Coats Plus Syndrome With New Observation Of Drusenoid Retinal Pigment Epithelial Detachments In A Teenager, 2022 Thomas Jefferson University
Coats Plus Syndrome With New Observation Of Drusenoid Retinal Pigment Epithelial Detachments In A Teenager, Kushal U. Agrawal, Nicholas E. Kalafatis, Carol L. Shields
Wills Eye Hospital Papers
Purpose: To describe a case of Coats Plus Syndrome (CPS), a vision and life threatening disease belonging to a family of diseases known as the Telomere Biology Disorders.
Observations: A 15-year-old girl with a history of small for gestational age, short stature, microcephaly, thinning/ greying of scalp hair, skin hyperpigmentation, nail ridging, and multiple pathological fractures presented with bilateral Coats-like retinopathy. We discovered a new observation of multiple peripheral pinpoint retinal pigment epithelial detachments (PEDs). Further genetic testing revealed CTC1 gene mutation and she was diagnosed with Coats plus syndrome with features of dyskeratosis congenita, a telomere biology disorder.
Tnf-Α And Nf-Κb Signaling Play A Critical Role In Cigarette Smoke-Induced Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Of Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells In Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy, 2022 University of Rochester Medical Center
Tnf-Α And Nf-Κb Signaling Play A Critical Role In Cigarette Smoke-Induced Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Of Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells In Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy, Victor Wang, Alison Heffer, Elisa Roztocil, Steven E Feldon, Richard T Libby, Collynn F Woeller, Ajay E Kuriyan
Wills Eye Hospital Papers
Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is characterized by the growth and contraction of cellular membranes within the vitreous cavity and on both surfaces of the retina, resulting in recurrent retinal detachments and poor visual outcomes. Proinflammatory cytokines like tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) have been associated with PVR and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. Cigarette smoke is the only known modifiable risk factor for PVR, but the mechanisms are unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of cigarette smoke on the proinflammatory TNFα/NF-κB/Snail pathway in RPE cells to better understand the mechanisms through …
Wellness Study: Functional Visual Outcomes In Eye Disease Patients Following The Covid-19 Pandemic, 2022 Western University
Wellness Study: Functional Visual Outcomes In Eye Disease Patients Following The Covid-19 Pandemic, Andrew Maher
Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused delays in health services and medical appointments, affecting approximately one in three Canadian adults. Elderly eye disease patients experienced delays in treatment for eye conditions including cataracts, glaucoma, and retinal diseases. The impact of these delays on functional visual outcomes and general health rating of elderly patients is not well understood. As part of the Wellness Study, we aimed to investigate the pandemic-related impacts on functional vision and general health rating in an elderly eye patient population in London, Ontario.
Impact Of The Time To Surgery On Visual Outcomes For Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Repair: A Meta-Analysis, 2022 McMaster University (A.S.)
Impact Of The Time To Surgery On Visual Outcomes For Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Repair: A Meta-Analysis, Amirthan Sothivannan, Arshia Eshtiaghi, Arjan S. Dhoot, Marko M. Popovic, Sunir J. Garg, Peter J. Kertes, Rajeev H. Muni
Wills Eye Hospital Papers
PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between time from symptom onset or presentation to repair and visual outcomes for macula-on and macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).
METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library for randomized controlled trials and observational studies comparing best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) based on time to RRD repair. Study identifiers, baseline characteristics, intervention characteristics, and visual outcomes were extracted. We conducted a random effects meta-analysis. Sensitivity analyses included leave-1-out and influence analyses. Primary outcomes included mean difference (MD) in final BCVA, MD between preoperative and final BCVA (∆BCVA), and relative risk of final BCVA24 hours. …
Glucose Uptake By Glut1 In Photoreceptors Is Essential For Outer Segment Renewal And Rod Photoreceptor Survival, 2022 Thomas Jefferson University
Glucose Uptake By Glut1 In Photoreceptors Is Essential For Outer Segment Renewal And Rod Photoreceptor Survival, Lauren L. Daniele, John Y.S. Han, Ivy S Samuels, Ravikiran Komirisetty, Nikhil Mehta, Jessica L Mccord, Minzhong Yu, Yekai Wang, Kathleen Boesze-Battaglia, Brent A Bell, Jianhai Du, Neal S Peachey, Nancy J. Philp
Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers
Photoreceptors consume glucose supplied by the choriocapillaris to support phototransduction and outer segment (OS) renewal. Reduced glucose supply underlies photoreceptor cell death in inherited retinal degeneration and age-related retinal disease. We have previously shown that restricting glucose transport into the outer retina by conditional deletion of Slc2a1 encoding GLUT1 resulted in photoreceptor loss and impaired OS renewal. However, retinal neurons, glia, and the retinal pigment epithelium play specialized, synergistic roles in metabolite supply and exchange, and the cell-specific map of glucose uptake and utilization in the retina is incomplete. In these studies, we conditionally deleted Slc2a1 in a pan-retinal or …
Barriers To Care For Poststroke Visual Deficits In Alberta, Canada, 2022 Alberta Health Services, Canada
Barriers To Care For Poststroke Visual Deficits In Alberta, Canada, Kiran Pohar Manhas, Karim Damji, Katelyn Brehon, Jennis Jiang, Peter Faris, Fiona Costello
Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences
Poststroke visual impairment (VI) negatively affects rehabilitation potential and quality of life for stroke survivors. In this cross-sectional observational study, stroke survivors and providers were surveyed to quantify perspectives regarding care for poststroke VI in Alberta, Canada (n = 46 survivors; n = 87 providers). Few patients (35%) felt prepared to cope with VI at the time of discharge from acute stroke and inpatient rehabilitation settings. Less than 25% of stroke survivors, and
Effectiveness Of Machine Learning Classifiers For Cataract Screening, 2022 The University of Western Ontario
Effectiveness Of Machine Learning Classifiers For Cataract Screening, Ronald Cheung
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Cataract is the leading cause of blindness and vision loss globally. The implementation of artificial intelligence (AI) in the healthcare industry has been on the rise in the past few decades and machine learning (ML) classifiers have shown to be able to diagnose patients with cataracts. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to assess the diagnostic accuracy of these ML classifiers for cataracts currently published in the literature. Retrieved from nine articles, the pooled sensitivity was 94.8% and the specificity was 96.0% for adult cataracts. Additionally, an economic analysis was conducted to explore the cost-effectiveness of implementing ML to …
In Vivo Determination Of The Human Corneal Elastic Modulus Using Vibrational Optical Coherence Tomography, 2022 Thomas Jefferson University
In Vivo Determination Of The Human Corneal Elastic Modulus Using Vibrational Optical Coherence Tomography, Marcos A. Crespo, Hiram J. Jimenez, Tanmay Deshmukh, Jose S. Pulido, Ahmed Saeed Saad, Frederick H Silver, Dominick A Benedetto, Christopher J Rapuano, Zeba Syed
Wills Eye Hospital Papers
Purpose: To determine the in vivo elastic modulus of the human cornea using vibrational optical coherence tomography (VOCT).
Methods: Vibrational analysis coupled with optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to obtain the resonant frequency (RF) and elastic modulus of corneal structural components. VOCT corneal thickness values were measured using OCT images and correlated with corneal thickness determined with Pentacam (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany). Moduli were obtained at two locations: central cornea (CC) and inferior cornea (IC). Measurements were obtained with and without anesthetic eye drops to assess their effect on the modulus measurements.
Results: VOCT thickness values correlated positively (R2 = …
Functional Attenuation Coefficient Imaging Of Rod Inner Segment: The Shape Of Things To Come, 2022 WSU SOM
Functional Attenuation Coefficient Imaging Of Rod Inner Segment: The Shape Of Things To Come, Cole Goodman
Medical Student Research Symposium
Purpose: Dysfunction of mitochondria and their linked processes within the rod cell (i.e., the rod energy-landscape) are leading hypotheses for rod atrophy in retinitis pigmentosa (RP). It remains unclear how to translate the detailed information available from isolated cell / mitochondria studies into how mitochondria are functioning and responding to treatment in vivo. Here we present a new rod energy-landscape biomarker that can help address this problem using a common clinical tool.
Methods: In mice, OCT data was converted into attenuation coefficients (AC) to map the light-scattering of mitochondria within the inner segment (IS), which fills ~75% of its volume …
False-Positive Serum Igm/Igg To Sars-Cov-2 In A Rare Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Carcinoma With Ocular Metastasis: A Case Report, 2022 Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia; COVID-19 Task Force – Medical Staff Group of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine. Universitas Indonesia Hospital, Depok, Indonesia
False-Positive Serum Igm/Igg To Sars-Cov-2 In A Rare Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Carcinoma With Ocular Metastasis: A Case Report, Irandi P. Pratomo, Gatut Priyonugroho, Aris Ramdhani, Dian Zamroni, Thariqah Salamah, Yayi D.B Susanto, Ramdinal A. Zairinal, Annisa N. Witjaksono, Dita Aditianingsih, Jamal Zaini
The New Ropanasuri Journal of Surgery
The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic impacts pulmonary cancer management since it shares similar clinical features and creates fear among patients to visit hospitals due to possible in-hospital disease transmission. We report a patient who presented with a rare case of a pulmonary neuroendocrine tumor with an ocular involvement, which, unfortunately, experienced a delay in diagnostics. The first hospitalization was due to superior vena cava syndrome, pleural and pericardial effusions, and swollen left eye. The patient was diagnosed with pulmonary cancer, released after the symptoms were relieved, and expected to visit a referral hospital for further diagnostics and treatments. The …
Retained Lens Fragment Presenting 32 Years After Cataract Extraction, 2022 Thomas Jefferson University
Retained Lens Fragment Presenting 32 Years After Cataract Extraction, Thomas Tien, Marcos A Crespo, Tatyana Milman, Zeba Syed
Wills Eye Hospital Papers
Purpose: To report a patient with retained lens material presenting over three decades after initial cataract extraction with fluctuating corneal edema and intraocular inflammation.
