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Impact Of Divorce On Students’ Life, Laila Akber Cassum 2018 Aga Khan University School of Nursing and Midwifery (AKUSONAM)

Impact Of Divorce On Students’ Life, Laila Akber Cassum

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Tensions and anxiety is the common phenomena among the students of modern generation. These students go through stress due to personal, psychosocial, familial and academic matters. Some of the common ones which substantially impact their lives like family disputes, academic challenges, parental conflicts, financial concerns, social isolation and interpersonal matters, parental separation and divorce, separation from family and reduced support system. Untiring conflicts between the parents weakens the lifelong marriage contract to the verge of break down where both the life partners determines to go for the option of divorce. This creates traumatic and nerve wracking atmosphere at home and ...


Are Midwifery Students Adequately Prepared For Vaginal Breech Birth In Clinical Practice?, Steffne Nel, Sadie Geraghty 2018 Edith Cowan University

Are Midwifery Students Adequately Prepared For Vaginal Breech Birth In Clinical Practice?, Steffne Nel, Sadie Geraghty

ECU Publications Post 2013

While the value of the clinical skills and expertise required to enable safe vaginal breech birth remains high, midwives who possess these skills are becoming scarce. Additionally, for many midwifery students, vaginal breech birth is becoming somewhat of an elusive event, rarely experienced in clinical practice when completing their training. Not so long ago, this was a standard competency taught to and held by obstetricians and midwives alike, but for those in developed nations working within robust healthcare systems, the frequency of planned vaginal breech birth is on a downward trend, and this is reflected in midwifery educational curriculums.


Building A New Generation Of Midwifery Faculty Members In Bangladesh, Malin Bogren, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Kerstin Erlandsson 2017 United Nations Population Fund, Bangladesh

Building A New Generation Of Midwifery Faculty Members In Bangladesh, Malin Bogren, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Kerstin Erlandsson

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

This paper presents an initiative to build a new generation of midwifery faculty in Bangladesh, with the ultimate objective of providing insight into how to build capacity in the midwifery faculty to best utilize the existing academic, health care and policy environment. The initiative focuses on a promising approach that starts with a new generation of midwifery faculty who can lead a chain of change when separating midwifery teaching from nursing. The initiative identified four different interdependent components of equal importance, namely the initiation of master’s and bachelor’s degrees, development of accreditation guidelines and tools, and a mentorship ...


Discharge Readiness For Families With A Premature Infant Living In Appalachia, Kathy Zimmerman 2017 East Tennessee State University

Discharge Readiness For Families With A Premature Infant Living In Appalachia, Kathy Zimmerman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With increased advances in technology, the overall survival rates in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) for premature infants at lower gestational ages, has also increased. Although premature infants survive at lower gestational ages, they are often discharged to home with unresolved medical issues. While the birth of a new baby for parents is a joyous occasion, they often have difficulty coping and transitioning into a parental role. Premature infants also have ongoing complications such as difficulty with feeding, developmental delays in growth, and long-term eye and respiratory complications. As a result of chronic health sequelae, premature infants require extensive ...


The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey 2017 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Type 1 Diabetics have various ways of managing their diabetes that have been studied for their effectiveness. Pregnancy in the Type 1 Diabetic has been understudied. It is known that Diabetics in general have poorer pregnancy outcomes because of poor glycemic control. This coupled with the fact that the body needs 3-4 times more insulin as pregnancy comes to an end makes managing blood glucose levels challenging for diabetics (Lowdermilk, 2016, p. 689). For the Type 1 Diabetic, there are two main ways to control diabetes: multiple daily injections using at least two type of insulin and continuous subcutaneous insulin ...


Developments In Midwifery In Asia In 2017, Rafat Jan, Edwin van Teijlingen 2017 Aga Khan Univesity

Developments In Midwifery In Asia In 2017, Rafat Jan, Edwin Van Teijlingen

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

No abstract provided.


Implementation Of A Bachelor’S In Midwifery Programme In Pakistan: Reflections Of Midwifery Faculty, Arusa Lakhani, Sadia Abbas Ali, Kiran Mubeen, Marina Baig, Shahnaz Shahid, Rafat Jan, Karyn Kaufman 2017 Aga Khan University

Implementation Of A Bachelor’S In Midwifery Programme In Pakistan: Reflections Of Midwifery Faculty, Arusa Lakhani, Sadia Abbas Ali, Kiran Mubeen, Marina Baig, Shahnaz Shahid, Rafat Jan, Karyn Kaufman

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

Introduction/Objective: There is an international consensus on the significant role of competent midwives in improving maternal and newborn health indicators. Midwives and midwifery education in the developing world including Pakistan have lagged behind in being part of higher education. To enhance the quality of maternal and newborn services through competency based higher education in midwifery, the first Bachelors of Science in Midwifery (BScM) programme was introduced in Pakistan. As part of a larger study about establishing this programme, this paper focuses on the reflective logs of midwifery faculty members who initiated this new programme in Pakistan.
Method: The team ...


Exploring The Fears Of Pakistani Primi Gravidas About Childbirth, Zohra Kurji, Amina Aijaz khowaja, Zahra Shaheen, Yasmin Mithani, Naveeda Haq 2017 Aga Khan University

Exploring The Fears Of Pakistani Primi Gravidas About Childbirth, Zohra Kurji, Amina Aijaz Khowaja, Zahra Shaheen, Yasmin Mithani, Naveeda Haq

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

Background: Childbirth can be a very painful experience as it brings a lot of physiological and psychological changes in women’s lives. The literature demonstrates that anxiety and fear during the birthing process is related to a woman’s ability to give birth safely; fear can lead to complications such as emergency caesarean section and a reduced ability to tolerate pain. Therefore, health care professionals need to explore fears and educate expectant mothers, most especially primi gravidas, about the birthing process.
Method: A qualitative descriptive exploratory design was used to investigate fears about childbirth. Purposive sampling was used to recruit ...


Determinants Of Quality Of Care And Access To Basic Emergency Obstetric And Neonatal Care Facilities And Midwife-Led Facilities In Low And Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review, Preeti K. Mahato, Edwin van Teijlingen, Padam P. Simkhada, Catherine Angell 2017 Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, UK

Determinants Of Quality Of Care And Access To Basic Emergency Obstetric And Neonatal Care Facilities And Midwife-Led Facilities In Low And Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review, Preeti K. Mahato, Edwin Van Teijlingen, Padam P. Simkhada, Catherine Angell

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

Background: Maternal mortality is a major challenge to health systems in Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs) where almost 99% of maternal deaths occurred in 2015. Primary-care facilities providing Basic Emergency Obstetric and Neonatal Care (BEmONC) facilities, and facilities that are midwife-led are appropriate for normal birth in LMICs and have been proposed as the best approach to reduce maternal deaths. However, the poor quality of maternal services that leads to decreased utilisation of these facilities is among the major causes of maternal deaths worldwide. This systematic review studied factors affecting the quality of care in BEmONC and midwife-led facilities in ...


Why American Parents Circumcise Their Sons: An Integrative Review Of Literature, Lacy Lauber 2017 DePaul University

Why American Parents Circumcise Their Sons: An Integrative Review Of Literature, Lacy Lauber

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Since medical evidence supports both pros and cons of routine neonatal male circumcision, expectant and new parents are left to make the decision to circumcise their sons on their own. There is limited research as to why American parents choose to circumcise their newborn sons.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to identify the reasons behind parental decision making in neonatal male circumcision in the United States. Understanding motivating factors in parental decision-making can highlight areas of prenatal education for expectant parents.

Method: An integrative literature review was conducted utilizing these online databases: PubMed, The Cumulative ...


College Students, Experiences On Smart Phone Technology Usage: A Qualitative Content Analysis Study, fatemeh jafarzadeh-kenarsari, parand pourghane 2017 Medical Education Research Center (MERC), Education Development Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

College Students, Experiences On Smart Phone Technology Usage: A Qualitative Content Analysis Study, Fatemeh Jafarzadeh-Kenarsari, Parand Pourghane

The Qualitative Report

Besides many benefits of the cell phone technology, numerous arguments are raised on the different and important negative effects of such a technology. This qualitative content analysis study explored the common usages of smart phone technology, its challenges, and benefits among Iranian college students. Participants were 32 bachelor degree students who were recruited using purposive sampling method with maximum variation. Data were collected through 11 individual semi-structured interviews and 3 focus group discussions (5-8 students in each group). Data analysis was done based on a conventional content analysis approach. Data analysis resulted in 3 main themes and 12 sub-themes. The ...


Risk Factors Of Cardiovascular Disease And Its Recommendations In Pakistani Context., Rubina Barolia, Amber Hussain Sayani 2017 Aga Khan University

Risk Factors Of Cardiovascular Disease And Its Recommendations In Pakistani Context., Rubina Barolia, Amber Hussain Sayani

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Cardiovascular diseases possess a major cause for fatality and disability the world over. Since last several decades, the rates of cardiovascular diseases-related deaths have decreased in a number of high-income countries but increased in low- and middle-income countries with around 80% of the burden. Despite the seriousness of cardiovascular diseases in low- and middle-income countries, minimal attention is given to the prevention of cardiovascular diseases risk factors in South Asia, particularly in Pakistan. In addition, economic and political instability is accelerating the rates of cardiovascular diseases in the country. Practical efforts are required to enhance the understanding of cardiovascular diseases ...


Prevalence Of Overweight And Obesity In United Arab Emirates Expatriates: The Uae National Diabetes And Lifestyle Study., Nabil Sulaiman, Salah Elbadawi, Amal Hussein, Salah Abusnana, Abdulrazzag Madani, Maisoon Mairghani, Fatheya Alawadi, Ahmad Sulaiman, Paul Zimmet, Oliver Huse, Jonathan Shaw, Anna Peeters 2017 University of Sharjah

Prevalence Of Overweight And Obesity In United Arab Emirates Expatriates: The Uae National Diabetes And Lifestyle Study., Nabil Sulaiman, Salah Elbadawi, Amal Hussein, Salah Abusnana, Abdulrazzag Madani, Maisoon Mairghani, Fatheya Alawadi, Ahmad Sulaiman, Paul Zimmet, Oliver Huse, Jonathan Shaw, Anna Peeters

School of Nursing and Midwifery Articles

Objective: To describe current prevalence of obesity and related non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in expatriates living in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Methods: We used data from the cross-sectional UAE National Diabetes and Lifestyle Study (UAEDIAB), which surveyed adult expatriates living in the UAE for at least 4 years. We report crude prevalence of overweight and obesity, indicated by gender and ethnicity-specific body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) cut-offs, by lifestyle and biomedical characteristics, as well as age and sex-adjusted odds ratios.

Results: Out of a total of 3064 recruited expatriates (response rate 68%), 2724 had ...


“I Have Collected Qualitative Data; Now What Do I Do?” Approaches To Analysing Qualitative Data., William Evans, Tom O'Connor 2017 Institute of Technology Tralee

“I Have Collected Qualitative Data; Now What Do I Do?” Approaches To Analysing Qualitative Data., William Evans, Tom O'Connor

School of Nursing and Midwifery Articles

Analysing qualitative data can be challenging for novice researchers and is best summarised by Silverman [1]: ‘You have gathered your interviews, selected your documents or made some observations. Now what do you do?’ [2]. There are many different ways to analyse data and decisions about which analytical approach to choose from can be challenging. The paper will introduce a number of analytical approaches from different research traditions and introduce how they can be employed when analysing qualitative data. In addition, the benefits of utilising computer assisted technology to complete qualitative data analysis will be presented.


The Feasibility Of An Internet-Based Intervention For Chinese People With Mental Illness: A Survey Of Willingness And Attitude, Xiu-Y Yao, Zheng Li, David Arthur, Lili Hu, Gen Cheng 2017 Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China

The Feasibility Of An Internet-Based Intervention For Chinese People With Mental Illness: A Survey Of Willingness And Attitude, Xiu-Y Yao, Zheng Li, David Arthur, Lili Hu, Gen Cheng

David Arthur

Background: The easy accessibility, increasing usage, and low cost of internet make it a desirable way of providing health information and delivering interventions for health consumers. Studies in other countries have verified and confirmed the effectiveness of internet-based interventions among people with mental health problems. Similar programs have yet to commence in China. Purpose: This study investigated the willingness for, and attitude toward internet-based intervention in Chinese mental health service users and explored the feasibility of such an intervention. Methods: A cross-sectional survey utilizing a self-developed questionnaire was administered to 186 mental health service users in Beijing, between April and ...


Self-Management Education Interventions For Persons With Schizophrenia: A Meta-Analysis, Haiou Zou, Zheng Li, Marie T Nolan, David Arthur, Hongxing Wang, Lili Hu 2017 Peking Union Medical College, School of Nursing

Self-Management Education Interventions For Persons With Schizophrenia: A Meta-Analysis, Haiou Zou, Zheng Li, Marie T Nolan, David Arthur, Hongxing Wang, Lili Hu

David Arthur

Although self-management education programs for persons with schizophrenia are being developed and advocated, uncertainty about their overall effectiveness remains. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine outcomes of self-management education interventions in persons with schizophrenia. Six electronic databases were searched. Manual searches were conducted of the reference lists of the identified studies and major psychiatric journals. Randomized controlled trials of self-management education interventions aimed at reducing relapse and hospital readmissions, as well as improving symptoms, psychosocial functioning, and adherence to medication treatment were identified. Data were extracted and the quality of included studies were rated by two authors independently ...


Nurses Attitudes Towards Perinatal Bereavement Care, Chan Moon Fai, David Arthur 2017 National University of Singapore, Singapore

Nurses Attitudes Towards Perinatal Bereavement Care, Chan Moon Fai, David Arthur

David Arthur

Aim: This paper is a report of a study conducted to explore the factors associated with nurses and midwives’ attitudes towards perinatal bereavement care.Background: Caring for and supporting parents whose infant has died is extremely demanding, difficult and stressful. In some situations nurses may experience personal failure, feel helpless, and need to distance themselves from bereaved parents because they feel unable to deal with the enormity of the parental feelings of loss.Method: A correlational questionnaire study using convenience sampling was carried out in Singapore in 2007 with 185 nurses/midwives in one obstetrics and gynaecology unit.Results: Regression ...


Investigating Factors Associate To Nurses’ Attitudes Towards Perinatal Bereavement Care, Moon Fai Chan, Feng-lan Lou, David Arthur, Feng-lin Cao, Lai Har Wu, Ping Li, Miharu Sagara- Rosemeyer, Loretta Yuet Foon Chung, Li Lui 2017 Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong SAR, China

Investigating Factors Associate To Nurses’ Attitudes Towards Perinatal Bereavement Care, Moon Fai Chan, Feng-Lan Lou, David Arthur, Feng-Lin Cao, Lai Har Wu, Ping Li, Miharu Sagara- Rosemeyer, Loretta Yuet Foon Chung, Li Lui

David Arthur

Aim: The purpose of this study was to explore nurses’ attitudes towards perinatal bereavement care and to identify factors associate with such attitudes. Background: Caring for and supporting parents whose infant has died is extremely demanding, difficult and stressful. It is likely that the attitude of nursing staff can influence recovery from a pregnancy loss and nurses with positive attitude to bereavement care can help bereaved parents to cope during their grieving period.
Method: Data were collected through a structured questionnaire; 334 nurses were recruited (63% response rate) from the Obstetrics and Gynaecology unit in five hospitals in Hong Kong ...


A National Survey Of New Zealand Registered Nurses Caring Attributes, Professional Self Concept And Technological Influences, A O'Brien, David Arthur, M Woods, P Watson 2017 Aga Khan University

A National Survey Of New Zealand Registered Nurses Caring Attributes, Professional Self Concept And Technological Influences, A O'Brien, David Arthur, M Woods, P Watson

David Arthur

No abstract provided.


Child Labour: A Public Health Issue, S. A. Gulzar, Samina Vertejee, Laila Pirani 2017 Aga Khan University

Child Labour: A Public Health Issue, S. A. Gulzar, Samina Vertejee, Laila Pirani

Samina Vertejee

Child labour is a global practice and has many negative outcomes. According to International Labour Organization, child labour is the important source of child exploitation and child abuse in the world today. The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan has estimated the number of Pakistani working children to be around 11-12 millions, out of which, at least, half the children are under the age of ten years. It portrays the society's attitude towards child care. It is therefore, essential to break this vicious cycle and hence, enable the society to produce healthy citizens. This article analyzes the determinants of child ...


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