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Community Pharmacists And Substance Use Disorders: Attitudes, Knowledge And Practices, Deepika Rao 2018 Duquesne University

Community Pharmacists And Substance Use Disorders: Attitudes, Knowledge And Practices, Deepika Rao

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Background: Substance use disorder (SUD) is a serious health concern affecting a large proportion of the US population. Community pharmacists are well-positioned to prevent, screen, and provide appropriate treatment for SUD. Stigma towards these patients and SUD results in reduced quality of care as well as poor treatment outcomes. It is imperative that pharmacists have the appropriate knowledge of and attitude towards prevention, harm reduction and treatment to develop therapeutic relationships and improve their delivery of pharmacy services

Objective: To assess knowledge, practices (with an emphasis upon screening), stigma and general attitudes of community pharmacists towards SUD and evaluate the ...


Sensory-Based Programming In Mental Health: Sense Of Self, Nikki Yeckel 2018 Duquesne University

Sensory-Based Programming In Mental Health: Sense Of Self, Nikki Yeckel

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The doctoral experiential component (DEC) for this Capstone was completed at the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System (VA) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The program, called Sense of Self, was implemented with the Veteran mental health (MH) population in an inpatient psychiatric rehabilitation unit at the VA. Sense of Self was a three-day educational program that educated Veterans on the sensory systems and sensory processing, provided calming or alerting strategies with use of sensory materials, and assisted the Veterans in creating sensory home programs based on personal goals. The goals of this Capstone were to inform the staff of the Veteran demographic population ...


Accelerating An Opioid Safety Collaborative’S Efforts In Addressing Opioid Use And Misuse, Norma Cabriales Gutierrez 2018 California State University, Monterey Bay

Accelerating An Opioid Safety Collaborative’S Efforts In Addressing Opioid Use And Misuse, Norma Cabriales Gutierrez

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

Opioid dependency has skyrocketed since the 1990’s. Today, there is roughly 1 opioid prescription written for every 2 Monterey County residents according to the California Department of Public Health (2018). Individualized efforts to address the opioid crisis must become a smooth-running process to rectify the damage of over-prescribing. The Prescribe Safe Monterey County Initiative has been a leader in alleviating some damages the epidemic has brought upon our community since their work began in 2014. Accelerating their efforts to combat opioid misuse and abuse by utilizing Monterey County Health Department’s strategy maps is the focus of this capstone ...


The Critical Need For Mental Health Education To Be Mandated In New Mexico's Public Schools, Bonnie L. Murphy 2018 University of New Mexico

The Critical Need For Mental Health Education To Be Mandated In New Mexico's Public Schools, Bonnie L. Murphy

Shared Knowledge Conference

Based on a review of research and best practices in mental health awareness and skills, this inquiry project argues for state legislative policies that would require mental health awareness and skills in the K-12 curriculum. Mental health affects individual accomplishments in every stage of people’s lives beginning in early childhood and throughout the life cycle. Prevention and treatment of mental illness plays a key role in the ability of an individual to cope with loss and develop resiliency and perseverance in challenging times and to make better decisions that improve the individual’s life and the lives of those ...


Understanding Grief After An Overdose Death, Franklin Cook MA, CPC, Susan M. Halpin M.Ed. 2018 Unified Communities

Understanding Grief After An Overdose Death, Franklin Cook Ma, Cpc, Susan M. Halpin M.Ed.

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

This webinar focuses on the dynamics of grief after a death caused by substance use. It begins with a look at three key questions people bereaved by an overdose death commonly ask themselves: "Why did the person die from an overdose?" "Did the person intend to die?" "Was the death preventable?" It also covers the stigma, stress, and trauma that can come with grief after a death from substance use -- and it considers issues that begin to influence survivors' experience of grief and loss long before a death occurs, such as struggling with a loved one's addiction and the ...


Cannabinoid Transmission In The Basolateral Amygdala Modulates Prefrontal Cortex And Ventral Hippocampal Activity, Brian J. Pereira 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Cannabinoid Transmission In The Basolateral Amygdala Modulates Prefrontal Cortex And Ventral Hippocampal Activity, Brian J. Pereira

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The cannabinoid system is important for maintaining neuron-to-neuron communication within the mammalian brain. One of the most commonly used substances to alter the cannabinoid system is cannabis. Individuals who are exposed to cannabis report having dissociable effects; both positive and negative. High amounts of THC have been commonly associated with the negative effects of cannabis, whereas CBD can be used to counter these. Pre-clinical evidence suggests that the combination of the two compounds can produce a therapeutic benefit for individuals who are susceptible to the effects of THC. The present study investigates whether the combination of THC+CBD can prevent ...


Using Recovery Coaches In Substance Use Disorder Treatment, Susan Marie Halpin M.Ed., Robert Ryan LADC, Richard J. Kenny CADC 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Using Recovery Coaches In Substance Use Disorder Treatment, Susan Marie Halpin M.Ed., Robert Ryan Ladc, Richard J. Kenny Cadc

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

A Recovery Coach is a person who helps remove the personal and environmental obstacles to recovery, links the newly recovering person to the recovering community and serves as a personal guide and mentor in the management of personal and family recovery. In this webinar you will learn what motivational interviewing is and how it aids in the change process and communicates acceptance. Rich and Rob will present an overview of the Recovery Coaching program at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center. They will also share the data they have collected from their program about the use of recovery coaching in ...


Substance Abuse Treatment In Prison Settings: A Systematic Review, Emilee Cline 2018 Western Kentucky University

Substance Abuse Treatment In Prison Settings: A Systematic Review, Emilee Cline

Psychology Capstone Projects

A significant relationship between criminal behavior and substance abuse exists, which leads to a large proportion of individuals in the prison system who meet criteria for a substance use disorder. This review compares empirically-supported treatments for substance use disorder to current substance abuse treatment programs offered in United States prisons. A review of current literature indicates that Therapeutic Communities are the most common form of substance abuse treatment provided, and often these are combined with Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy groups. Special treatment considerations are provided based on the type of substance used, gender, and ethnicity. Empirically-supported treatments are currently being implemented by ...


How To Save A Life: Administering Naloxone 101, Susan Halpin, Bonnie White, Francis J. Melaragni 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

How To Save A Life: Administering Naloxone 101, Susan Halpin, Bonnie White, Francis J. Melaragni

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) data indicates 115 Americans die each day from an opioid overdose. Further, the CDC states that from 1999-2016, more than 350,000 Americans have died from an overdose involving any opioid, including prescription and illicit opioids. As alarming as these numbers are, they would likely be 2-3 times higher except for a simple and safe intervention that can be administered by anyone who has some basic knowledge and a brief training. This session will show you how it is possible to effectively recognize and respond to an opioid overdose and successfully administer ...


Quantifying Spatial Potential Access Equity In An Agent Based Simulation Model Of Buprenorphine Treatment Policy In The United States, Alexandra Elizabeth Nielsen 2018 Portland State University

Quantifying Spatial Potential Access Equity In An Agent Based Simulation Model Of Buprenorphine Treatment Policy In The United States, Alexandra Elizabeth Nielsen

Dissertations and Theses

Opioid dependence and opioid related deaths are a public health problem which the United States Centers of Disease Control have declared an epidemic. While opioid agonist therapy for opioid addiction has been accepted as the most effective treatment for opioid dependence among academics, and office based buprenorphine treatment has been available in the Unites States for over 10 years, OB buprenorphine faces many barriers to widespread adoption. Empirical data on the geographic distribution of physicians able to prescribe buprenorphine and the prescribing patterns of those physicians show considerable unevenness in access and utilization of treatment services.

Federal-level policies have recently ...


Evaluation Of A Youth Emergency Room Enhancement Program For Behavioral Health, Anne Thatcher 2018 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Evaluation Of A Youth Emergency Room Enhancement Program For Behavioral Health, Anne Thatcher

Dissertations

Problem. Pediatric mental health complaints and subsequent hospitalizations have been steadily increasing. The Behavioral Health Network (BHN) developed an intensive outreach case management program aimed at reducing youth mental health emergency department (ED) visits and inpatient psychiatric admissions. The Youth Emergency Room Enhancement (YERE) program was a process improvement initiative to provide immediate case management to youth and caregivers for mental health care.

