Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Substance Abuse and Addiction Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1132 Full-Text Articles 1843 Authors 150594 Downloads 98 Institutions

All Articles in Substance Abuse and Addiction

Faceted Search

1132 full-text articles. Page 1 of 39.

Assessing The Efficacy Of A Modified Therapeutic Community On The Reduction Of Institutional Write-Ups In A Medium Security Prison, Lee Wayne Maglinger, Aaron W. Hughey, Monica Galloway Burke 2016 Kentucky Department of Corrections, Owensboro

Assessing The Efficacy Of A Modified Therapeutic Community On The Reduction Of Institutional Write-Ups In A Medium Security Prison, Lee Wayne Maglinger, Aaron W. Hughey, Monica Galloway Burke

Aaron Hughey

This study explored the impact a modified TC (Therapeutic Community) had on reducing institutional disorder as documented by institutional write-ups. The number of institutional write-ups exhibited by clients participating in a modified TC was compared with the number of write-ups exhibited by inmates in five non-treatment units over a four-year period. ANOVA (analysis of variance) revealed that the number of write-ups exhibited by clients in the TC was significantly lower than the number exhibited by inmates in the other five dorms (F(4, 24) = 5.61, p < 0.002).Further, when examined by category of offense (major/minor), it was ...


Logistical Lessons Learned In Designing And Executing A Photo-Elicitation Study In The Veterans Health Administration, Michael A. Mitchell, Daniel O. Hedayati, Keri L. Rodriguez, Adam J. Gordon, Lauren M. Broyles, Gala True, Salva N. Balbale, James W. Conley 2016 Office of Data Analysis, Research, and Evaluation, Allegheny County Department of Human Services, USA; Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, USA

Logistical Lessons Learned In Designing And Executing A Photo-Elicitation Study In The Veterans Health Administration, Michael A. Mitchell, Daniel O. Hedayati, Keri L. Rodriguez, Adam J. Gordon, Lauren M. Broyles, Gala True, Salva N. Balbale, James W. Conley

The Qualitative Report

Participatory photography research methods have been used to successfully engage and collect in-depth information from individuals whose voices have been traditionally marginalized in clinical or research arenas. However, participatory photography methods can introduce unique challenges and considerations regarding study design, human subject protections, and other regulatory barriers, particularly with vulnerable patient populations and in highly regulated institutions. Practical guidance on navigating these complex, interrelated methodological, logistical, and ethical issues is limited. Using a case exemplar, we describe our experiences with the planning, refinement, and initiation of a research study that used photo-elicitation interviews to assess the healthcare experiences of homeless ...


The Crisis Of Opiates In Appalachia, James B. Becker MD 2016 Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine Marshall

The Crisis Of Opiates In Appalachia, James B. Becker Md

James Becker

No abstract provided.


A Systematic Review On The Use Of Psychosocial Interventions In Conjunction With Medications For The Treatment Of Opioid Addiction, K Dugosh, A. Abraham, B. Seymour, K. McLoyd, M. Chalk, David Festinger 2016 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

A Systematic Review On The Use Of Psychosocial Interventions In Conjunction With Medications For The Treatment Of Opioid Addiction, K Dugosh, A. Abraham, B. Seymour, K. Mcloyd, M. Chalk, David Festinger

David Festinger

Opioid use and overdose rates have risen to epidemic levels in the United States during the past decade. Fortunately, there are effective medications (ie, methadone, buprenorphine, and oral and injectable naltrexone) available for the treatment of opioid addiction. Each of these medications is approved for use in conjunction with psychosocial treatment; however, there is a dearth of empirical research on the optimal psychosocial interventions to use with these medications. In this systematic review, we outline and discuss the findings of 3 prominent prior reviews and 27 recent publications of empirical studies on this topic. The most widely studied psychosocial interventions ...


Validation Of The Waterpipe Tolerance Questionnaire Among Jordanian School-Going Adolescent Waterpipe Users, Sukaina Alzyoud, Sreenivas P. Veeranki, Khalid Kheriallah, Ali M. Shotar, Lori Pbert 2016 Hashemite University

Validation Of The Waterpipe Tolerance Questionnaire Among Jordanian School-Going Adolescent Waterpipe Users, Sukaina Alzyoud, Sreenivas P. Veeranki, Khalid Kheriallah, Ali M. Shotar, Lori Pbert

Lori Pbert

INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe use among adolescents has been increasing progressively. Yet no studies were reported to assess the validity and reliability of nicotine dependence scale. The current study aims to assess the validity and reliability of an Arabic version of the modified Waterpipe Tolerance Questionnaire WTQ among school-going adolescent waterpipe users.

