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1168 full-text articles. Page 1 of 37.

Reduced Nicotine Content Cigarettes In Smokers Of Low Socioeconomic Status: Study Protocol For A Randomized Control Trial., Nicolle M Krebs, Sophia I Allen, Susan Veldheer, Diane J Martinez, Kimberly Horn, Craig Livelsberger, Jennifer Modesto, Robin Kuprewicz, Ashley Wilhelm, Shari Hrabovsky, Abid Kazi, Alyse Fazzi, Jason Liao, Junjia Zhu, Emily Wasserman, Samantha M Reilly, Lisa Reinhart, Neil Trushin, Robinn E Moyer, Rebecca Bascom, Jonathan Foulds, John P Richie, Joshua E Muscat 2017 George Washington University

Reduced Nicotine Content Cigarettes In Smokers Of Low Socioeconomic Status: Study Protocol For A Randomized Control Trial., Nicolle M Krebs, Sophia I Allen, Susan Veldheer, Diane J Martinez, Kimberly Horn, Craig Livelsberger, Jennifer Modesto, Robin Kuprewicz, Ashley Wilhelm, Shari Hrabovsky, Abid Kazi, Alyse Fazzi, Jason Liao, Junjia Zhu, Emily Wasserman, Samantha M Reilly, Lisa Reinhart, Neil Trushin, Robinn E Moyer, Rebecca Bascom, Jonathan Foulds, John P Richie, Joshua E Muscat

Prevention and Community Health Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND:

The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act gave the Food and Drug Administration jurisdiction over the regulation of all tobacco products, including their nicotine content. Under this act, a major strategy to reduce harm from cigarette tobacco is lowering the nicotine content without causing unintended adverse consequences. Initial research on reduced nicotine content (RNC) cigarettes has shown that smokers of these cigarettes gradually decrease their smoking frequency and biomarkers of exposure. The effectiveness of this strategy needs to be demonstrated in different populations whose response to RNC cigarettes might be substantially mediated by personal or environmental factors, such ...


The Public Health Harms Of Pornography: The Brain, Erectile Dysfunction, And Sexual Violence, John D. Foubert 2017 Oklahoma State University

The Public Health Harms Of Pornography: The Brain, Erectile Dysfunction, And Sexual Violence, John D. Foubert

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Twisting Masculinity: Harms Of Pornography To Young Boys And Men, Gabe Deem 2017 Reboot Nation

Twisting Masculinity: Harms Of Pornography To Young Boys And Men, Gabe Deem

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Comparison Of Characteristics Among Korean American Male Smokers Between Survey And Cessation Studies, Sun S. Kim, Seongho Kim, Colleen E. McKay, Douglas M. Ziedonis 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Comparison Of Characteristics Among Korean American Male Smokers Between Survey And Cessation Studies, Sun S. Kim, Seongho Kim, Colleen E. Mckay, Douglas M. Ziedonis

Douglas M. Ziedonis

This study compared characteristics of Korean American men in two studies: a telephone survey with a random sample of Korean American men who reported daily smoking versus a smoking cessation clinical trial with a convenience sample of Korean American men who reported smoking at least 10 cigarettes a day. Guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), both studies attempted to explain how much its theoretical variables (attitudes, perceived social norms, and self-efficacy) would explain quit intentions in Korean American men. Participants in the cessation study were less likely to have health insurance coverage (χ2 [2, 271] = 138.31, p ...


Comparison Of Characteristics Among Korean American Male Smokers Between Survey And Cessation Studies, Sun S. Kim, Seongho Kim, Colleen E. McKay, Douglas M. Ziedonis 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Comparison Of Characteristics Among Korean American Male Smokers Between Survey And Cessation Studies, Sun S. Kim, Seongho Kim, Colleen E. Mckay, Douglas M. Ziedonis

Colleen E. McKay

This study compared characteristics of Korean American men in two studies: a telephone survey with a random sample of Korean American men who reported daily smoking versus a smoking cessation clinical trial with a convenience sample of Korean American men who reported smoking at least 10 cigarettes a day. Guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), both studies attempted to explain how much its theoretical variables (attitudes, perceived social norms, and self-efficacy) would explain quit intentions in Korean American men. Participants in the cessation study were less likely to have health insurance coverage (χ2 [2, 271] = 138.31, p ...


