Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Mental and Social Health Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

6,756 Full-Text Articles 10,875 Authors 1,952,782 Downloads 260 Institutions

All Articles in Mental and Social Health

Faceted Search

6,756 full-text articles. Page 1 of 228.

Of Rats And Men, Thomas S. Walsh 2018 Cuny Graduate School of Journalism

Of Rats And Men, Thomas S. Walsh

Capstones

This capstone is a data-driven investigation into New York City's rat problem. By using publicly available government data to map rat activity in NYC, I identified several socio-economic variables that correlate with rat populations at the community district, borough, and city-scale. I used these findings (mainly that rat problems are linked to lower incomes) as the basis of an investigation, which includes interviews with residents, experts, and city officials. Prof. Bobby Corrigan, urban rodentologist and formerly with the NYC Department of Health criticizes the city's efforts for the first time on the record.

https://thomasseiyawalsh.wixsite.com/ratstone


Finding The Narrative In Incident Reports, La'eeqa Aslam 2018 The University of San Francisco

Finding The Narrative In Incident Reports, La'eeqa Aslam

Master's Projects and Capstones

The Progress Foundation, as licensed by the state of California and the Community Care Licensing, is required to use incident reports for internal audits and remain in compliance as a health facility. Incident reports are used to record events or accidents that have occurred within an organization. Often times, reports are made, handed off, and given from the residence home to the Community Care Licensing with little to no information of how an incident was managed. The Progress Foundation is working towards tracking information from the incident reports to improve internal management and understand the trends in the reports.

In ...


The Effects Of Reentry Programs On Healthcare Accessibility And Resulting Emergency Department Strain By Ex-Inmates: An Integrative Literature Review, Kaitlyn Muratori 2018 DePaul University

The Effects Of Reentry Programs On Healthcare Accessibility And Resulting Emergency Department Strain By Ex-Inmates: An Integrative Literature Review, Kaitlyn Muratori

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

THE EFFECTS OF REENTRY PROGRAMS ON HEALTHCARE ACCESSIBILITY AND RESULTING EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT STRAIN BY EX-INMATES

Kaitlyn Muratori

Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Christina Lattner

Background: Ex-inmates are significantly more likely to use emergency rooms to seek treatment for substance abuse, mental health disorders, or poor management of chronic conditions which, if not treated on a community level, ultimately contributes to overboarding in the emergency department.

Objectives: The purpose of this literature review is to use current research to examine the relationship between reentry programs across the US and healthcare accessibility, as well as the resulting strain of emergency room misuse by ex-inmates ...


Shanghai, China: “Nontraditional” Traditional Chinese Medicine, Joshua Martin 2018 Purdue University

Shanghai, China: “Nontraditional” Traditional Chinese Medicine, Joshua Martin

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Joshua Martin is a second-year PharmD student in the Purdue University College of Pharmacy. Within the College of Pharmacy, he is the president-elect of the Industry Pharmacist Organization (IPhO), is on the Orientation Steering Committee for newly admitted PharmD students, and preforms nanoparticle research within the Industrial and Physical Pharmacy sector of the College. He hopes to pursue a career in the pharmaceutical industry where he can positively impact patients on a global scale. Josh comes from a family of Boilermakers and avidly supports the Black and Gold. In this article, he describes his experience studying at Shanghai University of ...


An Exploration Of The Quality Of Relationship Between Step-Children And Step-Parents Based On Address Term Usage, Sierra R. Payton 2018 Rowan University

An Exploration Of The Quality Of Relationship Between Step-Children And Step-Parents Based On Address Term Usage, Sierra R. Payton

Theses and Dissertations

This study aimed to examine address term usage as a communicative component of blended/step-families by examining the address terms that step-children use to address their step-parent and whether address term usage can allude to the quality of relationship reported by step-children within the step-child step-parent relationship. Rowan University undergraduate students (n=67) were recruited to complete questionnaires on address term usage and quality of relationship using the Quality of Relationships Inventory (QRI). Address term usage was the independent variable and was measured using three levels: formal, familiar, and familial. Quality of relationship was the dependent variable and was measured ...


Healthy Habits To Reduce Sleep Deprivation In College Students, Jenna L. Bair 2018 Brigham Young University

Healthy Habits To Reduce Sleep Deprivation In College Students, Jenna L. Bair

Intuition: The BYU Undergraduate Journal in Psychology

Abstract

Sleep can affect many regular functions in the body. Consequently, the physiological and psychological effects of sleep deprivation have many ramifications, including long-term health issues, depression, and eating disorders (Alhola & Polo-Kantola, 2007; Beiter et al., 2015; Jarcho, Slavich, Tylova-Stein, Wolkowitz, & Burke, 2013; Ozsoy, Besirli, Unal, Abdulrezzak, & Orhan, 2015). Despite the importance of sleep for regulative processes, studies indicate that the general population does not receive adequate sleep quality or length (Watson et al., 2017). College students represent a large demographic and often do not obtain enough sleep (Gaultney, 2010). Thus, it is proposed that collegiate institutions and students work together to combat the increasing issue of sleep deprivation. Universities should provide assistance by utilizing their resources to implement informative presentations and applicable course curriculum on the dangers of sleep deprivation. When taught, students are enabled to implement healthy habits. Healthy habits may include consistent sleep schedules and proper sleep length. Research suggests that as students implement these habits, both academic performance and overall quality of life will improve (Alhola & Polo-Kantola, 2007; Thomas, 2015).

Keywords: sleep deprivation, college students, depression, eating disorder


Project Resilience: A Community-Based Resilience Initiative To Engage Rural Adolescents Towards Healthy Functioning, Anthony J. Hill, Joshua Kirven 2018 Winthrop University

Project Resilience: A Community-Based Resilience Initiative To Engage Rural Adolescents Towards Healthy Functioning, Anthony J. Hill, Joshua Kirven

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Project Resilience: A community-based Resilience Initiative to engage rural adolescents towards healthy functioning

Project Resilience, a community-based resilience initiative was developed to address public concern. In the first part of the year of 2012 in a rural Mid-Atlantic state, eight adolescents and young adults died by suicide. Concerned public officials asked the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to assist with the epidemiologic investigation of these deaths. Mental health problems were found to be a significant contributing factor to the fatal suicide attempts. The scope of this paper will explore the potential influence of rural stress, trauma and violence ...


The Critical Need For Mental Health Education To Be Mandated In New Mexico's Public Schools, Bonnie L. Murphy 2018 University of New Mexico

The Critical Need For Mental Health Education To Be Mandated In New Mexico's Public Schools, Bonnie L. Murphy

Shared Knowledge Conference

Based on a review of research and best practices in mental health awareness and skills, this inquiry project argues for state legislative policies that would require mental health awareness and skills in the K-12 curriculum. Mental health affects individual accomplishments in every stage of people’s lives beginning in early childhood and throughout the life cycle. Prevention and treatment of mental illness plays a key role in the ability of an individual to cope with loss and develop resiliency and perseverance in challenging times and to make better decisions that improve the individual’s life and the lives of those ...


Reclaiming Health For Black Women And Girls: A Conversation With Dr. Jameta Nicole Barlow, Jameta N. Barlow, Tyanez Jones 2018 Towson University

Reclaiming Health For Black Women And Girls: A Conversation With Dr. Jameta Nicole Barlow, Jameta N. Barlow, Tyanez Jones

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

The Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis has traditionally published interviews with individuals who have strong connections to our special issue topics. We believe that interviews are important ways to contribute to the conversation surrounding critical issues in social justice.


Barriers To Change For Augmentative And Alternative Communication Use, Lauren E. Brown 2018 Murray State University

Barriers To Change For Augmentative And Alternative Communication Use, Lauren E. Brown

Scholars Week

Title: BARRIERS TO CHANGE FOR AUGMENTATIVE AND ALTERNATIVE COMMUNICATION USE

Keywords: speech language pathology, augmentative and alternative communication, counseling, readiness to change, self-efficacy

In recent literature, there has been a marked increase in importance placed upon understanding what factors both positively and negatively impact the progress made by a client and that client’s family in response to speech and language therapy. Today, clinicians prioritize evidence based practice (EBP) when making clinical decisions, focusing on not only clinical expertise and best evidence, but also client and caregiver perspectives, or preferences (ASHA, 2018). In consideration of EBP for augmentative and alternative ...


Integrated Treatment Of Substance Use Disorders And Trauma Experiences: The Women Of Worth Program, Melissa A. Lemke, Lisa Berger 2018 Center for Urban Population Health

Integrated Treatment Of Substance Use Disorders And Trauma Experiences: The Women Of Worth Program, Melissa A. Lemke, Lisa Berger

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Up to 60% of women who enter substance use disorder (SUD) treatment also have been diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is higher than the U.S. general population of women. Traditionally, SUD and mental health treatment have occurred in separate systems, and providers in each system tend to not be dually trained. Yet, current research has found that clients with PTSD in standard SUD treatment programs experience poorer outcomes compared to their counterparts without PTSD. Given the high prevalence of PTSD among women in SUD treatment, treating both disorders at the same time and by the same ...


Hospital Elder Life Program: A Retrospective Quality Improvement Project Of A Delirium Prevention Program, Jonny A. Macias Tejada, Marianne Klumph, Regina Manansala, Jessica J.F. Kram, Candice R. LeGros, Ariba Khan 2018 Aurora St. Luke's Medical Center

Hospital Elder Life Program: A Retrospective Quality Improvement Project Of A Delirium Prevention Program, Jonny A. Macias Tejada, Marianne Klumph, Regina Manansala, Jessica J.F. Kram, Candice R. Legros, Ariba Khan

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Delirium is an acute change in mental status commonly seen in hospitalized older adults. Although the occurrence of delirium is serious and is associated with adverse outcomes, patients with delirium may be prescribed antipsychotics/benzodiazepines, which may lead to potential side effects and other complications. The Hospital Elder Life Program (HELP) is a national evidence-based program designed to prevent delirium and functional decline. Research demonstrates that HELP decreases the onset and/or length of delirium episodes, functional decline in hospitalized older adults, and readmission rates, promotes nonpharmacological interventions, and is a cost-effective method for improving outcomes.

Purpose: To evaluate ...


Improving The Quality Of Life Of Patients With Chronic Pain: A Pilot Study, Betty Amuzu, Jessica J.F. Kram, Niraj Nijhawan 2018 Aurora UW Medical Group

Improving The Quality Of Life Of Patients With Chronic Pain: A Pilot Study, Betty Amuzu, Jessica J.F. Kram, Niraj Nijhawan

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Mind and body tools, such as exercise and meditation, can impact pain-reducing brain areas and lessen the pain experience for patients with chronic pain.

Purpose: To see if introduction of mind/body tools has measureable improvement on quality of life for patients with chronic pain.

Methods: As previously reported, we conducted a pilot study on adult women with stable chronic pain who were resistant to conventional therapies. Our intervention began in June 2015 and consisted of an initial 8-hour session. Following the initial session, meetings were 1.5 hours long weekly for 8 weeks, followed by biweekly meetings for ...


The Aurora Caregiver Wellness Program: Weight Loss And Health Insurance Claims Cost Reductions Among The Obese Population, George C. Mueller, Kelly Sutton 2018 Aurora Health Care

The Aurora Caregiver Wellness Program: Weight Loss And Health Insurance Claims Cost Reductions Among The Obese Population, George C. Mueller, Kelly Sutton

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Aurora Health Care’s caregiver wellness program provides incentives and resources to encourage weight loss for obese caregivers and spouses. Quantifying the benefits of these programs to the participants and to the organization was examined, including overall shift in body mass index (BMI) and change in health care claims costs for those who participated in the program.

Purpose: To understand the impact of an incentivized weight loss wellness program and the relationship between weight loss and caregiver health insurance claims costs.

Methods: Annual BMI screening data and health insurance claims costs were analyzed using a multiple regression model to ...


Umms Alum Raghu Kiran Appasani Addresses Un General Assembly On Global Mental Health, Lisa M. Larson 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Umms Alum Raghu Kiran Appasani Addresses Un General Assembly On Global Mental Health, Lisa M. Larson

Senior Scholars Program

This news story is about UMass Medical School alumnus Raghu Kiran Appasani, MD, SOM '18, who addressed the United Nations General Assembly in New York City to help launch the United for Global Mental Health campaign.

Appansani participated as a medical student in the Senior Scholars research program at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. His project was "The PRANA Study: A Formative Evaluation for Suicide Prevention Efforts in Gujurat, India."


Meeting The Intergenerational Needs Of Families Where A Parent Has A Mental Illness, Melinda Goodyear, Myfanwy McDonald, Henry von Doussa, Rose Cuff, Beth Dunlop 2018 School of Rural Health, Monash University and the Parenting Research Centre

Meeting The Intergenerational Needs Of Families Where A Parent Has A Mental Illness, Melinda Goodyear, Myfanwy Mcdonald, Henry Von Doussa, Rose Cuff, Beth Dunlop

Journal of Parent and Family Mental Health

Parental mental illness can have significant psychological, social and economic impacts on families. Because of the potential impact of a parent’s mental illness on children, it can also have an “intergenerational” impact. For example, children may develop a heightened awareness of their parent’s symptoms, become burdened with caring responsibilities and may even develop their own mental health conditions though a mix of genetic and environmental influences. It is important for services to address the intergenerational impacts of parental mental illness. This issue brief is about one program in Australia that may be able to meet the intergenerational needs ...


Why Should We Care? Psychodynamic Theory And Practice In Counselor Preparation, Elyssa Smith 2018 University of Wyoming

Why Should We Care? Psychodynamic Theory And Practice In Counselor Preparation, Elyssa Smith

The Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Abstract

This constructivist grounded theory investigation explored the experiences and perceptions of seven counselors-in-training regarding psychodynamic theory and practice. Two categories, five themes including three subthemes, and a tentative theory which spoke to the experiences, perceptions, and attitudes of students regarding contemporary psychodynamic psychotherapy emerged. Implications for counselor education and the training of counselors are discussed.

Keywords: counselor preparation, psychodynamic, reflective practice


Personality Dimensions And Attributional Styles In Individuals With And Without Gender Dysphoria, Siamak Khodarahimi, Hassan Ali Veiskarami, Maria Mercedes Ovejero Bruna 2018 Eghlid Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran

Personality Dimensions And Attributional Styles In Individuals With And Without Gender Dysphoria, Siamak Khodarahimi, Hassan Ali Veiskarami, Maria Mercedes Ovejero Bruna

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

This research investigates personality dimensions and attributional styles among individuals with and without gender dysphoria in relationship to gender, educational level, and ethnicity. Participants were 60 men and women with and without gender dysphoria. A demographic sheet and two inventories were used. Results showed that patients with gender dysphoria had significantly higher neuroticism and lower agreeableness compared with individuals without gender dysphoria. No significance differences in extraversion, openness to experience, and conscientiousness (based on the “big five” personality model) were found between those with and without gender dysphoria. Also, individuals without gender dysphoria had higher positive attributional styles compared to ...


Quality Of Life In Romanian Patients With Schizophrenia Based On Gender, Type Of Schizophrenia, Therapeutic Approach, And Family History, Elena Alina Rosca, Ovidiu Eugen Alexinschi, Călin Brîncuș, Valentin Petre Matei, Ana Giurgiuca 2018 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Alexandru Obregia Clinical Hospital of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Bucharest, Romania

Quality Of Life In Romanian Patients With Schizophrenia Based On Gender, Type Of Schizophrenia, Therapeutic Approach, And Family History, Elena Alina Rosca, Ovidiu Eugen Alexinschi, Călin Brîncuș, Valentin Petre Matei, Ana Giurgiuca

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The low quality of life of patients with schizophrenia has been extensively discussed and investigated. Various aspects from gender, socio-demographic profile, and/or type of neuroleptic treatment have been taken into account in describing this condition. The purpose of this study is to assess the perceived quality of life of Romanian patients suffering from schizophrenia and to correlate it with gender differences, type of schizophrenia, family history of psychiatric illness, and type of antipsychotic treatment. 143 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM IV-TR and ICD 10 were included in the study. Social demographic data were documented and further assessment ...


Using Recovery Coaches In Substance Use Disorder Treatment, Susan Marie Halpin M.Ed., Robert Ryan LADC, Richard J. Kenny CADC 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Using Recovery Coaches In Substance Use Disorder Treatment, Susan Marie Halpin M.Ed., Robert Ryan Ladc, Richard J. Kenny Cadc

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

A Recovery Coach is a person who helps remove the personal and environmental obstacles to recovery, links the newly recovering person to the recovering community and serves as a personal guide and mentor in the management of personal and family recovery. In this webinar you will learn what motivational interviewing is and how it aids in the change process and communicates acceptance. Rich and Rob will present an overview of the Recovery Coaching program at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center. They will also share the data they have collected from their program about the use of recovery coaching in ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress