Health Benefits Of Breastfeeding For Infants, Leading To Developmental Differences Between Breast-Fed And Formula-Fed Infants, Heidi Holloway
This systematic literature review of health benefits of breastfeeding for infants serves to educate mothers about any potential developmental differences between breast-fed and formula-fed infants. Many factors go into a mother’s decision regarding feeding methods, but there may be gaps in knowledge that are important and significant between feeding methods. Breastfeeding vs. formula feeding has become a controversial social issue in our society. Other literature reviews as well as qualitative and quantitative studies were reviewed in order to clarify which method is better, specifically in terms of infant development and why. Analysis and review of data from these studies ...
Developing Morally Sensitive Policy In The Nicu: Donation After Circulatory Determination Of Death, 2017 University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry
Developing Morally Sensitive Policy In The Nicu: Donation After Circulatory Determination Of Death, Michael Van Manen, Nicole Kain
The Qualitative Report
Policy development is an important activity for the practice of healthcare. Policies, after all, may cultivate common practices and ensure that best available evidence is employed in clinical decision making. Qualitative research and individuals with expertise in qualitative research methods have much to offer policy makers. We were confronted with the situation of developing policy for donation after circulatory death (DCD) for our newborn intensive care program. Due the moral-ethical complexities surrounding DCD, and the limited experience with DCD in this context, we approached policy development from an iterative design perspective employing qualitative methods. We describe our experience in employing ...
Effectiveness Of School-Based Interventions Versus Family-Based Interventions In The Prevention And Treatment Of Childhood Obesity, Ashley Capestrain, Emily Montague, Meghan Frantz
Honors Research Projects
Childhood obesity affects 155 million children worldwide. As prevalence increases, it is important to identify effective interventions in the treatment and prevention of childhood obesity. Obesity may result in short and long term effects linked to some of the leading causes of morbidity and early mortality. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, review, and critically appraise evidence from studies examining the effect of family and school based interventions. This review answers the following PICO question: In children, how do family based interventions compare to school based interventions, in the prevention and treatment of obesity? Methods included literature ...
Effects Of Kangaroo Care On Procedural Pain In Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review, 2017 The University of Akron
Effects Of Kangaroo Care On Procedural Pain In Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review, Alyssa M. Pagni, Sophia Kellar, Mary Rood
Honors Research Projects
Approximately 64,000 preterm infants are born annually in the United States. With preterm infants enduring between 10-16 painful procedures daily, it is important for nurses to use interventions that effectively decrease pain. Procedural pain in premature infants may result in short-term and long-term negative physical, cognitive, and emotional effects. Kangaroo care is the act of holding an infant making skin on skin contact. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, review, and critically appraise the evidence from studies examining the effect of Kangaroo Care on procedural pain in premature infants. Literature was searched in university databases and ...
Effect Of Interventions On Infant Mortality Rates: A Systematic Review, 2017 The University of Akron
Effect Of Interventions On Infant Mortality Rates: A Systematic Review, Sophia H. Simone, Emily K. Swaim
Honors Research Projects
Infant mortality rate (IMR) is defined as the number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births. Infant mortality is the time period beginning with the infant’s first breath and continuing until the first year of life. In 2006, 6.71 infants died in The United States of America (USA) for every 1,000 live births, compared with 6.86 in 2005 and 6.89 in 2000. Although the USA IMR has fallen steadily in recent decades, the nation still ranks 27th among industrialized countries. Further, IMR disproportionately affects racial and ethnic groups in the USA. Despite research about ...
A Systematic Review: The Prenatal And Postnatal Events Associated With Infant Mortality Rate (Imr), 2017 The University of Akron
A Systematic Review: The Prenatal And Postnatal Events Associated With Infant Mortality Rate (Imr), Ariel L. Thomas, Sarah A. Awwad, Briana E. Clark
Honors Research Projects
Infant mortality rate (IMR) is an indication of overall population health, maternal and child health, accessibility and quality of primary health care, and the availability of community resources. The current IMR in the United States is high despite advances made in the medical field. The purpose of our systematic review is to describe and critically appraise research about prenatal events, postnatal events, and increased infant mortality rate and to give nursing practice recommendations to help decrease the rate. We used CINAHL, Medline and PubMed to find 20 research articles. Overall, the research stated that going to prenatal visits had a ...
Opioid Abuse In Pregnancy: A Systematic Review, 2017 The University of Akron
Opioid Abuse In Pregnancy: A Systematic Review, Emily Sebunia, Colleen Fearon
Honors Research Projects
Prenatal opioid abuse is a serious public health concern and linked with numerous health consequences for both mothers and children. Despite research describing negative outcomes of drug use during pregnancy, it is still a prevalent problem in the United States, with researchers finding that women are at highest risk for substance abuse during their reproductive years. Opioid abuse during pregnancy is common, including opioids such as hydrocodone, oxycodone, morphine, and heroin. Use of these drugs results in both short and long term side effects for the mother and child. Therefore, the prevalence of this problem should not be underestimated. It ...
