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Dosimetric Impact Of A Tumor Treating Fields Device For Glioblastoma Patients Undergoing Simultaneous Radiation Therapy, Taoran Li, Gaurav Shukla, Cheng Peng, Virginia Lockamy, Haisong Lui, Wenyin Shi 2018 Thomas Jefferson University; University of Pennsylvania

Dosimetric Impact Of A Tumor Treating Fields Device For Glioblastoma Patients Undergoing Simultaneous Radiation Therapy, Taoran Li, Gaurav Shukla, Cheng Peng, Virginia Lockamy, Haisong Lui, Wenyin Shi

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Purpose: A recent randomized phase III clinical trial in patients with glioblastoma demonstrated the efficacy of tumor treating fields (TTFields), in which alternating electric fields are applied via transducer arrays to a patient's scalp. This treatment, when added to standard of care therapy, was shown to increase overall survival from 16 to 20.9 months. These results have generated significant interest in incorporating the use of TTFields during postoperative concurrent chemoradiation. However, the dosimetric impact of high-density electrodes on the scalp, within the radiation field, is unknown. Methods: The dosimetric impact of TTFields electrodes in the radiation field was ...


Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy For Locally Progressive And Recurrent Pancreatic Cancer After Prior Radiation, Philip Sutera, Mark E. Bernard, Hong Wang, Nathan Bahary, Steven Burton, Herbert Zeh, Dwight E. Heron 2018 University of Pittsburgh

Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy For Locally Progressive And Recurrent Pancreatic Cancer After Prior Radiation, Philip Sutera, Mark E. Bernard, Hong Wang, Nathan Bahary, Steven Burton, Herbert Zeh, Dwight E. Heron

Radiation Medicine Faculty Publications

Introduction: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is an aggressive malignancy that has consistently demonstrated poor outcomes despite aggressive treatments. Despite multimodal treatment, local disease progression and local recurrence are common. Management of recurrent or progressive pancreatic carcinomas proves a further challenge. In patients previously treated with radiation therapy, stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a promising modality capable of delivering high dose to the tumor while limiting dose to critical structures. We aimed to determine the feasibility and tolerability of SBRT for recurrent or local pancreatic cancer in patients previously treated with external beam radiation therapy (EBRT).

Materials and methods: Patients treated with ...


Diagnostic Efficiency Of Multidetector Computed Tomography In The Evaluation Of Clinically Equivocal Cases Of Acute Appendicitis With Surgical Correlation, Jawaid Iqbal, Raza Sayani, Misbah Tahir, Syed Mustahsan 2018 Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College.

Diagnostic Efficiency Of Multidetector Computed Tomography In The Evaluation Of Clinically Equivocal Cases Of Acute Appendicitis With Surgical Correlation, Jawaid Iqbal, Raza Sayani, Misbah Tahir, Syed Mustahsan

Department of Radiology

Acute appendicitis is one of the most frequent causes of lower abdominal pain and requires immediate surgical intervention. The diagnosis often poses a lot of challenge even to experienced surgeon. Those patients with equivocal symptoms may require different imaging modalities like radiography, contrast examination and ultrasound with limited utility. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) used in suspected acute appendicitis has, however, resulted in improved diagnostic accuracy and also reduction of negative surgeries. Objective We intend to determine the diagnostic efficiency of MDCT in clinically equivocal cases of acute appendicitis correlating it with surgical/histopathological findings. Materials and methods A group of ...


Role Of Interventional Radiology In The Management Of Peripheral Vascular Malformations: A Tertiary Care Center Experience., Misbah Tahir, Muhammad Anees Mumtaz, Anum Sultan, Raza Sayani 2018 Liaquat National Hospital & Medical College

Role Of Interventional Radiology In The Management Of Peripheral Vascular Malformations: A Tertiary Care Center Experience., Misbah Tahir, Muhammad Anees Mumtaz, Anum Sultan, Raza Sayani

Department of Radiology

Peripheral vascular malformations (PVMs) represent a wide spectrum of vascular abnormalities occurring due to anomalous connections between arteries, veins, capillaries, and lymphatic channels at the microscopic level, in different combinations. They are rare and challenging to treat. Different operators may have different approaches based on their experience and expertise. Sclerotherapy either alone or in combination with embolization has been used as an independent method for the treatment of PVMs. Purpose The aim of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of sclerotherapy and embolization, with or without surgery, for the treatment of peripheral vascular malformations, based on our ...


Clinicoradiological Correlation Of Infarct Patterns On Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging In Stroke, Zainab Hussain, Kiran Hilal, Muhammad Ahmad, Zafar Sajjad, Raza Sayani 2018 Aga Khan University

Clinicoradiological Correlation Of Infarct Patterns On Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging In Stroke, Zainab Hussain, Kiran Hilal, Muhammad Ahmad, Zafar Sajjad, Raza Sayani

Department of Radiology

Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) represents a major advance in the early diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke. It can detect edema due to ischemia in the brain tissue. It not only establishes the presence and location of ischemic brain injury but also a relatively new concept is the determination of infarct patterns seen on diffusion imaging and its clinical correlation. Objective To determine the frequency of various infarct patterns and their relationship with functional outcome of the patient. Materials and methods A total of 108 patients with acute stroke were enrolled by purposive sampling. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was obtained ...


Delayed Hepatic Rupture Post Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Liver Biopsy: A Case Report., Jia-Yan Huang, Qiang Lu, Ji-Bin Liu 2018 West China Hospital of Sichuan University

Delayed Hepatic Rupture Post Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Liver Biopsy: A Case Report., Jia-Yan Huang, Qiang Lu, Ji-Bin Liu

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

RATIONALE: Hemorrhage, one of complications after liver biopsy, is often identified immediately after the procedure while delayed liver rupture is relatively rare.

PATIENT CONCERNS: A 45-year-old woman was diagnosed with undetermined liver cirrhosis and abnormal liver function. To determine the etiology and severity of liver cirrhosis, ultrasound-guided liver biopsy was arranged. The patients did not complain any pain during the procedure. Ultrasound examination on postoperative day1 (POD 1) and MRI on POD 3 showed no evidence of hematoma and ascites. On POD 7, however, the patient was taken to the hospital with a sudden onset of pain in the right ...


Role Of 18 Fdg Pet/Ct In Breast Cancer., Nosheen Fatima, Maseeh uz Zaman 2018 Aga Khan University

Role Of 18 Fdg Pet/Ct In Breast Cancer., Nosheen Fatima, Maseeh Uz Zaman

Department of Radiology

No abstract provided.


Melas: A Complex And Challenging Diagnosis, Kumail Khandwala, Anwar Ahmad, Taha Sheikh 2018 Aga Khan University

Melas: A Complex And Challenging Diagnosis, Kumail Khandwala, Anwar Ahmad, Taha Sheikh

Department of Radiology

Mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is a rare multisystem disorder and is the most common maternally inherited mitochondrial disease. This condition has a special predilection for the nervous system and muscles. Typical findings on brain imaging include stroke-like areas, calcification of basal ganglia and brain atrophy. This accounts for the disease being, both clinically and radiologically, mistaken for ischemic stroke. The differentiation features from stroke include comparatively young age of the patients, site of the lesions, and relative overlap between the cerebral vasculature territories. In this case report, we discuss a 16-year male with clinical and radiological ...


Patient And Hospital Characteristics Predictive Of Inferior Vena Cava Filter Usage In Venous Thromboembolism Patients: A Study From The 2013 To 2014 Nationwide Readmissions Database, Amie Goodin, Ming Chen, Driss Raissi, Qiong Han, Hong Xiao, Joshua Brown 2018 University of Florida

Patient And Hospital Characteristics Predictive Of Inferior Vena Cava Filter Usage In Venous Thromboembolism Patients: A Study From The 2013 To 2014 Nationwide Readmissions Database, Amie Goodin, Ming Chen, Driss Raissi, Qiong Han, Hong Xiao, Joshua Brown

Radiology Faculty Publications

To examine the association between patient and hospital characteristics and inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) utilization in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE).

The 2013 to 2014 Nationwide Readmissions Database was used to define a cohort of patients with VTE aged ≥ 18 after a primary VTE diagnosis. Comorbidities of interest were classified via diagnosis codes and IVCF placement was identified via procedure code. Chi square analysis tested differences between patient and hospital-level characteristics and whether or not IVCFs were placed. A hierarchical logistic regression model estimated the relationship between patient-level factors (demographics, socioeconomic status, comorbidities), hospital-level factors (bed size, teaching status ...


Melas: A Complex And Challenging Diagnosis, Kumail Khandwala, Anwar Ahmad, Taha Sheikh 2018 Aga Khan University

Melas: A Complex And Challenging Diagnosis, Kumail Khandwala, Anwar Ahmad, Taha Sheikh

Department of Radiology

Mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is a rare multisystem disorder and is the most common maternally inherited mitochondrial disease. This condition has a special predilection for the nervous system and muscles. Typical findings on brain imaging include stroke-like areas, calcification of basal ganglia and brain atrophy. This accounts for the disease being, both clinically and radiologically, mistaken for ischemic stroke. The differentiation features from stroke include comparatively young age of the patients, site of the lesions, and relative overlap between the cerebral vasculature territories. In this case report, we discuss a 16-year male with clinical and radiological ...


Fibrolipomatous Hamartoma Of The Median Nerve With Macrodystrophia Lipomatosa, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Adeel A. Waheed, Noman Khan, Raza Sayani, Anwar Ahmad 2018 Aga Khan University

Fibrolipomatous Hamartoma Of The Median Nerve With Macrodystrophia Lipomatosa, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Adeel A. Waheed, Noman Khan, Raza Sayani, Anwar Ahmad

Department of Radiology

Fibrolipomatous hamartoma (FLH) is a rare congenital condition that presents with a benign overgrowth of the bone and fibroadipose tissue termed as macrodystrophia lipomatosa (MDL). Although commonly seen in the median nerve, other peripheral nerves can be involved. Diagnosis can be made on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) due to the characteristic coaxial cable appearance on axial images and the spaghetti appearance on sagittal images. Histology shows mature adipose and fibrous tissue infiltrating the epineural and perineural compartments. Multiple or debulking surgeries are often needed, with an emphasis on cosmetic aspects. We present one such case in which wide margin excision ...


Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy Treatment Planning Of Thoracic Vertebral Metastases Using Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy, Matthew Mallory, Damodar Pokhrel, Rajeev Badkul, Hongyu Jiang, Christopher Lominska, Fen Wang 2018 The University of Kansas

Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy Treatment Planning Of Thoracic Vertebral Metastases Using Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy, Matthew Mallory, Damodar Pokhrel, Rajeev Badkul, Hongyu Jiang, Christopher Lominska, Fen Wang

Radiation Medicine Faculty Publications

Purpose/Objectives: To retrospectively evaluate the plan quality, treatment efficiency, and accuracy of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans for thoracic spine metastases using stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT).

Materials/Methods: Seven patients with thoracic vertebral metastases treated with noncoplanar hybrid arcs (NCHA) (1 to 2 3D-conformal partial arcs +7 to 9 IMRT beams) were re-optimized with VMAT plans using three coplanar arcs. Tumors were located between T2 and T7 and PTVs ranged between 24.3 and 240.1 cc (median 48.1 cc). All prescriptions were 30 Gy in 5 fractions with 6 MV beams treated using the Novalis Tx ...


A Rare Case Of Enhancing Anterior Interhemispheric Racemose Neurocysticercosis With Foci Of Calcification And Direct Parenchymal Extension, Anupama Chandrappa, Rajesh Raman, Suchetha Satish 2018 JSS Medical College Hospital, JSS University, Mysore

A Rare Case Of Enhancing Anterior Interhemispheric Racemose Neurocysticercosis With Foci Of Calcification And Direct Parenchymal Extension, Anupama Chandrappa, Rajesh Raman, Suchetha Satish

Journal of Global Radiology

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) refers to the central nervous system (CNS) infestation of the larvae of pork tapeworm Taenia solium. It is endemic in Central and South America, Asia and Africa. It most commonly presents as intraparenchymal subcentimetric ring enhancing lesions of variable ages (or size and duration) with surrounding vasogenic edema. The lesions calcify with time. Rarely, NCC can occur in extraparenchymal locations, within the subarachnoid space and ventricles. At these locations it is usually seen as a proliferative lobulated cystic mass without a scolex which is termed racemose neurocysticercosis. Racemose cysticerci do not show calcification, scolex, or enhancement.

We report ...


Positioning Of Patients For Pelvic Radiation: Variability Across Treatment, Mashhood Ahmad Bodla, Alexander Lukez, Lauren O'Loughlin, Jennifer Baima, Janaki Moni 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Positioning Of Patients For Pelvic Radiation: Variability Across Treatment, Mashhood Ahmad Bodla, Alexander Lukez, Lauren O'Loughlin, Jennifer Baima, Janaki Moni

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations

Objectives: We aimed to determine the variability in position of the pelvis for patients while receiving daily radiation treatments for pelvic malignancies.

Design: Therapeutic radiation targets lymph nodes that lie along the curvature of the sacrum. Any change in pelvic tilt could inadvertently move these targets in or out of the radiation field. This variability has clinical significance both to target cancerous lymph nodes and avoid healthy sacrum.

To better understand this variability, we observed trends in the change in the sacral slope. This measurement was chosen because it is an objective radiographic finding, there is no significant difference between ...


Closed-Loop Stimulation Of Temporal Cortex Rescues Functional Networks And Improves Memory., Youssef Ezzyat, Paul A. Wanda, Deborah F. Levy, Allison Kadel, Ada Aka, Isaac Pedisich, Michael R. Sperling, Ashwini Sharan, Bradley C. Lega, Alexis Burks, Robert E. Gross, Cory S. Inman, Barbara C. Jobst, Mark A. Gorenstein, Kathryn A. Davis, Gregory A. Worrell, Michal T. Kucewicz, Joel M. Stein, Richard Gorniak, Sandhitsu R. Das, Daniel S. Rizzuto, Michael J. Kahana 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Closed-Loop Stimulation Of Temporal Cortex Rescues Functional Networks And Improves Memory., Youssef Ezzyat, Paul A. Wanda, Deborah F. Levy, Allison Kadel, Ada Aka, Isaac Pedisich, Michael R. Sperling, Ashwini Sharan, Bradley C. Lega, Alexis Burks, Robert E. Gross, Cory S. Inman, Barbara C. Jobst, Mark A. Gorenstein, Kathryn A. Davis, Gregory A. Worrell, Michal T. Kucewicz, Joel M. Stein, Richard Gorniak, Sandhitsu R. Das, Daniel S. Rizzuto, Michael J. Kahana

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Memory failures are frustrating and often the result of ineffective encoding. One approach to improving memory outcomes is through direct modulation of brain activity with electrical stimulation. Previous efforts, however, have reported inconsistent effects when using open-loop stimulation and often target the hippocampus and medial temporal lobes. Here we use a closed-loop system to monitor and decode neural activity from direct brain recordings in humans. We apply targeted stimulation to lateral temporal cortex and report that this stimulation rescues periods of poor memory encoding. This system also improves later recall, revealing that the lateral temporal cortex is a reliable target ...


(18)F-Vc701-Pet And Mri In The In Vivo Neuroinflammation Assessment Of A Mouse Model Of Multiple Sclerosis, Sara Belloli, Lucia Zanotti, Valentina Murtaj, Cristina Mazzon, Giuseppe Di Grigoli, Cristina Monterisi, Valeria Masiello, Leonardo Iaccarino, Andrea Cappelli, Pietro Luigi Poliani, Letterio S. Politi, Rosa Maria Moresco 2018 University of Milano-Bicocca

(18)F-Vc701-Pet And Mri In The In Vivo Neuroinflammation Assessment Of A Mouse Model Of Multiple Sclerosis, Sara Belloli, Lucia Zanotti, Valentina Murtaj, Cristina Mazzon, Giuseppe Di Grigoli, Cristina Monterisi, Valeria Masiello, Leonardo Iaccarino, Andrea Cappelli, Pietro Luigi Poliani, Letterio S. Politi, Rosa Maria Moresco

Radiology Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Positron emission tomography (PET) using translocator protein (TSPO) ligands has been used to detect neuroinflammatory processes in neurological disorders, including multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to evaluate neuroinflammation in a mouse MS model (EAE) using TSPO-PET with (18)F-VC701, in combination with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

METHODS: MOG35-55/CFA and pertussis toxin protocol was used to induce EAE in C57BL/6 mice. Disease progression was monitored daily, whereas MRI evaluation was performed at 1, 2, and 4 weeks post-induction. Microglia activation was assessed in vivo by (18)F-VC701 PET at the time of maximum disease ...


Electrical Stimulation Modulates High Γ Activity And Human Memory Performance., Michal T. Kucewicz, Brent M. Berry, Vaclav Kremen, Laura R. Miller, Fatemeh Khadjevand, Youssef Ezzyat, Joel M. Stein, Paul Wanda, Michael R. Sperling, Richard Gorniak, MD, Kathryn A. Davis, Barbara C. Jobst, Robert E. Gross, Bradley Lega, S Matt Stead, Daniel S. Rizzuto, Michael J. Kahana, Gregory A, Worrell 2018 Mayo Clinic

Electrical Stimulation Modulates High Γ Activity And Human Memory Performance., Michal T. Kucewicz, Brent M. Berry, Vaclav Kremen, Laura R. Miller, Fatemeh Khadjevand, Youssef Ezzyat, Joel M. Stein, Paul Wanda, Michael R. Sperling, Richard Gorniak, Md, Kathryn A. Davis, Barbara C. Jobst, Robert E. Gross, Bradley Lega, S Matt Stead, Daniel S. Rizzuto, Michael J. Kahana, Gregory A, Worrell

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Direct electrical stimulation of the brain has emerged as a powerful treatment for multiple neurological diseases, and as a potential technique to enhance human cognition. Despite its application in a range of brain disorders, it remains unclear how stimulation of discrete brain areas affects memory performance and the underlying electrophysiological activities. Here, we investigated the effect of direct electrical stimulation in four brain regions known to support declarative memory: hippocampus (HP), parahippocampal region (PH) neocortex, prefrontal cortex (PF), and lateral temporal cortex (TC). Intracranial EEG recordings with stimulation were collected from 22 patients during performance of verbal memory tasks. We ...


Percutaneous Management Of Biliary Enteric Anastomotic Strictures: An Institutional Review, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Nauman Turab, Al Qamari, Mustafa Belal Hafeez Chaudhry, Shoaib Hamid, Mohammad Hasan, Raza Sayani 2018 Aga Khan University

Percutaneous Management Of Biliary Enteric Anastomotic Strictures: An Institutional Review, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Nauman Turab, Al Qamari, Mustafa Belal Hafeez Chaudhry, Shoaib Hamid, Mohammad Hasan, Raza Sayani

Department of Radiology

Purpose Stricture formation at the biliary enteric anastomotic site is a common complication due to fibrotic healing. Few therapeutic options are available for biliary-enteric anastomotic site stricture (BES) including new surgical reconstruction or percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage followed by balloon dilation of BES or stent placement. The purpose of this study is to assess the technical success, complications and reintervention rate of percutaneous transhepatic balloon dilatation (PTBD) of BES after iatrogenic bile duct injuries (BDI). Methods A retrospective review of patients who underwent PTBD for benign resistant BES, previously treated for iatrogenic BDI, from December 2004 to January 2016 was ...


Hepatic, Periportal, Retroperitoneal, And Mesenteric Neurofibromatosis In Von Recklinghausen's Disease, Kumail Khandwala, Zafar Sajjad, Summar-un-nisa Abbasi, Muhammad Usman Tariq 2018 Aga Khan University

Hepatic, Periportal, Retroperitoneal, And Mesenteric Neurofibromatosis In Von Recklinghausen's Disease, Kumail Khandwala, Zafar Sajjad, Summar-Un-Nisa Abbasi, Muhammad Usman Tariq

Department of Radiology

We present a rare case of histologically proven neurofibromatosis of the liver, hepatic hilum, retroperitoneum, and mesentery. An adult male who had been diagnosed with neurofibromatosis (NF) type 1 underwent a computed tomography (CT) scan for abdominal pain and vomiting. The CT scan showed a large low-attenuating lesion in the region of porta hepatis which was infiltrating along portal tracts into the liver, encasing the major vessels, and extending into the retroperitoneum and mesentery. Based on the radiological findings, a differential diagnosis of plexiform neurofibroma was given, although sarcomatous transformation could not have been entirely excluded from imaging alone. The ...


Cesarean Scar Pregnancy: An Experience Of Three Cases With Review Of Literature, Gulnaz Shafat, Kumail Khandwala, Hina Iqbal, Shaista Afzal Saeed 2018 Aga Khan University

Cesarean Scar Pregnancy: An Experience Of Three Cases With Review Of Literature, Gulnaz Shafat, Kumail Khandwala, Hina Iqbal, Shaista Afzal Saeed

Department of Radiology

Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP), often considered the rarest form of ectopic pregnancy, is a result of implantation of the gestational sac into the fibrous tissue scar of a previous cesarean section. With an increase in the rate of cesarean sections, along with better awareness and improvement in sonographic diagnosis, the number and detection of scar pregnancies are on the rise. Because of its early invasion of the myometrium, usually in the first trimester, CSP is considered to be potentially lethal, leading to high risks of uterine rupture. We report a series of three cases of scar pregnancy that presented at ...


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