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Characteristics And Etiology Of Moderate-To-Severe Diarrhea Of Acute, Prolonged Acute, And Persistent Duration Among Children Less Than 5 Years Old In Rural Western Kenya, 2008-2010, Katharine A. Schilling 2010 Georgia State University

Characteristics And Etiology Of Moderate-To-Severe Diarrhea Of Acute, Prolonged Acute, And Persistent Duration Among Children Less Than 5 Years Old In Rural Western Kenya, 2008-2010, Katharine A. Schilling

Public Health Theses

Worldwide, diarrheal disease is the second leading cause of death in children under 5 years old. Data on diarrhea of extended duration is limited. We described the characteristics associated with acute, prolonged acute and persistent diarrhea in Kenyan children less than 5 years of age participating in the Global Enterics Multicenter Study. Children presenting at a clinic were enrolled if they met the case definition for acute moderate-to-severe diarrhea defined as >3 loose stools in the last 24 hrs, within 7 days of illness onset, with >1 of the following: sunken eyes, skin tenting, dysentery, IV rehydration, or hospitalization. To ...


The Health Of Ontario’S Transgender Communities: Prevalence Of And Risk Factors For Depression, "Do-It-Yourself" Transitions, And Health Effects Of Cross-Sex Hormones And Surgeries, Nooshin Khobzi 2010 The University of Western Ontario

The Health Of Ontario’S Transgender Communities: Prevalence Of And Risk Factors For Depression, "Do-It-Yourself" Transitions, And Health Effects Of Cross-Sex Hormones And Surgeries, Nooshin Khobzi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purpose of this dissertation was to develop an understanding of, and draw attention to, the health and service access issues faced by trans (transgender, transsexual, or transitioned) Ontarians. This thesis is based on the Trans PULSE Project, a community-based research (CBR) initiative whose goal is to improve the health of trans people. Data collection was carried out between May 2009 and April 2010 using a quantitative survey. Trans participants were recruited through respondent-driven sampling (RDS), a network-based sampling method developed for the recruitment of hidden populations. Weighted prevalence estimates and 95% confidence intervals were calculated for all variables of ...


A Comparison Of Job Responsibility And Activities Between Registered Dietitians With A Bachelor's Degree And Those With A Master's Degree, Stephanie M. Pillow 2010 Florida International University

A Comparison Of Job Responsibility And Activities Between Registered Dietitians With A Bachelor's Degree And Those With A Master's Degree, Stephanie M. Pillow

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Minimal educational requirements for Registered Dietitians (RDs) include a bachelor’s degree and practice program. Recently, a master’s degree was recommended. Studies have not established whether education affects employment. A secondary analysis of 2005 Dietetics Practice Audit data determined whether job responsibility, individuals supervised, and activities differed between 1,626 bachelor’s RDs (B-RDs) and 767 master’s (M-RDs) RDs, registered ≤5 years. Chi-square and ANOVA analyzed differences between B-RDs and M-RDs, at entry-level (0-3 years experience) and beyond-entry-level (3+-5 years experience). Beyond-entry-level B-RDs (31.8%) and entry-level M-RDs (31.9%) reported “supervisor/executive” responsibility more than entry-level ...


Symptomatic Progression Of Asymptomatic Rotator Cuff Tears A Prospective Study Of Clinical And Sonographic Variables, Nathan A. Mall, H. Mike Kim, Jay D. Keener, Karen Steger-May, Sharlene A. Teefey, William D. Middleton, Georgia Stobbs, Ken Yamaguchi 2010 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Symptomatic Progression Of Asymptomatic Rotator Cuff Tears A Prospective Study Of Clinical And Sonographic Variables, Nathan A. Mall, H. Mike Kim, Jay D. Keener, Karen Steger-May, Sharlene A. Teefey, William D. Middleton, Georgia Stobbs, Ken Yamaguchi

Open Access Publications

No abstract provided.


Identification Of Syn-Stemodene Synthase, Reuben J. Peters, Meimei Xu 2010 Iowa State University

Identification Of Syn-Stemodene Synthase, Reuben J. Peters, Meimei Xu

Iowa State University Patents

The present invention relates to the isolation, purification, sequencing, and functional characterization of the class I diterpene synthase sequence OsKSLl 1. Transcriptional control of OsKSLll provides a means of regulating production of stemodene. Further, since OsKSLll is highly homologous to OsKSL8, identification of the sequence of OsKSLll will facilitate identification of underlying enzymatic determinants that affect product outcomes With these enzymes.


The Use Of Immunization Registry-Based Data In Vaccine Effectiveness Studies, Hilary Placzek, Lawrence C. Madoff 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Use Of Immunization Registry-Based Data In Vaccine Effectiveness Studies, Hilary Placzek, Lawrence C. Madoff

GSBS Student Publications

Vaccine effectiveness (VE) studies provide a measure of population-based vaccine performance by combining immunization history data with rates of disease incidence. This review assessed the feasibility of using electronic immunization registry data sources in VE studies. Electronic databases were searched through January 31, 2010. Out of 17 studies, only one paper assessed data accuracy (71%), and three papers assessed population coverage of the registry (estimates ranged from 25% to 90%). This review shows that registry-based data sources can be used to conduct VE studies in a variety of settings and populations. However, we found little information regarding the quality of ...


A Survey Of Georgia Adult Protective Services Staff Regarding Elder Abuse Laws And Policies: Determining Training Needs, Judith Kerr 2010 Institute of Public Health

A Survey Of Georgia Adult Protective Services Staff Regarding Elder Abuse Laws And Policies: Determining Training Needs, Judith Kerr

Public Health Theses

Abstract Background: The aging population is a rapidly growing demographic. Isolation and limited autonomy render many of the elderly vulnerable to abuse, neglect and exploitation. As the population grows, so does the need for Adult Protective Services (APS). This study was conducted to examine current knowledge of Georgia older adult protection laws and to identify training opportunities to better prepare the APS workforce in cases detection and intervention. Methods: A primary survey was developed in partnership with the Georgia Division of Aging Services’ leadership to identify key training priority issues APS caseworkers and investigators. A 47-item, electronic questionnaire was delivered ...


Age And Sex Differences And 20-Year Trends (1986 To 2005) In Prehospital Delay In Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Hoa Nguyen, Joel Gore, Jane Saczynski, Jorge Yarzebski, George Reed, Frederick Spencer, Robert Goldberg 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Age And Sex Differences And 20-Year Trends (1986 To 2005) In Prehospital Delay In Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Hoa Nguyen, Joel Gore, Jane Saczynski, Jorge Yarzebski, George Reed, Frederick Spencer, Robert Goldberg

Jorge L. Yarzebski

Background: The prompt administration of coronary reperfusion therapy for patients with an evolving acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is crucial in reducing mortality and the risk of serious clinical complications in these patients. However, long-term trends in extent of prehospital delay and factors affecting patient's care-seeking behavior remain relatively unexplored, especially in men and women of different ages. The objectives of this study were to examine the overall magnitude and 20-year trends (1986 to 2005) in duration of prehospital delay in middle-aged and elderly men and women hospitalized with AMI.

Methods and Results: The study sample consisted of 5967 residents ...


The Effects Of Gender And Catechol O-Methyltransferase (Comt) Val108/158met Polymorphism On Emotion Regulation In Velo-Cardio-Facial Syndrome (22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome): An Fmri Study, Ioana L. Coman, Matthew H. Gnirke, Frank A. Middleton, Kevin M. Antshel, Wanda Fremont, Anne Marie Higgins, Robert J. Shprintzen, Wendy R. Kates 2010 Sacred Heart University

The Effects Of Gender And Catechol O-Methyltransferase (Comt) Val108/158met Polymorphism On Emotion Regulation In Velo-Cardio-Facial Syndrome (22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome): An Fmri Study, Ioana L. Coman, Matthew H. Gnirke, Frank A. Middleton, Kevin M. Antshel, Wanda Fremont, Anne Marie Higgins, Robert J. Shprintzen, Wendy R. Kates

Speech-Language Pathology Faculty Publications

Velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS) is caused by a micro-deletion of over 40 genes at the q11.2 locus of chromosome 22 and is a risk factor for the development of schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders. COMT, one of the genes located in the deleted region, has been considered as a major candidate gene for genetic susceptibility in psychiatric diseases. Its functional polymorphism Val108/158Met has been shown to affect prefrontal function and working memory and has been associated with emotional dysregulation. We utilized a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) event-related paradigm to asses COMT genotype and gender-moderated effects on the neural ...


Cancer Incidence And Mortality In Indigenous Australians In Queensland, 1997–2006, Suzanne P. Moore, Peter K. O'Rourke, Kylie-Ann Mallitt, Gail Garvey, Adèle C. Green, Michael D. Coory, Patricia C. Valery 2010 Western University

Cancer Incidence And Mortality In Indigenous Australians In Queensland, 1997–2006, Suzanne P. Moore, Peter K. O'Rourke, Kylie-Ann Mallitt, Gail Garvey, Adèle C. Green, Michael D. Coory, Patricia C. Valery

Aboriginal Policy Research Consortium International (APRCi)

Objective: To examine cancer incidence and mortality in Indigenous Queenslanders. Design, setting and patients: Assessment of indirectly standardised incidence and mortality ratios for Indigenous Australians in Queensland diagnosed with cancer from 1997 to 2006, compared with the total Queensland population. Main outcome measures: Standardised incidence and mortality ratios. Results: Compared with the total Queensland population, Indigenous Queenslanders had a lower overall incidence of cancer (standardised incidence ratio, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.75–0.82), but a higher incidence of some of the more fatal cancer types. Overall cancer mortality was higher (standardised mortality ratio, 1.36; 95% CI, 1 ...


Effects Of Fall Tillage On Soybean White Mold And Sudden Death Syndrome In 2011, Xiao-Bing Yang 2010 Iowa State University

Effects Of Fall Tillage On Soybean White Mold And Sudden Death Syndrome In 2011, Xiao-Bing Yang

Integrated Crop Management News

Because of the summer flooding and outbreaks of soybean sudden death syndrome (SDS) this past growing season, more tillage has been made this fall in Iowa than the past few years. This can be seen while driving on Iowa highways, a similar situation we saw after 1993 floods. Fall tillage practices will impact two important soybean diseases, soybean white mold and sudden death syndrome. The former was wide spread during 2009 growing seasons and the later was prevalent in both 2009 and 2010. In this article, we will discuss the implications of tillage on these two diseases.


Animal Health Matters, David H. Zeman, Russ Daly 2010 South Dakota State University

Animal Health Matters, David H. Zeman, Russ Daly

Animal Health MATTERS Newsletter

[Page] 1- Olson Agricultural Analytical Services Laboratory Adapts to South Dakota Needs [Page] 2- Director's Message—Service and Grants [Page] 2- Veterinarian Named 2010 SDSU Distinguished Young Alumnus [Page] 3- Diagnostic Implications Following Use of a New IBR-PI3-BRSV Intranasal Vaccine [Page] 3- Extension Vet receives SDVMA Veterinarian of the Year Award [Page] 6- Survey of the Educational Needs of Animal Health Professionals in South Dakota, Summer 2010 [Page] 7- Certificate Program in Veterinary Preventive Medicine Offered Pieces and Parts [Page] 8- Internet Course Offerings from SDSU for Spring 2011 [Page] 8- VBS Department Faculty Members Update Chinese Delegation on ...


Converging Pathways In The Regulation Of Longevity And Metabolism In Caenorhabditis Elegans: A Dissertation, Sri Devi Narasimhan 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Converging Pathways In The Regulation Of Longevity And Metabolism In Caenorhabditis Elegans: A Dissertation, Sri Devi Narasimhan

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

The lifespan of an organism is determined by a complex array of genetic, environmental and nutritional factors. Yet single gene manipulations have been shown to significantly extend lifespan in several model organisms. Of all the genes that have been studied thus far, components of the insulin/IGF-1 signaling (IIS) pathway have emerged as the most robust regulators of longevity. In addition, IIS also regulates development, energy metabolism and the response to stress in a conserved manner. In Caenorhabditis elegans, signaling through this pathway is initiated by activation of the insulin/IGF-1 receptor tyrosine kinase DAF-2, which then activates a PI3-kinase ...


Human Dimensions Of Heavy Load Carriage, J. Drain, R. Orr, D. Billing, S. Rudzki 2010 Selected Works

Human Dimensions Of Heavy Load Carriage, J. Drain, R. Orr, D. Billing, S. Rudzki

Rob Marc Orr

No abstract provided.


Ivf Mix-Up Raises Vexing Legal Issues, Jack Tsen-Ta LEE 2010 Singapore Management University

Ivf Mix-Up Raises Vexing Legal Issues, Jack Tsen-Ta Lee

Jack Tsen-Ta LEE

Assistant Professor of Law Jack Lee raises several issues in the recent incident involving the in-vitro fertilization (IVF) mix-up at Thomson Fertility Centre.


What Are The Basic Self-Monitoring Components For Cardiovascular Risk Management?, Alison Ward, Carl Heneghan, Rafael Perera, Dan Lasserson, David Nunan, David Mant, Paul Glasziou 2010 University of Oxford

What Are The Basic Self-Monitoring Components For Cardiovascular Risk Management?, Alison Ward, Carl Heneghan, Rafael Perera, Dan Lasserson, David Nunan, David Mant, Paul Glasziou

Paul Glasziou

Background: Self-monitoring is increasingly recommended as a method of managing cardiovascular disease. However, the design, implementation and reproducibility of the self-monitoring interventions appear to vary considerably. We examined the interventions included in systematic reviews of self-monitoring for four clinical problems that increase cardiovascular disease risk.

Methods: We searched Medline and Cochrane databases for systematic reviews of self-monitoring for: heart failure, oral anticoagulation therapy, hypertension and type 2 diabetes. We extracted data using a pre-specified template for the identifiable components of the interventions for each disease. Data was also extracted on the theoretical basis of the education provided, the rationale given ...


Caval Agenesis With Hypoplastic Left Kidney In A Trauma Patient On Warfarin For Deep Vein Thrombosis (Poster), Ryan A. Lawless MD, Dale A. Dangleben MD 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Caval Agenesis With Hypoplastic Left Kidney In A Trauma Patient On Warfarin For Deep Vein Thrombosis (Poster), Ryan A. Lawless Md, Dale A. Dangleben Md

Department of Surgery

No abstract provided.


Complete Omental Torsion Associated With Left Inguinal Hernia: Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Patty T. Liu MD, Erik Teicher MD, Dale A. Dangleben MD 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Complete Omental Torsion Associated With Left Inguinal Hernia: Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Patty T. Liu Md, Erik Teicher Md, Dale A. Dangleben Md

Department of Surgery

No abstract provided.


A Forced Titration Study Of The Antioxidant And Immunomodulatory Effects Of Ambrotose Ao Supplement, Stephen P. Myers, Lesley M. Stevenson, Phillip A. Cheras, Joan M. O'Connor, Lyndon O. Brooks, Margaret I. Rolfe, Paul A. Connellan, Carol A. Morris 2010 Southern Cross University

A Forced Titration Study Of The Antioxidant And Immunomodulatory Effects Of Ambrotose Ao Supplement, Stephen P. Myers, Lesley M. Stevenson, Phillip A. Cheras, Joan M. O'Connor, Lyndon O. Brooks, Margaret I. Rolfe, Paul A. Connellan, Carol A. Morris

Adjunct Professor Stephen P Myers

Background: Oxidative stress plays a role in acute and chronic inflammatory disease and antioxidant supplementation has demonstrated beneficial effects in the treatment of these conditions. This study was designed to determine the optimal dose of an antioxidant supplement in healthy volunteers to inform a Phase 3 clinical trial.Methods: The study was designed as a combined Phase 1 and 2 open label, forced titration dose response study in healthy volunteers (n = 21) to determine both acute safety and efficacy. Participants received a dietary supplement in a forced titration over five weeks commencing with a no treatment baseline through 1, 2 ...


An Evaluation Of An Educational Program On Stigma In Mental Illness Presented By A Mental Health Consumer And Advocate, Edward R. Norris MD, FAPA, FAPM, Karen Burke RN, BSN, Brooke Katz RN, BSN, Bruce Curry LCSW, Michael Kaufmann MD 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

An Evaluation Of An Educational Program On Stigma In Mental Illness Presented By A Mental Health Consumer And Advocate, Edward R. Norris Md, Fapa, Fapm, Karen Burke Rn, Bsn, Brooke Katz Rn, Bsn, Bruce Curry Lcsw, Michael Kaufmann Md

Department of Psychiatry

No abstract provided.


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