Evaluation Of Kentucky Nurses' Knowledge And Self-Efficacy Related To Safe Sleep And Sudden Unexpected Infant Death Risk-Reduction Strategies, Lisa Mcgee
Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID) claims the lives of about 3700 infants in the United States each year (CDC, 2015). It is the second leading cause of infant death in Kentucky (KDPH,2015) where it has a rate almost three times that of the nation. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has made recommendations to decrease the risk of SUID and indicates hospital professionals, including nurses, have a responsibility to educate and model safe sleep strategies for parents. An evaluation of the knowledge and self-efficacy about safe sleep and SUID risk-reduction strategies of neonatal and perinatal nurses in Kentucky birthing ...
An Evaluation Of An Innovative Weight Management Program In A Primary Care Setting, 2017 University of Kentucky
An Evaluation Of An Innovative Weight Management Program In A Primary Care Setting, Susan Peak
Background- Kentucky ranks third in the nation for childhood overweight and obesity. . Consumption of high dietary fat, excessive use of electronics, low levels of physical activity and consumption of sugar filled drinks are modifiable behaviors believed to be the biggest culprits behind these statistics.
Purpose- The purpose of this evaluation was to assess the implementation of the 5-2-1-0 plan in the management of childhood overweight or obesity within an urban primary care clinic.
Methods- After initiation of the program by the clinic focused interviews with the primary care providers were conducted to evaluate barriers and benefits to using the program ...
The Effect Of A Parent Empowerment Program On Length Of Stay And Parental Stress In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, 2017 University of Kentucky
The Effect Of A Parent Empowerment Program On Length Of Stay And Parental Stress In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Holly Nieves
PURPOSE: Research surrounding topics in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit have long been focused on mortality and morbidity of this population. However, consideration of the parent-infant relationship and subsequently adverse outcomes that could be formed during the intensive care stay should be examined. Parent empowerment programs in the NICU have been shown to decrease length of stay, parental stress, and depression. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of the COPE for HOPE parent empowerment program on length of stay, parental stress, maternal depression, and parent satisfaction in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit with parents of infants ...
Factors & Risks Associated With Adolescents Late Entry Into Prenatal Care, 2017 Dominican University of California
Factors & Risks Associated With Adolescents Late Entry Into Prenatal Care, Shannon Almonia, Kimberly Damian, Giuliana Enea, Solveig Karlsen, Jessica Markham
Student Research Posters
Prenatal care is a type of preventative health care for pregnant women that is typically initiated in the first trimester. However, when prenatal care is inadequate, initiated past the first trimester or missed, the mother and fetus experience an increased risk for preterm delivery. Adolescents are apart of a specific subgroup of pregnant women that are at a higher risk for adverse outcomes during pregnancy due to knowledge deficits. Therefore, adolescents are especially likely to receive inadequate prenatal services. Numerous studies have been conducted to discover the result of inadequate prenatal care; however, not as many studies explore the factors ...
The Impacts Of Preconception Nutrition On Pregnancy: An Educational Module Promoting Preconception Care, 2017 University of Vermont
The Impacts Of Preconception Nutrition On Pregnancy: An Educational Module Promoting Preconception Care, Alexa R. Holleran
College of Nursing and Health Sciences Master Project Publications
Recent research has shown that maternal overweight and obesity (OW/OB) prior to conception are directly and independently associated with negative outcomes in pregnancy, birth, infancy, childhood, and beyond. The purpose of this project was to create and evaluate educational materials for providers who work with women of childbearing age, in order to encourage and facilitate conversations about the importance of preconception nutrition in family planning. A literature review was conducted, and from it two documents were created: 1) an educational module for providers offering background information, relevant research, and tips for discussing the matter with patients; and 2) an ...
Interventions To Reduce The Effects Of Nicu Noise In Preterm Neonates, 2017 University of Central Florida
Interventions To Reduce The Effects Of Nicu Noise In Preterm Neonates, Rebecca L. Manske
Honors in the Major Theses
Exposure to excessive noise during a neonates stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can create both immediate and long term health problems such as, hearing loss, neurological deficits, and sleep pattern disturbances. The use of earmuffs or earplugs to decrease the neonate’s exposure to noise can create a more stable environment to facilitate improved growth and development. The purpose of this research was to examine the use of earmuffs or earplugs to reduce the impact of noise on neonates. A systematic review of literature was conducted using online databases including CINAHL, ERIC, Ebsco Host, Medline, and PsychINFO ...
A Systematic Review Comparing Ephedrine Versus Phenylephrine During Spinal Anesthesia For Cesarean Delivery, 2017 Rhode Island College
A Systematic Review Comparing Ephedrine Versus Phenylephrine During Spinal Anesthesia For Cesarean Delivery, Shelby Sullivan
Master's Theses, Dissertations, Graduate Research and Major Papers Overview
This systematic review compared the efficacy and safety of ephedrine with phenylephrine for the treatment of hypotension during spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery. Hypotension during cesarean section delivery can have detrimental effects on both the mother and the neonate. Some vasoactive medications such as ephedrine and phenylephrine have been found to be detrimental to the neonate and divert fetal blood flow. After a systematic search of the electronic database PubMed, the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) flowchart was used to identify appropriate research. Studies were illustrated in a table to identify key variables and were then ...
Goals Of Exclusive Breastfeeding And The Effectiveness Of Programs And Initiatives In Attaining Them, 2017 Liberty University
Goals Of Exclusive Breastfeeding And The Effectiveness Of Programs And Initiatives In Attaining Them, Natalie Scott
Senior Honors Theses
Over recent years, breastfeeding has gained renewed significance in research and practice. Both in the United States and around the world, especially in poor countries that do not have easy access to quality healthcare, breastfeeding has been shown to dramatically and positively affect the health and lifespan of infants. However, there is still a low prevalence of effective breastfeeding practices universally. Even with the presence of global programs and goals that are geared toward exclusive breastfeeding habits, global rates are lower than what is desired. There are various determinants of breastfeeding that factor into a woman’s decision and practice ...
Impacts Of Birth Plans On Maternal Satisfaction A Literature Review And Focus Group Study, 2017 James Madison University
Impacts Of Birth Plans On Maternal Satisfaction A Literature Review And Focus Group Study, Kaylyn Brooks
Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current
Purpose: The purpose of this research paper is to investigate existing research for the relationship between birth plans and maternal satisfaction of the labor and birth experience.
Design: The research found and utilized in this paper is formulated into a literature review format and includes research obtained from a focus group of midwives.
Population/Sample: The population of the research obtain for this literature review consisted of pregnant women (at various stages of their pregnancy, labor, and birth) and post-partum women whom had prepared written birth plans.
Variables Studied: Maternal satisfaction of expectant mothers with their personal labor and birth ...
N5330 Rossfinal Poster.Pdf, 2016 Otterbein University
N5330 Rossfinal Poster.Pdf, Juli Ross
No abstract provided.
Lactation Clinic: Improving Patient Lactation Support, 2016 University of San Francisco
Lactation Clinic: Improving Patient Lactation Support, Iana Johnson
Master's Projects and Capstones
Despite the numerous health benefits and recommendations that breastfeeding is the optimal method for nourishing infants, many still choose other ways to feed their babies during the first year of life. This project considers the initiation and future implementation of a Lactation Clinic as an additional patient support service provided in the inpatient and outpatient settings. A Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) was conducted in an effort to evaluate and eliminate “what could go wrong” before such an establishment becomes operational. The Risk Priority Numbers (RPNs) from the analysis reveal the lack of use (RPN 50) and streamlining (RPN ...
The Use Of Electroacupuncture For Cervical Ripening In Pregnant Women, 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center
The Use Of Electroacupuncture For Cervical Ripening In Pregnant Women, Becky A. Nauta
Theses & Dissertations
The purpose of this study was to compare cervical ripening outcomes, based on Bishop scoring methodology, of pregnant women receiving usual care treatment (UC) with those receiving electroacupuncture plus UC. A sample of 36 pregnant women completing their 39th week of gestation was randomized into one of the two groups. The women in the UC group continued to meet with their provider on a weekly basis until delivery. The women in the electroacupuncture plus usual care group met with their provider on a weekly basis and also received electroacupuncture treatments: three in the 39th gestational week and two in ...
Birthing Center Versus Hospitalized Birth, 2016 Illinois Wesleyan University
Birthing Center Versus Hospitalized Birth, Nicolette Larsen
There are many risks and benefits of giving birth at a birthing center versus a hospital. Determining the location of birth is an important decision, as women in the world today have many options of where to have their child. Hospitals and birthing centers are two places where medical professionals provide prenatal, labor and delivery, and postpartum care for the mother and fetus during this memorable time. While hospital nurses and physicians provide advanced medical care, birthing centers focus on holistic care of the family unit emphasizing mental, spiritual, and physical health. Doctors often perform cesarean sections (C-sections) for non-medical ...