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Obstetrics and Gynecology Commons

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Stratification Of Ovarian Tumor Pathology By Expression Of Programmed Cell Death-1 (Pd-1) And Pd-Ligand- 1 (Pd-L1) In Ovarian Cancer, Maureen L. Drakes, Swati Mehrotra, Monica Aldulescu, Ronald K. Potkul, Yueying Liu, Anne Grisoli, Cara Joyce, Timothy O'Brien, M. Sharon Stack, Patrick J. Stiff 2018 Loyola University Chicago

Stratification Of Ovarian Tumor Pathology By Expression Of Programmed Cell Death-1 (Pd-1) And Pd-Ligand- 1 (Pd-L1) In Ovarian Cancer, Maureen L. Drakes, Swati Mehrotra, Monica Aldulescu, Ronald K. Potkul, Yueying Liu, Anne Grisoli, Cara Joyce, Timothy O'Brien, M. Sharon Stack, Patrick J. Stiff

Mathematics and Statistics: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Background

Ovarian cancer is the major cause of death among gynecologic cancers with 75% of patients diagnosed with advanced disease, and only 20% of these patients having a survival duration of five years. Treatments blocking immune checkpoint molecules, programmed cell death (PD-1) or its ligand PD-ligand- I (PD-L1) have produced a beneficial and prolonged effect in a subgroup of these patients. However, there is debate in the literature concerning the prognostic value of the expression of these molecules in tumors, with immunotherapy responsiveness, and survival.

We evaluated the immune landscape of the ovarian tumor microenvironment of patients, by measuring the ...


Banning Abortion In Cases Of Down Syndrome: Important Lessons For Advances In Genetic Diagnosis, Rebecca Reingold, Lawrence O. Gostin 2018 Georgetown University Law Center

Banning Abortion In Cases Of Down Syndrome: Important Lessons For Advances In Genetic Diagnosis, Rebecca Reingold, Lawrence O. Gostin

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

In December 2017, Ohio passed into law legislation that prohibited physicians from performing abortions if the pregnant woman’s decision was influenced by her belief that the fetus has Down syndrome. Physicians who perform abortions in these cases would face fourth-degree felony charges and revocation of their medical license. No other state bans abortion specifically for Down syndrome, but several ban abortions in cases of genetic diseases. Lower courts have struck down most such laws, holding they violate the constitutional rights of women. In February 2018, a federal district court judge blocked enforcement of Ohio’s law pending a final ...


Successful Use Of Balloon Tamponade In The Management Of Postpartum Hemorrhage In A Case Of Bicornuate Uterus, Erum Saleem, Ayesha Basharat 2018 Aga Khan University

Successful Use Of Balloon Tamponade In The Management Of Postpartum Hemorrhage In A Case Of Bicornuate Uterus, Erum Saleem, Ayesha Basharat

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Worldwide 50%–70% of all cases of maternal morbidity have been attributed to postpartum hemorrhage. This report discusses a case of bicornuate uterus in a term pregnancy. The delivery was by cesarean section, which was followed by massive postpartum hemorrhage, managed successfully with balloon tamponade. This is the second reported case of successful management of post partum hemorrhage in a bicornuate uterus with balloon tamponade. A 22-year-old primigravida at 39 weeks of gestational age presented with vaginal leaking of clear fluid. Cesarean section was done due to meconium stained liquor in early labor; with an incidental finding of bicornuate uterus ...


Regular Exercise Throughout Pregnancy And Maternal Recovery Postpartum, Rachel Jenkins 2018 Arcadia University

Regular Exercise Throughout Pregnancy And Maternal Recovery Postpartum, Rachel Jenkins

Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Abstract

Introduction: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that “women with uncomplicated pregnancies should be encouraged to engage in aerobic and strength-conditioning exercises before, during, and after pregnancy.”1 Many pregnant mothers seek guidance regarding exercise regimens’ safety and efficacy. This paper is a systematic review of the current literature on the topic of exercise regimens performed throughout pregnancy and maternal postpartum recovery.

Purpose: To determine if following the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommendation to engage in regular aerobic and strength-conditioning exercises throughout pregnancy contributes to easier deliveries as measured by the number of caesarean sections ...


Stress Urinary Incontinence In Collegiate Female Athletes: Prevalence And Impact, Marie Bouchard 2018 The University of San Francisco

Stress Urinary Incontinence In Collegiate Female Athletes: Prevalence And Impact, Marie Bouchard

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Introduction, definition: Urinary incontinence is the involuntary leaking of urine (a few drops to a few milliliters). It can happen while exercising with no urge to urinate (stress urinary incontinence), with a sudden urge to urinate (overactive bladder or urgency urinary incontinence), or a combination of the two (mixed urinary incontinence). This issue is very common among female athletes. However, because of the reluctance to discuss this problem, it remains underdiagnosed and undertreated.

Methods:An anonymous and confidential survey was distributed to the 90 University of San Francisco female student athletes from seven different varsity sports in December 2017 ...


Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine In Pregnancy, Xinhua Chen MD, MSCE, Maria Nguyen DO, Sophia Vogiatzidakis DO 2018 Rowan University SOM

Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine In Pregnancy, Xinhua Chen Md, Msce, Maria Nguyen Do, Sophia Vogiatzidakis Do

Stratford Campus Research Day

Women experience physiologic and structural changes during pregnancy. Osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) involves the examination of the whole patient, including body, mind, and spirit. This involves treatment of any stresses placed on the body, including the structural changes in the maternal body. Clinical studies thus far on OMM in pregnancy have shown when used during pregnancy, it improves musculoskeletal pain such as low back pain, and may positively affect some labor and delivery outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of OMM during pregnancy in reducing the rate of cesarean section and several other labor and ...


A Rare But Life Threatening Case Of Labile Blood Pressures In Pregnancy, Kelsey Carrio MD, Aarti Aggarwal MD, Susan McGroarty PhD 2018 Rowan University SOM

A Rare But Life Threatening Case Of Labile Blood Pressures In Pregnancy, Kelsey Carrio Md, Aarti Aggarwal Md, Susan Mcgroarty Phd

Stratford Campus Research Day

Pheochromocytoma is a rare but life threatening adrenal secreting tumor. The infrequency with which it is encountered makes pheochromocytoma, especially in pregnancy, a formidable diagnostic challenge.

Although a pheochromocytoma is rare, it is good to keep it in differential diagnosis as a possible cause of labile BP with headaches and significant orthostatic BP. It is critical to recognize this condition to institute an appropriate therapy & surgical intervention to prevent mortality.


Intimate Partner Violence, Forced First Sex And Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes In A Sample Of Zimbabwean Women Accessing Maternal And Child Health Care, Simukai Shamu, Stephen Munjanja, Christina Zarowsky, Patience Shamu, Marleen Temmerman, Naeemah Abrahams 2018 University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg

Intimate Partner Violence, Forced First Sex And Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes In A Sample Of Zimbabwean Women Accessing Maternal And Child Health Care, Simukai Shamu, Stephen Munjanja, Christina Zarowsky, Patience Shamu, Marleen Temmerman, Naeemah Abrahams

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East Africa

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) remains a serious problem with a wide range of health consequences including poor maternal and newborn health outcomes. We assessed the relationship between IPV, forced first sex (FFS) and maternal and newborn health outcomes.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted with 2042 women aged 15–49 years attending postnatal care at six clinics in Harare, Zimbabwe, 2011. Women were interviewed on IPV while maternal and newborn health data were abstracted from clinic records. We conducted logistic regression models to assess the relationship between forced first sex (FFS), IPV (lifetime, in the last 12 months ...


Caesarean Section Rate Amongst Obstetricians At A Tertiary-Care Hospital Of Karachi, Iffat Ahmed, Dureshahwar Kanwar, Munazza Akhtar, Azra Amerjee 2018 Aga Khan University

Caesarean Section Rate Amongst Obstetricians At A Tertiary-Care Hospital Of Karachi, Iffat Ahmed, Dureshahwar Kanwar, Munazza Akhtar, Azra Amerjee

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Objective: To analyze the Caesarean Section (CS) rate among different groups of consultants dealing with Nulliparous Term Singleton pregnancy with Vertex (NTSV) presentation delivering at a tertiary care hospital of Karachi over four months.
Methods: This is a secondary analysis of a retrospective data that analyzed factors affecting the CS-rate of NTSV patients. Patients with CS (n=106) were taken as cases and vaginal deliveries (n=106) as controls. This was an unmatched retrospective case-control study.
Results: Mean age of patients was 26.6(SD: 4.2) years. Mean gestational-age was 38.6(SD: 1.0) weeks. Likelihood of CS ...


How Would Mary Poppins Fare In Labour? Practically Perfect? Unlikely., Lucy Bolger, Richard Sweeney, Michael Foley, Rhona Mahony 2018 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

How Would Mary Poppins Fare In Labour? Practically Perfect? Unlikely., Lucy Bolger, Richard Sweeney, Michael Foley, Rhona Mahony

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Articles

Introduction Unrealistic expectations of labour in first time mothers can present challenges to physicians and midwives. This study calculated the percentage of “practically perfect” births in nulliparous women, defined as a labour without intervention, an intact perineum and a positive neonatal outcome.Methods: This was a retrospective study of the nulliparous deliveries that occurred in the National Maternity Hospital over two years (2014/2015). To extract the perfect births, we excluded deliveries <37 >weeks, induction/pre labour Caesarean Section (CS), Artificial Rupture of Membranes (ARM), oxytocin, fetal blood sample, emergency CS/instrumental deliveries, perineal damage and suboptimal Apgar scores.

Results: 0 ...


Book Review: Surrogacy: A Human Rights Violation By Renate Klein, Sheela Saravanan 2018 Heidelberg University

Book Review: Surrogacy: A Human Rights Violation By Renate Klein, Sheela Saravanan

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Extracellular Vesicle Rnas Reflect Placenta Dysfunction And Are A Biomarker Source For Preterm Labour., Shannon Fallen, David Baxter, Xiaogang Wu, Taek-Kyun Kim, Oksana Shynlova, Min Young Lee, Kelsey Scherler, Stephen Lye, Leroy Hood, Kai Wang 2018 Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA, USA

Extracellular Vesicle Rnas Reflect Placenta Dysfunction And Are A Biomarker Source For Preterm Labour., Shannon Fallen, David Baxter, Xiaogang Wu, Taek-Kyun Kim, Oksana Shynlova, Min Young Lee, Kelsey Scherler, Stephen Lye, Leroy Hood, Kai Wang

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Preterm birth (PTB) can lead to lifelong complications and challenges. Identifying and monitoring molecular signals in easily accessible biological samples that can diagnose or predict the risk of preterm labour (PTL) in pregnant women will reduce or prevent PTBs. A number of studies identified putative biomarkers for PTL including protein, miRNA and hormones from various body fluids. However, biomarkers identified from these studies usually lack consistency and reproducibility. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) in circulation have gained significant interest in recent years as these vesicles may be involved in cell-cell communication. We have used an improved small RNA library construction protocol and ...


The Effect Of Hepatitis C On Maternal Bile Acid Level And The Fetal Left Ventricular Tei Index, Kelly Cummings, Jesse Cottrell, Songthip Ounpraseuth, Ryan Stone, David G. Chaffin, Everett Magann 2018 Marshall University

The Effect Of Hepatitis C On Maternal Bile Acid Level And The Fetal Left Ventricular Tei Index, Kelly Cummings, Jesse Cottrell, Songthip Ounpraseuth, Ryan Stone, David G. Chaffin, Everett Magann

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Hepatitis C (HCV) is a common form of liver disease encountered in pregnancy. The purpose of this study is to evaluate if hepatitis C is associated with elevated maternal serum bile acids and abnormal fetal cardiac function measured by the left ventricular Tei index in the absence of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. This is a prospective cohort study on pregnant women with hepatitis C seen through Marshall University’s high-risk obstetrics clinic from 2013 to 2014. Women with hepatitis C had a laboratory evaluation and an ultrasound on the fetus to calculate the left ventricular Tei index. Demographic information and ...


The Needs Of Women Treated For Ovarian Cancer: Results From A #Gyncsm Twitter Chat, Teresa Hagan Thomas, Karin Nauth-Shelley, Michael A. Thompson, Deanna J. Attai, Matthew S. Katz, David Graham, Dee Sparacio, Christina Lizaso, Audun Utengen, Don S. Dizon 2018 University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing

The Needs Of Women Treated For Ovarian Cancer: Results From A #Gyncsm Twitter Chat, Teresa Hagan Thomas, Karin Nauth-Shelley, Michael A. Thompson, Deanna J. Attai, Matthew S. Katz, David Graham, Dee Sparacio, Christina Lizaso, Audun Utengen, Don S. Dizon

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Ovarian cancer is the most fatal of all gynecologic cancers, with a high relapse rate regardless of stage. Women treated for ovarian cancer, therefore, likely have supportive care needs that extend well beyond the time frame of first-line therapy. Unfortunately, there is minimal data describing these needs. The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand the supportive care needs of women with ovarian care at the end of treatment.

Methods: To better understand the issues faced by women with ovarian cancer, we conducted a public Twitter chat in collaboration with gynecologic cancer social media (#gyncsm). Both quantitative and ...


