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Predictors Of Cardiovascular Health Promotion, Viola G. Benavente 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Predictors Of Cardiovascular Health Promotion, Viola G. Benavente

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death and disability in the United States (US), and underrepresented racial-ethnic groups experience cardiovascular health disparities in access to care, preventive services, and medical treatments. In Mexican-Americans, the burden of CHD is equal, if not greater than that of non-Hispanic whites. A health-promoting lifestyle can largely reduce cardiovascular risk and/or delay disease progression. Hence, the purpose of this study is to identify predictors associated with cardiovascular health-promoting lifestyle behaviors in Mexican-American women.

A descriptive cross-sectional study design targeted Mexican-American women residing in the Philadelphia area. A sample of 128 women ...


Cultivating Knowing And Relationships: A Grounded Theory Of Quality Of Death In The Nursing Home, Rebecca L. Trotta 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Cultivating Knowing And Relationships: A Grounded Theory Of Quality Of Death In The Nursing Home, Rebecca L. Trotta

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

ABSTRACT CULTIVATING KNOWING AND RELATIONSHIPS: A GROUNDED THEORY OF QUALITY OF DEATH IN THE NURSING HOME Rebecca L. Trotta, Author Sarah H. Kagan, Supervisor Understanding quality of death in the nursing home is mandated both by demographics and morality in an aging society. Nursing home residents are among the oldest and most physically and mentally frail members of our society. Today, approximately 40% of people die in nursing homes in the Untied States. Despite being a relatively commonplace event, death in the nursing home and the quality of it, are understood in limited terms. A recent dimensional analysis on palliative ...


Samoan Speech Audiometry: Developing Word Recognition Materials For Native Speakers Of Samoan, Emma Lilian Kruger 2010 Brigham Young University - Provo

Samoan Speech Audiometry: Developing Word Recognition Materials For Native Speakers Of Samoan, Emma Lilian Kruger

All Theses and Dissertations

Hearing can be evaluated through the presentation of tones or speech. Speech audiometry determines an individual's speech recognition threshold and word recognition score. Traditionally these materials were developed using familiar, frequently used, monosyllabic words. Currently, there are various types of word recognition materials including those which use word lists, short half-lists, and materials which use sentences level stimuli with competing noise. Word recognition materials were first developed in Standard American English; today, materials are now readily available in many other languages. When possible, word recognition materials are developed digitally to standardize their presentation. Currently, no recorded word recognition materials ...


The P Wave: Indicator Of Atrial Enlargement, Patrick Loftis 2010 Marquette University

The P Wave: Indicator Of Atrial Enlargement, Patrick Loftis

Physician Assistant Studies Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Adam10 Is A Critical Regulator Of B Cell Development, Antibody Production, And Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cell Expansion: Effects Of B Cell-Specific Adam10 Deletion And Overexpression In Vivo., David Gibb 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

Adam10 Is A Critical Regulator Of B Cell Development, Antibody Production, And Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cell Expansion: Effects Of B Cell-Specific Adam10 Deletion And Overexpression In Vivo., David Gibb

Theses and Dissertations

Proteolytic processing of transmembrane receptors and ligands can have dramatic effects on cell signaling and subsequent cellular responses. Previous studies demonstrated that a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 10 (ADAM10) may cleave numerous B cell-expressed receptors, including the low affinity IgE receptor (CD23). However, lethality of ADAM10-deficient embryos has limited examination of these cleavage events in lymphocytes. To investigate their role in B cell development and function, we generated B cell-specific ADAM10 knockout mice. Intriguingly, deletion prevented development of the entire marginal zone B cell (MZB) lineage. Further analysis revealed that ADAM10 is required for S2 cleavage of the Notch2 receptor and ...


Role Of Risk And Protective Factors In Risky Sexual Behavior Among High School Students In Cambodia, Siyan Yi, Krishna C. Poudel, Junko Yasuoka, Paula H. Palmer, Songky Yi, Masamine Jimba 2010 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Role Of Risk And Protective Factors In Risky Sexual Behavior Among High School Students In Cambodia, Siyan Yi, Krishna C. Poudel, Junko Yasuoka, Paula H. Palmer, Songky Yi, Masamine Jimba

Krishna C. Poudel

Background
In many developing countries, adolescents have become increasingly prone to engage in habitual risky sexual behavior such as early sexual initiation and unprotected sex. The objective of this study was to identify the operation of risk and protective factors in individual, family, peer, school, and community domains in predicting risky sexual behavior among male and female adolescents in Cambodia.
Methods
From October 2007 to January 2008, we collected data from 1,049 students aged 14 to 20 years. Risky sexual behavior was measured using a scale consisting of four items: sexual intercourse during the past three months, number of ...


The Long Path To Pregnancy: Early Experience With Dual Anonymous Gamete Donation In A European In Vitro Fertilisation Referral Centre., Eric Scott Sills, Lyubov O. Mykhaylyshyn, Ulyana S. Dorofeyeva, David J. Walsh, Umme Salma, Ahmed B. Omar, Graham D. Coull, Ileana A. David, Kathy M. Brickell, Olga M. Tsar, Anthony PH Walsh 2010 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

The Long Path To Pregnancy: Early Experience With Dual Anonymous Gamete Donation In A European In Vitro Fertilisation Referral Centre., Eric Scott Sills, Lyubov O. Mykhaylyshyn, Ulyana S. Dorofeyeva, David J. Walsh, Umme Salma, Ahmed B. Omar, Graham D. Coull, Ileana A. David, Kathy M. Brickell, Olga M. Tsar, Anthony Ph Walsh

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Articles

BACKGROUND: This investigation describes features of patients undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and embryo transfer (ET) where both gametes were obtained from anonymous donors.

METHODS: Gamete unsuitability or loss was confirmed in both members of seven otherwise healthy couples presenting for reproductive endocrinology consultation over a 12-month interval in Ireland. IVF was undertaken with fresh oocytes provided by anonymous donors in Ukraine; frozen sperm (anonymous donor) was obtained from a licensed tissue establishment. For recipients, saline-enhanced sonography was used to assess intrauterine contour with endometrial preparation via transdermal estrogen.

RESULTS: Among commissioning couples, mean+/-SD female and male age was ...


"Sleep Disparity" In The Population: Poor Sleep Quality Is Strongly Associated With Poverty And Ethnicity, Nirav P. Patel, Michael A. Grandner, Dawei Xie, Charles Branas, Nalaka Gooneratne 2010 University of Pennsylvania

"Sleep Disparity" In The Population: Poor Sleep Quality Is Strongly Associated With Poverty And Ethnicity, Nirav P. Patel, Michael A. Grandner, Dawei Xie, Charles Branas, Nalaka Gooneratne

Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics

Background: Little is known about the social determinants of sleep attainment. This study examines the relationship of race/ethnicity, socio-economic status (SES) and other factors upon sleep quality.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 9,714 randomly selected subjects was used to explore sleep quality obtained by self-report, in relation to socioeconomic factors including poverty, employment status, and education level. The primary outcome was poor sleep quality. Data were collected by the Philadelphia Health Management Corporation.

Results: Significant differences were observed in the outcome for race/ethnicity (African-American and Latino versus White: unadjusted OR = 1.59, 95% CI 1.24-2.05 ...


A Monocular Marker-Free Gait Measurement System, Jane Courtney, Annraoi M. De Paor 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

A Monocular Marker-Free Gait Measurement System, Jane Courtney, Annraoi M. De Paor

Articles

This paper presents a new, user-friendly, portable motion capture and gait analysis system for capturing and analyzing human gait, designed as a telemedicine tool to monitor remotely the progress of patients through treatment. The system requires minimal user input and simple single-camera filming (which can be acquired from a basic webcam) making it very accessible to nontechnical, nonclinical personnel. This system can allow gait studies to acquire a much larger data set and allow trained gait analysts to focus their skills on the interpretation phase of gait analysis. The design uses a novel motion capture method derived from spatiotemporal segmentation ...


Brain Mapping Of The Mismatch Negativity And The P300 Response In Speech And Nonspeech Stimulus Processing, Skylee Simmons Neff 2010 Brigham Young University - Provo

Brain Mapping Of The Mismatch Negativity And The P300 Response In Speech And Nonspeech Stimulus Processing, Skylee Simmons Neff

All Theses and Dissertations

Previous studies have found that behavioral and P300 responses to speech are influenced by linguistic cues in the stimuli. Research has found conflicting data regarding the influence of phonemic characteristics of stimuli in the mismatch negativity (MMN) response. The current investigation is a replication of the study designed by Tampas et al. (2005), which studied the effects of linguistic cues on the MMN response. This current study was designed to determine whether the MMN response is influenced by phonetic or purely acoustic stimuli, and to expand our knowledge of the scalp distribution of processing responses to within- and across-category speech ...


Health Care In Aymara Women In The North Of Chile, Rossana Testa PhD, Academic Director 2010 SIT Study Abroad Chile: Public Health, Traditional Medicine, and Community Empowerment

Health Care In Aymara Women In The North Of Chile, Rossana Testa Phd, Academic Director

Fostering Multicultural Competence and Global Justice: an SIT Symposium

Background: In Chile the most important indigenous population lives in a determined territory, we found Mapuche people in the south and the Aymara people in the north of the country. The majority of the indigenous people live in the urban zones. However, the indigenous people that live at the rural areas are who conserve their traditional medicine practices.

The region of Arica and Parinacota is the northern region of Chile and has the largest concentration of the Aymara indigenous group in all of Chile.

At the rural areas are the women whom most attended at the public health system, especially ...


Strengthening Civil Society And Community Capacity To Respond To Hiv/Aids, Blanka Homolova MA, Senior HIV/AIDS Specialist, Jennifer Whatley MA, Senior Technical Specialist for Civil Society and Governance Programs 2010 World Learning - International Development Programs

Strengthening Civil Society And Community Capacity To Respond To Hiv/Aids, Blanka Homolova Ma, Senior Hiv/Aids Specialist, Jennifer Whatley Ma, Senior Technical Specialist For Civil Society And Governance Programs

Fostering Multicultural Competence and Global Justice: an SIT Symposium

The Global Fund and PEFPAR have increased resources for preventing, treating, and caring for HIV/AIDS and dramatically changed the ways in which the HIV/AIDS epidemic is addressed internationally. While attention often focuses on the roles of government and health workers, national civil society organizations (CSOs) and local communities are gaining recognition and key roles to play in responding to HIV/AIDS in many countries. For CSOs and communities, however, accessing Global Fund and PEPFAR resources can be challenging given these mechanisms’ technical, financial, and programmatic requirements. Insufficient capacity of potential recipients to manage the funds presents a challenge ...


The Feminization Of Hiv: Patriarchy As A Threat To Public Health In Ecuador – A Trans-Feminist Perspective, Fabián Espinosa MA, Academic Director 2010 SIT Study Abroad, Ecuador: National Identity, Ethnicity, and Social Movements

The Feminization Of Hiv: Patriarchy As A Threat To Public Health In Ecuador – A Trans-Feminist Perspective, Fabián Espinosa Ma, Academic Director

Fostering Multicultural Competence and Global Justice: an SIT Symposium

This article attempts to analyze male sexual conduct in Ecuador and its determining role in the feminization of HIV. Male promiscuity, not only tolerated but celebrated by sexist discourse, severely impairs public health initiatives and remains one of the critical issues for both individuals and collectives struggling for structural changes in sexual politics. The exercise of citizenships, sustained by a new constitutional framework, embraces the principle of “subversion from within”, the only significant way of challenging heterosexist imaginaries and practices. This type of activism focuses on the formal and normative political dimension of sex and gender, but also and most ...


Comparative Experiential Education In Global Health For Undergraduates: A Platform For Careers And Lifelong Learning In Public Health, Lois McCloskey DrPH, MPH, onsultant, Founding Program Director, Health and Community, Christopher J. Colvin PhD, MPH, Program Director, Faculty and Country Coordinator, South Africa, Health and Community 2010 World Learning - International Honors Program

Comparative Experiential Education In Global Health For Undergraduates: A Platform For Careers And Lifelong Learning In Public Health, Lois Mccloskey Drph, Mph, Onsultant, Founding Program Director, Health And Community, Christopher J. Colvin Phd, Mph, Program Director, Faculty And Country Coordinator, South Africa, Health And Community

Fostering Multicultural Competence and Global Justice: an SIT Symposium

In 2005, the International Honors Program, a longstanding organization that runs comparative study abroad programs, launched its “Health and Community” (HC) Program. The program is offered to upper-level undergraduates from across the US and from a wide range of disciplinary backgrounds. It travels to four countries in one semester and uses lectures, site visits, case study research and homestay experiences to engage students in critical and comparative thinking about health and illness at both the global and community levels. The interdisciplinary curriculum combines the perspectives of political economy, medical anthropology, and public health and each country program focuses learning around ...


A Team Public Health Research Project For First-Year Pharmacy Students To Apply Content From Didactic Courses, David Fuentes, Nancy DeGuire, Rajul Patel, Eric Boyce 2010 Pacific University

A Team Public Health Research Project For First-Year Pharmacy Students To Apply Content From Didactic Courses, David Fuentes, Nancy Deguire, Rajul Patel, Eric Boyce

Faculty Scholarship (PHRM)

Objectives. To implement and assess a first-year pharmacy student group research project that provided practical hands-on application and reinforced the curricula of concurrent didactic courses.
Design. Groups of 6 to 7 students chose a public health topic based on the Healthy People 2010 Priority Areas and created a survey instrument. Faculty facilitated mock institutional review board (IRB) review sessions which provided teams with ongoing feedback and refinement recommendations before each team administered their survey instrument to a predefined population. Data analysis, formal written reports, and oral presentations were presented to peers and project faculty members.
Assessment. Teams complied with the ...


A Team Public Health Research Project For First-Year Pharmacy Students To Apply Content From Didactic Courses, David Fuentes, Nancy DeGuire, Rajul A. Patel, Eric G. Boyce 2010 Pacific University

A Team Public Health Research Project For First-Year Pharmacy Students To Apply Content From Didactic Courses, David Fuentes, Nancy Deguire, Rajul A. Patel, Eric G. Boyce

School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences Faculty Articles

Objectives. To implement and assess a first-year pharmacy student group research project that provided practical hands-on application and reinforced the curricula of concurrent didactic courses.

Design. Groups of 6 to 7 students chose a public health topic based on the Healthy People 2010 Priority Areas and created a survey instrument. Faculty facilitated mock institutional review board (IRB) review sessions which provided teams with ongoing feedback and refinement recommendations before each team administered their survey instrument to a predefined population. Data analysis, formal written reports, and oral presentations were presented to peers and project faculty members.

Assessment. Teams complied with the ...


Fmrfamide-Like Peptides (Flps) Enhance Voltage-Gated Calcium Currents To Elicit Muscle Contraction In The Human Parasite Schistosoma Mansoni, Ekaterina Novozhilova, Michael J. Kimber, Hai Qian, Paul McVeigh, Alan P. Robertson, Mostafa Zamanian, Aaron G. Maule, Timothy A. Day 2010 Iowa State University

Fmrfamide-Like Peptides (Flps) Enhance Voltage-Gated Calcium Currents To Elicit Muscle Contraction In The Human Parasite Schistosoma Mansoni, Ekaterina Novozhilova, Michael J. Kimber, Hai Qian, Paul Mcveigh, Alan P. Robertson, Mostafa Zamanian, Aaron G. Maule, Timothy A. Day

Biomedical Sciences Publications

Schistosomes are amongst the most important and neglected pathogens in the world, and schistosomiasis control relies almost exclusively on a single drug. The neuromuscular system of schistosomes is fertile ground for therapeutic intervention, yet the details of physiological events involved in neuromuscular function remain largely unknown. Short amidated neuropeptides, FMRFamide-like peptides (FLPs), are distributed abundantly throughout the nervous system of every flatworm examined and they produce potent myoexcitation. Our goal here was to determine the mechanism by which FLPs elicit contractions of schistosome muscle fibers. Contraction studies showed that the FLP Tyr-Ile-Arg-Phe-amide (YIRFamide) contracts the muscle fibers through a mechanism ...


Universal Session-Level Change Processes In An Early Session Of Psychotherapy: Path Models, Gregory Kolden, Sarah Chisholm-Stockard, Timothy Strauman, Sandy Tierney, Elizabeth Mullen, Kristin Schneider 2010 University of Wisconsin

Universal Session-Level Change Processes In An Early Session Of Psychotherapy: Path Models, Gregory Kolden, Sarah Chisholm-Stockard, Timothy Strauman, Sandy Tierney, Elizabeth Mullen, Kristin Schneider

Kristin L. Schneider

The authors used structural equation modeling to investigate universal change processes identified in the generic model of psychotherapy (GMP). Three path models of increasing complexity were examined in Study 1 in dynamic therapy. The best fitting model from Study 1 was replicated in Study 2 for participants receiving either cognitive or interpersonal therapy. Findings provided support for the universality of the GMP constructs in different types of therapy. Positive influences for therapeutic bond, openness, and realizations were observed, as was a surprising negative impact for one aspect of bond. Discussion highlights a complex conception of the therapy relationship that underscores ...


Self-System Therapy As An Intervention For Self-Regulatory Dysfunction In Depression: A Randomized Comparison With Cognitive Therapy, Timothy Strauman, Angela Vieth, Kari Merrill, Gregory Kolden, Teresa Woods, Marjorie Klein, Alison Papadakis, Kristin Schneider, Lori Kwapil 2010 Duke University

Self-System Therapy As An Intervention For Self-Regulatory Dysfunction In Depression: A Randomized Comparison With Cognitive Therapy, Timothy Strauman, Angela Vieth, Kari Merrill, Gregory Kolden, Teresa Woods, Marjorie Klein, Alison Papadakis, Kristin Schneider, Lori Kwapil

Kristin L. Schneider

Self-system therapy (SST) is a new therapy based on regulatory focus theory (E. T. Higgins, 1997) for depressed individuals unable to pursue promotion goals effectively. The authors conducted a randomized trial comparing SST with cognitive therapy (CT) in a sample of 45 patients with a range of depressive symptoms to test 2 hypotheses: that SST would be more efficacious for depressed individuals characterized by inadequate socialization toward pursuing promotion goals and that SST would lead to greater reduction in dysphoric responses to priming of promotion goals. There was no overall difference in efficacy between treatments, but patients whose socialization history ...


Intention-To-Treat Analyses In Behavioral Medicine Randomized Clinical Trials, Sherry Pagoto, Andrea Kozak, Priya John, Jamie Bodenlos, Donald Hedeker, Bonnie Spring, Kristin Schneider 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Intention-To-Treat Analyses In Behavioral Medicine Randomized Clinical Trials, Sherry Pagoto, Andrea Kozak, Priya John, Jamie Bodenlos, Donald Hedeker, Bonnie Spring, Kristin Schneider

Kristin L. Schneider

BACKGROUND: Intention-to-treat (ITT) is an analytic approach where all randomized participants are included in analyses and in their originally assigned condition, regardless of adherence or protocol deviation. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to determine whether reporting and correct use of ITT in behavioral medicine randomized clinical trials (RCTs) published in behavioral journals has improved in recent years. METHOD: ITT and related analytic conventions were examined in behavioral medicine RCTs (N = 87) published in Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Health Psychology, and the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology in the years 2000-2003 and then again in 2006-2007. Logistic regression analyses tested ...


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