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Liking, Craving, And Attentional Bias In Non-Dependent Drinkers, David Lovett 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Liking, Craving, And Attentional Bias In Non-Dependent Drinkers, David Lovett

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the present study was to better understand alcohol use problems by examining the effect of alcohol liking on alcohol attentional bias among non-dependent drinkers. An adapted model of Robinson and Berridge’s (1993) incentive-sensitization theory of addiction was proposed which theorized that manipulation of alcohol liking would produce alcohol attentional bias (assessed via visual probe task) among non-dependent drinkers. To test this adapted model, alcohol liking was manipulated and the effect on alcohol attentional bias was examined. Participants were 53 legal-age, college drinkers (Mage = 23.49; 32.1% female; 67.9% White Non-Hispanic). Participants completed measures of ...


Assessing The Long-Term Effects Of Brief Behavioral Health Treatment In Primary Care Patients, Debbie Gomez 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Assessing The Long-Term Effects Of Brief Behavioral Health Treatment In Primary Care Patients, Debbie Gomez

Theses and Dissertations

Although increasingly studies show brief behavioral health services are effective for primary care patients (Bridges et al., 2013; Bryan, Morrow, & Appolonio, 2009; Corso et al., 2012; Gomez et al., 2014), there is a paucity of research exploring the long-term effects of these interventions (e.g., Ray-Sannerud, 2012). The primary aim of the current study was to explore long-term effectiveness. Specifically, the current study 1) examined whether reductions in patient global distress following brief behavioral health care services were maintained long-term, 2) evaluated whether improvements were reliable and not due to regression to the mean effects, and 3) explored medical cost offset via ...


Impact Of Natural Blind Spot Location On Perimetry., Mengyu Wang, Lucy Q. Shen, Michael V. Boland, Sarah R. Wellik, Carlos Gustavo De Moraes, Jonathan S. Myers, Peter J. Bex, Tobias Elze 2017 Harvard Medical School

Impact Of Natural Blind Spot Location On Perimetry., Mengyu Wang, Lucy Q. Shen, Michael V. Boland, Sarah R. Wellik, Carlos Gustavo De Moraes, Jonathan S. Myers, Peter J. Bex, Tobias Elze

Wills Eye Institute Papers

We study the spatial distribution of natural blind spot location (NBSL) and its impact on perimetry. Pattern deviation (PD) values of 11,449 reliable visual fields (VFs) that are defined as clinically unaffected based on summary indices were extracted from 11,449 glaucoma patients. We modeled NBSL distribution using a two-dimensional non-linear regression approach and correlated NBSL with spherical equivalent (SE). Additionally, we compared PD values of groups with longer and shorter distances than median, and larger and smaller angles than median between NBSL and fixation. Mean and standard deviation of horizontal and vertical NBSL were 14.33° ± 1.37 ...


Improving Service Delivery Through Provider Training: A Process Evaluation Of The Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System “Commitment To Serve” Workshop, Ismael Barrera 2017 San Jose State University

Improving Service Delivery Through Provider Training: A Process Evaluation Of The Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System “Commitment To Serve” Workshop, Ismael Barrera

Master's Projects

As the customer-focused management strategies gradually advances into all of the VISNs [Veterans Integrated Service Networks], the Veterans Health Administration in Palo Alto, California implemented a customer service training program for employees to meet the diverse and complex needs of its customers. This research will analyze whether participants in this training, known as Commitment to SERVE, believe that it is achieving its goal. In other words, does the Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System (VAPAHCS) staff perceive the Commitment to SERVE workshop as a beneficial customer service training program?


The Bobsled Push Start: Influence On Race Outcome And Push Athlete Talent Identification And Monitoring, Alex Harrison 2017 East Tennessee State University

The Bobsled Push Start: Influence On Race Outcome And Push Athlete Talent Identification And Monitoring, Alex Harrison

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Bobsled is an Olympic sport that has progressed from rudimentary in the 1800’s to highly technological replete with biomechanical analyses and investment in engineering from the world’s top engineers. Little to no investigation has been carried out on all the tracks and the interrelationship between various measures of starts and sled-travel down-track. Further, little quality research has been produced in the athletic characteristics required for high-level competition in bobsled.

The present manuscript investigates the reliability of, and interrelationship between, start time, start velocity, split times, and finish times in World Cup 2- and 4-man bobsled competition. A strong ...


Discharge Readiness For Families With A Premature Infant Living In Appalachia, Kathy Zimmerman 2017 East Tennessee State University

Discharge Readiness For Families With A Premature Infant Living In Appalachia, Kathy Zimmerman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With increased advances in technology, the overall survival rates in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) for premature infants at lower gestational ages, has also increased. Although premature infants survive at lower gestational ages, they are often discharged to home with unresolved medical issues. While the birth of a new baby for parents is a joyous occasion, they often have difficulty coping and transitioning into a parental role. Premature infants also have ongoing complications such as difficulty with feeding, developmental delays in growth, and long-term eye and respiratory complications. As a result of chronic health sequelae, premature infants require extensive ...


Primary Headache Disorders In The Adult General Population Of Pakistan - A Cross Sectional Nationwide Prevalence Survey., A. A. Herekar,, A. Ahmad, , U. L. Uqaili, Bilal Ahmed, J Effendi, S. Z. Alvi, , M. A. Shahab, U. Javed, A. D. Herekar, Rafiq Khanani, T. J. Steiner 2017 Headache Research Foundation of Pakistan, Karachi, Pakistan.

Primary Headache Disorders In The Adult General Population Of Pakistan - A Cross Sectional Nationwide Prevalence Survey., A. A. Herekar,, A. Ahmad, , U. L. Uqaili, Bilal Ahmed, J Effendi, S. Z. Alvi, , M. A. Shahab, U. Javed, A. D. Herekar, Rafiq Khanani, T. J. Steiner

Department of Medicine

Background: The large geographical gaps in our knowledge of the prevalence and burden of headache disorders include almost all of Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). We report a nationwide population-based study in Pakistan, an EMR country with the sixth largest population in the world, conducted as a project within the Global Campaign against Headache.

Methods: We surveyed six locations from the four provinces of Pakistan: Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan. We randomly selected and visited rural and urban households in each. One adult member (18–65 years) of each household, also randomly selected, was interviewed by a trained non-medical interviewer ...


The Effects Of Perinatal Methamphetamine Use On Maternal And Child Outcomes: Implications For Education Among Bsn Nursing Students, Tina Nguyen 2017 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

The Effects Of Perinatal Methamphetamine Use On Maternal And Child Outcomes: Implications For Education Among Bsn Nursing Students, Tina Nguyen

Honors Theses

The implications of methamphetamine use are vast and prevalent in the U.S. This epidemic is also well recognized in Tennessee and in Hamilton County. The number of men and women that continue to use methamphetamine speaks to the importance of this issue. Among these individuals, pregnant women comprise a significant portion of female methamphetamine users across the United States. The potential complications that can arise for not only a mother but also her child due to maternal methamphetamine use pose a much more significant issue. The detrimental effects that a child can experience as a result of maternal methamphetamine ...


A Clinical Nurse Leader Initiative: Promoting Mobility Among Long-Term Care Facility Residents, Ulyses Reamico 2017 The University of San Francisco

A Clinical Nurse Leader Initiative: Promoting Mobility Among Long-Term Care Facility Residents, Ulyses Reamico

Master's Projects and Capstones

Maintenance of mobility during hospitalization or stay in long-term care facility result in improved patient outcomes including but not limited to decreased incidence of falls, non-pharmacological pain intervention, and prevention of further functional decline. In a 45-bed rehabilitation unit of a Veterans Affairs (VA) health care facility, a clinical nurse leader (CNL) initiative was done to promote mobility among the patients to mitigate functional decline. The patients, also referred to as clients or residents in long-term care facilities, were aged between 20s and 90s. The resident population consisted of patients admitted for physical rehabilitation after a stroke or surgical procedure ...


Plasma Fibroblast Growth Factor-21 Levels In Patients With Inborn Errors Of Metabolism, Brian Kirmse, Juan Cabrera-Luque, Omar Ayyub, Kristina Cusmano-Ozog, Kimberly A. Chapman, Marshall L. Summar 2017 George Washington University

Plasma Fibroblast Growth Factor-21 Levels In Patients With Inborn Errors Of Metabolism, Brian Kirmse, Juan Cabrera-Luque, Omar Ayyub, Kristina Cusmano-Ozog, Kimberly A. Chapman, Marshall L. Summar

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF21) levels are elevated in patients with primary mitochondrial disorders but have not been studied in patients with inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) known to have secondary mitochondrial dysfunction. We measured plasma FGF21 by ELISA in patients with and without IEM. FGF21 levels were higher in patients with IEM compared to without IEM (370 pg/dL vs. 0–65 pg/dL). Further study of FGF21 as a biomarker in IEM is warranted.


Confirmation That Mat1a P.Ala259val Mutation Causes Autosomal Dominant Hypermethioninemia, M J. Muriello, S Viall, T Bottiglieri, K Cusmano-Ozog, C R. Ferreira 2017 George Washington University

Confirmation That Mat1a P.Ala259val Mutation Causes Autosomal Dominant Hypermethioninemia, M J. Muriello, S Viall, T Bottiglieri, K Cusmano-Ozog, C R. Ferreira

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Methionine adenosyltransferase (MAT) I/III deficiency is an inborn error of metabolism caused by mutations in MAT1A, encoding the catalytic subunit of MAT responsible for the synthesis of S-adenosylmethionine, and is characterized by persistent hypermethioninemia. While historically considered a recessive disorder, a milder autosomal dominant form of MAT I/III deficiency occurs, though only the most common mutation p.Arg264His has ample evidence to prove dominant inheritance. We report a case of hypermethioninemia caused by the p.Ala259Val substitution and provide evidence of autosomal dominant inheritance by showing both maternal inheritance of the mutation and concomitant hypermethioninemia. The p.Ala259Val ...


Dr. Louis Kristal At 100: Witness To The Evolution Of Surgery In Canada, Vivian C. McAlister 2017 Canadian Forces and University of Western Ontario

Dr. Louis Kristal At 100: Witness To The Evolution Of Surgery In Canada, Vivian C. Mcalister

Vivian C. McAlister

The lecture, though impromptu, was to be special, but maybe not as special as the medical school realized. Canadian Nobel Prize winner, Major Sir Frederick Banting was on his way to Britain when he took the opportunity to speak to Dalhousie University medical students. Banting had wished to pursue a career in orthopedic surgery, having worked with Professor Clarence Starr at the Canadian Orthopedic Hospital, Ramsgate, during the First World War and in the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ont., after that. Banting switched to a career in research following the stunning success of his insulin project, which he undertook ...


Decision Aids: Assisting Patients With Multiple Myeloma And Caregivers With Treatment Decision Making, Bojan Kojovic, Joseph D. Tariman PhD 2017 DePaul University

Decision Aids: Assisting Patients With Multiple Myeloma And Caregivers With Treatment Decision Making, Bojan Kojovic, Joseph D. Tariman Phd

Joseph D Tariman PhD, RN, ANP-BC, FAAN

A consolidated evaluation of resources on treatment decision aids (DAs) for multiple myeloma (MM) is lacking in the literature. This review identified 29 published DAs. Further analysis of these DAs revealed that the personal values and preferences of patients with MM are not well integrated into the development of these DAs, indicating the need for a more explicit shared decision-making model of MM care delivery. The development and testing of a web-based and individualized treatment DA will likely promote a shared decision-making process in clinical practice, improve patient satisfaction with treatment decisions, and decrease decisional regrets in patients newly diagnosed ...


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Obat ini sangat efektif dan aman ...


Histomonas Elisa, Jessica L Martinez 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Histomonas Elisa, Jessica L Martinez

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Histomonas meleagridis is a protozoan parasite of avians and is the causative agent in Histomonosis, commonly known as Blackhead Disease. Current methods for diagnosing the presence of H. meleagridis are limited to parasite culture or Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) to amplify target DNA. This project aims to develop an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for faster and more sensitive diagnosis of Histomonas infections. Cultures of H. meleagridis parasites were purified, and surface antigens were extracted using a spectrum of chemical solutions. The various antigen solutions were subjected to an ELISA, with serum from birds immunized for H. meleagridis as positive controls ...


Analytics For Non-Invasive Skin Imaging And Actinic Damage, Christina E. Borchers 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Analytics For Non-Invasive Skin Imaging And Actinic Damage, Christina E. Borchers

Christina Borchers

No abstract provided.


Mixed-Mode Oscillations In Pyramidal Neurons Under Antiepileptic Drug Conditions, Babak V-Ghaffari, M. Kouhnavard, Sherif M. Elbasiouny 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Mixed-Mode Oscillations In Pyramidal Neurons Under Antiepileptic Drug Conditions, Babak V-Ghaffari, M. Kouhnavard, Sherif M. Elbasiouny

Sherif M. Elbasiouny

Subthreshold oscillations in combination with large-amplitude oscillations generate mixedmode oscillations (MMOs), which mediate various spatial and temporal cognition and memory processes and behavioral motor tasks. Although many studies have shown that canard theory is a reliable method to investigate the properties underlying the MMOs phenomena, the relationship between the results obtained by applying canard theory and conductancebased models of neurons and their electrophysiological mechanisms are still not well understood. The goal of this study was to apply canard theory to the conductance-based model of pyramidal neurons in layer V of the Entorhinal Cortex to investigate the properties of MMOs under ...


Uvb Induces Mvp Release In A Paf Dependent Manner In Skin-Dervied Epithelial Cell Line, Langni Liu, Katherine E. Fahy, Christine M. Rapp, Eric J. Romer, Christina E. Borchers, Ji C. Bihl, Jeffrey B. Travers 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Uvb Induces Mvp Release In A Paf Dependent Manner In Skin-Dervied Epithelial Cell Line, Langni Liu, Katherine E. Fahy, Christine M. Rapp, Eric J. Romer, Christina E. Borchers, Ji C. Bihl, Jeffrey B. Travers

Christina Borchers

Ultraviolet-B (UVB) irradiation of the skin can result in both acute inflammation and systemic immunosuppression. These effects are mediated by the release of bioactive molecules (e.g. cytokines and lipids) from resident skin epithelial and immune cells. Our lab has previously determined that UVB exposure stimulates the production of an inflammatory phospholipid activator, platelet-activating factor (PAF) and its oxidized analogs, which are involved in mediating the UVB responses. Due to the fact that UVB radiation is absorbed by the epidermis but causes systemic effects, we are interested in examining the PAF-mediated mechanisms of systemic intercellular communication. Microvesicle particles (MVP) are ...


The Evaluation Of Coaching As An Evidence-Based Intervention For Nurse Managers, Marie A. Bashaw 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

The Evaluation Of Coaching As An Evidence-Based Intervention For Nurse Managers, Marie A. Bashaw

Marie Bashaw

Nurse managers are a vital link between hospital administration, senior nursing leadership and staff nurses. Understanding and facilitating nurse managers’ job satisfaction is important for retention of current nurse managers and creating organizational success. Retaining nurse managers is not only important in terms of savings in turnover costs but for providing quality patient care. The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to implement a coaching intervention with nurse managers to decrease stress and improve job satisfaction.

Frameworks guiding this project were Watson’s Theory of Human Caring and Larrabee’s Model for Evidence-based Practice Change. A review of ...


Reliability And Accuracy Of A Standardized Shallow Water Running Test To Determine Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Jacquelyn N. Zera, Elizabeth F. Nagle, Mary E. Sanders, Bethany B. Gibbs, Barry A. Franklin, Philip J. Prins, Caleb D. Johnson, Robert J. Robertson 2017 John Carroll University

Reliability And Accuracy Of A Standardized Shallow Water Running Test To Determine Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Jacquelyn N. Zera, Elizabeth F. Nagle, Mary E. Sanders, Bethany B. Gibbs, Barry A. Franklin, Philip J. Prins, Caleb D. Johnson, Robert J. Robertson

Jacquelyn Nagle Zera

A standardized fitness assessment is critical for the development of an individualized exercise prescription. Although the benefits of aquatic exercise have been well established, there remains the need for a standardized nonswimming protocol to accurately assess cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in shallow water. The present investigation was designed to assess (a) the reliability of a standardized shallow water run (SWR) test of CRF and (b) the accuracy of a standardized SWR compared with a land-based treadmill (LTM)test. Twenty-three healthy women (20 6 3 years), with body mass index (23.5 6 3 kg$m22), performed 2 shallow water peak oxygen ...


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