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Maternal, Child Health and Neonatal Nursing Commons

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Effectiveness Of School-Based Interventions Versus Family-Based Interventions In The Prevention And Treatment Of Childhood Obesity, Ashley Capestrain, Emily Montague, Meghan Frantz 2017 The University of Akron

Effectiveness Of School-Based Interventions Versus Family-Based Interventions In The Prevention And Treatment Of Childhood Obesity, Ashley Capestrain, Emily Montague, Meghan Frantz

Honors Research Projects

Childhood obesity affects 155 million children worldwide. As prevalence increases, it is important to identify effective interventions in the treatment and prevention of childhood obesity. Obesity may result in short and long term effects linked to some of the leading causes of morbidity and early mortality. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, review, and critically appraise evidence from studies examining the effect of family and school based interventions. This review answers the following PICO question: In children, how do family based interventions compare to school based interventions, in the prevention and treatment of obesity? Methods included literature ...


Effects Of Kangaroo Care On Procedural Pain In Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review, Alyssa M. Pagni, Sophia Kellar, Mary Rood 2017 The University of Akron

Effects Of Kangaroo Care On Procedural Pain In Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review, Alyssa M. Pagni, Sophia Kellar, Mary Rood

Honors Research Projects

Approximately 64,000 preterm infants are born annually in the United States. With preterm infants enduring between 10-16 painful procedures daily, it is important for nurses to use interventions that effectively decrease pain. Procedural pain in premature infants may result in short-term and long-term negative physical, cognitive, and emotional effects. Kangaroo care is the act of holding an infant making skin on skin contact. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, review, and critically appraise the evidence from studies examining the effect of Kangaroo Care on procedural pain in premature infants. Literature was searched in university databases and ...


Impacts Of Birth Plans On Maternal Satisfaction A Literature Review And Focus Group Study, Kaylyn Brooks 2017 James Madison University

Impacts Of Birth Plans On Maternal Satisfaction A Literature Review And Focus Group Study, Kaylyn Brooks

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current

Purpose: The purpose of this research paper is to investigate existing research for the relationship between birth plans and maternal satisfaction of the labor and birth experience.

Design: The research found and utilized in this paper is formulated into a literature review format and includes research obtained from a focus group of midwives.

Population/Sample: The population of the research obtain for this literature review consisted of pregnant women (at various stages of their pregnancy, labor, and birth) and post-partum women whom had prepared written birth plans.

Variables Studied: Maternal satisfaction of expectant mothers with their personal labor and birth ...


Interventions To Reduce The Effects Of Nicu Noise In Preterm Neonates, Rebecca L. Manske 2017 University of Central Florida

Interventions To Reduce The Effects Of Nicu Noise In Preterm Neonates, Rebecca L. Manske

Honors in the Major Theses

Exposure to excessive noise during a neonates stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can create both immediate and long term health problems such as, hearing loss, neurological deficits, and sleep pattern disturbances. The use of earmuffs or earplugs to decrease the neonate’s exposure to noise can create a more stable environment to facilitate improved growth and development. The purpose of this research was to examine the use of earmuffs or earplugs to reduce the impact of noise on neonates. A systematic review of literature was conducted using online databases including CINAHL, ERIC, Ebsco Host, Medline, and PsychINFO ...


An Evaluation Of An Innovative Weight Management Program In A Primary Care Setting, Susan Peak 2017 University of Kentucky

An Evaluation Of An Innovative Weight Management Program In A Primary Care Setting, Susan Peak

DNP Projects

Background- Kentucky ranks third in the nation for childhood overweight and obesity. . Consumption of high dietary fat, excessive use of electronics, low levels of physical activity and consumption of sugar filled drinks are modifiable behaviors believed to be the biggest culprits behind these statistics.

Purpose- The purpose of this evaluation was to assess the implementation of the 5-2-1-0 plan in the management of childhood overweight or obesity within an urban primary care clinic.

Methods- After initiation of the program by the clinic focused interviews with the primary care providers were conducted to evaluate barriers and benefits to using the program ...


The Effect Of A Parent Empowerment Program On Length Of Stay And Parental Stress In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Holly Nieves 2017 University of Kentucky

The Effect Of A Parent Empowerment Program On Length Of Stay And Parental Stress In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Holly Nieves

DNP Projects

PURPOSE: Research surrounding topics in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit have long been focused on mortality and morbidity of this population. However, consideration of the parent-infant relationship and subsequently adverse outcomes that could be formed during the intensive care stay should be examined. Parent empowerment programs in the NICU have been shown to decrease length of stay, parental stress, and depression. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of the COPE for HOPE parent empowerment program on length of stay, parental stress, maternal depression, and parent satisfaction in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit with parents of infants ...


