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Consecutive Case Series Of Melanoma Sentinel Node Biopsy For Lymphoseek Compared To Sulfur Colloids, Caitlin Silvestri, Adrienne Christopher, MD, Charles Intenzo, MD, John C. Kairys, MD, Sung Kim, MD, Alliric Willis, MD, Adam C. Berger, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Consecutive Case Series Of Melanoma Sentinel Node Biopsy For Lymphoseek Compared To Sulfur Colloids, Caitlin Silvestri, Adrienne Christopher, Md, Charles Intenzo, Md, John C. Kairys, Md, Sung Kim, Md, Alliric Willis, Md, Adam C. Berger, Md

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

Introduction: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is an important adjunct in the staging of patients with melanoma. Preoperative lymphoscintigraphy (LS) with radiolabeled isotopes is essential to localize sentinel nodes for removal. Our study compared the effectiveness of Lymphoseek to standard sulfur colloids (SC) in patients with melanoma undergoing SLNB.

Methods: We queried our IRB-approved melanoma database to identify 370 consecutive patients who underwent SLNB from 2012-2016 with at least one year of follow up. There were 185 patients in each group. Data points included characteristics of the primary melanoma lymphoscintigraphy, and SLNB. Student’s t-test and Chi-Square were used to ...


The Pervasive Crisis Of Diminishing Radiation Therapy Access For Vulnerable Populations In The United States—Part 4: Appalachian Patients, Shearwood McClelland III, Tasneem Kaleem, Mark E. Bernard, Hiba Z. Ahmed, Terence T. Sio, Robert C. Miller 2018 Oregon Health & Science University

The Pervasive Crisis Of Diminishing Radiation Therapy Access For Vulnerable Populations In The United States—Part 4: Appalachian Patients, Shearwood Mcclelland Iii, Tasneem Kaleem, Mark E. Bernard, Hiba Z. Ahmed, Terence T. Sio, Robert C. Miller

Radiation Medicine Faculty Publications

Purpose: Compared with the rest of the United States, the population of Appalachia has lower education levels, higher rates of poverty, and limited access to health care. The presence of disparities in radiation therapy (RT) access for Appalachian patients with cancer has rarely been examined.

Methods and materials: The National Cancer Institute initiatives toward addressing disparities in treatment access for rural populations were examined. An extensive literature search was undertaken for studies investigating RT access disparities in Appalachian patients, beginning with the most common cancers in these patients (lung, colorectal, and cervical).

Results: Although the literature investigating RT access disparities ...


Cogstate Computerized Memory Tests In Patients With Brain Metastases: Secondary Endpoint Results Of Nrg Oncology Rtog 0933., Chip Caine, Snehal Deshmukh, Vinai Gondi, Minesh Mehta, Wolfgang Tomé, Benjamin W. Corn, Andrew Kanner, Howard Rowley, Vijayananda Kundapur, Albert DeNittis, Jeffrey Noah Greenspoon, Andre A. Konski, Glenn S. Bauman, Adam Raben, Wenyin Shi, Merideth Wendland, Lisa Kachnic 2018 Intermountain Medical Center; University of Phoenix

Cogstate Computerized Memory Tests In Patients With Brain Metastases: Secondary Endpoint Results Of Nrg Oncology Rtog 0933., Chip Caine, Snehal Deshmukh, Vinai Gondi, Minesh Mehta, Wolfgang Tomé, Benjamin W. Corn, Andrew Kanner, Howard Rowley, Vijayananda Kundapur, Albert Denittis, Jeffrey Noah Greenspoon, Andre A. Konski, Glenn S. Bauman, Adam Raben, Wenyin Shi, Merideth Wendland, Lisa Kachnic

Minesh Mehta

Whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) is associated with memory dysfunction. As part of NRG Oncology RTOG 0933, a phase II study of WBRT for brain metastases that conformally avoided the hippocampal stem cell compartment (HA-WBRT), memory was assessed pre- and post-HA-WBRT using both traditional and computerized memory tests. We examined whether the computerized tests yielded similar findings and might serve as possible alternatives for assessment of memory in multi-institution clinical trials. Adult patients with brain metastases received HA-WBRT to 30 Gy in ten fractions and completed Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R), CogState International Shopping List Test (ISLT) and One Card Learning ...


Advances In Modern Clinical Ultrasound, Sriharsha Gummadi, MD, John R. Eisenbrey, PhD, Jingzhi Li, MD, Zhaojun Li, MD, Flemming Forsberg, PhD, Andrej Lyshchik, MD, Ji-Bin Liu, MD 2018 Lankenau Medical Center; Thomas Jefferson University

Advances In Modern Clinical Ultrasound, Sriharsha Gummadi, Md, John R. Eisenbrey, Phd, Jingzhi Li, Md, Zhaojun Li, Md, Flemming Forsberg, Phd, Andrej Lyshchik, Md, Ji-Bin Liu, Md

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Advances in modern clinical ultrasound include developments in ultrasound signal processing, imaging techniques and clinical applications. Improvements in ultrasound processing include contrast and high-fidelity ultrasound imaging to expand B-mode imaging and microvascular (or microluminal) discrimination. Similarly, volumetric sonography, automated or intelligent ultrasound, and fusion imaging developed from the innate limitations of planar ultrasound, including user-operator technical dependencies and complex anatomic spatial prerequisites. Additionally, ultrasound techniques and instrumentation have evolved towards expanding access amongst clinicians and patients. To that end, portability of ultrasound systems has become paramount. This has afforded growth into the point-of-care ultrasound and remote or tele-ultrasound arenas. In ...


A Glance At Imaging Bladder Cancer., Ebru Salmanoglu, Ethan J. Halpern, Edouard J. Trabulsi, Sung Kim, Mathew L. Thakur 2018 Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University

A Glance At Imaging Bladder Cancer., Ebru Salmanoglu, Ethan J. Halpern, Edouard J. Trabulsi, Sung Kim, Mathew L. Thakur

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Purpose: Early and accurate diagnosis of Bladder cancer (BCa) will contribute extensively to the management of the disease. The purpose of this review was to briefly describe the conventional imaging methods and other novel imaging modalities used for early detection of BCa and outline their pros and cons.

Methods: Literature search was performed on Pubmed, PMC, and Google scholar for the period of January 2014 to February 2018 and using such words as "bladder cancer, bladder tumor, bladder cancer detection, diagnosis and imaging".

Results: A total of 81 published papers were retrieved and are included in the review. For patients ...


Progress Of In-Stent Restenosis After Vertebral Artery Ostium Stenosis And Imaging Assessments, Jingzhi Li, MD, John R. Eisenbrey, PhD, Yang Hua, MD 2018 Capital Medical University; Thomas Jefferson University

Progress Of In-Stent Restenosis After Vertebral Artery Ostium Stenosis And Imaging Assessments, Jingzhi Li, Md, John R. Eisenbrey, Phd, Yang Hua, Md

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Stenting has become one of the primary procedure to treat vertebral artery ostium stenosis patients. Postoperative in­stent restenosis (ISR) of the stenting is still one of the unsolved issues and requires systematic and further investigation. Through imaging assessments, ISR could be identified and evaluated in clinical practice and researches.


Trans-Lymphatic Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound In Combination With Blue Dye Injection Is Feasible For Detection And Biopsy Of Sentinel Lymph Nodes In Breast Cancer, Xiangmei Chen, MD, Jieyu Zhong, MD, Zhengming Hu, MD, Wei Wei, MD, Weihua Yin, MD, Ligang Cui, MD, Ji-Bin Liu, MD, Desheng Sun, MD 2018 Peking University

Trans-Lymphatic Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound In Combination With Blue Dye Injection Is Feasible For Detection And Biopsy Of Sentinel Lymph Nodes In Breast Cancer, Xiangmei Chen, Md, Jieyu Zhong, Md, Zhengming Hu, Md, Wei Wei, Md, Weihua Yin, Md, Ligang Cui, Md, Ji-Bin Liu, Md, Desheng Sun, Md

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Objective: The best method for sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in early-staged breast cancer (EBC) remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate a novel method by combining trans-lymphatic contrast-enhanced ultrasound (TLCEUS) with blue dye injection as a guidance of SLNB.

Methods: TLCEUS was performed in 88 patients with newly diagnosed EBC. Methylene blue dye was percutaneously injected into enhanced sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) under ultrasound guidance, followed by standard SLNB and axillary lymph node dissection. Enhancement patterns and the arriving time (AT) of contrast agent within SLNs were evaluated. Histopathological examination of dissected nodes was performed to confirm metastasis.

Results ...


