L. Rogers

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

The concept of professionalism in the field of allied health has been defined to delineate professional behaviors and values. The term "professional attributes" describes a set of behaviors believed to encompass professionalism. Clinical performance instruments attempt to evaluate professional behavior of allied health students. However, deficiencies in professionalism are difficult to identify and quantify making the problem troublesome to address. The purpose of this study was to identify differences in perceptions between clinical supervisors and allied health students as they relate to the rank order of importance of “professional attributes” required for effective clinical practice. The results of a “professional ...


Brief Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions For Migraine In The Emergency Room: A Case Study, Rivka Berger, Orly Sarid 2010 Soroka Medical Center

Brief Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions For Migraine In The Emergency Room: A Case Study, Rivka Berger, Orly Sarid

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Brief cognitive-behavioral intervention (CBI) was conducted in the emergency room (ER). The current literature on biomedical and psychological risk factors of migraine is reviewed briefly including studies demonstrating the effectiveness of CBI with such patients. The case study portrays CBI that assists a patient suffering from severe migraine attack. We cautiously proposed that CBI can provide patients with a sense of control and may offer empowerment for the personnel in the ER. An integrative approach to health care is suggested when assessing patients with migraine.


Obesity And Shift Work In The General Population, Robin Eberly, Harvey Feldman 2010 Nova Southeastern University

Obesity And Shift Work In The General Population, Robin Eberly, Harvey Feldman

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: This narrative review examines the hypothesis that shift work contributes to the major public health problem of obesity and suggests ways in which weight gain might be prevented in those who must work at times outside of the conventional 8-hour daytime work period. Methods: A comprehensive literature review was performed using several relevant electronic databases and print journals. Results: Those who do shift work are at a greater risk for weight gain than those who work daytime hours. The exact mechanism by which this occurs is unknown, although eating and exercise habits as well as the disruption in circadian ...


Range Of Active Hip Motion In Low Back Pain Patients And Apparently Healthy Controls, Babatunde O. A. Adegoke, O. A. Fapojuwo 2010 University of Ibadan

Range Of Active Hip Motion In Low Back Pain Patients And Apparently Healthy Controls, Babatunde O. A. Adegoke, O. A. Fapojuwo

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Findings from previous studies on hip mobility in individuals with low back pain (LBP) have been equivocal and focused almost exclusively on hip rotation. This study compared active range of hip motion and classified its asymmetry in male subjects with and without LBP. Method: The ex-post facto study involved 30 male patients with LBP and 30 age and sex-matched controls. Active ranges of motion (AROM) of both hip joints of subjects in both groups were measured with a universal goniometer and grouped into different pattern categories based on the presence or absence of a difference of 10° or more ...


White Matter Diffusion Alterations In Normal Women At Risk Of Alzheimer's Disease, Charles D. Smith, Himachandra Chebrolu, Anders H. Andersen, David A. Powell, Mark A. Lovell, Shuling Xiong, Brian T. Gold 2010 University of Kentucky

White Matter Diffusion Alterations In Normal Women At Risk Of Alzheimer's Disease, Charles D. Smith, Himachandra Chebrolu, Anders H. Andersen, David A. Powell, Mark A. Lovell, Shuling Xiong, Brian T. Gold

Neurology Faculty Publications

Increased white matter mean diffusivity and decreased fractional anisotropy (FA) has been observed in subjects diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We sought to determine whether similar alterations of white matter occur in normal individuals at risk of AD. Diffusion tensor images were acquired in 42 cognitively normal right-handed women with both a family history of dementia and at least one apolipoprotein E4 allele. These were compared with images from 23 normal women without either AD risk factor. Group analyses were performed using tract-based spatial statistics. Reduced FA was observed in the fronto-occipital and inferior ...


Building Pedagogical Intelligence In Allied Health: A Primer, Lori Dewald 2010 Kaplan University

Building Pedagogical Intelligence In Allied Health: A Primer, Lori Dewald

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Allied health education has changed dramatically over the last ten years with many new educational program faculty drawn to the academy. This recent academic evolution is driving the need for allied health educators to become well versed in content-specific applied pedagogy. This article will briefly explore contemporary teaching techniques relevant to today’s allied health educators and it is hoped that they will further explore these pedagogical concepts in their own classrooms and through applicable research.


Organ Transplants: Ethical, Social, And Religious Issues In A Multicultural Society, Noorzurani Robson Associate Prof. Dr., A. H. Razack, N. Dublin 2010 Department of Primary Care Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala

Organ Transplants: Ethical, Social, And Religious Issues In A Multicultural Society, Noorzurani Robson Associate Prof. Dr., A. H. Razack, N. Dublin

Associate Prof. Dr. Noorzurani Robson

Recent advances in the fields of organ donation and organ transplant have introduced new hope for the treatment of serious diseases. However, this promise has been accompanied by several issues. The most common issue raised is ethical implications, but in a multicultural society like Malaysia, additional concerns arise pertaining to social and religious issues. These concerns needs to be addressed as attitudes toward and acceptability of organ donation varies according to social, culture, and religion. The diverse cultural, religious, and traditional concepts pertaining to organ donation may hamper its acceptability and cause a lack of willingness to donate organs. The ...


Validation Of A Stroke Symptom Questionnaire For Epidemiological Surveys., Paulo A. Lotufo 2010 Universidade de São Paulo

Validation Of A Stroke Symptom Questionnaire For Epidemiological Surveys., Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE:Stroke is a relevant issue within public health and requires epidemiological surveillance tools. The aim here was to validate a questionnaire for evaluating individuals with stroke symptoms in the Stroke Morbidity and Mortality Study (Estudo de Mortalidade e Morbidade do Acidente Vascular Cerebral, EMMA), São Paulo, Brazil.DESIGN AND SETTING:This was a cross-sectional study performed among a sample of the inhabitants of Butantã, an area in the western zone of the city of São Paulo.METHODS:For all households in the coverage area of a primary healthcare unit, household members over the age of 35 years ...


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