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Effectiveness Of Breastfeeding Shift Champions On Exclusive Breastfeeding, Comfort Obi 2017 Georgia College

Effectiveness Of Breastfeeding Shift Champions On Exclusive Breastfeeding, Comfort Obi

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Translational and Clinical Research Projects

Purpose. This project evaluated the effect of breastfeeding support on breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding rates among postpartum mothers in immediate postpartum period. The breastfeeding support was provided by breastfeeding shift champions (BFSC) following childbirth.

Design. A convenience sample of BFSCs, aged between 18 and 44 years, was utilized.

Method. Pre-and post-intervention questionnaires were used to evaluate breastfeeding knowledge of BFSC. Breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding rates were extracted, pre- and post- intervention, from electronic medical records of newborns and their mothers.

Data analysis. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analyses. Descriptive data were displayed using frequency distributions tables. Paired ...


When The Health System Fails You: Maternal Care Under Kenya’S 2017 Nurses' Strike, Tessa Coughtrey-Davenport 2017 SIT Study Abroad

When The Health System Fails You: Maternal Care Under Kenya’S 2017 Nurses' Strike, Tessa Coughtrey-Davenport

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This study focuses on the 2017 nurses’ strike and how the crippling of the public health system impacted maternal care in Kisumu, Kenya. Kenya has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world, and there have been many efforts to reduce this, such as delivery with a Skilled Birth Attendant and attending antenatal care visits, all of which are centered around a functioning health system. The research team used a combination of interviews with key populations and analysis of service delivery data at local health centers to evaluate the effects of the strike on maternal care. The study ...


Exercise As An Intervention For Prevention Of Gestational Diabetes, Jocelyn Anderson 2017 DePaul University

Exercise As An Intervention For Prevention Of Gestational Diabetes, Jocelyn Anderson

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Perinatal Oxycodone Exposure On Behavioral Outcome In A Rodent Model, Thitinart Sithisarn, Sandra J. Legan, Philip M. Westgate, Melinda E. Wilson, Kristen Wellmann, Henrietta S. Bada, Susan Barron 2017 University of Kentucky

The Effects Of Perinatal Oxycodone Exposure On Behavioral Outcome In A Rodent Model, Thitinart Sithisarn, Sandra J. Legan, Philip M. Westgate, Melinda E. Wilson, Kristen Wellmann, Henrietta S. Bada, Susan Barron

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Opiate addiction is now a major public health problem. Perinatal insults and exposure to opiates such as morphine in utero are well known to affect development of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis of the offspring adversely and are associated with a higher risk of developing neurobehavioral problems. Oxycodone is now one of the most frequently abused pain killers during pregnancy; however, limited data are available regarding whether and how perinatal oxycodone exposure (POE) alters neurobehavioral outcomes of the offspring. We demonstrated that exposure to 0.5 mg/kg/day oxycodone in utero was associated with hyperactivity in adult rats in ...


Child Labour: A Public Health Issue, S. A. Gulzar, Samina Vertejee, Laila Pirani 2017 Aga Khan University

Child Labour: A Public Health Issue, S. A. Gulzar, Samina Vertejee, Laila Pirani

Samina Vertejee

Child labour is a global practice and has many negative outcomes. According to International Labour Organization, child labour is the important source of child exploitation and child abuse in the world today. The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan has estimated the number of Pakistani working children to be around 11-12 millions, out of which, at least, half the children are under the age of ten years. It portrays the society's attitude towards child care. It is therefore, essential to break this vicious cycle and hence, enable the society to produce healthy citizens. This article analyzes the determinants of child ...


Early Life Antibiotic Exposure And Its Association With Overweight/Obesity: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Margaret Pfaff 2017 DePaul University

Early Life Antibiotic Exposure And Its Association With Overweight/Obesity: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Margaret Pfaff

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Early Life Antibiotic Exposure and its Association with Overweight/Obesity: An Integrative Review of the Literature

Margaret Pfaff

Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Shannon Simonovich

Background: Prevention of or treatment for obesity could improve quality of life for many people. Infancy may be a critical period during which efforts should be focused to mitigate modifiable factors that may influence the risk for developing obesity.

Objectives: This integrative literature identified factors associated with greater incidence or effects of antibiotic exposure during infancy and examined the connection between early life antibiotic exposure and later in life overweight/obesity.

Method: This analysis followed the Whittemore ...


Programs That Can Support Nurses To Reduce Compassion Fatigue And Secondary Traumatic Stress: An Integrative Literature Review, Molly Gruettner 2017 DePaul University

Programs That Can Support Nurses To Reduce Compassion Fatigue And Secondary Traumatic Stress: An Integrative Literature Review, Molly Gruettner

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Compassion allows a nurse to empathize with their patient and their family, but it does not prepare the nurse to cope with stressful events. Repeatedly being exposed to traumatizing events, pain, distress, and suffering can lead to nurse burn-out and fatigue. Compassion fatigue is a unique form of burnout and secondary traumatic stress (STS) encompasses ideas of compassion fatigue and the two terms are often used interchangeably. Objective: The goal of this systematic integrated literature review is to discover interventions to reduce compassion fatigue and STS in trauma nurses Methods: A systematic integrated literature review study was conducted using Ebscohost ...


Postpartum Depression And Childbirth Education: An Integrative Literature Review, Marialicia J. Kunkel 2017 DePaul University

Postpartum Depression And Childbirth Education: An Integrative Literature Review, Marialicia J. Kunkel

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Postpartum Depression (PPD) is a mood disorder that affects approximately 15% of women. Preventative methods are key to reducing the prevalence of PPD, and childbirth educators are in a unique position to disseminate information to new parents.

Objective: The purpose of this literature to review was to investigate what PPD information is currently being incorporated in Childbirth education curriculum. The goal of this literature review was to establish whether new parents were being educated on PPD prior to giving birth and if that helped raise levels of awareness.

Methods: Articles were found using Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied ...


Advanced Maternal Age And The Correlation Between Cesarean Birth Rates, Hope Campbell 2017 DePaul University

Advanced Maternal Age And The Correlation Between Cesarean Birth Rates, Hope Campbell

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the mean age of mothers at the delivery of their first child has increased from 24.9 years to 26.3 years between 2000 and 2014. Miscarriages, financial instability, lack of a partner and more effective contraception may also be associated with the increasing rate of delayed pregnancy. The increasing rate of delayed pregnancy could contribute to the higher rate of cesarean section deliveries in women over the age of 35 which could lead to an increased risk to mother and fetus. The rising cesarean rate is associated with rising ...


Impact Of Socioeconomic Status On Prenatal Nutrition And Postpartum Depression, Kelsey Moran 2017 DePaul University

Impact Of Socioeconomic Status On Prenatal Nutrition And Postpartum Depression, Kelsey Moran

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most common complication of childbirth, affecting 11-20% of women who give birth each year. Women suffering from PPD may experience feelings of guilt, worthlessness, and anxiety related to birth, and may think of suicide or harm towards their baby. Nutrition plays a key role in the onset, severity, and duration of general depression. Although nutritional deficiencies can be prevalent among all Americans, they disproportionately affect low-income individuals. There is currently a knowledge gap regarding postpartum depression causation in low-income women. It is important to understand the cause of postpartum depression to provide appropriate intervention ...


Utilization Of Care By Infants With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In Delaware, Michele K. Savin, MSN, NNP-BC 2017 School of Nursing, Thomas Jefferson University

Utilization Of Care By Infants With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In Delaware, Michele K. Savin, Msn, Nnp-Bc

College of Nursing Faculty Papers & Presentations

From 1999-2013, the nationwide incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) due to maternal drug use rose from 1.5/1000 to 6/1000 hospital births. There is a dearth of information regarding what happens to these children when they are discharged. The purpose of this Practice Inquiry Project is to utilize existing Delaware Medicaid data to retrospectively explore the utilization of services and gaps in care for the infant with NAS in the first year of life. Key findings include less than expected well child visits and immunizations along with higher hospital re-admission rates. This represents missed opportunities for care ...


Reducing The Risk Of Hypothermia In Neonatal Infants, Monika Klett-Dunbar 2017 The University of San Francisco

Reducing The Risk Of Hypothermia In Neonatal Infants, Monika Klett-Dunbar

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Global Aim: To improve infant thermoregulation within the first 24 hours of life of the high risk preterm and very low birth weight (VLBW) infant population in the NICU, thereby reducing rates of morbidity and mortality due to complications influenced by infant hypothermia. Project Aim: To reduce the rate of hypothermia at one hour and the first 24 hours of life in the target population of preterm neonates weighing less than 1500 grams with a gestational age less than 32 weeks from 9.5% to < 5% through the consistent use of a specific bundle of interventions applied in the labor and delivery setting, by December 2017. The aim of the current initiative is also to build on the success of the pilot program launched in 2015 by adding to the preliminary bundle of initiatives, and sustaining hard-won achievements by reinforcing education measures to the nursing and medical teams involved in the infant delivery and NICU admission process. Background: Hypothermia is a major factor in morbidity and mortality of low-birth-weight premature infants ...


Midline Catheter Usage In The Neonatal Population, Kelly Freeland 2017 The University of San Francisco

Midline Catheter Usage In The Neonatal Population, Kelly Freeland

Master's Projects and Capstones

Neonatal sepsis is associated with increased mortality and morbidities including lengthy hospital stays. Neonate’s immature immune system and susceptibility to sepsis make them prone to antibiotic treatment. Lack of recommendations points to the need for evidence-based practices when selecting a vascular access device (VAD). Literature reviewed demonstrated that a midline catheter (MC) was an option for a VAD with neonatal populations requiring antibiotic therapy more than 48 hours. MCs offer fewer complications compared to the peripheral intravenous (PIV) device. The objective of this project is to reduce the amount of pain experienced by neonates by reducing the number of ...


The Need Of Lactation Consultant For Night Shift, Joyce Fung 2017 The University of San Francisco

The Need Of Lactation Consultant For Night Shift, Joyce Fung

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Breastfeeding can provide many health benefits for both mother and baby. To increase the health benefits for patients, a change project will be implemented to increase the rates of exclusive breastfeeding for postpartum patients. The project will be focusing on teaching and be providing information on health benefits of exclusive breastfeeding. Our project is aiming to increase the rates of exclusive breastfeeding by providing lactation consultants during night shift.

Surveys and interviews were conducted pre-program and found most patients are unaware of the health benefits of breastfeeding and the lactation consultant services provided by the hospital. The method used ...


Understanding The Blogging Practices Of Women Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization (Ivf): A Discourse Analysis Of Women’S Ivf Blogs, Elizabeth Orr, Susan M. Jack, Wendy Sword, Sandra Ireland, Lois Ostolosky 2017 McMaster University

Understanding The Blogging Practices Of Women Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization (Ivf): A Discourse Analysis Of Women’S Ivf Blogs, Elizabeth Orr, Susan M. Jack, Wendy Sword, Sandra Ireland, Lois Ostolosky

The Qualitative Report

Infertility and its associated treatments, including in vitro fertilization (IVF), can have a profound impact on the emotional health and well-being of women desiring to become mothers. Researchers have measured the impact of infertility and described the experience of infertility and its treatment, leaving the rich descriptions of the IVF experience as captured in women’s blogs to be explored. This discourse analysis describes the blogging practices of women undergoing IVF, exploring both the content and function of the IVF blog discourse. Data were collected from the text of seven women’s blogs (n=1,149 blog posts) and resulted ...


Newborn Kangaroo Care Immediately After Cesarean Birth, Sarah Abdolcader 2017 The University of San Francisco

Newborn Kangaroo Care Immediately After Cesarean Birth, Sarah Abdolcader

Master's Projects and Capstones

Newborn Kangaroo Care Immediately after Cesarean Birth

Sarah Abdolcader

Global Aim: Improve exclusive breastfeeding rates from 76% to 80% in the Perinatal Unit during the newborn’s hospital admission by February 2018.

Project Aim: Improve the percentage of mother/baby skin-to-skin (kangaroo holding) from a baseline of 55% to 65% by August 2017.

Setting: Perinatal Units

Participants: Newborns birthed via cesarean section

Evidence: According to the World Health Organization (2003), hospitals should have a goal of >80% exclusive breastfeeding rates for all newborns during their acute hospital stay and it begins with skin-to-skin contact (SSC), newborn’s bare chest placed ...


Mental Health And Substance Use Disorders And Treatment Receipt Among Pregnant Women In The United States, 2008-2014 : Trend Analysis, Likelihood Of Treatment Receipt, And Ethnic Disparities In Mental Health Treatment., Taghreed Nayel Salameh 2017 University of Louisville

Mental Health And Substance Use Disorders And Treatment Receipt Among Pregnant Women In The United States, 2008-2014 : Trend Analysis, Likelihood Of Treatment Receipt, And Ethnic Disparities In Mental Health Treatment., Taghreed Nayel Salameh

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this dissertation were to examine trends from 2008 to 2014 in mental health and substance use disorders and treatment receipt, and explore factors associated with treatment receipt in pregnant women aged 18-44 years in the United States. A systematic review showed that illicit drug use disorder increased in pregnant women over the past decade. Despite the increase in treatment admissions for these disorders from 1992 to 2012, the overall treatment admission rate for pregnant women remained relatively stable (4%). In a trend study, compared mental health and substance use disorders and treatment receipt across Matched groups of ...


A Delphi Study: Guidelines For Researchers Working With Teenage Mothers, Alison M. Chamberlain 2017 The University of Texas at Tyler

A Delphi Study: Guidelines For Researchers Working With Teenage Mothers, Alison M. Chamberlain

Nursing Theses and Dissertations

Problem: It is difficult to get teenage mothers to participate in studies, yet some researchers have been successful. Researchers who understand the barriers to conducting studies with a vulnerable population and are guided in ways to overcome these barriers, will experience greater success when doing studies with this group. Improved study methods can lead to larger numbers of teenage mothers who participate in studies. Researchers who follow developmentally appropriate guidelines are more likely to conduct and replicate studies with this population. Access is essential to advance the science related to care for teenage mothers who are at risk for many ...


An Examination Of The Moderating Effect Of Proactive Coping In Nicu Nurses, Britan M. Moore 2017 Loma Linda University

An Examination Of The Moderating Effect Of Proactive Coping In Nicu Nurses, Britan M. Moore

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

The NICU environment is unique in that the patient population consists of critically ill neonates. Research has revealed that there are increased levels of depression, secondary traumatic stress, and burnout in nurses. Problem solving and support seeking coping strategies have been shown to be associated with lower levels of burnout and increased patient and job satisfaction in general staff nurses. Multiple linear regression and a hierarchical stepwise technique was used to conduct moderator analyses assessing whether the use of problem solving or support seeking strategies moderated the relationship between secondary traumatic stress levels and burnout as well as between depressive ...


Predictors Of Postpartum Depression Among Women In Karachi, Pakistan, Vimla Gill John 2017 Loma Linda University

Predictors Of Postpartum Depression Among Women In Karachi, Pakistan, Vimla Gill John

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Pakistan has the highest prevalence of postpartum depression (PPD) among Asian countries. The purpose of this quantitative, cross-sectional study was to determine the predictors of PPD among women in Karachi, Pakistan. The Transactional Model of Stress and Coping was used as a framework. A purposive convenience sample of 234 postpartum women was taken from out-patient departments of a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. A survey in English and Urdu containing the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), DUREL Religion Index Subscale three, Cohen’s 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Abuse Assessment Screen, Traditional ...


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