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Potent Inhibition Of Heterotopic Ossification By Nuclear Retinoic Acid Receptor-Γ Agonists., Kengo Shimono, Wei-En Tung, Christine Macolino, Amber Hsu-Tsai Chi, Johanna H Didizian, Christina Mundy, Roshantha A Chandraratna, Yuji Mishina, Motomi Enomoto-Iwamoto, Maurizio Pacifici, Masahiro Iwamoto 2011 Thomas Jefferson University College of Medicine

Potent Inhibition Of Heterotopic Ossification By Nuclear Retinoic Acid Receptor-Γ Agonists., Kengo Shimono, Wei-En Tung, Christine Macolino, Amber Hsu-Tsai Chi, Johanna H Didizian, Christina Mundy, Roshantha A Chandraratna, Yuji Mishina, Motomi Enomoto-Iwamoto, Maurizio Pacifici, Masahiro Iwamoto

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Heterotopic ossification consists of ectopic bone formation within soft tissues after surgery or trauma. It can have debilitating consequences, but there is no definitive cure. Here we show that heterotopic ossification was essentially prevented in mice receiving a nuclear retinoic acid receptor-γ (RAR-γ) agonist. Side effects were minimal, and there was no significant rebound effect. To uncover the mechanisms of these responses, we treated mouse mesenchymal stem cells with an RAR-γ agonist and transplanted them into nude mice. Whereas control cells formed ectopic bone masses, cells that had been pretreated with the RAR-γ agonist did not, suggesting that they had ...


A Preliminary Study Comparing The Use Of Allogenic Chondrogenic Pre-Differentiated And Undifferentiated Mesenchymal Stem Cells For The Repair Of Full Thickness Articular Cartilage Defects In Rabbits, Tunku Kamarul Zaman 2011 SelectedWorks

A Preliminary Study Comparing The Use Of Allogenic Chondrogenic Pre-Differentiated And Undifferentiated Mesenchymal Stem Cells For The Repair Of Full Thickness Articular Cartilage Defects In Rabbits, Tunku Kamarul Zaman

Tunku Kamarul Zaman

Chondrogenic differentiated mesenchymal stem cells (CMSCs) have been shown to produce superior chondrogenic expression markers in vitro. However, the use of these cells in vivo has not been fully explored. In this study, in vivo assessment of cartilage repair potential between allogenic-derived chondrogenic pre-differentiated mesenchymal stem cells and undifferentiated MSCs (MSCs) were compared. Bilateral full thickness cartilage defects were created on the medial femoral condyles of 12 rabbits (n = 12). Rabbits were divided into two groups. In one group, the defects in the right knees were repaired using alginate encapsulated MSCs while in the second group, CMSCs were used. The ...


Platelet-Rich Plasma (Prp) Enhances Bone Healing In Non-United Critical-Sized Defects: A Preliminary Study Involving Rabbit Models, Tunku Kamarul Zaman 2011 SelectedWorks

Platelet-Rich Plasma (Prp) Enhances Bone Healing In Non-United Critical-Sized Defects: A Preliminary Study Involving Rabbit Models, Tunku Kamarul Zaman

Tunku Kamarul Zaman

Introduction: The use of bone grafts in treating non- or delayed unions as the result of large bone loss is well established. However, despite good outcomes, the time to achieve complete union is still considerably long. To overcome this problem, the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been advocated albeit with varying success. To determine the true effectiveness of PRP in treating non-/delayed unions, a study was conducted using (n = 12) rabbit models. Methods and materials: Critical-sized defects measuring 2 cm created in the midshaft of the right rabbit tibias were stabilised using 2.7-mm small fragment plates. A ...


Failure To Perceive Increased Risk Of Fracture In Women 55 Years And Older: The Global Longitudinal Study Of Osteoporosis In Women (Glow), Ethel S. Siris, Stephen H. Gehlbach, J. D. Adachi, S. Boonen, R. D. Chapurlat, University of Cambridge, C. Cooper, P. Delmas, A. Diez-Perez, Fred H. Hooven, Andrea Z. LaCroix, J. C. Netelenbos, J. Pfeilschifter, M. Rossini, C. Roux, Kenneth G. Saag, P. Sambrook, S. Silverman, N. B. Watts, Allison Wyman, S. L. Greenspan 2011 Columbia University

Failure To Perceive Increased Risk Of Fracture In Women 55 Years And Older: The Global Longitudinal Study Of Osteoporosis In Women (Glow), Ethel S. Siris, Stephen H. Gehlbach, J. D. Adachi, S. Boonen, R. D. Chapurlat, University Of Cambridge, C. Cooper, P. Delmas, A. Diez-Perez, Fred H. Hooven, Andrea Z. Lacroix, J. C. Netelenbos, J. Pfeilschifter, M. Rossini, C. Roux, Kenneth G. Saag, P. Sambrook, S. Silverman, N. B. Watts, Allison Wyman, S. L. Greenspan

GLOW Publications

We compared self-perception of fracture risk with actual risk among 60,393 postmenopausal women aged >/=55 years, using data from the Global Longitudinal Study of Osteoporosis in Women (GLOW). Most postmenopausal women with risk factors failed to appreciate their actual risk for fracture. Improved education about osteoporosis risk factors is needed.

INTRODUCTION: This study seeks to compare self-perception of fracture risk with actual risk among postmenopausal women using data from GLOW.

METHODS: GLOW is an international, observational, cohort study involving 723 physician practices in 17 sites in ten countries in Europe, North America, and Australia. Participants included 60,393 women ...


A Preliminary Study Of The Effects Of Glucosamine Sulphate And Chondroitin Sulphate On Surgically Treated And Untreated Focal Cartilage Damage, Tunku Kamarul Zaman 2011 SelectedWorks

A Preliminary Study Of The Effects Of Glucosamine Sulphate And Chondroitin Sulphate On Surgically Treated And Untreated Focal Cartilage Damage, Tunku Kamarul Zaman

Tunku Kamarul Zaman

The effects of Glucosamine Sulphate (GS) and Chondroitin Sulphate (CS) on the healing of damaged and repaired articular cartilage were investigated. This study was conducted using 18 New Zealand white rabbits as experimental models. Focal cartilage defects, surgically created in the medial femoral condyle, were either treated by means of autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) or left untreated as controls. Rabbits were then divided into groups which received either GS+/-CS or no pharmacotherapy. Three rabbits from each group were sacrificed at 12 and 24 weeks post-surgery. Knees dissected from rabbits were then evaluated using gross quantification of repair tissue, glycosaminoglycan ...


A Comparison Of Two Pelvic Floor Muscle Training Programs In Females With Stress Urinary Incontinence: A Pilot Study, Betsy Donahoe-Fillmore, Wendy Chorny, C. Jayne Brahler, Ashley Ingley, Jennifer Kennedy, Valerie Osterfeld 2011 University of Dayton

A Comparison Of Two Pelvic Floor Muscle Training Programs In Females With Stress Urinary Incontinence: A Pilot Study, Betsy Donahoe-Fillmore, Wendy Chorny, C. Jayne Brahler, Ashley Ingley, Jennifer Kennedy, Valerie Osterfeld

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Background: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a condition affecting millions of Americans. Few studies have assessed the benefits of different exercises involved in pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT). Purposte: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a traditional PFMT program to an assisted pelvic floor muscle training (APFMT) program that included contraction of hip musculature.


Investigating The Associations Between Core Strength, Postural Control And Fine Motor Performance In Children, Rachel Burnett, Nicole Cornett, Gina Rekart, Betsy Donahoe-Fillmore, C. Jayne Brahler, Susan Aebker, Megan Kreill 2011 University of Dayton

Investigating The Associations Between Core Strength, Postural Control And Fine Motor Performance In Children, Rachel Burnett, Nicole Cornett, Gina Rekart, Betsy Donahoe-Fillmore, C. Jayne Brahler, Susan Aebker, Megan Kreill

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Study design: Quantitative design including statistical analysis.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine if there is an association between core strength, postural control, fine motor precision and integration, specifically in typical children in the first and third grades, ages 6-10. The secondary purpose of this study was to determine if there was an association between BMI and fine and gross motor ability in this same population.

Background: The relationship between core strength, postural control and fine motor skills in children is not well understood. The assumption that trunk stability and control are necessary for the maturation of ...


Using Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing To Evaluate Fatigue And Post-Exertional Malaise In Me/Cfs, Christopher R. Snell, Staci R. Stevens, Todd E. Davenport, J. Mark VanNess 2011 University of the Pacific

Using Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing To Evaluate Fatigue And Post-Exertional Malaise In Me/Cfs, Christopher R. Snell, Staci R. Stevens, Todd E. Davenport, J. Mark Vanness

School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences Faculty Articles

No abstract provided.


Knee Range Of Motion: Reliability And Agreement Of 3 Measurement Methods, Paul G. Peters, Michael A. Herbenick, Philip A. Anloague, Ronald J. Markert, L. Joseph Rubino 2011 Wright State University - Main Campus

Knee Range Of Motion: Reliability And Agreement Of 3 Measurement Methods, Paul G. Peters, Michael A. Herbenick, Philip A. Anloague, Ronald J. Markert, L. Joseph Rubino

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

We conducted a study to compare 3 methods of measuring knee range of motion: visual estimation by physicians, hand goniometry by physical therapists, and radiographic goniometry. We hypothesized that reliability would be high within and across all techniques. We found intrarater and interrater reliability to be satisfactory for visual estimation, hand goniometry, and radiographic goniometry. Interrater reliability across methods did not agree satisfactorily. Between-methods differences in estimating knee range of motion may result from variations in technique among physicians and physical therapists.


Neurologic Improvement After Thoracic, Thoracolumbar, And Lumbar Spinal Cord (Conus Medullaris) Injuries, James S. Harrop, MD, Swetha Naroji, Mitchell G. Maltenfort, PhD, John K. Ratliff, MD, Stavropoula L. Tjoumakaris, Brian Frank, D. Greg Anderson, M.D., Todd Albert, MD, Alexander R. Vaccaro, MD, PhD 2011 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Neurologic Improvement After Thoracic, Thoracolumbar, And Lumbar Spinal Cord (Conus Medullaris) Injuries, James S. Harrop, Md, Swetha Naroji, Mitchell G. Maltenfort, Phd, John K. Ratliff, Md, Stavropoula L. Tjoumakaris, Brian Frank, D. Greg Anderson, M.D., Todd Albert, Md, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Md, Phd

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Study Design. Retrospective. Objective. With approximately 10,000 new spinal cord injury (SCI) patients in the United States each year, predicting public health outcomes is an important public health concern. Combining all regions of the spine in SCI trials may be misleading if the lumbar and sacral regions (conus) have a neurologic improvement at different rates than the thoracic or thoracolumbar spinal cord.

Summary of Background Data. Over a 10-year period between January 1995 to 2005, 1746 consecutive spinal injured patients were seen, evaluated, and treated through a level 1 trauma referral center. A retrospective analysis was performed on 150 ...


The Infected Hip: A Treatment Algorithm, Bahar Adeli, Javad Parvizi MD 2011 Rothman Institute, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

The Infected Hip: A Treatment Algorithm, Bahar Adeli, Javad Parvizi Md

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

The management of periprosthetic joint infection following total joint arthroplasty is presently a major challenge to orthopedic surgeons. Despite various treatment options available, the two-stage revision procedure is most often chosen in North America because of a high success rate, especially in cases involving resistant organisms. Sometimes the use of antibiotics alone, irrigation with debridement, or a one-stage exchange may be a more appropriate treatment option. Various factors such as the status of a patient’s immune system, time of onset of the infection, as well as susceptibility of causative microorganism should be considered as they play an important role ...


Biochemical Comparison Of Osteoarthritic Knees With And Without Effusion, Nicole M. Cattano, Jeffrey B. Driban, Easwaran Balasubramanian, Mary F. Barbe, Mamta Amin, Michael R. Sitler 2011 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Biochemical Comparison Of Osteoarthritic Knees With And Without Effusion, Nicole M. Cattano, Jeffrey B. Driban, Easwaran Balasubramanian, Mary F. Barbe, Mamta Amin, Michael R. Sitler

Sports Medicine Faculty Publication

No abstract provided.


