Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Community Health Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

861 Full-Text Articles 1737 Authors 231435 Downloads 96 Institutions

All Articles in Community Health

Faceted Search

861 full-text articles. Page 1 of 35.

Sibling Support Program: A Family-Centered Mental Health Initiative, Emily Rubin, Leah Baigell, Emily Lauer, Louis Ostrowsky, Elizabeth Janopaul-Naylor, Greg Barnett, James Mackenzie, Nikhil Patel, Yana Kotlar, Adele Pressman, Jacob Venter 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Sibling Support Program: A Family-Centered Mental Health Initiative, Emily Rubin, Leah Baigell, Emily Lauer, Louis Ostrowsky, Elizabeth Janopaul-Naylor, Greg Barnett, James Mackenzie, Nikhil Patel, Yana Kotlar, Adele Pressman, Jacob Venter

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Sibling Support Program: A Family-Centered Mental Health Initiative was developed at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center of the University of Massachusetts Medical School. The project is currently implemented at Cambridge Health Alliance in Cambridge, Massachusetts as an IRB-approved research study, and at another Boston-based hospital as a Quality Improvement (QI) initiative. The program was also piloted at Boston Children's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts. The project explores the impact of mental illness on typically developing siblings and caregivers of children with psychiatric needs. Project goals: to increase resiliency and mitigate the trauma commonly experienced by siblings of children admitted for ...


Book Review: Greenwood, M. Et Al. (Eds.). (2015). Determinants Of Indigenous Peoples' Health In Canada: Beyond The Social, Javier Mignone 2017 University of Manitoba

Book Review: Greenwood, M. Et Al. (Eds.). (2015). Determinants Of Indigenous Peoples' Health In Canada: Beyond The Social, Javier Mignone

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

This article provides a review of the book Determinants of Indigenous Peoples’ Health in Canada: Beyond the Social edited by Margo Greenwood, Sarah de Leeuw, Nicole Marie Lindsay, and Charlotte Reading.


Sex, Drugs And Alcohol: What Adventist College Students Say About The Role Of Parents And Religion, Alina Baltazar, Duane C. McBride, Curtis J. VanderWaal, Kathryn Conopio 2017 Andrews University

Sex, Drugs And Alcohol: What Adventist College Students Say About The Role Of Parents And Religion, Alina Baltazar, Duane C. Mcbride, Curtis J. Vanderwaal, Kathryn Conopio

Curtis VanderWaal

Relationships with peers, parents, and God make a difference in the behavior choices of youth. If a young person spends time with peers who don’t use substances and are planning to wait until they get married to have sex, they are less likely to engage in these behaviors. In addition, if the youth has a close relationship with parents who clearly state their standards regarding substance use and premarital sex, they are less likely to practice these behaviors. Finally, when the young person has a close relationship with God, they are more likely to care about the religious standards ...


The Effects Of Patient Characteristics On Clinician’S Adherence To Preventive Practice Guidelines, DeShana A. Collett Ph.D,PA-C, Kenneth M. Tyler Ph.D. 2017 University of Kentucky

The Effects Of Patient Characteristics On Clinician’S Adherence To Preventive Practice Guidelines, Deshana A. Collett Ph.D,Pa-C, Kenneth M. Tyler Ph.D.

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The existence of health disparities confirms that not all patients, regardless of differences in patient demographics, are provided quality healthcare (Agency of Health Care Research and Quality, 2003). Moreover, research suggests that health disparities may be present due to the inadequate delivery of medical services (S. Haist, J. Wilson, M. Lineberry, & C. Griffith, 2007; Van Ryn, Burgess, Malat, & Griffin, 2006). The differences in the delivery of care and services to ethnic minorities and those of low socioeconomic status warrant examining the role healthcare providers play in the causation of these health disparities (Smedley, Stith, & Nelson, 2003).

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the ...


Emergency Department Utilization: A Qualitative Analysis Of Illinois Medical Home Network Patients., Crystal M. Glover, Yanina A. Purim-Shem-Tov 2017 Rush University Medical Center

Emergency Department Utilization: A Qualitative Analysis Of Illinois Medical Home Network Patients., Crystal M. Glover, Yanina A. Purim-Shem-Tov

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background

Inappropriate emergency department (ED) use continues to plague healthcare in terms of disease management and costs. In 2012, the State of Illinois implemented Medical Home Network (MHN) where Medicaid recipients were assigned to primary care providers to, in part, reduce overreliance on EDs. However, MHN patients have continued to use EDs.

Objective

The purpose of this study is to provide a qualitative analysis of Medicaid patient-identified barriers to primary care, facilitators of emergency use, and related mental health and psychosocial factors.

Methods

Patients who presented themselves at the ED located at an urban, academic medical center participated in one-time ...


Repealing The Aca Without A Replacement — The Risks To American Health Care, Barack Obama 2017 President of the United States

Repealing The Aca Without A Replacement — The Risks To American Health Care, Barack Obama

Public Health Resources

Health care policy often shifts when the country’s leadership changes. That was true when I took office, and it will likely be true with President-elect Donald Trump. I am proud that my administration’s work, through the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and other policies, helped millions more Americans know the security of health care in a system that is more effective and efficient. At the same time, there is more work to do to ensure that all Americans have access to high-quality, affordable health care. What the past 8 years have taught us is that health care reform requires ...


Examining The Predictors Of Mental Health Outcomes Among Undergraduate Postsecondary Students In Canada, Brooke Linden, Rozzet Jurdi-Hage 2017 Queen’s University

Examining The Predictors Of Mental Health Outcomes Among Undergraduate Postsecondary Students In Canada, Brooke Linden, Rozzet Jurdi-Hage

Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences

Symptoms consistent with mental illnesses such as anxiety and depression are dominant in both prevalence and in severity among North American post-secondary student populations over the past several years. This study examines undergraduate students’ self-reported symptoms consistent with two common mental illnesses in a Canadian context, and sheds light on several predictors of students’ mental health outcomes, including perceived contextual stressors, coping strategies, and perceived barriers to help seeking. Data for this investigation were obtained through the completion of self-administered questionnaires from a sample of 209 undergraduate students attending a public western Canadian university during the fall semester of 2014 ...


Assessment Of The Use Of Overdose Education And Naloxone Distribution By Maine Buprenorphine/Naloxone Prescribers, Stephen Kirsch 2017 University of Southern Maine

Assessment Of The Use Of Overdose Education And Naloxone Distribution By Maine Buprenorphine/Naloxone Prescribers, Stephen Kirsch

Muskie School Capstones

Background: Overdose deaths, specifically related to opioids, have been identified as a public health problem both nationally and in the state of Maine. Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution (OEND) is an innovative model of patient education that has been shown to be effective in increasing knowledge of overdose risk and has the potential to help reduce opiate related overdose deaths.

Methods: A 28-item web-based survey examining clinician attitudes, OEND practices and characteristics was distributed to 196 Maine based physicians with a Drug Enforcement Agency waiver to prescribe burprenorphine/naloxone. Facilitators and barriers to the provision of OEND were also assessed ...


Intimate Partner Violence In Immigrant/Refugee Populations, Lisa H. Wang 2017 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Intimate Partner Violence In Immigrant/Refugee Populations, Lisa H. Wang

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is the most common type of violence affecting women. Globally, Central Africa and South Asia have some of the highest rates of IPV. In Vermont, the majority of refugees are from these regions. Individual, interpersonal, and especially cultural values play critical roles in the definition/appraisal and decision to seek help in these women. This study examines ways to mitigate challenges that healthcare professionals have in identifying women who need help and barriers preventing these women from seeking help.


Increasing Advance Directive Knowledge Among Healthcare Professionals, Laura K. Donnelly 2017 University of Vermont

Increasing Advance Directive Knowledge Among Healthcare Professionals, Laura K. Donnelly

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Advance Directives (ADs) have been shown to be associated with increased patient satisfaction with end-of-life care, decreased in-hospital deaths, and decreased end-of-life costs in high-cost regions. Nationally, prevalence of ADs has increased over the last 20 years, but the majority of patients still have not completed an AD. A significant obstacle to completion is lack of awareness. A presentation to increase knowledge regarding ADs among primary care staff was created to address this.


Probiotic Yoghourt For Health, Nutrition And Women's Empowerment In Kenya: A Community-Based Approach, Ellena Andoniou 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Probiotic Yoghourt For Health, Nutrition And Women's Empowerment In Kenya: A Community-Based Approach, Ellena Andoniou

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The dissertation aims to examine the impacts of probiotic yoghourt on health, nutrition and women’s empowerment within the context of HIV/AIDS in Kenya. Mixed methods that combine quantiative and qualitative approaches are used to understand the effects of probiotic yoghourt on the health, nutrition and quality of life for men and women. Results of the quantiative analysis (n=227) demonstrated that the probiotic yoghourt confers a variety of health benefits – physiological (fewer urogenital conditions and digestive problems; reduced dependence on medical treatment), and psychological (perceived improvements with bodily appearance, felt an increased meaningfulness with life). Results of the ...


Into The Light: Using Technology To Develop A Mother/Family Centered Peer Support Network, Shannon Hennig, Katherine Stone, Joanne Nicholson 2016 Postpartum Progress Inc.

Into The Light: Using Technology To Develop A Mother/Family Centered Peer Support Network, Shannon Hennig, Katherine Stone, Joanne Nicholson

Journal of Parent and Family Mental Health

This paper highlights the work of Postpartum Progress Inc., to engage with large online communities of women experiencing a perinatal mental health issue, in order to explore the efficacy of peer support as a treatment modality. "Into the Light" is a Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) Pipeline to Proposal project that will bring together diverse stakeholders and patients to build collaborative partnerships. Project goals include developing patient engagement, recruitment and dissemination strategies that reflect the needs of this patient population. Increasing patient access to easily understood information about treatment options when making health care decisions and improving patient-centered research ...


Peaceful Ninjas: Merging Mindfulness Education With Holistic Arts, Zachariah Z. Fisher, April Tucker 2016 Peaceful Ninjas

Peaceful Ninjas: Merging Mindfulness Education With Holistic Arts, Zachariah Z. Fisher, April Tucker

The STEAM Journal

Peaceful Ninjas is a Holistic Peace Education Movement Empowering Youth to Co Create World Peace by Merging Ancient and Modern Mindfulness Practices. This piece provides an overview of the activities and approach we use.


Cultural Continuity As A Determinant Of Indigenous Peoples’ Health: A Metasynthesis Of Qualitative Research In Canada And The United States, Monique D. Auger 2016 Simon Fraser University

Cultural Continuity As A Determinant Of Indigenous Peoples’ Health: A Metasynthesis Of Qualitative Research In Canada And The United States, Monique D. Auger

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

As a strengths-based alternative to Western notions of enculturation and acculturation theory, cultural continuity describes the integration of people within their culture and the methods through which traditional knowledge is maintained and transmitted. Through reviewing relevant, original research with Indigenous Peoples in Canada and the United States, the purpose of this metasynthesis is to describe and interpret qualitative research relating to cultural continuity for Indigenous Peoples in North America. This metasynthesis was conducted through the selection, appraisal, and synthesis of 11 qualitative studies. Across the selected studies, five key themes arose: the connection between cultural continuity and health and well-being ...


Healthy Native Community Fellowship: An Indigenous Leadership Program To Enhance Community Wellness, Rebecca Rae, Marita Jones, Alexis J. Handal, Marge Bluehorse-Anderson, Shelley Frazier, Kristine Maltrud, Chris Percy, Tina Tso, Frances Varela, Nina Wallerstein 2016 University of New Mexico

Healthy Native Community Fellowship: An Indigenous Leadership Program To Enhance Community Wellness, Rebecca Rae, Marita Jones, Alexis J. Handal, Marge Bluehorse-Anderson, Shelley Frazier, Kristine Maltrud, Chris Percy, Tina Tso, Frances Varela, Nina Wallerstein

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

The Healthy Native Communities Fellowship (HNCF) is a grassroots evidence-based mentorship and leadership program that develops the skills and community-building capacities of leaders and community teams to improve health status through several intermediate social and cultural mechanisms: (a) strengthening social participation (also known as social capital or cohesion); (b) strengthening cultural connectedness and revitalization of cultural identity; and (c) advocating for health-enhancing policies, practices, and programs that strengthen systems of prevention and care, as well as address the structural social determinants of health. This leadership program uses a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach and participatory evaluation to investigate how the ...


Effects Of Heart Disease, Autumn Brown 2016 Murray State University

Effects Of Heart Disease, Autumn Brown

Scholars Week

I did my paper on the effects of heart disease in Calloway County and the two photos attached in my paper include a pro and a con of how to help prevent heart disease in Calloway County.


Roommate And Relationship Difficulties, Alexus Flowers 2016 Murray State University

Roommate And Relationship Difficulties, Alexus Flowers

Scholars Week

This is to aid and improve coping skills of sharing living spaces for (in particular) college students. Information is provided on understanding the benefits and the drawbacks of living with others, and more importantly how it should be considered a community health concern/issue that should not be taken lightly.


Losing Ground: Awareness Of Congenital Cytomegalovirus In The United States, Sara M. Doutre, Tyson S. Barrett, Janelle Greenlee, Karl R. White 2016 Utah State University

Losing Ground: Awareness Of Congenital Cytomegalovirus In The United States, Sara M. Doutre, Tyson S. Barrett, Janelle Greenlee, Karl R. White

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

One in 150 infants is born with cytomegalovirus (CMV) and one in 750 will have lifelong disabilities due to CMV. Even though congenital CMV is the leading viral cause of congenital disabilities and the leading non-genetic cause of childhood hearing loss, most adults have never heard of it. Data from the 2015 and 2016 HealthStylesTM surveys were analyzed and compared to data from similar studies and show an awareness rate of 7% for US adults (5% for men and 9% for women), a statistically significant decrease from 2005 and 2010 studies. Predictors of awareness include gender and education level ...


Chemical Reactions: Marijuana, Opioids, And Our Families, Denise A. Hines Ph.D, Staci Gruber Ph.D, John F. Kelly Ph.D, Kathleen M. Palm Reed, Hilary Smith Connery M.D., Ph.D. 2016 Clark University

Chemical Reactions: Marijuana, Opioids, And Our Families, Denise A. Hines Ph.D, Staci Gruber Ph.D, John F. Kelly Ph.D, Kathleen M. Palm Reed, Hilary Smith Connery M.D., Ph.D.

Mosakowski Institute for Public Enterprise

Chemical Reactions: Marijuana, Opioids, and Our Families is the seventh Massachusetts Family Impact Seminar. This seminar was designed to emphasize a family perspective in policymaking on issues related to the legalization of marijuana and managing the opioid abuse crisis in the Commonwealth. In general, Family Impact Seminars analyze the consequences an issue, policy, or program may have for families.


Healthy Aging Website: Providing Online Occupation Based Information, Haley Caruthers, Samantha Talavera, Stephanie Vera, Jackeline Ulloa 2016 Dominican University of California

Healthy Aging Website: Providing Online Occupation Based Information, Haley Caruthers, Samantha Talavera, Stephanie Vera, Jackeline Ulloa

Student Research Posters

Older adults (OAs) over the age of 65 are the fastest growing age group in the United States. They are also the fastest growing population of Internet users as they use the Internet to access health information related to optimizing independence, productivity, and social engagement. Although there is an abundant amount of information available that is devoted to healthy aging, the validity of the information can be questionable and the information may be confusing.

Dominican University of California’s (DUC) Healthy Aging website contains relevant and evidence-based research, including activities and local community based programs that promote healthy aging. To ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress