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573 full-text articles. Page 6 of 26.

Rising Rural Body-Mass Index Is The Main Driver Of The Global Obesity Epidemic In Adults, Con Burns, Tara Coppinger, Janette Walton, Et Al 2019 Department of Sport, Leisure & Childhood Studies, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, Ireland

Rising Rural Body-Mass Index Is The Main Driver Of The Global Obesity Epidemic In Adults, Con Burns, Tara Coppinger, Janette Walton, Et Al

Dept. of Sports, Leisure & Early Childhood Studies Publications

Body-mass index (BMI) has increased steadily in most countries in parallel with a rise in the proportion of the population who live in cities1,2. This has led to a widely reported view that urbanization is one of the most important drivers of the global rise in obesity3,4,5,6. Here we use 2,009 population-based studies, with measurements of height and weight in more than 112 million adults, to report national, regional and global trends in mean BMI segregated by place of residence (a rural or urban area) from 1985 to 2017. We show that, contrary ...


Type 2 Diabetes And Its Prevalence In The Youth Population, Hannah Johnston 2019 Salem State University

Type 2 Diabetes And Its Prevalence In The Youth Population, Hannah Johnston

Honors Theses

There is a rise in cases of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) in all populations especially adolescents. This paper provides a literature review of clinical studies and evidence that identified the dynamics around the rise in T2D in adolescents and determined that by introducing exercise programs, altered diet and emotional support, the incidence of adolescent T2D should decrease. The prevalence of adolescent obesity directly relates to the number of youths diagnosed with T2D, so targeting obesity and T2D issues concurrently should ensure improvements in T2D. The overall goal of this project was to determine whether there was an issue regarding T2D ...


The Influence Of Exergaming On Heart Rate, Perceived Exertion, Motivation To Exercise, And Time Spent Exercising, Tuong Thai 2019 Salem State University

The Influence Of Exergaming On Heart Rate, Perceived Exertion, Motivation To Exercise, And Time Spent Exercising, Tuong Thai

Honors Theses

Objective: With the technological advances in today’s society, active videogames (or exergames) have become more commonplace. Virtual reality (VR) exergames have begun to emerge with more readily available, affordable technology that can be bought online and in stores. This study focused on the popular VR game Beat Saber (Beat Games 2018) and its overall effectiveness in getting individuals to exercise in comparison to a treadmill condition one can do at a gym. It was hypothesized that participants will have similar heart rates, equally high perceived exertion, higher intrinsic motivation to exercise, and have more time spent exercising in Beat ...


Effects Of Exercise On Eeg Activity And Standard Tools Used To Assess Concussion, David M Devilbiss, Jena L Etnoyer-Slaski, Emily Dunn, Christopher R Dussourd, Mayuresh V Kothare, Stephen J Martino, Adam J Simon 2019 Rowan University

Effects Of Exercise On Eeg Activity And Standard Tools Used To Assess Concussion, David M Devilbiss, Jena L Etnoyer-Slaski, Emily Dunn, Christopher R Dussourd, Mayuresh V Kothare, Stephen J Martino, Adam J Simon

School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

A variety of cognitive assessment tools are used to determine the functional status of the brain before and after injury in athletes. Questionnaires, neuropsychological tests, and electroencephalographic (EEG) measures have been recently used to directly assess brain function on and near the playing field. However, exercise can affect cognitive performance and EEG measures of cortical activity. To date, little empirical evidence exists on the effects of acute exercise on these measures of neurological function. We therefore quantified athlete performance on a standardized battery of concussion assessment tools and EEG measurements immediately before and after acute exercise to simulate conditions of ...


Chronic Knee Pain In A Female Field Hockey Player, Charlene I. Jones MD, Nicholas Slenker MD 2019 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Chronic Knee Pain In A Female Field Hockey Player, Charlene I. Jones Md, Nicholas Slenker Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Vague Hip Pain In A 9-Year Old Soccer Player, Paolo N. Balmaseda MD, Chelsea Evans DO 2019 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Vague Hip Pain In A 9-Year Old Soccer Player, Paolo N. Balmaseda Md, Chelsea Evans Do

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Comparing The Incidence Of Head Impacts Sustained In Conference Versus Non-Conference Women’S Soccer Games, Courtney Acors 2019 University of Lynchburg

Comparing The Incidence Of Head Impacts Sustained In Conference Versus Non-Conference Women’S Soccer Games, Courtney Acors

Student Scholar Showcase

Context: Investigating head impacts in women’s soccer has become of increased interest due to women’s soccer having one of the highest concussion injury rates among organized sports. Objective: To determine frequency and magnitude differences in head impacts sustained by collegiate women’s soccer players during conference and non-conference game. Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Setting: Soccer fields. Participants: 24 intercollegiate women’s soccer players (age=19.65±1.27 years, height=165.80±4.87 cm, mass = 64.45±7.38 kg). Interventions: Game type served as the independent variable (non-conference and conference). We measured frequency and magnitude (peak ...


Rotator Cuff Tear Progression In Professional Contact Athletes, Gautam Yagnik, William Davis, Michael Swartzon, John Uribe 2019 Baptist Health Medical Group; Miami Orthopedics & Sports Medicine Institute

Rotator Cuff Tear Progression In Professional Contact Athletes, Gautam Yagnik, William Davis, Michael Swartzon, John Uribe

Michael Swartzon

No abstract provided.


A Traumatic Three-Level Brachial Plexus Palsy With Upper Trunk Avulsion, Andre Anderson, Michael Swartzon, Gautam Yagnik, John Uribe 2019 West Kendall Baptist Hospital

A Traumatic Three-Level Brachial Plexus Palsy With Upper Trunk Avulsion, Andre Anderson, Michael Swartzon, Gautam Yagnik, John Uribe

Michael Swartzon

No abstract provided.


Rotator Cuff Tear Progression In Professional Contact Athletes, Gautam Yagnik, William Davis, Michael Swartzon, John Uribe 2019 Baptist Health Medical Group; Miami Orthopedics & Sports Medicine Institute

Rotator Cuff Tear Progression In Professional Contact Athletes, Gautam Yagnik, William Davis, Michael Swartzon, John Uribe

John Uribe

No abstract provided.


A Traumatic Three-Level Brachial Plexus Palsy With Upper Trunk Avulsion, Andre Anderson, Michael Swartzon, Gautam Yagnik, John Uribe 2019 West Kendall Baptist Hospital

A Traumatic Three-Level Brachial Plexus Palsy With Upper Trunk Avulsion, Andre Anderson, Michael Swartzon, Gautam Yagnik, John Uribe

John Uribe

No abstract provided.


Is The Current Concussion Protocol For Student Athletes Enough?, Trey Morgan, Barbara McClaskey 2019 Pittsburg State University

Is The Current Concussion Protocol For Student Athletes Enough?, Trey Morgan, Barbara Mcclaskey

Posters

In the world of sports there are bound to be accidents and one of the most common kinds of accidents are concussions. It has been reported that 10-20% of high school student athletes will experience a concussion. The purpose of this study was to examine the current concussion protocol for student athletes and to identify the best practices for a diagnosis and follow-up to decrease the likelihood of any severe brain damage. The methodology was a literature review. Evidence in the literature reported that individual educational plans (IEP) have been shown to be good at helping student athletes get back ...


Benefits Of Onsite Health Programs In The Corporate Setting, Nathan Cook 2019 University of Southern Maine

Benefits Of Onsite Health Programs In The Corporate Setting, Nathan Cook

Thinking Matters Symposium Archive

Worksite health care clinics and corporate wellness programs are becoming a staple of companies at all levels. Companies are finding that having onsite healthcare clinics as well as comprehensive wellness programs are not only good incentives for employees but actually able to save large amounts of money with injury prevention, decrease in lost productivity and a number of other factors. A 2010 meta- analysis looking at the Return-Of Investment (ROI) found that there was an average of $3.27 per dollar spent on wellness initiatives ROI. Yearly savings can be upwards of $225,000 in some cases as the Sygenta ...


Headaches In Athletes, Michael Swartzon 2019 Doctors Hospital; Center for Orthopedics & Sports Medicine

Headaches In Athletes, Michael Swartzon

Michael Swartzon

No abstract provided.


Sport Participation And Specialization Characteristics Among Pediatric Soccer Athletes, Tamara Valovich McLeod, Michael Israel, Melissa A. Christino, Jane S. Chung, Scott D. McKay, Pamela J. Lang, David R. Bell, Charles M. Chan, Allison Crepeau, Elizabeth Davis, Amanda L. Fletcher, Jessica Laniak, Kelsie McCaffrey, Donna M. Pacicca, Mark Riederer, Katherine Rizzone, Jeremy K. Rush, Tracy Zaslow 2019 University of Wisconsin-Madison

Sport Participation And Specialization Characteristics Among Pediatric Soccer Athletes, Tamara Valovich Mcleod, Michael Israel, Melissa A. Christino, Jane S. Chung, Scott D. Mckay, Pamela J. Lang, David R. Bell, Charles M. Chan, Allison Crepeau, Elizabeth Davis, Amanda L. Fletcher, Jessica Laniak, Kelsie Mccaffrey, Donna M. Pacicca, Mark Riederer, Katherine Rizzone, Jeremy K. Rush, Tracy Zaslow

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

© The Author(s) 2019.

Background: Soccer is an increasingly popular sport for children and adolescents in the United States. Little is known about participation patterns related to sport specialization.

Purpose: To investigate soccer participation levels and sport specialization characteristics among youth soccer athletes.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Adolescent athletes aged between 12 and 18 years completed an online survey addressing participant demographics, sports and soccer participation history, and level of specialization. Descriptive analyses characterized participation, while chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests assessed the influence of specialization, sex, and grade on survey variables.

Results: Overall, 83.7% of 746 respondents participated ...


Temporary Fracture Stabilization Device, Steven J. Lawrence 2019 University of Kentucky

Temporary Fracture Stabilization Device, Steven J. Lawrence

Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine Faculty Patents

A temporary fracture stabilization device includes a first intramedullary fixation rod, a second intramedullary fixation rod, a first extramedullary connector, a second extramedullary connector and a fastener. A field kit for temporary fracture stabilization is also disclosed.


Differences In Semg Between Normal Squats And Accentuated Eccentric Loaded Squats In Competitive Collegiate Weightlifters, Christopher MacDonalds, Kimitake Sato, Christian Carter, Hugh Lamont, William Sands, Michael H. Stone, Michael Israetel, Jeremy A. Gentles, Jason Cholewa, John Garner, Michael Ramsey, Guy Hornsby 2019 Coastal Carolina University

Differences In Semg Between Normal Squats And Accentuated Eccentric Loaded Squats In Competitive Collegiate Weightlifters, Christopher Macdonalds, Kimitake Sato, Christian Carter, Hugh Lamont, William Sands, Michael H. Stone, Michael Israetel, Jeremy A. Gentles, Jason Cholewa, John Garner, Michael Ramsey, Guy Hornsby

Jeremy A. Gentles

The purpose of the present work was to compare the effect of accentuated eccentric loaded (AEL) squats to normally loaded (NOR) squats on surface measured muscle activation (sEMG) in competitive weightlifters. Eight experienced, competitive weightlifters (six males, two females) completed both an AEL and NOR squat session (seven days apart), comprised of nine sets of squats, and was identical to their normal scheduled training. sEMG data from the vastus medialis (VM), vastus lateralis (VL), and biceps femoris (BF) was collected (at 1000Hz) during the entirety of the concentric (CON) phases of the AEL and NOR sessions. RMANOVAs (set x session-type ...


Relationships Between Jump Characteristics Of Collegiate Female Athletes Competing In Different Disciplines, Christopher J. MacDonalds, Hugh S. Lamont, John C. Garner, Jeremy A. Gentles, Ashley A. Kavanaugh, Michael H. Stone 2019 East Tennessee State University

Relationships Between Jump Characteristics Of Collegiate Female Athletes Competing In Different Disciplines, Christopher J. Macdonalds, Hugh S. Lamont, John C. Garner, Jeremy A. Gentles, Ashley A. Kavanaugh, Michael H. Stone

Jeremy A. Gentles

No abstract provided.


Cell Free Dna As A Marker Of Training Status In Weightlifters, Jeremy A. Gentles, William G. Hornsby, Christine L. Coniglio, Andy R. Dotterweich, Jon A. Miller, Charles A. Stuart, Michael H. Stone 2019 Armstrong State University

Cell Free Dna As A Marker Of Training Status In Weightlifters, Jeremy A. Gentles, William G. Hornsby, Christine L. Coniglio, Andy R. Dotterweich, Jon A. Miller, Charles A. Stuart, Michael H. Stone

Jeremy A. Gentles

The purpose of this investigation was to elucidate the changes in cf-DNA as it relates to fluctuations in resistance training workloads and intensities. The relationship between cell free DNA (cf-DNA), C-reactive protein (CRP), creatine kinase (CK), testosterone (T), cortisol (C), testosterone-cortisol ratio (T:C), body mass and body composition were also examined. Eight weightlifters (5 males and 3 females, age = 25 ± 3.5 yr, body mass = 88.3 ± 22.7 kg, height = 173.8 ±8.4 cm) volunteered to participate in this study. Venous blood samples, body mass and body composition were taken six times, each corresponding to the end ...


The Effects Of Strength Training On Isometric Force Production Symmetry In Recreationally Trained Males, Caleb D. Bazyler, Christopher A. Bailey, Chieh-Ying Chiang, Kimitake Sato, Michael H. Stone 2019 East Tennessee State University

The Effects Of Strength Training On Isometric Force Production Symmetry In Recreationally Trained Males, Caleb D. Bazyler, Christopher A. Bailey, Chieh-Ying Chiang, Kimitake Sato, Michael H. Stone

Michael H. Stone

Objectives: The purpose of this investigation was to determine what effect a bilateral strength training regimen has on isometric force production symmetry and if changes in force production symmetry can be accounted for by differences in pre-intervention strength levels. Design: Sixteen recreationally trained males (1-RM squat: 146.8 ± 23.0 kg.) were assigned to two groups for the 7-week training intervention: strong (S) and weak (W) based on pre-training squat isometric peak force allometrically scaled (IPFa) at 120° knee angle. Methods: Subjects completed a 7-week training intervention following a block-periodized model and were tested on measures of dynamic (1RM squat ...


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