Role Of Multi-Parametric (Mp) Mri In Prostate Cancer, Syed Muhammad Nazim, Ather Enam, Basit Salam 2018 Aga Khan University

Role Of Multi-Parametric (Mp) Mri In Prostate Cancer, Syed Muhammad Nazim, Ather Enam, Basit Salam

Section of Urology

Multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging is increasingly being recommended as standard imaging modality for prostate cancer diagnosis and staging. It comprises structural T2 and T1 sequences supplemented by functional imaging techniques, i.e. diffusion-weighted, dynamic contrast enhanced and spectroscopic imaging. Pre-biopsy multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging is recommended for both detection and staging as it avoids biopsy artefact, and when normal, has a negative predictive value of 95% for significant cancer. Magnetic resonance imaging-guided prostate biopsy targets only area(s) considered to be suspicious for prostate cancer, hence resulting in improved accuracy. Dynamic contrast enhancing helps in the detection of cancer and ...


The Impact Of Serum Glucose, Anti-Diabetic Agents, And Statin Usage In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Treated With Definitive Chemoradiation, Nick A. Iarrobino, Beant S. Gill, Mark E. Bernard, Rainer J. Klement, Maria Werner-Wasik, Colin E. Champ 2018 University of Pittsburgh

The Impact Of Serum Glucose, Anti-Diabetic Agents, And Statin Usage In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Treated With Definitive Chemoradiation, Nick A. Iarrobino, Beant S. Gill, Mark E. Bernard, Rainer J. Klement, Maria Werner-Wasik, Colin E. Champ

Radiation Medicine Faculty Publications

Introduction: Epidemiologic data indicate diabetes confers an augmented risk of lung cancer development, yet the relationship between hyperglycemia, metabolic agents, and prognosis is unclear. We analyzed the impact of hyperglycemia, anti-diabetic agents, and statins on outcomes in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients undergoing chemoradiation.

Method and Materials: In total, data from 170 patients with stage III NSCLC treated at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center between 2001 and 2014 were obtained for analysis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to estimate time-to-event for overall survival (OS), disease-free survival, distant metastasis (DM), and loco-regional control (LRC). Blood glucose values (n = 2870 ...


Prognostic Factors For Elderly Patients Treated With Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy For Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma, Philip A. Sutera, Mark E. Bernard, Hong Wang, Dwight E. Heron 2018 University of Pittsburgh

Prognostic Factors For Elderly Patients Treated With Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy For Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma, Philip A. Sutera, Mark E. Bernard, Hong Wang, Dwight E. Heron

Radiation Medicine Faculty Publications

Introduction: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) commonly presents later in life with a median age at diagnosis of 70 years. Unfortunately, elderly patients are significantly underrepresented in clinical trials. Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a promising treatment modality in this population as it has demonstrated excellent local control with minimal toxicity. We aimed to determine prognostic factors associated with outcomes in elderly patients treated with SBRT.

Materials and Methods: Elderly patients older than 70 treated with SBRT for PDAC at our institution, from 2004 to 2014 were included. Our primary endpoints included overall survival (OS) and local-progression-free survival (LPFS). Secondary ...


Development And Validation Of A New Mri Simulation Technique That Can Reliably Estimate Optimal In Vivo Scanning Parameters In A Glioblastoma Murine Model, Andrea Protti, Kristen L. Jones, Dennis M. Bonal, Lei Qin, Letterio S. Politi, Sasha Kravets, Quang-De Nguyen, Annick D. Van den Abbeele 2018 Harvard Medical School

Development And Validation Of A New Mri Simulation Technique That Can Reliably Estimate Optimal In Vivo Scanning Parameters In A Glioblastoma Murine Model, Andrea Protti, Kristen L. Jones, Dennis M. Bonal, Lei Qin, Letterio S. Politi, Sasha Kravets, Quang-De Nguyen, Annick D. Van Den Abbeele

Radiology Publications

BACKGROUND: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) relies on optimal scanning parameters to achieve maximal signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and high contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) between tissues resulting in high quality images. The optimization of such parameters is often laborious, time consuming, and user-dependent, making harmonization of imaging parameters a difficult task. In this report, we aim to develop and validate a computer simulation technique that can reliably provide "optimal in vivo scanning parameters" ready to be used for in vivo evaluation of disease models.

METHODS: A glioblastoma murine model was investigated using several MRI imaging methods. Such MRI methods underwent a simulated and ...


Radiography Faculty Engaged In Online Education: Perceptions Of Effectiveness, Satisfaction, And Technological Self-Efficacy, Shirley J. Cherry, Bethany H. Flora 2018 East Tennessee State University

Radiography Faculty Engaged In Online Education: Perceptions Of Effectiveness, Satisfaction, And Technological Self-Efficacy, Shirley J. Cherry, Bethany H. Flora

Shirley J. Cherry

Purpose To assess radiography faculty perceptions of the effectiveness of online courses.

Methods An original survey instrument was created by selecting items from 3 instruments used in prior research and adding unique questions designed to elicit demographic data from faculty. The sample included a national dataset of radiography faculty members employed in Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology–accredited programs in the United States.

Results Findings showed that faculty perceptions of online course effectiveness are not affected significantly by faculty position, type of institution, faculty age, or years of teaching experience. Positive perceptions of the effectiveness of online ...


Teaching Radiologists Who Perform Image Guided Interventions Effective Communication Skills Through Simulation, Carolynn M. DeBenedectis, Max P. Rosen 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Teaching Radiologists Who Perform Image Guided Interventions Effective Communication Skills Through Simulation, Carolynn M. Debenedectis, Max P. Rosen

Radiology Publications

The purpose of this project is to teach radiologists who perform image guided interventions effective communication skills. Complaints related to communication errors between Radiologists and patients during interventional procedures are not uncommon. Communication for Radiologists performing IR procedures can be challenging since they are meeting the patient for the first time on the day of the procedure. Good communication skills are important to foster a good doctor/patient relationship, which can improve clinical outcomes and even decrease litigation.1 There is growing emphasis on communication skills/patient centered care in radiology.2 This is evident given the American College of ...


Discriminating Radiation Injury From Recurrent Tumor With [18f]Parpi And Amino Acid Pet In Mouse Models, Patrick L. Donabedian, Susanne Kossatz, John A. Engelbach, Stephen A. Jannetti, Brandon Carney, Robert J. Young, Wolfgang A. Weber, Joel R. Garbow, Thomas Reiner 2018 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Discriminating Radiation Injury From Recurrent Tumor With [18f]Parpi And Amino Acid Pet In Mouse Models, Patrick L. Donabedian, Susanne Kossatz, John A. Engelbach, Stephen A. Jannetti, Brandon Carney, Robert J. Young, Wolfgang A. Weber, Joel R. Garbow, Thomas Reiner

Publications and Research

Background

Radiation injury can be indistinguishable from recurrent tumor on standard imaging. Current protocols for this differential diagnosis require one or more follow-up imaging studies, long dynamic acquisitions, or complex image post-processing; despite much research, the inability to confidently distinguish between these two entities continues to pose a significant dilemma for the treating clinician. Using mouse models of both glioblastoma and radiation necrosis, we tested the potential of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-targeted PET imaging with [18F]PARPi to better discriminate radiation injury from tumor.

Results

In mice with experimental radiation necrosis, lesion uptake on [18F]PARPi-PET was ...


Twin Reversed Arterial Perfusion Sequence: Assessing The Role Of The Correct Imaging Modality In A Rare Clinical Entity, Imrana Masroor, Sarah Saleem, Aliya Aziz, Romana Idress 2018 Aga Khan University

Twin Reversed Arterial Perfusion Sequence: Assessing The Role Of The Correct Imaging Modality In A Rare Clinical Entity, Imrana Masroor, Sarah Saleem, Aliya Aziz, Romana Idress

Department of Radiology

Acardiac twin formation is a rare anomaly. It is one of the most extreme complications of monozygotic twin pregnancies. Such occurrences are brought about when a normal twin donates blood to an abnormal twin through its umbilical arteries via vascular anastomoses at the level of the placenta, which is termed as twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence (TRAPS). Twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence is considered a rare variant of twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. Due to the considerable blood transfer from the healthy twin to the parasitic one, cardiac failure can ensue in the healthy twin. The mortality of the acardiac twin is ...


Higher Event Rate In Patients With High-Risk Duke Treadmill Score Despite Normal Exercise-Gated Myocardial Perfusion Imaging, Maseeh uz Zaman, Nosheen Fatima, Areeba Zaman, Unaiza Zaman, Rabia Tehseen, Sidra Zaman 2018 Aga Khan University

Higher Event Rate In Patients With High-Risk Duke Treadmill Score Despite Normal Exercise-Gated Myocardial Perfusion Imaging, Maseeh Uz Zaman, Nosheen Fatima, Areeba Zaman, Unaiza Zaman, Rabia Tehseen, Sidra Zaman

Department of Radiology

his prospective study was carried out to find the negative predictive value of various Duke Treadmill Scores (DTSs) in patients with normal myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). This study was conducted from August 2012 to July 2015, and 603 patients having normal exercise MPIs were included. Patients were followed for 2 years for fatal myocardial infarction (FMI) and nonfatal myocardial infarction (NFMI). Follow-up was not available in 23 patients, leaving a cohort of 583 participants. DTS was low risk (≥5) in 286, intermediate risk (between 4 and - 10) in 211, and high risk (≤-11) in 86 patients. Patients with high- and ...


Subdermal Ultrasound Contrast Agent Injection For Sentinel Lymph Node Identification: An Analysis Of Safety And Contrast Agent Dose In Healthy Volunteers., Priscilla Machado, Maria Stanczak, Ji-Bin Liu, Jason N. Moore, John R. Eisenbrey, Laurence Needleman, Walter K. Kraft, Flemming Forsberg 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Subdermal Ultrasound Contrast Agent Injection For Sentinel Lymph Node Identification: An Analysis Of Safety And Contrast Agent Dose In Healthy Volunteers., Priscilla Machado, Maria Stanczak, Ji-Bin Liu, Jason N. Moore, John R. Eisenbrey, Laurence Needleman, Walter K. Kraft, Flemming Forsberg

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Objectives—Mapping of the lymphatic chain for identification of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) is an important aspect of predicting outcomes for breast cancer patients, and it is usually performed as an intraoperative procedure using blue dye and/or radiopharmaceuticals agents. Recently the use of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has been proposed as an alternative imaging technique for this mapping. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of subdermal administration of the ultrasound contrast agent Sonazoid (GE Healthcare) in terms of patient safety and to select the dose to be used for lymphatic applications in humans.

Methods—This ...


A Dose Falloff Gradient Study In Rapidarc Planning Of Lung Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy, Ganesh Narayanasamy, Dharmin Desai, Sanjay Maraboyina, Jose Penagaricano, Robert Zwicker, Ellis Lee Johnson 2018 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

A Dose Falloff Gradient Study In Rapidarc Planning Of Lung Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy, Ganesh Narayanasamy, Dharmin Desai, Sanjay Maraboyina, Jose Penagaricano, Robert Zwicker, Ellis Lee Johnson

Radiation Medicine Faculty Publications

Introduction: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) report #0813 and 0915 recommends using D2cm and R50% as plan quality metrics for evaluation of normal tissue sparing in stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) of lung lesion. This study introduces dose falloff gradient (DFG) as a tool for analyzing the dose beyond the planning target volume (PTV) extending into normal tissue structures. In ascertaining the impact of PTV size and SBRT planning techniques in DFG, this study questions the independence of the RTOG recommended metrics. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, 41 RapidArc lung SBRT plans with 2 or 3 ...


Labrad : Vol 44, Issue 1 - July 2018, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi 2018 Aga Khan University

Labrad : Vol 44, Issue 1 - July 2018, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi

LABRAD

  • How to Investigate a Bleeding Disorder
  • Nucleic Acid Testing at AKUH
  • Lab Diagnosis of von Willebrand Disease
  • Ristocetin Cofactor Activity
  • All You Need to Know About Thrombophilia Screening
  • Utility of ADAMTS-13 Assay
  • Homocysteine as a Risk Factor of Thrombosis
  • Detection of Heparin/Platelet Factor 4 Antibodies
  • Anti-factor Xa Assay


Preferred Criterion For Deciding Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy For Patients With Chronic Cholecystitis Using Radio-Nuclide Tc99m Hepatobiliary Mebrofenin, Duy Tran, R.T(N), CNMT, NMTCB(CT), Cheryl Rickley, CNMT, Charles Intenzo, MD, Sung Kim, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Preferred Criterion For Deciding Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy For Patients With Chronic Cholecystitis Using Radio-Nuclide Tc99m Hepatobiliary Mebrofenin, Duy Tran, R.T(N), Cnmt, Nmtcb(Ct), Cheryl Rickley, Cnmt, Charles Intenzo, Md, Sung Kim, Md

Department of Radiology Posters

Objective

To determine what gastroenterologist prefer for laparoscopic cholecystectomy when using Tc99m hepatobiliary scintigraphy.


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