Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

128250 Full-Text Articles 203470 Authors 31713792 Downloads 372 Institutions

All Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Faceted Search

128250 full-text articles. Page 4144 of 4282.

Measurement Of C-Peptide Concentrations And Responses To Somatostatin, Glucose Infusion, And Insulin Resistance In Horses, F. Toth, N. Frank, Tomas Martin-Jimenez, S. Elliott, R. Geor, R. Boston 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Measurement Of C-Peptide Concentrations And Responses To Somatostatin, Glucose Infusion, And Insulin Resistance In Horses, F. Toth, N. Frank, Tomas Martin-Jimenez, S. Elliott, R. Geor, R. Boston

Tomás Martín-Jiménez

Reasons for performing study: Hyperinsulinaemia is detected in horses with insulin resistance (IR) and has previously been attributed to increased pancreatic insulin secretion. Connecting peptide (C-peptide) can be measured to assess pancreatic function because it is secreted in equimolar amounts with insulin and does not undergo hepatic clearance. Hypothesis: A human double antibody radioimmunoassay (RIA) detects C-peptide in equine serum and concentrations would reflect responses to different stimuli and conditions. Methods: A validation procedure was performed to assess the RIA. Six mature mares were selected and somatostatin administered i.v. as a primed continuous rate infusion, followed by 50 nmol ...


Effect Of A Motivational Group Intervention On Exercise Self-Efficacy And Outcome Expectations For Exercise In Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, lora beebe, kathleen smith, renee burk, Olivera Dessieux, dawn velligan, abbas Tavakoli, clif tennison 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Effect Of A Motivational Group Intervention On Exercise Self-Efficacy And Outcome Expectations For Exercise In Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, Lora Beebe, Kathleen Smith, Renee Burk, Olivera Dessieux, Dawn Velligan, Abbas Tavakoli, Clif Tennison

Lora Humphrey Beebe PhD, PMHNP-BC

BACKGROUND: Persons with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs) contend with multiple barriers to exercise. Interventions are needed to enhance attitudes theoretically linked to exercise behavior. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of Walk, Address Sensations, Learn About Exercise, Cue Exercise for SSDs (WALC-S) intervention on exercise self-efficacy (SEE) and outcome expectations (OEES) in 97 outpatients with SSDs. DESIGN: Experimental, pre- and posttest. Randomization to experimental (WALC-S) or time-and-attention control (TAC) after baseline SEE and OEES measures. Measures repeated after WALC-S or TAC. RESULTS: N = 97, 46% female, 43% African American, average age 46.9 years (SD = 2.0). Mean SEE scores were ...


Sailing The Stormy Seas: The Illness Experience Of Persons With Parkinson’S Disease, Melinda Hermanns 2010 University of Texas at Tyler

Sailing The Stormy Seas: The Illness Experience Of Persons With Parkinson’S Disease, Melinda Hermanns

Melinda Hermanns

Parkinson’s disease is a chronic, progressive disorder with no known cause or promising cure. While substantial information is known about the pathophysiology, little is known about the illness experience of living with the disease. A qualitative study using an ethnographic approach was conducted to provide a rich understanding of the illness experience. The illness experience was apprehended through field work in two support groups and the personal accounts of 14 participants with Parkinson’s disease. The metaphor, “Sailing the Sea in The Eye of the Storm,” is the overarching theme and was chosen to conceptualize the voyage of persons ...


Dispensing Rates Of Four Common Hearing Aid Product Features: Associations With Variations In Practice Among Audiologists., Earl E. Johnson Au.D., Ph.D., Todd A. Ricketts 2010 East Tennessee State University

Dispensing Rates Of Four Common Hearing Aid Product Features: Associations With Variations In Practice Among Audiologists., Earl E. Johnson Au.D., Ph.D., Todd A. Ricketts

Earl Johnson

The purpose of the study was to develop and examine a list of potential variables that may account for variability in the dispensing rates of four common hearing aid features. A total of 29 potential variables were identified and placed into the following categories: (1) characteristics of the audiologist, (2) characteristics of the hearing aids dispensed by the audiologist, (3) characteristics of the audiologist’s patient population, and (4) evidence-based practice grades of recommendation for each feature. The potentially associative variables then were examined using regression analyses from the responses of 257 audiologists to a dispensing practice survey. There was ...


Prevalence Of Various Human Papillomavirus (Hpv) Genotypes Among Women Who Subjected To Routine Pap Smear Test In Bushehr City (South West Of Iran) 2008-2009, Keivan Zandi 2010 University of Malaya

Prevalence Of Various Human Papillomavirus (Hpv) Genotypes Among Women Who Subjected To Routine Pap Smear Test In Bushehr City (South West Of Iran) 2008-2009, Keivan Zandi

Keivan Zandi

Background: Some genotypes of human papillomaviruses can infect the genital tract and they are important infectious agents which their oncogenicity is regardable. Thus the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of various genital human papillomaviruses (HPV) among women being subjected to routine pap smear test in Bushehr city of Iran. Results: Based on the collected data, 11(5.5%) samples were detected positive for HPV DNA and 189(94.5%) samples out of 200 samples were detected negative for HPV DNA. Meanwhile 4(2%) samples detected positive for HPV DNA by PCR were detected positive for HPV ...


Macrosomia Is The Only Reliable Predictor Of Shoulder Dystocia In Babies Weighing 3.5 Kg Or More, Siti Zawiah Omar 2010 Department of Obstetric and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA

Macrosomia Is The Only Reliable Predictor Of Shoulder Dystocia In Babies Weighing 3.5 Kg Or More, Siti Zawiah Omar

Siti Zawiah Omar

Objective: To determine if shoulder dystocia can be predicted in babies born weighing 3.5 kg or more. Study design: A case-control study nested in a perinatal database of 899 mothers and their babies who weighed 3.5 kg or more. All were term pregnancies and delivered vaginally. A case was defined as any baby that encountered shoulder dystocia at delivery. Controls were deliveries over the same period that were not complicated by shoulder dystocia. A logistic regression model was created with macrosomia, parity, previous delivery of more than 3.5 kg, diabetes in pregnancy, prolonged labor, prolonged second stage ...


The Evolution Of The Theoretical Foundations Of Punctuated Equilibrium Theory In Public Policy, Michael S. Givel 2010 University of Oklahoma, Norman

The Evolution Of The Theoretical Foundations Of Punctuated Equilibrium Theory In Public Policy, Michael S. Givel

Michael S. Givel

Punctuated equilibrium theory in public policy replicated from biological punctuated equilibrium theory has concluded that public policies alternate between stasis and punctuation. However, recent research on Pacific Northwest forest policy, U.S. state tobacco policy, and U.S federal auto efficiency policy have found no punctuations despite an attempt to do so. What is the efficacy of using biological punctuated equilibrium theory to also explain punctuated equilibrium in public policy? Significant differences exist between biological and public policy punctuated equilibrium theory including time frames for change, what constitutes outside disturbances of equilibrium, venues of punctuated equilibrium, levels of analysis for ...


Scar Less: A Review Of Methods Of Scar Reduction At Sites Of Peripheral Nerve Repair, W.C. Ngeow 2010 Univ. Malaya

Scar Less: A Review Of Methods Of Scar Reduction At Sites Of Peripheral Nerve Repair, W.C. Ngeow

Wei Cheong Ngeow

Scar formation is important for normal wound healing but proliferation of scar tissue from the epineurium in response to a nerve injury will result in impediment to the regenerating axons that need to traverse the repaired site. This article reviews the events that occur after peripheral nerve transection and the challenges that need to be addressed to reduce scarring in order to improve nerve regeneration. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2010; 109: 357-366)


The Coping Strategy Questionnaire, Allan Abbott 2010 Selected Works

The Coping Strategy Questionnaire, Allan Abbott

Allan D. Abbott

Extract:
General description: The coping strategy questionnaire (CSQ), (Rosenstiel & Keefe 1983) in its original version consists of 50 items assessing patient self rated use of cognitive and behavioural strategies to cope with pain. It comprises six subscales for cognitive strategies (ignoring pain, reinterpretation of pain, diverting attention, coping self statements, catastrophising, praying/hoping) and two subscales for behavioural strategies (increasing activity levels and increasing pain behaviours). Each coping strategy subscale consists of six items measured with a numerical rating scale ranging from 0 (never do that) to 6 (always do that) indicating how frequently the strategy is used to cope ...


The Relationship Between Mental Retardation And Developmental Delays In Children And The Levels Of Arsenic, Mercury And Lead In Soil Samples Taken Near Their Mother's Residence During Pregnancy, Yuan Liu, Suzanne McDermott, Andrew Lawson, C. Marjorie Aelion 2010 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

The Relationship Between Mental Retardation And Developmental Delays In Children And The Levels Of Arsenic, Mercury And Lead In Soil Samples Taken Near Their Mother's Residence During Pregnancy, Yuan Liu, Suzanne Mcdermott, Andrew Lawson, C. Marjorie Aelion

C. Marjorie Aelion

This study was designed to evaluate the association between lead, mercury, and arsenic in the soil near maternal residences during pregnancy and mental retardation or developmental disability (MR/DD) in children. The study was conducted using 6,048 mothers who did not move throughout their pregnancies and lived within six strips of land in South Carolina and were insured by Medicaid between January 1, 1997 and December 31, 2002. The mother child pairs were then followed until June 1, 2008, through their Medicaid reimbursement files, to identify children diagnosed with MR/DD. The soil was sampled for mercury (Hg), lead ...


Event Adjudication Changes Key Results In Open-Label Trials: The Affirm Experience, Elaine M. Nasco, April Slee, Kent M. Koprowicz, Robert G. Hart 2010 Axio Research

Event Adjudication Changes Key Results In Open-Label Trials: The Affirm Experience, Elaine M. Nasco, April Slee, Kent M. Koprowicz, Robert G. Hart

Kent M Koprowicz

Event Adjudication Changes Key Results in Open-Label Trials: The AFFIRM Experience Author Block: Elaine M. Nasco, April Slee, Kent Koprowicz, Robert G. Hart, Axio Research, LLC, Seattle, WA Abstract: Background: The value of central event adjudication of endpoints in multi-center randomized trials has recently been questioned. Methods: The NIH-sponsored Atrial Fibrillation Follow-up Investigation of Rhythm Management (AFFIRM) trial randomized 4,060 atrial fibrillation patients to antiarrhythmic drugs (rhythm control) vs. rate-controlling drugs, given open-label, at 213 clinical sites. While the primary outcome was mortality, a key secondary endpoint was ischemic stroke (IS), centrally adjudicated by those reviewing source documents from ...


Prevalence, Incidence, And Persistence Of Major Depressive Symptoms In The Cardiovascular Health Study, Stephen M. Thielke MD, MS, Paula Diehr PhD 2010 University of Washington

Prevalence, Incidence, And Persistence Of Major Depressive Symptoms In The Cardiovascular Health Study, Stephen M. Thielke Md, Ms, Paula Diehr Phd

Paula Diehr

PURPOSE: To explore the association of major depressive symptoms with advancing age, sex, and self-rated health among older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed 10 years of annual assessments in a longitudinal cohort of 5888 Medicare recipients in the Cardiovascular Health Study. Self-rated health was assessed with a single question, and subjects categorized as healthy or sick. Major depressive symptoms were assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Short Depression Scale, with subjects categorized as nondepressed (score < 10) or depressed (> or =10). Age-, sex-, and health-specific prevalence of depression and the probabilities of transition between depressed and nondepressed states were estimated. RESULTS: The ...


Special Edition Editorial. Inpatient Psychiatric Treatment: Moving The Science Forward, Kathleen Delaney, Mona Shattell 2010 Rush University

Special Edition Editorial. Inpatient Psychiatric Treatment: Moving The Science Forward, Kathleen Delaney, Mona Shattell

Mona Shattell

No abstract provided.


“Nurses’ Station” Or “Nursing Station”? How To Appropriately Describe Our Workspace In Acute Care, Ashley Jarrell, Mona Shattell 2010 DePaul University

“Nurses’ Station” Or “Nursing Station”? How To Appropriately Describe Our Workspace In Acute Care, Ashley Jarrell, Mona Shattell

Mona Shattell

No abstract provided.


A Law-Policy Proposal To Promote The Public Nature Of Science In An Era Of Academia-Industry Integration, Michael J. Malinowski 2010 Louisiana State Univ. Law Center

A Law-Policy Proposal To Promote The Public Nature Of Science In An Era Of Academia-Industry Integration, Michael J. Malinowski

Michael J. Malinowski

This article addresses the impact of integration of academia, industry, and government on the public nature of research. The article concludes that, while the integration has benefited science immensely, regulatory measures should be taken to restore the public nature of research in an age of integration.


Functional Generalized Linear Models With Images As Predictors, Philip T. Reiss, R. Todd Ogden 2010 New York University

Functional Generalized Linear Models With Images As Predictors, Philip T. Reiss, R. Todd Ogden

Philip T. Reiss

Functional principal component regression (FPCR) is a promising new method for regressing scalar outcomes on functional predictors. In this paper we present a theoretical justification for the use of principal components in functional regression. FPCR is then extended in two directions: from linear to the generalized linear modeling, and from univariate signal predictors to high-resolution image predictors. We show how to implement the method efficiently by adapting generalized additive model technology to the functional regression context. A technique is proposed for estimating simultaneous confidence bands for the coefficient function; in the neuroimaging setting, this yields a novel means to identify ...


Injection Of Botulinum Toxin Type A (Botox) Into Trigger Zone Of Trigeminal Neuralgia As A Means To Control Pain, W.C. Ngeow, R. Nair 2010 Univ. Malaya

Injection Of Botulinum Toxin Type A (Botox) Into Trigger Zone Of Trigeminal Neuralgia As A Means To Control Pain, W.C. Ngeow, R. Nair

Wei Cheong Ngeow

This article illustrates a case of persistent trigeminal neuralgia in a medically compromised 65-year-old female who did not respond to pharmacotherapy. She had undergone several peripheral neurectomies as well as a failed right posterior fossa exploration that resulted in a cerebrospinal fluid leak. Persistent pain over the right external nasal area and right mental region was relieved for several hours after daily injections of bupivacaine. A trial of a single dose of 100 units of botulinum toxin type A (BOTOX) diluted in 2.5 mL saline was injected into the external nasal trigger zone (60 units) and to the mental ...


Tummy Ache, Vomiting, Diarrhea, Oh My! Pediatric Gastroenteritis, Erik E. Langenau 2010 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Tummy Ache, Vomiting, Diarrhea, Oh My! Pediatric Gastroenteritis, Erik E. Langenau

Erik E. Langenau

A review of the incidence, recognition, and treatment of childhood Acute Gastroenteritis (AGE) in the United States.


Do People With Aphasia Want Written Information? A Verbal Survey Exploring Preferences For When And How To Provide Stroke And Aphasia Information, Tanya Rose, Linda Worrall, Louise Hickson, Tammy Hoffmann 2010 University of Queensland

Do People With Aphasia Want Written Information? A Verbal Survey Exploring Preferences For When And How To Provide Stroke And Aphasia Information, Tanya Rose, Linda Worrall, Louise Hickson, Tammy Hoffmann

Tammy Hoffmann

Purpose: Written health information can be better comprehended by people with aphasia if it is provided in an aphasiafriendly format. However, before pursuing research in the area of text-formatting for people with aphasia, it must be determined whether people with aphasia consider it helpful to receive health information in the written media. This study, therefore, aimed to determine the following: whether people with aphasia consider it important to receive written stroke and aphasia information; when people with aphasia prefer to receive this information; and what their preferences are for health information media.

Method: Surveys were administered in a face-to-face interview ...


40th Annual Wku Student Research Conference, Student Research Council, Western Kentucky University 2010 Student Research Council, Western Kentucky University

40th Annual Wku Student Research Conference, Student Research Council, Western Kentucky University

Student Research Conference Select Presentations

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress