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An Exploration Of Appearance-Related Issues Of Breast Cancer Treatment On Sense Of Self, Self-Esteem, And Social Functioning In Women With Breast Cancer, Margaret M. Preston 2010 University of Pennsylvania

An Exploration Of Appearance-Related Issues Of Breast Cancer Treatment On Sense Of Self, Self-Esteem, And Social Functioning In Women With Breast Cancer, Margaret M. Preston

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

ABSTRACT AN EXPLORATION OF APPEARANCE-RELATED ISSUES OF BREAST CANCER TREATMENT ON SENSE OF SELF, SELF-ESTEEM, AND SOCIAL FUNCTIONING IN WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER Margaret M. Preston Joretha N. Bourjolly We, as individuals, and in most cases, become the designers of our external appearance. Through hair styles, cosmetics, grooming behaviors, tattoos, piercing, and our style of dress, our outward appearance sends messages about ourselves to others. This outward appearance is the primary focus in identity recognition and first impressions. As humans, we are influenced by our social interactions and the impressions we give and receive from others. To date, very little ...


Polymersomes: Multi-Functional Tools For In Vivo Cancer Theranostic Applications, Dalia H. Levine 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Polymersomes: Multi-Functional Tools For In Vivo Cancer Theranostic Applications, Dalia H. Levine

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

ABSTRACT

POLYMERSOMES: MULTI-FUNCTIONAL TOOLS FOR IN VIVO CANCER THERANOSTIC APPLICATIONS

Dalia Hope Levine

Dr. Daniel A. Hammer

Nanoparticles are currently being developed as delivery vehicles for therapeutic and contrast imaging agents. Polymersomes (mesoscopic polymer vesicles) possess a number of attractive biomaterial properties, including greater biocompatibility, prolonged circulation times, and increased mechanical stability, that make them ideal for these applications. The polymersome architecture, with its large hydrophilic reservoir and thick hydrophobic lamellar membrane, provides significant storage capacity for water soluble and insoluble substances.

The primary thesis aims are to develop multi-functional polymersomes for combination therapeutic applications, as well as simultaneous therapeutic ...


The Met And Unmet Needs Of Families Of Patients In The Icu And Implications For Social Work Practice, Heather Sheaffer 2010 University of Pennsylvania

The Met And Unmet Needs Of Families Of Patients In The Icu And Implications For Social Work Practice, Heather Sheaffer

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

This qualitative research study seeks an understanding of the experience and needs of family members of patients in an intensive care unit (ICU) at a large, metropolitan hospital. This study utilizes a self-developed, semi-structured interview, transitioning the findings of the The Critical Care Family Needs Inventory (CCFNI) (Molter, & Leske, 1983) into open-ended interview questions. The interviews query participants about their needs related to their family member’s stay in the ICU, their interactions with the health care team and any recommendations they wished to offer to family members of patients in the ICU and to the health care team. The ...


The Association Between Teen Parenthood And Marital Status Among Women, Amy Feinberg 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Association Between Teen Parenthood And Marital Status Among Women, Amy Feinberg

Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Teen pregnancy and teen parenting are prevalent and significant public health issues. Teen parenting also has many social and economic consequences for mother and family. Single parenthood is associated with increased financial, work and child care strains compared to a more traditional family type. Therefore, the impact of teen pregnancy on marital status needs to be investigated. This study examines the association between teen parenthood and future marital status. Methods: The 2002 National Survey of Family Growth, Cycle 6 was analyzed. This study included 12398 women age 20 – 44 years who had children. Teen parenthood was defined as age ...


The Conundrum Of Sensitization When Recording From Nociceptors, Geoffrey M. Bove, Andrew Dilley 2010 University of New England

The Conundrum Of Sensitization When Recording From Nociceptors, Geoffrey M. Bove, Andrew Dilley

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Publications

Nociceptors are sensory neurons that detect harmful, or potentially harmful, stimuli, and can become sensitized following injury or repetitive stimulation. When sensitized, nociceptors often exhibit activity in the absence of apparent or additional stimulation, called ongoing (or spontaneous) activity (OA). In this report, we provide evidence that OA in nociceptors can be caused by the stimuli typically used to identify and characterize the neuron, which must by definition be noxious and therefore potentially sensitizing. Such OA caused by the experimental methodology can confound interpretation. In our nerve inflammation model, OA can potentially arise from multiple sites, including the lesion site ...