METHODS: In a cross-sectional study conducted in Jordan, information on waterpipe use among 333 school-going adolescents aged 11-18 years was obtained using the Arabic version of the WTQ. An exploratory factor analysis and correlation matrices were conducted to assess validity and reliability of the WTQ.

RESULTS: The WTQ had a ...


Indigenous Healing And Seeking Safety: A Blended Implementation Project For Intergenerational Trauma And Substance Use Disorders, Teresa Naseba Marsh, Sheila Cote-Meek, Nancy L. Young, Lisa M. Najavits, Pamela Toulouse 2016 Laurentian University

Indigenous Healing And Seeking Safety: A Blended Implementation Project For Intergenerational Trauma And Substance Use Disorders, Teresa Naseba Marsh, Sheila Cote-Meek, Nancy L. Young, Lisa M. Najavits, Pamela Toulouse

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Background: As with many Indigenous groups around the world, Aboriginal communities in Canada face significant challenges with trauma and substance use disorders (SUD). Treatment for intergenerational trauma (IGT) and SUD is challenging due to the complexity of both disorders. There is strong evidence that strengthening cultural identity, incorporating traditional healing practices, encouraging community integration, and inviting political empowerment can enhance and improve mental health and substance use disorders in Aboriginal populations.

Methods: The purpose of this study was to explore whether the blending of Indigenous traditional healing practices and the Western treatment model Seeking Safety, which is used to treat ...


“Drugs Was My Solution -- My Problem Was Life”: Heroin Addiction And The Life Course Perspective, Kayli Fisher, Margaret M. Manoogian, Stephanie Hoover 2016 Western Oregon University

“Drugs Was My Solution -- My Problem Was Life”: Heroin Addiction And The Life Course Perspective, Kayli Fisher, Margaret M. Manoogian, Stephanie Hoover

PURE Insights

Heroin and other opiate dependencies affect individual users, interpersonal relationships, and communities. The purpose of this qualitative study was to better understand risk factors of heroin dependence by examining the life course paths of individuals who have been through addiction, treatment, and are currently in recovery. In-depth interviews were conducted with five participants in recovery. Participant narratives suggest that early childhood experiences, specifically parental abuse and social rejection, combined with substance abuse as a model for coping, influenced the development of addiction. Social support and self-awareness during and after treatment were effective components of sustaining recovery.


Piloting Signs Of Safety: A Deaf-Accessible Toolkit For Trauma And Addiction, Melissa L. Anderson, Kelly S. Wolf Craig, Amanda Sortwell, Douglas M. Ziedonis 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Piloting Signs Of Safety: A Deaf-Accessible Toolkit For Trauma And Addiction, Melissa L. Anderson, Kelly S. Wolf Craig, Amanda Sortwell, Douglas M. Ziedonis

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

The Deaf community - a minority group of 500,000 Americans who use American Sign Language (ASL) - experiences trauma and addiction at rates double to the general population. Yet, there are no evidence-based treatments that have been evaluated to treat trauma, addiction, or other behavioral health conditions among Deaf people.

Current evidence-based treatments fail to meet the needs of Deaf clients. One example is Seeking Safety, a well-validated therapy for people recovering from trauma and addiction. Seeking Safety includes a therapist guide and client handouts for 25 therapy sessions, each teaching clients a safe coping skill. When Seeking Safety was used ...


A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Videoconferencing Smoking Cessation Intervention For Korean American Women: Preliminary Findings, Sun S. Kim, Somporn Sitthisongkram, Kunsook Bernstein, Hua (Julia) Fang, Won S. Choi, Douglas M. Ziedonis 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Videoconferencing Smoking Cessation Intervention For Korean American Women: Preliminary Findings, Sun S. Kim, Somporn Sitthisongkram, Kunsook Bernstein, Hua (Julia) Fang, Won S. Choi, Douglas M. Ziedonis

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Introduction: Korean American women prefer online or telephone smoking cessation interventions that can be remotely accessed from home. However, these interventions have been found ineffective for the group.

Methods: This study is a pilot clinical trial testing the feasibility and acceptability of a videoconferencing smoking cessation intervention for Korean American women and compared its preliminary efficacy with a telephone-based smoking cessation intervention. Korean women in the United States were recruited nationwide and randomly assigned at a ratio of 1:1 to either a video arm or a telephone arm. Participants in both arms received eight 30-minute weekly individualized counseling sessions ...


Predisposed Health Conditions Of Children Exposed To Methamphetamine In Utero, Seth Peters 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predisposed Health Conditions Of Children Exposed To Methamphetamine In Utero, Seth Peters

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Methamphetamine (MA) use and abuse is a growing problem worldwide [United Nations World Drug Report]. It is common knowledge that MA use affects not only the user, but also friends, family, and the communities close to them [NIDA]. One area of impact that is lacking sufficient study is the effects of MA use by expectant mothers on her child later in life. That is to say, a child who was exposed to MA in utero may be more likely than an unexposed fetus to have predispositions to a variety of health conditions. After an extensive PubMed database search, it is ...


Nicotine And Resting-State Functional Connectivity: Effects Of Intermittent Doses, Wei Huang, Kelly Tam, Janaque Fernando, Meghan E. Heffernan, Jean A. King, Joseph R. DiFranza 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Nicotine And Resting-State Functional Connectivity: Effects Of Intermittent Doses, Wei Huang, Kelly Tam, Janaque Fernando, Meghan E. Heffernan, Jean A. King, Joseph R. Difranza

Jean A. King

INTRODUCTION: It is unknown how the timing between doses might affect nicotine's impact on neural activity. Our objective was to examine how the interdose interval affects nicotine's impact on resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered nicotine daily (0.4 mg/kg) over 6 days while control animals received saline vehicle. Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to measure rsFC before and after a challenge dose of nicotine (0.4 mg/kg) delivered for the first time and 3, 6, 12, or 24hr after the previous dose.

RESULTS: As the interval between ...


Cohort Profile: The Nicotine Dependence In Teens (Ndit) Study, Jennifer O'Loughlin, Joseph R. DiFranza, Robert J. Wellman 2016 University of Montreal

Cohort Profile: The Nicotine Dependence In Teens (Ndit) Study, Jennifer O'Loughlin, Joseph R. Difranza, Robert J. Wellman

Robert J. Wellman

The Nicotine Dependence in Teens (NDIT) study is a prospective cohort investigation of 1294 students recruited in 1999-2000 from all grade 7 classes in a convenience sample of 10 high schools in Montreal, Canada. Its primary objectives were to study the natural course and determinants of cigarette smoking and nicotine dependence in novice smokers. The main source of data was self-report questionnaires administered in class at school every 3 months from grade 7 to grade 11 (1999-2005), for a total of 20 survey cycles during high school education. Questionnaires were also completed after graduation from high school in 2007-08 and ...


Relationship Between Parental Alcoholism And Family Unpredictability, Kamie L. Stephens 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Relationship Between Parental Alcoholism And Family Unpredictability, Kamie L. Stephens

Honors Theses

This research is a retrospective study on adult children of alcoholics using a previous researcher’s, Dr. Ross, unpredictability scale. Family Unpredictability is defined as “a lack of consistency in family behaviors and regulatory systems,” (Ross and Hill, 2000). There is currently a lack of research related to parental alcoholism and its effect on family structure. The researcher hopes to gain insight on the relationship between parental alcoholism and family unpredictability. Previous research suggests children growing up with a caregiver who is an alcoholic experience a higher level of unpredictability in the home. Examples of this unpredictability are: a decreased ...


Using Sbirt As An Intervention For Substance Use In Public Schools, Amanda Higgins 2016 Western Michigan University

Using Sbirt As An Intervention For Substance Use In Public Schools, Amanda Higgins

Honors Theses

In Kalamazoo County, youth substance use is on the rise. In recent years (2012-2014), alcohol use has nearly doubled in the adolescent population. With the easy accessibility of alcohol in Kalamazoo, alcohol use among adolescents will continue to rise if early intervention protocols are not implemented. Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT), could be the model of intervention within Kalamazoo public schools, if implemented correctly. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration (SAMHSA), SBIRT is an evidence-based practice used to identify, reduce, and prevent problematic use, abuse, and dependence on alcohol and illicit drugs. Public ...


Binge Drinking: Subtypes And Associations In Young Adults, Christopher J. Skok 2016 Indiana University - Bloomington

Binge Drinking: Subtypes And Associations In Young Adults, Christopher J. Skok

Butler Journal of Undergraduate Research

Binge drinking has been common practice and a rite of passage for many young adults in the college population. The practice of binge drinking has continued even as binging is associated with several cognitive deficits. One unanswered question still remains: namely, at what levels of binge drinking do these cognitive deficits associate? To investigate this question, three different groups of binge drinkers (low, moderate, and heavy) were compared on two measures of cognition: intelligence (IQ) and executive working memory (EWM) capacity. The binge groups were also compared to non-bingers and abstainers to further investigate how they differed in EWM capacity ...


The Effects Of Chronic Partial Sleep Deprivation On Alcohol Consumption And Delta Fos B Accumulation, Kristian Ponder 2016 James Madison University

The Effects Of Chronic Partial Sleep Deprivation On Alcohol Consumption And Delta Fos B Accumulation, Kristian Ponder

Graduate Showcase of Scholarship and Creative Activities

The present study explores the relation between sleep restriction and alcohol use and the neural substrates that result from chronic behaviors, such as transcription factors. Transcription factor activity is suggested as a possible outcome of chronic behaviors, such as addiction. Sleep is discussed as possible mediating factor in the relationship between specific transcription factors and alcohol. Analysis will focus on brain areas related to both sleep and reward.


An In Vivo Study Of The Effects Of Perinatal Caffeine Exposure On Synaptic Efficacy In The Hippocampus Of Freely Moving Adult Rats, Jee Eun Park 2016 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

An In Vivo Study Of The Effects Of Perinatal Caffeine Exposure On Synaptic Efficacy In The Hippocampus Of Freely Moving Adult Rats, Jee Eun Park

Senior Theses and Projects

The synapse from the perforant path to the dentate gyrus has been widely used successfully to demonstrate long-term potentiation, a cellular model underlying learning and memory. Caffeine is one of the most widely consumed psychoactive stimulants in the world. Caffeine consumption increases in alertness, improvements in motor skills, and neurological functions, and these effects have promoted its use throughout history. Although the many short term cognitive benefits of caffeine intake are well understood, the long term effects of caffeine exposure have been widely disputed. Despite this, it is estimated that over 80% of women continue to consume caffeine throughout pregnancy ...


Piloting "Signs Of Safety": A Deaf-Accessible Toolkit For Trauma And Addiction, Melissa L. Anderson, Kelly S. Wolf Craig, Amanda Sortwell, Douglas M. Ziedonis 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Piloting "Signs Of Safety": A Deaf-Accessible Toolkit For Trauma And Addiction, Melissa L. Anderson, Kelly S. Wolf Craig, Amanda Sortwell, Douglas M. Ziedonis

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

The Deaf community - a minority group of 500,000 Americans who use American Sign Language (ASL) - experiences trauma and addiction at rates double to the general population. Yet, there are no evidence-based treatments that have been evaluated to treat trauma, addiction, or other behavioral health conditions among Deaf people.

Current evidence-based treatments fail to meet the needs of Deaf clients. One example is Seeking Safety, a well-validated therapy for people recovering from trauma and addiction. Seeking Safety includes a therapist guide and client handouts for 25 therapy sessions, each teaching clients a safe coping skill. When Seeking Safety was used ...


Attitudes Toward Substance Abuse Clients: An Empirical Study Of Clinical Psychology Trainees, Chandra Mundon, Melissa Anderson, Lisa Najavits 2016 University of Oregon

Attitudes Toward Substance Abuse Clients: An Empirical Study Of Clinical Psychology Trainees, Chandra Mundon, Melissa Anderson, Lisa Najavits

Melissa L. Anderson

Despite the high prevalence of substance use disorder (SUD) and its frequent comorbidity with mental illness, individuals with SUD are less likely to receive effective SUD treatment from mental health practitioners than SUD counselors. Limited competence and interest in treating this clinical population are likely influenced by a lack of formal training in SUD treatment. Using a factorial survey-vignette design that included three clinical vignettes and a supplementary survey instrument, we investigated whether clinical psychology doctoral students differ in their level of negative emotional reactions toward clients with SUD versus major depressive disorder (MDD); whether they differ in their attributions ...


Representations Of Indigenous Peoples And Use Of Pain Medication In Canadian News Media, Sarah E. Nelson, Annette J. Browne, Josée G. Lavoie 2016 University of Toronto Department of Geography

Representations Of Indigenous Peoples And Use Of Pain Medication In Canadian News Media, Sarah E. Nelson, Annette J. Browne, Josée G. Lavoie

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Using media coverage of the withdrawal of OxyContin in Canada in 2011 and 2012 as an example, this article describes a systematic analysis of how news media depict First Nations peoples in Canada. Stark differences can be seen in how First Nations and non-First Nations individuals and communities are represented. In First Nations communities, problematic substance use is discussed without considering the context of pain management, broad generalizations are made, and language of hopelessness and victimization is employed. An analysis of the differences in language, tone, sources of information, and what is left unsaid, makes visible the ways in which ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress