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Strengthening In-Service Training And Continuing Education (Ist/Ce) For Frontline Health Workers For Bauchi And Cross River States, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, Aisha Jibril 2019 Population Council

Strengthening In-Service Training And Continuing Education (Ist/Ce) For Frontline Health Workers For Bauchi And Cross River States, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, Aisha Jibril

Reproductive Health

This brief details Council efforts to develop effective, and costed, in-service training and continuing education modules for frontline health workers in Bauchi and Cross River states in Nigeria. This project was funded by WHO to aid the training and development of Nigeria's public health worker sector.


Impacts Of An Opioid Overdose Prevention Intervention Delivered Subsequent To Acute Care, Caleb J. Banta-Green, Phillip O. Coffin, Joseph O. Merrill, Jeanne M. Sears, Chris Dunn, Norbert D. Yanez, multiple additional authors 2019 School of Public Health University of Washington

Impacts Of An Opioid Overdose Prevention Intervention Delivered Subsequent To Acute Care, Caleb J. Banta-Green, Phillip O. Coffin, Joseph O. Merrill, Jeanne M. Sears, Chris Dunn, Norbert D. Yanez, Multiple Additional Authors

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background Opioid overdose is a major and increasing cause of injury and death. There is an urgent need for interventions to reduce overdose events among high-risk persons.

Methods Adults at elevated risk for opioid overdose involving heroin or pharmaceutical opioids who had been cared for in an emergency department (ED) were randomised to overdose education combined with a brief behavioural intervention and take-home naloxone or usual care. Outcomes included: (1) time to first opioid overdose-related event resulting in medical attention or death using competing risks survival analysis; and (2) ED visit and hospitalisation rates, using negative binomial regression and adjusting ...


Population Council's Support For Nigeria's Third National Human Resources For Health Conference And Efforts To Institutionalize Hrh Conferences In Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, Aisha Jibril 2019 Population Council

Population Council's Support For Nigeria's Third National Human Resources For Health Conference And Efforts To Institutionalize Hrh Conferences In Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, Aisha Jibril

Reproductive Health

This project brief describes the Population Council's partnership efforts with public health stakeholders in Nigeria to plan and host a third national conference for provision of necessary and relevant information on critical health issues to health staff and stakeholders throughout Nigeria.


Relative Wealth, Subjective Social Status, And Their Associations With Depression: Cross-Sectional, Population-Based Study In Rural Uganda, Meghan L. Smith, Bernard Kakuhikire, C. Baguma, Justin D. Rasmussen, David Bangsberg, multiple additional authors 2019 Boston University School of Public Health

Relative Wealth, Subjective Social Status, And Their Associations With Depression: Cross-Sectional, Population-Based Study In Rural Uganda, Meghan L. Smith, Bernard Kakuhikire, C. Baguma, Justin D. Rasmussen, David Bangsberg, Multiple Additional Authors

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide, and has been found to be a consistent correlate of socioeconomic status (SES). The relative deprivation hypothesis proposes that one mechanism linking SES to health involves social comparisons, suggesting that relative SES rather than absolute SES is of primary importance in determining health status. Using data from a whole-population sample of 1,620 participants residing in rural southwestern Uganda, we estimated the independent associations between objective and subjective relative wealth and probable depression, as measured by the depression subscale of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCLD). Objective relative wealth was measured by an ...


Gender Differences In Harmful Use Of Alcohol Among Korean Adults, Eunok Park, Yeon Sook Kim 2019 CSUSB

Gender Differences In Harmful Use Of Alcohol Among Korean Adults, Eunok Park, Yeon Sook Kim

Nursing Faculty Publications

Objectives: Harmful alcohol consumption is associated with considerable social and economic damage to individuals and society. Because gender and ethnic background influence alcohol intake differently, examining gender specific factors influencing harmful drinking is necessary. This study investigated gender differences in alcohol consumption, harmful drinking, and the associated factors among Korean adults. Methods: We analyzed the data from the 2012–2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Data from survey participants aged 20–64 years (N = 18,581) were included. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test was used for alcohol dependence, and pooled weights were used. Chisquared tests and multiple ...


Finding The Narrative In Incident Reports, La'eeqa Aslam 2018 The University of San Francisco

Finding The Narrative In Incident Reports, La'eeqa Aslam

Master's Projects and Capstones

The Progress Foundation, as licensed by the state of California and the Community Care Licensing, is required to use incident reports for internal audits and remain in compliance as a health facility. Incident reports are used to record events or accidents that have occurred within an organization. Often times, reports are made, handed off, and given from the residence home to the Community Care Licensing with little to no information of how an incident was managed. The Progress Foundation is working towards tracking information from the incident reports to improve internal management and understand the trends in the reports.

In ...


#Work2bewell Powered By Providence Health & Services, Robin Henderson, Mary Renouf-Hanson 2018 Providence Health & Services

#Work2bewell Powered By Providence Health & Services, Robin Henderson, Mary Renouf-Hanson

Books, Presentations, Posters, Etc.

Improving mental health and emotional well-being is the focus of many community health assessments and prevention efforts. This session will focus on innovative ideas that engage youth and their families where they are—in schools, communities and while seeking healthcare. Learn from healthcare leaders at Bellin Health, Cincinnati Children’s, Providence St Joseph Health and East London NHS Foundation Trust and their community partners as they share their successful efforts to change the conversation with today’s youth.


Practice And Lived Experience Of Menstrual Exiles (Chhaupadi) Among Adolescent Girls In Far Western Nepal. December 2018, Prabisha Amatya, Saruna Ghimire, Karen E. Callahan, Binaya Kumar Baral, Krishna C. Poudel 2018 Pokhara University, Kathmandu, Nepal

Practice And Lived Experience Of Menstrual Exiles (Chhaupadi) Among Adolescent Girls In Far Western Nepal. December 2018, Prabisha Amatya, Saruna Ghimire, Karen E. Callahan, Binaya Kumar Baral, Krishna C. Poudel

Public Health Faculty Publications

Background: Menstrual exile, also known as Chhaupadi, is a tradition of “untouchability” in far-western Nepal. Forbidden from touching other people and objects, women and girls are required to live away from the community, typically in a livestock shed, during menstruation. We assessed the lived experiences of Chhaupadi among Nepalese adolescent girls in the far-western Achham district of Nepal, observed the safety and sanitation of their living spaces during Chhaupadi, and assessed the perceptions of local adult stakeholders towards the practice of Chhaupadi. Methods: We collected data from 107 adolescent girls using a self-administered survey in two local schools in Achham ...


Healthy Food Options At Dollar Discount Stores Are Equivalent In Quality And Lower In Price Compared To Grocery Stores: An Examination In Las Vegas, Nv, Courtney Coughenour, Timothy J. Bungum, M. Nikki Regalado 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Healthy Food Options At Dollar Discount Stores Are Equivalent In Quality And Lower In Price Compared To Grocery Stores: An Examination In Las Vegas, Nv, Courtney Coughenour, Timothy J. Bungum, M. Nikki Regalado

Public Health Faculty Publications

Food deserts indicate limited access to and affordability of healthy foods. One potential mediator is the availability of healthy food in non-traditional outlets such as dollar-discount stores, stores selling produce at the fixed $1 price. The purpose of this study was to compare availability, quality, price differences in ‘healthier’ versus ‘regular’ food choices, price per each food item, and summary score in dollar-discount stores to grocery stores in Las Vegas using the NEMS-S; a protocol consisting of three subscores—availability, quality, price of healthier versus regular food, and a summary score. [...] see article for full abstract


"Integrated Science 3002a: Big Bike Giveaway: Changing London's Environment, Health, And Economy One Bike At A Time", Jermiah Joseph, Katelyn Melo, Devanshi Shukla, Tony Nguyen, Katherine Teeter 2018 Western University

"Integrated Science 3002a: Big Bike Giveaway: Changing London's Environment, Health, And Economy One Bike At A Time", Jermiah Joseph, Katelyn Melo, Devanshi Shukla, Tony Nguyen, Katherine Teeter

Community Engaged Learning Final Projects

There are significant benefits that manifest when an individual chooses to ride a bicycle as their primary mode of transportation. To investigate these benefits, the environmental, health, economic, and social impacts of biking were evaluated through research and data analyses. This revealed that numerous advantages can be obtained at an individual and local scale through citizens choosing to adopt a biking lifestyle. However, it was found that many Londoners are deterred from biking due to poor biking infrastructure. This paper calls into question the current cycling framework in London and it’s limitations on achieving the numerous benefits that biking ...


An Evaluation Of Implementing Trauma-Informed Care Training In Healthcare Settings, Amanda Kis 2018 University of Nebraska Medical Center

An Evaluation Of Implementing Trauma-Informed Care Training In Healthcare Settings, Amanda Kis

Capstone Experience

Background: Trauma-informed care (TIC) has recently become a popular topic in medical science. Many patients’ health conditions have been diagnosed and treated purely as medical issues, yet emerging research indicates that trauma is sometimes the source of many physical and mental conditions. Implementing TIC education in healthcare systems may lead to preventing the onset of symptomology related to undiagnosed, chronic trauma experience.

Objectives: The primary goal of this Capstone project was to implement TIC training developed by Trauma Matters Omaha Coalition and assess preliminary evidence for changes in participants’ confidence, clinical knowledge, professional knowledge, self-awareness, and assumptions and biases regarding ...


