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Prescription Drug Manufacturer Attempts To Prevent Abuse Of Controlled Substances, Amanda R. Hoersten, Nathaniel Hedrick, Lacey Shumate, H. Paige Stewart, Caitlin Swann, Michael Milks 2019 Ohio Northern University

Prescription Drug Manufacturer Attempts To Prevent Abuse Of Controlled Substances, Amanda R. Hoersten, Nathaniel Hedrick, Lacey Shumate, H. Paige Stewart, Caitlin Swann, Michael Milks

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

In the United States, prescription drug abuse is on the rise. This trend has impacted the makers of OxyContin®, as well as the manufacturers of other controlled substances,to reevaluate how they formulate their products, resulting in medications, that are more difficult to abuse. These abuse-deterrent formulations utilize physical, chemical and aversion barriers, specific delivery systems, and prodrug technology to prevent abuse. Additionally, some manufacturers have implemented the use of risk-management campaigns and education programs, to reduce the misuse of their products. Working together with prescription drug manufacturers, pharmacists play an important role in preventing abuse and educating patients on ...


Recent Trends, Current Research In Cyberpsychology: A Literature Review, Amarjit Kumar Singh, Pawan Kumar Singh 2019 Library Assistant, Central Library, Central University of South Bihar (CUSB), Gaya (Bihar)

Recent Trends, Current Research In Cyberpsychology: A Literature Review, Amarjit Kumar Singh, Pawan Kumar Singh

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Cyberpsychology refers to the study of the mind and behavior in the context of interactions with technology. It is an emerging branch, which has focused on the psychological aspects connected to the increasing presence and usages of technology in modern lives. This paper traces recent advancement and trends of Cyberpsychology is an emerging domain of knowledge and goes on the give a literature review of the same. An analysis of the recent research and literature covering 300 most relevant research papers from the period of 2012 to 15, August 2019 was conducted to determine and shape the research pattern based ...


Visualization Of Global Opioid Use Disorder Rates Based On Harm Reduction Availability, Soyol Enkh-Amgalan 2019 Purdue University

Visualization Of Global Opioid Use Disorder Rates Based On Harm Reduction Availability, Soyol Enkh-Amgalan

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


"The Traps Started During My Childhood": The Role Of Substance Abuse In Women's Responses To Adverse Childhood Experiences (Aces), Breanna Boppre, Cassandra Boyer 2019 Wichita State University

"The Traps Started During My Childhood": The Role Of Substance Abuse In Women's Responses To Adverse Childhood Experiences (Aces), Breanna Boppre, Cassandra Boyer

Criminal Justice Faculty Publications

The gendered pathways perspective seeks to identify the biological, psychological, and social realities that lead to women’s law-breaking behavior. Prior research in this area demonstrates the link between women’s adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and involvement in the criminal justice system later in life. The current study fills an important gap in the literature by providing a phenomenological description of the impacts ACEs had upon 19 community supervised women’s lives. Their stories illuminate the need to consider multiple forms of ACEs, from physical and sexual abuse to the death of a loved one. Interviewees’ most prevalent response to ...


Comorbidity Profile Of Head And Neck Cancer Patients With And Without Depression, Michaela Frenzel 2019 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Comorbidity Profile Of Head And Neck Cancer Patients With And Without Depression, Michaela Frenzel

Capstone Experience

This population-based retrospective study used SEER-Medicare data from 2002-2010 to assess depression, comorbidity, and substance use in the elderly head and neck cancer population. Out of 3,533 head and neck cancer patients, 10.6% had depression diagnoses two years prior to cancer diagnosis, 8.9% were newly diagnosed with depression within one year after cancer diagnosis, and 44.5% of those with preexisting depression had an additional depression diagnosis within one year following cancer diagnosis. Comorbid conditions (p<0.0001) and substance use (p=0.0017) showed associations with depression prior to cancer diagnosis yet, no significant associations with incidence of depression in this head and neck cancer population. This study affirms the need for continual depression screenings in head and neck cancer patients and suggests the need for increased research into the burden of comorbid conditions and substance use within the head and neck cancer population.


Dissemination And Effectiveness Of The Peer Marketing And Messaging Of A Web-Assisted Tobacco Intervention: Protocol For A Hybrid Effectiveness Trial, Jamie Faro, Elizabeth Aaker Orvek, Amanda C. Blok, Catherine S. Nagawa, Annalise J. McDonald, Gregory Seward, Thomas K. Houston, Ariana Kamberi, Jeroan J. Allison, Sharina D. Person, Tina Grosowsky, Rajani S. Sadasivam 2019 University of Massachusetts Boston

Dissemination And Effectiveness Of The Peer Marketing And Messaging Of A Web-Assisted Tobacco Intervention: Protocol For A Hybrid Effectiveness Trial, Jamie Faro, Elizabeth Aaker Orvek, Amanda C. Blok, Catherine S. Nagawa, Annalise J. Mcdonald, Gregory Seward, Thomas K. Houston, Ariana Kamberi, Jeroan J. Allison, Sharina D. Person, Tina Grosowsky, Rajani S. Sadasivam

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Smoking continues to be the leading preventable cause of death. Digital Interventions for Smoking Cessation (DISCs) are health communication programs accessible via the internet and smartphones and allow for greater reach and effectiveness of tobacco cessation programs. DISCs have led to increased 6-month cessation rates while also reaching vulnerable populations. Despite this, the impact of DISCs has been limited and new ways to increase access and effectiveness are needed.

OBJECTIVE: We are conducting a hybrid effectiveness-dissemination study. We aim to evaluate the effectiveness of a machine learning-based approach (recommender system) for computer-tailored health communication (CTHC) over a standard CTHC ...


The Bidirectionality Of Impulsivity And Alcohol Use: An Ecological Momentary Examination Among Emerging Adults, Amy L. Stamates 2019 Old Dominion University

The Bidirectionality Of Impulsivity And Alcohol Use: An Ecological Momentary Examination Among Emerging Adults, Amy L. Stamates

Psychology Theses & Dissertations

Impulsivity is a robust risk factor for alcohol use among emerging adults (i.e., 18 to 25), but significant gaps remain in our understanding of the way that impulsivity relates to alcohol harms. Most prior research has been limited to between-level differences; thus, within-person variability in impulsivity at the momentary level and its bidirectional association with alcohol use has not been examined. Consequently, the present research used a 14-day ecological momentary assessment (EMA) design to: (1) determine momentary impulsivity as a predictor of subsequent alcohol use and problems; (2) examine the influence of alcohol use on subsequent impulsivity; (3) test ...


How The Trauma-Informed Approach Can Help Treat Substance Use Disorders, Susan Marie Halpin M.Ed., Jennifer McCarthy M.Ed., MS, LCPC 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

How The Trauma-Informed Approach Can Help Treat Substance Use Disorders, Susan Marie Halpin M.Ed., Jennifer Mccarthy M.Ed., Ms, Lcpc

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

People who experience trauma- especially Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)- are at an elevated risk for substance use disorders, mental illness, and physical disorders. Trauma-informed care (TIC) is an evidence-based approach to deliver healthcare in a way that recognizes and responds to the long-term health effects of the experience of trauma. In the 2014 Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) 57, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) addressed trauma-related prevention, screening, assessment, intervention, and treatment issues and strategies, providing a framework for organizations that wanted to take a trauma informed approach.

Upon completion of this webinar, participants will be able ...


Predictors Of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In Buprenorphine Exposed Newborn: Can Cord Blood Buprenorphine Metabolite Levels Help?, Darshan Shah, Stacy Brown, Nick Hagemeier, Shimin Zheng, Amy Kyle, Jason Pryor, Nilesh Dankhara, Piyuesh Singh 2019 East Tennessee State University

Predictors Of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In Buprenorphine Exposed Newborn: Can Cord Blood Buprenorphine Metabolite Levels Help?, Darshan Shah, Stacy Brown, Nick Hagemeier, Shimin Zheng, Amy Kyle, Jason Pryor, Nilesh Dankhara, Piyuesh Singh

Stacy D. Brown

Background

Buprenorphine is a semi-synthetic opioid used for the treatment of opioid dependence. Opioid use, including buprenorphine, has been increasing in recent years, in the general population and in pregnant women. Consequently, there has been a rise in frequency of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), associated with buprenorphine use during pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to investigate correlations between buprenorphine and buprenorphine-metabolite concentrations in cord blood and onset of NAS in buprenorphine exposed newborns.

Methods

Nineteen (19) newborns who met inclusion criteria were followed after birth until discharge in a double-blind non-intervention study, after maternal consent. Cord blood and ...


Association Between Alcohol Use Disorders And Outcomes Of Patients Hospitalized With Community-Acquired Pneumonia, Niyati M. Gupta, Peter K. Lindenauer, Pei-Chun Yu, Peter B. Imrey, Sarah Haessler, Abhishek Deshpande, Thomas L. Higgins, Michael B. Rothberg 2019 Cleveland Clinic

Association Between Alcohol Use Disorders And Outcomes Of Patients Hospitalized With Community-Acquired Pneumonia, Niyati M. Gupta, Peter K. Lindenauer, Pei-Chun Yu, Peter B. Imrey, Sarah Haessler, Abhishek Deshpande, Thomas L. Higgins, Michael B. Rothberg

Open Access Articles

Importance: Patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD) are at elevated risk of developing pneumonia, but few studies have assessed the outcomes of pneumonia in patients with AUD.

Objectives: To compare the causes, treatment, and outcomes of pneumonia in patients with and without AUD and to understand the associations of comorbid illnesses, alcohol withdrawal, and any residual effects due to alcohol itself with patient outcomes.

Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of 137496 patients 18 years or older with pneumonia who were admitted to 177 US hospitals participating in the Premier Healthcare Database from July 1, 2010 ...


Just Culture: It's More Than Policy, Linda Ann Paradiso, Nancy Sweeney 2019 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Just Culture: It's More Than Policy, Linda Ann Paradiso, Nancy Sweeney

Publications and Research

Any healthcare organization’s top priority is effective and safe care. Despite this, medical error is the third-leading cause of death in the US. Hospitals are imperfect systems where nurses have competing demands and are forced to improvise and develop workarounds. Errors rarely occur in a vacuum, rather they’re a sequence of events with multiple opportunities for correction. Clinical nurses can have a significant impact on reducing errors due to their proximity to patients. When errors are identified, the events and impact on safe care need to be shared. Just culture is a safe haven that supports reporting. In ...


Opioid Overdose Deaths And Potentially Inappropriate Opioid Prescribing Practices (Pip): A Spatial Epidemiological Study, Thomas J. Stopka, Harsha Amaravadi, Anna R. Kaplan, Rachel Hoh, Dana Bernson, Kenneth K.H. Chui, Thomas Land, Alexander Y. Walley, Marc R. LaRochelle, Adam J. Rose 2019 Tufts University

Opioid Overdose Deaths And Potentially Inappropriate Opioid Prescribing Practices (Pip): A Spatial Epidemiological Study, Thomas J. Stopka, Harsha Amaravadi, Anna R. Kaplan, Rachel Hoh, Dana Bernson, Kenneth K.H. Chui, Thomas Land, Alexander Y. Walley, Marc R. Larochelle, Adam J. Rose

Open Access Articles

INTRODUCTION: Opioid overdose deaths quintupled in Massachusetts between 2000 and 2016. Potentially inappropriate opioid prescribing practices (PIP) are associated with increases in overdoses. The purpose of this study was to conduct spatial epidemiological analyses of novel comprehensively linked data to identify overdose and PIP hotspots.

METHODS: Sixteen administrative datasets, including prescription monitoring, medical claims, vital statistics, and medical examiner data, covering >98% of Massachusetts residents between 2011-2015, were linked in 2017 to better investigate the opioid epidemic. PIP was defined by six measures: > /=100 morphine milligram equivalents (MMEs), co-prescription of benzodiazepines and opioids, cash purchases of opioid prescriptions, opioid prescriptions ...


Gender Differences In Non-Suicidal Self-Injury In A Sample Of Treatment-Seeking Gamblers, Megan Cowie 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Gender Differences In Non-Suicidal Self-Injury In A Sample Of Treatment-Seeking Gamblers, Megan Cowie

International Conference on Gambling & Risk Taking

Gambling Disorder (GD) is a public health concern with tremendous implications (Smith & Wynne, 2002). The disorder rarely occurs in isolation, often presenting with other conditions. Suicidal ideation and attempts are common among treatment-seeking gamblers (Maccallum & Blaszczynski, 2003). An important yet overlooked risk factor for suicidality is non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI; Klonsky et al., 2013). NSSI can serve many functions: relief of negative emotions; generation of positive states; escape from interpersonal obligations; attention or facilitation of resources (Nock & Prinstein, 2004). Previous research has found gender differences in NSSI. Despite NSSI’s relationship to suicidality and the noted gender differences, literature on gender differences within a gambling population is scarce. Therefore, we investigated gender differences in the form and function of NSSI in a clinical sample of 364 treatment-seeking gamblers. Overall, results suggest that females engaged in more hair pulling ...


Interventions For Problem And Pathological Gambling: Status, Innovations, And Challenges, Matthew P. Martens 2019 University of Missouri

Interventions For Problem And Pathological Gambling: Status, Innovations, And Challenges, Matthew P. Martens

International Conference on Gambling & Risk Taking

The purpose of this presentation is to address research on the effectiveness of problem gambling interventions and offer insights for new directions. Dr. Martens has led two clinical trials over the past five years that have integrated technology into problem gambling interventions for young adults. In the first trial (Martens et al., 2015), he found that a computerized personalized feedback intervention reduced gambling problems among at-risk young adult gamblers. In the second trial (Martens et al., in preparation), he found that an intervention delivered via cell phone and text-message had an indirect effect on gambling-related problems. Although effect sizes for ...


Mixed Methods To Explore Factors Associated With The Decline Of Patients In The Methadone Maintenance Treatment Program In Shanghai, China, Lei Zhang, Jiayi Bao, Amy L. Harrington, Xiaoduo Fan, Zhen Ning, Jingying Zhang, Daqing Shi, Manji Hu, Zhirong Zhou, Zhengyi Cai, Min Zhao, Jiang Du 2019 Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Mixed Methods To Explore Factors Associated With The Decline Of Patients In The Methadone Maintenance Treatment Program In Shanghai, China, Lei Zhang, Jiayi Bao, Amy L. Harrington, Xiaoduo Fan, Zhen Ning, Jingying Zhang, Daqing Shi, Manji Hu, Zhirong Zhou, Zhengyi Cai, Min Zhao, Jiang Du

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: This study was to characterize the Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) in Shanghai, China, and to explore factors associated with the decline of patients in MMT during 2005-2016.

METHODS: Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used in this study. Based on the data from Shanghai Centers for Disease Control (CDC), we described the changes in the number of patients who received MMT, and new enrollment each year from 2005 to 2016. Focus groups were conducted with 22 patients, and in-depth interviews were conducted with 9 service providers.

RESULTS: Quantitative data demonstrate that the number of new enrollment began to decline ...


A Literature Review On Substance Related Grief And Expressive Art Therapy Support Groups, Holly N. St. Cyr 2019 Lesley University

A Literature Review On Substance Related Grief And Expressive Art Therapy Support Groups, Holly N. St. Cyr

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

In the year of 2017, 18.7 million Americans aged 18 years or older were reported to have a substance use disorder and the pervasiveness of substance related deaths escalated (McCance- Katz, 2017). Researchers have examined how grief experienced by substance users and their loved ones is often disenfranchised by social stigmatization, loss of support, and feelings of regret, blame, humiliation, and shame. According to Valentine, Bauld, and Walter, (2016) “bereavement following a drug or alcohol related death has been largely neglected in research and service provision, despite its global prevalence and potentially devastating consequences for those concerned,” (p. 283 ...


Efficacy Of Integrated Mental Health Care With Dual Diagnosis Patients And Their Utilization Of Psychiatric Emergency Services, Denton Scott 2019 University of San Francisco

Efficacy Of Integrated Mental Health Care With Dual Diagnosis Patients And Their Utilization Of Psychiatric Emergency Services, Denton Scott

Doctoral Dissertations

Historically, patients with dual diagnosis have been subjected to ineffective treatment and negative attitudes from healthcare providers. Further, these patients are plagued with myriad afflictions that exist beyond substance abuse and mental illness. The treatments and collateral damage associated with the diagnosis impose excessive healthcare costs and can be of significant detriment to society. Largely, patients suffering from dual diagnosis do not receive adequate treatment. As such, psychiatric emergency services are frequently utilized as an alternate treatment, wherein the main focus of care is on the substance abuse alone. This study argues that solely treating the substance abuse is not ...


Exploring Individual Experiences Obtaining Medication-Assisted Treatment For Opioid Use Disorder In Rural New Mexico, Krista L. Scorsone 2019 University of New Mexico

Exploring Individual Experiences Obtaining Medication-Assisted Treatment For Opioid Use Disorder In Rural New Mexico, Krista L. Scorsone

Nursing ETDs

In the United States, more than 2.5 million people struggle with opioid use disorder. Compared to people living in urban areas, rural residents are twice as likely to overdose from opioid misuse. Reasons for this increase include excessive opioid prescribing and illegal diversion of opioids. This holds true in the rural counties of northern New Mexico, where drug overdose deaths are among the highest in the nation. Although medication-assisted treatment (MAT) with buprenorphine, methadone, or naltrexone is globally accepted as the most effective treatment, it is still accessed half as often rurally. The reasons for this imbalance are unknown ...


An E-Learning Adaptation Of An Evidence-Based Media Literacy Curriculum To Prevent Youth Substance Use In Community Groups: Development And Feasibility Of Real Media, Anne E. Ray, Kathryn Greene, Michael L. Hecht, Sarah C. Barriage, Michelle Miller-Day, Shannon D. Glenn, Smita C. Banerjee 2019 Rutgers University

An E-Learning Adaptation Of An Evidence-Based Media Literacy Curriculum To Prevent Youth Substance Use In Community Groups: Development And Feasibility Of Real Media, Anne E. Ray, Kathryn Greene, Michael L. Hecht, Sarah C. Barriage, Michelle Miller-Day, Shannon D. Glenn, Smita C. Banerjee

Communication Faculty Articles and Research

Background: There is a need for evidence-based substance use prevention efforts that target high school-aged youth that are easy to implement and suitable for dissemination in school and community groups. The Youth Message Development (YMD) program is a brief, four-lesson, in-person curriculum that aims to prevent youth substance use through the development of youth media literacy. Specifically, YMD aims to increase understanding of advertising reach and costs, along with the techniques used to sell products; develop counterarguing and critical thinking skills in response to advertisements; and facilitate application of these skills to the development of youth-generated antisubstance messages. Although YMD ...


Mothers, Mental Health And Opioids: Engaging With Researchers @Research4moms.Com, Shayna Mazel, Shannon Hennig, Yaara Zisman Ilani, Joanne Nicholson 2019 Brandeis University

Mothers, Mental Health And Opioids: Engaging With Researchers @Research4moms.Com, Shayna Mazel, Shannon Hennig, Yaara Zisman Ilani, Joanne Nicholson

Journal of Parent and Family Mental Health

Co-occurring mental illness and opioid misuse is a significant and rising public health issue for mothers in the US. In recent years, opioid misuse during pregnancy has increased a great deal.1 Only a small subset of mothers will seek and receive help for themselves and their children.2, 3 When it is sought, treatment is not necessarily targeted or tailored to meet the needs of mothers and families.1 We are bringing mothers and researchers together to promote a shared understanding of mothers’ experiences and needs, and to inform research that is relevant, meaningful and effective, with the goal ...


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