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The Use Of Occupation-Based Interventions In Long-Term Care : A Qualitative Study, Amy Jo. Jensen, Mallory Carlson 2012 University of North Dakota

The Use Of Occupation-Based Interventions In Long-Term Care : A Qualitative Study, Amy Jo. Jensen, Mallory Carlson

Occupational Therapy Capstones

Purpose: To explore occupational therapists' use of occupation- based interventions in long-term care facilities.

Methodology: A literature review was completed on the use and effect occupation-based intervention has within a long-term care practice setting. Based upon the findings of this literature review, a qualitative research study was conducted using a grounded theory approach adopted from Strauss and Corbin (1998). Six occupational therapists working in long-term care facilities in Minnesota were recruited through purposive sampling using convenience and snowballing techniques. Each participant was interviewed once using a semi-structured interview. Data from the interviews was then coded and grouped into categories. Themes ...


The Cumulative Impact Of Unemployment On Risks Of Acute Myocardial Infarction, Guangya Liu, Matthew E. Dupree, Linda K. George, Eric D. Peterson 2012 Duke Law School

The Cumulative Impact Of Unemployment On Risks Of Acute Myocardial Infarction, Guangya Liu, Matthew E. Dupree, Linda K. George, Eric D. Peterson

Faculty Scholarship

Background: Employment instability is a major source of strain affecting an increasing number of adults in the United States. Little is known about the cumulative effect of multiple job losses and unemployment on the risks for acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

Methods: We investigated the associations between different dimensions of unemployment and the risks for AMI in US adults in a prospective cohort study of adults (N=13 451) aged 51 to 75 years in the Health and Retirement Study with biennial follow-up interviews from 1992 to 2010. Unadjusted rates of age-specific AMI were used to demonstrate observed differences by employment ...


The Dermatan Sulfate Proteoglycan Decorin Modulates Α2Β1 Integrin And The Vimentin Intermediate Filament System During Collagen Synthesis., Oliver Jungmann, Katerina Nikolovska, Christian Stock, Jan-Niklas Schulz, Beate Eckes, Christoph Riethmüller, Rick T Owens, Renato V Iozzo, Daniela G Seidler 2012 University Hospital Münster

The Dermatan Sulfate Proteoglycan Decorin Modulates Α2Β1 Integrin And The Vimentin Intermediate Filament System During Collagen Synthesis., Oliver Jungmann, Katerina Nikolovska, Christian Stock, Jan-Niklas Schulz, Beate Eckes, Christoph Riethmüller, Rick T Owens, Renato V Iozzo, Daniela G Seidler

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Decorin, a small leucine-rich proteoglycan harboring a dermatan sulfate chain at its N-terminus, is involved in regulating matrix organization and cell signaling. Loss of the dermatan sulfate of decorin leads to an Ehlers-Danlos syndrome characterized by delayed wound healing. Decorin-null (Dcn(-/-)) mice display a phenotype similar to that of EDS patients. The fibrillar collagen phenotype of Dcn(-/-) mice could be rescued in vitro by decorin but not with decorin lacking the glycosaminoglycan chain. We utilized a 3D cell culture model to investigate the impact of the altered extracellular matrix on Dcn(-/-) fibroblasts. Using 2D gel electrophoresis followed by mass spectrometry ...


Mir-145 Directly Targets P70s6k1 In Cancer Cells To Inhibit Tumor Growth And Angiogenesis., Qing Xu, Ling-Zhi Liu, Xu Qian, Qi Chen, Yue Jiang, Dan Li, Lihui Lai, Bing-Hua Jiang 2012 State Key lab of Reproductive Medicine, and Department of Pathology, Cancer Center, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China

Mir-145 Directly Targets P70s6k1 In Cancer Cells To Inhibit Tumor Growth And Angiogenesis., Qing Xu, Ling-Zhi Liu, Xu Qian, Qi Chen, Yue Jiang, Dan Li, Lihui Lai, Bing-Hua Jiang

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

MiR-145 can regulate cell apoptosis, proliferation, neural development and stem cell differentiation. Previous studies indicate that miR-145 is downregulated in human colon cancer cells. However, the molecular mechanisms of miR-145 used to regulate colon carcinogenesis and angiogenesis remain to be clarified. Here, we show that the expression of miR-145 is downregulated in colon and ovarian cancer tissues and cell lines. MiR-145 inhibits p70S6K1 post-transcriptional expression by binding to its 3'-UTR. The angiogenic factors hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which are downstream molecules of p70S6K1, are decreased by miR-145 overexpression. P70S6K1 rescues miR-145-suppressed HIF-1 and ...


Conscientiousness As A Moderator Of The Relationship Between Work Autonomy And Job Satisfaction, Kyle Garret Mack 2012 Portland State University

Conscientiousness As A Moderator Of The Relationship Between Work Autonomy And Job Satisfaction, Kyle Garret Mack

Dissertations and Theses

Autonomy is one of the most commonly studied job characteristics in the work design literature and is commonly associated with large and positive effects on job satisfaction. There is reason to believe that autonomy may interact with personality characteristics to affect attitudinal outcomes, but prior research has tended to focus on the original growth-need-strength construct as a potential moderator with mixed results. One glaring gap in the literature is the lack of research that examines the Big Five constructs of personality as a potential class of moderators. Grant, Fried, and Juillerat (2010) have suggested additional research into the Big Five ...


