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All Articles in Radiology

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Effect Of Differences In Metabolic Activity Of Melanoma Models On Response To Lonidamine Plus Doxorubicin., Kavindra Nath, Jeffrey Roman, David S. Nelson, Lili Guo, Seung-Cheol Lee, Stepan Orlovskiy, Kevin Muriuki, Daniel F. Heitjan, Stephen Pickup, Dennis B. Leeper, Ian A. Blair, Mary E. Putt, Jerry D. Glickson 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Effect Of Differences In Metabolic Activity Of Melanoma Models On Response To Lonidamine Plus Doxorubicin., Kavindra Nath, Jeffrey Roman, David S. Nelson, Lili Guo, Seung-Cheol Lee, Stepan Orlovskiy, Kevin Muriuki, Daniel F. Heitjan, Stephen Pickup, Dennis B. Leeper, Ian A. Blair, Mary E. Putt, Jerry D. Glickson

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Lonidamine (LND), a metabolic modulator, sensitizes DB-1 human melanoma to doxorubicin (DOX) chemotherapy by acidifying and de-energizing the tumor. This report compares the effects of LND on two human melanoma lines, DB-1 and WM983B, which exhibit different metabolic properties. Using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry and Seahorse analysis, we show that DB-1 was more glycolytic than WM983B in vitro. 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) indicates that LND (100 mg/kg, i.p.) induces similar selective acidification and de-energization of WM983B xenografts in immunosuppressed mice. Over three hours, intracellular pH (pHi) of WM983B decreased from 6.91 ± 0.03 to 6 ...


Magnetically Focused Proton Irradiation Of Small Volume Radiosurgery Targets Using A Triplet Of Quadrupole Magnets, Patrick McGee, Grant McAuley, Andrew Wroe, James M. Slater, Jerry D. Slater 2018 Loma Linda University

Magnetically Focused Proton Irradiation Of Small Volume Radiosurgery Targets Using A Triplet Of Quadrupole Magnets, Patrick Mcgee, Grant Mcauley, Andrew Wroe, James M. Slater, Jerry D. Slater

Grant McAuley, PhD

Proton therapy is an advantageous choice for the irradiation of tumors in proximity of critical structures due to rapid dose fall off and high dose deposition at target compared to dose at the surface of the patient (ie, peak-to-entrance dose ratio (P/E)). However, with target fields below 1.0 cm, as often encountered in proton radiosurgery, multiple Coulomb scattering (MCS) broadens proton beams leading to diminished P/E advantages and reduced dose delivery efficiency (DDE). Magnetic focusing tends to counteract MCS and is a promising method to reduce these undesirable effects. The purpose of this research is to investigate ...


Cancer As A Chronic Disease, Beth Herrick, James Liebmann, Richard S. Pieters 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Cancer As A Chronic Disease, Beth Herrick, James Liebmann, Richard S. Pieters

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

Cancers which were once fatal are increasingly able to be managed as chronic diseases. While most metastatic cancers in adults may not be curable, they often can be controlled for long periods of time with a succession of treatments. In this chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist, we will examine those cancers with longer natural histories and those with extended survivals due to therapeutic advances. Finally, several cases will be presented that exemplify this new paradigm of cancer as a chronic disease.


Dti Metrics For Multi-Site/Multi-Scanner Study Of Adult Cervical Spinal Cord, Devon M. Middleton, PhD, Joshua Fisher, BS, Adam E. Flanders, MD, Feroze Mohamed, PhD, John H. Wu, MD, Laura Krisa, PhD, Mark Elliot, PhD, Scott H. Faro, MD, Jessica Evans, BS 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Dti Metrics For Multi-Site/Multi-Scanner Study Of Adult Cervical Spinal Cord, Devon M. Middleton, Phd, Joshua Fisher, Bs, Adam E. Flanders, Md, Feroze Mohamed, Phd, John H. Wu, Md, Laura Krisa, Phd, Mark Elliot, Phd, Scott H. Faro, Md, Jessica Evans, Bs

Department of Radiology Posters

Background and Objective

A major variable in DTI spinal cord studies is the diversity in MRI scanner vendor and field strength. While there are several techniques proven to acquire DTI data, there are no standardized accepted methods for acquisition and processing. As more medical systems are utilizing this technology to evaluate the spinal cord, it is important to study the reproducibility of the DTI metrics among various scanner platforms, coil configurations and software implementations to determine the variance in obtaining normative spinal cord DTI data. This preliminary data for a multi-site DTI study examines the effects of these different MR ...


How The Clinical Settings Of Radiography Programs Affect Learning Perceptions, Peggy Fortsch 2018 University of Northern Iowa

How The Clinical Settings Of Radiography Programs Affect Learning Perceptions, Peggy Fortsch

Theses and Dissertations @ UNI

A main purpose of clinical education is to prepare practitioners who can deliver excellent skills and care vital to the health and safety of persons in their care and to society. Clinical education is an essential component for students pursuing careers as health care providers. The purpose of this study was to examine the place of clinical experiences in radiography programs and to describe how students and clinical instructors in three different radiography program models (bridging, external, and internal) perceived the learning experiences in clinical settings.

From the perspectives of students and clinical instructors the following questions were addressed:

(1 ...


Comprehensive Evaluation Of Treatment And Outcomes Of Low-Grade Diffuse Gliomas, Catherine R. Garcia, Stacey A. Slone, Thomas A. Pittman, William H. St. Clair, Donita D. Lightner, John L. Villano 2018 University of Kentucky

Comprehensive Evaluation Of Treatment And Outcomes Of Low-Grade Diffuse Gliomas, Catherine R. Garcia, Stacey A. Slone, Thomas A. Pittman, William H. St. Clair, Donita D. Lightner, John L. Villano

Markey Cancer Center Faculty Publications

Background

Low-grade gliomas affect younger adults and carry a favorable prognosis. They include a variety of biological features affecting clinical behavior and treatment. Having no guidelines on treatment established, we aim to describe clinical and treatment patterns of low-grade gliomas across the largest cancer database in the United States.

Methods

We analyzed the National Cancer Database from 2004 to 2015, for adult patients with a diagnosis of World Health Organization grade II diffuse glioma.

Results

We analyzed 13,621 cases with median age of 41 years. Over 56% were male, 88.4% were white, 6.1% were black, and 7 ...


Breast Cancer Prevalence Among Patients Referred For Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy At Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya, Angeline Anyona Aywak, Timothy Musila Mutala, Purity Ndaiga, Callen Onyambu, Sughra Raza 2018 University of Nairobi

Breast Cancer Prevalence Among Patients Referred For Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy At Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya, Angeline Anyona Aywak, Timothy Musila Mutala, Purity Ndaiga, Callen Onyambu, Sughra Raza

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: To establish the prevalence of cancer in patients referred for breast ultrasound-guided biopsy at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.

Methods and Materials: A total number of 115 patients were included after approval from the local ethical review committee. The patients were referred by clinicians for ultrasound-guided biopsy for palpable breast lesions confirmed by imaging as solid masses. Detailed ultrasound examination per American College of Radiology (ACR) guidelines was performed before core biopsy or fine needle aspiration (FNA). Histological diagnosis was made and prevalence of cancer analyzed.

Results: Of the 115 patients, final histology was available for 112 lesions; two ...


Role Of Adc Values And Ratios Of Mri Scan In Differentiating Typical From Atypical/Anaplastic Meningiomas, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Waseem Mehmood Nizamani, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Mohammad Wasay 2018 Aga Khan University

Role Of Adc Values And Ratios Of Mri Scan In Differentiating Typical From Atypical/Anaplastic Meningiomas, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Waseem Mehmood Nizamani, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Mohammad Wasay

Department of Radiology

Atypical/anaplastic meningiomas are prone to aggressive behaviour which affects treatment planning and prognostication. Our aim was to assess the role of Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) values of MRI brain in differentiating typical from atypical/anaplastic meningioma. We reviewed 84 typical and 37 atypical/anaplastic meningiomas and compared mean ADC values and ADC ratios of their preoperative MRI brain. At 3 Tesla, mean ADC value for typical meningioma was1.03±0.10x10-3 and 0.63±0.05x10-3 for atypical/anaplastic meningioma. At 1.5 Tesla, mean ADC value for typical meningioma was 1.05±0.11x10-3 and atypical/ anaplastic meningioma ...


Use Of Ultrasound For Diagnosis Of Pneumonia In Adults, A Review, Dafang Chen, Rodrigo Cavallazzi 2018 University of Louisville

Use Of Ultrasound For Diagnosis Of Pneumonia In Adults, A Review, Dafang Chen, Rodrigo Cavallazzi

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Pneumonia is a common lung infection with significant morbidity and mortality. Currently, the diagnosis of pneumonia is made by patient history confirmed with chest radiograph or computed tomography. These modalities, however, have limitations including low accuracy, radiation exposure, and high cost. Lung ultrasound has become more prevalent in evaluating pulmonary conditions and has shown to be highly accurate in the diagnosis of pneumonia. The purpose of this review is to discuss sonographic findings associated with pneumonia, techniques used to obtain quality images, and the evidence in literature supporting the use of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of pneumonia. Numerous studies ...


Evaluation Of Hybrid Arc And Volumetric-Modulated Arc Therapy Treatment Plans For Fractionated Stereotactic Intracranial Radiotherapy., Jun Li, David To, Vickie Gunn, Wenyin Shi, Yan Yu, Haisong Lui 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Evaluation Of Hybrid Arc And Volumetric-Modulated Arc Therapy Treatment Plans For Fractionated Stereotactic Intracranial Radiotherapy., Jun Li, David To, Vickie Gunn, Wenyin Shi, Yan Yu, Haisong Lui

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

PURPOSE: The study was aimed to compare hybrid arc and volumetric-modulated arc therapy treatment plans for fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy of brain tumors.

METHODS: Treatment plans of 22 patients were studied. Hybrid arc and volumetric-modulated arc therapy plans were generated using Brainlab iPlanDose and Varian Eclipse treatment planning systems, respectively, with 6 MV photon beams on a Varian TrueBeam STx linear accelerator (Palo Alto, CA). Prescription dose was 54 Gy. The fractionation was 1.8 Gy per fraction and 30 fractions in total, or 2 Gy per fraction and 27 fractions in total. Planning target volume ranged from 2.4 to ...


Magnetically Focused Proton Irradiation Of Small Volume Radiosurgery Targets Using A Triplet Of Quadrupole Magnets, Patrick McGee, Grant McAuley, Andrew Wroe, James M. Slater, Jerry D. Slater 2018 Loma Linda University

Magnetically Focused Proton Irradiation Of Small Volume Radiosurgery Targets Using A Triplet Of Quadrupole Magnets, Patrick Mcgee, Grant Mcauley, Andrew Wroe, James M. Slater, Jerry D. Slater

James M. Slater, MD

Proton therapy is an advantageous choice for the irradiation of tumors in proximity of critical structures due to rapid dose fall off and high dose deposition at target compared to dose at the surface of the patient (ie, peak-to-entrance dose ratio (P/E)). However, with target fields below 1.0 cm, as often encountered in proton radiosurgery, multiple Coulomb scattering (MCS) broadens proton beams leading to diminished P/E advantages and reduced dose delivery efficiency (DDE). Magnetic focusing tends to counteract MCS and is a promising method to reduce these undesirable effects. The purpose of this research is to investigate ...


The Impact Of Serum Glucose, Anti-Diabetic Agents, And Statin Usage In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Treated With Definitive Chemoradiation, Nick A. Iarrobino, Beant S. Gill, Mark E. Bernard, Rainer J. Klement, Maria Werner-Wasik, Colin E. Champ 2018 University of Pittsburgh

The Impact Of Serum Glucose, Anti-Diabetic Agents, And Statin Usage In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Treated With Definitive Chemoradiation, Nick A. Iarrobino, Beant S. Gill, Mark E. Bernard, Rainer J. Klement, Maria Werner-Wasik, Colin E. Champ

Radiation Medicine Faculty Publications

Introduction: Epidemiologic data indicate diabetes confers an augmented risk of lung cancer development, yet the relationship between hyperglycemia, metabolic agents, and prognosis is unclear. We analyzed the impact of hyperglycemia, anti-diabetic agents, and statins on outcomes in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients undergoing chemoradiation.

Method and Materials: In total, data from 170 patients with stage III NSCLC treated at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center between 2001 and 2014 were obtained for analysis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to estimate time-to-event for overall survival (OS), disease-free survival, distant metastasis (DM), and loco-regional control (LRC). Blood glucose values (n = 2870 ...


Prognostic Factors For Elderly Patients Treated With Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy For Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma, Philip A. Sutera, Mark E. Bernard, Hong Wang, Dwight E. Heron 2018 University of Pittsburgh

Prognostic Factors For Elderly Patients Treated With Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy For Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma, Philip A. Sutera, Mark E. Bernard, Hong Wang, Dwight E. Heron

Radiation Medicine Faculty Publications

Introduction: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) commonly presents later in life with a median age at diagnosis of 70 years. Unfortunately, elderly patients are significantly underrepresented in clinical trials. Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a promising treatment modality in this population as it has demonstrated excellent local control with minimal toxicity. We aimed to determine prognostic factors associated with outcomes in elderly patients treated with SBRT.

Materials and Methods: Elderly patients older than 70 treated with SBRT for PDAC at our institution, from 2004 to 2014 were included. Our primary endpoints included overall survival (OS) and local-progression-free survival (LPFS). Secondary ...


Development And Validation Of A New Mri Simulation Technique That Can Reliably Estimate Optimal In Vivo Scanning Parameters In A Glioblastoma Murine Model, Andrea Protti, Kristen L. Jones, Dennis M. Bonal, Lei Qin, Letterio S. Politi, Sasha Kravets, Quang-De Nguyen, Annick D. Van den Abbeele 2018 Harvard Medical School

Development And Validation Of A New Mri Simulation Technique That Can Reliably Estimate Optimal In Vivo Scanning Parameters In A Glioblastoma Murine Model, Andrea Protti, Kristen L. Jones, Dennis M. Bonal, Lei Qin, Letterio S. Politi, Sasha Kravets, Quang-De Nguyen, Annick D. Van Den Abbeele

Radiology Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) relies on optimal scanning parameters to achieve maximal signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and high contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) between tissues resulting in high quality images. The optimization of such parameters is often laborious, time consuming, and user-dependent, making harmonization of imaging parameters a difficult task. In this report, we aim to develop and validate a computer simulation technique that can reliably provide "optimal in vivo scanning parameters" ready to be used for in vivo evaluation of disease models.

METHODS: A glioblastoma murine model was investigated using several MRI imaging methods. Such MRI methods underwent a simulated and ...


Twin Reversed Arterial Perfusion Sequence: Assessing The Role Of The Correct Imaging Modality In A Rare Clinical Entity, Imrana Masroor, Sarah Saleem, Aliya Aziz, Romana Idress 2018 Aga Khan University

Twin Reversed Arterial Perfusion Sequence: Assessing The Role Of The Correct Imaging Modality In A Rare Clinical Entity, Imrana Masroor, Sarah Saleem, Aliya Aziz, Romana Idress

Department of Radiology

Acardiac twin formation is a rare anomaly. It is one of the most extreme complications of monozygotic twin pregnancies. Such occurrences are brought about when a normal twin donates blood to an abnormal twin through its umbilical arteries via vascular anastomoses at the level of the placenta, which is termed as twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence (TRAPS). Twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence is considered a rare variant of twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. Due to the considerable blood transfer from the healthy twin to the parasitic one, cardiac failure can ensue in the healthy twin. The mortality of the acardiac twin is ...


Higher Event Rate In Patients With High-Risk Duke Treadmill Score Despite Normal Exercise-Gated Myocardial Perfusion Imaging, Maseeh uz Zaman, Nosheen Fatima, Areeba Zaman, Unaiza Zaman, Rabia Tehseen, Sidra Zaman 2018 Aga Khan University

Higher Event Rate In Patients With High-Risk Duke Treadmill Score Despite Normal Exercise-Gated Myocardial Perfusion Imaging, Maseeh Uz Zaman, Nosheen Fatima, Areeba Zaman, Unaiza Zaman, Rabia Tehseen, Sidra Zaman

Department of Radiology

his prospective study was carried out to find the negative predictive value of various Duke Treadmill Scores (DTSs) in patients with normal myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). This study was conducted from August 2012 to July 2015, and 603 patients having normal exercise MPIs were included. Patients were followed for 2 years for fatal myocardial infarction (FMI) and nonfatal myocardial infarction (NFMI). Follow-up was not available in 23 patients, leaving a cohort of 583 participants. DTS was low risk (≥5) in 286, intermediate risk (between 4 and - 10) in 211, and high risk (≤-11) in 86 patients. Patients with high- and ...


Preferred Criterion For Deciding Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy For Patients With Chronic Cholecystitis Using Radio-Nuclide Tc99m Hepatobiliary Mebrofenin, Duy Tran, R.T(N), CNMT, NMTCB(CT), Cheryl Rickley, CNMT, Charles Intenzo, MD, Sung Kim, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Preferred Criterion For Deciding Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy For Patients With Chronic Cholecystitis Using Radio-Nuclide Tc99m Hepatobiliary Mebrofenin, Duy Tran, R.T(N), Cnmt, Nmtcb(Ct), Cheryl Rickley, Cnmt, Charles Intenzo, Md, Sung Kim, Md

Department of Radiology Posters

Objective

To determine what gastroenterologist prefer for laparoscopic cholecystectomy when using Tc99m hepatobiliary scintigraphy.


Adaptation Of A Standardized Handoff System For A Radiology Residency Program, Riti Kanesa-thasan, MD, Liya Gendler, MD, Megan Margiotta, MD, Kristin Lohr, MD, Grant Turner, MD, Rebecca C. Jaffe, MD, Christopher G. Roth, MD, Suzanne Long, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Adaptation Of A Standardized Handoff System For A Radiology Residency Program, Riti Kanesa-Thasan, Md, Liya Gendler, Md, Megan Margiotta, Md, Kristin Lohr, Md, Grant Turner, Md, Rebecca C. Jaffe, Md, Christopher G. Roth, Md, Suzanne Long, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Posters

Background/Objectives:

  • The Joint Commission has linked communication failure as a root cause for a majority of sentinel events.
  • The “I-PASS” system is a hand-off mnemonic that has been shown to decrease medical errors, prevent adverse events, and improve communication.
  • Multiple Jefferson residency programs have adopted I-PASS training over the last year to standardize sign-outs between treatment teams and departments.
  • Radiology residents also participate in hand-offs with other departments, especially in cases of adverse patient reactions that occur within radiology (ie: allergic reaction, seizure, contrast extravasation). In addition, radiology residents also participate in hand offs between daytime and overnight teams ...


Varicosities Affecting The Lower Limb Veins Consequent To A Unique Variant Drainage Pattern Of The Small Saphenous Vein, Shauna Mary Rice, Elke Sarah Schipani, Ana Maleesa Rae Santos, Katherine Anais Sadaniantz, Prithwijit Roychowdhury, Eustathia Lela Giannaris, Manas Das 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Varicosities Affecting The Lower Limb Veins Consequent To A Unique Variant Drainage Pattern Of The Small Saphenous Vein, Shauna Mary Rice, Elke Sarah Schipani, Ana Maleesa Rae Santos, Katherine Anais Sadaniantz, Prithwijit Roychowdhury, Eustathia Lela Giannaris, Manas Das

Radiology Publications and Presentations

We report varicosities affecting the right deep femoral vein and the right femoral vein consequent to a unique unilateral variation in the course of the small saphenous vein. The right small saphenous vein, instead of draining into the popliteal vein at the popliteal fossa, expanded considerably in girth and thickness and continued as the deep femoral vein. The deep femoral vein then pierced the adductor magnus muscle, appeared in the anterior compartment, and joined the femoral vein. Four centimeters distal to this junction, a two-centimeter long varicosity in the deep femoral vein was noted. There was also a one-centimeter long ...


A Bibliometric Analysis Of The Top 100 Cited Articles On Hepatic Magnetic Resonance Imaging., Waqas Ullah, Hafez Mohammad A. Abdullah, Ejaz Ahmad, Mamoon Ur Rashid, Muhammad Bashir, Asad Ur Rahman, Asrar Ahmad, Abu Hurairah 2018 Abington Jefferson Health

A Bibliometric Analysis Of The Top 100 Cited Articles On Hepatic Magnetic Resonance Imaging., Waqas Ullah, Hafez Mohammad A. Abdullah, Ejaz Ahmad, Mamoon Ur Rashid, Muhammad Bashir, Asad Ur Rahman, Asrar Ahmad, Abu Hurairah

Abington Hospital Papers

The purpose of this study is to guide the readers to the impact of the articles published on hepatic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We searched Scopus using 10 different search terms for hepatic MRI. The selected studies were thoroughly reviewed by two independent authors and any disagreement was sorted out by mutual consensus. The list of articles and journals was downloaded into an excel spreadsheet. Only the top 100 cited articles were selected by mutual consensus among all the authors. These articles were further read in the full-text form and were further categorized into subgroups. Three authors independently reviewed the ...


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