Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Maternal, Child Health and Neonatal Nursing Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

569 Full-Text Articles 843 Authors 267,183 Downloads 98 Institutions

All Articles in Maternal, Child Health and Neonatal Nursing

Faceted Search

569 full-text articles. Page 4 of 22.

Reducing Intraventricuar Hemorrhage, Nakia Green 2017 The University of San Francisco

Reducing Intraventricuar Hemorrhage, Nakia Green

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Global Aim:

Between September 2017 and September 2018 we aim to reduce the rate of grade III and grade IV intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in infants less than or equal to 32 weeks gestation, or less than or equal to 1500 grams from 11% to 5%.

Project Aim:

Develop a best practice bundle for the Prevention of Intraventricular Hemorrhage with implementation of best practice of midline head positioning for infants less than or equal to 32 weeks gestation or less than or equal to 1500 grams by October 2017.

Setting:

Level III, 64 bed Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Quality Gap ...


Prenatal Opioid Exposure And Intermittent Hypoxemia In Preterm Infants: A Retrospective Assessment, Elie G. Abu Jawdeh, Philip M. Westgate, Amrita Pant, Audra L. Stacy, Divya Mamilla, Aayush Gabrani, Abhijit R. Patwardhan, Henrietta S. Bada, Peter J. Giannone 2017 University of Kentucky

Prenatal Opioid Exposure And Intermittent Hypoxemia In Preterm Infants: A Retrospective Assessment, Elie G. Abu Jawdeh, Philip M. Westgate, Amrita Pant, Audra L. Stacy, Divya Mamilla, Aayush Gabrani, Abhijit R. Patwardhan, Henrietta S. Bada, Peter J. Giannone

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Introduction: Intermittent hypoxemia (IH) is defined as episodic drops in oxygen saturation (SpO2). Preterm infants are at increased risk for IH due to their immature respiratory control/apnea of prematurity. The clinical relevance of IH is a relatively new observation with rising evidence linking IH to neonatal morbidities and long-term impairment. Hence, assessing factors that influence IH in preterm infants is imperative. Given the epidemic of opioid misuse in the USA, there is an urgent need to understand the impact of prenatal opioid exposure on neonatal outcomes. Hence, we wanted to assess the relationship between isolated prenatal opioid exposure ...


The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey 2017 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Type 1 Diabetics have various ways of managing their diabetes that have been studied for their effectiveness. Pregnancy in the Type 1 Diabetic has been understudied. It is known that Diabetics in general have poorer pregnancy outcomes because of poor glycemic control. This coupled with the fact that the body needs 3-4 times more insulin as pregnancy comes to an end makes managing blood glucose levels challenging for diabetics (Lowdermilk, 2016, p. 689). For the Type 1 Diabetic, there are two main ways to control diabetes: multiple daily injections using at least two type of insulin and continuous subcutaneous insulin ...


Discharge Readiness For Families With A Premature Infant Living In Appalachia, Kathy Zimmerman 2017 East Tennessee State University

Discharge Readiness For Families With A Premature Infant Living In Appalachia, Kathy Zimmerman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With increased advances in technology, the overall survival rates in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) for premature infants at lower gestational ages, has also increased. Although premature infants survive at lower gestational ages, they are often discharged to home with unresolved medical issues. While the birth of a new baby for parents is a joyous occasion, they often have difficulty coping and transitioning into a parental role. Premature infants also have ongoing complications such as difficulty with feeding, developmental delays in growth, and long-term eye and respiratory complications. As a result of chronic health sequelae, premature infants require extensive ...


Utilization Of Care By Infants With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In Delaware, Michele K. Savin, DNP, APRN, NNP-BC 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Utilization Of Care By Infants With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In Delaware, Michele K. Savin, Dnp, Aprn, Nnp-Bc

College of Nursing Posters

Introduction: There is little information regarding use of expected well care by infants diagnosed with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) post initial discharge. We describe expected and unexpected utilization of care by infants with NAS in the first year of life.

Methods: A de-identified State of Delaware Medicaid data set was obtained. Included were all infants with an ICD-9 code for NAS from 01/01/2012-12/31/2014. All associated medical claims were extracted for one year after birth. Utilization rates of primary care, immunizations, urgent or emergency care, and re-hospitalization were quantified.

Results: 499 of 522 babies were able to ...


Influence Of Social And Economic Factors On Elementary Student Health In Northwest Arkansas, Megan Marks 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Influence Of Social And Economic Factors On Elementary Student Health In Northwest Arkansas, Megan Marks

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

A child’s wellbeing is influenced by many factors related to the environment they are raised in. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between a child’s social and economic factors and his or her health. A convenience sample of 588 2nd and 4th grade children was taken from three elementary schools in Springdale Independent School District. Health status was represented by calculations of each child’s body mass index (BMI) and number of days counted absent from school. Socioeconomic and demographic factors examined include the child’s grade level, gender, ethnicity, number of parents over ...


Why American Parents Circumcise Their Sons: An Integrative Review Of Literature, Lacy Lauber 2017 DePaul University

Why American Parents Circumcise Their Sons: An Integrative Review Of Literature, Lacy Lauber

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Since medical evidence supports both pros and cons of routine neonatal male circumcision, expectant and new parents are left to make the decision to circumcise their sons on their own. There is limited research as to why American parents choose to circumcise their newborn sons.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to identify the reasons behind parental decision making in neonatal male circumcision in the United States. Understanding motivating factors in parental decision-making can highlight areas of prenatal education for expectant parents.

Method: An integrative literature review was conducted utilizing these online databases: PubMed, The Cumulative ...


Impact Of A Mastectomy On Female Body Image And Sexuality, Hilary Tingley 2017 DePaul University

Impact Of A Mastectomy On Female Body Image And Sexuality, Hilary Tingley

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Impact of a Mastectomy on Female Sexual Expression: An Integrative Literature Review

Hilary Tingley

Nursing Student, DePaul University, School of Nursing

Background: Women diagnosed with breast cancer are often treated with a combination of therapies, one of which may be a mastectomy. There are an increasing number of women who are undergoing preventative mastectomies, many as a result of BRCA gene testing.

Objective: The purpose of this literature review was to examine the impact of a mastectomy on female sexual expression and body image.

Method: An integrative literature review design was used with research articles pulled from search engines such ...


Major Components Of Quality Of Life In Pediatric Oncology Patients, Katelyn McCabe 2017 DePaul University

Major Components Of Quality Of Life In Pediatric Oncology Patients, Katelyn Mccabe

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

No abstract provided.


Challenges Associated With Advanced Maternal Age, Krupa Patel 2017 DePaul University

Challenges Associated With Advanced Maternal Age, Krupa Patel

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Advanced maternal age is a growing social phenomenon. The proportion of first births to women ages 35 years and over in the United States have increased. Women are prolonging childbearing to accommodate their careers. One’s socioeconomic status, culture, and a movement towards a women making herself and career a priority has contributed to the increasing number of advanced maternal age births.

Objective: The aim of this study was to gain a better understanding of the challenges associated with advanced maternal age pregnancies. This study looked into the challenges the mother faced at an older age, their reason ...


Effects Of Chronic Illness On Self-Image In Adolescents, Krista Stillson 2017 DePaul University

Effects Of Chronic Illness On Self-Image In Adolescents, Krista Stillson

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

EFFECTS OF CHRONIC ILLNESS ON SELF-IMAGE IN ADOLESCENTS:

AN INTEGRATIVE LITERATURE REVIEW

Krista Stillson

Abstract

Background: Chronic illness can pose more than just pathological effects on an individual. During the vulnerable developmental stage of adolescence, the psychological effects of disease can be equally as damaging. In adolescence, manifestations of chronic illness can cause a distorted self-image which may potentiate negative outcomes such as depression, anxiety and low self-esteem. For this reason, it is important for nurses to be aware of the broad impact that can accompany disease and use interventions to counteract such effects. Implementation of coping interventions can help ...