Impacts Of Economic And Psychological Factors On Women’S Obesity And Food Assistance Program Participation: Evidence From The Nlsy Panel, Ying Huang, Wallace Huffman, Abebayehu Tegene 2012 Iowa State University

Impacts Of Economic And Psychological Factors On Women’S Obesity And Food Assistance Program Participation: Evidence From The Nlsy Panel, Ying Huang, Wallace Huffman, Abebayehu Tegene

Economics Publications

Over the past thirty-five years, the U.S. adult obesity rate has more than doubled from roughly 15% to 35%, reflecting a general diffusion of obesity across all segments of the adult population (USDHHS). Obesity is a concern because it increases the risk for cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and most forms of cancer, except for lung. Earlier studies of obesity of U.S. adults have largely focused on data in a single cross-section or one round of a panel survey. Chen and Huffman (2010) show that food and drink prices significantly affect U.S. women’s probability of being obese but ...


Nine Months, Esther Lim 2012 Portland State University

Nine Months, Esther Lim

Dissertations and Theses

This is a collection of short stories that traces a chronological movement through one family's experience of the mother's illness. Each piece in the collection is meant to be an independent, free-standing short story. Each story is different, told from distinctive points-of-view, angles, and voices. However, every story covers a span of time within the nine months of the family's experience, in the presented order, as part of a collective movement toward the core. All together, the pieces hope to reflect a mosaic of sorts--one that tells a story that cannot otherwise be told.


Relative Heart Ventricle Mass And Cardiac Performance In Amphibians, Gregory Joseph Kluthe 2012 Portland State University

Relative Heart Ventricle Mass And Cardiac Performance In Amphibians, Gregory Joseph Kluthe

Dissertations and Theses

This study used an in situ heart preparation to analyze the power and work of spontaneously beating hearts of four anurans (R. marina, L. catesbeianus, X. laevis, P. edulis) and three urodeles (N. maculosus, A. tigrinum, A. tridactylum) in order to elucidate the meaning of relative ventricle mass (RVM) in terms of specific cardiac performance variables. This study also tests two hypotheses: 1) the ventricles of terrestrial species (R. marina, P. edulis, A. tigrinum) of amphibians are capable of greater maximum power outputs (Pmax) compared to aquatic species (X. laevis, A. tridactylum, N. maculosus, L. catesbeianus) and, 2) the ...


Gendering Gardasil: Framing Gender And Sexuality In Media Representations Of The Hpv Vaccine, Maura Kathleen Pisciotta 2012 Portland State University

Gendering Gardasil: Framing Gender And Sexuality In Media Representations Of The Hpv Vaccine, Maura Kathleen Pisciotta

Dissertations and Theses

In an age of biomedicine, technologies, drugs, and treatments are expanding in new and diverse ways. Especially relevant to biomedicalization and this research is how such information is conveyed to the public through the media. Medical information is omnipresent in the media through direct-to-consumer (DTC) advertising and regular coverage of health topics in the news. The accessibility and proliferation of medical information provides an important opportunity to examine the ways in which these topics are framed in the media. This research specifically examines the framing of the HPV vaccine, Gardasil in the mass media. In this study, I explore how ...


Euthanasia, The Ethics Of Patient Care And The Language Of Propaganda, Elizabeth Maria Krapf 2012 Portland State University

Euthanasia, The Ethics Of Patient Care And The Language Of Propaganda, Elizabeth Maria Krapf

Dissertations and Theses

This thesis is an examination of euthanasia, eugenics, the ethic of patient care, and linguistic propaganda in the Second World War. The examination of euthanasia discusses not only the history and involvement of the facility at Hadamar in Germany, but also discuss the current euthanasia debate. Euthanasia in World War II arose out of the Nazi desire to cleanse the Reich and was greatly influenced by the American eugenics movement of the early 20th century. Eugenics was built up to include anyone considered undesirable and unworthy of life and killed many thousands of people before the invasion of allied troops ...


Heart Rate And Accelerometry During Singles Footbag Net Play, Christopher Michael Siebert 2012 Portland State University

Heart Rate And Accelerometry During Singles Footbag Net Play, Christopher Michael Siebert

Dissertations and Theses

This investigation examined the heart rate responses and movement characteristics of experienced footbag net players during singles play. Footbag net is a net/court sport similar to volleyball, but it is played with a footbag (e.g., Hacky-SackTM) using only the feet. In singles footbag net, players are allowed either one or two kicks to propel the footbag over the net. Subjects were 15 males and 1 female, ranging in age from 18- 60 years, with a mean age of 33.6 years. Subjects played two games of singles footbag net using two different scoring systems: "sideout" scoring and ...


Exploring Support Network Structure, Content, And Stability As Youth Transition From Foster Care, Jennifer E. Blakeslee 2012 Portland State University

Exploring Support Network Structure, Content, And Stability As Youth Transition From Foster Care, Jennifer E. Blakeslee

Dissertations and Theses

Many older youth in foster care lack adequate resources and ongoing support in their social networks as they transition into young adulthood, while other youth in these circumstances experience stable social networks providing comprehensive support. Systematically measuring the supportive personal and service-oriented relationships in youth networks expands the scope of inquiry in this area by identifying patterns of social network structure, member composition, and relational qualities that are associated with more or less support provision through formal and informal relationships. These can also be measured over time to observe changes in network form and content and assess network stability. This ...


Risk Factors For Homelessness Among Community Mental Health Patients With Severe Mental Illness, Rupert Talmage van Wormer 2012 Portland State University

Risk Factors For Homelessness Among Community Mental Health Patients With Severe Mental Illness, Rupert Talmage Van Wormer

Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors associated with homelessness, assess the relationship between housing status and consumption of costly publicly funded resources, to identify characteristics associated with service retention, and to evaluate whether length of treatment is associated with better outcomes. The target population was homeless and formerly homeless adults with SMI enrolled in community mental health services at the Downtown Emergency Service Center SAGE mental health program located in Seattle. The sample consisted of 380 SAGE patients who had continuous enrollment in 2005. These patients formed the cohort for the study. Agency records for these ...


Stress Reactions Of Division-I Track Athletes, Laura Elizabeth Skarda 2012 Portland State University

Stress Reactions Of Division-I Track Athletes, Laura Elizabeth Skarda

Dissertations and Theses

Problem: Track and field athletes, along with cross-country athletes have multiple and back to back seasons, creating overuse injuries. Stress fractures or stress reactions to the bone are the overuse injuries focused on in this study and literature review. There is a lack of information in the literature regarding stress reactions. Purpose: The goal of the study is to understand more information about stress reactions to bone and possibly increase the knowledge of health care professionals. Methods: Three case studies were examined through pre-existing medical chart notes and athletic trainer's notes regarding the stress reactions. A literature review was ...


Designing New Drugs To Treat Cardiac Arrhythmia, Yanping Ye 2012 Portland State University

Designing New Drugs To Treat Cardiac Arrhythmia, Yanping Ye

Dissertations and Theses

Heart failure resulting from different forms of cardiomyopathy is defined as the inability of the heart to pump sufficient blood to meet the body's metabolic demands. It is a major disease burden worldwide and the statistics show that 50% of the people who have the heart failure will eventually die from sudden cardiac death (SCD) associated with an arrhythmia. The central cause of disability and SCD is because of ventricular arrhythmias. Genetic mutations and acquired modifications to RyR2, the calcium release channel from sarcoplasmic reticulum, can increase the pathologic SR Ca2+ leak during diastole, which leads to defects in ...


Short-Term Plasticity At The Schaffer Collateral: A New Model With Implications For Hippocampal Processing, Andrew Hamilton Toland 2012 Portland State University

Short-Term Plasticity At The Schaffer Collateral: A New Model With Implications For Hippocampal Processing, Andrew Hamilton Toland

Dissertations and Theses

A new mathematical model of short-term synaptic plasticity (STP) at the Schaffer collateral is introduced. Like other models of STP, the new model relates short-term synaptic plasticity to an interaction between facilitative and depressive dynamic influences. Unlike previous models, the new model successfully simulates facilitative and depressive dynamics within the framework of the synaptic vesicle cycle. The novelty of the model lies in the description of a competitive interaction between calcium-sensitive proteins for binding sites on the vesicle release machinery. By attributing specific molecular causes to observable presynaptic effects, the new model of STP can predict the effects of specific ...


Assessing Productivity And Impact Using Publication Data, Cathy C. Sarli 2012 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Assessing Productivity And Impact Using Publication Data, Cathy C. Sarli

Becker Library Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Integrating The Medical Library Into Hospital Emergency Planning (Ep), Lauren Yaeger, Betsy Kelly 2012 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Integrating The Medical Library Into Hospital Emergency Planning (Ep), Lauren Yaeger, Betsy Kelly

Becker Library Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


An Interdisciplinary Ethics And Health Disparities Journal Club For Responsible Conduct Of Research Training, William Olmstadt, Douglas Brown, Linda Ball, Michael Montana, Luther S. Williams, Monique Williams 2012 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

An Interdisciplinary Ethics And Health Disparities Journal Club For Responsible Conduct Of Research Training, William Olmstadt, Douglas Brown, Linda Ball, Michael Montana, Luther S. Williams, Monique Williams

Becker Library Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Mobile School Health Information Initiative (Moshi), Will Olmstadt, Judy Hansen, Robert J. Engeszer 2012 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Mobile School Health Information Initiative (Moshi), Will Olmstadt, Judy Hansen, Robert J. Engeszer

Becker Library Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


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