Methods. A Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) method utilizing a retrospective case record review occurred over a six-month period. A convenience sample of youth aged 6-20 years presenting to one of eight healthcare facilities for either ED or inpatient hospitalization ...


The Effect Of The Oxytocin Hormone In Cocaine Addicted Rats Suffering From Abstinence Syndrome, Juan Padilla 2018 University High School

The Effect Of The Oxytocin Hormone In Cocaine Addicted Rats Suffering From Abstinence Syndrome, Juan Padilla

The International Student Science Fair 2018

Rehabilitation from a history of drug abuse is a very difficult and life changing process. Abstinence syndrome forces the rehabilitating patient to go through anxiety like symptoms. The Oxytocin hormone has been believed to be a potential facilitator in the rehabilitation process. This hormone is very present during interactions of affection (hugs) and birth, it foments trust while it associates to a feeling of calmness. Oxytocin would theoretically be a calming agent to the anxiety like symptoms such as craving. The experiment aimed to test the calming effects of the hormone, consisted of a five-day systemic cocaine injections treatment schedule ...


The Effect Of The Oxytocin Hormone In Cocaine Addicted Rats Suffering From Abstinence Syndrome, Juan Padilla 2018 University High School

The Effect Of The Oxytocin Hormone In Cocaine Addicted Rats Suffering From Abstinence Syndrome, Juan Padilla

The International Student Science Fair 2018

This study aimed to understand the effects of oxytocin in cocaine-addicted rats to prove its ability to help recovering drug addicts overcome the extreme anxiety and craving that makes them relapse during their rehabilitation.


Just Talk About It: Using Mental Health Education To Prevent And Treat Substance Use Disorder, Susan Halpin, Carl Antisell 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Just Talk About It: Using Mental Health Education To Prevent And Treat Substance Use Disorder, Susan Halpin, Carl Antisell

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

Just Talk About It: Using Mental Health Education

to Prevent & Treat Substance Use Disorder

June 12, 2018 3PM-4PM

Carl Antisell, Speaker/Director of Strategic Communications and Information Services for Minding Your Mind

Carl Antisell from the Minding Your Mind (http://mindingyourmind.org) organization will share the story of his journey through addiction to recovery. Carl will discuss what to look for as warning signs of potential mental health issues such as stress, anxiety, depression and crisis. Learn to look beyond the stigma associated with mental health, and use strategies with students, friends and family to address signs of difficulty using ...


Exploring The Association Of Victimization And Alcohol And Marijuana Use Among American Indian Youth Living On Or Near Reservations: A Mixed Methods Study, Lindsay Nicole Merritt 2018 Portland State University

Exploring The Association Of Victimization And Alcohol And Marijuana Use Among American Indian Youth Living On Or Near Reservations: A Mixed Methods Study, Lindsay Nicole Merritt

Dissertations and Theses

Adolescent substance use research has yet to consider victimization as a potential risk factor contributing to alcohol and marijuana use among American Indian youth living on or near reservations, despite the presence of traumatic experiences, childhood adverse events, racism, and discrimination. Contribution to this lack of attention may be due to little being known about American Indian youth victimization. Even less is known about its association with alcohol and marijuana use in general and for those youth living on or near reservations in particular.

This study utilizes mixed methods with a nationally representative sample of American Indian youth living on ...


A Program Evaluation Of A Drug And Alcohol Family Treatment Program, Katrina Ramirez 2018 The University of San Francisco

A Program Evaluation Of A Drug And Alcohol Family Treatment Program, Katrina Ramirez

Doctoral Dissertations

The current study is a program evaluation at John Muir Behavioral Health, Center for Recovery. The research determined the effectiveness of the program at Center for Recovery that is offered to patients that struggle with substance use disorder and their families. The purpose of this study is to assess patients’ behavioral, cognitive and social/environmental factors as it relates to their commitment to sobriety and examine how the involvement of family members influences the patient’s recovery process. I utilized a mixed methodology of quantitative and qualitative interviews of patients and family members. The findings suggest depressive symptoms were negatively ...


The Sweat Lodge Ceremony: A Healing Intervention For Intergenerational Trauma And Substance Use, Teresa Naseba Marsh, David C. Marsh, Julie Ozawagosh, Frank Ozawagosh 2018 Northern Ontario School of Medicine

The Sweat Lodge Ceremony: A Healing Intervention For Intergenerational Trauma And Substance Use, Teresa Naseba Marsh, David C. Marsh, Julie Ozawagosh, Frank Ozawagosh

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Many traditional healers and Elders agree that strengthening cultural identity, incorporating traditional healing practices, and encouraging community integration can enhance and improve mental health and reduce substance use disorders (SUD) in Indigenous populations. Despite the fact that traditional healing practices have always been valued by Indigenous Peoples, there is very little research on efficacy. Recent research by one of the authors in this group (T. Marsh) has shown that the blending of Indigenous traditional healing practices and a Western treatment model, Seeking Safety, resulted in a reduction in intergenerational trauma (IGT) symptoms and substance use disorders (SUD). This article focuses ...


Perceived Importance Of Substance Use Prevention In Juvenile Justice: A Multi-Level Analysis, Jessica M. Sales, Gail Wasserman, Katherine S. Elkington, Wayne Lehman, Sheena Gardner, Larkin McReynolds, Tisha Wiley, Hannah K. Knudsen 2018 Emory University

Perceived Importance Of Substance Use Prevention In Juvenile Justice: A Multi-Level Analysis, Jessica M. Sales, Gail Wasserman, Katherine S. Elkington, Wayne Lehman, Sheena Gardner, Larkin Mcreynolds, Tisha Wiley, Hannah K. Knudsen

Behavioral Science Faculty Publications

Background: Youth under juvenile justice (JJ) supervision are at high-risk of adverse outcomes from substance use, making prevention important. Few studies have examined prevention-related attitudes of JJ employees, yet such attitudes may be important for implementing prevention programs. Attitudes toward prevention may reflect individual characteristics and organizational contexts.

Methods: Mixed effects regression was used to analyze data from 492 employees in 36 sites participating in the Juvenile Justice-Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS) cooperative agreement. JJ employees' perceived importance of substance use prevention was measured. Staff-level variables included attitudes, job type, and demographic characteristics. Site-level ...


An Evidence-Based Co-Occurring Disorder Intervention In Va Homeless Programs: Outcomes From A Hybrid Iii Trial, David A. Smelson, Matthew Chinman, Gordon Hannah, Thomas Byrne, Sharon McCarthy 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

An Evidence-Based Co-Occurring Disorder Intervention In Va Homeless Programs: Outcomes From A Hybrid Iii Trial, David A. Smelson, Matthew Chinman, Gordon Hannah, Thomas Byrne, Sharon Mccarthy

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Evidence-based treatment for co-occurring disorders is needed within programs that serve homeless Veterans to assist with increasing engagement in care and to prevent future housing loss. A specialized co-occurring disorders treatment engagement intervention called Maintaining Independence and Sobriety Through Systems Integration, Outreach and Networking - Veterans Edition (MISSION-Vet) was implemented within the Housing and Urban Development - Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) Programs with and without an implementation strategy called Getting To Outcomes (GTO). While implementation was modest for the GTO group, no one adopted MISSION in the non-GTO group. This paper reports Veteran level outcome data on treatment engagement and ...


A Surging Drug Epidemic: Time For Congress To Enact A Mandate On Insurance Companies And Rehabilitation Facilities For Opioid And Opiate Addiction, Alanna Guy 2018 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law

A Surging Drug Epidemic: Time For Congress To Enact A Mandate On Insurance Companies And Rehabilitation Facilities For Opioid And Opiate Addiction, Alanna Guy

Journal of Law and Health

This Note begins with a discussion of both the national opioid problem as well as the specific epidemic in Ohio as an example of how it has grown within all of the states. Part II discusses the differences between prescription opioids and opiates, how they can be obtained, what effects they have on the human body, and why the government has an interest in this growing problem. Next, this Note explains how and why there was an increase in access and addiction to prescription opioid pain medication. Following this explanation, the steps the government has taken to try to rectify ...


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