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Infection Control In Labor And Delivery Room, Learning From The Small Hospital Based Project, Savera Aziz Ali, Sumera Aziz Ali 2017 Aga Khan University

Infection Control In Labor And Delivery Room, Learning From The Small Hospital Based Project, Savera Aziz Ali, Sumera Aziz Ali

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Background: It has been estimated that around 36% of the neonatal deaths occur due to infection in the lower and middle income countries. Infection control is a more substantial area of concern, particularly in Labor and delivery room. Multiple factors can cause infection in the labor room, therefore it is important to assess various factors of maternal and neonatal infection. Hence we explored multiple factors through this project and developed the action plan to address those factors effectively.
Methods: During our Leadership and Management course, we conducted a project in Labor room pertaining to a prevalent issue. The whole process ...


A Descriptive Survey Study Of Violence Management And Priorities Among Psychiatric Staff In Mental Health Services, Across Seventeen European Countries., Seamus Cowman, Anna Björkdahl, Eric Clarke, Georgina Gethin, Jim Maguire, European Violence in Psychiatry Research Group (EViPRG) 2017 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland-Medical University of Bahrain

A Descriptive Survey Study Of Violence Management And Priorities Among Psychiatric Staff In Mental Health Services, Across Seventeen European Countries., Seamus Cowman, Anna Björkdahl, Eric Clarke, Georgina Gethin, Jim Maguire, European Violence In Psychiatry Research Group (Eviprg)

Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery Articles

BACKGROUND: In mental health services what is commonplace across international frontiers is that to prevent aggressive patients from harming themselves, other patients or staff, coercive measures and foremost, violence management strategies are required. There is no agreement, recommendations or direction from the EU on which measures of coercion should be practiced across EU countries, and there is no overall one best practice approach.

METHODS: The project was conceived through an expert group, the European Violence in Psychiatry Research Group (EViPRG). The study aimed to incorporate an EU and multidisciplinary response in the determination of violence management practices and related research ...


A Community Virtual Ward Model To Support Older Persons With Complex Health Care And Social Care Needs, Clare Lewis, Zena E H Moore, Frank Doyle, A Martin, Declan Patton, Linda E. Nugent 2017 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

A Community Virtual Ward Model To Support Older Persons With Complex Health Care And Social Care Needs, Clare Lewis, Zena E H Moore, Frank Doyle, A Martin, Declan Patton, Linda E. Nugent

Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery Articles

Background: Globally the older population is increasing rapidly. As a result there is an increase in frail older persons living within the community, with increased risks of a hospital admission and higher mortality and morbidity rates. Due to complexity of care, health care professionals face challenges in providing effective case management and avoiding unplanned admissions to hospital. A community virtual ward (CVW) model was developed to assist health care professionals to support older persons at home during periods of illness and/or functional decline.


Methods: A quantitative observational study was conducted to examine if a CVW model of care reduced ...


Attitude Towards Gender Roles And Violence Against Women And Girls (Vawg): Baseline Findings From An Rct Of 1752 Youths In Pakistan, Tazeen S. Ali, Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Hussain M. A. Khuwaja, Yasmeen Somani, Esnat D. Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes 2017 Aga Khan University

Attitude Towards Gender Roles And Violence Against Women And Girls (Vawg): Baseline Findings From An Rct Of 1752 Youths In Pakistan, Tazeen S. Ali, Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Hussain M. A. Khuwaja, Yasmeen Somani, Esnat D. Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Background: Violence against women is driven by gender norms that normalize and justify gender inequality and violence. Gender norms are substantially shaped during adolescence. Programs offered through schools offer an opportunity to influence gender attitudes toward gender equity if we understand these to be partly shaped by peers and the school environment.
Objective
: We present an analysis of the baseline research conducted for a randomized controlled trial with 1752 grade 6 boys and girls and their attitudes toward gender roles, VAWG, and associated factors.
Methods
: We used baseline data from a cluster randomised control study. Interviews were conducted in 40 ...


Naturalized Women And Womanized Earth: Connecting The Journeys Of Womanhood And The Earth, From The Early Modern Era To The Industrial Revolution, Maggie Rose Berke 2017 Bard College

Naturalized Women And Womanized Earth: Connecting The Journeys Of Womanhood And The Earth, From The Early Modern Era To The Industrial Revolution, Maggie Rose Berke

Senior Projects Spring 2017

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


Cultural Practices Of Rearing Preterm Infants: A Qualitative Study In A Tertiary Care Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, Salima Sulaiman Gulamani, Ambreen Tharani, Sharifa Bashir Lalani, Kiran Shaikh 2017 University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Cultural Practices Of Rearing Preterm Infants: A Qualitative Study In A Tertiary Care Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, Salima Sulaiman Gulamani, Ambreen Tharani, Sharifa Bashir Lalani, Kiran Shaikh

School of Nursing & Midwifery

The research work explores the cultural practices of feeding and hygiene of preterm infants in the Pakistani context. A Qualitative descriptive-exploratory design has been used. Purposive sampling was utilized to recruit 17 mothers, who met inclusion criteria from a largest government tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. The semi-structured interview was used to collect the data, which lasted for approximately 45-60 minutes. Thematic analysis was conducted to analyze the key findings of the study. Welcoming newborn with 'honey' and herbal remedies were reported as a common ritual among mothers. Findings revealed differences in the time period of initial bath given ...


Exploring The Impact Of Gender Inequities On The Promotion Of Cardiovascular Health Of Women In Pakistan, Rubina Barolia, Alexander M. Clark, Gina M. Higginbottom 2017 Aga Khan University

Exploring The Impact Of Gender Inequities On The Promotion Of Cardiovascular Health Of Women In Pakistan, Rubina Barolia, Alexander M. Clark, Gina M. Higginbottom

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Cardiovascular disease exerts an enormous burden on women's health. The intake of a healthy diet may reduce this burden. However, social norms and economic constraints are often factors that restrain women from paying attention to their diet. Underpinned by critical realism, this study explores how gender/sex influences decision-making regarding food consumption among women of low socioeconomic status (SES). The study was carried out at two cardiac facilities in Karachi, Pakistan, on 24 participants (male and female from different ethnic backgrounds), who had received health education. Using an interpretive descriptive approach, the study identified major barriers to a healthy ...


Association Of Awareness About Hepatitis C Infection With Patterns Of Health Seeking Behavior Among Hepatitis C Patients In Karachi, Pakistan, Shahina S. Pirani, Saleema Allana, Tazeen S. Ali, Faisal Wasim Ismail 2017 Aga Khan University

Association Of Awareness About Hepatitis C Infection With Patterns Of Health Seeking Behavior Among Hepatitis C Patients In Karachi, Pakistan, Shahina S. Pirani, Saleema Allana, Tazeen S. Ali, Faisal Wasim Ismail

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Background: Hepatitis C infection is one of the significant causes of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. In Pakistan, hepatitis C infection rate is 4.8%, which is the second highest prevalence rate among all developing countries. This study aimed to identify the association between awareness about hepatitis C infection and pattern of health seeking behavior among patients living with hepatitis C in Karachi, Pakistan.
Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted among 250 hepatitis C patients who were recruited from the Aga Khan University Hospital and the Civil Hospital Karachi, Pakistan between March and May 2013. Data were collected ...


The Lived Experience Of The Western Australian Graduate Registered Nurse Who Is Male, Dianne Juliff 2017 The University of Notre Dame Australia

The Lived Experience Of The Western Australian Graduate Registered Nurse Who Is Male, Dianne Juliff

Theses

Nursing professionals are ageing and alternate career opportunities for females threatens nursing workforce sustainability. Largely untapped human resource and underrepresented within nursing in Australia are men. Therefore, the attraction and retention of men into nursing is imperative for the profession to support a sustainable workforce.

A qualitative longitudinal phenomenological study, explored the lived experience of nine newly graduated registered nurses who are male during their first year in their professional-practice environment. The methodological approach that guided this study was Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). The IPA enhanced the exploration of the lived experiences of these participants by investigating the meaning of ...


News & Events, 2016 Aga Khan University

News & Events

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

No abstract provided.


Does Empowerment Matter? Perceptions Of Nursing Leaders In Pakistan Through Qualitative Approach., Saleema A. Gulzar, Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Kausar S. Khan Ms, Rubina Barolia, Shirin Rahim, Aneeta Pasha 2016 Aga Khan University

Does Empowerment Matter? Perceptions Of Nursing Leaders In Pakistan Through Qualitative Approach., Saleema A. Gulzar, Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Kausar S. Khan Ms, Rubina Barolia, Shirin Rahim, Aneeta Pasha

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Background:

In a patriarchal society like Pakistan, where women are oppressed, women dominating professions like nursing is mostly seen as disempowered and requires considerable struggle to achieve its due recognition and respect.

Aim:

This study aims to explore the experiences of empowerment among the nursing leaders of Pakistan. Methods: This study uses a qualitative descriptive design. Total of twelve Pakistani Nursing leaders were interviewed using semi-structured interview guideline to explore their experiences of empowerment.

Results:

The study findings revealed five major categories which include: status of a nurse, nursing profession, power relationships, value-belief system, and leadership and management.

Conclusions:

Nurses ...


Shining A Light On Nursing Art In Pakistan, Shirin Rahim, Rafat Jan Ruknuddin, Kathryn L. Gramling 2016 Aga Khan University

Shining A Light On Nursing Art In Pakistan, Shirin Rahim, Rafat Jan Ruknuddin, Kathryn L. Gramling

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Nursing is considered both science and art. Artful nursing has been essential for holistic nursing practice since the time of Nightingale, but it is getting neglected and has been lately limited to nursing literature (Gramling, 2004). This qualitative study seeks to gain an understanding of the perceptions of active nurses in Pakistan about nursing art and yields four major themes: artful nursing is embedded in humane responsiveness, artful nursing has healing power, artful nursing is a satisfying experience, and artful nursing is invisible in nursing practice. Study participants valued nursing art, and their perceptions illuminate Watson's Theory of Human ...


Strengthening The Knowledge And Skills Of Community Midwives In Pakistan Through Clinical Practice Internships, Arusa Lakhani, Rafat Jan, Kiran Mubeen, Sadia Karimi, Shahnaz Shahid, Rozina Sewani, Marina Baig, Farzana Adnan 2016 Aga Khan University

Strengthening The Knowledge And Skills Of Community Midwives In Pakistan Through Clinical Practice Internships, Arusa Lakhani, Rafat Jan, Kiran Mubeen, Sadia Karimi, Shahnaz Shahid, Rozina Sewani, Marina Baig, Farzana Adnan

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

Objective: On the-job training of Community Midwives (CMWs) is of critical importance in enabling midwives to provide services that meet standards of quality care. The objective of this study was to assess the intervention of an internship for CMWs that would increase their ability to provide quality maternal, newborn, and child health services.

Method: A pre and post-intervention design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of an internship of 32 working days. Validated questionnaire was used to assess the CMWs’ knowledge and skills before and after the intervention. Overall, 252 CMWs from 14 districts of the Sindh and Punjab provinces ...


Adolescent Pregnancies: The Case Of Pakistan, Kiran Mubeen, Marina Baig 2016 Aga Khan University

Adolescent Pregnancies: The Case Of Pakistan, Kiran Mubeen, Marina Baig

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

Early motherhood not only causes poor health outcomes, but often also deprives adolescent girls of educational, social, and economic development opportunities for the rest of their lives. Evidence suggests that although the burden of adolescent pregnancies is less in Pakistan than in Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Nepal, the pregnancy outcomes continue to be devastating in this country. This paper discusses the social barriers in addressing this issue in Pakistan and proposes recommendations for targeted interventions to reduce the high birth rate amongst adolescents in the country. The role of midwives asfrontlinegatekeepers can be pivotal for prevention ofteenagedpregnancies in Pakistan. Unfortunately, the ...


Looking Forward To More And Better Midwifery In Asia In 2017, Rafat Jan, Edwin van Teijlingen 2016 Tribhuvan University, Nepal

Looking Forward To More And Better Midwifery In Asia In 2017, Rafat Jan, Edwin Van Teijlingen

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

No abstract provided.


‘Competent, But Not Allowed To Blossom’: Midwifery-Trained Registered Nurses’ Perceptions Of Their Service: A Qualitative Study In Sri Lanka, Sunethra Jayathilake, Vathsala Jayasuriya-Illesinghe, Rasika Perera, Himani Molligoda, Kerstin Samarasinghe 2016 University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka

‘Competent, But Not Allowed To Blossom’: Midwifery-Trained Registered Nurses’ Perceptions Of Their Service: A Qualitative Study In Sri Lanka, Sunethra Jayathilake, Vathsala Jayasuriya-Illesinghe, Rasika Perera, Himani Molligoda, Kerstin Samarasinghe

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

Objective: To explore midwifery-trained registered nurses’ perceptions of their own profession as maternity care providers and how they identify their role, tasks, and responsibilities within a multi-professional team.

Design: An exploratory qualitative study using focus group discussions and qualitative content analysis.

Setting: Three selected tertiary care hospitals in the Capital Province in Sri Lanka.

Participants: Twenty-two midwifery-trained RNs working in intra-partum and postpartum units.

Findings: The overriding theme of the analysis was identified as ‘competent but not allowed to blossom fully in their practice’, based on two main categories: ‘provision of competent care’ and ‘working with disappointments’. Each main category ...


The Uptake Of Skilled Birth Attendants’ Services In Rural Nepal: A Qualitative Study, Yuba Raj Baral, Jo Skinner, Edwin van Teijlingen, Karen Lyons 2016 London Metropolitan University

The Uptake Of Skilled Birth Attendants’ Services In Rural Nepal: A Qualitative Study, Yuba Raj Baral, Jo Skinner, Edwin Van Teijlingen, Karen Lyons

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

Aim and objective: The general aim of this research was to explore why women do or do not want to uptake Skilled Birth Attendants’ (SBAs) services during childbirth. The objective was to explore the factors affecting the uptake of SBAs’ services during childbirth in rural Nepal.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted. The data were analysed using thematic analysis.

Setting: The fieldwork was conducted in a rural area, in a western hill district of Nepal.

Participants: Interviews were conducted with 24 married women aged 18-49, who had given birth during the three years prior to the time of interview. Sixteen women ...


Effectiveness Of Video-Assisted Teaching On No-Scalpel Vasectomy On Knowledge And Attitude Of Married Men In Rural Nagaland, India, Arhoni Tungoe 2016 Christian Institute of Health Sciences and Research, Dimapur, Nagaland, India

Effectiveness Of Video-Assisted Teaching On No-Scalpel Vasectomy On Knowledge And Attitude Of Married Men In Rural Nagaland, India, Arhoni Tungoe

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

This study assessed whether video-assisted teaching increased the knowledge of,and resulted in a more favourable attitude among married men regarding No-Scalpel Vasectomy (NSV) in a selected village of 17,000 people,bordering Assam, in Nagaland, India. The study used a one group,before-and-after design. The participants were 30 married men who were selected through purposive sampling. Pre-tested and validated tools to assess knowledge and attitudes were used for data collection. The mean post-test scores, on both the knowledge and attitude scales,showed a significant increase from pretest scores (knowledge pre-test mean 11.53±3.41; post-test 21.23±2 ...


Childbirth Education In Jordan: Content, Feasibility And Challenges Of Implementing A Childbirth Education Program In Jordan, Fatima Malkawi Ms 2016 Florida International University

Childbirth Education In Jordan: Content, Feasibility And Challenges Of Implementing A Childbirth Education Program In Jordan, Fatima Malkawi Ms

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

No childbirth education (CE) programs are available in the public sectors in Jordan. Many studies from Jordan recommended that pregnant women be educated about their health needs during pregnancy and childbirth. From the literature, CE programs were found to have positive effects on pregnancy and childbirth outcomes. Four focus groups with pregnant women, midwives and physicians were conducted to examine the perceptions of pregnant women, midwives and physicians regarding the content, feasibility, and challenges of implementing a CE program in Jordan. The 4 focus groups, two with pregnant women (one group with 8 primiparous women and one group with 6 ...


Bed Rest For Pressure Ulcer Healing In Wheelchair Users, Zena Eh Moore, Menno T van Etten, Jo C Dumville 2016 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Bed Rest For Pressure Ulcer Healing In Wheelchair Users, Zena Eh Moore, Menno T Van Etten, Jo C Dumville

School of Nursing and Midwifery Articles

BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers, which are localised injury to the skin or underlying tissue, or both, occur when people are unable to reposition themselves to relieve pressure on bony prominences. Pressure ulcers are often difficult to heal, painful, and impact negatively on the individual's quality of life. International guidelines suggest bed rest as a component of the treatment strategy to manage pressure ulcers among wheelchair users. The potential benefits and risks need to be considered when assessing the effectiveness of bed rest as an intervention for treating pressure ulcers in this population. Therefore, it was important to search and appraise ...


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