Prevalence Of Prescription Opioid Abuse In Patients With Pain, Samuel Godana, Ankoor Biswas, Nebiyu Biru, Abraham Getenet, Biana Leybishkis 2017 Department of Internal Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Prevalence Of Prescription Opioid Abuse In Patients With Pain, Samuel Godana, Ankoor Biswas, Nebiyu Biru, Abraham Getenet, Biana Leybishkis

Aurora Internal Medicine Residents

Background: Studies showed that 20% to 30% of opioid analgesic drugs prescribed for chronic pain in the United States are misused, while the rate of opioid addiction is approximately 10%. The study describes methods to identify high-risk behavior and forward recommendations to decrease opioid abuse. Purpose: To assess prevalence and correlate multiple variables with opioid abuse and to forward appropriate recommendation to decrease the prevalence of opioid abuse in the primary care setting. Methods: A prospective study was conducted at a primary health care clinic, Aurora Sinai Medical Center (Milwaukee, WI). Over 6 months, a total of 49 consecutive patients ...


Health Initiatives By Indigenous People In Australia, Stephanie Clark 2017 Selected Works

Health Initiatives By Indigenous People In Australia, Stephanie Clark

Stephanie Clark

No abstract provided.


A Descriptive Study Of The Elderly In California Substance Abuse Treatment Programs, David Berenschot 2017 California State University - San Bernardino

A Descriptive Study Of The Elderly In California Substance Abuse Treatment Programs, David Berenschot

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

As gerontologists may know, there are a great deal of studies and a variety of academic literature on the misuse of alcohol and prescription medication amongst the elderly population. While there is a plethora of information on alcohol and prescription misuse, there is little reported data about the prevalence of other substance misuse experienced by this population. This study aims to help to fill that gap in the data by using quantitative methods to describe the scope of substance abuse of individuals 55-years or older. This study utilizes data from the Treatment Data Set Admission (TEDS-A). The TEDS-A is a ...


Understanding The Link Between Substance Abuse And Mental Health, Crystal Ann Horton 2017 California State University - San Bernardino

Understanding The Link Between Substance Abuse And Mental Health, Crystal Ann Horton

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Treating people with co-occurring or dual diagnosis disorders requires an integrated treatment approach due to the complex health and social needs of people who suffer from mental illness and drug addiction. An integrated approach is not only necessary but crucial to treat both the drug addiction and mental illness concurrently. The aim of this study is to explore the impact that non- integrated care can have on the number of relapses that dually diagnosed people can have. The study found that there is no correlation between concurrent treatment and the number of relapses that dually diagnosed people may have. Social ...


Clinical Social Workers’ Perspectives On Illicit Drug Use And The Development Of Psychotic Disorders, Asma Naseer 2017 California State University - San Bernardino

Clinical Social Workers’ Perspectives On Illicit Drug Use And The Development Of Psychotic Disorders, Asma Naseer

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This purpose of this study was to explore social workers’ perspectives of drug-induced psychosis. More specifically, it sought to determine how knowledgeable clinical social workers are on the impact illicit drug use on the development of psychotic disorders. The study also aimed to discover clinical social workers’ perspectives regarding the influence of illicit drug use on the development of psychotic illnesses. This study used mixed methods approach in attempt to solve the research question. The quantitative portion of the research, an anonymous survey, allowed for the assessment of social workers’ knowledge of drug-induced psychosis. The qualitative portion of the research ...


Fetal And Childhood Effects Of Children Exposed To Opioids, Opioid Maintenance Therapy (Omt), And Methamphetamine In Utero, Seth Peters 2017 Rhode Island Department of Health

Fetal And Childhood Effects Of Children Exposed To Opioids, Opioid Maintenance Therapy (Omt), And Methamphetamine In Utero, Seth Peters

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

The opioid use epidemic in the U.S. is a well-known growing problem. According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, opioid use has increased nationally nearly 400% over the past 18 years1. Subsequently, Opioid Maintenance Therapy (OMT), methadone or buprenorphine, is expanding2. Additionally, methamphetamine (MA) use and abuse is a continuing problem worldwide. Rates of MA use are high In the U.S. and overseas rates are greater3. Opioid and MA use affects not only the user, but also friends, family, and the communities close to them4,5. A child exposed to opioids ...


Implementation Of Samhsa-Funded Offender Re-Entry Programs Addressing Substance Use And Co-Occurring Disorders Among Justice Involved Latino Adults, Angela Wangari Walter, Jessica Hall, Deborah Chassler, Rachel Mullins, Diliana DeJesus, Emily Stewart, Lena Lundgren 2017 University of Massachusetts Lowell

Implementation Of Samhsa-Funded Offender Re-Entry Programs Addressing Substance Use And Co-Occurring Disorders Among Justice Involved Latino Adults, Angela Wangari Walter, Jessica Hall, Deborah Chassler, Rachel Mullins, Diliana Dejesus, Emily Stewart, Lena Lundgren

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Objectives: Racial and ethnic minorities have high rates of incarceration and persons entering the criminal justice system have disproportionate rates of mental health and substance use disorders Justice involved individuals do not receive adequate treatment resulting in greater risk of recidivism and relapse. This study examines the facilitators and barriers to implementing a SAMHSA-funded Offender Re-Entry Program (ORP) to better understand the factors that influence successful implementation of integrated bilingual/bicultural treatment, recovery, and re-entry services for recently incarcerated adult Latino individuals with substance use and co-occurring behavioral health disorders.

Methods: Structured interviews were conducted with leadership, direct staff, and ...


Working With Pregnant & Postpartum Women With Opioid Use Dependence: Digital Storytelling As An Innovative Qualitative Data Collection Tool And Intervention, Alice Fiddian-Green 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Working With Pregnant & Postpartum Women With Opioid Use Dependence: Digital Storytelling As An Innovative Qualitative Data Collection Tool And Intervention, Alice Fiddian-Green

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

As part of the mini-symposium entitled "Pregnant and Parenting Mothers with History of Opiate Addiction," this presentation describes a qualitative study that will use digital storytelling with pregnant women in a medication assisted treatment (MAT) program as an intervention to promote self-efficacy as well as a patient-centered data collection tool.


Substance Use Disorder In Pregnancy: Improving Care And Reducing Risk In Franklin County With Empower, Linda Jablonski 2017 The Birthplace at Baystate Franklin Medical Center

Substance Use Disorder In Pregnancy: Improving Care And Reducing Risk In Franklin County With Empower, Linda Jablonski

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

As part of the mini-symposium entitled "Pregnant and Parenting Mothers with History of Opiate Addiction," this presentation describes Project EMPOWER, an innovative hospital-based intervention to improve management of neonatal abstinence syndrome through the use of rooming-in and access to a designated psychotherapist.


Caring For Substance Exposed Newborns, Rachana Singh 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School, Baystate Health

Caring For Substance Exposed Newborns, Rachana Singh

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

As part of the mini-symposium entitled "Pregnant and Parenting Mothers with History of Opiate Addiction," this presentation describes innovations in care for substance exposed newborns while highlighting the gaps in services antepartum and post hospital discharge.


Cohort Profile: Seek, Test, Treat And Retain United States Criminal Justice Cohort., Redonna Chandler, Michael S Gordon, Bridget Kruszka, Lauren N Strand, Frederick L Altice, Irene Kuo, +several additional authors 2017 George Washington University

Cohort Profile: Seek, Test, Treat And Retain United States Criminal Justice Cohort., Redonna Chandler, Michael S Gordon, Bridget Kruszka, Lauren N Strand, Frederick L Altice, Irene Kuo, +Several Additional Authors

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: The STTR treatment cascade provides a framework for research aimed at improving the delivery of services, care and outcomes of PLWH. The development of effective approaches to increase HIV diagnoses and engage PLWH in subsequent steps of the treatment cascade could lead to earlier and sustained ART treatment resulting in viral suppression. There is an unmet need for research applying the treatment cascade to improve outcomes for those with criminal justice involvement.

METHODS: The Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain (STTR) criminal justice (CJ) cohort combines data from 11 studies across the HIV treatment cascade that focused on persons involved ...


Prevalence Of Communication Disorders In Children With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome On School Speech-Language Pathology Caseloads: A National Survey, Brittany V. Ratliff 2017 East Tennessee State University

Prevalence Of Communication Disorders In Children With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome On School Speech-Language Pathology Caseloads: A National Survey, Brittany V. Ratliff

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

There is concern about the recently increasing number of infants born with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS), yet little is known about its long-term neurodevelopmental effects. School-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are in a unique position to comment on potential long-term consequences of NAS because their caseloads include children with a variety of communication disorders and comorbidities. School-based SLPs across the United States (N = 258) responded to a survey about the presence of children with NAS on their caseloads and their perceptions of the children’s communication disorders and comorbidities. Results revealed that children with NAS currently are being treated by SLPs ...


Opioid Use In Rhode Island - Review And Suggestions, Vanessa S. Kolb 2017 University of Rhode Island

Opioid Use In Rhode Island - Review And Suggestions, Vanessa S. Kolb

Senior Honors Projects

It is estimated that over two million Americans have an opioid-related substance abuse disorder. Nationally, 91 people die every day from an opioid overdose, and 60% of drug overdoses involve an opioid. Rhode Island has enacted some of the strictest opioid-prescribing guidelines in the country, but since 2011 the number of overdose deaths within the state that involve illicit opioids has increased by 250%. In 2015, Governor Gina Raimondo established a special task force whose goal is to reduce the number of opioid-related overdose deaths in Rhode Island by one-third by 2018.

In this project, I analyze and compare best ...


Designing An Instrument To Assess School-Based Peer-To-Peer Heroin And Opioid Prevention Program Outcomes, Rachel Stanton, Katherine Newbegin 2017 School Counseling

Designing An Instrument To Assess School-Based Peer-To-Peer Heroin And Opioid Prevention Program Outcomes, Rachel Stanton, Katherine Newbegin

Student Showcase of Excellence

This study examines the issue of adolescent heroin and opioid use in New Hampshire and reviews interventions that positively change adolescent knowledge and perception of use. Prior studies indicate that peer-to-peer storytelling formats have a positive impact on adolescent knowledge and perception of substance use. We identified the Communities for Alcohol and Drug-free Youth’s (CADY) Alex’s Story, a school-based peer-to-peer storytelling prevention program addressing adolescent heroin and opioid use. To assist CADY in analyzing the programmatic impact of “Alex’s Story” on students, we designed a survey instrument to assess students’ understanding about substance use and addiction, and ...


Youth Substance Use Prevention Program Evaluations: Partnership With A Community Non-Profit Organization, Robin Hausheer 2017 Plymouth State University

Youth Substance Use Prevention Program Evaluations: Partnership With A Community Non-Profit Organization, Robin Hausheer

Student Showcase of Excellence

Students enrolled in CO5070 Research Design in the Helping Professions worked in small groups partnering with the Communities for Alcohol and Drug-free Youth (CADY) to develop program evaluation instruments for CADY programs that address youth substance use prevention and intervention. Each student group chose a CADY program and conducted a thorough literature review of the problem the program addresses. Groups defined the specific program and provided a detailed description of program methodology. Each group developed an evaluation instrument for CADY to gather data and assess outcomes for the program. The project purpose is to 1) provide real-world experience for students ...


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