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Survivorship, Complications, And Outcomes Following Distal Femoral Replacement Using Megaprosthesis, Keenan Sobol, John Strony, Timothy Tan, MD, Scot Brown, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Survivorship, Complications, And Outcomes Following Distal Femoral Replacement Using Megaprosthesis, Keenan Sobol, John Strony, Timothy Tan, Md, Scot Brown, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Distal femoral bone loss is often managed with a combination of modular prostheses, structural and non-structural allografts, and metal augmentation. However, when bone loss of the distal femur is severe, the viability of these methods can be limited.In the setting of severe bone loss, endoprosthetic reconstruction (EPR) with a megaprosthesis has become increasingly popular for both malignant and non-neoplastic indications. The primary aim of this study was to determine the short-term prosthesis survivorship, as well as complications, for patients who presented with non-neoplastic disease indications for megaprosthesis distal femoral replacement (DFR) at a single institution. The secondary aim ...


Ain To Ulnar Motor Nerve Transfer Meta Analysis, Melanie Luikart, Asif M. Ilyas, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Ain To Ulnar Motor Nerve Transfer Meta Analysis, Melanie Luikart, Asif M. Ilyas, Md

Phase 1

Background: There are currently few comprehensive studies of end-to-end and “supercharged” reverse end-to-side (SETS) anterior interosseous nerve (AIN) to ulnar nerve transfers for treatment of ulnar neuropathy. The authors performed a literature review existing published literature to evaluate the indications for, and utility of, AIN-ulnar nerve transfer as a treatment method and to inform future treatment decisions.

Methods: A literature review was performed based on the following inclusion criteria: inclusion of anterior interosseous nerve or AIN, ulnar nerve or ulnar motor nerve, transfer or nerve transfer, and outcome, motor, clinical, ulnar neuropathies, ulnar nerve paralysis, treatment or function. Exclusion criteria ...


Investigation Of The Superman Stretch On Posterior Capsule Range Of Motion, Brian Gibbs, Christopher M. Aland, MD, Joshua Hornstein, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Investigation Of The Superman Stretch On Posterior Capsule Range Of Motion, Brian Gibbs, Christopher M. Aland, Md, Joshua Hornstein, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Shoulder pain is a common clinical entity affecting all age groups and can frequently be attributed to pathological internal impingement. A primary contributing factor to labrum tears and internal impingement is posterior capsule tightness. In order to improve range of motion (R.O.M.), prior studies have demonstrated that stretching is an important tool for increasing R.O.M. at many joints. We hypothesized that the superman stretch would lead to greater increases in IR than the traditional sleeper stretch.

Methods: A level II, prospective study in collegiate-level athletes from The College of New Jersey (TCNJ) was performed. Shoulder ...


Static Vs. Expandable Peek Interbody Cages: A Comparison Of One-Year Clinical And Radiographic Outcomes For One-Level Tlif, Ryan Nachwalter, Parthik Patel, MD, Alexander R. Vaccaro, MD, PhD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Static Vs. Expandable Peek Interbody Cages: A Comparison Of One-Year Clinical And Radiographic Outcomes For One-Level Tlif, Ryan Nachwalter, Parthik Patel, Md, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Md, Phd

Phase 1

Introduction: Degenerative spine disease is a disabling condition affecting many worldwide. Transoforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) procedures help stabilize the spine, while improving back and/or leg pain. With the introduction of new implant designs and modifications, focus has shifted to optimizing spinopelvic alignment, fusion rates, and more. This study aims to explore the effect of static versus expandable polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages on patient-reported outcomes (PROMs) and radiographic outcomes (subsidence, disk height, and alignment parameters).

Materials/Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using a database of patients in a single, high volume academic center. Patient outcomes were obtained from ...


Static V. Expandable Tlif Cage Outcomes, Harrison Pajovich, Ryan Nachwalter, Lohit Velagapudi, Joseph Zarowin, Alexander R. Vaccaro, MD, PhD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Static V. Expandable Tlif Cage Outcomes, Harrison Pajovich, Ryan Nachwalter, Lohit Velagapudi, Joseph Zarowin, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Md, Phd

Phase 1

Static cages were introduced in the 1990s as a solution to degenerative spondylolisthesis, recurrent disc herniation and spinal stenosis. As this procedure was popularized, a new class of expandable Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion devices was introduced to further improve outcomes that will be studied in this project. It will be explored how expandable cages compare to static cages in TLIF procedures in patient-reported outcomes, complications and restoration of appropriate lumbar lordosis. We conducted a retrospective cohort review comparing those who received expandable and static cages. Eligible patients received TLIF procedure at the Rothman Institute, were ≥18 years of age and ...


Outcomes In Knot Vs Knotless Surgery In Labrum Tears, Zachary Howell, Benjamin Hendy, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Outcomes In Knot Vs Knotless Surgery In Labrum Tears, Zachary Howell, Benjamin Hendy, Md

Phase 1

A Bankart lesion is a tear of the anterior and inferior glenoid labrum. The primary method of repairing this lesion is to sew the detached part back to the joint, however there is a relatively newer method of doing so that does not involve tying a knot in the joint which may cause less joint irritation. The question our research project attempted to answer was: How do the long-term outcomes associated with knotless Bankart labrum repairs compare with the knot repairs? A retrospective cohort study was done with Rothman Institute Bankart lesion patients from 2010-2016. Data was gathered over phone ...


Is Facet Joint Distraction A Cause Of Postoperative Axial Neck Pain After Acdf Surgery?, Nathan Houlihan, Srikanth N. Divi, MD, Dhruv K.C. Goyal, John J. Mangan, MD, Justin D. Stull, MD, Matthew S. Galetta, Jeffrey A. Rihn, Mark F. Kurd, MD, D. Greg Anderson, MD, Alan S. Hilibrand, MD, Alexander R. Vaccaro, MD, PhD, MBA, Christopher K. Kepler, MD, MBA, Gregory D. Schroeder, MD, Joseph K. Lee, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Is Facet Joint Distraction A Cause Of Postoperative Axial Neck Pain After Acdf Surgery?, Nathan Houlihan, Srikanth N. Divi, Md, Dhruv K.C. Goyal, John J. Mangan, Md, Justin D. Stull, Md, Matthew S. Galetta, Jeffrey A. Rihn, Mark F. Kurd, Md, D. Greg Anderson, Md, Alan S. Hilibrand, Md, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Md, Phd, Mba, Christopher K. Kepler, Md, Mba, Gregory D. Schroeder, Md, Joseph K. Lee, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Intervertebral distraction in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) has been postulated to injure the degenerative facet joints posteriorly and increase postoperative pain and disability. This study aims to determine if there is a correlation between the amount of facet distraction and postoperative patient reported outcomes.

Methods: A retrospective cohort analysis of patients undergoing ACDF for degenerative pathologies was performed. Each patient received lateral cervical spine x-rays at the immediate postoperative time point and were split into groups based on the amount of facet distraction measured on these films: Group A: < 1.5 mm; Group B: 1.5-2.0 mm; and Group C: > 2.0 mm. Patients reported outcome measures were ...


Conversion Total Knee Arthroplasty Needs Its Own Diagnosis Related Group Facility Reimbursement Code, Jonah Stein, Michael Yayac, MD, Gregory K. Deirmengian, MD, Javad Parvizi, MD, P. Maxwell Courtney, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Conversion Total Knee Arthroplasty Needs Its Own Diagnosis Related Group Facility Reimbursement Code, Jonah Stein, Michael Yayac, Md, Gregory K. Deirmengian, Md, Javad Parvizi, Md, P. Maxwell Courtney, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Conversion from a prior surgery to a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a more technically difficult procedure than primary TKA and is associated with worse short-term outcomes and increased complication and readmission rates, despite being undifferentiated under the current bundled payment model. The aim of this study was to determine differences in facility costs between primary TKA and conversion TKA, which we hypothesize are significant, to ensure providers are not penalized for treatment and high-risk patients have the same access to care.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive series of patients undergoing primary TKA at two hospitals within Rothman ...


The Use Of Cementless Components Does Not Significantly Increase Procedural Costs In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Samantha Harrer, Michael Yayac, MD, William J. Hozack, MD, Javad Parvizi, MD, FRCS, P. Maxwell Courtney, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

The Use Of Cementless Components Does Not Significantly Increase Procedural Costs In Total Knee Arthroplasty, Samantha Harrer, Michael Yayac, Md, William J. Hozack, Md, Javad Parvizi, Md, Frcs, P. Maxwell Courtney, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Modern cementless total knee arthroplasty (TKA) designs have shown promising early clinical success; however, concerns exist regarding the higher cost of the cementless implants. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the total facility cost of cementless vs traditional cemented TKA along with the effect of cementless fixation on short-term outcomes.

Methods: We reviewed a consecutive series of patients between 2015 and 2017 who underwent either cementless or cemented primary TKA. Itemized facility costs were calculated for every procedure using a time-driven activity-based costing algorithm. Controlling for demographic variables and medical comorbidities, we performed a multivariate analysis to ...


Functional Outcomes After Lumbar Fusion In Opioid-Tolerant Patients, Max Detweiler, Noah Levy, Dhruv K.C. Goyal, Ariana Reyes, Alex R. Vaccaro, MD, PhD, MBA 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Functional Outcomes After Lumbar Fusion In Opioid-Tolerant Patients, Max Detweiler, Noah Levy, Dhruv K.C. Goyal, Ariana Reyes, Alex R. Vaccaro, Md, Phd, Mba

Phase 1

Introduction: Prolonged opioid use after lumbar fusion surgery is implicated with increased hospital readmissions, higher postoperative pain scores, and longer return to work time. There are several non-modifiable risk factors for postoperative opioid use including socioeconomic status and gender. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of opioid-tolerance on PROMs and to determine risk factors for prolonged opioid use after lumbar spine surgery.

Method: Using retrospective cohort analysis, patients who underwent lumbar spinal fusion at TJUH were identified and determined to be either opioid-naïve or opioid-tolerant using the Pennsylvania PDMP. Outcomes included number of opioid tablets consumed ...


Evaluation Of Rotator Cuff Repair With Concomitant Biceps Tenodesis, Matthew Beucherie, Daniel Nemirov, Sommer Hammoud, MD, Meghan Bishop, MD, Brandon Erickson, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Evaluation Of Rotator Cuff Repair With Concomitant Biceps Tenodesis, Matthew Beucherie, Daniel Nemirov, Sommer Hammoud, Md, Meghan Bishop, Md, Brandon Erickson, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Surgical rotator cuff repair (RCR) has proven to be an effective treatment for rotator cuff tears. Commonly, rotator cuff tears are associated with concomitant biceps pathology, which are often treated by biceps tenodesis (BT). We hypothesize that patient outcomes will be similar in those that have undergone RCR with concomitant BT and isolated RCR.

Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study comparing patients who underwent arthroscopic RCR with arthroscopic or open BT to patients who underwent isolated RCR at a multisurgeon orthopaedic practice during the time period of November 2016 to December 2016. The outcome for comparison is the ...


Predictors Of Functional Outcomes Following Operative Treatment Of Acute Achilles Tendon Ruptures, Andrew Fisher, Ryan Rogero, Joseph O'Neil, MD, Daniel Fuchs, MD, Steven Raikin, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Predictors Of Functional Outcomes Following Operative Treatment Of Acute Achilles Tendon Ruptures, Andrew Fisher, Ryan Rogero, Joseph O'Neil, Md, Daniel Fuchs, Md, Steven Raikin, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Previous studies involving operative management of Achilles tendon ruptures have attempted to determine if patient factors influence outcomes. No previous study has attempted to identify outcome predictors in patients exclusively undergoing surgical repair. The purpose of this study is to determine if any injury or patient variables were predictive of outcomes following operative management of Achilles ruptures.

Methods: Patient demographics including age, sex, body mass index (BMI), comorbidities (diabetes mellitus, depression, anxiety), mechanism of injury (sports, non-sports), and date of injury were collected. Postoperative notes were reviewed to determine compliance. Patients completed the Foot & Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM)-Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and –Sports subscales, and visual analog scale (VAS) for pain. Multivariable regression analysis was performed, and regression coefficients with 95% confidence intervals and p-values were reported.

Results: Female sex was associated with lower FAAM-Sports score (-10.11 [-19.73,-0.50]) and a lower Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation score from the FAAM-Sports subscale (-13.79 [-26.28,-1.30]; p=0.0325). History of ...


Does Lumbar Spinal Fusion Affect Tha Stability – An Evaluation Of Surgical Approach For Tha?, Joseph Bechay, Dhruv K.C. Goyal, Srikanth N. Divi, MD, Matthew S. Galetta, I. David Kaye, MD, Mark F. Kurd, MD, Barrett I. Woods, MD, Kris E. Radcliff, MD, Jeffrey A. Rihn, MD, D. Greg Anderson, MD, Alan S. Hilibrand, MD, Christopher K. Kepler, MD, MBA, Alex R. Vaccaro, MD, PhD, MBA, Gregory D. Schroeder, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Does Lumbar Spinal Fusion Affect Tha Stability – An Evaluation Of Surgical Approach For Tha?, Joseph Bechay, Dhruv K.C. Goyal, Srikanth N. Divi, Md, Matthew S. Galetta, I. David Kaye, Md, Mark F. Kurd, Md, Barrett I. Woods, Md, Kris E. Radcliff, Md, Jeffrey A. Rihn, Md, D. Greg Anderson, Md, Alan S. Hilibrand, Md, Christopher K. Kepler, Md, Mba, Alex R. Vaccaro, Md, Phd, Mba, Gregory D. Schroeder, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Lumbar spine fusion (LSF) has been demonstrated to increase the risk of dislocation in patients who have undergone Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA), especially when the LSF was performed prior to the THA. Rates of dislocation have been published as high as 7.4%. The intrinsic stability of THA is higher after anterior surgical approaches as compared to a posterior approach for THA – possibly related to retention of the posterior capsule with anterior approaches to the hip. There are no data on whether surgical approach for THA – anterior vs posterior – affects this increased risk of dislocation in patients with LSF ...


3d Printing Of Bone Spurs Before Surgical Removal During Total Knee Arthroplasty, John Paul Prodoehl 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

3d Printing Of Bone Spurs Before Surgical Removal During Total Knee Arthroplasty, John Paul Prodoehl

Phase 1

Project Background: In the United States, total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the most performed orthopaedic operation. Among the 700,00 patients who received TKA, 21-25% underwent revision due to knee instability. Proper stability of a TKA depends on soft tissue balance for proper alignment in flexion and extension, and improper soft tissue modification is the primary cause of early implant failure. Soft tissue balancing can be complicated by presence of osteophytes on the distal femur or proximal tibia, which may require removal. The three-dimensional structure of osteophytes is often difficult to visualize with imaging, which could cause incomplete removal. Utilizing ...


3d Printing Of Bone Spurs Before Surgical Removal, Katelyn Koons, John Paul Prodoehl, Matthew Chadwick, Chris Li, Lauren Schlegel, Jeffrey Henstenburg, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

3d Printing Of Bone Spurs Before Surgical Removal, Katelyn Koons, John Paul Prodoehl, Matthew Chadwick, Chris Li, Lauren Schlegel, Jeffrey Henstenburg, Md

Phase 1

Project Background: In the United States, 2% of the population will experience bone spurs, which will not resolve on their own.1 Of people over 60 who experience a bone spur, 40% will require medical attention.2 The soft tissue visualization appears to be difficult with imaging, leaving increased chance of poor balancing of the knee replacement. Osteophyte structure continues to be difficult to visualize in a 3D way and without their proper removal, can lead to increased rate of revision surgery. Having a 3D model of the bone spur may decrease risk of complication and enhance soft tissue modification ...


3d Printing Of Bone Spurs Before Surgical Removal, Matthew Chadwick, John Paul Prodoehl, Katelyn Koons, Chris Li, Lauren Schlegel, Jeffrey Henstenburg, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

3d Printing Of Bone Spurs Before Surgical Removal, Matthew Chadwick, John Paul Prodoehl, Katelyn Koons, Chris Li, Lauren Schlegel, Jeffrey Henstenburg, Md

Phase 1

Project Background: In the US alone, total knee arthroplasty is the most common performed orthopedic surgery, with over 700,000 cases per year.1 Overall, 21-25% underwent revision due to instability.2 The stability of a TKA depends largely on soft tissue balance for proper alignment in flexion and extension. Soft tissue balancing in TKA depends on posterior femoral condylar osteophytes, which prevent full extension of the knee and increase tension posteriorly. Pre-operative soft tissue visualization is difficult and this leaves an increased chance for implant failure and revision surgery. Having a 3D model of the bone spur before and ...


3d Printing Of Knee Models To Decrease Or Time And Reduce Revisional Surgery In Total Knee Arthroplasty (Tka), Lauren Schlegel, John Paul Prodoehl, Matthew Chadwick, Chris Li, Katelyn Koons, Jeffrey Henstenburg, MD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

3d Printing Of Knee Models To Decrease Or Time And Reduce Revisional Surgery In Total Knee Arthroplasty (Tka), Lauren Schlegel, John Paul Prodoehl, Matthew Chadwick, Chris Li, Katelyn Koons, Jeffrey Henstenburg, Md

Phase 1

Project Background: Osteophytes are a common problem, affecting 2% of the United States population. For many elderly people, these osteophytes will cause them to seek medical attention. Due to the 2-D nature of MRIs and CT scans, it can be difficult to gain a complete understanding of the complicated soft tissue structures surrounding the joint when performing a Total Knee Arthroplasty(TKA). Without proper removal of osteophytes and correct soft tissue balancing, there is an increased rate of revisional surgery. By utilizing a 3-D model preoperatively and within the OR, surgeons can visualize various aspects of the knee to determine ...


A Prospective Study Comparing Tendon-To-Bone Interface Healing Using An Interposition Bioresorbable Scaffold With A Vented Anchor For Primary Rotator Cuff Repair In Sheep., Jeremiah Easley, Christian Puttlitz, Eileen Hackett, Cecily Broomfield, Lucas Nakamura, Michael Hawes, Charles Getz, Mark Frankle, Patrick St Pierre, Robert Tashjian, P Dean Cummings, Joseph Abboud, Derek Harper, Kirk McGilvray 2020 Colorado State University

A Prospective Study Comparing Tendon-To-Bone Interface Healing Using An Interposition Bioresorbable Scaffold With A Vented Anchor For Primary Rotator Cuff Repair In Sheep., Jeremiah Easley, Christian Puttlitz, Eileen Hackett, Cecily Broomfield, Lucas Nakamura, Michael Hawes, Charles Getz, Mark Frankle, Patrick St Pierre, Robert Tashjian, P Dean Cummings, Joseph Abboud, Derek Harper, Kirk Mcgilvray

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical and histologic properties of rotator cuff repairs using a vented anchor attached to a bioresorbable interpositional scaffold composed of aligned PLGA (poly(l-lactide-co-glycoside)) microfibers in an animal model compared to standard anchors in an ovine model.

METHODS: Fifty-six (n = 56) skeletally mature sheep were randomly assigned to a repair of an acute infraspinatus tendon detachment using a innovative anchor-PLGA scaffold device (Treatment) or a similar anchor without the scaffold (Control). Animals were humanely euthanized at 7 and 12 weeks post repair. Histologic and biomechanical properties of the repairs were ...


Oral Contraceptives As Possible Acl Injury Prevention Method, Haley Schweizer 2020 Arcadia University

Oral Contraceptives As Possible Acl Injury Prevention Method, Haley Schweizer

Capstone Showcase

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries are an upsetting setback for many athletes that require a long and costly recovery process. The injury rates are four times greater in women than men. Preventative measures that help to prevent ACL injuries are limited to stretching and strengthening. Therefore, this review aims to investigate if oral contraceptive [I] usage provides a possible new avenue for prevention of ACL injury [O] in young female athletes (ages 18-30) [P] compared to those that do not take oral contraceptives [C].

Methods: A literature review was performed though PubMed, Google Scholar, SCOPUS Database, and ClinicalKey ...


Epidemiology Of Hip Fractures In Bulgaria: Development Of A Country-Specific Frax Model, E. Kirilova, H. Johansson, N. Kirilov, S. Vladeva, T. Petranova, Z. Kolarov, E. Liu, M. Lorentzon, L. Vandenput, N. C. Harvey, E. McCloskey, John A. Kanis 2020 Australian Catholic University

Epidemiology Of Hip Fractures In Bulgaria: Development Of A Country-Specific Frax Model, E. Kirilova, H. Johansson, N. Kirilov, S. Vladeva, T. Petranova, Z. Kolarov, E. Liu, M. Lorentzon, L. Vandenput, N. C. Harvey, E. Mccloskey, John A. Kanis

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Summary: A retrospective population-based survey was undertaken in a region of Bulgaria to determine the incidence of hip fracture. The estimated number of hip fractures nationwide for 2015 was 9322 and is predicted to increase to 11,398 in 2050. The hip fracture rates were used to create a FRAX model. Objective: To describe the epidemiology of hip fractures in Bulgaria, which was then used to develop the country-specific fracture prediction FRAX® tool. Methods: We carried out a retrospective population-based survey in Stara Zagora, Bulgaria, representing approximately 4.6% of the country’s population. We identified hip fractures occurring in ...


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