Integration Of Maternal Postpartum Services In Maternal And Child Health Services In Kaya Health District (Burkina Faso): An Intervention Time Trend Analysis, Danielle Yugbaré Belemsaga, Anne Goujon, Halima Tougri, Abou Coulibaly, Olivier Degomme, Els Duysburgh, Marleen Temmerman, Seni Kouanda 2018 Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, Ouagadougou

Integration Of Maternal Postpartum Services In Maternal And Child Health Services In Kaya Health District (Burkina Faso): An Intervention Time Trend Analysis, Danielle Yugbaré Belemsaga, Anne Goujon, Halima Tougri, Abou Coulibaly, Olivier Degomme, Els Duysburgh, Marleen Temmerman, Seni Kouanda

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East Africa

Background: The Missed Opportunities in Maternal and Infant Health (MOMI) project aimed at reducing maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity within the year after childbirth in four sub-Saharan African countries. MOMI interventions including the integration of maternal and infant services in the postpartum (PP) period at day 6–10, week 6–8, and month 9 were implemented from September 2013 to December 2015. We hereby assess the effect of integrating maternal postpartum care (PPC) in infant immunization services in Kaya health district in Burkina Faso.

Methods: We apply a longitudinal mixed method on monthly monitoring data collected from 12 months ...


The Effectiveness Of A "Patient Discharge Information" Booklet In Patient Education Program In Saudi Arabia, Amani Al Rebeh 2018 University of Northern Iowa

The Effectiveness Of A "Patient Discharge Information" Booklet In Patient Education Program In Saudi Arabia, Amani Al Rebeh

Annual Graduate Student Symposium

The purpose of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of the Patient Discharge Information (PDI) booklet on the knowledge, attitude, and behaviors of participants who were cesarean patients in local hospitals in Saudi Arabia. This study investigated the following two research questions: (1) does the participant have information, resources, and understand basic personal health information regarding her health conditions including diagnosis, treatment, self-care management, medication instructions, normal expected symptoms, dangerous signs and what to do, as well as lifestyle changes?; and (2) how does patient discharge information provided by the hospital make a difference in participants’ knowledge, attitude, and ...


Involuntary Sterilization Among Hiv-Positive Garifuna Women From Honduras Seeking Asylum In The United States: Two Case Reports, Holly G. Atkinson, Deborah Ottenheimer 2018 CUNY City College

Involuntary Sterilization Among Hiv-Positive Garifuna Women From Honduras Seeking Asylum In The United States: Two Case Reports, Holly G. Atkinson, Deborah Ottenheimer

Publications and Research

Voluntary sterilization is one of the most widely used forms of contraception by women worldwide; however, involuntary sterilization is considered a violation of multiple human rights and grounds for asylum in the United States. Women have been disproportionately affected by this practice. We report two cases of involuntary sterilization in HIV-positive Garifuna women from Honduras who sought asylum in America and were medically evaluated at the request of their attorneys. Key lessons can be drawn from these cases with regard to the importance of medical evaluations in establishing persecution. These include the need for a detailed account of the events ...


(Video) Outreach Services To Treat Women Living With Obstetric Fistula: A Systematic Review, Pauline Pamela Pratt, Rashida Muhammad 2018 George Washington University

(Video) Outreach Services To Treat Women Living With Obstetric Fistula: A Systematic Review, Pauline Pamela Pratt, Rashida Muhammad

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background: Obstetric fistula is a condition experienced by women who because of prolonged labor become incontinent forming one or more holes in between the rectum and the vagina or the vagina and the bladder (Heller, A., 2017). The hole causes uncontrollable stool and urine to leak from the woman. For most women with obstetric fistula, the duration of the labor leading to fistula varied between 5 hours and 9 days, averaging 3.0 days long (Heller, A., 2017). Women who suffer from this from this condition are do not have access to quality medical care. While prevention is the priority ...


Stress Of Infertility: Can The Couple Cope?, Faiza Alam, Taseer Ahmed Khan, Rehana Rehman 2018 Karachi University

Stress Of Infertility: Can The Couple Cope?, Faiza Alam, Taseer Ahmed Khan, Rehana Rehman

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

No abstract provided.


Comparison Of Serum And Cervical Cytokine Levels Throughout Pregnancy Between Preterm And Term Births, Kristin Ashford, Niraj R. Chavan, Amanda T. Wiggins, Molly Malany Sayre, Andrea McCubbin, Agatha S. Critchfield, John O'Brien 2018 University of Kentucky

Comparison Of Serum And Cervical Cytokine Levels Throughout Pregnancy Between Preterm And Term Births, Kristin Ashford, Niraj R. Chavan, Amanda T. Wiggins, Molly Malany Sayre, Andrea Mccubbin, Agatha S. Critchfield, John O'Brien

Nursing Faculty Publications

Objective To assess differences in cytokine levels in cervicovaginal fluid (CVF) and serum across trimesters between women with preterm births (PTBs) and full-term births.

Study Design This multicenter study enrolled 302 women with a singleton gestation. CVF and serum cytokines, interleukin 1α (IL-1α), IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8, were measured. Women with at least one cytokine assessment and noted PTB status in their medical record were retained in the study (N = 272). Data were analyzed using mixed modeling (main effects of PTBs and time/trimester).

Results For the ...


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