Short-Term And Long-Term Effects Of Orthopedic Biodegradable Implants, Ami R. Amini, James S. Wallace, Syam P. Nukavarapu 2011 University of Connecticut School of Medicine and Dentistry

Short-Term And Long-Term Effects Of Orthopedic Biodegradable Implants, Ami R. Amini, James S. Wallace, Syam P. Nukavarapu

Articles - Patient Care

Presently, orthopedic and oral/maxillofacial implants represent a combined $2.8 billion market, a figure expected to experience significant and continued growth. Although traditional permanent implants have been proved clinically efficacious, they are also associated with several drawbacks, including secondary revision and removal surgeries. Non-permanent, biodegradable implants offer a promising alternative for patients, as they provide temporary support and degrade at a rate matching tissue formation, and thus, eliminate the need for secondary surgeries. These implants have been in clinical use for nearly 25 years, competing directly with, or maybe even exceeding, the performance of permanent implants. The initial implantation ...


Arthroscopic Repair Of Meniscal Tears With Inside-Out Technique, Hasnain Raza, Kashif Abbas, Masood Umer 2011 Aga Khan University

Arthroscopic Repair Of Meniscal Tears With Inside-Out Technique, Hasnain Raza, Kashif Abbas, Masood Umer

Section of Orthopaedic Surgery

Objective: To review the clinical results of arthroscopic meniscal repair and to identify factors that may affect the outcome.
Methods: A total of 15 arthroscopic meniscal repairs with inside-out in 14 patients over a 7-year period were evaluated retrospectively. The mean age was 41.2 +/- 11.5 years with a range of 26-64 years. Eleven patients underwent repair for medial meniscal tear, two patients for lateral meniscus and one patient for both in the same knee. All patients were functionally evaluated by Lysholm functional knee scores over an average follow-up of 1 year and 5 months (range: 0.5-7 years ...


Osteochondral Grafting Of Knee Joint Using Mosaicplasty, Muhammad Abdul Wajid, Muhammad Idrees Shah, Mohsin e. Azam, Tashfeen Ahmad 2011 Aga Khan University

Osteochondral Grafting Of Knee Joint Using Mosaicplasty, Muhammad Abdul Wajid, Muhammad Idrees Shah, Mohsin E. Azam, Tashfeen Ahmad

Section of Orthopaedic Surgery

Focal cartilage defects of articular surface-traumatic and degenerative are difficult to treat, thus a variety of surgical techniques have been developed and reported for treatment of such defects. Procedures such as Priddies perforations, microfracture, abrasion chondroplasty have shown long-term results which are often less than adequate. One of the reasons is that all these techniques lead to the formation of fibrocartilage which has inferior mechanical properties as compared to the native hyaline cartilage. Mosaicplasty is a procedure which aims at replacing the lost articular cartilage with hyaline cartilage including underlying bone support, thus providing adequate stability to the cartilage and ...


Effects Of Lateral Ligament Sectioning On The Stability Of The Ankle And Subtalar Joint, Stacie I. Ringleb, Ajaya Dhakal, Claude D. Anderson, Sebastian Bawab, Rajesh Paranjape 2011 Old Dominion University

Effects Of Lateral Ligament Sectioning On The Stability Of The Ankle And Subtalar Joint, Stacie I. Ringleb, Ajaya Dhakal, Claude D. Anderson, Sebastian Bawab, Rajesh Paranjape

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

Patients with subtalar joint instability are often diagnosed with ankle instability. Only after a prolonged period of time in which a patient does not improve after treatment for ankle instability is subtalar joint instability considered. To develop a clinically relevant method to diagnose subtalar joint instability, the kinematics of the simulated unstable subtalar joint were examined. A 6 degree-of-freedom positioning and loading device was developed. Plantarflexion/dorsiflexion, inversion/eversion, and internal/external rotation were applied individually or as coupled motions along with an anterior/posterior drawer. Kinematic data were collected from sensors attached to the calcaneus, talus, and tibia by ...


