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The Clinical Utility Of A Mindfulness-Based Intervention Program In Reducing Problematic Behaviors And The Manifestation Of Psychological Symptoms In Adolescents, Brie Petrie 2010 Pacific University

The Clinical Utility Of A Mindfulness-Based Intervention Program In Reducing Problematic Behaviors And The Manifestation Of Psychological Symptoms In Adolescents, Brie Petrie

School of Graduate Psychology

This study examined whether the implementation of a mindfulness-based group intervention program would lead to a reduction in self-reported psychological symptoms and problematic behaviors for adolescents in a residential treatment facility.

Thirteen adolescent residents participated in an eight-week mindfulness-based group intervention program. Participants were divided into two groups based upon pre-treatment scores on measures of anxiety and anger. The group intervention sessions included discussion and practice of the concepts and teachings of mindfulness.

An analysis of post-treatment data showed a decrease in anxiety for more symptomatic participants and an increase in anxiety for less symptomatic participants. Changes regarding anger and ...


A Study Of Online Bariatric Support Groups And Their Participants, Sofia Shepsis 2010 Pacific University

A Study Of Online Bariatric Support Groups And Their Participants, Sofia Shepsis

School of Graduate Psychology

Obesity affects physical and psychological health and impacts society (Ogden et al., 2006). Internet bariatric support groups may help in weight loss and are largely unexplored (Wing & Hill, 2001). This pilot study aimed at describing such groups. Twenty two members of internet bariatric support groups completed a survey. Information on demographics, weight loss, support group and psychological comorbidities was gathered. Quality of life (QOL) was measured using the World Health Organization Quality of Life Index (WHOQOL group, 1996). Results indicate differences in QOL and psychological co-morbidities by age, gender, experience with weight loss and surgery and group structure. Larger samples ...


Impact Of Insurance Status On Migraine Care In The United States, Andrew Wilper, Steffie Woolhandler, David U. Himmelstein, Rachel Nardin 2010 United States Department of Veterans Affairs

Impact Of Insurance Status On Migraine Care In The United States, Andrew Wilper, Steffie Woolhandler, David U. Himmelstein, Rachel Nardin

Publications and Research

Objective
To determine whether insurance status is associated with differential outpatient treatment of migraine in the United States.

Methods
We analyzed 11 years of data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (1997–2007), which survey patient visits to doctors’ offices, hospital outpatient departments, and emergency departments (EDs) in the United States. We used logistic regression to determine whether insurance status was associated with the prescription of standard migraine therapy, defined as 1) a triptan or dihydroergotamine and 2) a prophylactic agent.

Results
We identified 6,814 individual patient visits for migraine, representing ...


A Toolkit For Rapid Gene Mapping In The Nematode Caenorhabditis Briggsae, Daniel C. Koboldt, Julia E. Staisch, Bavithra Thillainathan, Karen Haines, Scott Everet Baird, Helen M. Chamberlin, Eric S. Haag, Raymond D. Miller, Bhagwati P. Gupta 2010 Wright State University - Main Campus

A Toolkit For Rapid Gene Mapping In The Nematode Caenorhabditis Briggsae, Daniel C. Koboldt, Julia E. Staisch, Bavithra Thillainathan, Karen Haines, Scott Everet Baird, Helen M. Chamberlin, Eric S. Haag, Raymond D. Miller, Bhagwati P. Gupta

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

Background

The nematode C. briggsae serves as a useful model organism for comparative analysis of developmental and behavioral processes. The amenability of C. briggsae to genetic manipulations and the availability of its genome sequence have prompted researchers to study evolutionary changes in gene function and signaling pathways. These studies rely on the availability of forward genetic tools such as mutants and mapping markers.

Results

We have computationally identified more than 30,000 polymorphisms (SNPs and indels) in C. briggsae strains AF16 and HK104. These include 1,363 SNPs that change restriction enzyme recognition sites (snip-SNPs) and 638 indels that range ...


Front Matter, Vol. 70 No. 1, 2010 Brigham Young University

Front Matter, Vol. 70 No. 1

Western North American Naturalist

No abstract provided.


End Matter, Vol. 70 No. 1, 2010 Brigham Young University

End Matter, Vol. 70 No. 1

Western North American Naturalist

No abstract provided.


History Of The Iowa Public Health Association 1891-2010, Chris A. Childs, Ronald D. Eckoff 2010 University of Iowa

History Of The Iowa Public Health Association 1891-2010, Chris A. Childs, Ronald D. Eckoff

University of Iowa Libraries Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Learning Bridge: Curricular Integration Of Didactic And Experiential Education, Reza Karimi, Cassandra S. Arendt, Pauline Cawley, Amber V. Buhler, Fawzy Elbarbry, Sigrid C. Roberts 2010 Pacific University

Learning Bridge: Curricular Integration Of Didactic And Experiential Education, Reza Karimi, Cassandra S. Arendt, Pauline Cawley, Amber V. Buhler, Fawzy Elbarbry, Sigrid C. Roberts

Faculty Scholarship (PHRM)

Objectives. To assess the impact of a program to integrate introductory pharmacy practice experiences with pharmaceutical science topics by promoting active learning, self-directed learning skills, and critical-thinking skills.
Design. The Learning Bridge, a curriculum program, was created to better integrate the material first-year (P1) students learned in pharmaceutical science courses into their introductory pharmacy practice experiences. Four Learning Bridge assignments required students to interact with their preceptors and answer questions relating to the pharmaceutical science material concurrently covered in their didactic courses.
Assessment. Surveys of students and preceptors were conducted to measure the effectiveness of the Learning Bridge process. Feedback ...


Evaluation Of The Respironics Bipap® Auto Sv And Resmed Vpap Adapt Sv To Lung Simulator Generated Central And Obstructive Sleep Apneic Episodes., Grant Drake, Dawn Alverson 2010 Department of Respiratory Care, Boise State University

Evaluation Of The Respironics Bipap® Auto Sv And Resmed Vpap Adapt Sv To Lung Simulator Generated Central And Obstructive Sleep Apneic Episodes., Grant Drake, Dawn Alverson

College of Health Sciences Poster Presentations

Background: Recent developments in non-invasive positive pressure ventilation have led to the production of adaptive servo-ventilation devices that examine an individual’s breathing characteristics and adjust pressure levels via a product specific algorithm. We evaluated two adaptive servo-ventilation devices, the Respironics BiPAP® auto SV™ and ResMed VPAP™ Adapt SV to lung simulator generated central and obstructive sleep apneic episodes.

Methods: Each system was adjusted to the following settings: EPAP minimum 4 cmH2O, IPAP maximum 15 cmH2O, adaptive modes, 15 breaths per minute. Each system was tested using its own brand of ventilation circuit and face mask (Respironics Comfort Gel ™Full ...


The Relationship Between Dieting History And Diet-Related Cognitive Schemata, Anna R. Walton 2010 Pacific University

The Relationship Between Dieting History And Diet-Related Cognitive Schemata, Anna R. Walton

School of Graduate Psychology

Although diets are currently the primary treatment for obesity, there are many psychological and physiological barriers to weight loss and maintenance, including the lack of reinforcement one obtains from dietary restriction. The purpose of this study is to investigate the hypothesis that a more extensive dieting history is correlated with more negative thoughts, or schemata, about diets. One hundred fifty participants, including current dieters (28), past dieters (61), and non-dieters (61) took a survey that included questions about dieting history, the Revised Restraint Scale, the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), and the Diet Schemata Questionnaire. Correlations and one-way analyses of variance ...


Bowling Green, Kentucky - Death Records, 1877-1913 (Mss 293), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2010 Western Kentucky University

Bowling Green, Kentucky - Death Records, 1877-1913 (Mss 293), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and copy of a "Death Return" (click on Additional File below) for Manuscripts Collection 293. Physician's death certificates and undertaker's certificates relating to permits for burials wihin the City of Bowling Green, Kentucky. Includes information on the deceased's date and cause of death, age, race, marital status, place of birth, residence, and date and place of intended interment. May include other documentation when a death occurred outside Warren County, Kentucky.


Hiv-1 Subtype C-Infected Individuals Maintaining High Viral Load As Potential Targets For The ‘‘Test-And-Treat’’ Approach To Reduce Hiv Transmission, Vladimir Novitsky, Rui Wang, Hermann Bussmann, Shahin Lockman, Marianna K. Baum, Roger Shapiro, Ibou Thior, Carolyn Wester, C. William Wester, Anthony Ogwu, Aida Asmelash, Rosemary Musonda, Adriana Campa, Sikhulile Moyo, Erik van Widenfelt, Madisa Mine, Claire Moffat, Mompati Mmalane, Joseph Makhema, Richard Marlink, Peter Gilbert, George R. Seage III, Victor DeGruttola, M. Essex 2010 Harvard University; Botswana-Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership

Hiv-1 Subtype C-Infected Individuals Maintaining High Viral Load As Potential Targets For The ‘‘Test-And-Treat’’ Approach To Reduce Hiv Transmission, Vladimir Novitsky, Rui Wang, Hermann Bussmann, Shahin Lockman, Marianna K. Baum, Roger Shapiro, Ibou Thior, Carolyn Wester, C. William Wester, Anthony Ogwu, Aida Asmelash, Rosemary Musonda, Adriana Campa, Sikhulile Moyo, Erik Van Widenfelt, Madisa Mine, Claire Moffat, Mompati Mmalane, Joseph Makhema, Richard Marlink, Peter Gilbert, George R. Seage Iii, Victor Degruttola, M. Essex

Department of Dietetics and Nutrition

The first aim of the study is to assess the distribution of HIV-1 RNA levels in subtype C infection. Among 4,348 drug-naı¨ve HIV-positive individuals participating in clinical studies in Botswana, the median baseline plasma HIV-1 RNA levels differed between the general population cohorts (4.1–4.2 log10) and cART-initiating cohorts (5.1–5.3 log10) by about one log10. The proportion of individuals with high ($50,000 (4.7 log10) copies/ml) HIV-1 RNA levels ranged from 24%–28% in the general HIV-positive population cohorts to 65%–83% in cART-initiating cohorts. The second aim is to estimate ...