Plasma Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Levels In Newborn Infants With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Lochan Subedi, Hong Huang, Amrita Pant, Philip M. Westgate, Henrietta S. Bada, John A. Bauer, Peter J. Giannone, Thitinart Sithisarn 2017 University of Kentucky

Plasma Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Levels In Newborn Infants With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Lochan Subedi, Hong Huang, Amrita Pant, Philip M. Westgate, Henrietta S. Bada, John A. Bauer, Peter J. Giannone, Thitinart Sithisarn

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Background: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a type of growth factor that promotes growth and survival of neurons. Fetal exposure to opiates can lead to postnatal withdrawal syndrome, which is referred as neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Preclinical and clinical studies have shown an association between opiates exposure and alteration in BDNF expression in the brain and serum levels in adult. However, to date, there are no data available on the effects of opiate exposure on BDNF levels in infant who are exposed to opiates in utero and whether BDNF level may correlate with the severity of NAS.

Objective: To compare ...


Breast Milk Stem Cells: Current Science And Implications For Preterm Infants, Carrie-Ellen Briere, Jacqueline M. McGrath, Todd Jensen, Adam Matson, Christine Finck 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Breast Milk Stem Cells: Current Science And Implications For Preterm Infants, Carrie-Ellen Briere, Jacqueline M. Mcgrath, Todd Jensen, Adam Matson, Christine Finck

Carrie-Ellen Briere

Background: The benefits of breast milk are well described, yet the mechanistic details related to how breast milk protects against acute and chronic diseases and optimizes neurodevelopment remain largely unknown. Recently, breast milk was found to contain stem cells that are thought to be involved in infant development. Purpose: The purpose of this review was to synthesize all available research involving the characterization of breast milk stem cells to provide a basis of understanding for what is known and what still needs further exploration. Methods/Search Strategy: The literature search was conducted between August and October 2015 using the CINAHL ...


Current Practice Of Neonatal Resuscitation Documentation In North America: A Multi-Center Retrospective Chart Review, Matthew S. Braga, Prakash Kabbur, Pradeep Alur, Michael H. Goodstein, Kari D. Roberts, Katie Satrom, Sandesh Shivananda, Ipsita Goswami, Mariann Pappagallo, Carrie-Ellen Briere, Gautham Suresh 2017 Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Current Practice Of Neonatal Resuscitation Documentation In North America: A Multi-Center Retrospective Chart Review, Matthew S. Braga, Prakash Kabbur, Pradeep Alur, Michael H. Goodstein, Kari D. Roberts, Katie Satrom, Sandesh Shivananda, Ipsita Goswami, Mariann Pappagallo, Carrie-Ellen Briere, Gautham Suresh

Carrie-Ellen Briere

Background To determine the comprehensiveness of neonatal resuscitation documentation and to determine the association of various patient, provider and institutional factors with completeness of neonatal documentation. Methods Multi-center retrospective chart review of a sequential sample of very low birth weight infants born in 2013. The description of resuscitation in each infant’s record was evaluated for the presence of 29 Resuscitation Data Items and assigned a Number of items documented per record. Covariates associated with this Assessment were identified. Results Charts of 263 infants were reviewed. The mean gestational age was 28.4 weeks, and the mean birth weight 1050 ...


Caregiving Factors Affecting Breastfeeding Duration Within A Neonatal Intensive Care Unit., Sharon G. Casavant, Georgine Burke, Carrie-Ellen Briere, Jacqueline McGrath 2017 University of Connecticut School of Nursing

Caregiving Factors Affecting Breastfeeding Duration Within A Neonatal Intensive Care Unit., Sharon G. Casavant, Georgine Burke, Carrie-Ellen Briere, Jacqueline Mcgrath

Carrie-Ellen Briere

Abstract Background: Increasingly, evidence supports oral feeding of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants exclusively at breast or with breastmilk. Despite known breastmilk benefits, outcomes related to exclusive breastmilk provision are poor. Identifying factors that promote breastmilk provision is critical. Purpose: Breastfeeding practices of mothers of VLBW infants admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) were explored to identify factors associated with mode of feeding at discharge. Method: This retrospective study replicates previous work. Subjects were VLBW preterm infants consecutively admitted during a 24-month period. Primary outcomes included receiving any breastmilk at discharge. Infant variables included gestational age (GA), post-menstrual age (PMA ...


Impacting Women's And Children's Health Care Globally- A United State-Haiti Nursing Partnership., Melissa Motz, Mary Aungst, Karen Groves 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Impacting Women's And Children's Health Care Globally- A United State-Haiti Nursing Partnership., Melissa Motz, Mary Aungst, Karen Groves

Patient Care Services / Nursing

No abstract provided.


Effectiveness Of Breastfeeding Shift Champions On Exclusive Breastfeeding, Comfort Obi 2017 Georgia College

Effectiveness Of Breastfeeding Shift Champions On Exclusive Breastfeeding, Comfort Obi

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Translational and Clinical Research Projects

Purpose. This project evaluated the effect of breastfeeding support on breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding rates among postpartum mothers in immediate postpartum period. The breastfeeding support was provided by breastfeeding shift champions (BFSC) following childbirth.

Design. A convenience sample of BFSCs, aged between 18 and 44 years, was utilized.

Method. Pre-and post-intervention questionnaires were used to evaluate breastfeeding knowledge of BFSC. Breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding rates were extracted, pre- and post- intervention, from electronic medical records of newborns and their mothers.

Data analysis. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analyses. Descriptive data were displayed using frequency distributions tables. Paired ...


When The Health System Fails You: Maternal Care Under Kenya’S 2017 Nurses' Strike, Tessa Coughtrey-Davenport 2017 SIT Study Abroad

When The Health System Fails You: Maternal Care Under Kenya’S 2017 Nurses' Strike, Tessa Coughtrey-Davenport

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This study focuses on the 2017 nurses’ strike and how the crippling of the public health system impacted maternal care in Kisumu, Kenya. Kenya has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world, and there have been many efforts to reduce this, such as delivery with a Skilled Birth Attendant and attending antenatal care visits, all of which are centered around a functioning health system. The research team used a combination of interviews with key populations and analysis of service delivery data at local health centers to evaluate the effects of the strike on maternal care. The study ...


Exercise As An Intervention For Prevention Of Gestational Diabetes, Jocelyn Anderson 2017 DePaul University

Exercise As An Intervention For Prevention Of Gestational Diabetes, Jocelyn Anderson

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Perinatal Oxycodone Exposure On Behavioral Outcome In A Rodent Model, Thitinart Sithisarn, Sandra J. Legan, Philip M. Westgate, Melinda E. Wilson, Kristen Wellmann, Henrietta S. Bada, Susan Barron 2017 University of Kentucky

The Effects Of Perinatal Oxycodone Exposure On Behavioral Outcome In A Rodent Model, Thitinart Sithisarn, Sandra J. Legan, Philip M. Westgate, Melinda E. Wilson, Kristen Wellmann, Henrietta S. Bada, Susan Barron

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Opiate addiction is now a major public health problem. Perinatal insults and exposure to opiates such as morphine in utero are well known to affect development of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis of the offspring adversely and are associated with a higher risk of developing neurobehavioral problems. Oxycodone is now one of the most frequently abused pain killers during pregnancy; however, limited data are available regarding whether and how perinatal oxycodone exposure (POE) alters neurobehavioral outcomes of the offspring. We demonstrated that exposure to 0.5 mg/kg/day oxycodone in utero was associated with hyperactivity in adult rats in ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress