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Parental Attitudes And Perceptions Related To Their Children's Physical Activity And Eating Patterns, Megan Leatham DuBois 2010 Utah State University

Parental Attitudes And Perceptions Related To Their Children's Physical Activity And Eating Patterns, Megan Leatham Dubois

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Children's physical inactivity and poor eating patterns have received a great deal of attention in our country and worldwide. Studies have been conducted to identify determinates related to children's physical activity and eating patterns and to identify strategies for promoting positive behaviors. Parental support is a well-accepted determinate of children's physical activity and eating patterns. However, little qualitative research has been done to determine parental attitudes and perceptions related to this critical role.

First, the study sought to gain a greater understanding of parental perspectives on their children's physical activity and eating patterns. Second, the study ...


Spatial Epidemiology Of Birth Defects In The United States And The State Of Utah Using Geographic Information Systems And Spatial Statistics, Samson Y. Gebreab 2010 Utah State University

Spatial Epidemiology Of Birth Defects In The United States And The State Of Utah Using Geographic Information Systems And Spatial Statistics, Samson Y. Gebreab

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Oral clefts are the most common form of birth defects in the United States (US) and the State of Utah has among the highest prevalence of oral clefts in the nation. The overall objective of this dissertation was to examine the spatial distribution of oral clefts and their linkage with a broad range of demographic, behavioral, social, economic, and environmental risk factors through the application of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and spatial statistics. Using innovative linked micromaps plots, we investigated the geographic patterns of oral clefts occurrence from 1998 to 2002 and their relationships with maternal smoking rates and proportion ...


Convergent Validity Between Field Tests Of Isometric Core Strength, Functional Core Strength, And Sport Performance Variables In Female Soccer Players, Jeffrey Scott Wagner 2010 Boise State University

Convergent Validity Between Field Tests Of Isometric Core Strength, Functional Core Strength, And Sport Performance Variables In Female Soccer Players, Jeffrey Scott Wagner

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Previous research has failed to definitively explain the role that core fitness plays during sport performance. Movements of sport performance require the core musculature to simultaneously provide spinal stability while producing external forces that aid limb movement. The core is central to most kinetic chains; therefore, a better understanding of core function during sport should help to benefit performance. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare tests of isometric core strength that evaluate the ability of the core to provide a stable base of support, and tests of concentric functional core strength that evaluate the ability of ...


Health Care In The United States: A Right Or Commodity?, Aaron Lloyd 2010 Grand Valley State University

Health Care In The United States: A Right Or Commodity?, Aaron Lloyd

Honors Projects

No abstract provided.


Resilience In Family Members Of Persons With Serious Mental Illness, Jaclene Zauszniewski, Abir K. Bekhet, M. Jane Suresky 2010 Case Western Reserve University

Resilience In Family Members Of Persons With Serious Mental Illness, Jaclene Zauszniewski, Abir K. Bekhet, M. Jane Suresky

Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

This integrative review summarizes current research on resilience in adult family members who have a relative with a diagnosed mental disorder that is considered serious. Within the context of resilience theory, studies identifying risk/vulnerability and positive/protective factors in family members are summarized, and studies examining seven indicators of resilience, including acceptance, hardiness, hope, mastery, self-efficacy, sense of coherence, and resourcefulness, are described. Implications for clinical practice and recommendations for future research are presented.


Occupation And Injuries: Risk Factors For Preterm Delivery, Karisa Kay Harland 2010 University of Iowa

Occupation And Injuries: Risk Factors For Preterm Delivery, Karisa Kay Harland

Theses and Dissertations

Preterm delivery (PTD) is a leading cause of infant death, and surviving infants are at risk for poor health. Data from the Iowa Health in Pregnancy Study, a case-control study of maternal stress on risk of PTD and small for gestational age (SGA) deliveries were used to address three aims: 1) develop a method to correct for error in ultrasound measurement among suspected SGA infants, 2) estimate the association of occupational stress on risk of PTD, and 3) examine injury-related risk factors for PTD.

Estimates of gestational age using ultrasound can be biased if the fetus is growth-restricted, yielding underestimates ...


The Impact Of Bilateral Gain Reduction On Localization And Speech Perception In Spatially-Separated Noise, Hua Ou 2010 University of Iowa

The Impact Of Bilateral Gain Reduction On Localization And Speech Perception In Spatially-Separated Noise, Hua Ou

Theses and Dissertations

Bilaterally independent (mismatched) hearing aids cannot replicate the natural timing and level cues between ears, and hence, may result in negative consequences for localization and speech perception in spatially-separated noise performance.

Five gain reduction patterns were used to evaluate the impact of bilaterally mismatched gain reduction schemes on localization and speech perception performance in noise, compared to an unaltered bilaterally linear time-invariant amplification scheme (reference scheme), in which audibility was optimized. The bilaterally mismatched gain reduction schemes were later matched (synchronized) between ears to explore the possibility of restoring the deteriorated performance due to the mismatched schemes. Sound quality and ...


Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion Model In Rodents: Methods And Potential Pitfalls, Fudong Liu, Louise D. McCullough 2010 University of Connecticut School of Medicine and Dentistry

Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion Model In Rodents: Methods And Potential Pitfalls, Fudong Liu, Louise D. Mccullough

Articles - Research

A variety of animal models have been developed for modeling ischemic stroke. The middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model has been utilized extensively, especially in rodents. While the MCAO model provides stroke researchers with an excellent platform to investigate the disease, controversial or even paradoxical results are occasionally seen in the literature utilizing this model. Various factors exert important effects on the outcome in this stroke model, including the age and sex of the animal examined. This paper discusses emerging information on the effects of age and sex on ischemic outcomes after MCAO, with an emphasis on mouse models of ...


Development And Validation Of A Light Weight, Energy Dense, Ready To Eat (Rte) Bar, Jacob Wilhelm-Maria Heick 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Development And Validation Of A Light Weight, Energy Dense, Ready To Eat (Rte) Bar, Jacob Wilhelm-Maria Heick

Master's Theses and Project Reports

DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A LIGHT WEIGHT, ENERGY DENSE, READY TO EAT (RTE) BAR

Jacob Wilhelm-Maria Heick

Providing additional calories in the form of an RTE bar to endurance athletes will increase performance and muscle re-synthesis, reduce muscle breakdown, and shorten recovery time. An RTE bar containing a blend of dairy proteins and carbohydrates will create a product with superior functionality, including bioactive and immunity enhancing properties from dairy derived ingredients. The protein will provide benefits in the form of easily digestible calories, essential amino acids and physical satiate.

A formulation was developed and optimized, resulting in a final product ...


Newbery Award Winning Books 1975–2009: How Do They Portray Disabilities? , Melissa Leininger, Tina T. Dyches, Mary Anne Prater, Melissa Allen Heath 2010 Davis School District

Newbery Award Winning Books 1975–2009: How Do They Portray Disabilities? , Melissa Leininger, Tina T. Dyches, Mary Anne Prater, Melissa Allen Heath

All Faculty Publications

Newbery books represent quality literature that has a profound social-emotional impact on its readers, yet these books have not been systematically evaluated for their portrayal of characters with disabilities. Thirty-one Newbery Award and Honor books from 1975–2009 were identified and portrayed 41 main or supporting characters with disabilities. These books were evaluated using the Rating Scale for Quality Characterizations of Individuals with Disabilities in Children’s Literature. Results indicate the representation of Newbery characters with disabilities is not proportionate to the current U.S. population of students with disabilities. Further, racial representation portrayed in these books is not representative ...


Summary Report Of The Mainecare Listening Sessions, Anush Hansen MS,MA, Katherine Rosingana, Nadine Edris MSW 2010 University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service, Maine Rural Health Research Center

Summary Report Of The Mainecare Listening Sessions, Anush Hansen Ms,Ma, Katherine Rosingana, Nadine Edris Msw

Disability and Aging

No abstract provided.


Anencephaly: Concepts Of Personhood, Ethical Questions, And Nursing Care, Jessica L. Ryskamp 2010 Liberty University

Anencephaly: Concepts Of Personhood, Ethical Questions, And Nursing Care, Jessica L. Ryskamp

Senior Honors Theses

Anencephaly is a neural tube defect that severely limits the lifespan of affected infants. While these infants have no higher brain function, they are still persons, and should be given the same moral and ethical considerations as healthy infants. With this in mind, organ donation procedures should follow the same guidelines that apply to other donors. Because a large part of nursing care for anencephalic infants is palliative care, nurses need appropriate training to care effectively for both the infant and the family, providing for physical, emotional, psychological, and spiritual needs.


Estimation Of G-Csf Effectiveness In Reducing Neutropenia Hospitalization Among Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (Nhl)Patients Treated With Anthracycline-Based Chemotherapy, Xiaoyun Pan 2010 University of Iowa

Estimation Of G-Csf Effectiveness In Reducing Neutropenia Hospitalization Among Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (Nhl)Patients Treated With Anthracycline-Based Chemotherapy, Xiaoyun Pan

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this research was to estimate prophylactic G-CSF effectiveness among patients on the extensive margin, whose treatment decisions are most likely to be affected by policy changes intended to alter the G-CSF treatment rate.

Using the national Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER)-Medicare Linked Database, we studied patients 66 years or older diagnosed with Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) and on anthracycline in one of the 13 SEER registry areas from 1994-2002. Prophylactic G-CSF use was designated if a patient had a G-CSF claim within the first five days of the first chemotherapy cycle. The dependent variable of ...