Evaluation Of Kentucky Nurses' Knowledge And Self-Efficacy Related To Safe Sleep And Sudden Unexpected Infant Death Risk-Reduction Strategies, Lisa McGee 2017 University of Kentucky

Evaluation Of Kentucky Nurses' Knowledge And Self-Efficacy Related To Safe Sleep And Sudden Unexpected Infant Death Risk-Reduction Strategies, Lisa Mcgee

DNP Projects

Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID) claims the lives of about 3700 infants in the United States each year (CDC, 2015). It is the second leading cause of infant death in Kentucky (KDPH,2015) where it has a rate almost three times that of the nation. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has made recommendations to decrease the risk of SUID and indicates hospital professionals, including nurses, have a responsibility to educate and model safe sleep strategies for parents. An evaluation of the knowledge and self-efficacy about safe sleep and SUID risk-reduction strategies of neonatal and perinatal nurses in Kentucky birthing ...


The Impacts Of Preconception Nutrition On Pregnancy: An Educational Module Promoting Preconception Care, Alexa R. Holleran 2017 University of Vermont

The Impacts Of Preconception Nutrition On Pregnancy: An Educational Module Promoting Preconception Care, Alexa R. Holleran

College of Nursing and Health Sciences Nursing Master Project Publications

Recent research has shown that maternal overweight and obesity (OW/OB) prior to conception are directly and independently associated with negative outcomes in pregnancy, birth, infancy, childhood, and beyond. The purpose of this project was to create and evaluate educational materials for providers who work with women of childbearing age, in order to encourage and facilitate conversations about the importance of preconception nutrition in family planning. A literature review was conducted, and from it two documents were created: 1) an educational module for providers offering background information, relevant research, and tips for discussing the matter with patients; and 2) an ...


A Systematic Review Comparing Ephedrine Versus Phenylephrine During Spinal Anesthesia For Cesarean Delivery, Shelby Sullivan 2017 Rhode Island College

A Systematic Review Comparing Ephedrine Versus Phenylephrine During Spinal Anesthesia For Cesarean Delivery, Shelby Sullivan

Master's Theses, Dissertations, Graduate Research and Major Papers Overview

This systematic review compared the efficacy and safety of ephedrine with phenylephrine for the treatment of hypotension during spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery. Hypotension during cesarean section delivery can have detrimental effects on both the mother and the neonate. Some vasoactive medications such as ephedrine and phenylephrine have been found to be detrimental to the neonate and divert fetal blood flow. After a systematic search of the electronic database PubMed, the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) flowchart was used to identify appropriate research. Studies were illustrated in a table to identify key variables and were then ...


Exploring Barriers And Consequences Related To Nurses Reporting Child Abuse, Asmita Devkota 2017 University of Central Florida

Exploring Barriers And Consequences Related To Nurses Reporting Child Abuse, Asmita Devkota

Honors in the Major Theses

Background: Child abuse is a pervasive and serious problem in the United States. Over 3 million children are the victims of some kind of physical assault by adults. Due to their prolonged contact with children and opportunity to report, nurses should be trained to accurately assess, identify, and manage cases of child abuse. The purpose of this study was to examine student’s experiences with Child Protective Services, and explore their confidence and attitudes related to identifying and reporting child abuse. Factors associated with non-reporting were identified.

Methodology: This was an exploratory, descriptive study. Students enrolled in the online Nursing ...


Goals Of Exclusive Breastfeeding And The Effectiveness Of Programs And Initiatives In Attaining Them, Natalie Scott 2017 Liberty University

Goals Of Exclusive Breastfeeding And The Effectiveness Of Programs And Initiatives In Attaining Them, Natalie Scott

Senior Honors Theses

Over recent years, breastfeeding has gained renewed significance in research and practice. Both in the United States and around the world, especially in poor countries that do not have easy access to quality healthcare, breastfeeding has been shown to dramatically and positively affect the health and lifespan of infants. However, there is still a low prevalence of effective breastfeeding practices universally. Even with the presence of global programs and goals that are geared toward exclusive breastfeeding habits, global rates are lower than what is desired. There are various determinants of breastfeeding that factor into a woman’s decision and practice ...


Associations Between Pre-Pregnancy Weight Status And/Or Gestational Weight Gain And Obesity In Older Children, Marisa P. Hammond 2017 University of Central Florida

Associations Between Pre-Pregnancy Weight Status And/Or Gestational Weight Gain And Obesity In Older Children, Marisa P. Hammond

Honors in the Major Theses

Childhood obesity is a global health concern that puts children at risk for developing serious health complications. With increasing rates worldwide, it is important to determine how to decrease its prevalence and promote prevention in future generations. Emerging evidence indicating that pre-pregnancy weight status and/or gestational weight gain (GWG) may be linked with overweight/obesity in children. Much of this body of research focused on weight status of offspring at birth and at preschool age. The purpose of this study is to: (1) analyze the research findings regarding obesity in children 5 to 18 years and their mother’s ...


N5330 Rossfinal Poster.Pdf, Juli Ross 2016 Otterbein University

N5330 Rossfinal Poster.Pdf, Juli Ross

Juli Ross

No abstract provided.


Lactation Clinic: Improving Patient Lactation Support, Iana Johnson 2016 University of San Francisco

Lactation Clinic: Improving Patient Lactation Support, Iana Johnson

Master's Projects and Capstones

Despite the numerous health benefits and recommendations that breastfeeding is the optimal method for nourishing infants, many still choose other ways to feed their babies during the first year of life. This project considers the initiation and future implementation of a Lactation Clinic as an additional patient support service provided in the inpatient and outpatient settings. A Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) was conducted in an effort to evaluate and eliminate “what could go wrong” before such an establishment becomes operational. The Risk Priority Numbers (RPNs) from the analysis reveal the lack of use (RPN 50) and streamlining (RPN ...


The Use Of Electroacupuncture For Cervical Ripening In Pregnant Women, Becky A. Nauta 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Use Of Electroacupuncture For Cervical Ripening In Pregnant Women, Becky A. Nauta

Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to compare cervical ripening outcomes, based on Bishop scoring methodology, of pregnant women receiving usual care treatment (UC) with those receiving electroacupuncture plus UC. A sample of 36 pregnant women completing their 39th week of gestation was randomized into one of the two groups. The women in the UC group continued to meet with their provider on a weekly basis until delivery. The women in the electroacupuncture plus usual care group met with their provider on a weekly basis and also received electroacupuncture treatments: three in the 39th gestational week and two in ...


Birthing Center Versus Hospitalized Birth, Nicolette Larsen 2016 Illinois Wesleyan University

Birthing Center Versus Hospitalized Birth, Nicolette Larsen

CrissCross

There are many risks and benefits of giving birth at a birthing center versus a hospital. Determining the location of birth is an important decision, as women in the world today have many options of where to have their child. Hospitals and birthing centers are two places where medical professionals provide prenatal, labor and delivery, and postpartum care for the mother and fetus during this memorable time. While hospital nurses and physicians provide advanced medical care, birthing centers focus on holistic care of the family unit emphasizing mental, spiritual, and physical health. Doctors often perform cesarean sections (C-sections) for non-medical ...


Reducing Annual Emergency Department Visits Through Improved Asthma Discharge Teaching, Alvin R. Walters 2016 University of San Francisco

Reducing Annual Emergency Department Visits Through Improved Asthma Discharge Teaching, Alvin R. Walters

Master's Projects and Capstones

Asthma is the most common pediatric condition in the United States, and a child's home environment plays an impactful role in the triggering of asthma exacerbations (Harper et al., 2015). Current emergency department (ED) ideology focuses on symptoms management, with little time spent on education, and virtually no attention paid to the home environment. Evidence shows that programs which incorporate home environmental assessments into asthma patient education produce a reduction in annual ED visits, fewer missed school days, decreased use of rescue medications, and improvements in quality of life (Gruber K.J., et al, 2016, Hollenbach J.P. & Cloutier ...


An Examination Into The Relationship Between Iron Deficiency And Postpartum Depression, Sara A. Burroughs 2016 Liberty University

An Examination Into The Relationship Between Iron Deficiency And Postpartum Depression, Sara A. Burroughs

Senior Honors Theses

Postpartum depression is recognized as the most common complication of childbearing; however, its etiology remains fairly undetermined. Many different influences have been hypothesized as to what may cause postpartum depression, including changes in levels of various hormones (such as estrogen and progesterone), a decrease in serotonin, low levels of vitamin D, social factors, and iron deficiency. The lack of strong evidence for one specific cause makes it fairly clear that there are many factors that play a role in the development of postpartum depression. Iron deficiency is one issue that is thought to contribute to the development of postpartum depression ...


Socio-Demographics And Exclusive Breastfeeding In The Medicaid/Women Infant And Children (Wic) Population In Spartanburg County, April D. Miller 2016 Gardner-Webb University

Socio-Demographics And Exclusive Breastfeeding In The Medicaid/Women Infant And Children (Wic) Population In Spartanburg County, April D. Miller

Nursing Theses and Capstone Projects

Breast milk is recognized as the optimal source of nutrition for infants because of its unique nutritional and immunological characteristics. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of an infant’s life. "Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF)" is defined as no other food or drink except breast milk for the first six months of life. Despite its countless benefits to children and mothers, the continuation rates of exclusive breastfeeding are low in the United States, especially in the Medicaid/Women Infant and Children population. It is vital to understand how multiple factors affect breastfeeding practices in ...


Parturient Safety: Proper Positioning Education Prior To Neuraxial Anesthesia, Christina Joy Young 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Parturient Safety: Proper Positioning Education Prior To Neuraxial Anesthesia, Christina Joy Young

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

In the United States, 61% of parturient patients elect neuraxial anesthesia for labor pain (Koyyalamudi et al., 2016). The incidence of postdural puncture headache is estimated up to 81% following accidental dural puncture-especially in pregnant women receiving elective epidurals (Ragab & Facharzt, 2014). Although the combined rates of complications for spinal and epidural anesthesia are low (2.78%) (American Society Anesthesiologists, 2014), patient safety is extremely important and should be addressed by the overall healthcare system. The purpose of this project assessed a willingness to change which focused on the CRNAs incorporation of proper positioning education prior to neuraxial anesthesia into ...


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