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Medical Cannabis In Pediatric Patients With Chronic Pain And Diseases, Marissa Colombo 2023 Dominican University of California

Medical Cannabis In Pediatric Patients With Chronic Pain And Diseases, Marissa Colombo

Nursing | Student Research Posters

Pediatric chronic pain has seen a disturbing rise which ends up affecting the child’s routine and impacting their family’s lives. Medical cannabis has Food and Drug Administration-approved derivatives, yet the studies that focus on medical cannabis do not discuss targeting pain in pediatric patients. Children who experience chronic diseases and treatment-resistant pain are not normally offered medical cannabis as a treatment option which needs to change. The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact of medical cannabis within the pediatric population. If children experience pain that is similar to adults, withholding techniques that can help alleviate their pain …


Impact Of A Parent Education Program On Parents Of Children With Complex Congenital Heart Disease Prior To Discharge Home, Laura Elkhoury 2023 University of Kentucky

Impact Of A Parent Education Program On Parents Of Children With Complex Congenital Heart Disease Prior To Discharge Home, Laura Elkhoury

DNP Projects

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Children with complex medical needs, such as children with complex congenital heart disease, are at risk for hospital readmission, morbidity, and mortality related to disease complications. Parents must be adequately prepared to care for their children following hospital discharge to prevent hospital readmission and complications. This study seeks to evaluate the impact of an education intervention on parental knowledge and stress related to caring for their child with complex medical needs.

Methods: The study design is a quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control pre-test/post-test design. The pre-test was administered prior to the educational intervention, with the post-test …


Evaluation Of Universal Depression Screening In A Pediatric Diabetes Outpatient Clinic With The Integration Of A Depression Screening Tool Into An Electronic Health Record, Jenna Westberry 2023 University of Kentucky

Evaluation Of Universal Depression Screening In A Pediatric Diabetes Outpatient Clinic With The Integration Of A Depression Screening Tool Into An Electronic Health Record, Jenna Westberry

DNP Projects

Background: Depression is a significant problem for adolescents with chronic health conditions. Prevalence rates are two to three times higher in adolescents with diabetes compared to adolescents without diabetes (Badescu et al., 2016). Routine depression screening is not transpiring at rates and frequency recommended by the American Diabetes Association for this population. Implementing use of the Patient Health Questionnaire for all adolescents over the age of twelve years with Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus during routine health visits may improve early identification and diagnosis of depression and improve long-term health outcomes.

Purpose: The goal of this project was …


Knowledge & Attitudes Towards Pediatric Pain With Needle-Based Procedures In The Emergency Department Setting, Charlstyn Paige Brown 2023 University Of Kentucky

Knowledge & Attitudes Towards Pediatric Pain With Needle-Based Procedures In The Emergency Department Setting, Charlstyn Paige Brown

DNP Projects

PURPOSE: By the time a child enters kindergarten, they may have faced as many as thirty-three vaccine-related injections. Throughout these experiences, parents and patients associated pain and fear regarding the administration of multiple vaccines concurrently to a child has played a role in vaccine hesitancy and refusal. Parents and patients experience associated fear and pain regarding the administration of multiple concurrent scheduled vaccines, thus leading to vaccination hesitancy and refusal. In addition to scheduled immunizations, there is also the possibility of unexpected needle-based procedures taking place when emergencies arise. The purpose of the study is to explore the current …


Improving Nursing Comfort In Relation To Difficult Conversations, Sarah Clifton 2023 University of Kentucky

Improving Nursing Comfort In Relation To Difficult Conversations, Sarah Clifton

DNP Projects

Abstract

Background/Purpose

Conversations between care providers and patients are integral to medicine and are the most performed “procedure” (Luff et al., 2016). In Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs) and Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Units (PCICUs), children of all ages with diverse diagnoses and needs are treated for critical illnesses and traumatic events. Therefore, providers frequently have difficult conversations with patients and their families. Pediatric critical care nurses are often invited to participate in these discussions. However, their role during, and after, these conversations is not always clear. The goal of this project was to evaluate the impact of an educational …


Exclusive Breastfeeding Versus Formula Feeding: Evaluating The Development Of Childhood Allergies, Jasmine Olshin, Anna Kousky, Lily Williams, Michael Mark 2023 University of Maine

Exclusive Breastfeeding Versus Formula Feeding: Evaluating The Development Of Childhood Allergies, Jasmine Olshin, Anna Kousky, Lily Williams, Michael Mark

Non-Thesis Student Work

Allergies such as dietary, allergic rhinitis, allergy-related asthma, and atopic dermatitis have become increasingly prevalent in childhood and pose a public health concern – especially as severe allergic reactions, such as anaphylaxis, are rising among children. Exclusive breastfeeding and formula feeding are two common infant feeding practices, but their role in influencing the development of childhood allergies are not entirely understood. Thus, the question is raised as to whether infants who are exclusively breastfed are at a decreased risk for developing childhood allergies, compared to infants who are formula fed. A literature search was conducted utilizing relevant databases PubMed, BioMed …


The Effects Of Skin To Skin Contact On Newborns With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Jenna Brasile, Molly Walker 2023 University of Maine

The Effects Of Skin To Skin Contact On Newborns With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Jenna Brasile, Molly Walker

Non-Thesis Student Work

A literature search was conducted on the effects of skin to skin contact on newborns with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). In the United States, research has shown that typically the first intervention for NAS newborns is immediate pharmacological treatment, but new research poses that non-pharmacological interventions such as skin to skin contact, or kangaroo care, benefit the newborn greatly without exposing them to additional opiates or other addictive substances. The literature search implemented on CINAHL and Nursing Reference Center Plus was performed using the following search terms: neonat*, skin to skin*, babywear*, kangaroo car*, neonatal abstinence syndrome*, NAS*, and in …


Educating School Nurses To Improve Bowel Continence In Children With Spina Bifida, McKinley J. Waugh, Tracy L. Brewer, Lisa Wagoner 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Educating School Nurses To Improve Bowel Continence In Children With Spina Bifida, Mckinley J. Waugh, Tracy L. Brewer, Lisa Wagoner

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Children born with spina bifida, a neural tube defect, can have associated loss of bowel control resulting in bowel incontinence. The National Patient Spina Bifida Registry found that 87% of those living with spina bifida had bowel incontinence, and less than 30% were bowel continent (Sawin et al., 2015; Wiener et al., 2017). Unfortunately, providers may never start a child living with spina bifida on a bowel management program. Evidence suggests that children with spina bifida should begin a bowel management program early, using a stepwise approach. School nurses, who interact with children living with spinal bifida while attending school, …


The Relationship Between Urban Green Space Perception And Use Within The Adolescent Population: A Focused Ethnography, Rachel Lyons 2022 Duquesne University

The Relationship Between Urban Green Space Perception And Use Within The Adolescent Population: A Focused Ethnography, Rachel Lyons

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Greenspace is beneficial for improving adolescent mental health, yet we still do not understand the connection between the built environment and subjective mental wellbeing. We also lack understanding of how this population uses greenspace and how they feel when in it. Purpose: The purpose of this qualitative study was threefold: to understand why adolescents use greenspace, to identify how they use greenspace, and to explore how they feel when they are in greenspace. Methods: participated in a focused ethnography that utilized auto photography for photo elicitation. Braun and Clark's (2006), six phases of thematic analysis were used to guide …


A Process Evaluation On The Health Care Transition Process For Youth With Osteogenesis Imperfecta With Special Health Care Needs, Janet Amirkhanian 2022 Duquesne University

A Process Evaluation On The Health Care Transition Process For Youth With Osteogenesis Imperfecta With Special Health Care Needs, Janet Amirkhanian

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Manuscripts

With medical, surgical, and technological advances, children with childhood diseases with special health care needs (SHCNs) are surviving and living into adulthood (Cohen et al., 2014). Health care transition (HCT) should be a process through which youth are expected to achieve the skills necessary to manage their health as adults (Sawicki et al., 2017). HCT should be a purposeful, organized, and coordinated process involving the youth, family, and health care team (Stringer et al., 2015; Gabriel et al., 2017; White et al., 2018). Evidence supports that adolescents and young adults with SHCNs are often unprepared for transition (Jensen et al., …


Education Of Staff Nurses On The Implementation Of A Standardized Clinical Care Pathway For Patients Who Undergo Correction Of Pectus Excavatum, Amber Jones, Tracy Brewer, Sally McQuilkin 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Education Of Staff Nurses On The Implementation Of A Standardized Clinical Care Pathway For Patients Who Undergo Correction Of Pectus Excavatum, Amber Jones, Tracy Brewer, Sally Mcquilkin

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Objective: Educate staff nurses on a new standardized clinical care pathway (SCCP) for Nuss Procedure patients to decrease the length of stay, decrease hospital costs, decrease postoperative complications, and improve pain control. Design: Evidence-based practice improvement initiative. Setting/Local Problem: An inpatient surgery unit at a local pediatric medical center with no previous standardized care plan for Nuss Procedure patients. Participants: All staff nurses working on the inpatient surgery unit of a pediatric medical center. Intervention/Measurements: An SCCP was created by a multidisciplinary care team. All staff nurses on the inpatient surgery unit at a local pediatric medical center were assigned …


Coping With Congenital Heart Disease: Implementation Of An Evidence-Based Intervention In A Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit, Victoria M. Raphael, Tracy L. Brewer, Sherry Pye 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Coping With Congenital Heart Disease: Implementation Of An Evidence-Based Intervention In A Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit, Victoria M. Raphael, Tracy L. Brewer, Sherry Pye

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Caregivers are exposed to many stressors in the pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) setting. In caregivers of children diagnosed with congenital heart defects admitted to the CICU, symptoms of psychological distress are prevalent (Doherty et al., 2009). These symptoms include, but are not limited to, feelings of acute and chronic stress, worry, anxiety, and depression. Without intervention, these symptoms can negatively influence the health and behavioral outcomes of the admitted child (Commodari, 2010). Providing support for these caregivers during their child’s admission can reduce the significance of these adverse psychological symptoms and promote both patient and caregiver well-being (Melnyk …


Can Non-Pharmacological Interventions Effectively Reduce Anxiety And Pain In Chronic Pediatric Patients?, Kiara Harvey 2022 Kennesaw State University

Can Non-Pharmacological Interventions Effectively Reduce Anxiety And Pain In Chronic Pediatric Patients?, Kiara Harvey

Symposium of Student Scholars

Abstract

Pediatric anxiety and pain have been historically poorly managed. The failure of providers to adequately address medically-induced anxiety and pain in pediatric patients has been shown to prevent them from proactively seeking medical care in the future and has been linked with both altered brain development and increased risk of opioid abuse. Furthermore, poorly managed pain leads to sustained levels of cortisol and exposes patients to several long-term health risks like hypertension. Because non-pharmacological interventions are often preferred by providers, patients, and their caregivers, this research question poses an exploration of the efficacy of non-traditional methods in alleviating procedure-related …


Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury Spasticity Interventions, Zola Lopeman 2022 Kennesaw State University

Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury Spasticity Interventions, Zola Lopeman

Symposium of Student Scholars

Muscle spasticity is a common spinal cord injury sequela that causes muscle stiffness, spasms, and painful involuntary contractions. Spasticity can result in difficulty walking, deformed joints, lack of head control, and impairment performing activities of daily living. Spasticity is dynamic and often requires a multifaceted approach to manage symptoms and achieve patient goals. The leading treatment for spasticity is oral Baclofen. Additional treatment methods include electrical stimulation and phenol injections. Oral baclofen is frequently prescribed in combination with these.

Research suggests SCI induced spasticity can cause changes in the muscle. Thus, it is important to assess neural and muscle impacts …


High Anxiety In Pediatric Oncology Patients? What About Art Therapy?, Rebekah Love 2022 Kennesaw State University

High Anxiety In Pediatric Oncology Patients? What About Art Therapy?, Rebekah Love

Symposium of Student Scholars

Anxiety and depression are becoming more prevalent in the pediatric population today. In addition to the general pediatric population experiencing an increased risk of mental illness, children with an oncology related diagnosis have an even heightened risk. Most pediatric oncology patients reported fear or worry daily, which is cited to be most severe when they had an appointment or went to the hospital for a fever. It is imperative we discover interventions to lessen the anxiety and depression pediatric oncology patients experience daily. A literature review revealed conclusive interventions have not been determined. The purpose of this research is to …


Reducing Skin Injury And Breakdown In Neonatal Patients, Emily Herring 2022 Kennesaw State University

Reducing Skin Injury And Breakdown In Neonatal Patients, Emily Herring

Symposium of Student Scholars

Abstract

The integumentary system is known for being the body’s largest organ, comprised of water, fats, protein, and minerals, for which composition plays a significant role in protecting the body against thermal, chemical, and microbial agents. However, the skin’s functionality is reduced in neonates as the stratum corneum is thin at birth due to diminished water-holding capacity (Oranges et al., 2015). The skin’s fragility is further stressed among preterm neonates and newborns in neonatal intensive-care units (NICU) due to medical status, procedures, and exposure to skin irritants (Visscher et al., 2009). Reduction in skin injury and breakdown in NICU patients …


Effectiveness Of Distraction Techniques In Reducing Pain And Anxiety During Pediatric Venipuncture, Gina Hernandez 2022 Kennesaw State University

Effectiveness Of Distraction Techniques In Reducing Pain And Anxiety During Pediatric Venipuncture, Gina Hernandez

Symposium of Student Scholars

Abstract

Venipuncture is consistently identified as one of the most painful and feared experiences of hospitalized children, often resulting in traumatic memories and resistance to future procedures. Currently, standard practice for pediatric venipuncture involves physical restraint, either by another person or by utilizing a restrictive tool. This proposal will explore the efficacy of various distraction techniques in mitigating pain and anxiety experienced by pediatric patients undergoing venipuncture. Current research shows that procedural pain and anxiety can be significantly reduced by implementing distraction techniques such as bubble-blowing, deep breathing, audiovisual distraction, and immersive virtual reality. Effectiveness of each technique varies based …


Educating Parents On Infant Safe Sleep To Reduce Sleep-Related Deaths, Marleni Cervantes 2022 Kennesaw State University

Educating Parents On Infant Safe Sleep To Reduce Sleep-Related Deaths, Marleni Cervantes

Symposium of Student Scholars

During my pediatric clinical rotation, I saw parents practicing unsafe sleeping practices with their infants. Infants would sleep with their pillows, blankets and in non-supine positions. There are around 3000 sleep related infant deaths annually in the United States (Patrick et al., 2021). To combat this issue a safe sleep education program should be implemented in labor and delivery and NICU units to ensure parents are getting the proper training before discharge. Parents will attend an education program before discharging from the hospital. The program will be completed in 2 days to ensure the parents are able to ask questions …


Best Practice For Confirmation Of Nasogastric Tube Placement In Pediatric Patients, Joey Gondhalekar, Hannah Baines, Jacob Barcenas, Kaci Giles, Katie Crocker 2022 Kennesaw State University

Best Practice For Confirmation Of Nasogastric Tube Placement In Pediatric Patients, Joey Gondhalekar, Hannah Baines, Jacob Barcenas, Kaci Giles, Katie Crocker

Symposium of Student Scholars

Abstract

Background: Nasogastric (NG) tubes are used to provide nutrition or charcoal to patients who cannot swallow or are intubated. For pediatric patients, auscultation confirmation is often used to confirm placement despite the evidence that x-ray confirmation is a more accurate way to confirm placement. Incorrect placement leads to incidents of higher rates of healthcare acquired infections, financial strain on the hospital, and longer lengths of stay for patients.

Objectives: The objective of this evidence-based review is to review relevant published studies in determining the best practice for confirmation of NG tubes in pediatric patients.

Methods: A database search was …


Decreasing Pain In Pediatric Patients During Intravenous Catheter Insertions On The Pediatric Inpatient Surgery Unit, Breonna Scott, Robert Cornette, Tammy Childers 2022 East Tennessee Children's Hospital

Decreasing Pain In Pediatric Patients During Intravenous Catheter Insertions On The Pediatric Inpatient Surgery Unit, Breonna Scott, Robert Cornette, Tammy Childers

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Abstract

As healthcare in the United States transforms, the voice of advocacy for pediatric patients is also evolving. The act of inserting a peripheral intravenous (IV) catheter for medical care of a pediatric patient is one of the most common invasive procedures in the healthcare industry. However, the preventable pain accompanying such a common procedure is often overlooked. Pediatric patients are different than adults due to the lack of physiological and psychological development. When a peripheral intravenous catheter is inserted without pain prevention interventions, there are long-term and short-term consequences for the patient and family. In turn, there are many …


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