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Maternal, Child Health and Neonatal Nursing Commons

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Antibiotic Prescribing For Treatment Of Acute Pediatric Illnesses By Advanced Practice Nurses, Deborah J. Whitehurst 2018 University of Kentucky

Antibiotic Prescribing For Treatment Of Acute Pediatric Illnesses By Advanced Practice Nurses, Deborah J. Whitehurst

DNP Projects

Antibiotic over-prescribing by physicians for the treatment of acute respiratory tract illnesses have been examined in a variety of settings. Different studies have examined nurse practitioner (NP) prescribing practices both in the United States and various international settings. There have been limited studies specifically examining antibiotic prescribing practices in the pediatric population. However, no studies were found which compared population specific NP groups. The purpose of this study was to understand differences in antibiotic prescribing practices among advanced practice pediatric providers.

The goal of this project was to describe and compare antibiotic prescribing practices of pediatric nurse practitioners (PNP) and ...


Implementation Of Donor Human Milk In A Newborn Nursery: A Quality Improvement Initiative To Increase Exclusive Breast Milk Feeding, Emily Bombard 2018 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Implementation Of Donor Human Milk In A Newborn Nursery: A Quality Improvement Initiative To Increase Exclusive Breast Milk Feeding, Emily Bombard

DNP Scholarly Projects

Background: At the site of this quality improvement project, exclusive breast milk feeding rates before discharge from a newborn nursery were behind benchmark goals. The aim of this project was to improve exclusive breast milk feeding rates by implementing a Pasteurized Donor Human Milk (PDHM) Program for breastfeeding newborns requiring medically indicated supplementation. The study site was a Level I newborn nursery of a 20-bed, labor, delivery, recovery, and postpartum unit within a 100-bed community hospital (i.e., the agency).

Methods: This retrospective pre-post cohort study used the Plan, Do, Study, Act (PDSA) framework for rapid cycle change to assess ...


The Lived Experience And Factors Affecting Disclosure Of Pregnant Victims Of Domestic Violence, Pedro Vargas Ortiz 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

The Lived Experience And Factors Affecting Disclosure Of Pregnant Victims Of Domestic Violence, Pedro Vargas Ortiz

Doctoral Dissertations

Domestic violence is defined as a pattern of assaultive and coercive behaviors that includes the threat or infliction of physical, sexual, or psychological abuse that is used by perpetrators for the purpose of intimidation and control over the victim. The lived experience and meaning of domestic violence in Puerto Rican pregnant women has not been well researched. This study described pregnant women’s lived experience of domestic violence and examined the factors influencing the process of disclosure of domestic violence among pregnant women in the southern region of Puerto Rico. A phenomenological method was used where women who have experienced ...


Development Of A Nurse Practitioner Newborn Hospitalist Service, Kristi Gordon, Elizabeth Simpson, Sarah Forge, Eileen Almon 2018 Children's Mercy Hospital

Development Of A Nurse Practitioner Newborn Hospitalist Service, Kristi Gordon, Elizabeth Simpson, Sarah Forge, Eileen Almon

Posters

Background/Problem

•In 2012, our hospital expanded obstetrical services resulting in the delivery over 3700 infants per year.
•Approximately 35% of these infants had no relationship to a primary care physician with privileges at our hospital.
•These infants were either uninsured, Medicaid insured or privately insured but whose primary care physician did not have hospital privileges.
•Private Pediatricians “on call” were given these unassigned infants and were attempting to evaluate infants in the mornings, prior to seeing their scheduled office patients
•This resulted in an unmanageable daily census for them.
•This led to Pediatrician dissatisfaction, delayed medical evaluations of some ...


Redirecting Care, Directing Support: End Of Life Huddles In The Intensive Care Nursery, Tiffany Willis, Sandra Ganey 2018 Children's Mercy Hospital

Redirecting Care, Directing Support: End Of Life Huddles In The Intensive Care Nursery, Tiffany Willis, Sandra Ganey

Posters

No abstract provided.


A Program To Prepare Frontline Nurse Leaders For Peer Review, Suzanne K. Murdock 2018 University of New Hampshire, Durham

A Program To Prepare Frontline Nurse Leaders For Peer Review, Suzanne K. Murdock

DNP Scholarly Projects

Introduction: The purpose of nursing peer review is to assess the quality of nursing care against established standards, identify strengths and weaknesses in practice, and identify knowledge gaps. Studies of nurse peer review predominantly focuse on staff nurse attitudes and knowledge after an educational intervention and barriers to implementation. Frontline nurse leaders (FLNL) can influence adoption of new practices such as peer review.

Purpose: The purpose of this project was to engage frontline nurse leaders in a role specific peer review program, preparing them to support their staff in the implementation of peer review in the future and providing an ...


Evaluation Of A Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Training Program On Correct Use Of The Finnegan Scoring Tool And Nurse Confidence, Angela Clark 2018 Eastern Kentucky University

Evaluation Of A Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Training Program On Correct Use Of The Finnegan Scoring Tool And Nurse Confidence, Angela Clark

Doctor of Nursing Practice Capstone Projects

Maternal substance abuse during pregnancy is a growing perinatal problem. Drug-exposed infants are at risk of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) as a result of withdrawal symptoms. The Finnegan Scoring Tool (FST) can be used to identify infants showing withdrawal symptoms but must be used correctly. Educational programs that demonstrate correct use of the FST have been shown to improve accuracy and nurse confidence. A voluntary, convenience sample of nurses from three units participated in a project to evaluate the impact of a NAS training program on correct use of the FST and nurse confidence. Using a pre/post-test design, participants ...


The Role Of Exercise For Postpartum Depression And Well-Being, Maria Gaz 2018 Minnesota State University, Mankato

The Role Of Exercise For Postpartum Depression And Well-Being, Maria Gaz

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

Postpartum depression is a prevalent condition (American Psychological Association, 2018). Untreated postpartum depression can have serious consequences for the mother and baby (McCurdy, Boule, Sivak, & Davenport, 2017). Traditional treatment options may not be feasible. Exercise is an effective treatment for adults with depression (McCurdy et al., 2017). Less is known about treating postpartum depression with exercise. This review of the literature sought to understand in postpartum mothers, how a regimen of regular exercise, compared to no regular exercise, impacted the perception of wellbeing and/or postpartum depression scores. The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) Plus with ...


Anxiety Reduction In Pregnancy Subsequent To Perinatal Loss, Jessica Lemker 2018 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Anxiety Reduction In Pregnancy Subsequent To Perinatal Loss, Jessica Lemker

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

Anxiety is common in pregnancies that occur after a miscarriage or perinatal loss and can lead to detrimental effects on the mother and fetus. The objective of this literature review is to examine whether caring-based nursing actions and anxiety-reducing interventions decrease the self-report of anxiety more than self-management alone. A literature search of four journal databases was conducted using related keywords which produced 429 studies for consideration. A total of 57 studies were reviewed for a match with the inclusion criteria. Nine studies were included in the review provided knowledge of anxiety in pregnancy after loss, discussed anxiety self-management techniques ...


Intimate Partner Violence And Its Impact On Pregnant Women And Their Infants: A Systematic Review, Rachel Ashley, Emily Pagni, Alissarh Choujaa 2018 The University of Akron

Intimate Partner Violence And Its Impact On Pregnant Women And Their Infants: A Systematic Review, Rachel Ashley, Emily Pagni, Alissarh Choujaa

Honors Research Projects

Abstract

In the United States, about 324,000 pregnant women are victims of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) annually. IPV is any type of physical, sexual, or emotional abuse of women or men in family units. IPV has detrimental effects on pregnant women and their babies, from their physical health to their mental health. It is important for nurses and other healthcare providers to have knowledge and understanding about IPV in this population and to use effective interventions and screening procedures. The purpose of this systematic review is to review and critically analyze evidence about IPV in pregnant women. The literature ...


The Effect Of Lactation Consultation On The Duration Of Breastfeeding In New Mothers: A Systematic Review, Jillian Leiter, Jennifer Naegeli, Lilyana Walkley 2018 The University of Akron

The Effect Of Lactation Consultation On The Duration Of Breastfeeding In New Mothers: A Systematic Review, Jillian Leiter, Jennifer Naegeli, Lilyana Walkley

Honors Research Projects

In the United States, 3.978 million babies were born in the year 2015 (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 2016). Statistics show that less than 25% of newborns in the United States are breastfed for half of the recommended time by The American Academy of Pediatrics. There are many benefits to breastfeeding, but babies are not receiving these benefits. This systematic review identifies, reviews, and critically appraises the evidence regarding the effect of lactation consultation on duration of breastfeeding in new mothers. Literature was retrieved from CINAHL and Google Scholar. Each study was vetted based on criteria to ...


The Effect Of Breastfeeding And Rooming-In Care On Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Rachel Boyer, Lindsay Gal, Mahaylie Cline 2018 The University of Akron

The Effect Of Breastfeeding And Rooming-In Care On Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Rachel Boyer, Lindsay Gal, Mahaylie Cline

Honors Research Projects

Concurrent with a rise in opioid abuse during pregnancy is an increase in the number of babies born with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS). Despite this crisis, no single treatment has been identified for NAS. This paper sought to analyze and synthesize research evaluating the effectiveness of breastfeeding and rooming-in care on the need and length of pharmacologic treatment and length of hospital stay for neonates with NAS. Twenty-six peer reviewed research articles published between 2006 and 2017 were selected from PubMed and CINAHL for analysis. The studies focused on neonates with NAS born to mothers addicted to opioids or undergoing ...


Pregnancy Loss In The Emergency Department, Gudrun ReiterHiltebrand 2017 The University of San Francisco

Pregnancy Loss In The Emergency Department, Gudrun Reiterhiltebrand

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

The aim of this project is to improve the care for patients experiencing pregnancy loss in the emergency department (ED). Objectives are to enhance understanding of staff about the patients’ experience and their knowledge on how to best care for emotional needs, thus improving quality of patient care, work satisfaction, knowledge, confidence and comfort levels, while decreasing experienced stress. The project was implemented in a midsized community hospital with 117 beds, which discharged 74 patients with “interrupted pregnancies” over the previous year from the ED. The project was directed toward nurses, doctors, care partners, chaplains, and social workers. The ...


Coping With Labor Education For Nurses, Donna Vo 2017 The University of San Francisco

Coping With Labor Education For Nurses, Donna Vo

Master's Projects and Capstones

The “Coping With Labor Education for Nurses” education plan is substantiated by data from the California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative (CMQCC) vaginal birth initiative toolkit and other research. Evidence-based data from multiple sources indicates that improving how labor support is offered at the bedside for the laboring patient can potentially decrease cesarean rates, reduce expenses, and increase savings. The objectives of this plan are to improve patient advocacy and the level of labor support interventions labor and delivery nurses will provide for patients to improve patient satisfaction score above 80%, decrease or maintain cesarean rates below 24.9%, and improve ...


Reducing Intraventricuar Hemorrhage, Nakia Green 2017 The University of San Francisco

Reducing Intraventricuar Hemorrhage, Nakia Green

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Global Aim:

Between September 2017 and September 2018 we aim to reduce the rate of grade III and grade IV intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in infants less than or equal to 32 weeks gestation, or less than or equal to 1500 grams from 11% to 5%.

Project Aim:

Develop a best practice bundle for the Prevention of Intraventricular Hemorrhage with implementation of best practice of midline head positioning for infants less than or equal to 32 weeks gestation or less than or equal to 1500 grams by October 2017.

Setting:

Level III, 64 bed Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Quality Gap ...


Maternal Life Course Adversity: The Intersection Of Psychosocial And Biobehavioral Adaptive Response In Pregnancy, Crystal Modde Epstein 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Maternal Life Course Adversity: The Intersection Of Psychosocial And Biobehavioral Adaptive Response In Pregnancy, Crystal Modde Epstein

Theses & Dissertations

The link between life course adversity and adverse health outcomes is well established, particularly early life adversity (ELA). There is also evidence that the physiologic adaptations associated with stress, depression and ELA can be transmitted intergenerationally via long-term set-point changes within the maternal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA). It is unknown how the type and timing of maternal stress and adversity influences HPA regulation during pregnancy and whether maternal coping attenuates this relationship. Manuscript 1 was an integrative review of studies examining the association between maternal ELA and HPA regulation during pregnancy. In manuscripts 2 and 3 the findings of the dissertation ...


Prenatal Opioid Exposure And Intermittent Hypoxemia In Preterm Infants: A Retrospective Assessment, Elie G. Abu Jawdeh, Philip M. Westgate, Amrita Pant, Audra L. Stacy, Divya Mamilla, Aayush Gabrani, Abhijit R. Patwardhan, Henrietta S. Bada, Peter J. Giannone 2017 University of Kentucky

Prenatal Opioid Exposure And Intermittent Hypoxemia In Preterm Infants: A Retrospective Assessment, Elie G. Abu Jawdeh, Philip M. Westgate, Amrita Pant, Audra L. Stacy, Divya Mamilla, Aayush Gabrani, Abhijit R. Patwardhan, Henrietta S. Bada, Peter J. Giannone

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Introduction: Intermittent hypoxemia (IH) is defined as episodic drops in oxygen saturation (SpO2). Preterm infants are at increased risk for IH due to their immature respiratory control/apnea of prematurity. The clinical relevance of IH is a relatively new observation with rising evidence linking IH to neonatal morbidities and long-term impairment. Hence, assessing factors that influence IH in preterm infants is imperative. Given the epidemic of opioid misuse in the USA, there is an urgent need to understand the impact of prenatal opioid exposure on neonatal outcomes. Hence, we wanted to assess the relationship between isolated prenatal opioid exposure ...


Discharge Readiness For Families With A Premature Infant Living In Appalachia, Kathy Zimmerman 2017 East Tennessee State University

Discharge Readiness For Families With A Premature Infant Living In Appalachia, Kathy Zimmerman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With increased advances in technology, the overall survival rates in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) for premature infants at lower gestational ages, has also increased. Although premature infants survive at lower gestational ages, they are often discharged to home with unresolved medical issues. While the birth of a new baby for parents is a joyous occasion, they often have difficulty coping and transitioning into a parental role. Premature infants also have ongoing complications such as difficulty with feeding, developmental delays in growth, and long-term eye and respiratory complications. As a result of chronic health sequelae, premature infants require extensive ...


Utilization Of Care By Infants With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In Delaware, Michele K. Savin, DNP, APRN, NNP-BC 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Utilization Of Care By Infants With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In Delaware, Michele K. Savin, Dnp, Aprn, Nnp-Bc

College of Nursing Posters

Introduction: There is little information regarding use of expected well care by infants diagnosed with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) post initial discharge. We describe expected and unexpected utilization of care by infants with NAS in the first year of life.

Methods: A de-identified State of Delaware Medicaid data set was obtained. Included were all infants with an ICD-9 code for NAS from 01/01/2012-12/31/2014. All associated medical claims were extracted for one year after birth. Utilization rates of primary care, immunizations, urgent or emergency care, and re-hospitalization were quantified.

Results: 499 of 522 babies were able to ...


Influence Of Social And Economic Factors On Elementary Student Health In Northwest Arkansas, Megan Marks 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Influence Of Social And Economic Factors On Elementary Student Health In Northwest Arkansas, Megan Marks

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

A child’s wellbeing is influenced by many factors related to the environment they are raised in. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between a child’s social and economic factors and his or her health. A convenience sample of 588 2nd and 4th grade children was taken from three elementary schools in Springdale Independent School District. Health status was represented by calculations of each child’s body mass index (BMI) and number of days counted absent from school. Socioeconomic and demographic factors examined include the child’s grade level, gender, ethnicity, number of parents over ...


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