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Discordance In Perceptions Of Barriers To Breast Cancer Treatment Between Hispanic Women And Their Providers, Swapna Reddy, Mary Saxon, Nina Patel, Matthew Speer, Tiffany Ziegler, Nirali Patel, Madison Ziegler, Stephany Esquivel, Andrea Daniella Mata, Asha Devineni, Pooja Paode, Nitika Thawani, Subhakar Mutyala 2020 Arizona State University

Discordance In Perceptions Of Barriers To Breast Cancer Treatment Between Hispanic Women And Their Providers, Swapna Reddy, Mary Saxon, Nina Patel, Matthew Speer, Tiffany Ziegler, Nirali Patel, Madison Ziegler, Stephany Esquivel, Andrea Daniella Mata, Asha Devineni, Pooja Paode, Nitika Thawani, Subhakar Mutyala

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Despite comparable screening and incidence rates that are 26% below that of non-Hispanic Whites, Hispanic women present with breast cancer at more advanced stages of disease, representing a continuing and troubling health disparity for this population. Reducing these disparities warrant more innovative research approaches to better understand perspectives of Hispanic patients regarding barriers to treatment and how these perspectives compare to those of their providers. A pilot qualitative study was conducted at a major urban cancer center in Arizona that measured both patient and provider perspectives regarding barriers to treatment. Through a multimethod qualitative analysis, researchers surveyed patients and providers ...


A History Of #Bcsm And Insights For Patient-Centered Online Interaction And Engagement, Matthew S. Katz, Alicia C. Staley, Deanna J. Attai 2020 Department of Radiation Medicine, Lowell General Hospital

A History Of #Bcsm And Insights For Patient-Centered Online Interaction And Engagement, Matthew S. Katz, Alicia C. Staley, Deanna J. Attai

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Participation in cancer support groups can provide a sense of community and may better prepare patients for interactions with their health care team. Online interactions may overcome some barriers to in-person support group participation. #BCSM (breast cancer social media), the first cancer support community established on Twitter, was founded in 2011 by two breast cancer survivors. The aims of this study are to describe the growth and changes in this community and to discuss future directions and lessons that may apply to other online support communities.

Methods: Symplur Signals was used to obtain all #BCSM Twitter data from January ...


Supporting Academic Primary Care Teams Serving Refugees: A Qualitative Study, Gabrielle Waclawik MD MPH, Fabiana Kotovicz, Devin Walsh-Felz MD MPH, Savitri Tsering MSSW, Nancy Pandhi MD MPH PhD 2020 University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Supporting Academic Primary Care Teams Serving Refugees: A Qualitative Study, Gabrielle Waclawik Md Mph, Fabiana Kotovicz, Devin Walsh-Felz Md Mph, Savitri Tsering Mssw, Nancy Pandhi Md Mph Phd

Journal of Refugee & Global Health

Introduction: Primary care providers continue to experience significant challenges when caring for refugee patients, yet they are often refugees’ initial point of contact with the U.S. health care system. The purpose of this qualitative study is to expand our understanding of the experiences of academic primary care team members during clinical encounters with refugee patients.

Methods: This multi-perspective, qualitative study included physicians (faculty and residents), nurse practitioners, pharmacists, nurses, and medical assistants (n=10), who have been working with refugee patients for at least one year at two family medicine residency clinics and/or a community health center. Semi-structured ...


Improving Health Care In Nevada, Ember Smith, Kaylie Pattni 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Improving Health Care In Nevada, Ember Smith, Kaylie Pattni

Policy Briefs and Reports

Across the United States, improvements in health outcomes lag while health care costs rapidly rise. Medical personnel and resource shortages combined with high underinsured and uninsured rates further complicate access to quality, affordable health care. In order to better understand state-level solutions, we explore factors that contribute to health care deficiencies and emphasize Nevada’s unique obstacles.


Credible Practice Of Modeling And Simulation In Healthcare: Ten Rules From A Multidisciplinary Perspective, Ahmet Erdemir, Lealem Mulugeta, Joy P Ku, Andrew Drach, Marc Horner, Tina M Morrison, Grace C Y Peng, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli, William W Lytton, Jerry G Myers 2020 Lerner Research Institute

Credible Practice Of Modeling And Simulation In Healthcare: Ten Rules From A Multidisciplinary Perspective, Ahmet Erdemir, Lealem Mulugeta, Joy P Ku, Andrew Drach, Marc Horner, Tina M Morrison, Grace C Y Peng, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli, William W Lytton, Jerry G Myers

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

The complexities of modern biomedicine are rapidly increasing. Thus, modeling and simulation have become increasingly important as a strategy to understand and predict the trajectory of pathophysiology, disease genesis, and disease spread in support of clinical and policy decisions. In such cases, inappropriate or ill-placed trust in the model and simulation outcomes may result in negative outcomes, and hence illustrate the need to formalize the execution and communication of modeling and simulation practices. Although verification and validation have been generally accepted as significant components of a model's credibility, they cannot be assumed to equate to a holistic credible practice ...


Evaluating The Process Of Involving Affected Community Members In Service Delivery And Design: A Deliberative Dialogue Case Study, Tiffany N. Scurr 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Evaluating The Process Of Involving Affected Community Members In Service Delivery And Design: A Deliberative Dialogue Case Study, Tiffany N. Scurr

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study investigates the use of a deliberative dialogue (DD) as a method of patient and public involvement (PPI) in decision-making and priority setting in service delivery and design. A single mixed methods case study was used to evaluate a DD that involved tenants of a rent-geared-to-income building as stakeholders alongside public health, primary care, and social services. Using quantitative survey data and inductive thematic analysis of project documents, focus groups, and field notes, we found that: (1) tenants highly valued actionable outcomes; (2) it is important to recognize diverse types of evidence and knowledge sharing; (3) engaged facilitation is ...


The International Journal Of Zero Balancing And Transformative Touch: A Welcome By Founder Dr. Fritz Smith, 2020 Eastern Illinois University

The International Journal Of Zero Balancing And Transformative Touch: A Welcome By Founder Dr. Fritz Smith

The International Journal of Zero Balancing and Transformative Touch

This journal holds the promise of allowing the benefits of transformative touch to be more widely shared by way of contributions from all of the touch modality communities that have so much to offer the world today.


The Rise Of Health Disparities In The United States: An Investigation Into Medicaid Expansionary Policies, Rachel Goldstein 2020 University of Pennsylvania

The Rise Of Health Disparities In The United States: An Investigation Into Medicaid Expansionary Policies, Rachel Goldstein

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

Since the passage of the Affordable Care Act, the variations in health spending and health outcomes across states have further diverged. While some states have increased their overall funding of Medicaid, others, like Texas, have not increased Medicaid coverage nor have they kept funding equal to inflation levels. This research paper examines and compares the health outcomes of states with higher uninsured populations and the ability to meet UNESCO defined standards for social responsibility in the health care sector. Based on literature review and a case study of health outcomes for low-income patients and disabled individuals, this paper finds that ...


Nutrient Value Quantification And Evaluation Of The Food Pantry Environment, Catharine Pickford 2020 Purdue University

Nutrient Value Quantification And Evaluation Of The Food Pantry Environment, Catharine Pickford

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


An Examination Of Hiv Risk, Testing And Prevention Intervention Participation Among Vulnerable Youth, Bianca V. Lopez 2020 CUNY School of Public Health

An Examination Of Hiv Risk, Testing And Prevention Intervention Participation Among Vulnerable Youth, Bianca V. Lopez

Dissertations and Theses

Background: Young gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (YGBM) of color are disproportionately affected by HIV and bear the burden of the disease in the United States. Gay and bisexual men – referred to in surveillance systems as men who have sex with men (MSM) – continue to be the risk group most severely affected by HIV in the United States. The dissertation study explored factors related on HIV prevention intervention participation, HIV testing and sexual risk behaviors among YGBM ages 13-29 in the Bronx. Additionally, this dissertation endeavored to study the concept of “intervention fatigue”, a component ...


Ongoing Information And Support Needs Of Parents Of Children With Epilepsy, Mary C. Secco 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Ongoing Information And Support Needs Of Parents Of Children With Epilepsy, Mary C. Secco

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purpose of this research is to gain insight into the ongoing information and support needs of parents of children with epilepsy. Using descriptive content analysis of text found in twenty client case files, communication logs, and email correspondence, parents requested information and support provided by a community epilepsy agency to mitigate changes in treatment protocols, challenging child behavior, rushed healthcare provider communication, lack of access to mental health services and barriers encountered in the school system. Parents requested system navigation and school advocacy from community epilepsy agency staff intermediaries to develop rescue medication protocols and to mediate parent-school disputes ...


Suicidal Behaviours Among Adolescents From 90 Countries: A Pooled Analysis Of The Global School-Based Student Health Survey, Susan C. Campisi, Bianca Carducci, Nadia Akseer, Clare Zasowski, Peter Szatmari, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta 2020 Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada

Suicidal Behaviours Among Adolescents From 90 Countries: A Pooled Analysis Of The Global School-Based Student Health Survey, Susan C. Campisi, Bianca Carducci, Nadia Akseer, Clare Zasowski, Peter Szatmari, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Woman and Child Health

Background: Understanding the burden and determinants of suicide during adolescence is key to achieving global health goals. We examined the prevalence and determinants of self-reported suicidal ideation and attempts among younger (13-15 years) and older adolescents (16-17 years).
Methods: Pooled prevalence estimates with 95% confidence interval, were calculated for suicide ideation and attempts for 118 surveys from 90 countries that administered the Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) to adolescents (13-17 years of age) from 2003 to 2017. Indicators (including individual and social factors) associated with suicidal ideation and attempts were determined from multivariable linear regressions on key outcomes.
Results ...


Flattening The Curve Of Distress: A Public-Facing Webinar For Psychoeducation During Covid-19, Grant Smith, Stephanie Harman, Keri Brenner 2020 Stanford School of Medicine

Flattening The Curve Of Distress: A Public-Facing Webinar For Psychoeducation During Covid-19, Grant Smith, Stephanie Harman, Keri Brenner

Patient Experience Journal

This case report describes the development, implementation and evaluation of a public-facing webinar that provided psychoeducation addressing the emotional distress that has accompanied the coronavirus pandemic. Using a webinar was an effective strategy for reaching a large, public audience and making content from expert clinicians accessible. Participants were likely to recommend the webinar to friends or family. Participants appreciated that the webinar acknowledged the presence of distressing emotions and provided practical advice for reducing the negative psychological sequelae of the coronavirus pandemic. Areas for improvement included addressing technical issues and incorporating additional information into the webinar.

Experience Framework

This article ...


A Model Of Disparities: Risk Factors Associated With Covid-19 Infection., Yelena Rozenfeld, Jennifer Beam, Haley Maier, Whitney Haggerson, Karen Boudreau, Jamie Carlson, Rhonda Medows 2020 Providence Health System

A Model Of Disparities: Risk Factors Associated With Covid-19 Infection., Yelena Rozenfeld, Jennifer Beam, Haley Maier, Whitney Haggerson, Karen Boudreau, Jamie Carlson, Rhonda Medows

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

BACKGROUND: By mid-May 2020, there were over 1.5 million cases of (SARS-CoV-2) or COVID-19 across the U.S. with new confirmed cases continuing to rise following the re-opening of most states. Prior studies have focused mainly on clinical risk factors associated with serious illness and mortality of COVID-19. Less analysis has been conducted on the clinical, sociodemographic, and environmental variables associated with initial infection of COVID-19.

METHODS: A multivariable statistical model was used to characterize risk factors in 34,503cases of laboratory-confirmed positive or negative COVID-19 infection in the Providence Health System (U.S.) between February 28 and April ...


Geriatrics In Clinical Practice And Beyond: Brain Health, The Sixth Vital Sign?, Nannette Hoffman 2020 HCA

Geriatrics In Clinical Practice And Beyond: Brain Health, The Sixth Vital Sign?, Nannette Hoffman

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Brain health in middle age and geriatric patients will take on greater importance for health care practitioners in our aging society. This article discusses various approaches clinicians can use for their patients to promote and improve brain health. These are generally the same lifestyle adoptions for cerebrovascular disease and cardiovascular disease prevention: weight management, exercise, and blood pressure and cholesterol lowering. Social stimulation and cognitive activities may also be important for the elderly.


Effectiveness Of Ashtanga And Vinyasa Yoga: Combating Anxiety, Depression, Stress And Sleep Quality., Kati Street 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Effectiveness Of Ashtanga And Vinyasa Yoga: Combating Anxiety, Depression, Stress And Sleep Quality., Kati Street

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: This lack of rigor in yoga research methodology hinders the understanding of yoga components and best practices. This study implements two yoga interventions with recommended adequate structure, one more physically demanding (Ashtanga Vinyasa) and a less physically demanding (slow flow vinyasa). The instructor, who is also the lead researcher, developed a slow flow vinyasa sequence and modified the set sequence of Ashtanga Vinyasa for beginners. Both yoga interventions cover domains suggested by Sherman (2012) for meticulous methods in yoga research.

Methods: This study implements two styles of yoga with university students over the course of eight weeks, meeting twice ...


Associations Of Depression And Anxiety With Substance Use And Social Health Among Older Adults Living With Hiv, Sarah Soliman, David Seal, Omar Bruce, Margarida Dalton, Allison Palmer, Marissa Pardini, Bailey Quiroga, Jenica Ryu, James Welty, Imamah Younus, Annie L. Nguyen 2020 University of Southern California

Associations Of Depression And Anxiety With Substance Use And Social Health Among Older Adults Living With Hiv, Sarah Soliman, David Seal, Omar Bruce, Margarida Dalton, Allison Palmer, Marissa Pardini, Bailey Quiroga, Jenica Ryu, James Welty, Imamah Younus, Annie L. Nguyen

Health Behavior Research

Life expectancy after HIV infection dramatically increased following the development of antiretroviral therapies (ART) in 1996. As the population of older adults living with HIV increases, concerns have grown about possible disparities in mental health. We evaluated mental health outcomes, specifically depressive symptoms and anxiety, among older adults living with HIV in two large urban cities. We also examined the relationship between mental health outcomes and substance use and social health. We recruited 154 participants from infectious disease clinics in Los Angeles, CA and New Orleans, LA to complete cross-sectional surveys. We assessed prevalence of depressive symptoms (CES-D-10) and anxiety ...


Religious, Socio-Cultural Norms And Gender Stereotypes Influence Uptake And Utilization Of Maternal Health Services Among The Digo Community In Kwale, Kenya: A Qualitative Study, Vernon Mochache, George Wanje, Lucy Nyaga, Amyn Lakhani, Hajara El-Busaidy, Marleen Temmerman, Peter Gichangi 2020 International Centre for Reproductive Health, Mombasa

Religious, Socio-Cultural Norms And Gender Stereotypes Influence Uptake And Utilization Of Maternal Health Services Among The Digo Community In Kwale, Kenya: A Qualitative Study, Vernon Mochache, George Wanje, Lucy Nyaga, Amyn Lakhani, Hajara El-Busaidy, Marleen Temmerman, Peter Gichangi

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East Africa

Background: Maternal health outcomes in resource-limited settings are typically influenced by supply-side factors affecting the provision of quality health services. The extent to which demand-side factors contribute to this influence is unclear. We aimed to explore how individual and community-wide factors influenced uptake and utilization of maternal health services among the Digo community residing in Kwale County of coastal Kenya.

Methods: Between March and December 2015, we conducted 5 focus group discussions (FGDs) and 15 in-depth interviews (IDIs) with members of the Digo community predominant in Kwale county, Kenya. Respondents were sampled purposively and included female (pregnant and postpartum) as ...


Unplugging: An Evidence-Based Project To Reduce Screen Time And Improve Healthy Media Use In The Adolescent Population, Erica Persichetti 2020 University of San Diego

Unplugging: An Evidence-Based Project To Reduce Screen Time And Improve Healthy Media Use In The Adolescent Population, Erica Persichetti

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

Background:Excessive media use is an emerging health concern amongst the pediatric population. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends less than 2 hours per day of recreational screen time, yet the national average is between 7 to 9 hours per day for adolescents. A media-saturated lifestyle has consequences on a child’s mental, physical, and emotional health. Despite guidelines stating media use should be assessed at annual well-visits, only 16% of providers are following this recommendation. This gap in care leaves many families with a limited understanding of the impact of media on their child's health and ...


An Art-Based Exploration Of Interdisciplinary Reactivity Toward Problematic Clients, Devon Govoni 2020 Lesley University

An Art-Based Exploration Of Interdisciplinary Reactivity Toward Problematic Clients, Devon Govoni

Expressive Therapies Dissertations

This art-based dissertation explored professionals' reactivity toward problematic-client interactions across the art therapy, expressive arts therapy, hairstyling, and tattooing disciplines. The concept was explored with a participant from each discipline in a four-phase sculpting process and through semi-structured interviews, response sculptures, and video footage and aggregates. Research questions examined (1) what happens to the participants' professional understanding of problematic clients and (2) self-understanding through engaging in a sculpting process focused on problematic clients, (3) similarities in participants' experiences across disciplines, and (4) what happens when the researcher creates and presents response art to the research participants. The two main outcomes ...


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