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Public Health Nursing Competency In A Rural/Frontier State, Jeri Bigbee, Nancy Otterness, Pam Gehrke 2011 Boise State University

Public Health Nursing Competency In A Rural/Frontier State, Jeri Bigbee, Nancy Otterness, Pam Gehrke

Jeri L. Bigbee

Objectives: To assess the self-reported levels of competency among public health nurses (PHNs) in Idaho. Design and Sample: A cross-sectional descriptive design was used. The sample consisted of 124 PHNs, including 30 in leadership roles, currently practicing in Idaho's official public health agencies. Measures: Structured interviews were conducted with participants who provided self-ratings in the 8 domains of public health competency as developed by the Council on Linkages Between Academia and Public Health Practice and the Quad Council of Public Health Nursing Organizations. Results: The findings indicated that the overall level of competency was most strongly associated with the ...


Keeping It In The Family: Idaho Grandparents Raising Grandchildren, Molly Prengaman, Jeri Bigbee, Harriet Shaklee, Barbie Vander Boegh 2011 Boise State University

Keeping It In The Family: Idaho Grandparents Raising Grandchildren, Molly Prengaman, Jeri Bigbee, Harriet Shaklee, Barbie Vander Boegh

Jeri L. Bigbee

Family crises which require out of home placement for children, are becoming increasingly common. Parent death, military deployment, incarceration, deportation, substance abuse, neglect, or physical abuse are situations that cause children to be taken out of their homes. When these circumstances occur, children may be placed in a formal foster care arrangement, or in the care of family members. Grandparents are the relatives most commonly caring for these children, with one in ten grandparents assuming care of their grandchildren for six months or longer at some time throughout their lives (Fuller-Thomson and Minkler, 2005). In Idaho, between 2000 and 2006 ...


Exposure To Bisphenol A In Canada: Invoking The Precautionary Principle, Laura Vandenberg 2011 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Exposure To Bisphenol A In Canada: Invoking The Precautionary Principle, Laura Vandenberg

Laura Vandenberg

No abstract provided.


Risk Factors Of Post Renal Transplant Anaemia Among Sudanese Patients, A Study In Three Renal Transplant Centres., Amin SI Banaga, Mohamed EA Yousif, Khalifa Elmusharaf 2011 University of Medical Sciences and Technology

Risk Factors Of Post Renal Transplant Anaemia Among Sudanese Patients, A Study In Three Renal Transplant Centres., Amin Si Banaga, Mohamed Ea Yousif, Khalifa Elmusharaf

Epidemiology and Public Health Medicine Articles

BACKGROUND: There is a relative lack of recent information about late post kidney transplantation anaemia (PTA), especially in the developing countries; data are scarce about the prevalence and risk factors of PTA. Sudan was a leading country in Africa and Arab world in kidney transplantation. The first kidney transplantation in Sudan was in 1973.

METHODS: This is a cross-sectional hospital analytic study enrolling all kidney transplanted recipients following in the transplant referral clinics at Ahmed Gassim, Selma and Ibn Sina Hospitals, Khartoum/Sudan, in the period from 1/8/2010 to 1/9/2010, clinical and laboratory data were obtained ...


Bending The Health Care Cost Curve In North Carolina: The Experience Of Community Health Centers, Patrick Richard, Peter Shin, Kristina Vasilkovska, Sara J. Rosenbaum 2011 George Washington University

Bending The Health Care Cost Curve In North Carolina: The Experience Of Community Health Centers, Patrick Richard, Peter Shin, Kristina Vasilkovska, Sara J. Rosenbaum

Geiger Gibson/RCHN Community Health Foundation Research Collaborative

North Carolina is known for innovative practices in primary care delivery and education, and accordingly one might expect to see greater efficiencies overall in care delivery, and less direct, measurable impact by community health centers on cost and outcome. Of interest is whether community health centers (CHCs) are cost effective providers in states with a sophisticated primary care infrastructure and focus on the needs of medically underserved communities. Building on the large body of health services research literature that has documented the quality and cost-effectiveness of federally-funded primary health centers nationwide, as well as estimates of national savings that are ...


A Pre And Post Exercise Comparison Of Three Assessment Tools Commonly Employed To Assess Vascular Function, Lorena Salom 2011 Virginia Commonwealth University

A Pre And Post Exercise Comparison Of Three Assessment Tools Commonly Employed To Assess Vascular Function, Lorena Salom

Theses and Dissertations

Background: Endothelial dysfunction (ED) is one of the earliest subclinical indicators of impaired cardiovascular health and several non-invasive tools have been developed to evaluate vascular function, including strain gauge plethysmography (SGP), brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) via ultrasound, and peripheral artery tonometry (PAT). While these tools have extensively been studied during a resting condition, the responses following acute exercise are not as well characterized. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the pre- and post-exercise vascular function values obtained with SGP, FMD, and PAT. Relationships among the primary outcome variables obtained with each assessment tool were also evaluated ...


International Evidence On Medical Spending Risk., Robert D. Lieberthal, PhD 2011 School of Population Health, Thomas Jefferson University

International Evidence On Medical Spending Risk., Robert D. Lieberthal, Phd

College of Population Health Lectures, Presentations, Workshops

Presented for the American Risk and Insurance Association. 2011 ARIA Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.

20 PowerPoint slides.

Presentation is associated with the paper: http://jdc.jefferson.edu/healthpolicyfaculty/45/


Colorectal Cancer (Crc) Vaccine Study: Aim 2 Internship Experience, Selasie Goka 2011 Thomas Jefferson University

Colorectal Cancer (Crc) Vaccine Study: Aim 2 Internship Experience, Selasie Goka

Summer Training Program in Cancer Immunotherapy

Activities:

1. Conducted literature review

2. CRC vaccine study booklet and survey

3. Recruitment survey questionnaire

4. Prepare web-based decision counseling program

38 PowerPoint Slides.


Tlr4 Mutation Reduces Microglial Activation, Increases Aβ Deposits And Exacerbates Cognitive Deficits In A Mouse Model Of Alzheimer's Disease, Min Song, Jingji Jin, Jinghong Kou, Abhinandan Pattanayak, Jamaal Rehman, Hong-Duck Kim, Ken-ichiro Fukuchi 2011 New York Medical College

Tlr4 Mutation Reduces Microglial Activation, Increases Aβ Deposits And Exacerbates Cognitive Deficits In A Mouse Model Of Alzheimer's Disease, Min Song, Jingji Jin, Jinghong Kou, Abhinandan Pattanayak, Jamaal Rehman, Hong-Duck Kim, Ken-Ichiro Fukuchi

NYMC Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Amyloid plaques, a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD), are accompanied by activated microglia. The role of activated microglia in the pathogenesis of AD remains controversial: either clearing Aβ deposits by phagocytosis or releasing proinflammatory cytokines and cytotoxic substances. Microglia can be activated via toll-like receptors (TLRs), a class of pattern-recognition receptors in the innate immune system. We previously demonstrated that an AD mouse model homozygous for a loss-of-function mutation of TLR4 had increases in Aβ deposits and buffer-soluble Aβ in the brain as compared with a TLR4 wild-type AD mouse model at 14-16 months of age. However ...


Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection Is Associated With An Altered Innate Immunity And A Heightened Pro-Inflammatory Response In The Lungs Of Preterm Lambs, Fatoumata B. Sow, Jack M. Gallup, Subramaniam Krishnan, Adriani C. Patera, JoAnn Suzich, Mark R. Ackermann 2011 Iowa State University

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection Is Associated With An Altered Innate Immunity And A Heightened Pro-Inflammatory Response In The Lungs Of Preterm Lambs, Fatoumata B. Sow, Jack M. Gallup, Subramaniam Krishnan, Adriani C. Patera, Joann Suzich, Mark R. Ackermann

Veterinary Pathology Publications and Papers

Introduction
Factors explaining the greater susceptibility of preterm infants to severe lower respiratory infections with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) remain poorly understood. Fetal/newborn lambs are increasingly appreciated as a model to study key elements of RSV infection in newborn infants due to similarities in lung alveolar development, immune response, and susceptibility to RSV. Previously, our laboratory demonstrated that preterm lambs had elevated viral antigen and developed more severe lesions compared to full-term lambs at seven days post-infection. Here, we compared the pathogenesis and immunological response to RSV infection in lungs of preterm and full-term lambs.

Methods
Lambs were delivered ...


Asymmetric Inheritance And Post-Mitotic Fate Of Midbodies: A Dissertation, Chun-Ting Chen 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Asymmetric Inheritance And Post-Mitotic Fate Of Midbodies: A Dissertation, Chun-Ting Chen

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Cytokinesis is the final chapter of cell division and its last page is abscission, the physical separation of two daughter cells. During cytokinesis of vertebrate cells, two future daughter cells are connected by an intercellular bridge within which the midbody (MB) is positioned. Since becoming the focus of intense investigations on cytokinesis completion, MB is now perceived as a complicated organelle where multiple pathways for abscission are targeted and coordinated. However, whether post-mitotic midbodies, the midbody derivatives (MBds), would be retained by either daughter cell post-abscission remains unexplored. In addition, how cells manage the fate of inherited MB ...


Feasibility And Results Of A Computer-Based Driver Safety Assessment, Thomas J. Mahoney 2011 UCONN Health Center - MPH

Feasibility And Results Of A Computer-Based Driver Safety Assessment, Thomas J. Mahoney

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Managing The Healthcare Needs Of Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Parents' Experience, Julie Strunk 2011 Virginia Commonwealth University

Managing The Healthcare Needs Of Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Parents' Experience, Julie Strunk

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to describe the experiences of parents who manage the health needs of an adolescent with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Qualitative interviews were conducted with parents from 10 families of adolescents with ASD residing in Virginia. Data were analyzed using Clark Moustakas’ method of analysis of data in which the phenomenologist asks the following questions: What are the individual’s experiences, and in what context did they experience them? This study maximized credibility by using three strategies: prolonged engagement, peer debriefing, and member checking. “Parents needing help” emerged as the essence of the parents ...


The Creativity Mystique And The Rhetoric Of Mood Disorders, Katie Rose Guest Pryal 2011 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

The Creativity Mystique And The Rhetoric Of Mood Disorders, Katie Rose Guest Pryal

Katie Rose Guest Pryal

Many contemporary scientific researchers are interested in drawing associations between mental illness and creativity. These studies have contributed to the popular image of the "mad genius," an image whose history stretches back as far as Plato and Aristotle. Recently, a new rhetorical manifestation of the mad genius image has emerged, what I call the creativity mystique of mood disorders. The creativity mystique, a product of the era of modern psychiatry, suggests not only that mood disorders are sources of creative genius, but also that medical treatment should take patient creativity into account. The texts I study here demonstrate a rhetorical ...


Effect Of Acepromazine And Butorphanol On Halothane Minimum Alveolar Concentration In Ponies, Thomas Doherty, Dennis Geiser, Barton Rohrbach 2011 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Effect Of Acepromazine And Butorphanol On Halothane Minimum Alveolar Concentration In Ponies, Thomas Doherty, Dennis Geiser, Barton Rohrbach

Thomas J Doherty

The effect of i.v. acepromazine (0.05 mg/kg bwt), butorphanol (0.05 mg/kg bwt) and a combination of acepromazine and butorphanol on halothane minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) was determined in 7 mixed-breed ponies. Ventilation was controlled, and blood pressure and temperature were maintained within normal limits. Following the determination of baseline MAC, treatments were administered to each pony in a random manner. The control treatment was normal saline. The baseline halothane MAC for the control group was 0.910.04%, and no significant change occurred after saline administration. Acepromazine decreased the halothane MAC from 0.920.02 ...


Effects Of Lipopolysaccharide And Phenylbutazone On Gastric Contents In The Horse, Thomas Doherty, Frank Andrews, James Blackford, Barton Rohrbach, A Sandin, Arnold Saxton 2011 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Effects Of Lipopolysaccharide And Phenylbutazone On Gastric Contents In The Horse, Thomas Doherty, Frank Andrews, James Blackford, Barton Rohrbach, A Sandin, Arnold Saxton

Thomas J Doherty

Reasons for performing study: Endotoxaemia causes a disruption of gastrointestinal motility in the horse but there is no information on its effects on gastric secretion. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration is known to affect gastric secretion in other species. Hypothesis: That LPS, a toxic component of Gram-negative bacteria, would reduce gastric acid secretion and that pretreatment with phenylbutazone (PBZ) would block the effects of LPS. Methods: The effects of LPS and PBZ on gastric contents were investigated in fasted, mature horses, with permanent gastric cannulae. Horses were pretreated with either saline or PBZ 15 min before a 60 min infusion of either ...


Effect Of Intravenous Lidocaine And Ketamine On The Minimum Alveolar Concentration Of Isoflurane In Goats, Thomas Doherty, M Redua, P Queiroz-Castro, Christine Egger, Sherry Cox, Barton Rohrbach 2011 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Effect Of Intravenous Lidocaine And Ketamine On The Minimum Alveolar Concentration Of Isoflurane In Goats, Thomas Doherty, M Redua, P Queiroz-Castro, Christine Egger, Sherry Cox, Barton Rohrbach

Thomas J Doherty

Objective: To evaluate the effects of IV lidocaine (L) and ketamine (K), alone and in combination (LK), on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane (ISO) in goats. Study design: Randomized crossover design. Animals: Eight, adult mixed breed castrated male goats, aged 1-2 years weighing 24-51 kg. Methods: Anesthesia was induced with ISO that was delivered via a mask. The tracheas were intubated and the animals ventilated to maintain an end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure between 25 and 30 mmHg (3.3-4 kPa). Baseline MAC (MACB) that prevented purposeful movement in response to clamping a claw was determined in triplicate ...


The Effect Of Tiletamine And Zolazepam On Isoflurane Minimum Alveolar Concentration In Goats, Thomas Doherty, Barton Rohrbach, L Ross, H Schultz 2011 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Effect Of Tiletamine And Zolazepam On Isoflurane Minimum Alveolar Concentration In Goats, Thomas Doherty, Barton Rohrbach, L Ross, H Schultz

Thomas J Doherty

This study was conducted in 6 healthy goats (1-3-years-old) and anaesthesia was induced using isoflurane delivered via a mask. ~1 h after induction to anaesthesia, and with the end-tidal isoflurane concentration held constant for at least 20 min. Following baseline isoflurane minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) determination, tiletamine and zolazepam (TZ) (0.55, 1.1, 2.2, 4.4 or 8.8 mg/kg) or saline were administered i.v. in an unmasked, 6*6 Latin square design. Goats received each of the 6 treatments, in a random order, with a 7-day washout period between treatments. Response to treatment was defined ...


Claw Horn Growth And Wear Rates, Toe Length, And Claw Size In Commercial Pigs: A Pilot Study, Sarel Van Amstel, Thomas Doherty 2011 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Claw Horn Growth And Wear Rates, Toe Length, And Claw Size In Commercial Pigs: A Pilot Study, Sarel Van Amstel, Thomas Doherty

Thomas J Doherty

Mean claw horn growth and wear rates in three commercial gilts were greater for rear feet and for the caudal wall. Outer and inner claws differed in size for rear feet, but not for front feet. Lesions occurred mainly in the outer claws of rear feet.


Effects Of Intravenous Lidocaine, Ketamine, And The Combination On The Minimum Alveolar Concentration Of Sevoflurane In Dogs, J Wilson, Thomas Doherty, Christine Egger, A Fidler, Sherry Cox, Barton Rohrbach 2011 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Effects Of Intravenous Lidocaine, Ketamine, And The Combination On The Minimum Alveolar Concentration Of Sevoflurane In Dogs, J Wilson, Thomas Doherty, Christine Egger, A Fidler, Sherry Cox, Barton Rohrbach

Thomas J Doherty

Objective - To evaluate the effects of intravenous lidocaine (L) and ketamine (K) alone and their combination (LK) on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane (SEVO) in dogs. Study Design - Prospective randomized, Latin-square experimental study. Animals - Six, healthy, adult Beagles, 2 males, 4 females, weighing 7.8-12.8 kg. Methods - Anesthesia was induced with SEVO in oxygen delivered by face mask. The tracheas were intubated and the lungs ventilated to maintain normocapnia. Baseline minimum alveolar concentration of SEVO (MACB) was determined in duplicate for each dog using an electrical stimulus and then the treatment was initiated. Each dog received each ...


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