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Comparative Study Between Three-Dimensional Transvaginal Ultrasonography And Hysteroscopy In The Diagnosis Of Uterine Cavity Abnormalities In Infertile Women, Ahmed Soliman Hassan Zaki, Ismail Mohmed Abd-El Aziem Mira, Abd El-Monsef Abd El-Hamid Sedek 2024 Assist, Lecturer of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Al-Azhar University Faculty of Medicine

Comparative Study Between Three-Dimensional Transvaginal Ultrasonography And Hysteroscopy In The Diagnosis Of Uterine Cavity Abnormalities In Infertile Women, Ahmed Soliman Hassan Zaki, Ismail Mohmed Abd-El Aziem Mira, Abd El-Monsef Abd El-Hamid Sedek

Al-Azhar International Medical Journal

Background: The uterus of 34%-62% of infertile women has abnormalities. Clinical hysterosalpingography (HSG), saline infusion sonohysterography (saline sonohysterography [SIS]), transvaginal sonography (TVS) or two-dimensional (2D) TVS, diagnostic hysteroscopy, three-dimensional TVS (3D TVS), and even magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have all been used to evaluate the uterine cavity. However, diagnostic hysteroscopy has been the standard for examining uterine diseases in cases of infertility for several decades. Aim and objectives: compare the diagnostic accuracy of three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasonography and hysteroscopy in detecting intrauterine cavitary lesions or abnormalities in infertile women. Subjects and methods: This cross-sectional observational study compared 150 women who visited …


Evaluation Of Dual Trigger Versus Higher Dose Hcg Trigger In Antagonist Protocol For Patients With Low Number Of Oocytes Retrieved Per Number Of Follicles, Gamal Ibrahim Abou El Serour, Mohamed Khaled Mostafa, Mohamed Shehata Abdel All, Bahy Abd El Hamid Hussein Zaki 2024 Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Al- Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Evaluation Of Dual Trigger Versus Higher Dose Hcg Trigger In Antagonist Protocol For Patients With Low Number Of Oocytes Retrieved Per Number Of Follicles, Gamal Ibrahim Abou El Serour, Mohamed Khaled Mostafa, Mohamed Shehata Abdel All, Bahy Abd El Hamid Hussein Zaki

Al-Azhar International Medical Journal

Background: Controlled ovarian hyper stimulation is a critical step in the process of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer because it ensures the absorption of a large number of oocytes that are of sufficient quality to be fertilized.This condition's source, mechanism, and/or pathophysiology are still unknown, unpredictable, and unpreventable, despite the years of clinical experience that have been accumulated. Aim and objectives: To assess the efficiency of utilizing a dual trigger as opposed to a higher dosage of hCG as a trigger in an antagonist protocol for the purpose of improving the number of up taken eggs per number of …


Endoscopic Lumbar Stenosis Decompression Through Uniportal Bilateral Approach, Yosouf Barakat, Magdy Asaad El-Hawary, Usama Mohamed El Shokhaiby, Ahmed Kamal Abdel-Aaty Abdou 2024 Professor of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Endoscopic Lumbar Stenosis Decompression Through Uniportal Bilateral Approach, Yosouf Barakat, Magdy Asaad El-Hawary, Usama Mohamed El Shokhaiby, Ahmed Kamal Abdel-Aaty Abdou

Al-Azhar International Medical Journal

Background: Percutaneous endoscopic stenosis lumbar decompression (PESLD) is regarded as a noteworthy therapeutic option for lumber spinal stenosis (LSS), particularly on the contralateral side, in a satisfactory manner. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and efficiency of PESLD of LSS through a uniportal-contralateral approach. Subjective: This was a prospective observational study. The patients were admitted to the Neurosurgery Department, Damanhour Educational Hospital, El-Behira Governorate, and Al Hussain Hospital Al Azhar University in Cairo. All patients underwent PESLD through a uniportal-contralateral approach.. Results: The pre-operative visual analogue scale (VAS) was 7.3 ± 0.9 and decreased significantly post-operative to 2.4±1.0. Intraoperative data showed …


A Hanging Case Or A Hit And Run Accident, Mohamed M. Hussein, Ashraf I. Hassan 2024 Lecturer of Forensic Medicine and clinical Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine - Al Azhar University (Assiut).

A Hanging Case Or A Hit And Run Accident, Mohamed M. Hussein, Ashraf I. Hassan

Al-Azhar International Medical Journal

When the victim's body was observed to be partially or totally hanged, a death by hanging occurred. The existence of both general and local indicators of hanging together with circumstantial evidence is typically used to diagnose the cause. After ruling out the presence of other important suspicious signs, such as those suggesting struggle, and when the victim is toxicologically free, the manner of death is tends to be suicidal. Circumstances also, should exclude homicide and accidental death. We present a man in the third decade of life, found on a road with head trauma but with signs of hanging including …


A Comparative Study Between Anterior Tunnel And Anterior Release Techniques In The Management Of Anterior Tympanic Membrane Perforation, Atef Abdullah El Maraghy, Yehia Mohamed Dawood, Abdulrahman Mohamed Ali Abdallah 2024 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Al–Azhar University.

A Comparative Study Between Anterior Tunnel And Anterior Release Techniques In The Management Of Anterior Tympanic Membrane Perforation, Atef Abdullah El Maraghy, Yehia Mohamed Dawood, Abdulrahman Mohamed Ali Abdallah

Al-Azhar International Medical Journal

Introduction: When the perforation in the tympanic membrane is anteriorly located with a thin anterior rim, stabilizing the graft using the traditional underlay tympanoplasty approach may be challenging. It was attempted to solve this issue using tympanoplasty with anterior tunneling or anterior releasing. Aim and Objectives: This study aims to compare the efficiency of anterior tunnel and anterior release techniques in the management of anterior tympanic membrane perforation. Patients and Methods: A one-year prospective single blinded study with three-months follow-up was conducted on 60 patients divided into two groups: tympanoplasty with tunneling (Group A) and release (Group B) tympanoplasty for …


Characteristics Of Patients Newly Diagnosed With Diabetes Mellitus After Coronavirus Disease-19 (Covid-19), Alboraie Mohamed Aly, Megahed Mohamed Rabie, Abohasan Ahmed Mohamed, Abdelraouf Mahmoud Ezzat, Badr Gamal Aly 2024 Department of internal medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt,

Characteristics Of Patients Newly Diagnosed With Diabetes Mellitus After Coronavirus Disease-19 (Covid-19), Alboraie Mohamed Aly, Megahed Mohamed Rabie, Abohasan Ahmed Mohamed, Abdelraouf Mahmoud Ezzat, Badr Gamal Aly

Al-Azhar International Medical Journal

Background: At this moment, there is a greater than ever level of concern over the 2019 (COVID-19) coronavirus illness pandemic and its related morbidities. Aim and objectives: Case series with systematic review of the frequency of newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus (DM) among COVID-19 patients, its varied symptoms, and glycemic control in diabetic patients. Patients and methodology: 100 patients altogether were split into two groups for this cross-sectional study. Every examination done at the time of diagnosis and two months afterwards. They were evacuated from Al-Hussein University Hospital between January and July 2022. Results: Our findings showed that the HbA1C levels …


Comparative Study Between Cardiac Mri And Echocardiography In Post-Operative Evaluation Of Fallot Tetralogy, Tarek Mohamed Abdel Hamid El-Zayyat, Hytham Mohamed Mahmoud Nafady, Ahmed Abd Elazeem Mohamed Youseif 2024 Professor of Radio diagnosis, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Comparative Study Between Cardiac Mri And Echocardiography In Post-Operative Evaluation Of Fallot Tetralogy, Tarek Mohamed Abdel Hamid El-Zayyat, Hytham Mohamed Mahmoud Nafady, Ahmed Abd Elazeem Mohamed Youseif

Al-Azhar International Medical Journal

Background: Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) represents the prevailing form of cyanotic congenital cardiac disease. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) plays a crucial role in monitoring adult patients with congenital heart disease. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is capable of providing the majority of the requisite data for sequential monitoring in patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Aim of the work: To investigate the respective contributions of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and echocardiography in the evaluation of post-operative Fallot tetralogy, using a comparative analysis. Methodology: This study will be carried out on 30 cases of patients referred to the Heart Institute diagnosed by …


Cervical Cancer Education & Prevention For Women In The Philippines, Kate Isabel Juanillo 2024 Dominican University of California

Cervical Cancer Education & Prevention For Women In The Philippines, Kate Isabel Juanillo

Nursing | Senior Theses

Although cervical cancer is preventable, it continues to pose a significant health concern in the Philippines as evidenced by high cervical cancer diagnosis rates. The purpose of this quantitative study is to investigate low cervical cancer screening rates and the effectiveness of educational interventions in increasing awareness and screening rates. A literature review will examine topics such as low cervical cancer screening rates, cervical cancer screening methods, and barriers. This research proposal involves a quasi-experimental study that investigates education as an intervention for increasing cervical cancer awareness and cervical cancer screening rates. Fifty Filipino women will be randomly assigned to …


Intertwin Membrane Separation In Monochorionic- Diamniotic Twins, Fran Franceschini Lopez, N Moreno, Henry Garcia, Manuel Rivera-Alsina 2024 HCA Healthcare

Intertwin Membrane Separation In Monochorionic- Diamniotic Twins, Fran Franceschini Lopez, N Moreno, Henry Garcia, Manuel Rivera-Alsina

Central & West Texas Research Day 2024

No abstract provided.


Post-Operative Infection Following Abdominal Hysterectomy With Or Without Surgical Drains, Dylan Gallegos, Dominique Barnes 2024 HCA Healthcare

Post-Operative Infection Following Abdominal Hysterectomy With Or Without Surgical Drains, Dylan Gallegos, Dominique Barnes

Central & West Texas Research Day 2024

No abstract provided.


Plasma Cell Rich Lymphoid Neoplasm In An Endocervical Polyp Of The Uterine Cervix In A Perimenopausal 52-Year-Old Woman, Anjali Patel, Jacqueline Haas, Angela Kueck 2024 HCA Healthcare

Plasma Cell Rich Lymphoid Neoplasm In An Endocervical Polyp Of The Uterine Cervix In A Perimenopausal 52-Year-Old Woman, Anjali Patel, Jacqueline Haas, Angela Kueck

Central & West Texas Research Day 2024

No abstract provided.


The Education Prescription: Exploring The Potential Of Patient Education To Reduce Mental Health Issues In Hormonal Contraceptive Users, Maria Abraham 2024 Dominican University of California

The Education Prescription: Exploring The Potential Of Patient Education To Reduce Mental Health Issues In Hormonal Contraceptive Users, Maria Abraham

Nursing | Senior Theses

The many birth control options available impact a woman’s life, as hormonal contraceptives are commonly used but often misunderstood. These contraceptives, which contain progestin only, or estrogen and progestin combined, can come in various forms such as pills, implants, IUDs, injections, the vaginal ring, and skin patches. They offer benefits such as reduced menstrual cramps and ectopic pregnancy risk. However, they may lead to adverse side effects which can include increased blood pressure, nausea, headaches, breakthrough bleeding, and a higher risk of blood clots, with research indicating a potential link between oral contraceptive use and a decline in the user’s …


Effect Of Low-Flux Versus High-Flux Dialyzers On Interleukin 6 (Il-6) Level In Patients Undergoing Maintenance Haemodialysis, Hussein Salem Farahat Salem, Mohamed Nabil Raafat, Ismail Mohamed El Mancy, Ibrahim Metwaly Bayomi 2024 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Al- Azhar University

Effect Of Low-Flux Versus High-Flux Dialyzers On Interleukin 6 (Il-6) Level In Patients Undergoing Maintenance Haemodialysis, Hussein Salem Farahat Salem, Mohamed Nabil Raafat, Ismail Mohamed El Mancy, Ibrahim Metwaly Bayomi

Al-Azhar International Medical Journal

Background: One of the leading causes of death and suffering in the 21st century is chronic kidney disease (CKD). Due to the rise in risk factors like obesity and diabetes, as well as the rising number of people affected with CKD, our study aimed to study the effect of using low-flux in comparison to high-flux dialyzers on serum IL-6 levels in patients undergoing regular hemodialysis (HD).

