Compassion And Suppression In Caregivers: Twin Masks Of Tragedy And Joy Of Caring, 2020 DEPARTMENT OF COGNITIVE SCIENCES, PSYCHOLOGY, EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL STUDIES (COSPECS), UNIVERSITY OF MESSINA, ITALY
Compassion And Suppression In Caregivers: Twin Masks Of Tragedy And Joy Of Caring, Emanuele Maria Merlo, Sean M. Mcnabney, Fabio Frisone, Federica Sicari, Mihai Paunica, Catalina Motofei, Salvatore Settineri
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Background: Compassionate caregiving is a critical skill for workers among the helping professions, but the degree of empathy required by caregivers can place high demands on their mental and emotional resources. While many professionals employ successful coping strategies to mitigate these stressors, others experience compassion fatigue or burnout from emotional exhaustion. The objective of this research was to evaluate the relationships between caregivers’ demographic/career variables, compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue, and psychodynamic defense mechanisms such as suppression, repressive function, regression in the service of the Ego, and rationalization. Methods: Participants were 250 caregivers with 178 (71,2%) women and 72 men (28,8%) …
The Serine/Threonine Protein Kinase (Akt)/ Protein Kinase B (Pkb) Signaling Pathway In Breast Cancer, 2020 FACULTY OF DENTAL MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF BIOCHEMISTRY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA
The Serine/Threonine Protein Kinase (Akt)/ Protein Kinase B (Pkb) Signaling Pathway In Breast Cancer, Daniela Miricescu, Camelia Cristina Diaconu, Constantin Stefani, Ana Maria Alexandra Stanescu, Alexandra Totan, Ioana Ruxandra Rusu, Ovidiu Gabriel Bratu, Dan Spinu, Maria Greabu
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
According to statistical data published in 2019, breast cancer is among the leading causes of death in women worldwide. The serine/threonine kinase (AKT) or protein kinase B (PkB) signaling pathway is activated by phosphorylation processes, which further is associated with cell growth, proliferation, and survival, but also with activation of glucose metabolism. Mutations of the AKT signaling pathway components (especially PI3KCA and PTEN) have been observed in breast cancer patients, which are associated with resistance to hormonal treatment. Many clinical trials are testing the effect of AKT inhibition in order to block the growth and proliferation of breast cancer cells. …
A Quality Improvement Project To Improve Financial Sustainability Of Home-Based Palliative Care Program, 2020 Grand Valley State University
A Quality Improvement Project To Improve Financial Sustainability Of Home-Based Palliative Care Program, Andrea L. Giffel
Background and Objectives: Home palliative care services are challenging to bill due to the complexity of services and competing time demands. Objectives and protocol were developed to guide coding and billing to increase Relative Value Unit generation and improve financial sustainability.
Design: A quality improvement project.
Setting: A home-based palliative care program in one health system in the Midwest.
Participants: Participants included 7 nurse practitioners.
Intervention: Coding protocol were developed, providers were educated, electronic health record audits were conducted to collect data on improvement, and feedback provided to prompt improvement.
Measurement and Analysis: Documentation of advanced care planning and billing, …
The Realities Of Advanced Medical Interventions, 2020 Western Washington University
The Realities Of Advanced Medical Interventions, Bill Lombard Md, Palliative Care Institute, Western Washington University
Palliative Care Institute
Click the Download Button to access Dr. Lombard's slides. An Information Sheet / Glossary of Terms is available at the bottom of this page.
Lecture: Realities of Advanced Medical Intervention by Dr. Bill Lombard.
In frank layperson's terms Dr. Bill Lombard, a nephrologist, discusses the meaning of advanced medical interventions (such as ventilators, pressers, CPR) focusing on what these "interventions" mean to average people and their families, and on patient outcomes when these interventions are employed. This information should help you can make informed decisions about your own choices for care. This presentation also addresses advance care planning, advance directives, …
End-Of-Life Healthcare Use Of Medicare Patients With Melanoma Based On Patient Characteristics And Year Of Death, 2020 Maine Medical Center
End-Of-Life Healthcare Use Of Medicare Patients With Melanoma Based On Patient Characteristics And Year Of Death, Rebecca N. Hutchinson, F. Lee Lucas, Kathleen Fairfield
Journal of Maine Medical Center
Background: Many cancer patients receive overly-intensive care at end-of-life (EOL), despite recognition that this is a marker of poor quality. There is limited knowledge about care received by patients dying with melanoma.
Objective: We characterized healthcare utilization during EOL and patient characteristics associated with variations in care. We also described how utilization changed over time.
Methods: We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare database to identify 9099 melanoma patients aged 65+ at diagnosis between 2000 and 2009, who died by 12/31/2010. We included patients enrolled in Medicare part A and B six-months prior to diagnosis and not in managed …
Antiresorptive Bone Therapy Use In Advanced Lung Cancer And Associated Outcomes, 2020 University of Kentucky
Antiresorptive Bone Therapy Use In Advanced Lung Cancer And Associated Outcomes, Noor Naffakh
Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy
Background/Rationale: Studies have shown antiresorptive agents decrease skeletal related events in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer. However, two prevalence studies have found low utilization rates of antiresorptive therapy in advanced lung cancer. The first study reported a rate of 14.8% during the 1995-2009 time period, while the second study reported a 33% usage rate during the time frame of 2002-2011. We believe these low utilization rates are associated with the poor prognosis of these patients. The prognosis of advanced lung cancer has improved significantly since these trials were conducted, and the utilization of denosumab has not been evaluated. We hypothesize …
What A Difference A Disaster Makes: The Telehealth Revolution In The Age Of Covid-19 Pandemic, 2020 Northwell Health
What A Difference A Disaster Makes: The Telehealth Revolution In The Age Of Covid-19 Pandemic, Jr Maese, D Seminara, Z Shah, A Szerszen
No abstract provided.
Hoping To Die Well: An Exploration Of The Good Death, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Hoping To Die Well: An Exploration Of The Good Death, Emily Folse, Thomas Smith, Phd
Introduction: Many healthcare providers are uncomfortable and ill-equipped to talk about death with terminally ill patients and their families. This often results in unnecessary, aggressive medical interventions at the end of life and deaths discordant with patients’ wishes. In order to help patients die better deaths, it is first necessary to determine the character of a good death.
Methods: The good death was considered from secular and Catholic perspectives because religion is personally important to the author and many patients in the US. Features of a good death were elucidated by careful reading of scientific and humanistic literature and conversing …
Home Health Care Resource Binder: A User-Friendly Guide For Crossroads Hospice And Palliative Care, 2020 The University of Akron
Home Health Care Resource Binder: A User-Friendly Guide For Crossroads Hospice And Palliative Care, Deanna Eder
Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects
Patients and families searching for home health care need accurate information regarding the community resources available to them to promote aging in place and to maintain their quality of life. In connection to the social workers at Crossroads Hospice and Palliative Care, the researcher identified a need for a centralized source of up-to-date information regarding local home health care agencies due to the current resource deficit. Social workers and other health care professionals are expected to benefit from a concise list of resources readily available to provide their patients and families with adequate support to make informed decisions about a …
A Conceptual Model Of Barriers And Facilitators To Primary Clinical Teams Requesting Pediatric Palliative Care Consultation Based Upon A Narrative Review., 2019 Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA
A Conceptual Model Of Barriers And Facilitators To Primary Clinical Teams Requesting Pediatric Palliative Care Consultation Based Upon A Narrative Review., Jennifer K Walter, Douglas L Hill, Concetta Didomenico, Shefali Parikh, Chris Feudtner
Center for Advanced Practice
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence that referral to pediatric palliative care reduces suffering and improves quality of life for patients and families, many clinicians delay referral until the end of life. The purpose of this article is to provide a conceptual model for why clinical teams delay discussing palliative care with parents.
DISCUSSION: Building on a prior model of parent regoaling and relevant research literature, we argue for a conceptual model of the challenges and facilitators a clinical team might face in shifting from a restorative-focused treatment plan to a plan that includes palliative aspects, resulting in a subspecialty palliative care referral. …
Anticipation, Accompaniment, And A Good Death In Perinatal Care., 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital
Anticipation, Accompaniment, And A Good Death In Perinatal Care., Bryanna S. Moore, Brian S. Carter, Bryan Beaven, Katie House, Joel House
Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers
The ethics of perinatal care, and the experiences of families who receive such care, remains a nascent area of inquiry. It can be hard to see how existing "good death" constructs apply to the experiences of fetal patients and their families. In this paper, we explore two themes raised by a case at our fetal health center: anticipation and accompaniment. In this case, a mother presented to our fetal health center; her unborn son, our fetal patient, was diagnosed with life-threatening hypoplastic left heart syndrome and endocardial fibroelastosis. The parents were told that their son's life expectancy, upon birth, was …
Chapter 14: Hospice And End-Of-Life Care, 2019 Grand Valley State University
Chapter 14: Hospice And End-Of-Life Care, Sally Pelon, Brandon Youker, M. Paola Leon
Books and Contributions to Books
This chapter explores end-of-life issues and concerns as well as the hospice movement’s role in assisting terminally ill individuals. Specific social work assessment and interventions tools are offered considered as well as controversial issues in end-of-life care.
"Farewell" To Prognosis In Shared Decision-Making, 2019 Grand Valley State University
"Farewell" To Prognosis In Shared Decision-Making, Robert F. Johnson
Peer Reviewed Articles
Whether because of a cultural pattern or personal preference, palliative care clinicians encounter persons approaching the end of life who wish to limit or forego prognostic information relating to their situation. This scenario has received attention in a recent motion picture as well as a newly available advance directive modification—the Prognosis Declaration form. The ordinary expectation for end-of-life shared decision-making with a capable person is clinician disclosure of the best effort at prognostic assessment. The optimal match between the expressed values, goals, and preferences of the person with available clinician expertise is hopefully achieved. For the clinician, a person’s choice …
Fostering Productive Conversations In A Kenyan Tertiary Intensive Care Unit: Lessons Learnt, 2019 Aga Khan University
Fostering Productive Conversations In A Kenyan Tertiary Intensive Care Unit: Lessons Learnt, Sayed Karar, Jamila Nambafu, Feroza Daroowalla
Internal Medicine, East Africa
Effective communication remains key in delivery of comprehensive care to patient especially in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. However, many providers, for various reasons, struggle with the art of effective communication adversely affecting relationship with patients and their families. Little is known or has been published about effective communication in ICUs within sub-Saharan Africa.
Pharmacologic And Nonpharmacologic Approaches To Palliative Care In Oncology, 2019 Ohio Northern University
Pharmacologic And Nonpharmacologic Approaches To Palliative Care In Oncology, Daniel Powell, Sunitha Johns, Samia Alam, Isabel E. Cwikla, Brendan Rasor, David W. Koh
Pharmacy and Wellness Review
In recent decades, few fields have changed as drastically as oncology. A wide variety of approaches must be taken in order to best care for cancer patients. With the globalization of health care and modern society, nontraditional management of cancer symptoms is once again increasing in popularity. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) has also recently updated their palliative care guidelines. These guidelines provide a detailed approach for the care of a wide range of cancer patients but largely focus on traditional pharmacotherapy. An increasing number of studies are being conducted on nonpharmacologic approaches to care for patients with cancer. …
The Hapless State Of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis In India: A Comprehensive Look At Life And Medical Services For Als Patients In Rural Himachal Pradesh, 2019 SIT Study Abroad
The Hapless State Of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis In India: A Comprehensive Look At Life And Medical Services For Als Patients In Rural Himachal Pradesh, Carson J. Bergström
Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or Lou Gehrig’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that leads to paralysis. The disease requires a high amount of medical intervention and interdisciplinary focus to achieve quality of life for patients. This study looks at ALS patient’s lifestyles, their access to these medical devices, Indian therapeutic approaches and policy that impacts patients in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. As caretakers have a critical part in the care for this disease, their lives were also considered in the case studies. It was found that ALS patients are not experiencing access to medical devices necessary for life because of physical …
Impact Of Palliative Care Consultation On End Of Life Care Measures: A Retrospective Analysis Of Patients In The Oncology Care Model, 2019 Thomas Jefferson University
Impact Of Palliative Care Consultation On End Of Life Care Measures: A Retrospective Analysis Of Patients In The Oncology Care Model, Alison Greidinger, Md, Maria Vershvovsky, Md, Evan Lapinsky, Md, Alison Rhoades, Md, Amy Leader, Drph, Vittorio Maio, Pharmd, Jared Minetola, Karen Walsh, Ms, Mba, Valerie Csik, Mph, Cpps, Ruben Rhoades, Md
Department of Medical Oncology Posters
- In 2016 ASCO recommended that patients with advanced cancer receive dedicated palliative care (PC) services1. Early PC involvement is associated with lower spending, fewer 30-day readmission rates, decreased chemotherapy administration at the end of life (EOL) and increased hospice referrals2.
- Many patients are not referred and continue to receive chemotherapy and utilize high-acuity services near the EOL.
- The Oncology Care Model (OCM) is a CMS episode-based alternative payment model promoting high-value care.
- We evaluated the effect of PC visits on EOL outcomes including code status (CS) and spending in the last 30 days of life.
Development Of An Outpatient Palliative Care Protocol To Monitor Fidelity In The Emergency Medicine Palliative Care Access Trial., 2019 New York University
Development Of An Outpatient Palliative Care Protocol To Monitor Fidelity In The Emergency Medicine Palliative Care Access Trial., Corita R. Grudzen, Abigail M. Schmucker, Deborah J. Shim, Aminat Ibikunle, Jeanne Cho, Frank R. Chung, Susan E. Cohen
Student Papers & Posters
Introduction: Palliative care is recommended for patients with life-limiting illnesses; however, there are few standardized protocols for outpatient palliative care visits. To address the paucity of data, this article aims to: (1) describe the elements of outpatient palliative care that are generalizable across clinical sites; (2) achieve consensus about standardized instruments used to assess domains within outpatient palliative care; and (3) develop a protocol and intervention checklist for palliative care clinicians to document outpatient visit elements that might not normally be recorded in the electronic heath record.
Methods: As part of a randomized control trial of nurse-led telephonic case management …
Touch Of Grace Project, 2019 Palliative Care Institute, Western Washington University
Touch Of Grace Project, Marie Eaton, Sarah Bear
Palliative Care Institute
Touch of Grace is a video-based training program on palliative and end-of-life care for nursing home and assisted living staff, including all non-licensed support staff.
Pre- and Post-test data and focus group feedback indicate that the Touch of Grace training program improved understanding of palliative and end of life concepts and also provided tools to improve staff interactions with families and residents during the final days of a resident’s life. As predicted, the largest shifts in understanding were seen in the non-licensed staff, although gains were seen in all staff groups. Some facility-wide procedural changes to support a more palliative …
Advance Care Planning In Whatcom County, Wa: Opportunities For Evaluation And Expansion, 2019 Western Washington University
Advance Care Planning In Whatcom County, Wa: Opportunities For Evaluation And Expansion, Palliative Care Institute, Western Washington University, Whatcom Alliance For Health Advancement, Chuckanut Health Foundation
Palliative Care Institute
Numerous organizations and individuals in Whatcom County, Washington have been promoting advance care planning (ACP) Washington since 2012. In 2018 the Chuckanut Health Foundation provided funding to conduct an evaluation of advance care planning activities and their impact across all participating organizations. This report summarizes the evaluation goals, methods and findings. Based on the identified challenges and opportunities, recommendations are laid out for establishing ongoing, community-wide ACP evaluation, increasing integration of advance care planning into local healthcare and social service delivery, and expanding community outreach and education.