Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

251,044 Full-Text Articles 446,714 Authors 84,272,724 Downloads 496 Institutions

All Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Faceted Search

251,044 full-text articles. Page 4 of 9707.

Prophylactic Pretransplant Ganciclovir To Reduce Cytomegalovirus Infection After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Daniel R. Reed, Gina R. Petroni, Melissa West, Caroline Jones, Abeer Alfaraj, Paige G. Williams, Kathlene DeGregory, Kyle Grose, Sandra Monson, Indumathy Varadarajan, Leonid Volodin, Gerald R. Donowitz, Tamila L. Kindwall-Keller, Karen K. Ballen 2023 Section of Hematology and Oncology, Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest Baptist Health, Winston-Salem, NC, USA

Prophylactic Pretransplant Ganciclovir To Reduce Cytomegalovirus Infection After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Daniel R. Reed, Gina R. Petroni, Melissa West, Caroline Jones, Abeer Alfaraj, Paige G. Williams, Kathlene Degregory, Kyle Grose, Sandra Monson, Indumathy Varadarajan, Leonid Volodin, Gerald R. Donowitz, Tamila L. Kindwall-Keller, Karen K. Ballen

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Objective/Background: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation remains a serious complication after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) occurring in approximately 60–70% of CMV-seropositive HCT recipients. CMV reactivation leads to adverse outcomes including end-organ damage, graft-versus-host disease, and graft failure. Methods: Ganciclovir was administered pretransplant at 5 mg/kg twice daily intravenously from the start of conditioning to Day T-2 to CMV-seropositive patients receiving their first allogeneic HCT. CMV DNA was monitored weekly until at least Day 100 posttransplant. Results: A total of 109 consecutive patients were treated, median age 57 (range 20–73) years. Of these, 36 (33%) patients had a CMV reactivation within the …


Azacitidine Maintenance Therapy Postallogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation In Poorrisk Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Amany R. Keruakous, Jennifer Holter-Chakrabarty, Sarah A. Schmidt, Mohamad O. Khawandanah, George Selby, Carrie Yuen 2023 University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Stephenson Cancer Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA

Azacitidine Maintenance Therapy Postallogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation In Poorrisk Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Amany R. Keruakous, Jennifer Holter-Chakrabarty, Sarah A. Schmidt, Mohamad O. Khawandanah, George Selby, Carrie Yuen

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Objective/Background: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) is the potential curative modality for poor-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML), relapse remains the main reason for transplant failure. Early-phase studies showed azacitidine is safe for post-transplant maintenance therapy in AML. Methods: We performed a single institutional prospective cohort study to evaluate the benefit of azacitidine maintenance therapy following allogeneic HSCT in poor-risk AML. The main objective of this study is to generate a hypothesis aiming to optimize post-transplantation outcomes in poor-risk AML. Forty-nine adults with poor-risk AML who underwent allogeneic HSCT were evaluated in a nonrandomized prospective cohort fashion. Thirty-one participants received …


Current Practice Of Oral Care For Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients: A Survey Of The Eastern Mediterranean Blood And Marrow Transplantation Group, Hani Mawardi, Nathaniel Treister, Osama Felemban, Waleed Alamoudi, Ghada Algohary, Abdulrahman Alsultan, Nawal Alshehri, Illias Tazi, Marwan Shaheen, Mohamed Alsharani, Salem Alshemmari, Mutlu Arat, Mohamed Amine Bekadja, Murtadha Al-Khabori, Samar Okaily, Natasha Ali, Husam Abujazar, Wasil Jastaniah, Amir Ali Hamidieh, Sharukh Hashmi, Mahmoud Aljurf 2023 Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Current Practice Of Oral Care For Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients: A Survey Of The Eastern Mediterranean Blood And Marrow Transplantation Group, Hani Mawardi, Nathaniel Treister, Osama Felemban, Waleed Alamoudi, Ghada Algohary, Abdulrahman Alsultan, Nawal Alshehri, Illias Tazi, Marwan Shaheen, Mohamed Alsharani, Salem Alshemmari, Mutlu Arat, Mohamed Amine Bekadja, Murtadha Al-Khabori, Samar Okaily, Natasha Ali, Husam Abujazar, Wasil Jastaniah, Amir Ali Hamidieh, Sharukh Hashmi, Mahmoud Aljurf

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Introduction: The oral cavity is one of the most common sites impacted by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with acute complications including mucositis, bleeding, salivary gland dysfunction, infection, and taste alteration. These complications may result in significant morbidity and can negatively impact outcomes such as length of stay and overall costs. As such, oral care during HSCT for prevention and management of oral toxicities is a standard component of transplant protocols at all centers. The objective of this study was to evaluate the current oral care practices for patients during HSCT at different transplant centers within the Eastern Mediterranean region. …


Outcomes Of Patients With Thrombocytopenia Evaluated At Hematology Subspecialty Clinics, Zaid H. Abdel Rahman, Kevin C. Miller, Hiba Jabbour, Yaser Alkhatib, Vijaya Donthireddy 2023 Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA

Outcomes Of Patients With Thrombocytopenia Evaluated At Hematology Subspecialty Clinics, Zaid H. Abdel Rahman, Kevin C. Miller, Hiba Jabbour, Yaser Alkhatib, Vijaya Donthireddy

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Background: Thrombocytopenia is a frequently encountered laboratory abnormality and a common reason for hematology referrals. Workup for thrombocytopenia is not standardized and frequently does not follow an evidence-based algorithm. We conducted a systematic analysis to evaluate the laboratory testing and outcomes of patients evaluated for thrombocytopenia at hematology clinics in a tertiary referral center between 2013 and 2016. Patient and methods: We performed a comprehensive chart review for patients evaluated for thrombocytopenia during the study period. Patients were followed for 1 year from the initial hematology evaluation and assessed for the development of a hematologic malignancy, rheumatologic, or infectious diseases …


Therapeutic Roles Of Antibody Drug Conjugates (Adcs) In Relapsed/Refractory Lymphomas, Hamza Hashmi, Alicia Darwin, Taiga Nishihori 2023 Division of Hematology/Oncology, Medical University of South Carolina, United States

Therapeutic Roles Of Antibody Drug Conjugates (Adcs) In Relapsed/Refractory Lymphomas, Hamza Hashmi, Alicia Darwin, Taiga Nishihori

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Relapsed or refractory lymphoma is commonly treated with combination chemoimmunotherapy and cellular immunotherapy. Modest response rates and associated toxicities are obstacles to achieving durable remission using traditional cytotoxic chemotherapy, especially in frail patients with advanced disease. Antibody drug conjugates represent a new class of novel targeted agents with significant improvement in therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of lymphomas. Several of these agents, which offer improved targeting, greater potency, and better therapeutic index over traditional chemotherapy, are changing the treatment landscape for lymphomas and other hematological malignancies. Despite the therapeutic potential of these agents, the delivery and release of cytotoxic agents …


Radiotherapy And Immunotherapy In Melanoma Brain Metastases, Amir Anvari, Pegah Sasanpour, Mania Rajabzadeh Kheradmardi 2023 Department of Radiation Oncology, Imam Hussein Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran

Radiotherapy And Immunotherapy In Melanoma Brain Metastases, Amir Anvari, Pegah Sasanpour, Mania Rajabzadeh Kheradmardi

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Background and objective: Melanoma brain metastasis (MBM) generally portends a dismal prognosis. Simultaneous use of radiotherapy (RT) and immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy demonstrated tremendous promise and emerged as the new standard. This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate survival outcomes and toxicities of this combination in patients with MBM. Data analyses were performed using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software (version 2) and IBM SPSS software (version 27). Methods: A systematic literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library (via Wiley) was conducted using PICOS/PRISMA selection protocol and included studies to evaluate survival and safety-associated outcomes of ICI + RT for the …


A Large Pericardial Cyst Presenting In A Healthy 31-Year-Old Female: A Case Study, Stephen A. Andreades 2023 Nova Southeastern University

A Large Pericardial Cyst Presenting In A Healthy 31-Year-Old Female: A Case Study, Stephen A. Andreades

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

The following is a case presentation of a 31-year-old healthy female that presented to the emergency department with right anterior flank pain for one day. The day before she was blow drying her hair while leaning forward, and when she flicked her hair back with forceful extension of her torso, she felt the right flank pain immediately. The patient took over-the-counter NSAIDs that did not relieve her symptoms which prompted her visit to the emergency department. Upon arrival to the emergency department, she was examined in the triage area. At the initial exam of the patient, there was consideration of …


2023-01-09_Michiganoverview_Covidbedppe, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services 2023 Western Michigan University

2023-01-09_Michiganoverview_Covidbedppe, Michigan Department Of Health & Human Services

Michigan COVID-19 Hospital Data

Contains the tables Statewide Hospital Capacity Report for COVID-19, COVID-19 Metrics, Statewide Hospital Available PPE Tracking for COVID-19, as well as the tables PPE Days On Hand and Patient Census.


Rota Ablation – When There Is No Other Option. A Complex Case Of 86 Years Old Male With Multiple Comorbids Presenting With Stemi, Tooba Sahar, Asaad Akbar Khan, Taha Abdul Rehman, Danish Iltaf Satti 2023 Cardiology Department Shifa International Hospital

Rota Ablation – When There Is No Other Option. A Complex Case Of 86 Years Old Male With Multiple Comorbids Presenting With Stemi, Tooba Sahar, Asaad Akbar Khan, Taha Abdul Rehman, Danish Iltaf Satti

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

The aim of this report is to explore the direct and long-term outcome in a high risk patient who was treated with rotational atherectomy (RA) to assist the placement of drug eluting stents in heavily calcified lesions. The patient presented with acute STEMI and had severely calcified Left main stem (LMS) disease, requiring plaque modification before coronary angioplasty and stent implantation. As the patient was elderly, with multiple comorbids including a number of coronary interventions, a decision of conservative management was made. Patient then re-presented with typical chest pain and pulmonary edema. A Heart Team meeting was called and high …


Reply To The Letter To The Editor Titled “Before Blaming Legionella For Severe Rhabdomyolysis, Consider Alternative Triggers”, Harish Gopalakrishna, Ahmad Al-abdouh, Gayatri Nair, Vinod Solipuram, Ammer Bekele 2023 Saint Agnes Hospital

Reply To The Letter To The Editor Titled “Before Blaming Legionella For Severe Rhabdomyolysis, Consider Alternative Triggers”, Harish Gopalakrishna, Ahmad Al-Abdouh, Gayatri Nair, Vinod Solipuram, Ammer Bekele

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

No abstract provided.


Before Blaming Legionella For Severe Rhabdomyolysis, Consider Alternative Triggers, Josef Finsterer, Fulvio A Scorza, Antonio-Carlos M de Almeida 2023 Neurology & Neurophysiology Center, Vienna, Austria

Before Blaming Legionella For Severe Rhabdomyolysis, Consider Alternative Triggers, Josef Finsterer, Fulvio A Scorza, Antonio-Carlos M De Almeida

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Abstract is not needed for article type letter to the editor


Table Of Contents, 2023 University of South Carolina

Table Of Contents

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


The Larsen Lab: A Center For Nanotherapeutic Strategies In The Central Nervous System (Cns2), Jessica M. Larsen 2023 Clemson University, Clemson, SC

The Larsen Lab: A Center For Nanotherapeutic Strategies In The Central Nervous System (Cns2), Jessica M. Larsen

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Instituting An Educational Module To Improve Knowledge Of Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity Among Anesthesia Providers, Alisha Marie Linehan, Chad Andrew McClure, Steven Taylor Moon, Shukhratilla Ibragimov Shamshitdinov, Julie Newton Bonom, Jason Michael Buehler 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Instituting An Educational Module To Improve Knowledge Of Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity Among Anesthesia Providers, Alisha Marie Linehan, Chad Andrew Mcclure, Steven Taylor Moon, Shukhratilla Ibragimov Shamshitdinov, Julie Newton Bonom, Jason Michael Buehler

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Local anesthetic use in the perioperative period is increasing in the United States as healthcare providers seek alternatives to opioid-based pain management. While increased use of local anesthetics has many benefits, their use also increases the risk of Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity (LAST), which is a serious and potentially life-threatening complication. A search of the literature indicates there is a considerable gap in knowledge of LAST among healthcare providers, including Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) and anesthesia residents. This knowledge gap is combined with a lack of standardized approaches to identifying and treating this complication. Identifying and treating LAST is …


The Effectiveness Of Pay-It-Forward In Addressing Hpv Vaccine Delay And Increasing Uptake Among 15–18-Year-Old Adolescent Girls Compared To User-Paid Vaccination: A Study Protocol For A Two-Arm Randomized Controlled Trial In China, Yifan Li, Chuanyu Qin, Shengyue Qiu, Yu He, Linchuan Pang, Xiaolan Xu, Vivian Wan-Cheong Yim, Shenglan Tang, Heng Du, Wenfeng Gong, Fan Yang, Joseph D. Tucker, Weiming Tang, Yun Wang, Leesa Lin, Mark Jit, Wei Song, Chunrong Li, Jennifer Smith, Jing Li, Dan Wu 2023 Sichuan University

The Effectiveness Of Pay-It-Forward In Addressing Hpv Vaccine Delay And Increasing Uptake Among 15–18-Year-Old Adolescent Girls Compared To User-Paid Vaccination: A Study Protocol For A Two-Arm Randomized Controlled Trial In China, Yifan Li, Chuanyu Qin, Shengyue Qiu, Yu He, Linchuan Pang, Xiaolan Xu, Vivian Wan-Cheong Yim, Shenglan Tang, Heng Du, Wenfeng Gong, Fan Yang, Joseph D. Tucker, Weiming Tang, Yun Wang, Leesa Lin, Mark Jit, Wei Song, Chunrong Li, Jennifer Smith, Jing Li, Dan Wu

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination could prevent cervical and other HPV-associated cancers attributable to vaccine-associated HPV types. However, HPV vaccination coverage among women aged 9–18 years old is low in China. Common barriers include poor financial affordability, minimal public engagement, and low confidence in domestically produced HPV vaccines. Pay-it-forward offers an individual a free or subsidized service then an opportunity to voluntarily donate and/or create a postcard message to support future people. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of pay-it-forward as compared to standard-of-care self-paid vaccination to improve HPV vaccine uptake among adolescent girls aged 15–18 years, who are …


Rural Redemption: A Model To Help Understand The Perspectives Of Rural Americans Related To Vaccine Science, Lauri Baker, Ashley McLeod-Morin, Chen-Xian Yang, Audrey E. H. King, Shelby Thomas, Kristina Boone 2023 University of Florida

Rural Redemption: A Model To Help Understand The Perspectives Of Rural Americans Related To Vaccine Science, Lauri Baker, Ashley Mcleod-Morin, Chen-Xian Yang, Audrey E. H. King, Shelby Thomas, Kristina Boone

Journal of Applied Communications

Rural communities are vital to the foundation of American agriculture and are currently disproportionately affected by health and environmental challenges that will require broad scientific solutions. Cooperative Extension professionals and agricultural communicators are increasingly tasked with communicating about the science surrounding these topics and need effective tools for determining strategic communication tactics to influence personal behaviors. The purpose of this study was to understand the role of community-based social marketing (CBSM) concepts and trust in science on rural Americans’ intentions and attitudes toward the COVID-19 vaccine. A hypothesized model was developed that included concepts of CBSM, trust in science, intentions, …


