Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

133206 Full-Text Articles 211772 Authors 33395202 Downloads 382 Institutions

All Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Faceted Search

133206 full-text articles. Page 3880 of 4475.

Osteoblasts Aggregates Cultivated In A 3-Dimensional Culture Environment Rigorously Respond To Porphyromonas Gingivalis Culture Supernatants, Amy Marie Riffel 2011 University of Iowa

Osteoblasts Aggregates Cultivated In A 3-Dimensional Culture Environment Rigorously Respond To Porphyromonas Gingivalis Culture Supernatants, Amy Marie Riffel

Theses and Dissertations

An exciting alternative to the current methods for bone regeneration is osseous tissue engineering. One such method focuses on enhancement of osteoblast differentiation through rotary cell culture techniques. The response of osteoblast aggregates to periodontal microorganisms and their by-products will ultimately be important in their success as a method of bone regeneration. In this study, I hypothesize that human embryonic palatal mesenchymal (HEPM, ATCC 1486) pre-osteoblast cells produce different cytokine responses depending upon whether they are grown in a 2-dimensional tissue culture flask or a 3-dimensional tissue culture vessel and whether they are exposed to an un-inoculated, sterile Porphyromonas gingivalis ...


Interproximal Tooth Wear: An In Vivo Pilot Study, Nicholas Rindels Smith 2011 University of Iowa

Interproximal Tooth Wear: An In Vivo Pilot Study, Nicholas Rindels Smith

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this pilot study was to develop a method to quantify the surface area of interproximal wear facets present in the human dentition. Another aim was to investigate the reliability of this method and possible correlations between the amount of interproximal tooth wear and vertical craniofacial morphology. The study was carried out on 24 adolescent individuals immediately prior to orthodontic treatment. Following interproximal contact separation of one week, interproximal impressions were taken with polyvinyl siloxane and a positive stone model was fabricated with type IV dental stone. The model of the wear facet was imaged using a computer-operated ...


Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids: Methods To Reduce Atherosclerosis In The Obese Minipig, Mary E. Hall 2011 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids: Methods To Reduce Atherosclerosis In The Obese Minipig, Mary E. Hall

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Understanding Autism, Kaileigh J. Sweeney 2011 University of Rhode Island

Understanding Autism, Kaileigh J. Sweeney

Senior Honors Projects

Understanding Autism

Kaileigh Sweeney

Faculty Sponsor: Carolyn Hames

Autism spectrum disorders are greatly misunderstood in today’s society. In the United States, it is estimated that 1 in 110 children are diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder. Despite this high prevalence, a great deal of the population is under the impression that a diagnosis of autism is straight forward and indicative of one set of devastating signs and symptoms. However, the severity of this disorder can range from mild to severe. According to the National Institute of Health, an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a range of complex neurodevelopment disorders ...


Une Étude Des Systèmes De Santé En France Et Aux États-Unis Et Des Leçons Que Les États-Unis Peuvent Tirer Du Système De Santé Français, Olivia A. Morin 2011 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Une Étude Des Systèmes De Santé En France Et Aux États-Unis Et Des Leçons Que Les États-Unis Peuvent Tirer Du Système De Santé Français, Olivia A. Morin

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Cardiac Kids: Obesity Intervention Program In Elementary School Children, Christen Rose Waddell, Lisa Wagoner, Bonnie Callen, Carolyn Perry-Burst, Aneisa McDonald, Marcia Spence 2011 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Cardiac Kids: Obesity Intervention Program In Elementary School Children, Christen Rose Waddell, Lisa Wagoner, Bonnie Callen, Carolyn Perry-Burst, Aneisa Mcdonald, Marcia Spence

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


The Mind In Motion, Shayan A. Gates 2011 University of Rhode Island

The Mind In Motion, Shayan A. Gates

Senior Honors Projects

The Mind in Motion

Shayan Gates

Faculty Sponsor: Galen Johnson, Philosophy

The origin of most scientific disciplines can be traced back to a few philosophical insights posed by a few curious thinkers throughout time, and cognitive science is no exception.While intrigue has nearly always surrounded the human mind and its relation to the brain, validation of this relationship has not been so easy to come by, and there are still areas of contention during this time of advancement in neurological sciences and related technologies.

This topic is very broad (to say the least) so I decided to confine this ...


Investigation Of Improvements In The Quality Of Life For Cancer Patients, Joelle M. Gagnon 2011 University of Rhode Island

Investigation Of Improvements In The Quality Of Life For Cancer Patients, Joelle M. Gagnon

Senior Honors Projects

Investigation of Improvements in the Quality of Life for Cancer Patients

Joelle Gagnon

Faculty Sponsor: Lenore Martin, CELS

The treatment of cancer has been a topic of study for decades due to the devastating effects of the disease and the need for a therapeutic regimen that presents maximum efficacy with minimal toxicity. For cancer patients, quality of life is disturbed by not only the pathogenesis of disease, but also the potential toxic effects on the body as a result of the prescribed therapeutic regimen. Topoisomerase inhibition is a molecular mechanism of action of chemotherapy agents that have been of clinical ...


Crossing Borders In La Cocina: Constructing A Bilingual Community-Based Culinary Guide For A Healthier Tomorrow In Knoxville's Lonsdale Community, Erin M. Groh 2011 Chancellor's Honors Program, UTK

Crossing Borders In La Cocina: Constructing A Bilingual Community-Based Culinary Guide For A Healthier Tomorrow In Knoxville's Lonsdale Community, Erin M. Groh

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Optimism On Determining Alpha Wave State, David James Dyrek 2011 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Effect Of Optimism On Determining Alpha Wave State, David James Dyrek

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


When Swallowing Becomes Impossible, Jessica Dowdy 2011 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

When Swallowing Becomes Impossible, Jessica Dowdy

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Assessing The Cultural Competence Of Healthcare Professionals In A Psychiatric Setting, Jean Kulas 2011 University of Rhode Island

Assessing The Cultural Competence Of Healthcare Professionals In A Psychiatric Setting, Jean Kulas

Senior Honors Projects

Hospitals, nursing homes, and mental health facilities throughout Rhode Island admit patients from a multitude of cultures on a daily basis. As a result, healthcare professionals are often taking care of patients from backgrounds other than their own. Different groups of people have their own set of norms and unique views regarding medical treatment. How knowledgeable are healthcare workers about certain cultural practices, beliefs, and symptomatology?

My goal was to assess the cultural competency of healthcare professionals in a psychiatric and mental health facility in Rhode Island. I chose to focus on the mental health setting instead of a general ...


Finding Healthy In Affordability, Courteney Tucker 2011 University of Rhode Island

Finding Healthy In Affordability, Courteney Tucker

Senior Honors Projects

No abstract provided.


One For All: Employing People With Disabilities, Krista M. Simeone 2011 University of Rhode Island

One For All: Employing People With Disabilities, Krista M. Simeone

Senior Honors Projects

One for All: Employing People with Disabilities

Krista Simeone

Faculty Sponsor: Susan Roush, Physical Therapy



The creators of our constitution believed that all men are endowed with certain unalienable rights, one of which being the Pursuit of Happiness. We all measure happiness in our own lives differently, and many of us find happiness in what we do each day. President Theodore Roosevelt once said “Far and away the best prize that life offers is the chance to work hard at work worth doing.” Everyone should have the privilege of serving a purpose within their society, however, people with disabilities often ...


Over The Counter (Otc) Analgesics: A Knowledge And Usage Assessment In College Students, Nicole Patel 2011 University of Rhode Island

Over The Counter (Otc) Analgesics: A Knowledge And Usage Assessment In College Students, Nicole Patel

Senior Honors Projects

This project was designed to assess the general understanding of OTC pain relievers and their management via a survey in a college student population. From this data, an educational program was developed in conjunction with the College of Pharmacy and Health Services to educate college students on the dangers of OTC analgesic misuse.

164 college students aged 18 years and older were recruited in-person to participate in a brief survey. This 12 question survey was developed to assess the general understanding and current usage of OTC analgesics. Specifically, health majors were compared to non-health majors in relation to the answers ...


The Effects Of Climate Change On Public Health And The Healthcare Provider's Role In Addressing Climate Change, Allyson J. Pfeiffer 2011 University of Rhode Island

The Effects Of Climate Change On Public Health And The Healthcare Provider's Role In Addressing Climate Change, Allyson J. Pfeiffer

Senior Honors Projects

“Climate change is a term that refers to major changes in temperature, rainfall, snow, or wind patterns lasting for decades or longer. Both human-made and natural factors contribute to climate change” (EPA, p. 1, 2011). Some examples of human-made causes of global warming include burning fossil fuels (e.g., petroleum, coal, diesel), cutting down forests, and developing land for farms, cities, and roads, because these activities all release green house gases into the atmosphere. Green house gases are gases that trap heat in the atmosphere. There are some greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide that occur naturally and are emitted ...


Healthcare Issues In The United States And Beyond With Existentialist Philosophy, Kristen D'Entremont 2011 University of Rhode Island

Healthcare Issues In The United States And Beyond With Existentialist Philosophy, Kristen D'Entremont

Senior Honors Projects

Healthcare Issues in the United States and Beyond with Existentialist Philosophy

Kristen D’Entremont
Faculty Sponsor: Gail Faris, Women’s Center

The importance of quality healthcare is a personal matter for each and every individual across the globe. We cannot go a day without considering the impact that proper health through good nutrition, disease prevention, and access to care has on our bodies. The topic of medical care has interested me for many years and has lead me to the major and position that I am in today. As a senior, majoring in Biology with a pre-medical focus, I will ...


Proliferation Of Cross Border Trade In Health Services, Kevin Tolliver 2011 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Proliferation Of Cross Border Trade In Health Services, Kevin Tolliver

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Upper Body Bone Strength And Muscle Function In Non-Elite Artistic Gymnasts, Lauren A. Burt 2011 Australian Catholic University

Upper Body Bone Strength And Muscle Function In Non-Elite Artistic Gymnasts, Lauren A. Burt

Theses

Musculoskeletal development in the upper limbs of non-elite female gymnasts during pre and early pubescent growth is under researched. Most studies have focussed on elite rather than non-elite gymnasts, via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The purpose of this thesis was to longitudinally characterise the effects of non-elite female artistic gymnastics participation on upper limb musculoskeletal parameters using peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT), DXA and muscle function assessments.

Three major studies were designed. Study one compared the upper limb of two groups of gymnasts (high-training gymnasts (HGYM), participating in 6-16 hr/wk, low-training gymnasts (LGYM), participating in 1-5 hr/wk) and ...


Challenges And Opportunities For Developing Countries From Medical Tourism, Avinash M. Waikar, Samuel D. Cappel, Uday S. Tate 2011 Marshall University

Challenges And Opportunities For Developing Countries From Medical Tourism, Avinash M. Waikar, Samuel D. Cappel, Uday S. Tate

Management Faculty Research

Wikipedia defines “Medical Tourism” as the act of traveling to other countries to obtain medical, dental and surgical care. Rapid expansion of facilities for patients abroad has helped to spur this industry’s growth. Regardless of the destination, U.S. citizens are increasingly embracing the benefits of medical tourism due to dramatically rising U.S. healthcare costs. Medical care in countries such as India, Mexico, Thailand and Singapore can cost as little as ten percent of the cost of comparable care in the U.S. for some procedures. Statistical analysis revealed the costs to be significantly lower for many of ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress