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The Effect Of The Oxytocin Hormone In Cocaine Addicted Rats Suffering From Abstinence Syndrome, Juan Padilla 2018 University High School

The Effect Of The Oxytocin Hormone In Cocaine Addicted Rats Suffering From Abstinence Syndrome, Juan Padilla

The International Student Science Fair 2018

Rehabilitation from a history of drug abuse is a very difficult and life changing process. Abstinence syndrome forces the rehabilitating patient to go through anxiety like symptoms. The Oxytocin hormone has been believed to be a potential facilitator in the rehabilitation process. This hormone is very present during interactions of affection (hugs) and birth, it foments trust while it associates to a feeling of calmness. Oxytocin would theoretically be a calming agent to the anxiety like symptoms such as craving. The experiment aimed to test the calming effects of the hormone, consisted of a five-day systemic cocaine injections treatment schedule ...


Data From: Tobacco Smoke Exposure Is An Independent Predictor Of Vitamin D Deficiency In Us Children, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Philip Kum-Nji 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Data From: Tobacco Smoke Exposure Is An Independent Predictor Of Vitamin D Deficiency In Us Children, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Philip Kum-Nji

Pediatric Research Data

Manuscript abstract:

Importance: The role of tobacco-smoke exposure on serum vitamin D concentration in US pediatric population is not known. We hypothesized that tobacco smoke exposure would increase the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in US children.

Methods: Representative national data were accessed from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2010 databank on 2,263 subjects of ages 3 to 17 years. Subjects were categorized into two groups based on their age: children, if <10 years; and youth if 10 to 17 years. Descriptive and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the effect of serum cotinine-verified tobacco smoke exposure on vitamin D status after controlling for key sociodemographic confounders. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as 25(OH)D <20 ng/mL, insufficiency as 25(OH)D of 20-29.9 ng/mL, and sufficiency as 25(OH)D of ≥30 ng/mL. Tobacco smoke exposure status was defined by serum cotinine concentration as follows: unexposed and non-smoking (<0.05 ng/mL) and exposed (passive and active smokers combined) (≥0.05ng/mL). Specifically, passive and active smoking were defined as cotinine of 0.05-10 ng/mL, and ≥10ng/mL respectively.

Results: The prevalence of second-hand smoke exposure was 42.0% (95%CI, 36.7%-47.5%); while the prevalence of active smoking among teenagers ...


The Effect Of The Oxytocin Hormone In Cocaine Addicted Rats Suffering From Abstinence Syndrome, Juan Padilla 2018 University High School

The Effect Of The Oxytocin Hormone In Cocaine Addicted Rats Suffering From Abstinence Syndrome, Juan Padilla

The International Student Science Fair 2018

This study aimed to understand the effects of oxytocin in cocaine-addicted rats to prove its ability to help recovering drug addicts overcome the extreme anxiety and craving that makes them relapse during their rehabilitation.


Just Talk About It: Using Mental Health Education To Prevent And Treat Substance Use Disorder, Susan Halpin, Carl Antisell 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Just Talk About It: Using Mental Health Education To Prevent And Treat Substance Use Disorder, Susan Halpin, Carl Antisell

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

Just Talk About It: Using Mental Health Education

to Prevent & Treat Substance Use Disorder

June 12, 2018 3PM-4PM

Carl Antisell, Speaker/Director of Strategic Communications and Information Services for Minding Your Mind

Carl Antisell from the Minding Your Mind (http://mindingyourmind.org) organization will share the story of his journey through addiction to recovery. Carl will discuss what to look for as warning signs of potential mental health issues such as stress, anxiety, depression and crisis. Learn to look beyond the stigma associated with mental health, and use strategies with students, friends and family to address signs of difficulty using ...


A Brief Summary And Critique Of Criminal Liability Rules For Intoxicated Conduct, Paul H. Robinson 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

A Brief Summary And Critique Of Criminal Liability Rules For Intoxicated Conduct, Paul H. Robinson

Faculty Scholarship

This essay provides an overview of the legal issues relating to intoxication, including the effect of voluntary intoxication in imputing to an offender a required offense culpable state of mind that he may not actually have had at the time of the offense; the effect of involuntary intoxication in providing a defense by negating a required offense culpability element or by satisfying the conditions of a general excuse; the legal effect of alcoholism or addiction in rendering intoxication involuntary; and the limitation on using alcoholism or addiction in this way if the offender can be judged to be reasonably responsible ...


The Sweat Lodge Ceremony: A Healing Intervention For Intergenerational Trauma And Substance Use, Teresa Naseba Marsh, David C. Marsh, Julie Ozawagosh, Frank Ozawagosh 2018 Northern Ontario School of Medicine

The Sweat Lodge Ceremony: A Healing Intervention For Intergenerational Trauma And Substance Use, Teresa Naseba Marsh, David C. Marsh, Julie Ozawagosh, Frank Ozawagosh

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Many traditional healers and Elders agree that strengthening cultural identity, incorporating traditional healing practices, and encouraging community integration can enhance and improve mental health and reduce substance use disorders (SUD) in Indigenous populations. Despite the fact that traditional healing practices have always been valued by Indigenous Peoples, there is very little research on efficacy. Recent research by one of the authors in this group (T. Marsh) has shown that the blending of Indigenous traditional healing practices and a Western treatment model, Seeking Safety, resulted in a reduction in intergenerational trauma (IGT) symptoms and substance use disorders (SUD). This article focuses ...


An Evidence-Based Co-Occurring Disorder Intervention In Va Homeless Programs: Outcomes From A Hybrid Iii Trial, David A. Smelson, Matthew Chinman, Gordon Hannah, Thomas Byrne, Sharon McCarthy 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

An Evidence-Based Co-Occurring Disorder Intervention In Va Homeless Programs: Outcomes From A Hybrid Iii Trial, David A. Smelson, Matthew Chinman, Gordon Hannah, Thomas Byrne, Sharon Mccarthy

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Evidence-based treatment for co-occurring disorders is needed within programs that serve homeless Veterans to assist with increasing engagement in care and to prevent future housing loss. A specialized co-occurring disorders treatment engagement intervention called Maintaining Independence and Sobriety Through Systems Integration, Outreach and Networking - Veterans Edition (MISSION-Vet) was implemented within the Housing and Urban Development - Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) Programs with and without an implementation strategy called Getting To Outcomes (GTO). While implementation was modest for the GTO group, no one adopted MISSION in the non-GTO group. This paper reports Veteran level outcome data on treatment engagement and ...


Fear Of Missing Out, Social Media Abuse, And Parenting Styles, Kylie Richter 2018 Abilene Christian University

Fear Of Missing Out, Social Media Abuse, And Parenting Styles, Kylie Richter

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With the increasing rise in technology use, particularly engagement in social media, it is important for researchers to gain a better understanding of the usage patterns along with the antecedents and consequences of heavy social media usage. In addition to the rise in social media usage, a new anxiety driven phenomenon is storming the research world, FoMO (Fear of Missing Out). To date, there has been little empirical research on the relationship between social media usage and psychological adjustment. This study aimed to investigate the relationships between FoMO, social media abuse, and parenting styles. It is theorized that because FoMO ...


Empower: A Community-Based Approach To Improve Care For Women And Newborns Affected By Perinatal Substance Use Disorder, Linda Jablonski, Susan Marie Halpin 2018 Baystate Health

Empower: A Community-Based Approach To Improve Care For Women And Newborns Affected By Perinatal Substance Use Disorder, Linda Jablonski, Susan Marie Halpin

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

New England has the second highest rate of prenatal opioid exposure in the country. This population of women and children is particularly vulnerable and requires a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach in order to overcome barriers to care and support good outcomes. This webinar will describe how one rural community collaborated to create a screening, referral and support program called EMPOWER (Engaging Mothers for Positive Outcomes with Early Referrals). Learn how this innovative approach helps support women and improve outcomes by identifying and addressing barriers to care for patients, health care providers and their community.

Learning Objectives

Participants will:

  1. Recognize how prenatal ...


A Surging Drug Epidemic: Time For Congress To Enact A Mandate On Insurance Companies And Rehabilitation Facilities For Opioid And Opiate Addiction, Alanna Guy 2018 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law

A Surging Drug Epidemic: Time For Congress To Enact A Mandate On Insurance Companies And Rehabilitation Facilities For Opioid And Opiate Addiction, Alanna Guy

Journal of Law and Health

This Note begins with a discussion of both the national opioid problem as well as the specific epidemic in Ohio as an example of how it has grown within all of the states. Part II discusses the differences between prescription opioids and opiates, how they can be obtained, what effects they have on the human body, and why the government has an interest in this growing problem. Next, this Note explains how and why there was an increase in access and addiction to prescription opioid pain medication. Following this explanation, the steps the government has taken to try to rectify ...


The Prospective Influence Of Religiousness On Alcohol Use: What Role Do Perceived Norms Play?, Corey Todd Brawner 2018 University of Southern Mississippi

The Prospective Influence Of Religiousness On Alcohol Use: What Role Do Perceived Norms Play?, Corey Todd Brawner

Dissertations

Alcohol misuse is recognized as one of the most pressing health hazards for college students. Previous research has supported a protective relationship between religiousness and problematic alcohol use, but it is less clear what aspects of religiousness are protective and through what mechanisms its effect is exerted. The current study utilized a prospective design to accomplish three primary goals: (1) Delineate the protective effects of religious motivation and public participation on alcohol use and alcohol-related problems in a sample of undergraduates at a large public university in the southeastern United States, (2) determine whether effects were maintained long-term, and (3 ...


Pornography As A Public Health Issue: Promoting Violence And Exploitation Of Children, Youth, And Adults, Elisabeth Taylor 2018 Center for Human Dignity, United Against Sexual Exploitation

Pornography As A Public Health Issue: Promoting Violence And Exploitation Of Children, Youth, And Adults, Elisabeth Taylor

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

The pornography industry is expanding exponentially as a result of ongoing technological advances. The ability to stream videos over the internet and the ubiquity of the smart phone have meant that pornography producers are able to use algorithms to target potential consumers, to cultivate new sexual tastes and to deliver content to a more diverse audience over mobile devices. The advent of virtual reality pornography with interactive sex toys and sex robots imbued with artificial intelligence promises to unleash a further step-change in the extent to which pornography influences ‘real-world’ sexual culture. The critical analysis of pornography undertaken over decades ...


Improving Access To Collegiate Substance Use Prevention Resources, Sarah Danko 2018 University of Rhode Island

Improving Access To Collegiate Substance Use Prevention Resources, Sarah Danko

Senior Honors Projects

The incidence of substance use has been increasing at an alarming rate and declared a public health epidemic. Certain subpopulations, including the collegiate population, are at an increased risk for developing a substance use disorder. According to The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, 22.9% of college students meet the criteria for a substance use disorder. This rate is markedly high compared to the rate amongst the general public of 8.5%. A number of factors predispose college students to alcohol and substance use disorders. These factors include increased freedom, social pressures, and high-demand academic workload. Despite the ...


Under One Roof: Identification, Evaluation, And Treatment Of Chronic Hepatitis C In Addiction Care, Stephen A. Martin, Jordon Bosse, Amanda Wilson, Phyllis Losikoff, Lisa Chiodo 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Under One Roof: Identification, Evaluation, And Treatment Of Chronic Hepatitis C In Addiction Care, Stephen A. Martin, Jordon Bosse, Amanda Wilson, Phyllis Losikoff, Lisa Chiodo

Open Access Articles

For over a decade, the vast majority of new hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections have been among young people who inject drugs (PWID). Well-characterized gaps in chronic HCV diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment have resulted in fewer than 5% of PWID receiving HCV treatment. While interferon-based treatment may have intentionally been foregone during part of this time in anticipation of improved oral therapies, the overall pattern points to deficiencies and treatment exclusions in the health care system. Treatment for HCV with all-oral, highly effective direct-acting antiviral medication for 12 weeks or less is now the standard of care, putting renewed focus ...


Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith 2018 Carroll College

Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

This review was conducted to compare the perioperative outcomes following a total primary arthroplasty among patients with a psychiatric comorbidity versus those without a psychiatric comorbidity. Literature was reviewed from the database Pubmed. Seven cohort and case-control studies were reviewed, with the largest sample size of 8.4 million patients. Psychiatric comorbidities resulted in increased negative perioperative outcomes compared to patients without psychiatric comorbidities in six articles. These studies observed higher rates of revision, blood transfusion, mortality, non-traditional discharge, and increased length and cost of stay for patients with a diagnosed psychiatric condition. Therefore, it was concluded from most studies ...


Analysis Of Opioid Hospitalizations In Michigan Counties, Stephanie Hook 2018 Western Michigan University

Analysis Of Opioid Hospitalizations In Michigan Counties, Stephanie Hook

Honors Theses

The escalating opioid epidemic has affected the United States on both national and local levels. In the state of Michigan, the opioid overdose death rate increased by 13.3% between 2014 and 2015 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2017). Due to a gap in the literature regarding opioid hospitalization rates, this study focused on the demographic correlates of unemployment, health insurance, and poverty level in relation to the Michigan counties that indicated the highest opioid hospitalization rates in the 2013-2015 time period. The five Michigan counties with the highest opioid hospitalization rates were Oscoda, Arenac, Roscommon, Clare, and Benzie ...


Detecting Opioid-Related Aberrant Behavior Using Natural Language Processing, Jesse M. Lingeman, Priscilla Wang, William Becker, Hong Yu 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Detecting Opioid-Related Aberrant Behavior Using Natural Language Processing, Jesse M. Lingeman, Priscilla Wang, William Becker, Hong Yu

Open Access Articles

The United States is in the midst of a prescription opioid epidemic, with the number of yearly opioid-related overdose deaths increasing almost fourfold since 2000(1). To more effectively prevent unintentional opioid overdoses, the medical profession requires robust surveillance tools that can effectively identify at-risk patients. Drug-related aberrant behaviors observed in the clinical context may be important indicators of patients at risk for or actively abusing opioids. In this paper, we describe a natural language processing (NLP) method for automatic surveillance of aberrant behavior in medical notes relying only on the text of the notes. This allows for a robust ...


The Predictors Of Juvenile Recidivism: Testimonies Of Adult Students 18 Years And Older Exiting From Alternative Education, La Toshia Palmer 2018 Brandman University

The Predictors Of Juvenile Recidivism: Testimonies Of Adult Students 18 Years And Older Exiting From Alternative Education, La Toshia Palmer

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive, qualitative study was to identify and describe the importance of the predictors of juvenile recidivism and the effectiveness of efforts to prevent/avoid juvenile recidivism as perceived by previously detained, arrested, convicted, and/or incarcerated adult students 18 years of age and older exiting from alternative education in Northern California. A second purpose was to explore the types of support provided by alternative schools and the perceived importance of the support to avoid recidivism according to adult students 18 years of age and older exiting from alternative education.

Methodology: This qualitative, descriptive research design ...


Exploring An Expressive Arts Protocol In The Recovery Of Substance Use Disorders In An Intensive Outpatient Program, Joie de Bostock 2018 Lesley University

Exploring An Expressive Arts Protocol In The Recovery Of Substance Use Disorders In An Intensive Outpatient Program, Joie De Bostock

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Approaches in treatment of chemical dependency have focused primarily on psychoeducation in group therapy, with limited research involving expressive therapies. Literature has shown benefit in the use of expressive arts for those in mental health treatment, with a limited amount of research on expressive arts in the treatment of substance abuse disorders (SUDs), though it is uncommon for individuals in chemical dependency treatment to receive therapy in any expressive modality. This may be due to several factors, such as resources for supplies or limitations in funding, however, an outlet of expression could benefit this population and contribute to successful recovery ...


Sense Of Coherence, A Worthy Factor Toward Nursing Student And New Graduate Satisfaction With Nursing, Goal Setting Affinities, And Coping Tendencies (Le Sens De La Cohérence, Un Facteur Déterminant De La Satisfaction Des Étudiantes Et Des Diplômées De Leur Carrière En Sciences Infirmières, De Leur Propension À Établir Des Objectifs Et À Trouver Des Mécanismes De Coping), Shannon Dames, Stephen Javorski 2018 Vancouver Island University

Sense Of Coherence, A Worthy Factor Toward Nursing Student And New Graduate Satisfaction With Nursing, Goal Setting Affinities, And Coping Tendencies (Le Sens De La Cohérence, Un Facteur Déterminant De La Satisfaction Des Étudiantes Et Des Diplômées De Leur Carrière En Sciences Infirmières, De Leur Propension À Établir Des Objectifs Et À Trouver Des Mécanismes De Coping), Shannon Dames, Stephen Javorski

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Abstract

Background

Nursing student readiness for practice is a relevant topic for educators aimed to ready students for a difficult practice environment, and healthcare employers challenged with the high attrition rates of new graduates. The literature suggests that stressors toward burnout may begin in the undergraduate setting with student nurses experiencing feelings of burnout being at significantly higher risk of leaving their position after only 10 to 15 months (Rudman & Gustavsson, 2012; Rudman, Gustavsson, & Hultell, 2014). Readiness for practice as a student informs how new graduate nurses will come into the practice environment. Their sense of coherence, ability to set and achieve goals, and coping skills are important factors toward surviving and thriving in their place of work. This study includes fourth-year nursing students on their final day of school, standing at the threshold of their nursing careers.

Objectives

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between sense of coherence scores of nursing students upon completion of their undergraduate program with their level of satisfaction in nursing as a career choice, coping skills, and goal setting tendencies.

Methods

The study uses a cross-sectional survey using quantitative and qualitative methods. Sense of coherence scores were obtained through the Orientation to Life Questionnaire (Antonovsky, 1987). In addition, data is gathered relating to age, coping habits, and goal setting tendencies. Open-ended questions are used to ascertain suggestions to enhance undergraduate curriculum efforts in the aforementioned topic areas. Data was obtained from 51 Western Canadian Baccalaureate nursing students in their last day as an undergraduate.

Results

Quantitative results demonstrate a positive association between sense of coherence and satisfaction in nursing as a career choice; those with higher sense of coherence scores also demonstrating high levels of satisfaction with nursing. Those who regularly abuse substances to cope with stress were more likely to ...


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