The Effects Of Reentry Programs On Healthcare Accessibility And Resulting Emergency Department Strain By Ex-Inmates: An Integrative Literature Review, Kaitlyn Muratori 2018 DePaul University

The Effects Of Reentry Programs On Healthcare Accessibility And Resulting Emergency Department Strain By Ex-Inmates: An Integrative Literature Review, Kaitlyn Muratori

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

THE EFFECTS OF REENTRY PROGRAMS ON HEALTHCARE ACCESSIBILITY AND RESULTING EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT STRAIN BY EX-INMATES

Kaitlyn Muratori

Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Christina Lattner

Background: Ex-inmates are significantly more likely to use emergency rooms to seek treatment for substance abuse, mental health disorders, or poor management of chronic conditions which, if not treated on a community level, ultimately contributes to overboarding in the emergency department.

Objectives: The purpose of this literature review is to use current research to examine the relationship between reentry programs across the US and healthcare accessibility, as well as the resulting strain of emergency room misuse by ex-inmates ...


Project Resilience: A Community-Based Resilience Initiative To Engage Rural Adolescents Towards Healthy Functioning, Anthony J. Hill, Joshua Kirven 2018 Winthrop University

Project Resilience: A Community-Based Resilience Initiative To Engage Rural Adolescents Towards Healthy Functioning, Anthony J. Hill, Joshua Kirven

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Project Resilience: A community-based Resilience Initiative to engage rural adolescents towards healthy functioning

Project Resilience, a community-based resilience initiative was developed to address public concern. In the first part of the year of 2012 in a rural Mid-Atlantic state, eight adolescents and young adults died by suicide. Concerned public officials asked the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to assist with the epidemiologic investigation of these deaths. Mental health problems were found to be a significant contributing factor to the fatal suicide attempts. The scope of this paper will explore the potential influence of rural stress, trauma and violence ...


The Critical Need For Mental Health Education To Be Mandated In New Mexico's Public Schools, Bonnie L. Murphy 2018 University of New Mexico

The Critical Need For Mental Health Education To Be Mandated In New Mexico's Public Schools, Bonnie L. Murphy

Shared Knowledge Conference

Based on a review of research and best practices in mental health awareness and skills, this inquiry project argues for state legislative policies that would require mental health awareness and skills in the K-12 curriculum. Mental health affects individual accomplishments in every stage of people’s lives beginning in early childhood and throughout the life cycle. Prevention and treatment of mental illness plays a key role in the ability of an individual to cope with loss and develop resiliency and perseverance in challenging times and to make better decisions that improve the individual’s life and the lives of those ...


The Life She Deserves: Medical Marijuana In The United States, John Hudak, George Burroughs, Maritza Bermudez 2018 The Brookings Institution

The Life She Deserves: Medical Marijuana In The United States, John Hudak, George Burroughs, Maritza Bermudez

Lectures/Events (BMW)

Brookings Mountain West offered an event titled, "The Life She Deserves: Medical Marijuana in the United States on Monday, November 5, 2018. This event featured a viewing of the film, and was followed by a panel discussion with John Hudak, George Burroughs, and Maritza Bermudez. “The Life She Deserves” is an intimate portrait of Jennifer Collins and her family’s struggle to find a treatment to control her debilitating epilepsy. Because her legal pharmaceutical treatments cause severe side effects, Jennifer and her mother move across the country to access medical marijuana. The therapy provides Jennifer and her family with the ...


Building Connected Communities: Improving Supports To Reduce Loneliness And Social Isolation In Immigrants 65+, Sirena Liladrie, Thomas Howe, Laura Yang 2018 Sheridan College

Building Connected Communities: Improving Supports To Reduce Loneliness And Social Isolation In Immigrants 65+, Sirena Liladrie, Thomas Howe, Laura Yang

Sheridan Creates

The Centre for Elder Research launched a three-year study in 2015 to create strategies to more effectively serve immigrants age 65+ who are at risk of experiencing social isolation and/or loneliness. The presentation will focus on the key outcomes of the study and showcase community asset mapping


Determinants Of Uncontrolled Hypertension In Rural Communities In South Asia-Bangladesh, Pakistan, And Sri Lanka, Tazeen Jafar, Mihir Gandhi, Imtiaz Jehan, Aliya Naheed, H Asita de Silva, Hunaina Shahab, Dewan Alam, Nathasha Luke, Ching Wee Lim Wee Lim, COBRA-BPS Study Group 2018 Program in Health Services & Systems Research, Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore

Determinants Of Uncontrolled Hypertension In Rural Communities In South Asia-Bangladesh, Pakistan, And Sri Lanka, Tazeen Jafar, Mihir Gandhi, Imtiaz Jehan, Aliya Naheed, H Asita De Silva, Hunaina Shahab, Dewan Alam, Nathasha Luke, Ching Wee Lim Wee Lim, Cobra-Bps Study Group

Community Health Sciences

Background: Uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) is a leading risk factor for death and disability in South Asia. We aimed to determine the cross-country variation, and the factors associated with uncontrolled BP among adults treated for hypertension in rural South Asia.
Methods: We enrolled 1718 individuals aged ≥40 years treated for hypertension in a cross-sectional study from rural communities in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Multivariable logistic regression model was used to determine the factors associated with uncontrolledBP (systolic BP ≥140 mmHg or diastolic BP ≥90 mmHg).
Results: Among hypertensive individuals, 58.0% (95% confidence interval 55.7, 60.4) had ...


