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College Students, Experiences On Smart Phone Technology Usage: A Qualitative Content Analysis Study, fatemeh jafarzadeh-kenarsari, parand pourghane 2017 Medical Education Research Center (MERC), Education Development Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

College Students, Experiences On Smart Phone Technology Usage: A Qualitative Content Analysis Study, Fatemeh Jafarzadeh-Kenarsari, Parand Pourghane

The Qualitative Report

Besides many benefits of the cell phone technology, numerous arguments are raised on the different and important negative effects of such a technology. This qualitative content analysis study explored the common usages of smart phone technology, its challenges, and benefits among Iranian college students. Participants were 32 bachelor degree students who were recruited using purposive sampling method with maximum variation. Data were collected through 11 individual semi-structured interviews and 3 focus group discussions (5-8 students in each group). Data analysis was done based on a conventional content analysis approach. Data analysis resulted in 3 main themes and 12 sub-themes. The ...


Using Photovoice In Pete Programs To Initiate Positive Change, Gavin T. Colquitt, Jody Langdon, Tony A. Pritchard, Starla McCollum 2017 Georgia Southern University

Using Photovoice In Pete Programs To Initiate Positive Change, Gavin T. Colquitt, Jody Langdon, Tony A. Pritchard, Starla Mccollum

Gavin T. Colquitt

The purpose of this presentation will be to provide teacher educators with an overview of the Photovoice methodology and its potential utility in curricular change. The National Association for Sport and Physical Education’s ([NASPE], 2008) PETE standards state educators should allow diversity to drive instructional related decision-making. Photovoice, a participatory action research methodology, is a tool teacher educators can use to be responsive to the continuously changing contexts of public schools.


Tailoring A Physical Activity Promotion Program For A Rural Area, Gavin Colquitt, Moya L. Alfonso, Ashley Walker, Vanessa Dunmore 2017 Georgia Southern University

Tailoring A Physical Activity Promotion Program For A Rural Area, Gavin Colquitt, Moya L. Alfonso, Ashley Walker, Vanessa Dunmore

Gavin T. Colquitt

Background/Purpose: VERBTM Summer Scorecard (VSS) has used social marketing to successfully promote physical activity for urban and suburban youth. The purpose of this study was to adapt the program to meet the needs of a minority, rural population. Method: Qualitative marketing research methods including focus groups were used to gather data from parents (N = 12) and their children (N =12) in April 2012. A structured, open-ended focus group guide was developed specific to parents and youth and based on the social marketing framework. Marketing topics covered included Product, Price, Place and Promotion. Attention was given to testing two previously ...


“It All Goes Back To The Services”: A Rural/Urban Comparison Of Service Providers’ Perceptions Of Challenges And Facilitators To Disability Services, Moya L. Alfonso, Ashley D. Walker, Akrati Gupta, Joseph Telfair, Gavin T. Colquitt 2017 Georgia Southern University

“It All Goes Back To The Services”: A Rural/Urban Comparison Of Service Providers’ Perceptions Of Challenges And Facilitators To Disability Services, Moya L. Alfonso, Ashley D. Walker, Akrati Gupta, Joseph Telfair, Gavin T. Colquitt

Gavin T. Colquitt

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore rural/urban differences in service providers’ perceptions of challenges and facilitators to services for children with special health care needs (CSHN) and their families in southeast Georgia. Methodology: A total of 23 individual interviews were conducted with service providers in one rural county in southeast Georgia (N = 12) and in one urban county in north central Georgia (N = 11). Interviews were based on the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs 2009-2010 survey. All interviews were audio recorded, transcribed and coded with the intent of identifying themes and illustrative ...


Urban Versus Rural Differences In Insurance Coverage And Impact On Employment Among Families Caring For A Child With Cerebral Palsy, Braydon Schaible, Gavin Colquitt, Li Li, Manuela Caciula, Noelle G. Moreau 2017 Georgia Southern University

Urban Versus Rural Differences In Insurance Coverage And Impact On Employment Among Families Caring For A Child With Cerebral Palsy, Braydon Schaible, Gavin Colquitt, Li Li, Manuela Caciula, Noelle G. Moreau

Gavin T. Colquitt

Background: The purpose of this study was to examine urban vs. rural differences on the relationship between family contextual variables and adequacy of insurance coverage and impact on employment for among families with a child with Cerebral Palsy from a nationally representative sample.

Methods: A retrospective, observational study was carried out using data from the National Survey of Children with Special Healthcare Needs.

Results: A total of 744 participants reported as having a child with a diagnosis of Cerebral Palsy and were included in the sample. Logistic regression analyses, adjusting for urban and rural setting revealed different predictors of adequacy ...


Adapting A Physical Activity Intervention For Youth In A Rural Area: A Case Study, Moya L. Alfonso, Gavin T. Colquitt, Ashley D. Walker, Akrati Gupta 2017 Georgia Southern Universtiy

Adapting A Physical Activity Intervention For Youth In A Rural Area: A Case Study, Moya L. Alfonso, Gavin T. Colquitt, Ashley D. Walker, Akrati Gupta

Gavin T. Colquitt

Background: Physical activity offers children and youth many well-documented positive effects on health. The present study adapted a community-based prevention marketing campaign (CBPM), VERBTM Summer Scorecard (VSS) to promote physical activity among minority youth in rural, southeast Georgia. The purpose of this paper is to describe the adaptation process, emphasizing methods used and lessons learned. Methods: A qualitative study design was used to identify social marketing concepts that informed program adaptation, including two focus groups with 12 children and two focus groups with 14 parents. Qualitative thematic data analysis was used to analyze formative research. The adapted program was implemented ...


The Determinants Of Strength Training In Rural Women, Ages 20-44 Years: A Qualitative Study, Dziyana Nazaruk, Stuart H. Tedders, Moya L. Alfonso, Robert Vogel 2017 Georgia Southern University

The Determinants Of Strength Training In Rural Women, Ages 20-44 Years: A Qualitative Study, Dziyana Nazaruk, Stuart H. Tedders, Moya L. Alfonso, Robert Vogel

Robert L. Vogel

Despite multiple health benefits of strength training, it is reported that only 14.7% of American women engage in the recommended amount of physical activity. Whereas the potential negative consequences of not exercising are well documented, there is a scarcity of literature that investigates the determinants of strength training in rural women. In-depth interviews were utilized to identify the perceptions, knowledge, motivation, and skills regarding strength training. Fifteen women from four target counties participated in this qualitative study. The study was guided by Self-determination Theory. Results indicated that factors such as the lack of knowledge about strength training, the lack ...


The Determinants Of Strength Training In Rural Women, Ages 20-44 Years: A Qualitative Study, Dziyana Nazaruk, Stuart H. Tedders, Moya L. Alfonso, Robert Vogel 2017 Georgia Southern University

The Determinants Of Strength Training In Rural Women, Ages 20-44 Years: A Qualitative Study, Dziyana Nazaruk, Stuart H. Tedders, Moya L. Alfonso, Robert Vogel

Stuart H. Tedders

Despite multiple health benefits of strength training, it is reported that only 14.7% of American women engage in the recommended amount of physical activity. Whereas the potential negative consequences of not exercising are well documented, there is a scarcity of literature that investigates the determinants of strength training in rural women. In-depth interviews were utilized to identify the perceptions, knowledge, motivation, and skills regarding strength training. Fifteen women from four target counties participated in this qualitative study. The study was guided by Self-determination Theory. Results indicated that factors such as the lack of knowledge about strength training, the lack ...


Fulfilling Community Health Assessment Requirements: Lessons Learned From Facilitating State-Wide Community Health Forums, Ashley D. Walker, Angela Peden, Stuart H. Tedders, John S. Barron, Aaron Jackson, Nicholas Williams, Bethrand Ugwu 2017 Georgia Southern University

Fulfilling Community Health Assessment Requirements: Lessons Learned From Facilitating State-Wide Community Health Forums, Ashley D. Walker, Angela Peden, Stuart H. Tedders, John S. Barron, Aaron Jackson, Nicholas Williams, Bethrand Ugwu

Stuart H. Tedders

Background: A prerequisite for National Public Health Accreditation is completion of a Community Health Assessment (CHA) that presents an exhaustive profile of the population served by a particular public health agency. Methods: The Georgia Department of Public Health (GA DPH) contracted with the Center for Public Health Practice and Research at Georgia Southern University to facilitate five state-wide community health forums. Results: Evaluation of the forums yielded qualitative data illustrating current challenges faced by Georgians, as well as assets that could be leveraged to improve health status. Conclusion: Lessons learned from these state-wide community health forums can be applied to ...


Adversity And Academic Performance Among Adolescent Youth: A Community-Based Participatory Research Study, Sukhdip Purewal Boparai, Tiffani Marie, Eduardo Aguayo, Jordan Brooks, Estefany Juarez, Sheana Soriano, Alasia Waters, Jaquez Donaldson, Joseph Reagans, Gracee Anguiano, Allison Ipsen 2017 Center for Youth Wellness

Adversity And Academic Performance Among Adolescent Youth: A Community-Based Participatory Research Study, Sukhdip Purewal Boparai, Tiffani Marie, Eduardo Aguayo, Jordan Brooks, Estefany Juarez, Sheana Soriano, Alasia Waters, Jaquez Donaldson, Joseph Reagans, Gracee Anguiano, Allison Ipsen

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health

Researchers and youth stakeholders devised a survey on 27 adversities based on youth expertise, clinical practice, and adversity literature. The aim of the study was to understand the prevalence of individual and cumulative adversities, and association of adversities to age, gender, race/ethnicity and academic performance among a community sample of urban high school students. All participants experienced two or more adversities and experienced greater overall adversity than youth in population-based studies. Youth-proposed stressors were among the most prevalent, and females, older youth, and African American youth reported disproportionately greater number of adversities. Specific types of adversities were endorsed differentially ...


Physical Activity And Muscular Strengthening In Pregnancy: A Comparison Between Rural And Urban Women, Elizabeth S. Marshall, Bridget Melton, Helen W. Bland, Jacquelyn Nagle 2017 Rural Health Research Institute

Physical Activity And Muscular Strengthening In Pregnancy: A Comparison Between Rural And Urban Women, Elizabeth S. Marshall, Bridget Melton, Helen W. Bland, Jacquelyn Nagle

Helen W. Bland

Background: Though known to improve pregnancy outcomes, physical activity generally decreases through pregnancy. Though some research has shown rural American women to be less active than urban dwellers, little is known regarding differences in such specific activities between rural and urban pregnant women. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare self-reported physical activity patterns and muscular strength training activities between rural and urban pregnant women. Sample: Sample included 88 rural and urban pregnant women, mean age 25.83, in the southeastern region of the United States. Method: Women were recruited from the waiting rooms of regional obstetrician offices ...


A Qualitative Study Of Stress, Stressors And Stress Management, Helen W. Bland, Bridget F. Melton, Stephen Patrick Gonzalez 2017 Georgia Southern University

A Qualitative Study Of Stress, Stressors And Stress Management, Helen W. Bland, Bridget F. Melton, Stephen Patrick Gonzalez

Helen W. Bland

Background: Stress is part of the college experience; however, how students deal with stress can greatly impact their behaviors and health status. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to qualitatively assess sources of stress, types of stressors, and coping mechanisms employed among undergraduate students. Methods: Nominal group process was utilized to obtain information related to study variables and help prioritize the accounts provided by study participants (n = 173). Results: Participants gave insight into the unique stress faced by this generation (grades, GPA, multitasking, parental expectations), stress symptoms (more psychological in nature), and coping strategies (prayer, talking to mom, surfing ...


Listening To The Voices Of Haiti: Exploring The Connection Of Education, Health And Quality Of Life In The Democratization Of A Society, Catherine A. Hansman, Helen W. Bland 2017 Cleveland State University

Listening To The Voices Of Haiti: Exploring The Connection Of Education, Health And Quality Of Life In The Democratization Of A Society, Catherine A. Hansman, Helen W. Bland

Helen W. Bland

The purpose of this study was to ascertain the levels of literacy among Haitian citizens and to understand their perceptions concerning the importance and availability of literacy programs and democratic process training. Since democratic process, education, and access to information are intrinsically linked, the intent of the authors of this paper was to explore the connection of education, health, and the quality of life in the democratization process in Haiti. The results of this study found continued low literacy rates, little access to education and political information, and people proclaiming that their quality of life is worse that it has ...


Treating Opioid Use Disorder And Co-Occuring Disorders, Amy L. Harrington 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Treating Opioid Use Disorder And Co-Occuring Disorders, Amy L. Harrington

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

Harm reduction is a public health strategy that was developed initially for adults with substance use disorder for whom abstinence was not feasible. Harm reduction approaches have been effective in reducing morbidity and mortality in some adult populations. In this presentation "Treating Opioid Use Disorder and Co-Occuring Disorders" by Amy L. Harrington, MD, learn the specifics of what the term "harm reduction" means as it is applied in various settings. When a treatment plan is considered for a patient, it is important to understand if other medical conditions also exist in addition to the substance use disorder. How do co-morbid ...


Navigating Structural Violence With Indigenous Families: The Contested Terrain Of Early Childhood Intervention And The Child Welfare System In Canada, Alison J. Gerlach, Annette J. Browne, Vandna Sinha, Diana Elliott 2017 National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health, University of Northern British Columbia

Navigating Structural Violence With Indigenous Families: The Contested Terrain Of Early Childhood Intervention And The Child Welfare System In Canada, Alison J. Gerlach, Annette J. Browne, Vandna Sinha, Diana Elliott

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Internationally, the welfare of Indigenous children continues to be severely compromised by their involvement with child welfare authorities. In this context, there are calls for greater investment in early childhood programs to support family preservation and children’s well-being. This article reports on the findings from a critical qualitative inquiry undertaken with Aboriginal Infant Development Programs (AIDPs) in Canada. The findings highlight how AIDP workers’ relational approaches countered Indigenous mothers’ experiences of feeling "like a bad parent" as a result of their involvement with the child welfare system and how workers navigated an increasingly close relationship with this system. We ...


Role Emerging Placements In Undergraduate Occupational Therapy Training: A Case Study, Martin Fitzgerald, Abigail Kate Smith, Nazman Rehman, Michelle Taylor 2017 University of Bradford

Role Emerging Placements In Undergraduate Occupational Therapy Training: A Case Study, Martin Fitzgerald, Abigail Kate Smith, Nazman Rehman, Michelle Taylor

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Role-emerging placements in occupational therapy training are contributing to professional and workforce development because of their strong occupational focus and placement of students in emerging practice. This manuscript explores how one role-emerging placement challenged and developed student theoretical and clinical skills, presented new ways of working at the recipient site, and enhanced service delivery. Methods: The background to role-emerging placements in occupational therapy is explored through the use of a case study which reflects on and analyses how the assessment and treatment of occupation enhanced service delivery at a local, non-traditional site. Eight students in England developed and ran ...