Alcohol Misuse And Depressive Symptomology Among Males With A History Of Service In The U.S. Armed Forces, Ashley Davis 2010 Georgia State University

Alcohol Misuse And Depressive Symptomology Among Males With A History Of Service In The U.S. Armed Forces, Ashley Davis

Public Health Theses

BACKGROUND: Soldiers face extraordinary circumstances while serving in the U.S. Armed Forces. Soldiers are required at times to live away from family and friends for extended periods of time and work in hazardous environments. Once soldiers become veterans, the experiences of military life may continue to affect them long after their duties have been carried out. These conditions put them at greater risk for alcohol misuse and depression. The purpose of this is to determine whether there is an association between alcohol misuse and depression symptomology among males who have a history of service in the U.S. Armed ...


Examining The Influence Of Economic And Political Factors Upon Access To Improved Water And Sanitation In Select African Nations, 2005-2008, Dlorah C. Jenkins 2010 Georgia State University

Examining The Influence Of Economic And Political Factors Upon Access To Improved Water And Sanitation In Select African Nations, 2005-2008, Dlorah C. Jenkins

Public Health Theses

Background:Today, 884 million people worldwide lack access to safe drinking water, and 2.6 billion are without access to improved sanitation facilities, with the majority of this burden falling upon citizens of the developing world. The purpose of this study was to determine what influence political and economic factors have upon the availability of improved water and sanitation services in developing nations, with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa.

Methods:Data from the Demographic and Health Surveys of 11 sub-Saharan African nations conducted from 2005-2008 were analyzed using SPSS 18.0. Five WASH-related dependent variables were examined: access to an ...


Assessment Of Existing Mercury Fact Sheets For Development Of A Revised Mercury Fact Sheet, Subash C. Patel 2010 Georgia State University

Assessment Of Existing Mercury Fact Sheets For Development Of A Revised Mercury Fact Sheet, Subash C. Patel

Public Health Theses

Introduction:

A mercury fact sheet that contains essential information and can be clearly understood by majority of adults is needed. In Fiscal Year 2009, EPA responded to more releases related to mercury than any other release. Since 2003, EPA has responded to more than 200 mercury releases. The American Association of Poison Control Centers estimate more than 50,000 people have been exposed to mercury vapors from 2003 to 2008, and 19,000 mercury cleanups have occurred from 2006 to 2008.

Purpose:

To determine what information needs to be included in a mercury fact sheet and how it should be ...


Promoting Older Adults' Health Through Policy, Pamela L. Buckmaster 2010 Georgia State University

Promoting Older Adults' Health Through Policy, Pamela L. Buckmaster

Public Health Theses

The purpose of this capstone project was to develop the content for an online training module entitled Promoting Older Adults’ Health through Policy. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Aging and Health Work Group was interested in complementing their workshop, Promoting Older Adults’ Health: Opportunities and Resources for CDC Professionals with an online training module on aging and policy.

This project highlights significant pieces of U.S. legislation that promotes older adults’ health and draws attention to emerging policy, systems, and environmental changes on the horizon. An anticipated short-term outcome is a demonstrated sensitivity to population aging in ...


A Comparative Analysis Of The Attitudes Towards People Living With Hiv/Aids Between Haiti And The Dominican Republic, Georges Perrin 2010 Georgia State University

A Comparative Analysis Of The Attitudes Towards People Living With Hiv/Aids Between Haiti And The Dominican Republic, Georges Perrin

Public Health Theses

BACKGROUND: HIV-related stigmatizing attitudes are persistent concerns in developing countries and have been shown to fuel the spread of the epidemics. The purpose of this study is to provide a comparative analysis between Haiti and the Dominican Republic in regards to the population’s attitude towards People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA).

METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the Demographic Health Surveys involving 15,715 Haitians and 55,170 Dominicans from 2005 to 2007 were used. A score of attitudes was established from six items such as the willingness to care for infected relatives, the willingness to buy vegetables from an HIV ...


Health Care Disparities And Chronic Disease Burden: Policy Implications For Ngos, Stella S. Obot 2010 Georgia State University

Health Care Disparities And Chronic Disease Burden: Policy Implications For Ngos, Stella S. Obot

Public Health Theses

The purpose of this capstone is to develop a program to address health literacy among African American adults. The social cognitive theory and the health belief model was used to create a model of an age appropriate, culturally sensitive program with a pre and post test to improve the health literacy in this population. The Community Health Literacy Improvement Program (CHIP) is a pilot program that will consist of a four week didactic intervention focused on combating prose, document, and quantitative health illiteracy. This program will be implemented through a community based nonprofit organization. Participants who complete the CHIP program ...


Outcomes Of The Implementation Of The Mental Health Recovery Measure In The Dekalb Community Service Board Population, Sharon H. Davis 2010 Georgia State University

Outcomes Of The Implementation Of The Mental Health Recovery Measure In The Dekalb Community Service Board Population, Sharon H. Davis

Public Health Theses

The relationship between mental health and public health has been debated for decades. But when services are delivered through publically funded mental health clinics, it clearly becomes a public health endeavor. One of the latest trends in mental health service delivery is the recovery concept. Developed in the 1990’s, the recovery concept represents a paradigm shift where successful treatment is defined by self-awareness, self-care, and self-fulfillment. Furthermore, patients are encouraged to assess their own progress in the recovery process. There are currently nine unique assessment tools to measure recovery progress, including the Mental Health Recovery Measure (MHRM), which was ...


Colleges Connect To Collect: The Atlanta Collegiate Food Drive (Capstone), Jessica L. Ekhomu 2010 Georgia State University

Colleges Connect To Collect: The Atlanta Collegiate Food Drive (Capstone), Jessica L. Ekhomu

Public Health Theses

Hunger and food insecurity exist across millions of households in the US, and in even greater numbers in the state of Georgia. In fact, Georgia ranks fourth among the ten states with the highest food insecurity. Hunger and food insecurity have negative implications for the health and well being of children and adults. Such outcomes include fatigue, headaches, and frequent colds among children, and worsening chronic and acute diseases among adults. A non-governmental approach to addressing hunger and food insecurity includes food-banking. The Atlanta Community Food Bank (ACFB) collects, warehouses, and distributes 2 million pounds of food and other donated ...


The Australian College Of Rural And Remote Medicine Fellowship Program: A New Era In Rural And Remote Medicine Training, T SenGupta, S Margolis, D Prideaux, Janie Smith, J Cowie, T Wilkinson 2010 Bond University

The Australian College Of Rural And Remote Medicine Fellowship Program: A New Era In Rural And Remote Medicine Training, T Sengupta, S Margolis, D Prideaux, Janie Smith, J Cowie, T Wilkinson

Janie Smith

Access the presentation abstract from the Abstract Book (pp 76-77)


Caffeine Enhances Upper Body Strength In Resistance-Trained Women, Erica Goldstein, Patrick L. Jacobs, Michael Whitehurst, Tina Penhollow, Jose Antonio 2010 Nova Southeastern University

Caffeine Enhances Upper Body Strength In Resistance-Trained Women, Erica Goldstein, Patrick L. Jacobs, Michael Whitehurst, Tina Penhollow, Jose Antonio

Department of Health and Human Performance Faculty Articles

BACKGROUND:

Research has indicated that low-to-moderate dosages of caffeine supplementation are ergogenic for sustained endurance efforts as well as high-intensity exercise. The effects of caffeine supplementation on strength-power performance are equivocal, with some studies indicating a benefit and others demonstrating no change in performance. The majority of research that has examined the effects of caffeine supplementation on strength-power performance has been carried out in both trained and untrained men. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the acute effects of caffeine supplementation on strength and muscular endurance in resistance-trained women.

METHODS:

In a randomized manner, 15 women consumed ...


Chronic Self-Injury And Suicidality In Borderline Personality Disorder And Its Treatments, Megan Perry 2010 Rowan University

Chronic Self-Injury And Suicidality In Borderline Personality Disorder And Its Treatments, Megan Perry

Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the ethical considerations and ways of treating chronic suicidality in people with Borderline Personality Disorder. A sample of 62 clinicians working in the mental health field was surveyed. As predicted, the degree held by the participant, the type of organization the participant worked for, their occupation/title, type of treatment modality and years of experience were all related to how they responded to the questions on the survey. Unexpectedly, the sex of the participant was also related to how participants responded.


Identification And Characterization Of A Second Wolfram Syndrome Gene, Sami Amr 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

Identification And Characterization Of A Second Wolfram Syndrome Gene, Sami Amr

Theses and Dissertations

Wolfram Syndrome (WFS) is a debilitating autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by juvenile onset insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (DM) and optic atrophy (OA) as well as a number of neurological and endocrine complications that result in early death due to respiratory complications. Previous research has mapped Wolfram syndrome to chromosome 4p16.1 and the disease has been attributed to mutations in the WFS1 gene affecting the WFS1 protein (wolframin), an ER membrane glycoprotein that plays an important role in the unfolded protein response (UPR) and in intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis. An additional locus for WFS on chromosome 4q22-24 was identified by ...


Efficacy Of Orthodontic Bonding Agents In Preventing Demineralization Around Brackets, Morris Poole 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

Efficacy Of Orthodontic Bonding Agents In Preventing Demineralization Around Brackets, Morris Poole

Theses and Dissertations

Enamel demineralization is a concern in orthodontic patients with poor oral hygiene. To curtail this problem, amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) containing adhesives have been developed. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the cariostatic potential of an ACP containing orthodontic bonding agent adjacent to brackets. Sixty human molars were randomly distributed into: ACP adhesive, resin modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC), and conventional composite resin groups (N=20 each). Brackets were bonded following the manufacturer’s instructions. Tooth enamel through a 2mm window around the brackets was cycled in demineralization (6 hrs) and remineralization (18 hrs) solutions. After ...


A Community-Engaged Research Approach To The Development Of An Assessment Tool For Historical Data Collection Of Saara Client Population, Jessica Markey 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

A Community-Engaged Research Approach To The Development Of An Assessment Tool For Historical Data Collection Of Saara Client Population, Jessica Markey

Theses and Dissertations

Through collaboration between the Substance Abuse and Addiction Recovery Alliance (SAARA) and several community partners, a need was identified for a new measurement tool to gather comprehensive client histories for program evaluation and development. The purpose of this study was to (1) develop a culturally relevant and organizationally appropriate mechanism for the collection of comprehensive client histories and (2) to provide the opportunity for staff to engage in a new process of developing and implementing data collection strategies. As a result of the use of a community-based participatory approach, (1) a missed opportunity for program evaluation and development was identified ...


Chippeakanno: A Bioconductor Package To Annotate Chip-Seq And Chip-Chip Data, Lihua Julie Zhu, Claude Gazin, Nathan D. Lawson, Herve Pages, Simon M. Lin, David S. Lapointe, Michael R. Green 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Chippeakanno: A Bioconductor Package To Annotate Chip-Seq And Chip-Chip Data, Lihua Julie Zhu, Claude Gazin, Nathan D. Lawson, Herve Pages, Simon M. Lin, David S. Lapointe, Michael R. Green

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) followed by high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq) or ChIP followed by genome tiling array analysis (ChIP-chip) have become standard technologies for genome-wide identification of DNA-binding protein target sites. A number of algorithms have been developed in parallel that allow identification of binding sites from ChIP-seq or ChIP-chip datasets and subsequent visualization in the University of California Santa Cruz (UCSC) Genome Browser as custom annotation tracks. However, summarizing these tracks can be a daunting task, particularly if there are a large number of binding sites or the binding sites are distributed widely across the genome.

RESULTS: We have developed ...


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