Patients and Methods: Our study was a randomized controlled trial. Sixty patients were enrolled: 20 CKD patients, 20 dialysis patients using low- flux, and 20 patients using high-flux polysulfone dialyzers. Dialysis sessions were four …


Obstetrics Emergency Labor And Delivery Case Simulations With Normal Vaginal Delivery Demonstration: A Hands-On Simulation For Clerkship Students, Emily A. Young, William A. Winter, Robyn N. D'Agostino, Rose A. Maxwell, Sheela Barhan, Marilyn Kindig 2024 Wright State University

Obstetrics Emergency Labor And Delivery Case Simulations With Normal Vaginal Delivery Demonstration: A Hands-On Simulation For Clerkship Students, Emily A. Young, William A. Winter, Robyn N. D'Agostino, Rose A. Maxwell, Sheela Barhan, Marilyn Kindig

Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Publications

Introduction: Simulation is rarely used for medical student education in the field of obstetrics. This method is an effective model of learning for topics that are encountered in clinical situations and for topics that pose significant risk to patients when an untrained individual is involved. Methods: A 2-hour obstetric delivery simulation session was developed and incorporated into the third-year obstetrics and gynecology clerkship rotation at Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine. Medical students completed self-guided content reviews with resources provided prior to the session. During the session, each medical student conducted a normal vaginal delivery and one of the …


Evaluation Of Yolk Sac Diameter, Gestational Sac Diameter, Embryonic Heart Rate As Prognostic Factor Of 1st Trimester Outcome, Fahd Abdelal Al Omda, Mohamed Ibrahim Mohamed, AbdelRahman Ali Abdallh Okasha 2024 Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine for Boys, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Evaluation Of Yolk Sac Diameter, Gestational Sac Diameter, Embryonic Heart Rate As Prognostic Factor Of 1st Trimester Outcome, Fahd Abdelal Al Omda, Mohamed Ibrahim Mohamed, Abdelrahman Ali Abdallh Okasha

Al-Azhar International Medical Journal

Background: Ultrasound at 5 weeks gestation reveals the yolk sac's hypoechoic centre and echogenic rim. Between 8 and 11 weeks of pregnancy, it expands and then disappears. Larger yolk sacs cause more miscarriages. Normal yolk sacs reduce first-trimester complications. A normal yolk sac predicts a 94% typical result. By 5 weeks, the embryonic heartbeat is visible. The fetal heart rate rose from 118 to 167 beats per minute between 6 and 10 weeks. An embryonic heart rate (EHR) of 100 BPM is abnormal and related to an 83.3% loss rate early in pregnancy (6-9 weeks). Aim: Does Assessment of gestational …


Classical Antagonist Protocol In Comparison With Agonist Stop Protocol In Pcos Women Undergoing Icsi Trial: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Mohamed Sameeh Kamal Mohamed, Hassan Ahmed Abdrbo, Mohamed Mohamed Farahat 2024 M.B.B.Ch., MSc. 2007 Assuit, Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist, Assuit University Hospital

Classical Antagonist Protocol In Comparison With Agonist Stop Protocol In Pcos Women Undergoing Icsi Trial: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Mohamed Sameeh Kamal Mohamed, Hassan Ahmed Abdrbo, Mohamed Mohamed Farahat

Al-Azhar International Medical Journal

Background and aim: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is distinguished by hyperandrogenism, oligomenorrhea, and a cystic ovarian morphology. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is more likely to occur in women with PCOS who undergo IVF. The utilization of hCG to begin the ovum's ultimate maturation is a significant mechanism in OHSS . The ESHRE guidelines recommend that in women with PCOS undergoing ICSI/IVF treatment the gonadotrophine releasing hormone antagonist protocol is optimal or superior to gonadotrophin releasing agonist long protocol. In this study we aimed to Compare pregnancy rate between classical (standard) antagonist protocol to agonist stop/antagonist protocol in women with PCOS …


Topical 15% Lactic Acid Solution Versus Topical Betamethasone Valerate Lotion In Treatment Of Multiple Patchy Alopecia Aerate., Ramy Taher Mohamed Aboelghait, Amr Mohamed Zaki, Emad Mahmoud El Rewiny 2024 Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Topical 15% Lactic Acid Solution Versus Topical Betamethasone Valerate Lotion In Treatment Of Multiple Patchy Alopecia Aerate., Ramy Taher Mohamed Aboelghait, Amr Mohamed Zaki, Emad Mahmoud El Rewiny