Retrospective Mortality And Cancer Incidence Study Of Former U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Workers At The Iowa Army Ammunitions Plant In Burlington, Iowa, Alicia Katherine Quella 2010 University of Iowa

Retrospective Mortality And Cancer Incidence Study Of Former U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Workers At The Iowa Army Ammunitions Plant In Burlington, Iowa, Alicia Katherine Quella

Theses and Dissertations

A retrospective mortality and cancer incidence study of former nuclear weapons assemblers from the Iowa Army Ammunitions Plant was conducted. This study examined whether or not workers at the plant exhibited higher rates of mortality or cancer as a result of their work-related activities. Potential exposures included radiation, beryllium, asbestos, and solvents. Cancer incidence was determined by calculating standardized incidence ratios (SIR) and using the Iowa population as reference. SIRs were calculated on 3,889 workers from1969-2005. Overall and cause-specific mortality was determined by calculating standardized mortality ratios (SMR) and using the U.S. and Iowa populations as reference. SMRs ...


Neurological Outcomes Among Pesticide Applicators, Sarah Elizabeth Starks 2010 University of Iowa

Neurological Outcomes Among Pesticide Applicators, Sarah Elizabeth Starks

Theses and Dissertations

The acute nervous system toxicity of organophosphate (OP) pesticides is well described. However, the reported long-term effects of OP pesticides on the nervous system are inconsistent. This inconsistency may be due to imprecise estimates of pesticide exposure, variability of central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS) assessment, small samples, and poor control of confounding.

The primary goal of this research was to examine the association between long-term OP pesticide use on CNS and PNS function among pesticide applicators. An additional goal was to examine the association between high pesticide exposure events (HPEEs), which typically do not result in ...


Chitosan For Biomedical Applications, Aiman Omar Mahmoud Abbas 2010 University of Iowa

Chitosan For Biomedical Applications, Aiman Omar Mahmoud Abbas

Theses and Dissertations

Chitosan, a copolymer of glucosamine and N-acetyl glucosamine, is a polycationic, biocompatible and biodegradable polymer. In addition, chitosan has different functional groups that can be modified with a wide array of ligands. Because of its unique physicochemical properties, chitosan has great potential in a range of biomedical applications, including tissue engineering, non-viral gene delivery and enzyme immobilization.

In our work, the primary amine groups of chitosan were utilized for chitosan modification through biotinylation using N-hydroxysuccinimide chemistry. This was followed by the addition of avidin which strongly binds to biotin. Biotinylated ligands such as polyethylene glycol (PEG) and RGD peptide sequence ...


Computational Fluid Dynamics (Cfd) Study Investigating The Effects Of Torso Geometry Simplification On Aspiration Efficiency, Kimberly Rose Anderson 2010 University of Iowa

Computational Fluid Dynamics (Cfd) Study Investigating The Effects Of Torso Geometry Simplification On Aspiration Efficiency, Kimberly Rose Anderson

Theses and Dissertations

In previous studies truncated models were found to underestimate the air's upward velocity when compared to wind tunnel velocity studies, which may affect particle aspiration estimates. This work compared aspiration efficiencies using three torso geometries: 1) a simplified truncated cylinder; 2) a non-truncated cylinder; and 3) an anthropometrically realistic humanoid body. The primary aim of this work was to (1) quantify the errors introduced by using a simplified geometry and (2) determine the required level of detail to adequately represent a human form in CFD studies of aspiration efficiency. Fluid simulations used the standard k-epsilon turbulence models, with freestream ...


Epidemiology Of Choanal Atresia - The National Birth Defects Prevention Study, Vijaya Kancherla 2010 University of Iowa

Epidemiology Of Choanal Atresia - The National Birth Defects Prevention Study, Vijaya Kancherla

Theses and Dissertations

Choanal atresia is a well-defined congenital malformation; however, little is known about its prevalence and risk factors. Data from the Iowa Registry for Congenital and Inherited Disorders were used to examine prevalence, infant, and maternal characteristics of choanal artesia. Data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS) were used to examine selected risk factors for choanal atresia. Overall prevalence was estimated as number of choanal atresia cases per 10,000 live births with 95% confidence intervals (CI)s. Crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR)s and 95% CIs were estimated to investigate selected risk factors. The overall prevalence of ...


The Effects Of Relative Humidity On Respirator Performance, Justin Dale Newnum 2010 University of Iowa

The Effects Of Relative Humidity On Respirator Performance, Justin Dale Newnum

Theses and Dissertations

This study looked at the effect relative humidity had on respirator performance.


Factors Responsible For Loss To Follow Up In A Longitudinal Studycomparing Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery And Percutaneouscoronary Intervention, Orlando Vera 2010 University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth

Factors Responsible For Loss To Follow Up In A Longitudinal Studycomparing Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery And Percutaneouscoronary Intervention, Orlando Vera

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


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