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Creating A Taxonomy Of Local Boards Of Health Based On Local Health Departments’ Perspectives, Gulzar H. Shah, Sergey Sotnikov, Carolyn J. Leep, Jiali Ye, Timothy W. Van-Wave 2019 Georgia Southern University

Creating A Taxonomy Of Local Boards Of Health Based On Local Health Departments’ Perspectives, Gulzar H. Shah, Sergey Sotnikov, Carolyn J. Leep, Jiali Ye, Timothy W. Van-Wave

Gulzar H. Shah

Objectives: To develop an LBoH classification scheme and empirical definitions to provide a coherent framework for describing variation in the LBoHs.

Data and Methods: This study is based on data from the 2015 Local Board of Health Survey, conducted among a nationally representative sample of LHD administrators, with 394 responses. The classification development consisted of the following steps: (a) theoretically guided initial domain development, (b) mapping of the survey variables to the proposed domains, (c) data reduction using principal component analysis and group consensus, and (d) scale development and testing for internal consistency.

Results: The final classification scheme included 60 ...


Lhds Increase Their Use Of Ebdm Practices From 2010 To 2013, Kay A. Lovelace, Gulzar H. Shah, Carolyn J. Leep, Robert Aronson 2019 University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Lhds Increase Their Use Of Ebdm Practices From 2010 To 2013, Kay A. Lovelace, Gulzar H. Shah, Carolyn J. Leep, Robert Aronson

Gulzar H. Shah

Background: An evidence-based approach is needed to effectively address the gap between population health goals in the United States and current morbidity and mortality rates. Recently, the authors developed an index to allow researchers to assess the frequency of evidence-based decision making (EBDM) practice in LHDs. The first descriptive analysis was conducted with data from the NACCHO 2010 Profile Study of Local Health Departments (LHDs). The current research was designed to assess changes in the percentage of LHDs using EBDM practices from 2010 to 2013.

Research Objective: To identify changes in the frequency with which LHDs carried out EBDM practices ...


Developing Core Capabilities For Local Health Departments To Engage In Land Use And Transportation Decision Making For Active Transportation, Stephenie C. Lemon, Karin V. Goins, Meera Sreedhara, Mariana Arcaya, Semra A. Aytur, Katie Heinrich, Bridget Kerner, Rodney Lyn, Jay E. Maddock, Robin Riessman, Thomas L. Schmid 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Developing Core Capabilities For Local Health Departments To Engage In Land Use And Transportation Decision Making For Active Transportation, Stephenie C. Lemon, Karin V. Goins, Meera Sreedhara, Mariana Arcaya, Semra A. Aytur, Katie Heinrich, Bridget Kerner, Rodney Lyn, Jay E. Maddock, Robin Riessman, Thomas L. Schmid

UMass Worcester PRC Publications

OBJECTIVE: To develop a core set of capabilities and tasks for local health departments (LHDs) to engage in land use and transportation policy processes that promote active transportation.

DESIGN: We conducted a 3-phase modified Delphi study from 2015 to 2017.

SETTING: We recruited a multidisciplinary national expert panel for key informant interviews by telephone and completion of a 2-step online validation process.

PARTICIPANTS: The panel consisted of 58 individuals with expertise in local transportation and policy processes, as well as experience in cross-sector collaboration with public health. Participants represented the disciplines of land use planning, transportation/public works, public health ...


Cyberbullying And Self-Perceptions Of Students Associated With Their Academic Performance, Maham Muzamil, Gulzar H. Shah 2019 University of Lahore

Cyberbullying And Self-Perceptions Of Students Associated With Their Academic Performance, Maham Muzamil, Gulzar H. Shah

Gulzar H. Shah

The aim of this study is to explore the factors influencing students’ academic achievements in secondary school level (grades 09 and 10). Those factors include students’ self-reported psychological and issues (e.g. being bullied through social media) as well as socioeconomic status. Study participants included610 students at senior secondary level (237 male and 363 female) randomly selected from ten different government schools. The schools were randomly selected from the lists provided by their respective Education District Officer (EDO). The data were collected by researchers with the help of teachers. Participants’ were offered as incentives a drawing for a gift certificate ...


The Impact Of A Fruit And Vegetable Farmers' Market Voucher Prescription Program On A Low-Income Rural Population, Kevin Anthony Richie 2019 University of Kentucky

The Impact Of A Fruit And Vegetable Farmers' Market Voucher Prescription Program On A Low-Income Rural Population, Kevin Anthony Richie

Theses and Dissertations--Dietetics and Human Nutrition

Objective: Measures the impact of the Farmers’ Market Voucher program on weight, body mass index, waist circumference, during the 2016 summer on a rural, low-income population residing in Appalachian Kentucky.

Background: Rural communities often have limited access to fresh fruits and vegetables (FV) which contributes to low levels of consumption. FV are calorie poor, nutrient dense and are inversely associated with inflammation markers, obesity, hypertension, and high blood glucose levels. Appalachian rural communities have a higher prevalence of obesity, diabetes, strokes, and death by heart attack when compared to the U.S. Farmers’ markets

Methods: Pre-experimental intervention design examining FV ...


How To Address Tobacco Use In Minnesota's Mental Health And Substance Use Disorder Services: Tips From The Field, Meghan Bown, Jamie Andycha, Sophie Burnevik, Ruth Tripp, American Lung Association, Blue Cross Blue Shield, Leadership Academy Collaborative 2019 CentraCare Health

How To Address Tobacco Use In Minnesota's Mental Health And Substance Use Disorder Services: Tips From The Field, Meghan Bown, Jamie Andycha, Sophie Burnevik, Ruth Tripp, American Lung Association, Blue Cross Blue Shield, Leadership Academy Collaborative

Articles

The American Lung Association, Upper Midwest Region, developed and facilitates the Leadership Academy Collaborative, bringing together various health care stakeholders in Minnesota to collaborate on a shared vision to reduce commercial tobacco use among people living with mental illness and/or substance use disorders. The following areas were identified as strategies that would benefit from further collective action: social norms, delivery, policy


The Equality Toolkit: Practical Skills For Lgbtq And Dsd-Affected Patient Care, Laura Weingartner, Emily Noonan, Amy Holthouser, Jennifer Potter, Stacie Steinbock, Suzanne Kingery, Susan Sawning 2019 University of Louisville

The Equality Toolkit: Practical Skills For Lgbtq And Dsd-Affected Patient Care, Laura Weingartner, Emily Noonan, Amy Holthouser, Jennifer Potter, Stacie Steinbock, Suzanne Kingery, Susan Sawning

Undergraduate Medical Education

The eQuality Toolkit is a training manual that helps healthcare providers build a foundation of inclusive clinical skills to competently care for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer-identified (LGBTQ) patients and individuals born with differences of sex development (DSD). Although this toolkit was designed for medical students, any healthcare provider who wants to learn inclusive clinical skills can benefit from this accessible, brief primer through its actionable steps to improve clinical care.


An Analysis And Critique Of Mental Health Treatment In American State Prisons And Proposal For Improved Care, Shelby Hayne 2019 Claremont Colleges

An Analysis And Critique Of Mental Health Treatment In American State Prisons And Proposal For Improved Care, Shelby Hayne

Scripps Senior Theses

Mental health treatment in state prisons is revealed to be highly variable, under-funded, and systematically inadequate. Existing literature exposes this injustice but fails to provide a comprehensive proposal for reform. This paper attempts to fill that gap, outlining a cost-effective, evidence-based treatment proposal, directly addressing the deficits in care revealed through analysis of our current system. In addition, this paper provides historical overviews of the prison system and mental health treatment, utilizing theoretical perspectives to contextualize this proposal in the present state of affairs. Lastly, the evidence is provided to emphasize the potential economic and social benefits of improving mental ...


Gender Differences In Harmful Use Of Alcohol Among Korean Adults, Eunok Park, Yeon Sook Kim 2019 CSUSB

Gender Differences In Harmful Use Of Alcohol Among Korean Adults, Eunok Park, Yeon Sook Kim

Nursing Faculty Publications

Objectives: Harmful alcohol consumption is associated with considerable social and economic damage to individuals and society. Because gender and ethnic background influence alcohol intake differently, examining gender specific factors influencing harmful drinking is necessary. This study investigated gender differences in alcohol consumption, harmful drinking, and the associated factors among Korean adults. Methods: We analyzed the data from the 2012–2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Data from survey participants aged 20–64 years (N = 18,581) were included. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test was used for alcohol dependence, and pooled weights were used. Chisquared tests and multiple ...


Relative Wealth, Subjective Social Status, And Their Associations With Depression: Cross-Sectional, Population-Based Study In Rural Uganda, Meghan L. Smith, Bernard Kakuhikire, C. Baguma, Justin D. Rasmussen, David Bangsberg, + 2019 Boston University School of Public Health

Relative Wealth, Subjective Social Status, And Their Associations With Depression: Cross-Sectional, Population-Based Study In Rural Uganda, Meghan L. Smith, Bernard Kakuhikire, C. Baguma, Justin D. Rasmussen, David Bangsberg, +

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide, and has been found to be a consistent correlate of socioeconomic status (SES). The relative deprivation hypothesis proposes that one mechanism linking SES to health involves social comparisons, suggesting that relative SES rather than absolute SES is of primary importance in determining health status. Using data from a whole-population sample of 1,620 participants residing in rural southwestern Uganda, we estimated the independent associations between objective and subjective relative wealth and probable depression, as measured by the depression subscale of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCLD). Objective relative wealth was measured by an ...


Equalization Of Four Cardiovascular Risk Algorithms After Systematic Recalibration: Individual-Participant Meta-Analysis Of 86 Prospective Studies, Lisa Pennells, Stephen Kaptoge, Angela Wood, Mike Sweeting, Xinghui Zhao, Carlos J. Crespo, + 2019 University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Equalization Of Four Cardiovascular Risk Algorithms After Systematic Recalibration: Individual-Participant Meta-Analysis Of 86 Prospective Studies, Lisa Pennells, Stephen Kaptoge, Angela Wood, Mike Sweeting, Xinghui Zhao, Carlos J. Crespo, +

Community Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

Aims: There is debate about the optimum algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk estimation. We conducted head-to-head comparisons of four algorithms recommended by primary prevention guidelines, before and after ‘recalibration’, a method that adapts risk algorithms to take account of differences in the risk characteristics of the populations being studied.

Methods and results: Using individual-participant data on 360 737 participants without CVD at baseline in 86 prospective studies from 22 countries, we compared the Framingham risk score (FRS), Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE), pooled cohort equations (PCE), and Reynolds risk score (RRS). We calculated measures of risk discrimination and calibration ...


Impacts Of An Opioid Overdose Prevention Intervention Delivered Subsequent To Acute Care, Caleb J. Banta-Green, Phillip O. Coffin, Joseph O. Merrill, Jeanne M. Sears, Chris Dunn, Norbert D. Yanez, + 2019 School of Public Health University of Washington

Impacts Of An Opioid Overdose Prevention Intervention Delivered Subsequent To Acute Care, Caleb J. Banta-Green, Phillip O. Coffin, Joseph O. Merrill, Jeanne M. Sears, Chris Dunn, Norbert D. Yanez, +

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background Opioid overdose is a major and increasing cause of injury and death. There is an urgent need for interventions to reduce overdose events among high-risk persons.

Methods Adults at elevated risk for opioid overdose involving heroin or pharmaceutical opioids who had been cared for in an emergency department (ED) were randomised to overdose education combined with a brief behavioural intervention and take-home naloxone or usual care. Outcomes included: (1) time to first opioid overdose-related event resulting in medical attention or death using competing risks survival analysis; and (2) ED visit and hospitalisation rates, using negative binomial regression and adjusting ...


Exploring The Extent Of The Hikikomori Phenomenon On Twitter: Mixed Methods Study Of Western Language Tweets, Pereira-Sanchez, Miguel Angel Alvarez-Mon, Angel Asunsolo del Barco, Melchor Alvarez-Mon, Alan R. Teo 2019 Clinica Universidad de Navarra

Exploring The Extent Of The Hikikomori Phenomenon On Twitter: Mixed Methods Study Of Western Language Tweets, Pereira-Sanchez, Miguel Angel Alvarez-Mon, Angel Asunsolo Del Barco, Melchor Alvarez-Mon, Alan R. Teo

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Hikikomori is a severe form of social withdrawal, originally described in Japan but recently reported in other countries. Debate exists as to what extent hikikomori is viewed as a problem outside of the Japanese context. Objective: We aimed to explore perceptions about hikikomori outside Japan by analyzing Western language content from the popular social media platform, Twitter. Methods: We conducted a mixed methods analysis of all publicly available tweets using the hashtag #hikikomori between February 1 and August 16, 2018, in 5 Western languages (Catalan, English, French, Italian, and Spanish). Tweets were first classified as to whether they described ...


Population Council's Support For Nigeria's Third National Human Resources For Health Conference And Efforts To Institutionalize Hrh Conferences In Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, Aisha Jibril 2019 Population Council

Population Council's Support For Nigeria's Third National Human Resources For Health Conference And Efforts To Institutionalize Hrh Conferences In Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, Aisha Jibril

Reproductive Health

This project brief describes the Population Council's partnership efforts with public health stakeholders in Nigeria to plan and host a third national conference for provision of necessary and relevant information on critical health issues to health staff and stakeholders throughout Nigeria.


Strengthening In-Service Training And Continuing Education (Ist/Ce) For Frontline Health Workers For Bauchi And Cross River States, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, Aisha Jibril 2019 Population Council

Strengthening In-Service Training And Continuing Education (Ist/Ce) For Frontline Health Workers For Bauchi And Cross River States, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, Aisha Jibril

Reproductive Health

This brief details Council efforts to develop effective, and costed, in-service training and continuing education modules for frontline health workers in Bauchi and Cross River states in Nigeria. This project was funded by WHO to aid the training and development of Nigeria's public health worker sector.


Social Health And A Healthy Social Life Based On Wisdom And Intellectuality, Alireza Atarodi, Meisam Dastani, Ahmadreza Atarodi 2019 Gonabad University of Medical Sciences

Social Health And A Healthy Social Life Based On Wisdom And Intellectuality, Alireza Atarodi, Meisam Dastani, Ahmadreza Atarodi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Introduction:

Human kinds are social animals, and are pleased living together pleasantly and positively in mental and physical forms. Without positive living and to live in challenges and clashes is bad and catastrophic, but what’s the way out? One of the way that seems not so costly, with no war and seems that can direct and put the world in peace or in a good running order will be wisdom and intellectuality transfused by many scientific centers and the wise men, then we intended to survey the social health and a healthy social life based on wisdom and intellectual ...


Finding The Narrative In Incident Reports, La'eeqa Aslam 2018 The University of San Francisco

Finding The Narrative In Incident Reports, La'eeqa Aslam

Master's Projects and Capstones

The Progress Foundation, as licensed by the state of California and the Community Care Licensing, is required to use incident reports for internal audits and remain in compliance as a health facility. Incident reports are used to record events or accidents that have occurred within an organization. Often times, reports are made, handed off, and given from the residence home to the Community Care Licensing with little to no information of how an incident was managed. The Progress Foundation is working towards tracking information from the incident reports to improve internal management and understand the trends in the reports.

In ...


#Work2bewell Powered By Providence Health & Services, Robin Henderson, Mary Renouf-Hanson 2018 Providence Health & Services

#Work2bewell Powered By Providence Health & Services, Robin Henderson, Mary Renouf-Hanson

Books, Presentations, Posters, Etc.

Improving mental health and emotional well-being is the focus of many community health assessments and prevention efforts. This session will focus on innovative ideas that engage youth and their families where they are—in schools, communities and while seeking healthcare. Learn from healthcare leaders at Bellin Health, Cincinnati Children’s, Providence St Joseph Health and East London NHS Foundation Trust and their community partners as they share their successful efforts to change the conversation with today’s youth.


Practice And Lived Experience Of Menstrual Exiles (Chhaupadi) Among Adolescent Girls In Far Western Nepal. December 2018, Prabisha Amatya, Saruna Ghimire, Karen E. Callahan, Binaya Kumar Baral, Krishna C. Poudel 2018 Pokhara University, Kathmandu, Nepal

Practice And Lived Experience Of Menstrual Exiles (Chhaupadi) Among Adolescent Girls In Far Western Nepal. December 2018, Prabisha Amatya, Saruna Ghimire, Karen E. Callahan, Binaya Kumar Baral, Krishna C. Poudel

Public Health Faculty Publications

Background: Menstrual exile, also known as Chhaupadi, is a tradition of “untouchability” in far-western Nepal. Forbidden from touching other people and objects, women and girls are required to live away from the community, typically in a livestock shed, during menstruation. We assessed the lived experiences of Chhaupadi among Nepalese adolescent girls in the far-western Achham district of Nepal, observed the safety and sanitation of their living spaces during Chhaupadi, and assessed the perceptions of local adult stakeholders towards the practice of Chhaupadi. Methods: We collected data from 107 adolescent girls using a self-administered survey in two local schools in Achham ...


Healthy Food Options At Dollar Discount Stores Are Equivalent In Quality And Lower In Price Compared To Grocery Stores: An Examination In Las Vegas, Nv, Courtney Coughenour, Timothy J. Bungum, M. Nikki Regalado 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Healthy Food Options At Dollar Discount Stores Are Equivalent In Quality And Lower In Price Compared To Grocery Stores: An Examination In Las Vegas, Nv, Courtney Coughenour, Timothy J. Bungum, M. Nikki Regalado

Public Health Faculty Publications

Food deserts indicate limited access to and affordability of healthy foods. One potential mediator is the availability of healthy food in non-traditional outlets such as dollar-discount stores, stores selling produce at the fixed $1 price. The purpose of this study was to compare availability, quality, price differences in ‘healthier’ versus ‘regular’ food choices, price per each food item, and summary score in dollar-discount stores to grocery stores in Las Vegas using the NEMS-S; a protocol consisting of three subscores—availability, quality, price of healthier versus regular food, and a summary score. [...] see article for full abstract


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