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Status Update: Unprofessional Postings By Psychology Doctoral Students, Leah Kamin 2011 Pacific University

Status Update: Unprofessional Postings By Psychology Doctoral Students, Leah Kamin

School of Graduate Psychology

The growing trend of Internet and Web 2.0 use, such as social networking sites, has led to new dilemmas in the professionalism of psychology doctoral students; however, the problem is not currently well defined. Through an electronic survey this study measured psychology doctoral program administrators and students about their perceptions of problematic Web 2.0 use among psychology doctoral students. Primary measurements included the frequency of schools reporting incidents of unprofessional student-posted content online, the nature of the violation of professionalism, the type of disciplinary actions taken, the execution of professionalism policies that address Web 2.0, and future ...


Mind The Gap: Attending To The Transmission Gap And Its Implications For Families With Adopted Children, Jessica Binkley 2011 Pacific University

Mind The Gap: Attending To The Transmission Gap And Its Implications For Families With Adopted Children, Jessica Binkley

School of Graduate Psychology

Domestic and international adoptions in the United States are on the rise (Roberson, 2006). Unfortunately, some recent high-profile adoption disruptions (e.g., the case of Artem Saveliev) have highlighted the lack of support given to many families with regard to forming a relationship with their adopted child. In fact, difficulty in forming an attachment relationship is the primary reason cited for adoption disruption (Berry & Barth, 1991; Coakley & Berrick, 2008; Schmidt, Rosenthal, & Bombeck, 1988).

Despite the relatively high (i.e., 8-15%) rate of disruptions, there is a lack of research focusing on how adoptive parents can form a secure attachment relationship with their children (Barth, Berry, Yoshikami, Goodfield, & Carson, 1988; Coakley & Berrick, 2008; Festinger, 1990; Stolley, 1993). There is also a lack of information pertaining to how attachment styles are transmitted across generations; this lack of information has been deemed the transmission gap by researchers ...


A Review Of The Risks And Benefits Of Cosleeping, Blair Tyler 2011 Pacific University

A Review Of The Risks And Benefits Of Cosleeping, Blair Tyler

School of Graduate Psychology

“Cosleeping” is defined as a child sleeping in the same bed as an adult within arm’s reach. The literature on cosleeping identifies a number of risks and benefits to infants, but many questions remain unanswered. Proponents of cosleeping assert that the research supports the benefits of cosleeping. Proponents report reduced rates of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), increased rates of breastfeeding, the instinctive nature of cosleeping. Opponents of cosleeping generally report opposite findings and theories: cosleeping increases the rates of SIDS and leaves children at risk of suffocation, entrapment, overlaying, and rebreathing carbon dioxide. A large portion of the ...


Client And Caregiver Perceptions Of Feedback Following Psychodiagnostic Assessment, Sara E. Tapsak 2011 Pacific University

Client And Caregiver Perceptions Of Feedback Following Psychodiagnostic Assessment, Sara E. Tapsak

School of Graduate Psychology

Providing assessment feedback to clients is an ethical responsibility of psychologists and an essential component of the feedback process. Despite this fact, little empirical attention has been given to the process and impact of providing assessment feedback to clients. Research has contributed general guidelines for providing effective feedback to clients, as well as models for how to structure a feedback session. In addition, research indicates that clinicians believe that feedback is helpful for clients and in turn, clients prefer feedback that is client-centered. Across the literature on feedback there are common themes of providing personalized, collaborative feedback in an empathic ...


Personality Characteristics As Predictors Of Institutional Violence Among Incarcerated Women, Elizabeth Stotler-Turner 2011 Pacific University

Personality Characteristics As Predictors Of Institutional Violence Among Incarcerated Women, Elizabeth Stotler-Turner

School of Graduate Psychology

There remains little research about violence in prison among women and the role that personality characteristics take in producing such violence. This study examined the ability of borderline, antisocial, and psychopathic personality pathology to accurately discriminate between first-time female inmates who did and did not engage in institutional violence. Measures used in the sample included the PCL-R, DSM-IV-TR symptoms of Borderline and Antisocial Personality Disorder, and the Antisocial Features and Borderline Features scales of the Personality Assessment Inventory. There was a low to moderate base rate of violence in the sample (25% over one year) and low correlations among variables ...


Obstacles, Challenges, And Proper Treatment Of Ptsd: An Effectiveness Case Illustration, Stephanie M. Schaefer 2011 Pacific University

Obstacles, Challenges, And Proper Treatment Of Ptsd: An Effectiveness Case Illustration, Stephanie M. Schaefer

School of Graduate Psychology

The purpose of this study was to examine the literature regarding the treatment of severe posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and to demonstrate the need for clinicians to become trained and experienced in administering exposure therapy. The obstacles to using this method will be discussed and myths will be disputed based on the literature. The case study will further demonstrate the critical need for exposure therapy treatment by examining the treatment of a woman with severe PTSD who did not respond to other treatment modalities.


Progress In A Mental Health Court, Lacey Oldemeyer 2011 Pacific University

Progress In A Mental Health Court, Lacey Oldemeyer

School of Graduate Psychology

The purpose of this study was to examine the progress of individuals enrolled in the Washington County Mental Health Court (MHC) and factors that may be related to their progress. Participants in the MHC were interviewed and information was obtained about factors that may be related to progress. To determine progress of the participants, a newly implemented tool called the Results Assessment and Monitoring Progress (RAMP) was utilized. Initial scores were determined at the time that the participant entered the MHC and a current score was determined at the time of the interview.

A significant positive correlation was found that ...


Hypochondriasis (Health Anxiety) Reformulated: Similarities With Generalized Anxiety Disorder In A Routine Setting Single Case, Heidi J. Meeke 2011 Pacific University

Hypochondriasis (Health Anxiety) Reformulated: Similarities With Generalized Anxiety Disorder In A Routine Setting Single Case, Heidi J. Meeke

School of Graduate Psychology

Despite its long documented history, Hypochondriasis remains a ubiquitous enigma to virtually all health care disciplines and providers. Because such highly health anxious patients are not commonly open to psychological (i.e., non-medical) interpretations of their physiological symptoms, sufferers ironically often become fixed on a pathological quest for physical and/or medical explanations for their problems. This pervasive worry and worry-based behavioral pattern perpetuates and reifies the belief that one has- or will develop- a serious medical condition, and, due to its inappropriate fixity on perceived organic (versus psychic) etiology, leaves such excessive doubt largely untreated. Therefore, continual high medical ...


Predicting Counseling Students’ Intention To Seek Counseling, Chad H. McGhee 2011 Pacific University

Predicting Counseling Students’ Intention To Seek Counseling, Chad H. Mcghee

School of Graduate Psychology

Although the benefits of personal therapy for therapists, including improved emotional and mental keenness, reduced burnout, enhanced interpersonal and therapeutic skills, improved client empathy, and increased confidence in therapy, have been well documented, few studies have investigated the variables that predict help-seeking intention by therapists in training. The current study examined if a model integrating the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) and Cramer’s (1999) model (i.e., adding subjective norm to the Cramer model) better predicted help-seeking intention by counselors in training than either of the two models independently. Participants consisted of 459 masters-level graduate students from various counseling ...


Group Psychotherapy Contributions To Leadership Development In The Workplace, Jami B. Howell 2011 Pacific University

Group Psychotherapy Contributions To Leadership Development In The Workplace, Jami B. Howell

School of Graduate Psychology

This study addresses the question whether lessons can be learned from the group psychotherapy literature to improve leadership development trainings in the workplace. A literature review was conducted to examine cross sections from the group therapy literature and the organizational literature. In addition, information about current leadership development training programs was collected through interviews with four hospital systems. Outcomes from both the literature review and hospital interviews supported the hypothesis that leadership development training programs in the workplace lack core aspects of group therapy theory and practice. The results of this study indicated the most important knowledge to incorporate in ...


Psychologists’ Training, Attitudes, And Practice Behaviors Regarding Collaboration With Primary Care, Lucas Eberhardt De Master 2011 Pacific University

Psychologists’ Training, Attitudes, And Practice Behaviors Regarding Collaboration With Primary Care, Lucas Eberhardt De Master

School of Graduate Psychology

Primary care patients frequently present with behavioral health related concerns, but for various reasons often fail to receive effective treatment for these problems. The integration of behavioral health providers, including psychologists, within primary care practice has been receiving an increasing amount of research and policy support as the most appropriate way to address this health care problem. However, behavioral health integration appears to remain uncommon. Although several experts in the field have suggested that the lack of specialized training, professional culture, and attitudes among behavioral health providers has significantly hampered collaboration and integration with primary care, there exists little research ...


Caregiver Satisfaction With Children’S Publicly Funded Mental Health Services, Marisa Black 2011 Pacific University

Caregiver Satisfaction With Children’S Publicly Funded Mental Health Services, Marisa Black

School of Graduate Psychology

The aim of this study was to gain an understanding of how to better satisfy and meet the needs of particular types of consumers of publicly funded children’s mental health services. The constructs investigated included caregiver satisfaction with services, the role of expectation in satisfaction, and demographic differences in satisfaction. The components of satisfaction assessed were: access to services, family participation in treatment, cultural sensitivity, appropriateness of services, perceived treatment outcome, and coordination of services. Participants included 1268 caregivers of children receiving publicly funded mental health services in the state of Oregon. Information was gathered and made available by ...


Assessing Treatment Outcomes By Clinical Diagnosis In A Training Clinic, Colleen M. Dolan 2011 Pacific University

Assessing Treatment Outcomes By Clinical Diagnosis In A Training Clinic, Colleen M. Dolan

School of Graduate Psychology

The objective of this study was to address the gap in literature regarding how clinical diagnosis affects client mental health prognosis—specifically for clients seen in a graduate student training clinic. Archival data of the diagnoses, treatment outcomes, and demographics of 75 former clients of a Northwest psychology training clinic were used. A significant main effect was found for diagnostic category, where clients with mood disorders had significantly better treatment outcomes than clients with anxiety disorders. The presence of co-morbid disorders did not have a significant effect on treatment outcomes.


An Analysis Of Gestalt Group Psychotherapy In The Context Of Multiculturalism, Allison Chambers 2011 Pacific University

An Analysis Of Gestalt Group Psychotherapy In The Context Of Multiculturalism, Allison Chambers

School of Graduate Psychology

With increasing demand for multicultural counseling and psychotherapy, the need for multicultural group psychotherapy is also increasing. As group therapists are becoming concerned with the applicability of Western group interventions for use with multicultural psychotherapy groups, the responsibility to adapt evidence-based practice to multicultural clients resides with clinicians. Gestalt group psychotherapy was examined as an example of a Western-influenced approach that currently does not address how to practice group therapy in a multicultural setting. After a thorough review of the multicultural group psychotherapy and Gestalt group psychotherapy literature, Gestalt group psychotherapy was found to incorporate many of the principles and ...


Longitudinal Prediction Of Violence Victimization And Perpetration Of Female Prison Inmates Based On Trauma Symptoms, Christopher S. Brown 2011 Pacific University

Longitudinal Prediction Of Violence Victimization And Perpetration Of Female Prison Inmates Based On Trauma Symptoms, Christopher S. Brown

School of Graduate Psychology

The population of female inmates in the U.S. is growing rapidly, but this population remains understudied relative to male inmates. Many female inmates arrive at prison with significant trauma histories and symptoms, and women's prisons contain high rates of violence. This study examined whether trauma symptoms at intake would predict violence victimization and perpetration during the subsequent year for a sample of first-time female inmates. Four scales of the Trauma Symptom Inventory-2 (TSI-2; Briere, 2011) were examined as potential predictors, including Anxious Arousal, Anger, Intrusive Experiences, and Tension Reduction Behavior. Rates of trauma symptoms varied between moderate and ...


Ethics In An Age Of Information Seekers: A Survey Of Licensed Healthcare Providers About Online Social Networking, Shannon Anderson 2011 Pacific University

Ethics In An Age Of Information Seekers: A Survey Of Licensed Healthcare Providers About Online Social Networking, Shannon Anderson

School of Graduate Psychology

This study examines the current beliefs and behaviors of licensed psychologists, physicians, and social workers regarding ethical use of the social networking website, Facebook©. The study utilized a survey which was adapted from ethics questionnaires used in previous research to explore professionals’ average numbers of Facebook friends, social groups, and photo albums as well as attitudes toward possible regulation of online social networking by professional organizations. Statistically significant differences were found among groups regarding the degree to which they wanted guidance on ethically managing technology like social networking websites, with psychologists and social workers desiring more guidance than physicians. Overall ...


Finding Collaboration In Medical Care: Culture And Ethnicity In Hawaii, Lauren Kagami 2011 Pacific University

Finding Collaboration In Medical Care: Culture And Ethnicity In Hawaii, Lauren Kagami

School of Graduate Psychology

In addition to healthcare disparities, medical treatment with ethnic minorities may be impacted by cultural differences in communication style. Unique cultural environments such as Hawaii illustrate the need for a greater understanding of factors that motivate ethnic minority patients to communicate effectively with physicians. The purpose of this study was to modify the model of patient motivation to communicate created by Kim et al. (2000) in a Hawaii sample. It was hypothesized that respondents with higher levels of interdependent self-construal (a measure of cultural values and attitudes) would be less motivated to participate with physicians and would place less value ...


Mindfulness-Based Attention As A Moderator Of The Relationship Between Adhd And Comordid Disorders, Alana Jacobs 2011 Pacific University

Mindfulness-Based Attention As A Moderator Of The Relationship Between Adhd And Comordid Disorders, Alana Jacobs

School of Graduate Psychology

ADHD continues to be a problem affecting not only those with the disorder themselves but also the people they interact with and are close to, as well as society as a whole. Although some treatment options exist, a large percentage of individuals with ADHD remain untreated and many of those who do obtain treatment continue to struggle with the disorder. Those with ADHD and one or more co-occurring psychological disorders are particularly in need of alternative treatment options. To inform the development of alternative treatment options particularly for this population, further research on the relationship between ADHD and frequently co-occurring ...


Claustrophobia, Judicious Use Of Safety, And Return Of Fear: A Literature Review, Jill Davidson 2011 Pacific University

Claustrophobia, Judicious Use Of Safety, And Return Of Fear: A Literature Review, Jill Davidson

School of Graduate Psychology

An extensive literature review was conducted in an effort to investigate, understand, explain, and offer potential answers and solutions as to the extent safety behaviors interfere with the outcome of using exposure therapy for Claustrophobia. This review explored existing literature about claustrophobia and safety behaviors within the context of exposure therapy and whether the “judicious use” of safety mechanisms diminish presumed deleterious effects of use of “artificial safety” during exposure and to what degree return of fear appears to be related to use of,- or availability of,- safety during exposure.


Effectiveness Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy On Anxiety Disorders In A Graduate Level Training Clinic, Kimberly Coppersmith 2011 Pacific University

Effectiveness Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy On Anxiety Disorders In A Graduate Level Training Clinic, Kimberly Coppersmith

School of Graduate Psychology

Anxiety Disorders rank among the most common and debilitating mental health diagnoses. Furthermore, the prevalence of presenting anxiety disorders has been found to be high in training clinics. While cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to be the gold standard of treatments for anxiety disorders, little research has been done examining the effectiveness of CBT for anxiety disorders in a university training clinic. Even though training clinics are an excellent resource for collecting effectiveness research data, they are often underutilized for this purpose. The current study used a paired-samples t-test of pre- and posttest scores on a popular outcome ...


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