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Psychiatric and Mental Health Commons

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Solitary Confinement: Social Death And Its Afterlives, Jen Rushforth 2017 San Jose State University

Solitary Confinement: Social Death And Its Afterlives, Jen Rushforth

Themis: Research Journal of Justice Studies and Forensic Science

No abstract provided.


Mindfulness Meditation As A Stress Reactivity Intervention: An Event-Related Potential Study, Jessica L. Trottier, Barry S. Oken 2017 Oregon Health and Science University & Portland State University

Mindfulness Meditation As A Stress Reactivity Intervention: An Event-Related Potential Study, Jessica L. Trottier, Barry S. Oken

Student Research Symposium

The biological and neural mechanisms of stress have been extensively studied and supported, but are still unclear. Event-related potentials (ERP’s) emitted by neurons in the brain are a useful tool in measuring stress because they reflect neural response in real-time, to the millisecond, versus typical biological markers, which are typically evaluated before and after a stress test. The neurobiological relationship between ERP’s and stress originates in the anterior cingulate cortex, which in turn activates the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis; the main physiological cascade fueling the stress response and its chronically harmful symptoms. Malfunctions in the stress response, as ...


A Clinical Practice Change Initiative To Incorporate Animal Assisted Therapy In Advanced Practice Registered Nurses' Clinical Practice For Children And Adolescents, Donna Rae Cowell 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

A Clinical Practice Change Initiative To Incorporate Animal Assisted Therapy In Advanced Practice Registered Nurses' Clinical Practice For Children And Adolescents, Donna Rae Cowell

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Background: Children and adolescents mental healthcare needs is vital for the future of our nation’s welfare (American Psychology Association, 2014). Research has indicated AAT may be a considerable choice to help with pediatrics mental healthcare and may be utilized as an adjunct to enhance the care within the psychiatric healthcare field (Chandler, 2012). AAT has become popular within the healthcare realm (Friesen, 2009; Uyemura, 2016) and is a unique method for providing “patients” health care, which may improve patient outcomes (Chandler, 2012; Cowell, 2013; McCullough, 2016; McQuarrie & Urichuk, 2008). Research supports that “providers” in the health care field may “evade” this method of an alternative approach as an intervention due to lack of understanding (Berget, Ekeberg, & Braastad, 2008; Palley, O’Rourke, and Niemi, 2010; Uyemura, 2016; Williams & Jenkins, 2008).

Purpose ...


Type 1 Diabetes And Eating Disorders: The Importance Of Healthcare Provider Knowledge Of Eating Disorders In Type 1 Diabetes, Breanna Young 2017 University of Wyoming

Type 1 Diabetes And Eating Disorders: The Importance Of Healthcare Provider Knowledge Of Eating Disorders In Type 1 Diabetes, Breanna Young

Honors Theses AY 16/17

Type 1 diabetes affects more than 3 million people in the United States and the rate of incidence is increasing on a global level (Atkinson, 2014). The diagnosis of type 1 diabetes often occurs prior to or during adolescence and the disease requires a high level of self-management. Adolescence is a challenging time for many adolescents especially in regards to body changes, weight gain and body image. Due to the added burden surrounding food with type 1 diabetes, disordered eating is more likely to occur. The rate of eating disorders in individuals with type 1 diabetes is as much as ...


Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, Cynthia Newton Captain 2017 Dominican University of California

Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, Cynthia Newton Captain

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Our country’s healthcare system is at a moral crossroads. The way we treat those whom we call “the homeless” is deplorable. The majority of the homeless are mentally ill and need treatment. Our country needs to treat those with the severe brain diseases of schizophrenia, schizo-affective disorder, and bi-polar disorder just as we would Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Those with severe mental illness, who have no insight into their illness, should not be allowed to dictate their own treatment. If a homeless person is brought to San Francisco General Hospital and is found to be a ...


Mental Health 101: Teaching Students And Campus Leaders How To Help Those In Crisis, Megan B. Kuhnly 2017 University of Rhode Island

Mental Health 101: Teaching Students And Campus Leaders How To Help Those In Crisis, Megan B. Kuhnly

Senior Honors Projects

One in four Americans ages 18 and older live with a diagnosable mental health disorder. Due to this high prevalence it is very likely that everyone will encounter someone dealing with a mental health crisis in his or her lifetime. Many college students will experience a crisis during their four years of study due to the high levels of stress and psychological triggers. However, we are often not taught how to help these individuals and the resources available are not well advertised. This lack of education and awareness leads to many students being forced to suffer alone and their mental ...


An Exploration Of The Experience Of Open Awareness Co-Meditation At The Beginning Of Therapy Sessions, Aneeqa Ishtiaq 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

An Exploration Of The Experience Of Open Awareness Co-Meditation At The Beginning Of Therapy Sessions, Aneeqa Ishtiaq

Theses and Dissertations

Mindfulness and meditation have been seen as beneficial for mental health and mindfulness-based therapies have proliferated alongside an increase in popular interest in mindfulness (Germer, Siegel, & Fulton, 2013). However, many therapists are unaware of how to add mindfulness-based interventions. It may seem especially ambiguous for therapists and clients unfamiliar with the concept. In this dissertation, the history and current research on mindfulness-based psychotherapy, and its benefits and contraindications, are reviewed, and the researcher’s relationship to the topic is explained. It is identified that one way to add mindfulness to psychotherapy is for the therapist and the client to co-meditate in the beginning of therapy sessions. There are anecdotal reports of this being done (Gilligan, 2012; Kornfield, conference presentation, 2013) but there is no published research on this specific practice. A phenomenological qualitative study to explore the lived experience of therapists co-meditating with their clients in the beginning of sessions was designed and carried out. Five therapists played a five-minute guided meditation audio instruction, and co-meditated with up to four of their clients in up to four sessions. At the end of each session, the therapists recorded their experiences and ...


Mental Health Counselors Working With Individuals With Developmental Disabilities: A Phenomenological Investigation, Syard G. Evans 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Mental Health Counselors Working With Individuals With Developmental Disabilities: A Phenomenological Investigation, Syard G. Evans

Theses and Dissertations

Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities are often not included in traditional mental health treatment services due to beliefs that these individuals cannot benefit from mental health counseling and that mental health clinicians are not capable of treating this population. Some research exists that discusses techniques and interventions recommended to serve individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities in mental health; however, there is little information on the specific counselors who are willing and able to support this population. A qualitative methodology was utilized to examine the phenomenon of mental health practitioners with experience serving individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities ...


Mental Health Rehabilitation In Victims Of Sex Trafficking, Kayla E. Freemire 2017 Liberty University

Mental Health Rehabilitation In Victims Of Sex Trafficking, Kayla E. Freemire

Senior Honors Theses

Human trafficking is a global epidemic that leaves victims with short- and long-term physiological, psychological, and sociological issues. The mental health needs of trafficked persons have become a topic of research in both medical and psychiatric circles. In order to comprehensively understand the mental health consequences of trafficking, the process must be defined and related to the mental health effects on its victims. The specific mental health disorders diagnosed within this population will be discussed. Treatments used currently for this population will be reviewed, along with future treatments presently being researched and evaluated regarding their potential for use in the ...


Reconnecting The Mind And Body: A Pilot Study Of Developing Compassion For Persistent Pain, Sarah L. Parry Dr, Zoey Malpus Dr 2017 Manchester Metropolitan University

Reconnecting The Mind And Body: A Pilot Study Of Developing Compassion For Persistent Pain, Sarah L. Parry Dr, Zoey Malpus Dr

Patient Experience Journal

As an alternative to the more typical cognitive behavioural approach to pain management, a novel pain management group based on the principles of compassionate mind training was developed for a particular sub-group of patients. Participants were patients of a community pain clinic, who were invited to participate in this alternative approach to pain management. The eight-week Compassion in Pain Groups included psychoeducation around persistent pain, the underlying principles of compassionate mind training, practical exercises such as diaphragmatic breathing, followed by a series of compassionate imagery exercises and group discussions. Both quantitative and qualitative analyses were undertaken to gain further insights ...


From Caution To College: The Effects On Veterans With Self- Reported Trauma Symptoms Sharing Their Experiences With The Campus Community, Jemerson Diaz 2017 San Jose State University

From Caution To College: The Effects On Veterans With Self- Reported Trauma Symptoms Sharing Their Experiences With The Campus Community, Jemerson Diaz

McNair Research Journal SJSU

Over 900,000 veterans are using benefits for higher education today; the vast majority of them served in the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT). Over 25% of GWOT service members that have been treated by the Veterans Affairs (VA) are reported to have symptoms of posttraumatic stress or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTS/PTSD). PTS/PTSD negatively impacts student veterans’ abilities to navigate stressful environments such as college and university settings. The Veterans Embracing Transition (VET) Connect Program at San José State University (SJSU) is designed to connect veterans with non-veterans as peer educators. Five of the 13 VET Connect peer ...


Effects Of Training On Suicide Assessment And Intervention, Vanessa Phillips Bosshart 2017 Murray State University

Effects Of Training On Suicide Assessment And Intervention, Vanessa Phillips Bosshart

Steeplechase

The rate of suicide is increasing in America. Healthcare professionals are an instrumental part of suicide prevention. The APNA has acknowledged that there are serious gaps in nursing education, specifically in the area of suicide risk assessment, prevention, and intervention, and there have been continued efforts to increase competencies in these areas among behavioral healthcare workers. Evidence shows that suicide specific training programs have a positive impact on healthcare professionals. Training programs such as the RRSR training program and the GSAP for nursing personnel improves nurses' confidence and abilities to assess for and intervene with suicidal patients. These programs also ...


Mental Illness Driven Amphetamine Overdose, Kierstin Siaca 2017 Georgia State University

Mental Illness Driven Amphetamine Overdose, Kierstin Siaca

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Oliver Sacks And The Neurology Of The Self, Sam Martin 2017 Germanna Community College

Oliver Sacks And The Neurology Of The Self, Sam Martin

Student Writing

No abstract provided.


Yoga: An Alternative Treatment For Anxiety And Depression, Kendall Beauford 2017 Germanna Community College

Yoga: An Alternative Treatment For Anxiety And Depression, Kendall Beauford

Student Writing

Millions of people are suffering from depression and anxiety, at least half of those suffering go without treatment due to cost, availability, and stigma. In this paper, research studies conducted by professionals were compared in order to identify the therapeutic effects of a yoga practice in people suffering from depression and anxiety. The examined studies support yoga as an effective way to relieve symptoms of depression and anxiety though no authority on public health currently lists yoga as an alternative treatment or therapy for either ailment. The results of research indicate that there is a strong positive influence of yoga ...


Personality Disorders And Epigenetics, Julie Zaccagnino 2017 Germanna Community College

Personality Disorders And Epigenetics, Julie Zaccagnino

Student Writing

Personality Disorders are characterized by chronic and pervasive maladaptive patterns which cause emotional distress to the individual, his/her relationships, and society. The purpose of analysis is to understand the causes of personality disorders. Genetic influence on personality is not a simple cause-and-effect. Several genes have been identified to be associated with personality traits but not cause personality traits. Personality disorders have been also associated with childhood trauma. Evidence in research has shown that childhood maltreatment is marked by DNA methylation of genes which promote glucocorticoid receptors in the synapses of the hippocampus and as well as serotonergic pathways. The ...


The Case Of Harleen Quinzel, Bayan Shehadeh 2017 Germanna Community College

The Case Of Harleen Quinzel, Bayan Shehadeh

Student Writing

From the DC Comics, TV shows, and the recent movie Suicide Squad, everyone knows Harleen Quinzel, aka Harley Quinn. Harley Quinn started out working at a Gotham Hospital then as a psychiatrist at Arkham Asylum. While working at Arkham she met the Clown Prince of Crime, the Joker. She instantly fell in love with the Joker breaking him out of Arkham Asylum. Harleen then changes her name to Harley Quinn and goes to the chemical plant that changed the Joker’s appearance and changes hers. With a new name and the infamous Joker at her side, does she gain Histrionic ...


Therapist Experience Treating Female Sexual Assault Survivors, Melinda Irving 2017 University of Southern Maine

Therapist Experience Treating Female Sexual Assault Survivors, Melinda Irving

Thinking Matters

Sexual assault often results in survivors experiencing Post traumatic stress disorder or depression. The phenomena of treating survivors in therapy after a sexual assault, has been researched thoroughly from the view of clients. Qualitative research done from therapists experiences is not as abundant in the literature. Therapists experiences treating female survivors of sexual abuse was explored, using a phenomenological research method. Examining therapist's perspective on providing therapy with survivors, can support other therapists working with women who have survived a sexual assault


Treatment Alternatives To Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: An Evidence-Based Project, Katherine Oberwager 2017 University of Southern Maine

Treatment Alternatives To Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: An Evidence-Based Project, Katherine Oberwager

Thinking Matters

To answer the clinical PICOT question: in adults with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), how does augmenting a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) with N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) compare to monotherapy with an SSRI in terms of symptom severity and to translate this evidence into practice.


Climate Change, Natural Disasters, And Suicide: A Systematic Review, Ans Irfan, Peter LaPuma 2017 George Washington

Climate Change, Natural Disasters, And Suicide: A Systematic Review, Ans Irfan, Peter Lapuma

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background.
Natural disasters are projected to increase due to climate change. Mental health is not a well-researched area in public health, particularly as it relates to environmental health and in the aftermath of natural disasters. The suicide rate is approximately 13 per 100,000 people in the US, nationally. This already high suicide rate warrants researching this area mental health. Understanding the relation between natural disasters and suicide rates might help alleviate human suffering and potentially save lives in the future, in post-disaster settings. This research will further the knowledge of the association between natural disasters and suicide and provide ...


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