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Extrapleural Hydatid Disease Of Chest: A Case Of Recurrent Hydatid Disease, Ameer Ali Khowaja, Saqib Ali Gowani, Asmatullah Khan, Saulat H. Fatimi 2017 Aga Khan University

Extrapleural Hydatid Disease Of Chest: A Case Of Recurrent Hydatid Disease, Ameer Ali Khowaja, Saqib Ali Gowani, Asmatullah Khan, Saulat H. Fatimi

Saulat Fatimi

Hydatid disease is a parasitic infestation by a tapeworm of the genus Echinococcus. We present the case of 34-year-old female who complained of chest pain and had a past history of hydatid cyst resection four times in last 15 years. She was found to have extrapleural hyatid cysts of chest that were removed via thoracotomy. The patient fully recovered and experienced an uneventful follow-up.


Dilemma In The Diagnosis Of Mediastinal Adenopathy In The South Asian Population-Role Of Ct Guided Biopsy, Mediastinoscopy And Video-Assisted Thoracoscopy (Vats), Marium Muzaffar, Hashim M Hanif, Saulat H. Fatimi 2017 Aga Khan University

Dilemma In The Diagnosis Of Mediastinal Adenopathy In The South Asian Population-Role Of Ct Guided Biopsy, Mediastinoscopy And Video-Assisted Thoracoscopy (Vats), Marium Muzaffar, Hashim M Hanif, Saulat H. Fatimi

Saulat Fatimi

The diagnosis of mediastinal adenopathy is a dilemma amongst treating physicians especially in South Asia. This is because although tuberculosis is endemic in this region, many a times lymphoma and sarcoidosis cannot be excluded. Often patients are being treated with medications without a confirmed diagnosis. The Video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS) has revolutionized the way mediastinal adenopathy is diagnosed and managed in this part of the world.


Cardiac Surgery In Octogenarians, Asmatullah Khan, Hassan Khan, Saulat H. Fatimi, Asadullah Khan 2017 Aga Khan University

Cardiac Surgery In Octogenarians, Asmatullah Khan, Hassan Khan, Saulat H. Fatimi, Asadullah Khan

Saulat Fatimi

In Europe and North America, cardiac surgery can be done successfully on octogenarians, but differences in patient selection, surgical and bypass techniques prevent us from concluding similarly in Pakistan. This study investigated the short and long-term outcomes of cardiac surgery in octogenarians operated over a 5 years period at The Aga Khan University Hospital, from January 2001 to December 2006. Seventeen octogenarians, (mean age 81.7 ± 2.3) underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Thirty-days hospital mortality was reported in only 1 patient. Surgical complication of any kind was reported in 13 (76.5%) patients with pleural effusion being the ...


Bronchial Carcinoid Presenting As Multiple Lung Abscesses, Zeeshan Waheed, Muhammad Irfan, Saulat Fatimi, Ruqaiya Shahid 2017 Aga Khan University

Bronchial Carcinoid Presenting As Multiple Lung Abscesses, Zeeshan Waheed, Muhammad Irfan, Saulat Fatimi, Ruqaiya Shahid

Saulat Fatimi

Bronchial carcinoid tumours is a rare group of pulmonary malignant neoplasm that is derived from neuroendocrine system. Bronchial carcinoid usually present with hilar masses, atelactasis, bronchiectasis, or post-obstructive pneumonia. This case describes a very unusual presentation of bronchial carcinoid tumour with multiple lung abscesses involving the whole lung. This report is of an adult lady who presented with multiple lung abscesses involving her whole of the right lung. She was found to have an endo-bronchial lesion in her right main bronchus which eventually turned out to be carcinoid tumour. She responded to resection and antibiotic therapy.


Delayed Presentation Of Forgotten Thyroid Goiter - 25 Years After Thyroidectomy, Fazal Wahab Khan, Ayesha Muhammad, Mohsin Abbas, Syed Usman Bin Mahmood, Benish Fatima, Saulat H. Fatimi 2017 Aga Khan University

Delayed Presentation Of Forgotten Thyroid Goiter - 25 Years After Thyroidectomy, Fazal Wahab Khan, Ayesha Muhammad, Mohsin Abbas, Syed Usman Bin Mahmood, Benish Fatima, Saulat H. Fatimi

Saulat Fatimi

Forgotten goiter is a rare occurrence (2 - 16% of retrosternal thyroid cases) that depicts recurrence of retrosternal thyroid mass due to growth of remnant thyroid tissue overlooked during an initial thyroidectomy. The patient is a 59-year female who presented with dyspnea and stridor 25 years after total thyroidectomy. She was diagnosed as having a mediastinal mass on radiographic imaging. There were only localized pressure symptoms due to mass effect. The mass was excised employing an extra-cervical approach and using a partial sternotomy. The profuse extension of thyroid tissue, adherent to vital structures in the thorax and the extra-cervical thyroidectomy was ...


Chylopericardium--A Rare Complication After Ventricular Septal Defect Repair, Saqib A Gowani, Ameer A Khowaja, Asmatullah Khan, Saulat H Fatimi 2017 Aga Khan University

Chylopericardium--A Rare Complication After Ventricular Septal Defect Repair, Saqib A Gowani, Ameer A Khowaja, Asmatullah Khan, Saulat H Fatimi

Saulat Fatimi

Chylopericardium is a rare complication of cardiac surgery. It may be caused by a lesion in the thoracic duct or its tributaries or by thrombosis in the confluence of the jugular and left subclavian veins, obstructing the drainage of the thoracic duct. The treatment may be conservative or surgical, depending on the duration and on the volume of the effusion. We report the case of a 1 1/2 year-old male, who, in the late postoperative period of VSD repair, was hospitalized with low-grade fever and breathlessness for one week due to the presence of chylopericardium. The clinical findings and ...


Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Presenting In The Sixth Decade Mimicking Pneumonia, Saulat H. Fatimi, Nida Sajjad, Marium Muzaffar, Hashim Muhammad Hanif 2017 Aga Khan University

Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Presenting In The Sixth Decade Mimicking Pneumonia, Saulat H. Fatimi, Nida Sajjad, Marium Muzaffar, Hashim Muhammad Hanif

Saulat Fatimi

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia presentation in adults is extremely rare. Patients who present with late diaphragmatic hernias complain of a wide variety of symptoms and diagnosis can be difficult. We report a case of a 64 year old male who presented with a six month history of cough, shortness of breath and weight loss. The most common strategy to treat a Bochdalek hernia is via a thoracotomy or laparotomy or both. In our patient the repair was performed with a thoracotomy.


Aspergilloma In A Patient With No Previous History Of Chronic Lung Disease, Sadaf Sheikh, Saulat H. Fatimi 2017 Aga Khan University

Aspergilloma In A Patient With No Previous History Of Chronic Lung Disease, Sadaf Sheikh, Saulat H. Fatimi

Saulat Fatimi

Patients with aspergilloma should undergo surgical treatment, because there is a risk of sudden life threatening hemoptysis and because there is no effective alternate medical therapy. We report a case of aspergilloma in a 47 year old man with no past history of tuberculosis presented with the complaint of hemoptysis for two weeks. It was diagnosed radiologically and treated with left upper lobectomy. Post operative course was complicated by cardiorhythmic disorder.


Aortic Dissection Or Myocardial Infarction?, Saulat H. Fatimi, Maria Mahboob, Awais Ashfaq 2017 Aga Khan University

Aortic Dissection Or Myocardial Infarction?, Saulat H. Fatimi, Maria Mahboob, Awais Ashfaq

Saulat Fatimi

Aortic dissection is a rare and a life threatening event. Classically, aortic dissection presents as sudden, severe chest, back or abdominal pain that is characterized as ripping or tearing in nature. However, a timely diagnosis can be elusive in the event of an atypical presentation. So, a high index of clinical suspicion is mandatory for the accurate and rapid diagnosis of aortic dissection .We report a case of a 56 years old male who presented with signs and symptoms of myocardial infarction and was later found to have aortic dissection. This patient was successfully managed with surgery.


Atresia Of The Descending Aorta In A Young Woman Requiring Bypass Graft, Ammarah Mashhood, Taimur Asif Ali, Saulat H. Fatimi 2017 Aga Khan University

Atresia Of The Descending Aorta In A Young Woman Requiring Bypass Graft, Ammarah Mashhood, Taimur Asif Ali, Saulat H. Fatimi

Saulat Fatimi

Congenital aortic atresia is a malformation accounting for 4 - 6% of all congenital heart diseases in children. Left ventricular outflow obstruction due to atresia is common at the aortic valve but rarely has atresia been identified in the descending aorta. We report the case of a 25-year woman who was evaluated for headache and uncontrolled hypertension. CTscan chest showed a short atretic segment in the descending aorta at the isthmus, distal to the takeoff of the subclavian artery. She underwent surgery; a 22 mm Dacron graft was taken and jump graft was placed between the arch of the aorta and ...


Chronic Hypobaric Hypoxia Modulates Primary Cilia Differently In Adult And Fetal Ovine Kidneys, Kiumars Shamloo, Juan Chen, Jasmine Sardar, Rinzhin T. Sherpa, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Kimberly F. Atkinson, William J. Pearce, Lubo Zhang, Surya M. Nauli 2017 Chapman University

Chronic Hypobaric Hypoxia Modulates Primary Cilia Differently In Adult And Fetal Ovine Kidneys, Kiumars Shamloo, Juan Chen, Jasmine Sardar, Rinzhin T. Sherpa, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Kimberly F. Atkinson, William J. Pearce, Lubo Zhang, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Hypoxic environments at high altitude have significant effects on kidney injury. Following injury, renal primary cilia display length alterations. Primary cilia are mechanosensory organelles that regulate tubular architecture. The effect of hypoxia on cilia length is still controversial in cultured cells, and no corresponding in vivo study exists. Using fetal and adult sheep, we here study the effect of chronic hypobaric hypoxia on the renal injury, intracellular calcium signaling and the relationship between cilia length and cilia function. Our results show that although long-term hypoxia induces renal fibrosis in both fetal and adult kidneys, fetal kidneys are more susceptible to ...


Hispanic Maternal And Children's Perceptions Of Neighborhood Safety Related To Walking And Cycling, Norma Olvera, Dennis W. Smith, Chanam Lee, Jian Liu, Jay Lee, Stephanie Kellam, Jun-Hyun Kim 2017 Marshall University

Hispanic Maternal And Children's Perceptions Of Neighborhood Safety Related To Walking And Cycling, Norma Olvera, Dennis W. Smith, Chanam Lee, Jian Liu, Jay Lee, Stephanie Kellam, Jun-Hyun Kim

Jian Liu

This study examined neighborhood safety as perceived by children (mean age=10 years) and their mothers, and its association with children's physical activity. For all eight safety items examined, children perceived their environment as less dangerous than mothers (p<0.05). None of the multiple regression models predicting children's physical activity by safety perceptions were significant (p>0.10). The maternal perception model explained the highest percentage of variance (R2=0.26), compared to the children's perception model (R2=0.22). Findings suggest that future studies should explore relations between self-reported and objectively measured safety barriers to Hispanic youth walking and cycling.


A Review Focujsed On The Psychological Effectiveness Of Tai Chi On Different Populations, Long Zhang, Thomas Lowder, Jian Liu 2017 Marshall University

A Review Focujsed On The Psychological Effectiveness Of Tai Chi On Different Populations, Long Zhang, Thomas Lowder, Jian Liu

Jian Liu

No abstract provided.


Recovery From Diffuse Brain Injuries: Two Case Studies., Alejandro E. Brice, Roanne G. Brice 2017 University of South Florida St. Petersburg

Recovery From Diffuse Brain Injuries: Two Case Studies., Alejandro E. Brice, Roanne G. Brice

Alejandro E. Brice

Subarachnoid hemorrhages (SAHs) are grave medical emergencies, whereas 30–50% of all SAHs may ultimately result in death. Subarachnoid hemorrhages share many resemblances with other neurological traumas such as a cerebral vascular accident, meningitis, and/or traumatic brain injury. Autoimmune encephalopathies (AE) occur when human antibodies assault the body’s cell surfaces and/or synaptic proteins. Consequently, widespread nervous system and diffuse brain involvement may occur. With subarachnoid hemorrhages and autoimmune encephalopathies, multiple areas of cognition and language can be impaired. Case studies in communication sciences and disorders are underutilized, yet are important in evidenced‐based practice. Speech-language pathologists in ...


Local Dynamic Stability Associated With Load Carrying, Jian Liu, Thurmon E. Lockhart 2017 Marshall University

Local Dynamic Stability Associated With Load Carrying, Jian Liu, Thurmon E. Lockhart

Jian Liu

Objectives: Load carrying tasks are recognized as one of the primary occupational factors leading to slip and fall injuries. Nevertheless, the mechanisms associated with load carrying and walking stability remain illusive. The objective of the current study was to apply local dynamic stability measure in walking while carrying a load, and to investigate the possible adaptive gait stability changes. Methods: Current study involved 25 young adults in a biomechanics research laboratory. One tri-axial accelerometer was used to measure three-dimensional low back acceleration during continuous treadmill walking. Local dynamic stability was quantified by the maximum Lyapunov exponent (maxLE) from a nonlinear ...


Aging Effect On Foot Dynamics During Unexpected Slips, Jian Liu, Thurmon E. Lockhart 2017 Marshall University

Aging Effect On Foot Dynamics During Unexpected Slips, Jian Liu, Thurmon E. Lockhart

Jian Liu

Slip-induced fall accidents have been recognized as a serious threat to the health of the elderly.The objective of the current study was to investigate the aging effect on the biomechanical reactions of both perturbed foot and unperturbed foot to the unexpected slips. Nineteen younger (mean age: 25.0 years old) and twenty-one older (mean age: 71.2 years old) adults were involved in a laboratory study,in which slippery surface was induced during walking without their awareness.The reactive responses of both slipping foot and unperturbed foot were quantified by optical motion capture system and force platforms.The results ...


Use Of Intravenous Anti-D In Patients With Refractory And Relapsed Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura, R. Sajid, Salman Adil, Z. Fadoo, S. Sabir, Mohammad Khurshid 2017 Aga Khan University

Use Of Intravenous Anti-D In Patients With Refractory And Relapsed Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura, R. Sajid, Salman Adil, Z. Fadoo, S. Sabir, Mohammad Khurshid

Mohammad Khurshid

Objective: To determine the response to IV anti-D and its comparison with splenectomy as second line therapy in refractory and relapsed cases of ITP, in the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. Methods: A total of 23 patients with chronic ITP were treated with either anti-D or splenectomy as second line treatment. The patients were assessed for time to achieve a response to second line treatment, duration ofresponse and adverse events. Results: There were 12 patients in the anti-D group and 11 in the splenectomy group. The mean platelet count at presentation was 9,000/cumm. The mean age was 8 ...


Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia Terminating In Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Safoorah Khalid, Salman Adil, Mohammad Khurshid 2017 Aga Khan University

Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia Terminating In Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Safoorah Khalid, Salman Adil, Mohammad Khurshid

Mohammad Khurshid

Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM) is a rare condition, accounting for approximately 2% of haematologic malignancies. The most common causes of death in these patients are progression of the malignant lymphoproliferative process, infection and cardiac failure. Acute leukemia is a rare event in the clinical course of WM. A number of case reports have documented the development of terminal acute leukemia in patients with WM following prolonged chemotherapy.


Serum Cholesterol In Neonates And Their Mothers. A Pilot Study, S.H. Badruddin, R. Lalani, Mohammad Khurshid, A. Molla, R. Qureshi, M.A. Khan 2017 Aga Khan University

Serum Cholesterol In Neonates And Their Mothers. A Pilot Study, S.H. Badruddin, R. Lalani, Mohammad Khurshid, A. Molla, R. Qureshi, M.A. Khan

Mohammad Khurshid

Reports from the Aga Khan University indicate that 58% of 400 school children studied had undesirably high serum cholesterol levels. The present study was undertaken to determine whether the high cholesterol levels are present at birth and to determine the relationship between cord blood, maternal blood cholesterol and maternal diet. Cord blood from 58 neonates and fasting venous blood form 45 mothers were analyzed for total serum cholesterol. Mothers were interviewed regarding their usual diet during pregnancy. Mean cord blood cholesterol was 56.90 mg/dl (range 26 to 123 mg/dI). Mean maternal blood cholesterol was 232.4mg/dl ...


Role Of Serum Angiotensin Converting Enzyme In Sarcoidosis, Aysha Habib, Farooq Ghani, Mohammad Khurshid, Amanullah Khan, M. Atta Khan 2017 Aga Khan University

Role Of Serum Angiotensin Converting Enzyme In Sarcoidosis, Aysha Habib, Farooq Ghani, Mohammad Khurshid, Amanullah Khan, M. Atta Khan

Mohammad Khurshid

This study was conducted to determine the role of Serum Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (SACE) as a marker in the differential diagnosis of pulmonary diseases and prognosis of sarcoidosis, A retrospective analysis of 113 medical records of patients at The Aga Khan University Hospital, with laboratory investigation for SACE was performed. Among 113 patients, 51 cases were found to have sarcoidosis, 44 of them had SACE levels greater than 52 lU/L (mean ACE 104.44). SACE levels were also found elevated in other clinical conditions like tuberculosis (mean 58.64 lUlL), but the enzyme level were less (p0.04) than ...


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