Modulation Of Cocaine-Like Behavioural Activity By Serotonin Uptake Inhibition Relative To The Effects Of The Novel And Selective Dopamine Transporter Inhibitor, D-84, Angela Batman 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

Modulation Of Cocaine-Like Behavioural Activity By Serotonin Uptake Inhibition Relative To The Effects Of The Novel And Selective Dopamine Transporter Inhibitor, D-84, Angela Batman

Theses and Dissertations

Cocaine dependence is a major health concern worldwide, but despite this high rate of abuse there are currently no approved therapies for cocaine dependence. Replacement pharmacotherapies are one possible approach for treating cocaine dependence, and identification of such therapeutics for cocaine abuse is the long-term goal of this research. Cocaine binds to, and inhibits uptake at the dopamine (DAT), serotonergic (SERT) and noradrenaline (NET) uptake transporters, but studies have shown that cocaine produces its strong behavioural and positive reinforcing effects through inhibition of the DAT. To this end a great number of diverse, non-selective DAT-inhibiting compounds have been investigated as ...


Risk Factors For Childhood Immunization Incompletion In Ethiopia, Sharmily G. Roy 2010 Georgia State University

Risk Factors For Childhood Immunization Incompletion In Ethiopia, Sharmily G. Roy

Public Health Theses

BACKGROUND: The under-5 mortality rate in Ethiopia is 118/1000. A child in Ethiopia is 30 times more likely to die before age 5 than a child in Western Europe. Children are the most vulnerable segment of the population, but many of the ailments that cause death in this population can be avoided by completion of routine childhood vaccination.

METHODS: Data regarding child health from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), a periodic cross-sectional survey administered at the household level was utilized in this study. Data from 8,905 mothers of living children between 0-5 years of age was included ...


The Role Of Reflective Practice In Case Management, Sonya Brownie 2010 Southern Cross University

The Role Of Reflective Practice In Case Management, Sonya Brownie

Dr Sonya Brownie

Points out that reflective activity can be obtained through refinement of the process of meaningfully recalling clinical events. Clinical journal keeping; Five steps to follow in starting a clinical journal; Importance of skills in self awareness, critical analysis and integration of current knowledge into improved clinical strategies.


Health Behavior Models: Their Role In Clinical Practice, Sonya Brownie 2010 Southern Cross University

Health Behavior Models: Their Role In Clinical Practice, Sonya Brownie

Dr Sonya Brownie

INTRODUCTION The complexities of human behavior have for a long time intrigued and perplexed researchers from various academic disciplines, including philosophy, sociology, psychology, and more recently, medicine. This quest to better understand human behavior, particularly in relation to health-orientated action, has given rise to a number of theories that are collectively referred to as “health behavior models.” These models provide a conceptual framework for explaining attitudes and actions toward health-related activities, and offer insights into how and why individuals modify behavior. The long-term success of most health interventions is usually contingent on the extent to which individuals are willing to ...


Physical Function During Performance-Based Tasks And Throughout Daily Life. Is It Different Across Levels Of Frailty?, Olga Theou 2010 The University of Western Ontario

Physical Function During Performance-Based Tasks And Throughout Daily Life. Is It Different Across Levels Of Frailty?, Olga Theou

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The overall aim of this thesis was to provide a more focused understanding about the physical function of older women across levels of frailty. The specific aims were: 1) Examine the physical function of older women across levels of frailty during performance-based tasks and throughout their normal daily life; and 2) Review the effectiveness of current exercise interventions for the management of frailty. To answer these aims an observational study of community-dwelling older women (63-100 years) from rural Greece and a comprehensive systematic review on the impact of exercise on frail older adults were conducted. The performance-based measures that had ...


Religious Orientation And Political Participation, Anne Marquette, Carolyn Brown Kramer, Faculty Advisor 2010 Illinois Wesleyan University

Religious Orientation And Political Participation, Anne Marquette, Carolyn Brown Kramer, Faculty Advisor

John Wesley Powell Student Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Leadership In College: Students' Expectations And Values, Ryan Quinn, Jennifer Daniels, Faculty Advisor 2010 Illinois Wesleyan University

Leadership In College: Students' Expectations And Values, Ryan Quinn, Jennifer Daniels, Faculty Advisor

John Wesley Powell Student Research Conference

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Autism Disclosure On Coworker Attitudes, Kathleen Henegan, Linda Kunce, Faculty Advisor 2010 Illinois Wesleyan University

The Effects Of Autism Disclosure On Coworker Attitudes, Kathleen Henegan, Linda Kunce, Faculty Advisor

John Wesley Powell Student Research Conference

No abstract provided.


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