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Large Scale Neural Dynamics Of Rhythmic Sensorimotor Coordination And Stability, Joseph W. (Joseph William) Borrell 2010 Western Washington University

Large Scale Neural Dynamics Of Rhythmic Sensorimotor Coordination And Stability, Joseph W. (Joseph William) Borrell

WWU Graduate School Collection

Coordination Dynamics posits that the stability of coordinated patterns of movement may be a key variable for organizing neural activity underlying coordinated action. In support, recent findings suggest that premotor areas play an important role in maintaining pattern stability. The present EEG study investigates how changes in neural activation (assessed via event-related power) are affected both by rate and stability of coordination. Nineteen participants coordinated finger taps with an auditory metronome in either a synchronized or syncopated pattern presented at five different rates (1.00, 1.25, 1.50, 1.75, and 2.00 Hz). Premotor areas demonstrated increases in ...


Reading Sheet Music Activates The Mirror Neuron System Of Musicians: An Eeg Investigation., Lawrence Paul Behmer 2010 Western Washington University

Reading Sheet Music Activates The Mirror Neuron System Of Musicians: An Eeg Investigation., Lawrence Paul Behmer

WWU Graduate School Collection

Recent brain imaging studies have demonstrated that the mirror system, in addition to becoming active while viewing the actions of others, also responds to abstract visual and auditory stimuli associated with specific actions. Growing evidence suggests that such mappings are learned leading to the hypothesis that the motor system may respond to any stimuli strongly associated to a specific motor response. Reading sheet music is an excellent example in which musicians rapidly and automatically translate arbitrary visual symbols into music by a well practiced series of actions. Here we test the hypothesis that when musicians read sheet music an associated ...


The Impact Of Stress On Older Adult Caregivers' Everyday Memory, Jessica H. Anderson 2010 Western Washington University

The Impact Of Stress On Older Adult Caregivers' Everyday Memory, Jessica H. Anderson

WWU Graduate School Collection

The goal of the present study was to explore the relationship of stress with everyday memory and basic cognitive abilities in informal older adult caregivers. Caregivers completed a pseudo-medication regimen, measured using an electronic pill cap. The cap monitored the number of openings and the timing of the openings for 14 days. In addition, caregivers completed a daily stress assessment. Hierarchical linear models found no effect of stress, but speed of processing and working memory were related to the correct timing of openings. A cross-level interaction of speed of processing with stress on the timing of openings was found. Individuals ...


The Eroticization Of Lesbianism By Heterosexual Men, Kristin Puhl 2010 Western Washington University

The Eroticization Of Lesbianism By Heterosexual Men, Kristin Puhl

WWU Graduate School Collection

The stereotyping of lesbians includes both a traditional masculine, "butch" lesbian and a feminine, sexualized lesbian. The perception of lesbianism as erotic extends throughout mainstream society, with images of lesbianism targeted to heterosexual men in advertising, film, and pornography. If men do not perceive lesbians as either inherently bisexual or hypersexual, why are lesbians eroticized by heterosexual men? Here, subliminal priming with homosexual or heterosexual male or females primes was designed to elicit chronically accessible eroticization of lesbianism. Findings revealed that, contrary to expectations, priming with heterosexual-female prime sets did not increase reported erotic value of lesbianism relative to other ...


Thought In The Absence Of Attention, Kurt Braunlich 2010 Western Washington University

Thought In The Absence Of Attention, Kurt Braunlich

WWU Graduate School Collection

Although many researchers have been unsuccessful in doing so, I was able to partially replicate Dijksterhuis' (2004) "unconscious thought" effect. I found that participants who were distracted with the performance of an irrelevant task made better decisions than participants who engaged in conscious thought or participants who made immediatedecisions. Task directions and population differences in the evaluation of option attributes likely represent confounding variables that can disrupt the unconscious thought effect. While Dijksterhuis has argued that his findings necessitate the existence of an unconscious thought process capable of operating in the absence of attention, I suspect that there is a ...


Discrimination Of Tone Contrasts In Mandarin Disyllables By Naïve American English Listeners, Shari Salzhauer Berkowitz 2010 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Discrimination Of Tone Contrasts In Mandarin Disyllables By Naïve American English Listeners, Shari Salzhauer Berkowitz

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The present study examined the perception of Mandarin disyllabic tones by inexperienced American English speakers. Participants heard two naturally-produced Mandarin disyllables, and indicated if the two were the same or different. A small native Mandarin-speaking control group participated as well. All 21 possible Mandarin contrasts where the initial syllable varied but the final syllable stayed the same were tested. Acoustic analysis was performed on the stimuli under study. Mandarin subjects scored at ceiling on all contrasts. American English subjects performed poorly on contrasts where the difference in mean F0 was small, or where the difference in the offset F0 of ...


Health Professionals Addressing Alcohol Use With Pregnant Women In Western Australia: Barriers And Strategies For Communication, Kathryn France, Nadine Henley, Jan Payne, Heather D'Antoine, Anne Bartu, Colleen O'Leary, Elizabeth Elliott, Carol Bower 2010 Edith Cowan University

Health Professionals Addressing Alcohol Use With Pregnant Women In Western Australia: Barriers And Strategies For Communication, Kathryn France, Nadine Henley, Jan Payne, Heather D'Antoine, Anne Bartu, Colleen O'Leary, Elizabeth Elliott, Carol Bower

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Health professionals have an important role to play in preventing prenatal alcohol exposure. In 2006 qualitative data were collected from 53 health professionals working in primary care in metropolitan and regional Western Australia. Thematic analysis was used to elucidate barriers in addressing prenatal alcohol use and the strategies used to overcome them. Health professionals identified strategies for obtaining alcohol use information from pregnant women but they are not recognizing moderate alcohol intake in pregnant women. Study limitations are noted and the implications of the results are discussed.


Adult Outcomes Of Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury , Miriam Beauchamp, Julian Dooley, Vicki Anderson 2010 Edith Cowan University

Adult Outcomes Of Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury , Miriam Beauchamp, Julian Dooley, Vicki Anderson

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most common causes of acquired disability during childhood. While the majority of such injuries are mild, and result in few, if any, functional sequelae, children sustaining more significant insults may experience permanent cognitive and behavioral deficits. Clinical reports indicate residual impairments in a range of skills, particularly information-processing, attention, memory, learning, social function and behavior. These deficits impact on a child's capacity to interact with the environment effectively, resulting in lags in skill acquisition, and increasing gaps between injured children and their age peers, as they move through childhood and into ...


Bullying In School And Cyberspace: Associations With Depressive Symptoms In Swiss And Australian Adolescents., Sonja Perren, Julian Dooley, Therese Shaw, Donna Cross 2010 Edith Cowan University

Bullying In School And Cyberspace: Associations With Depressive Symptoms In Swiss And Australian Adolescents., Sonja Perren, Julian Dooley, Therese Shaw, Donna Cross

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Background Cyber-bullying (i.e., bullying via electronic means) has emerged as a new form of bullying that presents unique challenges to those victimised. Recent studies have demonstrated that there is a significant conceptual and practical overlap between both types of bullying such that most young people who are cyber-bullied also tend to be bullied by more traditional methods. Despite the overlap between traditional and cyber forms of bullying, it remains unclear if being a victim of cyber-bullying has the same negative consequences as being a victim of traditional bullying. Method The current study investigated associations between cyber versus traditional bullying ...


The Pregnancy Hormones Human Chorionic Gonadotropin And Progesterone Induce Human Embryonic Stem Cell Proliferation And Differentiation Into Neuroectodermal Rosettes, Miguel Gallego, Prashob Porayette, Maria Kaltcheva, Richard Bowan, Sivan Vadakkadath Meethal, Craig Atwood 2010 Edith Cowan University

The Pregnancy Hormones Human Chorionic Gonadotropin And Progesterone Induce Human Embryonic Stem Cell Proliferation And Differentiation Into Neuroectodermal Rosettes, Miguel Gallego, Prashob Porayette, Maria Kaltcheva, Richard Bowan, Sivan Vadakkadath Meethal, Craig Atwood

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Introduction: The physiological signals that direct the division and differentiation of the zygote to form a blastocyst, and subsequent embryonic stem cell division and differentiation during early embryogenesis, are unknown. Although a number of growth factors, including the pregnancy-associated hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) are secreted by trophoblasts that lie adjacent to the embryoblast in the blastocyst, it is not known whether these growth factors directly signal human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). Methods: Here we used hESCs as a model of inner cell mass differentiation to examine the hormonal requirements for the formation of embryoid bodies (EB’s; akin to ...


Stakeholders' Views On The Routine Use Of N-Of-1 Trials To Improve Clinical Care And To Make Resource Allocation Decisions For Drug Use, Jane Nikles, Geoffrey K. Mitchell, Alexandra Clavarino, Michael J. Yelland, Christopher B. Del Mar 2010 University of Queensland

Stakeholders' Views On The Routine Use Of N-Of-1 Trials To Improve Clinical Care And To Make Resource Allocation Decisions For Drug Use, Jane Nikles, Geoffrey K. Mitchell, Alexandra Clavarino, Michael J. Yelland, Christopher B. Del Mar

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

N-of-1 trials are empirical formal tests using a within-patient randomised, double-blind, cross-over comparison of drug and placebo (or another drug), which we adapted to study individual patients’ responses as a clinical tool to guide clinical management. We administered semi-structured interviews to gauge stakeholder perspectives on the possibility of using routine n-of-1 trials for this purpose. Stakeholders included government and non-government health care sector, and patient, clinician and consumer, organisations. Stakeholders supported more widespread implementation of n-of-1 trials, in a targeted fashion, with some caveats. Barriers to their widespread implementation included constraints on doctors’ time, doctors’ acceptance, drug company acceptance, patient ...


Blood/Lust: Freud And The Trauma Of Killing In War, Nolen Gertz 2010 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Blood/Lust: Freud And The Trauma Of Killing In War, Nolen Gertz

Publications and Research

During World War I, Sigmund Freud and his followers held a special symposium in Budapest entitled "Psycho-Analysis and the War Neuroses." Their contributions centered on the importance of trying to understand what can cause a soldier to become traumatized in war by investigating the individual factors of each case as opposed to merely the situational factors. Thus by redefining such ambiguous illnesses as shell shock and war strain into the Freudian framework of the traumatic neuroses, they were able to do what the neurologists could not — explain the meaning behind the soldiers' symptoms and treat them with successful results. However ...


The Development Of Therapeutic Antibodies That Neutralize Homologous And Heterologous Genotypes Of Dengue Virus Type 1, Bimmi Shrestha, James D. Brien, Soila Sukupolvi-Petty, S. Kyle Austin, Melissa A. Edeling, Taekyung Kim, Katie M. O'Brien, Christopher A. Nelson, Syd Johnson, Daved H. Fremont, Michael S. Diamond 2010 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

The Development Of Therapeutic Antibodies That Neutralize Homologous And Heterologous Genotypes Of Dengue Virus Type 1, Bimmi Shrestha, James D. Brien, Soila Sukupolvi-Petty, S. Kyle Austin, Melissa A. Edeling, Taekyung Kim, Katie M. O'Brien, Christopher A. Nelson, Syd Johnson, Daved H. Fremont, Michael S. Diamond

Open Access Publications

No abstract provided.


Sliding Set-Points Of Immune Responses For Therapy Of Autoimmunity, Chyi-Song Hsieh, Jhoanne Lynne Bautista 2010 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Sliding Set-Points Of Immune Responses For Therapy Of Autoimmunity, Chyi-Song Hsieh, Jhoanne Lynne Bautista

Open Access Publications

No abstract provided.


Mhc Class I–Deficient Natural Killer Cells Acquire A Licensed Phenotype After Transfer Into An Mhc Class I–Sufficient Environment, Julie M. Elliott, Joseph A. Wahle, Wayne M. Yokoyama 2010 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Mhc Class I–Deficient Natural Killer Cells Acquire A Licensed Phenotype After Transfer Into An Mhc Class I–Sufficient Environment, Julie M. Elliott, Joseph A. Wahle, Wayne M. Yokoyama

Open Access Publications

No abstract provided.


Optimal Use Of Beta-Blockers In High-Risk Hypertension: A Guide To Dosing Equivalence, Janet B. McGill 2010 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Optimal Use Of Beta-Blockers In High-Risk Hypertension: A Guide To Dosing Equivalence, Janet B. Mcgill

Open Access Publications

No abstract provided.


Peripheral Cd103+ Dendritic Cells Form A Unified Subset Developmentally Related To Cd8Α+ Conventional Dendritic Cells, Brian T. Edelson, Wumesh KC, Richard Juang, Masako Kohyama, Loralyn A. Benoit, Paul A. Klekotka, Clara Moon, Jörn C. Albring, Wataru Ise, Drew G. Michael, Deepta Bhattacharya, Thaddeus S. Stappenbeck, Michael J. Holtzman, Sun-Sang J. Sung, Theresa L. Murphy, Kai Hildner, Kenneth M. Murphy 2010 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Peripheral Cd103+ Dendritic Cells Form A Unified Subset Developmentally Related To Cd8Α+ Conventional Dendritic Cells, Brian T. Edelson, Wumesh Kc, Richard Juang, Masako Kohyama, Loralyn A. Benoit, Paul A. Klekotka, Clara Moon, Jörn C. Albring, Wataru Ise, Drew G. Michael, Deepta Bhattacharya, Thaddeus S. Stappenbeck, Michael J. Holtzman, Sun-Sang J. Sung, Theresa L. Murphy, Kai Hildner, Kenneth M. Murphy

Open Access Publications

No abstract provided.


Racial Disparities Between The Sex Steroid Milieu And The Metabolic Risk Profile, Arlette Perry, Xuewen Wang, Ronald Goldberg, Robert Ross, Loreto Jackson 2010 University of Miami

Racial Disparities Between The Sex Steroid Milieu And The Metabolic Risk Profile, Arlette Perry, Xuewen Wang, Ronald Goldberg, Robert Ross, Loreto Jackson

Open Access Publications

No abstract provided.


Quantitative Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance For Molecular Imaging, Patrick M. Winter, Shelton D. Caruthers, Gregory M. Lanza, Samuel A. Wickline 2010 Cincinnati Children’s Hospital

Quantitative Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance For Molecular Imaging, Patrick M. Winter, Shelton D. Caruthers, Gregory M. Lanza, Samuel A. Wickline

Open Access Publications

No abstract provided.


Rhomboid 4 (Rom4) Affects The Processing Of Surface Adhesins And Facilitates Host Cell Invasion By Toxoplasma Gondii, Jeffrey S. Buguliskis, Fabien Brossier, Joel Shuman, L. David Sibley 2010 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Rhomboid 4 (Rom4) Affects The Processing Of Surface Adhesins And Facilitates Host Cell Invasion By Toxoplasma Gondii, Jeffrey S. Buguliskis, Fabien Brossier, Joel Shuman, L. David Sibley

Open Access Publications

No abstract provided.


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