Al-Azhar International Medical Journal

Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is a kind of alopecia that affects the retinal pigment epithelium, nails, and hair follicles sporadically. It is a kind of hair loss that doesn't leave scars and often manifests as rounded patches. Alopecia areata may be treated with a variety of methods, including topical, systemic, and injectable ones. Aim of the work: The major aim of this research is to evaluate the efficacy of topical lactic acid 15% solution versus topical betamethasone Valerate Lotion in management of multiple patchy alopecia aerata. Patients and methods: 50 patients in all were included, after consenting each of them …


A Comparative Study Of The Transverse Cerebellar Diameter Of The Fetus With The Biparietal Diameter And Femur Length In Estimation Of Diagnostic Accuracy Of Gestational Age In The Second And Third Trimesters Of Pregnancy, Mohamed Mohamed Gebreel, Mofeed Fawzy Mohamed, Sherif Ahmed Hassan Abdel Fattah 2024 Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine for boys, Cairo Branch, Al- Azhar University, Egypt;

A Comparative Study Of The Transverse Cerebellar Diameter Of The Fetus With The Biparietal Diameter And Femur Length In Estimation Of Diagnostic Accuracy Of Gestational Age In The Second And Third Trimesters Of Pregnancy, Mohamed Mohamed Gebreel, Mofeed Fawzy Mohamed, Sherif Ahmed Hassan Abdel Fattah

Al-Azhar International Medical Journal

Background: The management of antenatal care and the successful planning of an appropriate intervention or therapy depend greatly on the determination of gestational age (GA). When dates are ambiguous or there is a suspicion of intrauterine growth retardation, transverse cerebellar diameter (TCD) provides a significant advantage in predicting GA. Aim of the work: to compare TCD measurement to existing fetal biometric measures such as femur length (FL) and biparietal diameter (BPD) in order to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of TCD measure in estimating GA throughout the second and third trimesters. Patients and methods: The obstetrics and gynecology department of El-Sheikh …


Comparative Study Between Fibrin Glue And Intra Corporeal Mesh Fixation In Trans Abdominal Preperitoneal Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernial Repair, Mahmoud Tarek Mohammed Ahmed Moamn, Ashraf Abdel-Hammid Abdel-monem, Abdel-Hafez Abdel- Aziz Selim 2024 Resident at General surgery department, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Comparative Study Between Fibrin Glue And Intra Corporeal Mesh Fixation In Trans Abdominal Preperitoneal Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernial Repair, Mahmoud Tarek Mohammed Ahmed Moamn, Ashraf Abdel-Hammid Abdel-Monem, Abdel-Hafez Abdel- Aziz Selim

Al-Azhar International Medical Journal

Introduction: Inguinal hernia, which often necessitate surgery, have a prevalence of 15–45 percent around the world, depending on age. The most common surgical treatment for inguinal hernia is mesh implantation. Current surgical options for mesh fixation involve, but are not limited to, sutures, tacks or staples, self-fixing meshes, fibrin, and other glues. Aim: To evaluate the performance of fibrin glues and sutures for fixing mesh during laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Patients and Methods: Forty adult male patients with inguinal hernias were randomly assigned to have either laparoscopic transabdominal pre-peritoneal repair or open repair at Al-Azhar university facilities. Individuals were separated …


Specular Microscopic Evaluation Of Corneal Endothelium After Intravitreal Injection Of Ranibizumab For Treatment Of Diabetic Macular Edema, Ahmed Mahmoud Ahmed Elarabi, Mohamed Zakaria Eid, Hatem Mahmoud Samy Abdelkawy 2024 Ophthalmology department , Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo , Egypt.

Specular Microscopic Evaluation Of Corneal Endothelium After Intravitreal Injection Of Ranibizumab For Treatment Of Diabetic Macular Edema, Ahmed Mahmoud Ahmed Elarabi, Mohamed Zakaria Eid, Hatem Mahmoud Samy Abdelkawy

Al-Azhar International Medical Journal

Background: The eye disorder known as diabetes-related macular edema (DME) is frequent and dangerous. DME is one of the easiest conditions to treat even though it can cause vision impairment. Photocoagulation, intravitreal medicines, in addition to surgical excision are some of the therapy options that are currently available. Aim of the work: to evaluate how intravitreal Ranibizumab injections affected corneal endothelial changes over the course of 3 months in patients diagnosed with DME. Patients and Methodology: A case-control study at Giza Memorial Institute of Ophthalmic Research from May 2022 till Nov 2022. compared patients with DM who have good glycemic …


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