Cast-Saw Burns: Evaluation Of Skin, Cast, And Blade Temperatures Generated During Cast Removal, Franklin D. Shuler MD, Frank N. Grisafi 2010 Marshall University

Cast-Saw Burns: Evaluation Of Skin, Cast, And Blade Temperatures Generated During Cast Removal, Franklin D. Shuler Md, Frank N. Grisafi

Orthopaedics

Background: The use of an oscillating saw for cast removal creates a potential for iatrogenic injury and patient discomfort. Burns and abrasions can occur from the heat created by frictional forces and direct blade contact. With use of a cadaver model system, skin temperature measurements were recorded during cast removal with an oscillating saw.

Methods: Casts of uniform thickness were applied to cadavers equilibrated to body temperature. The casts were removed by a single individual while simultaneously measuring temperatures at the skin-padding interface, cast-padding interface, and the blade. Variables tested include two removal techniques, two casting materials (fiberglass and plaster ...


Physician’S Ability To Manually Detect Isolated Elevation In Leg Intracompartmental Pressure., Franklin D. Shuler MD, Matthew J. Dietz 2010 Marshall University

Physician’S Ability To Manually Detect Isolated Elevation In Leg Intracompartmental Pressure., Franklin D. Shuler Md, Matthew J. Dietz

Orthopaedics

Background: Serial physical examination is recommended for patients for whom there is a high index of suspicion for compartment syndrome. This examination is more difficult when performed on an obtunded patient and relies on the sensitivity of manual palpation to detect compartment firmness—a direct manifestation of increased intracompartmental pressure. This study was performed to establish the sensitivity of manual palpation for detecting critical pressure elevations in the leg compartments most frequently involved in clinical compartment syndrome.

Methods: Reproducible, sustained elevation of intracompartmental pressure was established in fresh cadaver leg specimens. Pressures tested included 20 and 40 mm Hg (negative ...


Prophylactic Radiation Therapy Is Safe And Effective Treatment For The Prevention Of Recurrent Heterotopic Ossification In Elbow And Knee Joints, M. V. Mishra, L. Austin, J. Parvisi, M. Ramsey, T. N. Showalter 2010 Thomas Jefferson University and Hospitals

Prophylactic Radiation Therapy Is Safe And Effective Treatment For The Prevention Of Recurrent Heterotopic Ossification In Elbow And Knee Joints, M. V. Mishra, L. Austin, J. Parvisi, M. Ramsey, T. N. Showalter

Bodine Journal

Background: Background Prophylactic radiation therapy (RT) is an established adjuvant therapy for heterotopic ossification (HO) of the hip when delivered in the immediate pre- or post-operative setting. Its role in prevention of recurrence after excision of HO is supported by randomized trials for HO of the hip, but there is scant evidence to support a similar approach in non-hip joints. In the current study, we evaluate radiologic and functional outcomes after prophylactic radiation therapy (RT) for prevention of HO of the knee and upper extremity [elbow and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints].

American Society for Therapeutic Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) 52nd Annual Meeting ...


Injection Treatment And Back Pain Associated With Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis In Older Adults, Virginia G. Briggs, Wenjun Li, Mark S. Kaplan, Mark S. Eskander, Patricia D. Franklin 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Injection Treatment And Back Pain Associated With Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis In Older Adults, Virginia G. Briggs, Wenjun Li, Mark S. Kaplan, Mark S. Eskander, Patricia D. Franklin

GSBS Student Publications

BACKGROUND: Lower back pain is one of the most common health-related complaints in the adult population. Thirty percent of Americans 65 years and older reported symptoms of lower back pain in 2004 (NCHS, 2006). Injection treatment is a commonly used non-surgical procedure to alleviate lower back pain in older adults. However, the effectiveness of injection treatment, particularly in older adults, has not been well documented.

OBJECTIVE: This study quantified the effectiveness of injection treatment on pain relief among adults 60 years and over who were diagnosed with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis, a common cause of lower back pain in older ...


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