The Neuroadvocacy Toolkit: A Knowledge Translation Strategy To Strengthen Food Fortification Policies To Prevent Neural Tube Defects In Latin American Countries. A Mixed-Method Study, Kemel A. Ghotme 2023 George Washington University

The Neuroadvocacy Toolkit: A Knowledge Translation Strategy To Strengthen Food Fortification Policies To Prevent Neural Tube Defects In Latin American Countries. A Mixed-Method Study, Kemel A. Ghotme

Doctor of Philosophy in Translational Health Sciences Dissertations

Background. Neural tube defects are one of the leading congenital malformations that affect children in Latin America and worldwide, leading to pregnancy terminations, morbidity, mortality, and long-term disability. The most cost-effective and equitable way to prevent them is by implementing public health policies for food fortification with folic acid. However, a lack of knowledge translation strategies partly accounts for the incomplete enactment, enforcement, and scaling-up of mandatory fortification. There is no evidence in the scientific literature of studies attempting to identify the factors contributing to the development and implementation of knowledge translation strategies aiming to influence policymakers’ decisions regarding mandatory …


Coaching In Context Model (Version 4), Marie-Christine Potvin, MaryJane Mulcahey, Nicole Gerhardt 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Coaching In Context Model (Version 4), Marie-Christine Potvin, Maryjane Mulcahey, Nicole Gerhardt

Department of Occupational Therapy Faculty Papers

Coaching in Context (CinC) is a conversation-based approach intended to foster clients’ goal attainment through coach-facilitated self-discovery of insights and solutions. Anchored in positive psychology, CinC situates clients as resourceful experts, and builds upon clients’ strengths to promote awareness and insights about factors that potentially impact their goals, and to strengthen problem-solving skills. CinC conversations are contextualized within lived environments including tasks demands and life roles. CinC intends to operationalize and organize professional coaching competencies into a model that health, rehabilitation, education, and human service professionals can embed into their practice.

The CinC model was developed and published in four …


2023-01-06_Michiganoverview_Covidbedppe, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services 2023 Western Michigan University

2023-01-06_Michiganoverview_Covidbedppe, Michigan Department Of Health & Human Services

Michigan COVID-19 Hospital Data

Contains the tables Statewide Hospital Capacity Report for COVID-19, COVID-19 Metrics, Statewide Hospital Available PPE Tracking for COVID-19, as well as the tables PPE Days On Hand and Patient Census.


A Two-Day Virtual Workshop On The Micronutrient-Directed Nutrition-Focused Physical Exam For Ghanaian Nutrition Professionals: Examining Perceived Self-Efficacy And Innovation, Leah Anne Qubty, Freda Intiful, Andrea Arikawa, Leslie Van Horn, Lauri Wright 2023 Bethel University

A Two-Day Virtual Workshop On The Micronutrient-Directed Nutrition-Focused Physical Exam For Ghanaian Nutrition Professionals: Examining Perceived Self-Efficacy And Innovation, Leah Anne Qubty, Freda Intiful, Andrea Arikawa, Leslie Van Horn, Lauri Wright

Journal of Dietetic Education

Micronutrients are key components of various physiological processes. In Ghana, micronutrient deficiencies are common and medical resources are limited. Biochemical markers of nutrition status are costly and require specialized medical equipment. In the absence of available biochemical markers of nutrition status, the micronutrient-directed nutrition-focused physical exam is a viable tool. This mixed-methods research aimed to determine whether a two-day virtual workshop for Ghanaian nutrition professionals (N=131) would improve perceptions regarding the usefulness and self-efficacy of the micronutrient-directed nutrition-focused physical exam. Quantitative data were collected via a virtual pretest (immediately prior to the workshop) and a virtual posttest (immediately following the …


Digital Commons powered by bepress