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Midwifery In Chile - A Successful Experience To Improve Women´S Sexual And Reproductive Health: Facilitators & Challenges, Eduardo Lillo, Sandra Oyarzo, Jorge Carroza, Anita Román 2016 University of Diego Portales, Chile

Midwifery In Chile - A Successful Experience To Improve Women´S Sexual And Reproductive Health: Facilitators & Challenges, Eduardo Lillo, Sandra Oyarzo, Jorge Carroza, Anita Román

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

Midwives have had a major presence in the Chilean Health System since 1834, just a few years after the country’s independence from Spain. Since then, the professionalization and expertise achieved by professional midwives has resulted in considerable improvement in women’s sexual and reproductive health.

Today, the maternal Mortality Ratio is rated the second lowest in the Americas (16 deaths per 100,000 live births), and midwives take care of virtually all deliveries in the public system, in both rural and urban women’s health care units (99.8%). Such figures have been attained after many years of hard ...


News & Events, 2016 Aga Khan University

News & Events

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

No abstract provided.


Needs And Expectations: A Membership Survey Of The Midwifery Association In Afghanistan, Sabera Turkmani, Cristina de Nicolás, Fatima Gohar, Pashtoon Azfar Zyaee 2016 University of Technology, Sydney, Australia

Needs And Expectations: A Membership Survey Of The Midwifery Association In Afghanistan, Sabera Turkmani, Cristina De Nicolás, Fatima Gohar, Pashtoon Azfar Zyaee

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

A survey of the Afghan Midwives Association (AMA) members was conducted in April 2013 to determine the profile of the midwifery workforce, and to provide guidance on the professional needs and expectations of midwives in the future. Of the estimated 3,000 members across the country, around 500 participated in the Annual Congress, 400 questionnaires were distributed randomly among participants, and 357 were returned (89% response rate representing 12% of the overall membership).

The results showed that most members are pleased with the Association, and value its work, particularly its ability to advocate on their behalf with the Ministry of ...


Editorial - Jam June 2016, Rafat Jan, Edwin van Teijlingen 2016 Aga Khan University, Pakistan

Editorial - Jam June 2016, Rafat Jan, Edwin Van Teijlingen

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

No abstract provided.


Teachers’ Perceptions And Practices Of Written Feedback In Higher Education., Raisa Begum Gul, Ambreen Tharani, Arusa Lakhani, Nusrat Fatima Rizvi, Syeda K. Ali 2016 Aga Khan University

Teachers’ Perceptions And Practices Of Written Feedback In Higher Education., Raisa Begum Gul, Ambreen Tharani, Arusa Lakhani, Nusrat Fatima Rizvi, Syeda K. Ali

School of Nursing & Midwifery

This mixed-methods research aimed to understand the practices and perceptions of teachers regarding writtenfeedback. For this purpose, a survey was administered to 150 teachers forming a non-probability sample, who wereworking in various universities in Karachi. The disciplines chosen for the study included nursing, applied linguistics,medicine and education departments in institutes of higher education situated in Karachi. Before sampling, initialscreening was done to obtain a list of institutes which provide written feedback on students’ assignments. Twohomogenous groups of teachers by discipline (nursing and education) were then selected for focus group discussions.It was found that most teachers consider written feedback ...


The Medicalization Of Childbirth Within The United States, Alexandria Gesing 2016 Union College - Schenectady, NY

The Medicalization Of Childbirth Within The United States, Alexandria Gesing

Honors Theses

The World Bank rates the United States last amongst developed countries for maternal mortality, with 14 deaths per 100,000 live births compared to Canada and the Netherlands with 7 deaths per 100,000 live births, and the UK with 9 per 100,000 live births. This paper argues that these deaths are strongly linked to excessive use of Cesarean sections, resulting from increased access to technology, and explores the attendant medicalization of childbirth in the United States. Drawing on interviews with patients, midwives, and physicians, in addition to participant observation of hospitals and private practices within the Tristate area ...


Development, Implementation And Evaluation Of A Screening Mammography Program, Christine Natan 2016 University of San Francisco

Development, Implementation And Evaluation Of A Screening Mammography Program, Christine Natan

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Breast cancer is a major public health concern in the United States and remains a priority for national women’s health centers, primary care practices and cancer control organizations such as the American Cancer Society (ACS). The cancer care continuum includes the spectrum of prevention/risk reduction, early detection, treatment, and living with the diagnosis. Currently there are no proven primary prevention options for women at average risk of developing breast cancer; therefore, secondary prevention interventions such as screening mammography and clinical breast examination (CBE) are required to reduce morbidity and mortality. This manuscript describes a Doctor of Nursing Practice ...


Rural Nebraska Women's Explanatory Models Of Postpartum Depressive Symptomatology, Elizabeth Mollard 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Rural Nebraska Women's Explanatory Models Of Postpartum Depressive Symptomatology, Elizabeth Mollard

Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to construct the explanatory models of postpartum depressive symptomatology (PPDS) from the perspective of rural Nebraska women and to compare these models with the medical model of PPDS. A sample of 20 rural Nebraska women were interviewed in a one-on-one qualitative descriptive telephone interview using questions based on Kleinman’s (1980) explanatory model of illness. This study used feminist pragmatism as a guiding philosophical paradigm. Qualitative data were analyzed using content analysis, and results were compared and contrasted with the medical model of PPDS, which included the onset, symptoms, and duration listed in the ...


Doulas Could Improve Foreign-Born Women’S Perinatal And Postpartum Satisfaction And Increase Health Providers’ Cultural Competency In A Multicultural Urban Area Of The United States., Crystal Kazik 2016 Clark University

Doulas Could Improve Foreign-Born Women’S Perinatal And Postpartum Satisfaction And Increase Health Providers’ Cultural Competency In A Multicultural Urban Area Of The United States., Crystal Kazik

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Doulas act as a cultural bridge between clients and providers through the support, advocacy, and education they provide. Unfortunately, migrant women may be at a disadvantage for accessing and benefiting from their services due to a variety of socioeconomic and cultural factors including predisposed ideas of care and structure based on experiences in native countries, language barriers, lower health literacy, and a lack of awareness and understanding from hospital/clinic staff.

A strategic multifaceted approach utilizing doulas, such as Boston Medical Center’s collaborative and culturally competent model, may greatly improve foreign-born women’s experience and satisfaction with healthcare when ...


Antibiotics And Antiseptics For Pressure Ulcers., Gill Norman, Jo C Dumville, Zena EH Moore, Judith Tanner, Janice Christie, Saori Goto 2016 University of Manchester

Antibiotics And Antiseptics For Pressure Ulcers., Gill Norman, Jo C Dumville, Zena Eh Moore, Judith Tanner, Janice Christie, Saori Goto

School of Nursing and Midwifery Articles

BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers, also known as bedsores, decubitus ulcers and pressure injuries, are localised areas of injury to the skin or the underlying tissue, or both. A range of treatments with antimicrobial properties, including impregnated dressings, are widely used in the treatment of pressure ulcers. A clear and current overview is required to facilitate decision making regarding use of antiseptic or antibiotic therapies in the treatment of pressure ulcers. This review is one of a suite of Cochrane reviews investigating the use of antiseptics and antibiotics in different types of wounds. It also forms part of a suite of reviews ...


Home V. Hospital: Power And Birth, An Examination Of Control Within Birth Models In The United States, Sarah W. Rosene 2016 College of Charleston

Home V. Hospital: Power And Birth, An Examination Of Control Within Birth Models In The United States, Sarah W. Rosene

SEWSA 2016 Intersectionality in the New Millennium: An Assessment of Culture, Power, and Society

In this paper I examine why some women in the United States choose midwife attended homebirth over the medical model of birth. Why do women make this decision and what are the outcomes? I examined both qualitative and quantitative data on homebirths and have identified key reasons why women chose to give birth outside of the hospital. I focused on how the mother's feelings of control impacted her satisfaction with the birth experience, and how women’s control is affected in home versus hospitalized birth. My findings reveal that home births allow the woman more agency and an environment ...


Validity Of Home-Based Sonographic Diagnosis Of Obstetric Risk Factors By Auxiliary Nurse Midwives In Rural Nepal, Naoko Kozuki, Luke C. Mullany, Subarna K. Khatry, Ram Ghimire, Sharma Paudel, James M. Tielsch, +5 additional authors 2016 George Washington University

Validity Of Home-Based Sonographic Diagnosis Of Obstetric Risk Factors By Auxiliary Nurse Midwives In Rural Nepal, Naoko Kozuki, Luke C. Mullany, Subarna K. Khatry, Ram Ghimire, Sharma Paudel, James M. Tielsch, +5 Additional Authors

Global Health Faculty Publications

Background

Approximately 2·3 million fetal, neonatal, or maternal deaths occur annually during the intrapartum period or on the day of birth. Several risk factors for intrapartum-related complications require ultrasonography for accurate diagnosis, but sonographic services are scarce in low-resource settings. In this study, we aimed to assess the feasibility of community-based ultrasonography conducted by auxiliary nurse midwives to identify basic obstetric risk factors, in rural Sarlahi District, Nepal. We aimed to assess the validity at which these health workers can detect noncephalic position, multiple gestation, and placenta previa and to explore whether sonographic diagnosis could improve outcomes for women ...


The Changing Roles And Reputations Of Dais In Rural Uttarakhand: An Investigation Into The Maternal Health Services Of Villages In Okhalkanda Block In Nainital, Jenna Davis 2016 SIT Graduate Institute - Study Abroad

The Changing Roles And Reputations Of Dais In Rural Uttarakhand: An Investigation Into The Maternal Health Services Of Villages In Okhalkanda Block In Nainital, Jenna Davis

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The dai, once a prominent figure in Indian maternal health, now faces marginalization as the government of India adopts the goal of universal institutional delivery. Under pressure from international discourse that Skilled Birth Attendants (SBAs) were more effective at lowering Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) than Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) like dais (World Health Organization), dai training was discontinued and left in the hands of NGOs, while concurrently women and ASHAs were monetarily incentivized for every institutional birth (Park, 419). Yet in rural, isolated, or hilly areas like Okhalakanda block in Uttarakhand, institutional delivery is a long way from universal—only ...


Training Traditional Birth Attendants In Sub-Saharan Africa, Lindsey J. Smith 2016 Liberty University

Training Traditional Birth Attendants In Sub-Saharan Africa, Lindsey J. Smith

Senior Honors Theses

Even after many adjustments, recommended practice regarding traditional birth attendants (TBAs) and their contribution to lowering the maternal mortality rate (MMR) continues to be disputed among various stakeholders. Sub-Saharan Africa continues to see high maternal mortality rates, despite various attempts by the World Health Organization (WHO) and others at utilizing the formal health care system (Prata, et al., 2011). Considering all factors and variables behind the reason for this problem in Sub-Saharan African, it is reasonable to conclude that training traditional birth attendants (TBAs) in evidence-based practice, in conjunction with developing longer-term strategies, is an appropriate approach for the short ...


Organisation Of Health Services For Preventing And Treating Pressure Ulcers (Protocol), Pauline Joyce, Zena EH Moore, Janice Christie, Jo C. Dumville 2016 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Organisation Of Health Services For Preventing And Treating Pressure Ulcers (Protocol), Pauline Joyce, Zena Eh Moore, Janice Christie, Jo C. Dumville

School of Nursing and Midwifery Articles

This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: To assess the effects of different pr ovider-orientated interventions targeted at the organisation of he alth services, on the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers.


A Pilot Study Of A 6-Week Parenting Program For Mothers Of Pre-School Children Attending Family Health Centers In Karachi, Pakistan., Yasmeen Khowaja, Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Shela A. Hirani, Asif Raza Khowaja, Ghazala Rafique, Judith McFarlane 2016 Aga Khan University

A Pilot Study Of A 6-Week Parenting Program For Mothers Of Pre-School Children Attending Family Health Centers In Karachi, Pakistan., Yasmeen Khowaja, Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Shela A. Hirani, Asif Raza Khowaja, Ghazala Rafique, Judith Mcfarlane

School of Nursing & Midwifery

BACKGROUND:

Recently, parenting programs to address behavioural and emotional problems associated with child maltreatment in developing countries have received much attention. There is a paucity of literature on effective parent education interventions in the local context of Pakistan. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of offering a 6-week parenting program for mothers of pre-schoolchildren attending family health centres (FHCs) in Karachi, the largest metropolitan city of Pakistan.

METHODS:

A pilot quasi-experimental trial was conducted. Two FHCs were selected, one as the intervention and the second as the control. A total of 57 mothers of pre-school children (n = 30 intervention ...


Effective Interventions To Reduce The Increase In Elective Cesarean Sections In Low Risk Women, Kimberly Kelsey, Crystal Hunter, Brianna Tan, Sara Shea, Heather Holland, Sasha Riley, Mary Uy, Tenzin Tsomo, Fasha Ruys-solorzano, Dolma Tso 2016 Dominican University of California

Effective Interventions To Reduce The Increase In Elective Cesarean Sections In Low Risk Women, Kimberly Kelsey, Crystal Hunter, Brianna Tan, Sara Shea, Heather Holland, Sasha Riley, Mary Uy, Tenzin Tsomo, Fasha Ruys-Solorzano, Dolma Tso

Student Research Posters

According to the Annals of Family Medicine, the amount of babies born via cesarean section has increased from 4.5% in 1965 to 26.1% in 2002 and nearly 40% of all cesarean sections are repeats. After an extensive literature review, results showed that patients need to be educated about the risks and benefits of vaginal delivery and cesarean delivery. It was also found that there needs to be policy changes to decrease the amount of cesarean sections done and increase the labor and delivery support without using interventions. Further study should be focused on morbidity and mortality very low ...


Integration Of Health Promotion Into Nursing Practice: A Case Study In Pakistan., Muneerah Vastani, Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Pammla M. Petrucka 2016 Aga Khan University

Integration Of Health Promotion Into Nursing Practice: A Case Study In Pakistan., Muneerah Vastani, Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Pammla M. Petrucka

School of Nursing & Midwifery

The purpose of this study was to understand the concept of health promotion and perceptions related to the integration of health promotion in nursing practice in Pakistan. The study utilized the qualitative single case study approach to explore and describe the concept of health promotion, its significance and ways to integrate health promotion strategies in nursing practice. The data were collected from three different sources; focus group discussion among final year Post-RN BScN students, key informant interviews of practicing nurses, faculty, and MScN students, as well as a document review of the Post-RN BScN curriculum. Data analysis included a content ...


An Ethnographic Investigation Of The Maternity Healthcare Experience Of Immigrants In Rural And Urban Alberta, Canada., Gina M. Higginbottom, Jalal Safipour, Sophie Yohani, Beverly O’Brien, Zubia Mumtaz, Patricia Paton, Yvonne Chiu, Rubina Barolia 2016 University of Nottingham, South Block Link Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK.

An Ethnographic Investigation Of The Maternity Healthcare Experience Of Immigrants In Rural And Urban Alberta, Canada., Gina M. Higginbottom, Jalal Safipour, Sophie Yohani, Beverly O’Brien, Zubia Mumtaz, Patricia Paton, Yvonne Chiu, Rubina Barolia

School of Nursing & Midwifery

BACKGROUND:

Canada is among the top immigrant-receiving nations in the world. Immigrant populations may face structural and individual barriers in the access to and navigation of healthcare services in a new country. The aims of the study were to (1) generate new understanding of the processes that perpetuate immigrant disadvantages in maternity healthcare, and (2) devise potential interventions that might improve maternity experiences and outcomes for immigrant women in Canada.

METHODS:

The study utilized a qualitative research approach that focused on ethnographic research design and data analysis contextualized within theories of organizational behaviour and critical realism. Data were collected over ...


Experiences Of Adopting Blended Pedagogies In Health Assessment Course In Post Rn Baccalaureate Program Of Nursing In Karachi, Pakistan., Shanaz Hussein Cassum SC, Saleema Allana, Jacqueline Maria Dias 2016 Aga Khan University

Experiences Of Adopting Blended Pedagogies In Health Assessment Course In Post Rn Baccalaureate Program Of Nursing In Karachi, Pakistan., Shanaz Hussein Cassum Sc, Saleema Allana, Jacqueline Maria Dias

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Purpose:

There is little known about whether faculty and students in a resource constricted context experience a change in learning due to the adoption of blended learning (BL) pedagogies in a lab based course. The study aimed to understand the experiences of faculty and students’ related to the adoption of BL pedagogies in health assessment course.

Design:

An action research design was used in this study to integrate planning, action and research in the setting where the change is required. The study sample consisted of year 1 Post RN BScN students enrolled at the Aga Khan University School of Nursing ...


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