Observations: A 66-year-old man presented with a first episode of decreased vision and photophobia 32 years after cataract extraction without intraocular lens implantation in the right eye. Slit lamp examination revealed a tan-colored oblong mass in the inferior angle, in addition to corneal edema and an anterior chamber reaction. The patient was aphakic with traumatic mydriasis, and accordingly it was noted that the mass shifted location between anterior and posterior chambers over subsequent evaluations. The anterior …
Combination Of Topical Tacrolimus, Antioxidants, And Probiotics In The Treatment Of Periorbital Vitiligo, 2022 Nazareth Hospital
Combination Of Topical Tacrolimus, Antioxidants, And Probiotics In The Treatment Of Periorbital Vitiligo, Ali Chaudhry
St. Chris Research Day
No abstract provided.
Insight, Volume 2, Issue 1, 2022, 2022 Thomas Jefferson University
Insight, Volume 2, Issue 1, 2022
10- A New Dimension to Offer (Ari August)
14- Neuro-Ophthalmology Subspecialty Highlight: with Dr. Sarah Thornton, Wills Eye Hospital (Joseph D. DeSimone)
19- A Day in the Life in the Wills Eye ER (Samara Hamou)
22- Origins of the Wills Eye Manual: Surviving the Test of Time (Jordan Safran)
26- GATT: A Micro-invasive Glaucoma Surgeryand a Big Step for Glaucoma Treatment (Moses Im)
31- Manual Small-Incision Cataract Surgery (Ankur Nahar)
34- A Look into Oculoplastics: RepairingLower Eyelids Defects From Carcinomas (Cameron Haghshenas)
38- Seeing Eye to Eye: An Overview of Strabismus and Approach to Treatment (Shreya Swaminathan)
Charles Bonnet Syndrome: A Case Report, 2022 Rowan University
Charles Bonnet Syndrome: A Case Report, Christian Scouarnec, Martin M. Forsberg
Stratford Campus Research Day
Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) involves nonthreatening hallucinations in patients who have no neurological and no psychological abnormalities but with significant visual impairment secondary to ocular disease, such as macular degeneration, cataracts and diabetic retinopathy. When a patient loses vision, their visual system doesn’t process new images. Without data coming through the eyes, the brain fills the void and makes up images or recalls stored images for you to see and this is what causes the hallucinations in CBS.
Many physicians are unaware of CBS and its prevalence, and with proper detection, physicians can help treat their patients with a frequently …
Identify Factors Associated With Excessive Corneal Haze Noted To Have Increased In Frequency Over The Last 6 Months Post Corneal Cross-Linking Procedure, 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital
Identify Factors Associated With Excessive Corneal Haze Noted To Have Increased In Frequency Over The Last 6 Months Post Corneal Cross-Linking Procedure, Sonal Dangda
Problem Statement/Question: Over the past 6 months, increased post-operative corneal haze and decreased vision was noted in patients following corneal crosslinking for keratoconus.
Background/Project Intent (Aim Statement): Identify factors that may contribute to increased postprocedure haze and analyze these factors for the total cohort of crosslinking patients since 2017. The goal of this study is to ensure that the increased haze is due to unique patient factors and not an external cause.
Methods (include PDSA cycles): Patients who underwent corneal cross-linking between January 2017 – December 2021 were identified. Retrospective data was collected at baseline visit, at one-month postcrosslinking and …
Diagnostic Accuracy Of Macular Thickness Map And Texture En Face Images For Detecting Glaucoma In Eyes With Axial High Myopia, 2022 University of California San Diego
Diagnostic Accuracy Of Macular Thickness Map And Texture En Face Images For Detecting Glaucoma In Eyes With Axial High Myopia, Christopher Bowd, Akram Belghith, Jasmin Rezapour, Mark Christopher, Leslie Hyman, Jost B Jonas, Robert N Weinreb, Linda M Zangwill
Wills Eye Hospital Papers
Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a novel optical coherence tomography texture-based en face image analysis (SALSA-Texture) that requires segmentation of only 1 retinal layer for glaucoma detection in eyes with axial high myopia, and to compare SALSA-Texture with standard macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness, macular retinal nerve fiber layer (mRNFL) thickness, and ganglion cell complex (GCC) thickness maps.
Design: Comparison of diagnostic approaches.
Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected from 92 eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and 44 healthy control eyes with axial high myopia (axial length >26 mm). Optical coherence tomography texture en face images, …
Nutrigenetic Reprogramming Of Oxidative Stress, 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Nutrigenetic Reprogramming Of Oxidative Stress, Joseph Ryu, Huzeifa Gulamhusein, Jin Kyun Oh, Joseph H. Chang, Jocelyn Chen, Stephen H. Tsang
School of Medicine Publications and Presentations
Retinal disorders such as retinitis pigmentosa, age-related retinal degeneration, oxygen-induced retinopathy, and ischemia-reperfusion injury cause debilitating and irreversible vision loss. While the exact mechanisms underlying these conditions remain unclear, there has been a growing body of evidence demonstrating the pathological contributions of oxidative stress across different cell types within the eye. Nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor (Nrf2), a transcriptional activator of antioxidative genes, and its regulator Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1) have emerged as promising therapeutic targets. The purpose of this review is to understand the protective role of the Nrf2-Keap1 pathway in different retinal tissues and shed light on the …
Interventions To Improve Adherence To Recommended Diabetic Retinopathy Screening In Adult Patients With Diabetes Mellitus: A Scoping Review, 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Interventions To Improve Adherence To Recommended Diabetic Retinopathy Screening In Adult Patients With Diabetes Mellitus: A Scoping Review, Clare Anderson Bsn, Rn, Dnp, Fnp, Sarah May Bsn, Rn, Dnp, Fnp, Diana Dedmon Dnp, Aprn, Fnp-Bc
Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects
Purpose/Background Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of blindness in adults. Current guidelines recommend that all patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have a DR screening (DRS) upon diagnosis of T2DM and then annually, but the adherence rate is only approximately 60%. This scoping review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of primary care providers (PCPs) employing strategies to increase compliance with annual DRS among adult patients with T2DM.
Methods Between September 2021 and January 2022, a literature review was performed to collect studies evaluating interventions to increase adherence to DRS. Individual searches of PubMed, SCOPUS, and CINAHL were …
Ocular Adnexal Metastases From Renal Cell Carcinoma: An Update And Comprehensive Literature Review, 2022 Department of Pathology, Wills Eye Hospital, Sidney Kimmel Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Ocular Adnexal Metastases From Renal Cell Carcinoma: An Update And Comprehensive Literature Review, Tejal Magan, Tejus Pradeep, Madalina Tuluc, Jurij R. Bilyk, Tatyana Milman
Wills Eye Hospital Papers
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review the clinical presentation, systemic work-up, and outcomes of all previously reported ocular adnexal (OA) metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: This was a literature review. PubMed and Google Scholar databases were searched for all well-documented cases of OA metastases from RCC. RESULTS: Final analysis identified 44 patients with either biopsy-confirmed (41/44, 93%) or treatment response-documented (3/44, 6%) OA metastases from RCC. Thirty-four (77%) patients were male. The median age was 60 years (mean: 60, range: 22-87 years). The most common presenting signs were proptosis (19/44, 43%) and OA mass (14/44, …
Ocular Adnexal Lymphoma: A Single-Institution Retrospective Study, 2022 Department of Pathology, Wills Eye Hospital, Sidney Kimmel Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, United States
Ocular Adnexal Lymphoma: A Single-Institution Retrospective Study, César A. Fernández, Roger K. Henry, Carol L. Shields, Jurij R. Bilyk, Sara E. Lally, Ralph C. Eagle, Tatyana Milman
Wills Eye Hospital Papers
PURPOSE: To characterize demographic, clinical, and histopathologic features of ocular adnexal lymphoma (OAL) at a single institution. METHODS: Retrospective review of all patients with pathologic diagnosis of OAL between 2015 and 2020. RESULTS: There were 133 patients with OAL, with a median age of 65 years (range 23-97) and a slight female predominance (male: female = 1:1.46), (n = 79, 59%). The majority of tumors were non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphomas (n = 131, 99%), most frequently Extranodal Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma (EMZL, n = 93, 70%), followed by follicular lymphoma (n = 21, 16%), chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (n = …