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An Evaluation Of A Public Health Nutrition Workforce Development Intervention For The Nutrition And Dietetics Workforce, Claire Palmero, Roger Hughes, Louise McCall 2009 Selected Works

An Evaluation Of A Public Health Nutrition Workforce Development Intervention For The Nutrition And Dietetics Workforce, Claire Palmero, Roger Hughes, Louise Mccall

Roger Hughes

No abstract provided.


Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome Caused By Aphanomyces Invadans In Captive Bullseye Snakehead Channa Marulius Collected From South Florida, Usa., R. Saylor, Debra Miller, M. Vandersea, M. Bevelhimer, P. Schofield, W. Bennett 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome Caused By Aphanomyces Invadans In Captive Bullseye Snakehead Channa Marulius Collected From South Florida, Usa., R. Saylor, Debra Miller, M. Vandersea, M. Bevelhimer, P. Schofield, W. Bennett

Debra L Miller

Epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) caused by the oomycete Aphanomyces invadans is an invasive, opportunistic disease of both freshwater and estuarine fishes. Originally documented as the cause of mycotic granulomatosis of ornamental fishes in Japan and as the cause of EUS of fishes in southeast Asia and Australia, this pathogen is also present in estuaries and freshwater bodies of the Atlantic and gulf coasts of the USA. We describe a mass mortality event of 343 captive juvenile bullseye snakehead Channa marulius collected from freshwater canals in Miami-Dade County, Florida. Clinical signs appeared within the first 2 d of captivity and included ...


Universal Screening For Meticillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus: Interim Results From The Nhs Scotland Pathfinder Project, Jacqui Reilly, S Stewart, P Christie, G Allardice, A Smith, R Masterton, I Gould, C Williams, P Christie 2009 Glasgow Caledonian University

Universal Screening For Meticillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus: Interim Results From The Nhs Scotland Pathfinder Project, Jacqui Reilly, S Stewart, P Christie, G Allardice, A Smith, R Masterton, I Gould, C Williams, P Christie

Professor Jacqui Reilly

No abstract provided.


The Beta3-Adrenoceptor Mediates The Inhibitory Effects Of Beta-Adrenoceptor Agonists Via The Urothelium In Pig Bladder Dome, Koichi Masunaga, Christopher Chapple, Neil McKay, Masaki Yoshida, Donna Sellers 2009 Selected Works

The Beta3-Adrenoceptor Mediates The Inhibitory Effects Of Beta-Adrenoceptor Agonists Via The Urothelium In Pig Bladder Dome, Koichi Masunaga, Christopher Chapple, Neil Mckay, Masaki Yoshida, Donna Sellers

Donna Sellers

Aims: Relaxation of detrusor muscle via b-adrenoceptors may contribute to urine storage during bladder filling. Thus there is increasing interest in b-adrenoceptor agonists as a potential treatment for detrusor overactivity. The role of the urothelium in bladder responses to b-adrenoceptor agonists is not yet clear, although we have shown that these agonists have a greater inhibitory effect on detrusor contraction when the urothelium is intact. The aim was to determine which b-adrenoceptor subtype is involved in this effect.

Methods: Paired strips of pig bladder dome mucosa-intact and mucosa-denuded, were mounted in tissue baths. Relaxation responses were obtained to b-adrenoceptor agonists ...


Pharmacology Supplement, Ahmed Mustafa, Ellioott Blumenthal 2009 Indiana University Purdue University Fort Wayne

Pharmacology Supplement, Ahmed Mustafa, Ellioott Blumenthal

Ahmed Mustafa Dr.

No abstract provided.