Community Paramedicine Pilot Programs: Lessons From Maine, Karen B. Pearson MLIS, MA, George Shaler MPH 2017 University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service, Maine Rural Health Research Center

Community Paramedicine Pilot Programs: Lessons From Maine, Karen B. Pearson Mlis, Ma, George Shaler Mph

Access / Insurance

Community paramedicine programs are beginning to flourish across the nation, and the need to provide demonstration or pilot programs is essential to providing a consistent and high-level standard for this model of care. While the overarching goals are to align with the Triple Aim, piloting a community paramedicine program also allows each community to develop and implement a program tailored to the healthcare needs of their specific community. A successful program builds the evidence base that can then be used to create legislative change necessary to financially sustain this model of care across the healthcare delivery system. This article provides ...


Differences In Health Literacy Knowledge And Experiences Among Senior Nursing Students, Sharon S. Williamson, Joanne Chopak-Foss 2017 Georgia Southern University

Differences In Health Literacy Knowledge And Experiences Among Senior Nursing Students, Sharon S. Williamson, Joanne Chopak-Foss

Joanne Chopak-Foss

Background: Low health literacy has been identified as a significant public health problem. Also, higher expenditures due to longer hospital stays have been reported for persons with low health literacy. Nurses can assist patients with low health literacy to reduce their hospital stays and increase compliance with discharge instructions. Methods: A quantitative, descriptive research design was employed to assess knowledge and experiences of 192 senior nursing students. These students were administered the Health Literacy Knowledge and Experiences Survey (HL-KES), a 2- part survey that included assessment of knowledge about health literacy and experience in working with populations of low health ...


Household Water Insecurity, Missed Schooling, And The Mediating Role Of Caregiver Depression In Rural Uganda, Christine E. Cooper-Vince, Bernard Kakuhikire, D. Vorechovska, Amy Q. McDonough, Jessica M. Perkins, Atheendar S. Venkataramani, Rumbidzai Mushavi, C. Baguma, Scholastic Ashaba, David Bangsberg, Alexander C. Tsai 2017 Massachusetts General Hospital

Household Water Insecurity, Missed Schooling, And The Mediating Role Of Caregiver Depression In Rural Uganda, Christine E. Cooper-Vince, Bernard Kakuhikire, D. Vorechovska, Amy Q. Mcdonough, Jessica M. Perkins, Atheendar S. Venkataramani, Rumbidzai Mushavi, C. Baguma, Scholastic Ashaba, David Bangsberg, Alexander C. Tsai

David Bangsberg

Background: School attendance rates in sub-Saharan Africa are among the lowest worldwide, placing children at heightened risk for poor educational and economic outcomes. One understudied risk factor for missed schooling is household water insecurity, which is linked to depression among women and may increase children’s water-fetching burden at the expense of educational activities, particularly among children of depressed caregivers. In this study conducted in rural Uganda, we assessed the association between household water insecurity and child school participation and the mediating pathways behind these associations.

Method: We conducted a population-based, cross-sectional study of female household heads (N = 257) and ...


Impact Of Water And Sanitation And Health Education Interventions On Health And Hygiene Behaviors: A Study From A Northern Pakistani Village, Aysha Zahidie, Fauziah Rabbani 2017 Aga Khan University

Impact Of Water And Sanitation And Health Education Interventions On Health And Hygiene Behaviors: A Study From A Northern Pakistani Village, Aysha Zahidie, Fauziah Rabbani

Fauziah Rabbani

Introduction: Water and sanitation interventions were delivered in the northern areas of Pakistan as a joint venture of the Aga Khan University and the Aga Khan Health Systems Oshikhandass Diarrhea and Dysentery Project (1989-96) followed by the Aga Khan Water, Sanitation, Health and Hygiene Studies Program (WSHHSP). Through these interventions water treatment plants, new pit latrines along with a component of health education were introduced. Objectives: To explore perceptions, knowledge and practices of inhabitants of Oshikhandass village in Gilgit related to water quality, latrine use and hand washing following the intervention. Methods: Through a cross-sectional study during June-July 2012, six ...


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