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Cough Suppressants And Sedation Of The Cardiac Patient, Rebecca Gompf 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Cough Suppressants And Sedation Of The Cardiac Patient, Rebecca Gompf

Rebecca Elaine Gompf DVM

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Pretreatment With Dexamethasone Or Levothyroxine Sodium On Endotoxin-Induced Alterations In Glucose And Insulin Dynamics In Horses, Ferenc Toth, R Geor, R Boston, Nicholas Frank 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Effects Of Pretreatment With Dexamethasone Or Levothyroxine Sodium On Endotoxin-Induced Alterations In Glucose And Insulin Dynamics In Horses, Ferenc Toth, R Geor, R Boston, Nicholas Frank

Ferenc Toth

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of dexamethasone or levothyroxine sodium on endotoxin-induced alterations in glucose and insulin dynamics. ANIMALS: 24 horses. PROCEDURES: Horses were randomly allocated to 3 treatment groups and received 48 mg of levothyroxine mixed with 200 g of oats, 20 mg of dexamethasone plus oats, or oats alone (control) for 15 days, followed by IV infusion of lipopolysaccharide (20 ng/kg) while individually housed in stalls. Frequently sampled IV glucose tolerance tests were performed prior to pretreatment, after pretreatment, and 20 hours after lipopolysaccharide administration. Area under the curve for plasma glucose and serum insulin concentrations was ...


Health Perception, Physical Activity And Coping Strategies To Health Limitations Of Older Adults Volunteering For Habitat For Humanity, P. Srikan, B. Callen, J. Witucki-Brown, S. Chen, A. Brown, Linda Mefford 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Health Perception, Physical Activity And Coping Strategies To Health Limitations Of Older Adults Volunteering For Habitat For Humanity, P. Srikan, B. Callen, J. Witucki-Brown, S. Chen, A. Brown, Linda Mefford

Linda C. Mefford, PhD, RN, NNP-BC

The purpose of this descriptive qualitative secondary analysis study was to examine the health perceptions, physical activity capability, and coping strategies of older adults volunteering to build a house for Habitat for Humanity. Demographic and health data were collected and semi-structured interviews were conducted. Forty older adults, ages 57 to 88, were enrolled. The majority of these older volunteers had physical problems, but they perceived their health as being excellent or good, and remained physically active despite physical limitations. Coping strategies of older volunteers included limiting or changing types of activities. Physical activity assessment and promoting positive coping strategies for ...


Measuring The Hiv/Aids Epidemic: Approaches And Challenges, Ron Brookmeyer 2009 University of California, Los Angeles

Measuring The Hiv/Aids Epidemic: Approaches And Challenges, Ron Brookmeyer

Ron Brookmeyer

In this article, the author reviews current approaches and methods for measuring the scope of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic and their strengths and weaknesses. In recent years, various public health agencies have revised statistical estimates of the scope of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. The author considers the reasons underlying these revisions. New sources of data for estimating HIV prevalence have become available, such as nationally representative probability-based surveys. New technologies such as biomarkers that indicate when persons became infected are now used to determine HIV incidence rates. The author summarizes the main sources of ...


A Potential Proliferative Gene, Nudt6, Is Down-Regulated By Green Tea Catechins At The Posttranscriptional Level, Seung Baek, Mugdha Sukthankar, CK Choi, A English, JS Kim 2009 The University of Tennessee

A Potential Proliferative Gene, Nudt6, Is Down-Regulated By Green Tea Catechins At The Posttranscriptional Level, Seung Baek, Mugdha Sukthankar, Ck Choi, A English, Js Kim

Seung J Baek

The main aims of this study were to elucidate the effect of green tea catechins on Nudix-type motif 6 (NUDT6) suppression and to characterize NUDT6's biological activity. Our microarray data showed that the green tea component epicatechin-3-gallate suppressed NUDT6 expression, and this was confirmed by RT-PCR. Subsequently, the use of different catechins showed that the effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) was stronger than that of other catechins. At the posttranscriptional level, EGCG decreased the RNA stability of NUDT6, indicating it as a potential mechanism of NUDT6 suppression. Further cloning of the 3' untranslated region of human NUDT6 mRNA resulted in ...


Neuroimaging Study Designs, Computational Analyses And Data Provenance Using The Loni Pipeline, Ivo Dinov 2009 University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

Neuroimaging Study Designs, Computational Analyses And Data Provenance Using The Loni Pipeline, Ivo Dinov

Ivo D Dinov

Modern computational neuroscience employs diverse software tools and multidisciplinary expertise to analyze heterogeneous brain data. The classical problems of gathering meaningful data, fitting specific models, and discovering appropriate analysis and visualization tools give way to a new class of computational challenges—management of large and incongruous data, integration and interoperability of computational resources, and data provenance. We designed, implemented and validated a new paradigm for addressing these challenges in the neuroimaging field. Our solution is based on the LONI Pipeline environment [3], [4], a graphical workflow environment for constructing and executing complex data processing protocols. We developed study-design, database and ...


Varenicline – A New Pharmacotherapy For Smoking Cessation In Primary Care Practice, Noorzurani Robson 2009 Department of Primary Care Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala

Varenicline – A New Pharmacotherapy For Smoking Cessation In Primary Care Practice, Noorzurani Robson

Associate Prof. Dr. Noorzurani Robson

Background: Cigarette smoking causes significant morbidity and mortality and is a major public health concern worldwide. Primary care doctors are in a unique position that enables them to promote smoking cessation, as smokers are more aware of their health at the time of their clinic visit. It is thus important to offer effective treatment to help smokers stop smoking. Methods: A search of PubMed was done up to 16 December 2009, using the keywords “varenicline” alone, “varenicline” and “family medicine”, and “varenicline” and “primary care”. The search produced 426 articles on varenicline. The articles that were chosen were case reports ...


Lifting Without Seeing: The Role Of Vision In Perceiving And Acting Upon The Size‐Weight Illusion, Gavin Buckingham, Melvyn Goodale 2009 The University of Western Ontario

Lifting Without Seeing: The Role Of Vision In Perceiving And Acting Upon The Size‐Weight Illusion, Gavin Buckingham, Melvyn Goodale

Gavin Buckingham

Our expectations of an object’s heaviness not only drive our fingertip forces, but also our perception of heaviness. This effect is highlighted by the classic size-weight illusion (SWI), where different‐sized objects of identical mass feel different weights (Charpentier, 1891) long after any initial errors in the application of fingertip forces have been corrected (Flanagan & Beltzner, 2000).

Here, we examined whether our expectations about the weight of an upcoming lift are sufficient to induce the SWI in a single wooden cube when lifted without visual feedback, by varying the size of the object seen prior to the lift during ...


Hiv, Hepatitis, Tuberculosis, And Sexually Transmitted Diseases, P Hale 2009 James Madison University

Hiv, Hepatitis, Tuberculosis, And Sexually Transmitted Diseases, P Hale

Patty Hale

No abstract provided.


General Psychological Distress Symptoms And Help-Seeking Intentions In Young Australians, Coralie Wilson 2009 University of Wollongong

General Psychological Distress Symptoms And Help-Seeking Intentions In Young Australians, Coralie Wilson

Coralie J Wilson

Epidemiological studies suggest that young people might have a tendency to avoid help when they experience symptoms of psychological distress. There is growing evidence that many young people prefer no help from anyone for their mental health problems. The current study examined the association between symptoms of general psychological distress and intentions to seek help from friends, family and professional mental health sources in a sample of 109 trade (TAFE) students from regional and rural Australia. Participants were 67% male and aged from 15-25 years. Higher levels of general psychological distress symptoms were associated with stronger intentions to not seek ...


Shimadzu Equipment Grant For Research, Simone Charles 2009 Georgia Southern University

Shimadzu Equipment Grant For Research, Simone Charles

Simone M. Charles

No abstract provided.


Continuing Education Needs Of Nurses In A Voluntary Continuing Nursing Education State, Carole Myers, Maureen Nalle, Tami Wyatt 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Continuing Education Needs Of Nurses In A Voluntary Continuing Nursing Education State, Carole Myers, Maureen Nalle, Tami Wyatt

Carole R. Myers, PhD, RN Associate Professor

Background: Understanding the personal and professional motivations that shape learning needs is fundamental to high-quality continuing nursing education (CNE). This statewide survey assessed nurses’ CNE needs, learning priorities, perceived benefits and barriers, and motivation for voluntary CNE participation. Methods: An online needs assessment accessed through state professional organizations’ websites and various health care facilities was available to all registered nurses in the state. The needs assessment included demographic and professional characteristics and items related to CNE preferences and barriers. Results: Among 672 nurses, motivating factors for CNE participation varied and priority learning needs included leadership and management, evidence-based practice, and ...


A Public Health Perspective Of Women's Mental Health (Foreword By Rosalynn Carter), Bruce Levin 2009 University of South Florida

A Public Health Perspective Of Women's Mental Health (Foreword By Rosalynn Carter), Bruce Levin

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

A Public Health Perspective of Women’s Mental Health examines major issues in the organization, financing, and provision of women’s mental health services. It also presents an overview of the epidemiology of mental disorders across the lifespan of women, an in-depth discussion of selected mental and substance use disorders which particularly affect women, and include an examination of emerging issues in women’s mental health.


Citizens For An Unknown Future: Developing Generic Skills And Capabilities In The Gulf Context, Michelle McLean 2009 Bond University

Citizens For An Unknown Future: Developing Generic Skills And Capabilities In The Gulf Context, Michelle Mclean

Michelle McLean

Over the past 20 years or so, there has been a growing demand for Higher Education to more closely meet economic needs and employer requirements. HE in the UK and Australia, for example, has responded by identifying generic skills (UK) or generic graduate attributes (Australia) that are considered to improve students’ learning, develop their employability skills and prepare them for life-long learning. The Bologna agreement has also identified skills that graduates will require as future European Union citizens. These skills have also been called ‘key’, ‘core’ or ‘transferable’ skills and are “the skills, knowledge and abilities of university graduates, beyond ...


Instructional Design Portfolio: A Faculty Development Program For Nurse Educators Learning To Teach Online, Debra Lee, Trena Paulus, Iryna Loboda, Gina Phipps, Tami Wyatt, Carole Myers, Sandra Mixer 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Instructional Design Portfolio: A Faculty Development Program For Nurse Educators Learning To Teach Online, Debra Lee, Trena Paulus, Iryna Loboda, Gina Phipps, Tami Wyatt, Carole Myers, Sandra Mixer

Sandra J Mixer

As the College of Nursing at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville prepared to move their graduate programs online, a nursing faculty grass-roots movement led to the implementation of a faculty development program. This instructional design portfolio describes the design, development, implementation, and evaluation of this program, with the goal of identifying best practices in the design of programs for learning to teach online. These include understanding the importance of just-in-time learning, developing the ability to meet diverse needs, defining workshop expectations and workload requirements, increased integration of technology and pedagogy training, and the importance of modeling.


Adolescents' Suicidal Thinking And Reluctance To Consult General Medical Practitioners, Coralie Wilson 2009 University of Wollongong

Adolescents' Suicidal Thinking And Reluctance To Consult General Medical Practitioners, Coralie Wilson

Coralie J Wilson

Appropriate help-seeking is widely recognized as a protective factor, and vital for early treatment and prevention of mental health problems during adolescence. General medical practitioners (GPs), that is, family doctors, provide a vital role in the identification of adolescents with mental health problems and the provision of treatment as well as access to other specialists in mental health care services. The current study is part of a larger multi-cite study developed and led by the first author. It examines the association between suicidal ideation and intentions to seek help from a GP for suicidal thoughts, emotional problems and physical health ...


Ultrasonographic Observation Of Secretin-Induced Pancreatic Duct Dilation In Healthy Cats, Matthew Baron, Silke Hecht, Andrea Matthews, Jennifer Stokes 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Ultrasonographic Observation Of Secretin-Induced Pancreatic Duct Dilation In Healthy Cats, Matthew Baron, Silke Hecht, Andrea Matthews, Jennifer Stokes

Silke Hecht

Secretin is a polypeptide hormone that stimulates secretion of bicarbonate from the exocrine pancreas and, in healthy human subjects, causes transient pancreatic duct dilation observable sonographically. In humans with chronic pancreatitis, secretin administration fails to cause pancreatic duct dilation, theoretically due to the restrictive effects of periductal fibrosis. We characterized the effect of exogenous secretin administration on the width of the pancreatic duct in nine healthy domestic cats. Cats were given a commercially available secretin product (ChiRho Stim) while the pancreatic duct was monitored sonographically. Mean pancreatic duct diameter increased from 0.77 +/- 0.33 to 1.42 +/- 0.40 ...


Obstetrical Nursing Experience Simulation, Deborah Raines 2009 Florida Atlantic University

Obstetrical Nursing Experience Simulation, Deborah Raines

Deborah A. Raines

No abstract provided.


An Ad Hoc Inquiry Into The Feasibilities And Impracticalities Associated With Class Certification Of Blood Glucose Monitor Users, Margarita Rubin 2009 Touro Law School

An Ad Hoc Inquiry Into The Feasibilities And Impracticalities Associated With Class Certification Of Blood Glucose Monitor Users, Margarita Rubin

Margarita Rubin

ABSTRACT Recent developments in pre-emption law have outlined the requirements for bringing an action against a manufacturer of an FDA approved medical device. Specifically, devices that undergo the 510(k) approval process remain a viable target for state tort claims. In February, 2008 the Supreme Court handed down a crucial decision in Riegel v. Medtronic, Inc., involving medical devices regulated by the FDA. In Riegel, the Court reaffirmed the distinction between the exhaustive "federal requirements" of the PMA process and the looser scrutiny of 510(k) notification. This means that 510(k) devices—which vastly outnumber PMA devices—remain fully ...


Managing Sleep Disorders In The Elderly, J. Townsend-Rocchiccioli, Julie Sanford, E. VandeWaa 2009 James Madison University

Managing Sleep Disorders In The Elderly, J. Townsend-Rocchiccioli, Julie Sanford, E. Vandewaa

Julie Sanford

No abstract provided.


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