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Health Disparities Among Health Care Workers, Barbara Mawn, Carlos Siqueira, Ainat Koren, Craig Slatin, Karen Melillo, Carole Pearce, Lee Ann Hoff 2009 University of Massachusetts Boston

Health Disparities Among Health Care Workers, Barbara Mawn, Carlos Siqueira, Ainat Koren, Craig Slatin, Karen Melillo, Carole Pearce, Lee Ann Hoff

C. Eduardo Siqueira

In this article we describe the process of an interdisciplinary case study that examined the social contexts of occupational and general health disparities among health care workers in two sets of New England hospitals and nursing homes.

A political economy of the work environment framework guided the study, which incorporated dimensions related

to market dynamics, technology, and political and economic power. The purpose of this article is to relate the

challenges encountered in occupational health care settings and how these could have impacted the study results.

An innovative data collection matrix that guided small-group analysis provided a firm foundation from ...


Review Of Pregnancy Diagnosis Techniques In Cattle And Small Ruminants, Brian Whitlock, Elizabeth Coffman 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Review Of Pregnancy Diagnosis Techniques In Cattle And Small Ruminants, Brian Whitlock, Elizabeth Coffman

Brian K Whitlock, PhD, DVM, DACT

Pregnancy diagnosis is a common management practice for ruminants and there are a number of methods available, with each having advantage(s) and/or disadvantage(s). A brief review of pregnancy diagnosis techniques in cattle, goats, and sheep is provided.


Economic Inequalities In Maternal Health Care: Pre-Natal Care And Skilled Birth Attendance In India 1992-2006, Praveen Pathak, Abhishek Singh, S Subramanian 2009 International Institute for Population Sciences

Economic Inequalities In Maternal Health Care: Pre-Natal Care And Skilled Birth Attendance In India 1992-2006, Praveen Pathak, Abhishek Singh, S Subramanian

Abhishek Singh

Background:The use of maternal health care is limited in India despite several programmatic efforts for its improvement since the late 1980’s. The use of maternal health care is typically patterned on socioeconomic and cultural contours. However, there is no clear perspective about how socioeconomic differences over time have contributed towards the use of maternal health care in India. Methodology/Principal Findings:Using data from three rounds of National Family Health Survey (NFHS) conducted during 1992–2006, we analyse the trends and patterns in utilization of prenatal care (PNC) in first trimester with four or more antenatal care visits ...


In Dante's Ninth Circle, William Branch 2009 Emory University

In Dante's Ninth Circle, William Branch

William T.Branch Jr.MD

The article describes several of my personal experiences with dying patients and their families and provides my reflections on these experiences: Introduction: Struggling for an excuse, I explained to the man on the phone that I was cutting back on my practice. I had taken the call because it came from my hometown. Now the caller, Richard, played his trump card, "I was having dinner with your brother-in-law on Saturday. He told me I must get you to be the doctor for my brother." Stuck, I suggested a compromise. I would arrange for his semi comatose brother's transfer to ...


Ethnobotanical Study On Some Malaysian Anti-Malarial Plants: A Community Based Survey, Hesham Al-Mekhlafi 2009 University of Malaya

Ethnobotanical Study On Some Malaysian Anti-Malarial Plants: A Community Based Survey, Hesham Al-Mekhlafi

Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi

Ethnopharmacological relevance: Various plants species are used in the traditional medicine for the treatment of malaria. This is the first community based ethnobotanical study in Peninsular Malaysia. Aim of the study: To investigate the plants traditionally used in the treatment of malaria in Malaysia. Materials and methods: An ethnobotanical survey was carried out among 233 Aboriginal and rural households, and traditional healers in malaria endemic areas in Peninsular Malaysia. Data were collected using a pre-tested questionnaire. Results: Nineteen species belonging to 17 families were identified. Twelve plant species have not previously been documented for the treatment of malaria in Malaysia ...


Blind Expertise, Christopher Robertson 2009 Harvard Law School

Blind Expertise, Christopher Robertson

Christopher T. Robertson

America spends hundreds of billions of dollars on its system of civil litigation, and expert witnesses appear in the vast majority of cases. Yet, litigants currently select and retain expert witnesses in ways that create the appearance of biased hired-guns on both sides of every case and thereby deprive factfinders of a clear view of the scientific facts. As a result, factfinders too often get it wrong, which undermines deterrence and compensation and facilitates frivolous claims and defenses. Although many have suggested that court-appointed experts could be a solution, such proposals raise concerns about accuracy and fairness and have failed ...


Stress And Coping On The Home Front: Guard And Reserve Spouses Searching For A New Normal, C Lapp, Lois Taft, T Tollesfson, A Hoepner, K Moore, K Divyak 2009 Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne

Stress And Coping On The Home Front: Guard And Reserve Spouses Searching For A New Normal, C Lapp, Lois Taft, T Tollesfson, A Hoepner, K Moore, K Divyak

Lois Taft

No abstract provided.


An Evaluation Of A Public Health Nutrition Workforce Development Intervention For The Nutrition And Dietetics Workforce, Claire Palmero, Roger Hughes, Louise McCall 2009 Selected Works

An Evaluation Of A Public Health Nutrition Workforce Development Intervention For The Nutrition And Dietetics Workforce, Claire Palmero, Roger Hughes, Louise Mccall

Roger Hughes

No abstract provided.


Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome Caused By Aphanomyces Invadans In Captive Bullseye Snakehead Channa Marulius Collected From South Florida, Usa., R. Saylor, Debra Miller, M. Vandersea, M. Bevelhimer, P. Schofield, W. Bennett 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome Caused By Aphanomyces Invadans In Captive Bullseye Snakehead Channa Marulius Collected From South Florida, Usa., R. Saylor, Debra Miller, M. Vandersea, M. Bevelhimer, P. Schofield, W. Bennett

Debra L Miller

Epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) caused by the oomycete Aphanomyces invadans is an invasive, opportunistic disease of both freshwater and estuarine fishes. Originally documented as the cause of mycotic granulomatosis of ornamental fishes in Japan and as the cause of EUS of fishes in southeast Asia and Australia, this pathogen is also present in estuaries and freshwater bodies of the Atlantic and gulf coasts of the USA. We describe a mass mortality event of 343 captive juvenile bullseye snakehead Channa marulius collected from freshwater canals in Miami-Dade County, Florida. Clinical signs appeared within the first 2 d of captivity and included ...


Universal Screening For Meticillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus: Interim Results From The Nhs Scotland Pathfinder Project, Jacqui Reilly, S Stewart, P Christie, G Allardice, A Smith, R Masterton, I Gould, C Williams, P Christie 2009 Glasgow Caledonian University

Universal Screening For Meticillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus: Interim Results From The Nhs Scotland Pathfinder Project, Jacqui Reilly, S Stewart, P Christie, G Allardice, A Smith, R Masterton, I Gould, C Williams, P Christie

Professor Jacqui Reilly

No abstract provided.


The Beta3-Adrenoceptor Mediates The Inhibitory Effects Of Beta-Adrenoceptor Agonists Via The Urothelium In Pig Bladder Dome, Koichi Masunaga, Christopher Chapple, Neil McKay, Masaki Yoshida, Donna Sellers 2009 Selected Works

The Beta3-Adrenoceptor Mediates The Inhibitory Effects Of Beta-Adrenoceptor Agonists Via The Urothelium In Pig Bladder Dome, Koichi Masunaga, Christopher Chapple, Neil Mckay, Masaki Yoshida, Donna Sellers

Donna Sellers

Aims: Relaxation of detrusor muscle via b-adrenoceptors may contribute to urine storage during bladder filling. Thus there is increasing interest in b-adrenoceptor agonists as a potential treatment for detrusor overactivity. The role of the urothelium in bladder responses to b-adrenoceptor agonists is not yet clear, although we have shown that these agonists have a greater inhibitory effect on detrusor contraction when the urothelium is intact. The aim was to determine which b-adrenoceptor subtype is involved in this effect.

Methods: Paired strips of pig bladder dome mucosa-intact and mucosa-denuded, were mounted in tissue baths. Relaxation responses were obtained to b-adrenoceptor agonists ...


Pharmacology Supplement, Ahmed Mustafa, Ellioott Blumenthal 2009 Indiana University Purdue University Fort Wayne

Pharmacology Supplement, Ahmed Mustafa, Ellioott Blumenthal

Ahmed Mustafa Dr.

No abstract provided.


Liver Fibrosis Causes Downregulation Of Mirna-150 And Mirna-194 In Hepatic Stellate Cells, And Their Overexpression Causes Decreased Stellate Cell Activation., Jian Wu, M Zern 2009 University of California, Davis

Liver Fibrosis Causes Downregulation Of Mirna-150 And Mirna-194 In Hepatic Stellate Cells, And Their Overexpression Causes Decreased Stellate Cell Activation., Jian Wu, M Zern

jian duan wu

Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) results in their proliferation and in the secretion of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, which leads to hepatic fibrosis. microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to regulate various cell functions, such as proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Hence, we have analyzed the miRNAs that were differentially expressed in HSC isolated from sham-operated and bile duct-ligated rats. Expression of two miRNAs, miRNA-150 and miRNA-194, was reduced in HSC isolated from fibrotic rats compared with sham-operated animals. These two miRNAs were overexpressed in LX-2 cells, and their ability to inhibit cell proliferation, the expression of smooth muscle alpha-actin (SMA ...


Persistent Suicide Risk In Clinically Improved Schizophrenia Patients: Challenge Of The Suicidal Dimension, Amresh Shrivastava, Megan Johnston, Nilesh Shah, Marco Innamorati, Larry Stitt, Meghana Thakar, David Lester, Maurizio Pompili 2009 The University of Western Ontario

Persistent Suicide Risk In Clinically Improved Schizophrenia Patients: Challenge Of The Suicidal Dimension, Amresh Shrivastava, Megan Johnston, Nilesh Shah, Marco Innamorati, Larry Stitt, Meghana Thakar, David Lester, Maurizio Pompili

Amresh Srivastava

BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major problem in schizophrenia, estimated to affect 9%-13% of patients. About 25% of schizophrenic patients make at least one suicide attempt in their lifetime. Current outcome measures do not address this problem, even though it affects quality of life and patient safety. The aim of this study was to assess suicidality in long-term clinically improved schizophrenia patients who were treated in a nongovernmental psychiatric treatment centre in Mumbai, India.

METHOD: Participants were 61 patients out of 200 consecutive hospitalized first-episode patients with schizophrenia diagnosed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders who ...


Talking With Clients About Evidence, Tammy Hoffmann, Leigh Tooth 2009 University of Queensland

Talking With Clients About Evidence, Tammy Hoffmann, Leigh Tooth

Tammy Hoffmann

Inter-professional education that begins in undergraduate or graduate-entry programs has been accepted by universities as a proven method for fostering collaborative practice among health professionals yet there are few truly multidisciplinary books about evidence-based practice that meet the needs of undergraduate and postgraduate students enrolled in inter-professional courses.

Evidence-based Practice across the Health Professions is designed to meet this need. It provides the reader with an excellent foundation in the knowledge and skills necessary to perform and understand the implications of evidence-based practice within a healthcare environment. It discusses the critical role of clinical reasoning and includes a range of ...


Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies: Diagnostic Criteria, Classification And Epidemiological Features., S Cox, V Limaye, Catherine Hill, P Blumbergs, P Roberts-Thomson 2009 Government of South Australia, SA Health

Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies: Diagnostic Criteria, Classification And Epidemiological Features., S Cox, V Limaye, Catherine Hill, P Blumbergs, P Roberts-Thomson

Catherine Hill

Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are a group of rare autoimmune disorders characterized by muscle inflammation and progressive weakness. The cause of IIM is unclear but it is believed that disease expression may be triggered by unknown factors in genetically predisposed individuals. Diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical, laboratory and electromyography findings. Muscle biopsy is the definitive diagnostic test. Research into IIM has been limited by the rarity of the disease, a somewhat insidious onset, difficulties with classification and diagnostic methods and heterogeneous study populations making cross-study evaluations difficult. This paper reviews the diagnostic and classification criteria of the ...


Evidence About Effects Of Interventions, Sally Bennett, Tammy Hoffmann 2009 University of Queensland

Evidence About Effects Of Interventions, Sally Bennett, Tammy Hoffmann

Tammy Hoffmann

Extract: This chapter is an accompaniment to the previous chapter (Chapter 4) in which you learnt how to critically appraise evidence about the effects of interventions. In order to further illustrate the key points from Chapter 4, this chapter contains a number of worked examples of questions about the effects of interventions. As we mentioned in the preface of the book, we believe that it can be easier to learn the process of critical appraisal when you see some worked examples of how it is done, and it is even better when the examples are from your own health profession ...


Esophageal Dysfunction In Four Alpaca Crias And A Llama Cria With Vascular Ring Anomalies., E. McKenzie, B. Sequin, C. Cebra, M. Margiocco, David Anderson, C. Löhr 2009 Kansas State University

Esophageal Dysfunction In Four Alpaca Crias And A Llama Cria With Vascular Ring Anomalies., E. Mckenzie, B. Sequin, C. Cebra, M. Margiocco, David Anderson, C. Löhr

David Edgar Anderson, DVM, MS, DACVS

CASE DESCRIPTION: 3 alpaca crias and cadavers of an alpaca cria and a llama cria were evaluated for evidence of esophageal dysfunction. CLINICAL FINDINGS: All 5 crias were between 3 and 5 months of age when clinical signs developed, and all had a thin body condition when examined. Clinical signs included coughing, regurgitation, and grossly visible esophageal peristaltic waves. A barium esophagram was used to diagnose esophageal obstruction, megaesophagus, and a vascular ring anomaly (VRA). Fluoroscopy was used to evaluate deglutition, esophageal peristalsis, and the extent of esophageal dilation in 1 alpaca cria. A persistent right aortic arch was identified ...


The ‘Isms’Wars: Reflections On Philosophical Models In Health Care And Chiropractic., Dennis Richards 2009 Richards Chiropractic

The ‘Isms’Wars: Reflections On Philosophical Models In Health Care And Chiropractic., Dennis Richards

Dennis M Richards

This paper is based on a presentation made at the Macquarie University’s Department of Chiropractic Advisory Board’s Quo Vadis? Forum on the Teaching and Learning of Chiropractic Principles and Philosophy at Macquarie, held on May 8, 2010 on the Macquarie campus.


Oestrogens For Treatment Or Prevention Of Pelvic Organ Prolapse In Postmenopausal Women, Sharif Ismail, Christine Bain, Suzanne Hagen 2009 Glasgow Caledonian University

Oestrogens For Treatment Or Prevention Of Pelvic Organ Prolapse In Postmenopausal Women, Sharif Ismail, Christine Bain, Suzanne Hagen

Professor Suzanne Hagen

Pelvic organ prolapse is common and can be detected in up to 50% of parous women although many are asymptomatic. Oestrogen preparations are used to improve vaginal thinning (atrophy). It is possible that oestrogens, alone or in conjunction with other interventions, might prevent or assist in the management of pelvic organ prolapse, for example by improving the strength of weakened supporting structures. The aim was to determine the effects of oestrogens or drugs with oestrogenic effects alone, or in conjunction with other treatments, both for prevention and treatment of pelvic organ prolapse. We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Register ...


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