Las Perspectivas De Los Trabajadores Sobre La Accesibilidad A Los Recursos Públicos Para El Tratamiento De Depresión Y Ansiedad En La Actualidad En El Área Metropolitana De Buenos Aires: Estudio Cualitativo De Tipo Exploratorio-Descriptivo. / Perspectives Of Workers On The Accessibility Of Public Resources For The Treatment Of Depression And Anxiety In The Metropolitan Area Of Buenos Aires: Qualitative Exploratory-Descriptive Study., Ellen Broaddus 2018 SIT Study Abroad

Las Perspectivas De Los Trabajadores Sobre La Accesibilidad A Los Recursos Públicos Para El Tratamiento De Depresión Y Ansiedad En La Actualidad En El Área Metropolitana De Buenos Aires: Estudio Cualitativo De Tipo Exploratorio-Descriptivo. / Perspectives Of Workers On The Accessibility Of Public Resources For The Treatment Of Depression And Anxiety In The Metropolitan Area Of Buenos Aires: Qualitative Exploratory-Descriptive Study., Ellen Broaddus

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

En los últimos años, el tema de la salud mental se ha convertido en un elemento fundamental para la salud y el bienestar. Con la ley nacional 26.657 de 2010, Argentina declaró que todos tendrían servicios de salud mental gratuitos y accesibles y que no serían discriminados por sus trastornos. Sin embargo, los trastornos mentales, especialmente la depresión y la ansiedad, siguen siendo muy frecuentes, y en realidad muchos de los recursos públicos prometidos no son en realidad accesibles. Para investigar el estado actual de la salud mental pública, esta investigación buscó en los profesionales del campo para explorar ...


How The Misunderstanding That Heroin Addiction Is A Choice And The Stigma Surrounding Medication-Assisted Treatment Leads To More Overdose Deaths, Margaret M. Drew 2018 Gettysburg College

How The Misunderstanding That Heroin Addiction Is A Choice And The Stigma Surrounding Medication-Assisted Treatment Leads To More Overdose Deaths, Margaret M. Drew

Student Publications

Heroin is an opioid that commonly appears as white or brown powder. Eventually a person can become physically dependent on heroin, meaning the body begins to expect the drug. A sudden withdrawal from the drug can cause intense symptoms such as vomiting, muscle pain, and cravings, often leading to relapse (Shannon, p. 172). Although the initial decision to try heroin may be up to the addict, due to the dependence one develops when using heroin, addiction eventually morphs into an involuntary compulsion. There are many factors out of an individual’s control that influence their likelihood of trying heroin and ...


Internalized Hiv Stigma, Art Initiation And Hiv-1 Rna Suppression In South Africa: Exploring Avoidant Coping As A Longitudinal Mediator, Valerie A. Earnshaw, Laura M. Bogart, Jean-Philippe Laurenceau, Brian T. Chan, Brendan G. Maughan-Brown, Janan Dietrich, Ingrid Courtney, Gugu Tshabalala, Catherine Orrell, Glenda E. Gray, David Bangsberg, Ingrid T. Katz 2018 University of Delaware

Internalized Hiv Stigma, Art Initiation And Hiv-1 Rna Suppression In South Africa: Exploring Avoidant Coping As A Longitudinal Mediator, Valerie A. Earnshaw, Laura M. Bogart, Jean-Philippe Laurenceau, Brian T. Chan, Brendan G. Maughan-Brown, Janan Dietrich, Ingrid Courtney, Gugu Tshabalala, Catherine Orrell, Glenda E. Gray, David Bangsberg, Ingrid T. Katz

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

Introduction: Cross‐sectional evidence suggests that internalized HIV stigma is associated with lower likelihoods of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation and HIV‐1 RNA suppression among people living with HIV (PLWH). This study examined these associations with longitudinal data spanning the first nine months following HIV diagnosis and explored whether avoidant coping mediates these associations.

Methods: Longitudinal data were collected from 398 South African PLWH recruited from testing centres in 2014 to 2015. Self‐report data, including internalized stigma and avoidant coping (denying and distracting oneself from stressors), were collected one week and three months following HIV diagnosis. ART initiation at ...


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