Child Labour: A Public Health Issue, 2017 Aga Khan University
Child Labour: A Public Health Issue, S. A. Gulzar, Samina Vertejee, Laila Pirani
Child labour is a global practice and has many negative outcomes. According to International Labour Organization, child labour is the important source of child exploitation and child abuse in the world today. The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan has estimated the number of Pakistani working children to be around 11-12 millions, out of which, at least, half the children are under the age of ten years. It portrays the society's attitude towards child care. It is therefore, essential to break this vicious cycle and hence, enable the society to produce healthy citizens. This article analyzes the determinants of child ...
Interaction And Cognitive Engagement In Online Discussions In Professional Development Leadership And Management Course At A Private Nursing Institution, Nimira Asif, Samina Vertejee, Sharifa Bashir Lalani
In the Post RN BScN curriculum, one of the courses “Professional Development and Leadership (PDLM)” was offered as blended mode for the first time. In order to explore the students’ interactions and Cognitive Engagement (CE) in Online Discussion Forums (ODFs), the research team conducted a retrospective study for the first time at a private nursing institution of Karachi-Pakistan. The study was conducted by utilizing the retrospective qualitative paradigm of discourse analysis to understand student’s CE in ODFs. The study has addressed the following one main and three subsidiary research questions: How do threaded discussions (in the part of online ...
Women Trafficking: Causes, Concerns, Care!, 2017 Aga Khan University
Women Trafficking: Causes, Concerns, Care!, Shaneela Sadaruddin Khowaja, Ambreen Tharani, Ajmal Agha, Rozina Karmaliani Professor
Pakistan is both a country of origin and destination as far as women trafficking is concerned. Poverty, gender discrimination, lack of education, and ignorance about legal rights are some of the underlying causes. Available data suggest several areas of concern, like, for instance: direct health effects, maladaptive coping leading to the use of illicit drugs, and inaccessibility to healthcare facilities. Therefore, numerous interventions would be required at three levels: the prevention of trafficking, the protection of victims and the prosecution of the traffickers.
Teachers’ Perceptions And Practices Of Written Feedback In Higher Education., 2017 Aga Khan University
Teachers’ Perceptions And Practices Of Written Feedback In Higher Education., Raisa Begum Gul, Ambreen Tharani, Arusa Lakhani, Nusrat Fatima Rizvi, Syeda K. Ali
This mixed-methods research aimed to understand the practices and perceptions of teachers regarding writtenfeedback. For this purpose, a survey was administered to 150 teachers forming a non-probability sample, who wereworking in various universities in Karachi. The disciplines chosen for the study included nursing, applied linguistics,medicine and education departments in institutes of higher education situated in Karachi. Before sampling, initialscreening was done to obtain a list of institutes which provide written feedback on students’ assignments. Twohomogenous groups of teachers by discipline (nursing and education) were then selected for focus group discussions.It was found that most teachers consider written feedback ...
Factors Associated With Stress Among Adolescents In The City Of Nawabshah, Pakistan., 2017 Aga Khan University
Factors Associated With Stress Among Adolescents In The City Of Nawabshah, Pakistan., Yasmin Parpio, Salima Farooq, Saleema Gulzar, Ambreen Tharani, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Fawad Javed
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors of stress among school-going adolescents in rural Nawabshah, Pakistan. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted in 2005, comprising 800 school-going children of 10-16 years of age in Nawabshah, through simple random sampling. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire to assess the potential risk factors of stress. A modified version of Perceived stress scale was utilized to measure stress level. SPSS 12 was used for statistical analysis, while multiple linear regression analysis was run to identify the factors associated with stress in the study population. RESULTS: Of the total, 529 (66%) children belonged to ...
Community Mental Health Services: A Way Forward To Rehabilitate Chronic Mentally Ill Client., 2017 Aga Khan University
Community Mental Health Services: A Way Forward To Rehabilitate Chronic Mentally Ill Client., Ambreen Tharani, Salima Farooq, Anila Naveed
Schizophrenia and other mental illnesses produce devastating effects on a clients' personal and psychosocial wellbeing. Besides the sufferer, it has irrevocable impacts on the lives of their loved ones. With advancement in the treatment modalities, researches have proven that hospital based care and psychotropic drugs are not the sole solution in managing the client symptoms. Deinstitutionalization is the paradigm shift from hospital based to community based care model that allows client/s to spend rest of their lives in the community setting. A well-structured community care based programme that focuses on psychosocial interventions has significant contribution in treatment and rehabilitation ...
Compliance To Antipsychotic Medication: A Challenge For Client, Family And Health Care Providers., 2017 Aga Khan University
Compliance To Antipsychotic Medication: A Challenge For Client, Family And Health Care Providers., Ambreen Tharani, Salima Farooq, Faiza Saleem, Anila Naveed
Compliance with anti-psychotic medications plays a significant role in managing clients with schizophrenia. It not only helps in controlling the symptoms, but also decreases the risk of relapses and ultimately improves quality of life (QoL) for the clients. However, compliance with anti-psychotic medication remains a challenge for the client, family and healthcare providers. Identification of these associated factors is vital to make appropriate plan to enhance medication compliance. In this paper, various factors are highlighted that are associated with medication compliance in clients with schizophrenia.
Postpartum Depression And Childbirth Education: An Integrative Literature Review, 2017 DePaul University
Postpartum Depression And Childbirth Education: An Integrative Literature Review, Marialicia J. Kunkel
Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium
Background: Postpartum Depression (PPD) is a mood disorder that affects approximately 15% of women. Preventative methods are key to reducing the prevalence of PPD, and childbirth educators are in a unique position to disseminate information to new parents.
Objective: The purpose of this literature to review was to investigate what PPD information is currently being incorporated in Childbirth education curriculum. The goal of this literature review was to establish whether new parents were being educated on PPD prior to giving birth and if that helped raise levels of awareness.
Methods: Articles were found using Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied ...
Validity And Reliability Testing: Urdu Translated Modified Response To Symptoms Questionnaire., 2017 Aga Khan University
Validity And Reliability Testing: Urdu Translated Modified Response To Symptoms Questionnaire., Saleema A. Gulzar, Tazeen S. Ali, Khurshid Khowaja, Aamir Hameed, Debra Kay Moser Debra Kay Moser Debra Kay Moser
To determine validity and reliability of the Urdu translated, modified "Response to symptoms questionnaire" (RSQ) among acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients in Karachi.
A qualitative, tool validation study.
PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY:
Two tertiary care hospitals in Karachi, the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi and the Karachi Institute of Heart Diseases, from December 2010 to April 2011.
After making certain modifications, the original tool in English was translated into Urdu. Next, five cardiology experts evaluated the tool for its content and face validity. Test retest and inter rater reliabilities were computed for the RSQ using ...
Peer Violence Perpetration And Victimization: Prevalence, Associated Factors And Pathways Among 1752 Sixth Grade Boys And Girls In Schools In Pakistan., Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Judith Mcfarlane, Rozina Somani, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Shireen Shehzad, Tazeen Saeed Ali, S. A. Gulzar, Yasmeen Hassan Somani, Esnat D. Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes
School of Nursing & Midwifery
Child peer violence is a global problem and seriously impacts health and education. There are few research studies available in Pakistan, or South Asia. We describe the prevalence of peer violence, associations, and pathways between socio-economic status, school performance, gender attitudes and violence at home.
1752 children were recruited into a cluster randomized controlled trial conducted on 40 fairly homogeneous public schools (20 for girls and 20 for boys), in Hyderabad, Pakistan. This was ranging from 20-65 children per school. All children were interviewed with questionnaires at baseline.
Few children had no experience of peer violence in ...
A Delphi Study: Guidelines For Researchers Working With Teenage Mothers, 2017 The University of Texas at Tyler
A Delphi Study: Guidelines For Researchers Working With Teenage Mothers, Alison M. Chamberlain
Nursing Theses and Dissertations
Problem: It is difficult to get teenage mothers to participate in studies, yet some researchers have been successful. Researchers who understand the barriers to conducting studies with a vulnerable population and are guided in ways to overcome these barriers, will experience greater success when doing studies with this group. Improved study methods can lead to larger numbers of teenage mothers who participate in studies. Researchers who follow developmentally appropriate guidelines are more likely to conduct and replicate studies with this population. Access is essential to advance the science related to care for teenage mothers who are at risk for many ...
Women’S Perception And Attitude Towards Male Dominancy And Controlling Behaviors, 2017 Aga Khan University
Women’S Perception And Attitude Towards Male Dominancy And Controlling Behaviors, Tazeen S. Ali, Noureen Karamali, Omer Malik
Introduction/Background: The study was conducted in urban Karachi, Pakistan to investigate women’s perceptions and attitudes towards male dominancy, female autonomy, and controlling behavior of husbands. Method: This was investigated in a population based study with a cross-sectional design, involving married women aged 25 to 60 years. A Structured questionnaire developed by World Health Organisation (WHO) on violence was used. Community midwives interviewed these married women living in pre-selected low, middle and upper socio-economic areas of urban Karachi, Pakistan.Findings: This study revealed women’s overall perception regarding male dominancy and controlling behavior and highlighted this attitude, as being ...
Understanding Of Puberty And Related Health Problems Among Female Adolescents In Karachi, Pakistan, 2017 Aga Khan University
Understanding Of Puberty And Related Health Problems Among Female Adolescents In Karachi, Pakistan, Tazeen S. Ali, Parveen Azam Ali, Humaira Waheed, Azam Ali Memon
Objectives: To understand the level of knowledge, a community based study conducted with the objectives as follows: To estimate the proportion of common facilities available and accessible and frequency of utilizing of it. To estimate the proportion of female adolescent utilizing the availability of facilities. To assess the level of understanding related to puberty and related health problems among female adolescents.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the understanding and level of knowledge related to puberty and related health problems among female adolescents of Karachi, Pakistan. Data was collected from 150 female adolescents between 10-19 years of age ...
The Patterns Of Health Seeking Behavior Among Patients With Hepatitis C In Karachi, Pakistan, 2017 Aga Khan University
The Patterns Of Health Seeking Behavior Among Patients With Hepatitis C In Karachi, Pakistan, Shahina Sabz Ali Pirani, Tazeen S. Ali, Saleema Allana, Faisal Wasim Ismail
Background: The study aimed to assess the patterns of health seeking behavior and the level satisfaction with the health care providers among hepatitis C patients in Karachi, Pakistan. Methodology: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted among 250 hepatitis C patients, who were recruited from the Aga Khan University Hospital and the Civil Hospital Karachi, Pakistan, between March and May 2013. Results: The patterns of health seeking behavior showed that a majority of the study participants approached a medical doctor (n=359), followed by spiritual healers (n=103), and a few participants approached traditional healers (n=38) and homeopaths (n=11 ...
Reproductive Tract Infections Among Married Women In Peri-Urban Areas Of Karachi, Pakistan: A Population-Based Study, Neelofar Sami, Tazeen S. Ali, Erum Khan
Background: Reproductive Tract Infections (RTIs) is a major public health problem. In Pakistan, there is dearth of information about the prevalence of RTIs among women and their health seeking behavior. A study was conducted to determine the prevalence, number and types of RTIs among women residing in squatter settlements in Karachi and their health seeking behavior. Methods: The respondents were married non-pregnant women aged 15–49 years residing in peri-urban areas of Karachi, Pakistan. The interviews with women were followed by their physical and pelvic examinations. Samples swabs collected from vagina and endocervix were tested in laboratory. Results: Overall, 23 ...
Rapidly Progressive Periodontal Disease Associated With Human Immunodeficiency Virus, 2017 Aga Khan University
Rapidly Progressive Periodontal Disease Associated With Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Khalid Al Hezaimi, Fawad Javed, Tazeen S. Ali, Mansour Al Askar, Abdulaziz Al Rasheed
Severe periodontal inflammation with generalized dental plaque accumulation, spontaneous and severe gingival bleeding, fungal infection, and interdental papillae necrosis are presented in a patient infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Bite-wing radiographs revealed a generalized horizontal alveolar bone loss of 7-8 millimetres in both arches. Erythematous patches were noted on the gingival mucosa in both jaws. DNA testing was performed to indentify the periodontopathogens. The patient had no signs or symptoms of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. This case-report presents the massive periodontal destruction that occurred in a patient infected with HIV. Therefore, it is highly recommended that patients infected with HIV ...
Prevalence Of Perceived Heavy Postpartum Hemorrhage And Its Associated Factors Among Married Mothers In Squatter Settlements Of Karachi, Tazeen S. Ali, Fazal Ather
Objectives; To estimate the prevalence of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and identify its associated factors among the married women of 15-49 years, residingin the Karachi, Pakistan. Methodology: This cross-sectional survey was carried out in five squatter settlements of Karachi during 2000-2001. Information was collected regarding age, gravida, education, antenatal, natal and postnatal care, with perceived puerperal morbidities from 525 mothers, who were in their 42nd to 56th post delivery day. Univariate and multivariate analyses were computed using multiple logistic regression method. Results: The estimated prevalence for perceived PPH was 7.24%. Three hundred and ninety six (75.4 %) women received ante-natal ...
Prevalence And Factors Associated With Maternal Postpartum Haemorrhage In Khyber Agency, Pakistan, 2017 Aga Khan University
Prevalence And Factors Associated With Maternal Postpartum Haemorrhage In Khyber Agency, Pakistan, N Gani, Tazeen S. Ali
Background: Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is one of the main causes of maternal mortality globally. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of PPH and identify factors associated with PPH in Khyber Agency, Pakistan. Methodology: A quantitative, cross-sectional study design was selected to estimate the prevalence and associated factors for PPH among married women aged 15–49 years, residing in the Khyber Agency, FATA, Pakistan. A pre-tested structured questionnaire was adapted with some modifications to interview 1,000 women. Results: Prevalence of PPH was 21.3% in the study population. Factors associated with PPH were age, number of ...
Prevalence And Factors Associated With Postpartum Vaginal Infection In The Khyber Agency Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Pakistan, Nasreen Ghani, Rafat Jan Rukanuddin, Tazeen S. Ali
Objective: To estimate the prevalence and to identify the factors associated with vaginal infection among the married women between the ages of 15-49 years residing in the Khyber Agency (FATA), Pakistan.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the month of July 2005 on 1084 mothers by using random sampling strategy in Khyber Agency Pakistan by trained nurses. The descriptive and multivariate statistics were computed.
Results: The multivariate analysis showed that the associated factors with vaginal infection were the use of unhygienic material to soak up the lochia [aOR=3.45, 95% CI (1.36, 8.75)], bathing after 40 ...
Misconceptions And Mismanagement Of Menstruation Among Adolescents Girls Who Do Not Attend School In Pakistan, 2017 Aga Khan University, Pakistan
Misconceptions And Mismanagement Of Menstruation Among Adolescents Girls Who Do Not Attend School In Pakistan, Naghma Rizvi, Tazeen Saeed Ali
Background: Menstruation is perceived and interpreted differently under different social and cultural norms. There are a number of different practices, conceptions and misconceptions that have been reported in studies conducted in various countries. In Pakistan, there is a dearth of knowledge related to hygienic and unhygienic practices, discomforts, misconceptions related to nutrition, and restrictions imposed during menstruation. Therefore, this study was conducted with the objectives to identify the conceptions and misconceptions about menstruation, explore hygienic and unhygienic practices during menstruation along with the socio- cultural and religious restrictions imposed, and the discomforts with its management among adolescents who do not ...