Liver Fibrosis Causes Downregulation Of Mirna-150 And Mirna-194 In Hepatic Stellate Cells, And Their Overexpression Causes Decreased Stellate Cell Activation., Jian Wu, M Zern 2009 University of California, Davis

Liver Fibrosis Causes Downregulation Of Mirna-150 And Mirna-194 In Hepatic Stellate Cells, And Their Overexpression Causes Decreased Stellate Cell Activation., Jian Wu, M Zern

jian duan wu

Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) results in their proliferation and in the secretion of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, which leads to hepatic fibrosis. microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to regulate various cell functions, such as proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Hence, we have analyzed the miRNAs that were differentially expressed in HSC isolated from sham-operated and bile duct-ligated rats. Expression of two miRNAs, miRNA-150 and miRNA-194, was reduced in HSC isolated from fibrotic rats compared with sham-operated animals. These two miRNAs were overexpressed in LX-2 cells, and their ability to inhibit cell proliferation, the expression of smooth muscle alpha-actin (SMA ...


Persistent Suicide Risk In Clinically Improved Schizophrenia Patients: Challenge Of The Suicidal Dimension, Amresh Shrivastava, Megan Johnston, Nilesh Shah, Marco Innamorati, Larry Stitt, Meghana Thakar, David Lester, Maurizio Pompili 2009 The University of Western Ontario

Persistent Suicide Risk In Clinically Improved Schizophrenia Patients: Challenge Of The Suicidal Dimension, Amresh Shrivastava, Megan Johnston, Nilesh Shah, Marco Innamorati, Larry Stitt, Meghana Thakar, David Lester, Maurizio Pompili

Amresh Srivastava

BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major problem in schizophrenia, estimated to affect 9%-13% of patients. About 25% of schizophrenic patients make at least one suicide attempt in their lifetime. Current outcome measures do not address this problem, even though it affects quality of life and patient safety. The aim of this study was to assess suicidality in long-term clinically improved schizophrenia patients who were treated in a nongovernmental psychiatric treatment centre in Mumbai, India.

METHOD: Participants were 61 patients out of 200 consecutive hospitalized first-episode patients with schizophrenia diagnosed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders who ...


Talking With Clients About Evidence, Tammy Hoffmann, Leigh Tooth 2009 University of Queensland

Talking With Clients About Evidence, Tammy Hoffmann, Leigh Tooth

Tammy Hoffmann

Inter-professional education that begins in undergraduate or graduate-entry programs has been accepted by universities as a proven method for fostering collaborative practice among health professionals yet there are few truly multidisciplinary books about evidence-based practice that meet the needs of undergraduate and postgraduate students enrolled in inter-professional courses.

Evidence-based Practice across the Health Professions is designed to meet this need. It provides the reader with an excellent foundation in the knowledge and skills necessary to perform and understand the implications of evidence-based practice within a healthcare environment. It discusses the critical role of clinical reasoning and includes a range of ...


Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies: Diagnostic Criteria, Classification And Epidemiological Features., S Cox, V Limaye, Catherine Hill, P Blumbergs, P Roberts-Thomson 2009 Government of South Australia, SA Health

Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies: Diagnostic Criteria, Classification And Epidemiological Features., S Cox, V Limaye, Catherine Hill, P Blumbergs, P Roberts-Thomson

Catherine Hill

Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are a group of rare autoimmune disorders characterized by muscle inflammation and progressive weakness. The cause of IIM is unclear but it is believed that disease expression may be triggered by unknown factors in genetically predisposed individuals. Diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical, laboratory and electromyography findings. Muscle biopsy is the definitive diagnostic test. Research into IIM has been limited by the rarity of the disease, a somewhat insidious onset, difficulties with classification and diagnostic methods and heterogeneous study populations making cross-study evaluations difficult. This paper reviews the diagnostic and classification criteria of the ...


Evidence About Effects Of Interventions, Sally Bennett, Tammy Hoffmann 2009 University of Queensland

Evidence About Effects Of Interventions, Sally Bennett, Tammy Hoffmann

Tammy Hoffmann

Extract: This chapter is an accompaniment to the previous chapter (Chapter 4) in which you learnt how to critically appraise evidence about the effects of interventions. In order to further illustrate the key points from Chapter 4, this chapter contains a number of worked examples of questions about the effects of interventions. As we mentioned in the preface of the book, we believe that it can be easier to learn the process of critical appraisal when you see some worked examples of how it is done, and it is even better when the examples are from your own health profession ...


Esophageal Dysfunction In Four Alpaca Crias And A Llama Cria With Vascular Ring Anomalies., E. McKenzie, B. Sequin, C. Cebra, M. Margiocco, David Anderson, C. Löhr 2009 Kansas State University

Esophageal Dysfunction In Four Alpaca Crias And A Llama Cria With Vascular Ring Anomalies., E. Mckenzie, B. Sequin, C. Cebra, M. Margiocco, David Anderson, C. Löhr

David Edgar Anderson, DVM, MS, DACVS

CASE DESCRIPTION: 3 alpaca crias and cadavers of an alpaca cria and a llama cria were evaluated for evidence of esophageal dysfunction. CLINICAL FINDINGS: All 5 crias were between 3 and 5 months of age when clinical signs developed, and all had a thin body condition when examined. Clinical signs included coughing, regurgitation, and grossly visible esophageal peristaltic waves. A barium esophagram was used to diagnose esophageal obstruction, megaesophagus, and a vascular ring anomaly (VRA). Fluoroscopy was used to evaluate deglutition, esophageal peristalsis, and the extent of esophageal dilation in 1 alpaca cria. A persistent right aortic arch was identified ...


The ‘Isms’Wars: Reflections On Philosophical Models In Health Care And Chiropractic., Dennis Richards 2009 Richards Chiropractic

The ‘Isms’Wars: Reflections On Philosophical Models In Health Care And Chiropractic., Dennis Richards

Dennis M Richards

This paper is based on a presentation made at the Macquarie University’s Department of Chiropractic Advisory Board’s Quo Vadis? Forum on the Teaching and Learning of Chiropractic Principles and Philosophy at Macquarie, held on May 8, 2010 on the Macquarie campus.


Oestrogens For Treatment Or Prevention Of Pelvic Organ Prolapse In Postmenopausal Women, Sharif Ismail, Christine Bain, Suzanne Hagen 2009 Glasgow Caledonian University

Oestrogens For Treatment Or Prevention Of Pelvic Organ Prolapse In Postmenopausal Women, Sharif Ismail, Christine Bain, Suzanne Hagen

Professor Suzanne Hagen

Pelvic organ prolapse is common and can be detected in up to 50% of parous women although many are asymptomatic. Oestrogen preparations are used to improve vaginal thinning (atrophy). It is possible that oestrogens, alone or in conjunction with other interventions, might prevent or assist in the management of pelvic organ prolapse, for example by improving the strength of weakened supporting structures. The aim was to determine the effects of oestrogens or drugs with oestrogenic effects alone, or in conjunction with other treatments, both for prevention and treatment of pelvic organ prolapse. We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Register ...


Haematopoietic Stem Cells In Spleen Have Distinct Differentiative Potential For Antigen Presenting Cells., Jonathan Tan, Helen O'Neill 2009 Australian National University

Haematopoietic Stem Cells In Spleen Have Distinct Differentiative Potential For Antigen Presenting Cells., Jonathan Tan, Helen O'Neill

Helen O'Neill

Dendritic cells (DC) are known to develop from macrophage dendritic progenitors (MDP) in bone marrow (BM), which give rise to conventional (c)DC and monocytes, both dominant antigen presenting cell (APC) subsets in spleen. This laboratory has however defined a distinct dendritic-like cell subset in spleen (L-DC), which can also be derived in long-term cultures of spleen. In line with the restricted in vitro development of only L-DC in these stromal cultures, we questioned whether self-renewing HSC or progenitors exist in spleen with restricted differentiative capacity for only L-DC. Neonatal spleen and BM were compared for their ability to reconstitute ...


Effects Of Domperidone On Digital Laminar Microvascular Blood Flow In Clinically Normal Adult Horses, Jose Castro, Henry Adair, III, SV Radecki, VR Kiefer, SB Elliot, SL Longhofer 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Effects Of Domperidone On Digital Laminar Microvascular Blood Flow In Clinically Normal Adult Horses, Jose Castro, Henry Adair, Iii, Sv Radecki, Vr Kiefer, Sb Elliot, Sl Longhofer

Henry S. Adair, III MS, DVM, DACVS

OBJECTIVE: To determine effects of domperidone and acepromazine maleate on microvascular blood flow in digital laminae of clinically normal adult horses. ANIMALS: 8 clinically normal adult horses (4 mares and 4 geldings). PROCEDURES: In a 4-period crossover study, domperidone was administered PO at 1.1 mg/ kg and 5.5 mg/kg and IV at 0.2 mg/kg; acepromazine was administered IV at 0.04 mg/kg. The washout period between treatments was 1 week. A 3-minute measurement of laminar microvascular blood flow (LMBF) was obtained with laser Doppler flowmetry. Baseline measurements were obtained at -2, -1, and 0 ...


Digital Gods: The Making Of A Medical Fact For Rural Diagnostic Software, Payal Arora 2009 Selected Works

Digital Gods: The Making Of A Medical Fact For Rural Diagnostic Software, Payal Arora

Payal Arora

The chronic shortage of doctors in rural India seriously impacts the quality of health care available to villagers. In recent years, there has been considerable excitement in digital diagnostics as a possible answer to this situation by allowing non-doctors to diagnose and treat patients. In this article, the author focuses on one such diagnostic tool that has gained serious traction among transnational health foundations and state governments alike. The focus is on the customization and localization of this software through a pilot study in central Himalayas. A baseline survey and extensive interviews are conducted for categorization and population of health ...


Medicare’S Bundled Reimbursement Policy For Patients With End-Stage Renal Disease, Lisa Lines 2009 RTI International

Medicare’S Bundled Reimbursement Policy For Patients With End-Stage Renal Disease, Lisa Lines

Lisa M. Lines

No abstract provided.


Gingival Osteogenic Melanoma In Two Dogs., A. Ellis, B. Harmon, Debra Miller, N. Northup, K. Latimer, E. Uhl 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Gingival Osteogenic Melanoma In Two Dogs., A. Ellis, B. Harmon, Debra Miller, N. Northup, K. Latimer, E. Uhl

Debra L Miller

Osteogenic melanoma is a rare variant of metaplastic malignant melanoma in human medicine and appears to be a similarly rare variant in dogs. Two dogs with oral malignant melanoma with neoplastic bone formation are reported in this study. Both tumors were characterized by malignant melanocytes that transitioned into neoplastic bone at the deep margins of the neoplasm. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed S100- and Melan-A-positive neoplastic cells adjacent to, and occasionally embedded within, an osteoid and chondroblastic matrix. Scattered clusters of neoplastic cells were also positive for osteocalcin. The findings indicate that in dogs, as in humans, neoplastic melanocytes have metaplastic potential ...


Robust Surface Reconstruction Via Laplace-Beltrami Eigen-Projection And Boundary Deformation, Ivo Dinov 2009 University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

Robust Surface Reconstruction Via Laplace-Beltrami Eigen-Projection And Boundary Deformation, Ivo Dinov

Ivo D Dinov

In medical shape analysis, a critical problem is reconstructing a smooth surface of correct topology from a binary mask that typically has spurious features due to segmentation artifacts. The challenge is the robust removal of these outliers without affecting the accuracy of other parts of the boundary. In this paper, we propose a novel approach for this problem based on the Laplace-Beltrami (LB) eigen-projection and properly designed boundary deformations. Using the metric distortion during the LB eigen-projection, our method automatically detects the location of outliers and feeds this information to a well-composed and topology-preserving deformation. By iterating between these two ...


A Journey With A Clear Destination: Environmental Health Research, R. Konkel, David Evans, M. Mulcahy 2009 Eastern Kentucky University

A Journey With A Clear Destination: Environmental Health Research, R. Konkel, David Evans, M. Mulcahy

Steve Konkel

Research is vital if we are to improve the health of the population on the island of Ireland and provide better qualtiy and access to services. Yet all too often, research can be a neglected and overlooked component of evironmental health.


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